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The Great Family of Araceae - ... Pistia and Lemnoideae was included as subfamilies in Engler’s classification. Hooker in the year 1883 made some modifications in Schott’s system and added concepts from Engler’s classification. However, Hotta in the year 1970 made a revision of Engler’s classification and merged three subfamilies, and made a new subfamily to a total of six subfamilies. Moreover, Hutchinson in the year 1973 also made revisions from Schott’s and followed some of Hooker’s system. He came up with a total of 18 major subdivisions for the family of Araceae....   [tags: living organisms, creatures, Earth] 1232 words
(3.5 pages)
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Diagnosing Medical Disorders - Diagnosing mental disorders has been most challenging for psychiatrists and psychologists for many years. WHO and the American psychiatric association played a pivotal role in tackling this challenge by developing the diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (DSM). Since its publication in 1953 by the American psychiatric association, DSM has undergone a considerable changes the DSM IV which is the latest version of the classification system has three major components: the diagnostic classification, the diagnostic criteria sets and the descriptive text....   [tags: psychology]
:: 11 Works Cited
1800 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Role of Essential Amino Acids, Micronutrients and Antioxidant Status in Alcoholic and Tropical Chronic Pancreatitis - This investigation was undertaken to examine the role of essential amino acids, micronutrients and antioxidant status in alcoholic and tropical chronic pancreatitis and to compare with healthy controls. A further goal is to estimate serum rhodanese, thiocyanate and urinary inorganic sulfate/cratinine ratio as a measure of detoxification of cyanogens. Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease associated with irreversible exocrine insufficiency, which in due course may cause fibrosis and diabetes mellitus and with significantly increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer....   [tags: Medical Science] 877 words
(2.5 pages)
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A New Algorithm for Age Group Recognition from Frontal Face Image - In this paper, a new algorithm for age group recognition from frontal face image is presented. The algorithm classifies subjects into four different age categories in four key stages: Pre-processing, Facial feature extraction by a new projection method, Face feature analysis, and Age classification. In order to apply the algorithm to the problem, a face image database focusing on people’s age information is required. Because there are no such these databases, we created a database for this purpose, which is called Iranian Face Database (IFDB)....   [tags: algorithms, age group recognition, frontal face im] 2507 words
(7.2 pages)
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Text Clustering - The idea of text clustering long preceded the computer age: “Clustering is one of the most primitive mental activities of humans, used to handle the huge amount of information they receive every day” (Theodoridis and Koutroubas, 2003: 398). The act of indexing long used in libraries is an obvious example. Manual clustering was the only type of document clustering possible prior to the computer age. This circumstance may have influenced much clustering work that relied only on immediate intuitive knowledge of the world without making use of quantitative numerical methods....   [tags: Language] 862 words
(2.5 pages)
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Residents of Distressed Appalachian Counties are at a Substantial Risk For Diabetes - Introduction: Appalachia is a 205,000-square-mile region of the Unites States that follows the Appalachian Mountains from southern New York to northern Mississippi [Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), 2009a]. (Figure 1) Appalachia includes all of West Virginia and parts of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. Appalachia consists of 420 counties. It has a population of approximately 24 million; 42 percent of the region's population is rural, while 20 percent of the national population is....   [tags: Health]
:: 31 Works Cited
2625 words
(7.5 pages)
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Test Guide - This guide is designed to walk you step by step through the process of calculating the organizational need component of the retention score. The form you will use will provide the other sub-scores and total the final retention score so you can determine who will be retained and who will be designated for layoff. Human Resources is available to help you, so don’t hesitate to contact Jack Loring at 44726, Jim Valliere at 45476, Joni Valliere at 43228, Chester Johnson at 45070, Laura Berkowitz at 44835, or Gene Pressoir at 44755 if you have any questions....   [tags: Business Administration] 1047 words
(3 pages)
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Analyzing the Writings of Thomas Hardy - The overall aim of this research study was to establish an objective clustering of Thomas Hardy’s prose fiction texts as a basis for better understanding the associations between the texts, and the development of an objective thematic analysis of Hardy’s corpus that can address the problems of replicability and objectivity in non-computational thematic classification of literary studies. To achieve this, this thesis used vector space clustering based on hierarchical cluster analysis methods. The novels and short stories of Thomas Hardy formed the context of the study....   [tags: Literary Analysis] 1214 words
(3.5 pages)
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Computer Science: Data Mining - Data mining is an analytic process of exploring huge amount of data, extract useful information, finding consistent patterns and trends between variables, and build predictive computer models from the relationship discovered using a combination of classical statistics, machine learning and artificial intelligence. The findings are then applied to new subsets of data to test its validity. It performs two essential tasks, descripting and predicting. Descriptive mining tasks characterize the general properties of the data in database....   [tags: exploring data, prediction, validity]
:: 6 Works Cited
1518 words
(4.3 pages)
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A Closer Look at Hardy Literature - From the point of view of the present discussion, the following problems arise with the foregoing work. • The established Hardy literature is saturated with stereotypical criticisms and patterns that have no grounded empirical criteria. One major problem of such a tendency is that thematic discussions of Hardy are mostly confined to some major themes, such as Wessex and suffering, paying no attention to important thematic concepts in Hardy’s texts such as sexuality, class, and education (Widdowson, 1989)....   [tags: Literary Review] 508 words
(1.5 pages)
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Computer Technology - Computer technology is one of the most essential in the world of today. It has become an important tool in varieties applications. There have two main areas which based on the computer technology to accomplish in their systems, these are the data model and the data classification. In terms of The data modelling, it is a way to simplify the real system by using the abstract representation. Birta and Arbez (2007:p. 6) state that data modelling has replaced the real system by describing with a simple technical way instead of find out the results by using experiments....   [tags: Technology, Data Modeling] 1993 words
(5.7 pages)
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Whalen v. J.P. Morgan Chase - Introduction Human Resources (HR) is responsible for monitoring employee job classifications. The framework of the job description and job analysis ensures a company is compliant and compensates employees fairly. Companies have two options for determining how to categorize their workers, based on the Fair Standards Labor Act (FSLA); employers must recognize an employee job classification as an exempt employee or non-exempt employee. The guidelines suggest the nature of the work performed by the employee determines which classification a company selects....   [tags: Overtime Pay Court Case]
:: 2 Works Cited
950 words
(2.7 pages)
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Offline Signature Verification Using Structural Features - 1. Abstract This paper describes a new technique for authenticating handwritten signatures using offline mode. In this technique, every single pixel that belongs to signature is considered. From the signature, every edge points / end points are extracted. These edge points / end points are connected to form a polygonal closed shape. From the polygonal shape, several values can be computed that can serve as structural features that are form factor, circularity measure, rectangularity measure, minimum enclosing rectangle, area and perimeter....   [tags: Information Technology ]
:: 21 Works Cited
2314 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Lovings v. The State of Virginia - ... The appellants argued that marriage is one of the "basic civil rights of man," fundamental to existence and survival. To deny this fundamental freedom on so unsupportable a basis as the racial classifications embodied in Virginia Code sections 20-58, 20-59, classifications so directly subversive of the principle of equality at the heart of the Fourteenth Amendment, is to deprive all the state's citizens of liberty without due process of law. The Fourteenth Amendment requires that the freedom of choice to marry not be restricted by racial discriminations....   [tags: interracial marriages legislation]
:: 1 Works Cited
900 words
(2.6 pages)
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Digital Image Analysis Of Yell - Digital Image Analysis of Yellowstone National Park Introduction Remote sensing refers to the tele-observational surveying and mapping of physical, urban and environmental features. Remote Sensing is also a composite of many other subjects such as aerial photography, radar surveying, thermal surveying, weather forecasting and photogrammetry. It has now become quite common practice to use remotely sensed data to take inventory, monitor and develop effective management practices of our natural resources....   [tags: essays research papers] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
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Slavery and Self-Esteem - Self-esteem Self-esteem is a term used to describe self-evaluation. The term self-evaluation is used to express that self-esteem is a product of personal reflection. A person with a high self-esteem has positive self-regard while a person with low self-esteem has negative self-regard. Self-esteem can be impacted by several external factors and is most impacted in the childhood years. Individuals who feel respected in their childhood are more likely to develop high self-esteem. Signs of respect include being listened to and being given attention....   [tags: Self Esteem, Race, Self Evaluation]
:: 9 Works Cited
1857 words
(5.3 pages)
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What is Business English? - Business English communication is the act of influencing and inducing others to act in the manner. Business English communication may take the form of notice, notification, intimation, instruction, intelligence and knowledge. To develop sensitivities to issues that arise as you participate in moving information around the world. Increasingly, disseminating information around the world happens in different languages, and several media. The first responsibility is to communicate the information, whatever it may be, and the second, to accommodate the needs of translators, customers, and end-users....   [tags: Business English Essays] 2495 words
(7.1 pages)
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Major Differences between the Paralympics and the Olympics - ... S3 SB2 SM3 This sport class includes athletes with amputations of all four limbs. Swimmers with reasonable arm strokes but no use of their legs or trunk and swimmers with severe co-ordination problems in all limbs are also included in this sport class. S6 SB5 SM6 This sport class includes swimmers with short stature, amputations of both arms or moderate co-ordination problems on one side of their body. Sport Classes 11-13: Visual Impairment Swimmers with visual impairment compete in the sport classes 11-13, with 11 meaning a complete or nearly complete loss of sight and 13 describing the minimum eligible visual impairment....   [tags: media coverage, swimming]
:: 24 Works Cited
1828 words
(5.2 pages)
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Potential of Applying the Radial Basis Function - ... A support vector machines (SVMs)-based classifier was also employed for the same problem. The resulting scores derived by visual assessment of the images by expert pathologists were compared with the RBF and SVM classification outcome. Overall, the RBF neural network had a slightly better performance than that of the SVM classifier, but both performed very well, matching to a great percentage the scoring of the experts. There are some erroneous predictions of the algorithm for the regions characterized as “ill” regions (i.e., some bronchia were wrongly classified as fibrotic areas); however, in general, the algorithm worked pretty fine in distinguishing pathologic fromnormal inmost cases...   [tags: neural network, bleomycin, medical images] 631 words
(1.8 pages)
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On-going Issues in the Anti-dumping Investigation - ...  The investigating authority enjoys much discretion in like product’s interpretation which leads to a number of inconsistence definition rendered by those national investigation authority. They enjoy manipulate the interpretation of the like product in order to achieve the specific goals.  The wide discretion grant to national authority should be limited. If not, the national authority investigation will keep playing naughty in interpretation the like product in article 2.6 of anti-dumping agreement....   [tags: tariff and trade agreements] 900 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Accuracy of Nowadays Knowledge - ... As a matter of fact, the knowledge in natural science that we possess today has been re-evaluated enormous times throughout the history of science and some of them are discarded forever by human. For instance, "the flat Earth" was considered as an affirmatory fact for many ancient cultures. Some Greek philosophers, beginning with Pythagoras, have already started raising the concept of a round Earth. However, the concept was still remained as a philosophical speculation. The round Earth is later proven by the expedition of Columbus and that his voyages refuted the belief of flat earth....   [tags: experience, knowledge, science, objective] 1113 words
(3.2 pages)
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Hayakawa Ch. 10 - Hayakawa Chapter 10 • Giving Things Names o A differentiation set itself up, and, abstracting the common characteristics. o The question what is it really. Or what is its right name. are nonsense questions. o Things can only have “right names” only if there is a necessary connection between symbols and things being symbolized. o What we call things and where we draw the line between one class of things and another depends upon the interests we have and the purpose of the classification....   [tags: essays research papers] 529 words
(1.5 pages)
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Overview of E-dictionaries - Differences between paper-based dictionaries and electronic dictionaries: Nesi (1998) classifies dictionaries into two modes of presentation: paper-based dictionaries and computer-based dictionaries (also known as electronic dictionaries). The main difference between electronic dictionaries and paper-based dictionaries is not their information content but their retrieval system (Nesi, 2000). In a study presented by Zainab Saleh AlBulushy on E-dictionaries versus paper-based ones, she presented the main differences between both types....   [tags: Online Publishing]
:: 26 Works Cited
1938 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Pursue of Knowledge - The pursuit of knowledge improves our understanding of the events and environment around us as we refine our knowledge by interpreting the observations we made through our senses and emotions and making sense of these interpretations using our logic and reasoning. Humans observe or interpret things differently which result in new ideas formed or evolved from preceding theories; these ideas are knowledge gained. Such knowledge can be replaced due to changing human behavior as well as shifting societal values and perceptions....   [tags: science, human curiosity]
:: 8 Works Cited
1405 words
(4 pages)
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An Analysis of the Ethnographic Conceptual Framework - The ethnographic conceptual framework examines group classifications and relationships and their effects on individuals. These classifications can represent a variety of groups from people with different ethnic backgrounds to nurses on different units. There are benefits and disadvantages to grouping people and classifying their actions; there is a risk of stereotyping people but there is also the possibility of gaining a better understanding of an individual. In this paper, I will explore the strengths and weaknesses of using the ethnographic conceptual framework by investigating applications of the framework....   [tags: Sociology]
:: 5 Works Cited
1312 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Rating of Television Shows - ... There were so many shows; so many great shows that I hadn’t even remembered about. But when researching the 80’s portion of great shows I could only pull a handful. Television Shows from the 1990’s is another story. We had T.G.I.F every Friday night. To be able to sit down with our families and relax and know everything was ok and everyone was safe on the couch. Shows like Alf, Bosom Buddies, Benson, and others kept our attention as well. Then we move on to the current decade of television. Television shows from the 2000’s like The O.C., 90210, 24, Malcolm in the Middle....   [tags: small screen entertainment] 778 words
(2.2 pages)
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Impacts of Transportation Arteries on Land Use Patterns in Urban Rural - Impacts of Transportation Arteries on Land Use Patterns in Urban Rural Fringe: A Comparative Gradient Analysis of Qixia District, Nanjing City, China Introduction The focus of this study was to understand how the impacts of different transportation arteries in the Qixia District of Nanjing City, China affected land change over time. This areas has had some of the most rapid urbanization and industrialization along with massive tendencies towards urban sprawl. Since the outer regions of urban areas are more susceptible to land change from country to urban, this area was suitable to use as a study area....   [tags: china, nanjing city, infrastructure]
:: 4 Works Cited
1328 words
(3.8 pages)
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Cost Analysis and Organization for Inglis University Library - ... If the activity moved outside the relative range listed above then these classifications would be different. More activity would require salaries and facility costs to become variable due to the increase in books. Salaries would go up and the use of the building would increase. The next classification is between direct and indirect costs. Direct costs are directly related materials that can be traced and are associated with the final product while indirect costs are not easily traced to a specified cost object....   [tags: books, salary, savings] 1672 words
(4.8 pages)
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Classifying the Arabic Language Texts Part 1 - ... we used Diab datasets and the structure of the dataset: The dataset has nine categories each of which contains 300 documents. Each category has its own directory that includes all files belonging to this particular category. and we make two other collections of data set, the second dataset collections has nine categories each of which contains 600 documents. Each category has its own directory that includes all files belonging to this particular category, and third dataset has nine categories each of which contains 1200 documents....   [tags: standard, environment, algorithms] 764 words
(2.2 pages)
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Teaching The Slow Learner In Elementary School - Abstract An underachiever in school can find themselves grouped under a generalized classification much too easily. A child should not be grouped with a group of underachievers and be placed under one certain classification and this happens much too often in our schools. A teacher must be aware of very specific and very personal problems that can cause a child to be considered an underachiever or a slow learner. Confusion regarding this topic needs to be reduced in our schools. Some teachers are just too quick to identify and also to attempt to correct learning disabilities without the proper training or knowledge on the subject....   [tags: Special education, Learning Disability] 1402 words
(4 pages)
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Fennec Fox: The World's Smallest Fox - ... These species of foxes are not endangered but, as said by the Mother Nature Network, “Although the International Union for Conservation of Nature doesn't list Fennec foxes as endangered yet, conservationists are concerned the species may soon be threatened.” The CITES website says, "Species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival." The current conservation status for the Fennec fox is Least Concern as they are hunted, and also sold as Exotic Pets....   [tags: little animals, biology]
:: 11 Works Cited
923 words
(2.6 pages)
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Sociallinguistics: Study of Language and Society - Chapter One 1.1. Sociolinguistics- dokonczyc I opracować Sociolinguistics study the relationship between language and society. Sociolinguistics is a loose grouping of several related disciplines. It has been in existence for around forty years. As such, the field combines knowledge principally from two fields of study: linguistics and sociology. principles of sociolinguistics ( Wardaugh and Bell) the cumulative principle - as much data as possible about languages in use must be collected the uniformation principle - the basic causes of language change, internal structural influences and external shifts in style, have not changed in recorded history diachronic linguistics - the study of t...   [tags: principle, loanwords, polish] 1798 words
(5.1 pages)
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Animal Conservation and Enrichment in Zoos - ... Psychological science can be defined as “the study of behavior and mental life” (Maple 70). By researching and studying animal behavior and mental thought process, experts can uncover more about the animal psyche and its classifications. “The study of behaviorism in zoos provides the intellectual framework supporting environmental enrichment, training, and behavioral management and husbandry” (Maple 70). The increase of many zoos and aquariums hiring, working in cooperation with, and even sponsoring internal behavioralist and psychologist teams has lead to major conservation breakthroughs and can be seen as a major justification and very beneficial to the institutions themselves....   [tags: protecting and researching the animal kingdom]
:: 6 Works Cited
1558 words
(4.5 pages)
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Machine Learning - 1. Introduction Humans can expand their knowledge to adapt the changing environment. To do that they must “learn”. Learning can be simply defined as the acquisition of knowledge or skills through study, experience, or being taught. Although learning is an easy task for most of the people, to acquire new knowledge or skills from data is too hard and complicated for machines. Moreover, the intelligence level of a machine is directly relevant to its learning capability. The study of machine learning tries to deal with this complicated task....   [tags: Machine Learning Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
2503 words
(7.2 pages)
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Historical Periods of Canadian History - Organizing a topic as diverse as Canadian history into periods is challenging. Canadian history spans hundreds of years, covers events from varying points of views, and contains dimensions of culture, theme, and politics. To understand how to organize history logically into periods, it is helpful to refer to Canadian history sources. Two history texts by Bumstead and Silver will be considered. The manner in which they organize Canadian history into logical and comprehensive periods will be taken into account....   [tags: Canadian History ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1753 words
(5 pages)
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SDP: No Divorce for Men - The first issue is whether this potential piece of legislation would violate SDP and if divorce is a fundamental right. SDP is based on the due process clause in the 5th and 14th amendments. SDP is a constitutional safeguard limiting the power of the state, irrespective of how fair the safeguards procedures may substantive limit the power of the state. (Griswold) For someone to bring a SDP issue there has to be a state action that prohibits or burdens a person’s liberty. If the issue is something that is based on traditional notions or the text of the Constitution the issue will be analyzed with strict scrutiny because it is a fundamental right and issues that are more modern are analyzed by...   [tags: Law ] 1190 words
(3.4 pages)
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Psychopathy Effects Military Sexual Assault - Abstarct It is questioned whether psychopathy is has an impact or has an effect on military sexual assault. For this study, the study eligibility criteria are the characteristics military sex offenders obtain which are also the same characteristics psychopaths obtain. The overall study includes the characteristics of people who are considered to be diagnosed with psychopathy verses the characteristics of a person who is a sex offender in the military. This study will show that psychopathy does have an impact or effect on military sex offenders....   [tags: Personality Disorder, Military Sex Offenders]
:: 8 Works Cited
2368 words
(6.8 pages)
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The Science Community and Cryptozoology - Cryptids A Cryptid is a creature or even a plant that’s existence has been suggested but has not been discovered or documented by the scientific community (Wikipedia.com). Cryptids are known to be part of legends, old wise tales, and mythology. Cryptozoology is a pseudoscience that involves the search for animals whose existence has not yet been proven. This kind of search includes searching for animals that are said to already be extinct. Cryptids was term made by John Wall in 1983 who sent a letter to the International Society of Cryptozoology....   [tags: bigfoot, mysterious creature, anomalies]
:: 5 Works Cited
1719 words
(4.9 pages)
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Judgement According to Mill - Judgement According to Mill This paper discusses Mill’s views about judgement as presented in Book I of A System of Logic. Its purpose is twofold: first, to understand the exact nature of the question Mill asks about judgement; and second, to expound his answer thereto. I want to commence with a brief, terminological point. Mill uses the term "judgement" interchangeably with the term "proposition," both of which can be defined provisionally as the bearers of truth or falsity. In most of his discussion, however, he uses the language of "propositions;" consequently, I do the same in this paper....   [tags: Philosophy Logic Philosophical Essays] 2028 words
(5.8 pages)
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GEO-MAD: Geographic Ontology for Major Disasters - Geographic Ontologies The term “Ontology” was employed with different senses in a number a fields; it was originally derived from the philosophy where an ontology is “a systematic account of Existence”. Ontology was initially introduced in Artificial Intelligence field by Gruber [2] as “an explicit specification of a conceptualization”. Uschold et Gruninger [3] give further clarification about the word conceptualization in the above definition “Ontology is the term used to refer to the shared understanding of some domain of interest which may be used as a unifying framework (…)....   [tags: geography, taxonomy]
:: 16 Works Cited
1466 words
(4.2 pages)
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Geert Hofstede and Differentiated Cultures and Power Distance - ... This is because there is a close connection between culture and competitive advantage as shown by the Hofstede study. It is on this background that The Azure Sky Tea Company needs to establish which of the features of The Hofstede model will be the main determinants of their products performance in the target market. Classifications of countries for possible location of The Azure Sky Tea’s offices can be made based on The Hofstede features. The first classifications can be based on uncertainty and avoidance....   [tags: the azure sky tea] 680 words
(1.9 pages)
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Importance of Information Security - Information security Information Security refers to the procedures and techniques which are composed and implemented to ensure print, electronic, or other form of private and sensitive information from unapproved access, utilization, destruction, divulgence, change, or interruption. (http://www.sans.org/information-security) Need for Information security Business objectives and privacy drive the need for Information security. For a period, data security was affected to some degree by trepidation, lack of determination, and uncertainty....   [tags: privacy, threats, hackers] 1548 words
(4.4 pages)
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Face Recognition System - A face recognition system aims to determine the identity of a face image with the assistance of a stored database of faces labeled with people’s identities. It is widely considered as one of the most promising biometric techniques, and has attracted much attention in the area of pattern recognition and machine learning. Numerous methods have been proposed in the last decades and they are briefly summarized in surveys of this area [1-3]. These face recognition algorithms generally consist of two steps [4]: 1) feature extraction; and 2) classification....   [tags: Technology ]
:: 29 Works Cited
1056 words
(3 pages)
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Sign Language Recognition - ... Feed forward BPN was used in [14] for the classification of static gestures involving alphabets of ASL with recognition accuracy of 92.78%. FSM was used in [5] for the recognition of both static and dynamic gestures of ASL. The accuracy obtained for dynamic gesture was 61.33% and for static gestures 62.49% HMM classifier was used in [2] for the dynamic gesture recognition involving 60 different dynamic gestures. Recognition was performed using the Viterbi algorithm to estimate maximum likelihood state sequences....   [tags: Principle Component Analysis, Wavelet Transform] 2070 words
(5.9 pages)
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Review of Research on Language Learners' Use E-Dictionaries - Review of Research on Language Learners' Use E-Dictionaries It is commonly known that using dictionaries is significant for language learners. Almuzainy (2005) pointed out that foreign language learners use dictionaries for decoding activities such as reading, listening, and translating from L2 into L1; for encoding activities such as writing, speaking, and translating from L1 to L2; and for learning in general. Dictionaries can be classified into paper dictionaries and electronic dictionaries....   [tags: teachers using online technology]
:: 11 Works Cited
2029 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Corn Ethanol Industry - The corn ethanol industry has undergone several public relations iterations in recent years. It once emanated a cure all aura to domestic fuel market volatility, environmental concerns, and vulnerabilities to international energy markets. As research took place regarding the feasibility of large scale corn ethanol production, questions were raised as to the actual net economic and environmental effects of production. With the recent EPA change in corn ethanol classification, the market reality has once again changed....   [tags: Alternative Energy] 684 words
(2 pages)
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Stereotyping: The Nature of Prejudice - A lot of people understand and have gone through stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Social Psychologists make a distinction between these by concentrating on either they include emotions, understanding, or attitudes. Racism is the influence, or reaction, visible feature of this triad. Racism includes a contradicting approach into individuals situated on their association in a specific organization. The psychological visible feature is stereotyping. Stereotypes are feelings concerning the characteristics of specific crowds or associates of those organizations....   [tags: Outgroup Homogeneity, Racism]
:: 7 Works Cited
1527 words
(4.4 pages)
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History of Taxonomy - History of Taxonomy Taxonomy has a long history, spanning the course of over 2,000 years. It has grown and developed into one of the major branches of biology. Today, it is a universal methodology of grouping organisms according to their characteristics and their evolutionary history. (Source: Modern Biology 337) One of the oldest known systems of classification is that of Aristotle, who lived around 300 B.C. Dichotomies, or polar opposites, were what Aristotle based his division of the complexity of life upon....   [tags: Papers] 838 words
(2.4 pages)
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A Comparative Study of Breast Cancer Detection Based on SVM and MLP BPN Classifier - ... Physicians use diagnostic analysis for cancer and determine if it has disseminated to other parts of the body outside the breast area. Some other tests may also assist the doctor decide regarding the most effective treatments. For most cancer types, biopsy is the only way to diagnose cancer properly. If a biopsy is impossible, the doctor may suggest other clinical tests that will help arrive at a diagnosis. The well-known imaging tests might be used to determine the severity of cancer disease....   [tags: severe diseases in females]
:: 15 Works Cited
746 words
(2.1 pages)
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Categorization of Biomass Material, Pollution Forming mechanism and Health Impacts in Developing Countries. - Introduction Biomass energy is important renewable source of energy that is derived from either living or organisms that were in existence recently. This energy source is used in dual purposes; to be used directly with the process of combustion to produce heat or through indirect means after its conversion into different forms of biofuels. The focus of our project would be usage of Biomass energy through mainly combustion process in the developing world. In this region biomass is the primary source of domestic energy supplying approximately over 70% of the energy consumed (Ndiema, Mpendazoe and Williams, 1997)....   [tags: Biomass Energy, Renewable Source of Energy]
:: 8 Works Cited
2493 words
(7.1 pages)
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Separation of Church and State - Town of Greece v. Galloway - The paper discusses the correctness of the holding by the United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit in Galloway v. Town of Greece, 681 F.3d 20 (2d Cir. 2012) and reversing the decision of the District Court that a Town Board's practice of beginning its meetings by an opening prayer violated the Establishment Clause and postulates that the decision is correct on the facts of the case. The Establishment Clause is contained in the First Amendment to the constitution providing for religious freedom and prohibiting Congress from making any law for the establishment of any....   [tags: Establishment Clause, religion, Christian beliefs]
:: 1 Works Cited
1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Human Age Estimation from Facial Images Using Artificial Neural Network - ... Proposed Approach We have used MLP backpropagation algorithm in our neural network. The steps followed in the process of estimating age are shown in Fig. 1. . Fig. 1. Steps in age estimation process We input face image to our system. The validation of this image needs to be done manually. Validation of image is done such that frontal view of face is visible so as to extract the features accurately. After validating image, we extract face features from it. Features are 68 pair of (x,y) co-ordinates....   [tags: identity, gender oreintation, being normal]
:: 16 Works Cited
1916 words
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Genre and Generic Stage of Online Job Advertisement - 1. Introduction While Bahia (2008) suggests that genre as text types is evoking and developing dynamically under the influence of two main issues: discipline and registers (Halliday 2004), Coffin, Donohue and North (2009) propose each type of genre carries a rather stable generic stages /schematic structure, which could be divided into obligatory stages and optional stages as per whether or not a stage more or less has to be there for the genre to work. Thus, this paper in the following sections firstly identifies the general generic stages of the collected online job advertisement samples according to the classification of genres and generic stages proposed by Coffin, Donohue and North(ple...   [tags: job welfares, job positions, promotions]
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981 words
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QSAR Modeling for Predicting Aquatic Toxicity of Chemicals - ... J. Hazard. Mater. 165, 156–161. (25) Chen, C. Y., and Lin, J. H. (2006) Toxicity of chlorophenols to Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata under air-tight test environment. Chemosphere 62, 503–509. (26) Gramatica, P., Cassani, S., Roy, P. P., Kovarich, S., Yap, C. W., and Papa, E. (2012) QSAR Modeling is not ‘‘Push a Button and Find a Correlation’’: a Case Study of toxicity of (benzo-)triazoles on algae. Mol. Inf. 31, 817–835. (27) Cassani, S., Kovarich, S., Papa, E., Roy, P. P., vander Wal, L., and Gramatica, P....   [tags: Species, Experiment]
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The Database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP) - ... GWA studies discover the association between specific genes and observable traits, such as weight and blood pressure, or the presence or absence of a disease or condition (phenotype information). Connecting phenotype and genotype data gives information about the genes that may be involved in a disease process or condition, which can be critical for better understanding the disease and for developing new diagnostic methods and treatments. dbGaP, the database of Genotype and Phenotype, for the first time will provide a central location for interested parties to see all study documentation and to view summaries of the measured variables in an organized and searchable web format....   [tags: data mining, public reposity] 696 words
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CAST (Condition Assessment Selection Tool) Development - 4.1 Introduction The main objective of this thesis was development of a framework for decision support tool, CAST (Condition Assessment Selection Tool). Once the data was collected on condition assessment technologies a means of comparing them was needed. Several different formats and programs were considered including MS Access, MS Excel and MS Visio method. After careful review of all methods, MS Excel based method was selected because of the following features: Wide usage is possible due to universal acceptance and availability of MS Excel The revision and addition of new technologies is much easier It doesn’t require any special training Both MS Excel and MS Access based tools have th...   [tags: Technology] 3198 words
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Diagnosing Chronic Diseases: Literary Review - Background: Chronic disease is defined as disease that persists over a long condition which progress slowly and generally it can be controlled but not cure. Type of chronic disease likely heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, liver, and diabetes mellitus. Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) is a case-based reasoning solves problems by using or adapting solutions to old problems. The CBR system has been used for diverse purposes likely classification, diagnostic, planning, and tutoring in the field of medical....   [tags: CBR, PPV, NPV]
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The Australian Toy Safety Standards - ... Piaget proposed that a child’s thinking does not develop completely smoothly, instead, there are specific points where the child’s thinking moves into new areas and capabilities. (Atherton, 2013) He proceeded to observe his three children and conducted tests to confirm his theory. (EHLT, 2008) (EHLT, 2008) (Cherry, 2008) Method: Piaget and his co-workers asked a simple question to a child which required a straight forward answer. These questions were such as ‘Which one weighs more?’, or ‘What belongs here?’....   [tags: cognitive development, piaget, ] 1840 words
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Depression Symptoms and Coping Mechanisms - There’s always a reason for the cause of depression even though there might not be anything bothering you at the moment. There might’ve been something bothering in the past that you have forgotten about. A single thought might trigger those feelings that played a role with that forgotten thought. Basic categories of depression according to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) are Dysthymia, Major Depressive Disorder, Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood, and Secondary depression....   [tags: psychology, depression,] 587 words
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Improving Inventory Management in Power Generation Company - ... It’s became the subject of maintenance that requires an ideal strategy. System Equipment Reliability Priority (SERP) is a new model to rank the equipment prioritization based on six parameters for system criticality ranking, one parameter for operational criticality ranking and one parameter for asset failure probability. The analysis calculation will generate a Maintenance Priority Index (MPI). MPI will provide information to the management about equipments which become the main focus (Wahyudi, 2009)....   [tags: inventory control models, ABC analysis]
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Jean Baptiste Lamarck (1744 - 1829) - Jean Baptiste Lamarck (1744 - 1829) Jean Baptiste Lamarck was one of the first people to propose a theory of evolution to the public. Although his ideas were not widely accepted they paved the way for others to do work in that field. Even before his work on evolution he did extensive work with invertebrates. His work on invertebrates inevitably led him to his theory of evolution. This theory was not accepted at his time and has since been proven wrong. The way he was raised and the institutions he attended gave him the opportunity to perform his work....   [tags: Biographies Biography Lamarck Essays]
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Mathematical Modelling and Grand Nain - Mathematical modelling was done to predict mass of the banana fruit var. Grand Nain from the physical characteristics like length, width, thickness, volume, geometrical mean diameter, etc. The observed physical properties of banana were statistically analysed and their mean, standard deviation, error and coefficient of variance were presented. The fitted models were divided into three classifications. Among the first classification model, empirical equation describing the length and width (model no.4) predicts the mass with highest R2 value....   [tags: agricultural products, banana fruit]
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Non-Consensual Property Rights - Non-Consensual Property Rights Some form of classification is necessary to aid attempts to bring order to a confusing and confused area of law. If the events from which non-consensual property rights arise can be classified, then the law’s response is more likely to be consistent and coherent. Yet there are problems. The very nature of the facts that are brought before courts in the sorts of cases that comprise this area of law demand fairness, and legal policy considerations lurk behind every rationalisation....   [tags: Papers] 2414 words
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Overview of Cerebral palsy - Cerebral Palsy is most commonly explained as “brain paralysis” according to Abdel-Hamid, Zeldin, Bazzano, Ratanawongsa (2013), which translates into the inability to control the movement of the brain. Therefore, causing the inability to control the movements of body parts such as arms, legs, hand, feet, tongue, head, etc. Although Cerebral Palsy carries a common description, it does not have an exact definition. Cerebral Palsy is described in medical terms by Bax M, Goldstein M, Rosenbaum P, Leviton A, Paneth N, Dan B, et al (2005)....   [tags: health, disease, brain]
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The Masking of History: The Misunderstanding of Gender and Race Studies. - Historical analysis has multiple approaches which often depend on correlating subfields of history. Understanding the subfield in which a historian is writing illuminates the subject and clarifies historical context. Although, the subfields of gender and race studies differ in how they emerged they share similar elements which can shape how historical recording can be negatively influenced. By analyzing how gender, whose origins are messy and indiscernible, is embedded and imposed contrasts with race as a perpetuated ideology, an understanding of how they are both used to help shape and reproduce systems of inequality can be achieved....   [tags: sojourner truth, mentalite, slavery]
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Voltage Limits and Currents on Power Systems - ... Fig 2.5 shows the hybrid filter, which is a combination of an active series filter and passive shunt filter. It is quite popular because the solid-state devices used in the active series part can be of reduced size and cost (about 5% of the load size) and a major part of the hybrid filter is made of the passive shunt L–C filter used to eliminate lower order harmonics. It has the capability of reducing voltage and current harmonics at a reasonable cost. Fig 2.3 Shunt-type AF Fig 2.4 Series-type AF Fig 2.5 Hybrid filter Fig 2.6 Unified Power Quality Conditioner Fig 2....   [tags: harmonics, nature, limits] 2302 words
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Ranking The Present Enterprise Purchasers - ... In too many cases, these and other dispute outcomes in serious interruption to the company or to the sales deal. The outcome, too often, is an “I-told-you-so” situation, where there are too many views, but no one is really ever the smarter. An outside customer removes these often insoluble problems. The key to deciding on a friend as a buyer is threefold: ability, members of the family contract, and financial value. Business Opponents This is a classification often neglected as a resource of potential buyers....   [tags: family, economical, customer] 539 words
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A Brief Look into Polymer Processing - 1. Introduction Polymeric materials play a functional role in every aspect of daily life, from clothing to infrastructure. Polymers differ greatly from other materials, such as ceramics or metals, based upon the types of bonding. Metals bond metallically, creating a sea of electrons, and ceramics generally bond ionically, strongly tying electrons to lattice points. Polymers bond covalently in carbon chains, which (in general) make their properties more variable due to the possibilities of arrangement in bond length, angle, and molecular configuration....   [tags: polymeric materials, chemistry, bonds]
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Durkheim and Levi-Strauss and Thought - The ritual examination of the other functions as a harvesting of intellectual resources to formulate a theory of the western self. In the case of the sensitive but scientific anthropologist, the mind of the other is a key to understanding the universal nature of the human mind. Durkheim and Lévi-Strauss consider ‘primitive thought’ to be rooted in certain modes of classification which they consider to be precursors and parallels, respectively, to ‘modern’ Euro-American scientific rationality. They take this connection between modes of classification and thought as indicative of a universal condition of human existence that shows the subject is rule bound and order loving....   [tags: Psychology Philosophy Essays] 2413 words
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders: A Controversial History - Crazy is a word with a thousand and one connotations meaning everything from being wildly enthusiastic, to displaying wild or aggressive behaviour. Psychologists have come to the understanding that the pop culture word crazy is synonymous with abnormal behaviour. Abnormal behaviour is difficult to define as the question it faces is who has the authority to differentiate between what is normal and what is abnormal. There are many questions which aid psychologists to differentiate between normal and abnormal, but the following four are the most commonly agreed upon (Rieger, 2011): 1. Is the behaviour statistically rare....   [tags: psychology, defining normal and abnormal]
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Improve Inventory Management To Support Maintenance Management Program - BACKGROUND Material management is one of the main components in the management of all types of companies. Material management plays an important role in supporting the company's performance, which relates to customer satisfaction, cost of production and financial performance. Ruauw (2011) stated that the raw materials required should be sufficient available so as to ensure smooth production. However, should the quantity of inventory it should not be too large so that capital tied up in inventory and costs....   [tags: Material Management, Companies]
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Using Visual Thinking for Effective Teaching and Learning - ... The objective of this reforming is to create a world-class education system that will prepare learners for university-level study in English and help Kazakhstan compete internationally. But today’s system of teaching English at school needs to be improved. One of the critical problems of teaching English as the second language is the lack of learners’ motivation and discipline. Learners of our schools are not enough interested or motivated in learning English. They can skip classes or chat with the classmates....   [tags: motivation, discipline, second language]
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How the Sun Produces Light and Heat - When we look up into the sky, what do we see. During the day, we often will find the sun. The sun is much more than a ball of fire that we see in our daily lives. The sun gives earth life, from the condition of the season of the life that is produced. Overall, when we think of the sun we think of heat and light, but one might question; how does the sun produce the heat and light that is necessary for the earth to sustain life. The sun is also known as a star, just like the stars we see at night that illuminate the night sky....   [tags: Sun, Light, Heat, Energy, Fire, Power]
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Factors Contributing to the Wound Healing Process - ... Dirty-contaminated (Class IV) is present when a traumatic open would has already had an infection present. When it comes to wound healing there are three different types: First Intention, Second Intention, and Third Intention ("Healing and Wound Classification", 2007, p. 26, 28, 30, and 32). First intention healing is the best when talking about simplicity. An example of this would be a normal surgical incision that is sutured and heals normally without complications. Second intention occurs when large wound cannot be close appropriately usually due to removal of tissue from the wound....   [tags: contamination, infection, complications]
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How the Sun Produces Light and Heat - ... “1. Two protons combine to form a deuterium atom (hydrogen atom with one neutron and one proton), a positron (electron with a positive charge) and a neutrino. 2. A proton and a deuterium atom combine to form a helium-3 atom (two protons and one neutron) and a gamma ray. 3. Two helium-3 combine to form a helium-4 atom (two protons and two neutrons) and two protons,” (Layton and Fruedenrich, 2000). In addition to the nuclear fusion reactions take place, energy is being produced from mass in that E=mc2, so the energy in turn will help to produces an outward pressure and the inward pressure is produced by a gradational attraction to help keep the sun stable motion (“The Life-Giving Sun”, 200...   [tags: temperature, hydrogen, nuclear fussion]
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The Paradigms of Face Recognition Systems - No previous work has been reported on any aspects of similarity recognition in images of family faces. However, it is appropriate to review research on face recognition, as many of the issues encountered in our problem are similar to those encountered in related problems. Face recognition systems has been carried out in two distinct paradigms. In the first paradigm researchers first extract facial features such as the eyes, nose, etc., then they utilize clustering/classification algorithms to recognition....   [tags: technology] 1335 words
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Different Pattern of Development in Writing - Suppose you write an essay for your class or a documentation for your job, the first thing that comes up in your mind is which pattern of development you will decide to write your paper. The reason you evaluate this step is due to the fact that each topic may address different pattern of development. As a reminder, it is vital for you as a writer to understand the subject of your topic and determine which pattern you will address the topic which is more likely can be process analysis, comparison and contract, cause and effect and so on...Therefore, this essay will explain five chapters...   [tags: informative] 1234 words
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Leadership Experience - A Personal Perceptive - ... As a result of such considerations, it was inevitable that a meeting between the three of us would ensue. It was important to uncover both sides of the story in addition to simply reading reports, thus, at the group meeting information seeking was the goal with an objective of the two-party resolution. Additionally, emphasizing interpersonal relations is something that has been shown to foster cultural competence, thus, for this particular situation I believe the consultative-participative approach would benefit both parties including the organization and department....   [tags: organizational management]
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The Methods of Measuring National Income - ... This method approaches national income from the output side. According to this method the economy is divided into different sectors such as agriculture, mining, manufacturing, small enterprises, commerce, transport, communication and other services. Then the gross product is find out by adding up net values of all the production that has taken place in these sectors during a given year. Steps:- 1. Identification and Classification of Productive enterprises. First of all productive enterprises are identified and then these are classified in three categories: • Primary Sector • Secondary Sector • Tertiary Sector 2. Estimation of Gross Value Added In this step net value added in each s...   [tags: national income, money value, circular flow] 1076 words
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The Pathological Causes of Malignant Lymphomas - ... However, the incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma has declined over the same period (Huether & McCance, 2012, p. 516). Hodgkin Lymphoma is characterized by its progression from one group of lymph nodes to another, the development of systematic symptoms, and the presence of Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells. It is widely accepted that the RS cell represents the malignant transformation of lymph cells (Huether & McCance, 2012, p. 516). In rare instances, cells resembling RS cells can be found in benign illnesses, as well as in other forms of cancer, including non-Hodgkin lymphomas and solid tissue cancers and in infectious mononucleosis....   [tags: lymphatic system, genetic characteristics] 1336 words
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