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Therapeutic Cloning Essay

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Cloning is the use of technology to compose a precise genetic copy of a living organism. The term ‘cloning’ can also be applied to copying cells, a gene or a part of DNA (Healey, J 2007). There are two main techniques of cloning: reproductive and therapeutic. Reproductive cloning is the cloning of a human being. Reproductive cloning has a lot of ethical barriers but some scientists believe that reproductive cloning may one day be legal because of societies increasing acceptance of genetic technologies (Healey, J 2007). Reproductive cloning is a sexual reproduction because both sets of genes come from one ‘parent’. The resulting offspring born from cloning technology has the same genetic make-up as its original parent. The offspring will not be completely identical to its original parent but because of differences in mitochondrial DNA, different pregnancy and environmental influences. Some possible uses for reproductive cloning are infertility, single women, lesbians and it has even been thought that human cloning can be used to ‘bring back the dead’. For example grieving parents wanting to clone their dying or dead child (Healey, J 2007). While some ethical concerns include: Many unknown risks for the baby such as premature aging, biological, social and psychological repercussions. A deceased child can not be ‘brought back’ the cloned child will be the losts child genetic double. The cloning defies the individuality of human beings. An attempt to reproduce asexually goes against human biology and culture. Therapeutic cloning, also called somatic cell transfer (SCNT). It involves taking the nucleus from the skin of the patient and inserting it into an egg whose nucleus has been removed. This new cell will develop into an embr...


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...Medicine, viewed 19th May 2014 .
Nation Human Genome Research Institute 2014, Cloning, National Institute of Health, viewed 1 May 2014, .
Normile, D 2004 ‘Japan Panel Backs Therapeutic Cloning’, Science, vol. 305, no. 5680, pp. 27.
Pincock, S 2004 ‘Therapeutic cloning application considered in UK’, Lanchet, vol. 363, no. 9427, pp. 2147.
Ralston, M 2008, Stem cell research around the world, Pew Research Religion and Public Life Project, viewed 15th April 2014, .
Spriggs, M 2003 ‘Therapeutic cloning research and ethical oversight’, Journal of medical ethics, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 207.





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