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Argument for the Existence of God - The following paper will provide a sound argument in favor of the existence of God. By demonstrating that an Atheist world cannot account for the preconditions of the laws of logic an Atheist cannot even account for a rational debate concerning the existence of God. “The impossibility of the contrary”, the best and only proof that the nesesary truth of the existence of God is his revelation of himself to us that makes it possible for us to use logic. This could be translated, using only nessesary truths, into the form of: L: (laws of logic) G: (God exists) if L entails G L ================ G Logic is “the laws of reasoning that God has es...   [tags: Religion, Theology] 309 words
(0.9 pages)
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How to Structure an Argument - How to Structure an Argument Audience and purpose guide a writer’s selection of what structure to use for his/her argument. To satisfy the audience’s needs, certain organizational concepts have developed. The common types of arrangements below are in no way discrete and usually do not occur in isolation. They do create a sense of structure for the reader and the writer. Chronological: sequence-oriented, usually based on time. For example, “First A happened, then B, then C.” This structure works well for recipes, instructions, lab reports, and possibly narratives....   [tags: Process Esays] 360 words
(1 pages)
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Exploring a Weak Political Argument - In the article "A Paramedic for Governor", published in October 2003 issue of Emergency Medical Services, Norm Rooker fails to argue why James H. Green should be governor of California. First of all, Rooker dose not provide enough evidence to support his argument. Additionally, his tone is not appropriate for this article. Finally, there is not clear reasoning in the article. Because of these defects in this article Norm fails to convince the reader why paramedic Green should be governor. First, Norm Rooker is lacking in evidence in the article "A Paramedic for Governor." In the beginning of the article Rooker quotes Green in saying "I don't think I have a snowball's chance in you-know-whe...   [tags: Politics] 369 words
(1.1 pages)
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An Argument for Abstinence - An Argument for Abstinence Normally when the word abstinence is mentioned people automatically assume you are religious or just boring, but that's not always the case. Why in today's society when STD prevention and contraceptives are so advanced would anyone think of waiting to have sex. Although it's safer to use a condom that not to, there is still no guarantee that you won't contract an STD or even fall pregnant, the only 100% safe method is abstinence. An argument for abstinence is: If a friend asked you to walk over a bridge which dropped every hundredth person to their death, would you take the risk....   [tags: Papers] 376 words
(1.1 pages)
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Argument for Universal Healthcare - Argument for Universal Healthcare The time to overhaul the American healthcare system is now. As the baby-boom generation becomes older, the stress that will be placed upon our healthcare industry will become unprecedented. As a worker in the healthcare industry, I have witnessed first hand the issues facing not only our elderly, but of the young and middle-aged. They have to make decisions that no family should face: to buy medication or pay for groceries. To those of you whom I’ve seen screaming at town hall meetings that proposed changes to healthcare will lead us on a path to a socialistic society, you are the very ones that benefit from your government’s help....   [tags: Health Care, Argumentative, Persuasive] 402 words
(1.1 pages)
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The Argument Culture - On any given night when watching the news, there are bound to be a number of stories involving arguments. Usually there are two sides to each point of contention, and both sides seem unable to compromise. But there are also a large number of times when the media examines stories which are not argumentative, sometimes regarding fact, possibly human interest. This mix represents the multiple ways we view the world. Without a doubt, the argument culture to which Deborah Tannen refers in The Argument Culture exists, but it is nevertheless countered by a distinct interest in goodness and compromise rather than strictly confrontation....   [tags: Deborah Tannen] 414 words
(1.2 pages)
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Argument Against Eating Meat - Argument Against Eating Meat Many people don’t believe think anything of what they eat or how it got there. But the harsh truth is the meat that you eat was once a living, breathing creature that had feeling and emotions. Maybe next time you order a steak or chicken nuggets you should think about the animals that went through extreme pain and conditions for you to eat. Not only is it inhumane to put animals through such pain, not eating meat and having a vegetarian lifestyle can have huge benefits to animals, the environment, and your health....   [tags: Vegetarianism, Persuasive, Argumentative] 436 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Argument of Death Penalty - The Argument of Death Penalty "Works Cited Missing" Last week America executed their 1000th person. Should we view this as a momentous occasion or a travesty in American history. The bible states “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” but surely murder is not the answer in the 21st Century. The death penalty is barbaric, primitive and inhumane. When the word death penalty is used, it makes yelling and screaming from both sides of extremist. One side may say deterrence and the other side may say, but you can execute an innocent man....   [tags: Papers] 456 words
(1.3 pages)
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Aristotle's Argument for People's Actions - Aristotle's Argument for People's Actions Aristotle argues things people do aims at some end or end. The highest end to all of these things is attaining happiness. I maintain that it is impossible for a human being to be happy according to Aristotle's definition due to the fact that he sets strict conditions of perfect virtue thus happiness. Aristotle suggests that happiness is not a state, but rather we count happiness as an activity. He argues that happiness is an activity of the soul in accordance with perfect virtue....   [tags: Papers] 465 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Teleological Argument for God's Existence - The Teleological Argument for God's Existence The teleological argument is also known as the argument from design. It is the idea that our world and the universe surrounding it are so intricate that it could not happen by accident, it was designed. William Paley put forward perhaps the most famous version of this with the watchmaker argument. Imagine you live on a desolate desert island and one day you come across a watch. By looking at it and examining, the intricate and complicated mechanisms you would conclude that it was designed by an intelligent designer....   [tags: Papers] 480 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument - The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument There are many strengths within the Cosmological Argument which have proven theories and ways to prove the existence of God. Many of these strengths have come from such scholars as; Copleston, Aquinas and Leibniz, all of which have put together major points to prove the existence of a non-contingent being. One of the main strengths of the Cosmological Argument is from Aquinas way I that was about motion....   [tags: Papers] 524 words
(1.5 pages)
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Socrates' Argument with Crito - Socrates' Argument with Crito Socrates has presented a period of questions and answers through dialogue with Crito to examine if he going into exile will damage his reputation. Socrates questions and answers with Crito establishes that a person must decide whether the society he or she lives has a just reasoning behind it's own standards of right and wrong and that a person must have pride in the life that he or she leads. By confirming these two concepts through questions, Socrates attempted to prove to his companion Crito, that the choice that he has made is just: "I am the kind of man who listens only to the argument that on reflection seems best to me....   [tags: Papers] 538 words
(1.5 pages)
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Gun Control Argument - Gun Control Argument I would consider myself to be a conservative, although I do share a few liberal beliefs. I am a very firm believer in a free market economy. Where the invisible hand of competition keeps business in check. I believe that this type of business benefits the consumer by keeping prices low and quality high. I also think that some monopolies are beneficial to us. Microsoft for example, has a superior product in which consumers have chosen make it a monopoly. The government should not be able to break up this company, unless it is proven that they are mistreating the consumer....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms] 598 words
(1.7 pages)
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An Argument for Abortion - Pro-Abortion over Pro-life An unborn child doesn’t have a soul A sixteen year old walks down a nameless back alley on the mainland, one of only a million others, and she carries with her an unborn child of 4 months. She had tried to hide it but the signs were finally showing, “Who was the father” were the cries and pleas of those whom she loved. She was raped a year ago by her ex-boyfriend and now carries their unwanted child. Should she be forced to carry and care for the child she hadn’t planned for....   [tags: essays research papers] 599 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Rogerian Style of Argument - One of the elements of the Rogerian argument is cooperation. There will always be disagreements among people, especially within the United States Government and between politicians, this is more apparent now than ever. If people could all agree to disagree and find a middle ground in which they all get some of what they want and some of what they don’t want, life would be much easier. Unfortunately there are people that are so stubborn they truly believe that their way, or their ideas are the only answer and will not budge an inch when offered a compromise from his or her opponents....   [tags: agreement, disagreement, government shutdown]
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602 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God The teleological argument is an a posteriori argument. The word teleological comes from the Greek word “teleos” meaning end, or purpose. It is based on the idea that there is evidence of design in the world, as natural order shows more that simply chance. This, therefore, points to the idea of a designer. The classical argument for design has three premises, which lead to a conclusion. The universe has order, regularity and a purpose....   [tags: Papers] 605 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Argument Essay: Just Don't Do It! - The Argument Paper: Just Don't Do It.   English 101 is incredibly challenging and overwhelming to the typical college student. A narrative reflective essay, an expository essay, a novel, and the Nelson-Denny Reading Comprehension test are all crammed into ten weeks of backbreaking work. However, the most intolerable assignment of all has not even been mentioned yet: the argument paper. Students run around shrieking and cursing when they are handed the assignment. Most of them are enveloped by insanity during the writing process....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 607 words
(1.7 pages)
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Natural Selection and The Design Argument - The Design Argument is quite similar to The Cosmological Argument as it attempts to infer the existence of God, but instead of from the existence of the cosmos it is from a particular aspect or character of the world, namely the presence of order, regularity and purpose. Order, regularity and purpose are seen as marks of design, and the argument concludes that God must be the source of that design. There are various types of Design Arguments, with philosophers giving them different names but the two most well known are The Argument from Design and The Argument to Design....   [tags: Natural Selection Essays] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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An Argument for Same Sex Marriage - In a country where diversity is the key to success and freedom of speech and religion is seen as a motto, it is hard to believe that many Americans don’t follow what they preach. If America is the land of opportunity and diversity then why are so many same sex couples being shunned. If Americans support religious freedom, then the act of shunning same sex couples because their religious views don’t follow what most people believe should be put to an end. Based on this logic, society should accept these same sex couples instead of turning their backs on them in affairs dealing with adoption and marriage. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are...   [tags: religion, bias, adoption] 634 words
(1.8 pages)
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An Argument Against Animal Testing - There have been many attempts to validate the case against animal rights. It has been perceived that humans are separate beings from animals not only on a physical level, but also through rational autonomy and morality. There is a forgotten aspect in this argument though. Within society there are many people who do not have these qualities, including the mentally disabled and babies (Singer). This creates the assumption that to consider animals deficient of rights is to insinuate that the mentally disabled and babies are void of rights as well....   [tags: Rational Autonomy, Morality]
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637 words
(1.8 pages)
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An Argument For Animal Research - An Argument For Animal Research Medicine has come a very long way since the days when men used to puncture holes into the skull to release tension or evil spirits. In the last one hundred years, for the sake of humanity, numerous vaccinations have been developed, disease and disorders of all types have been prevented, surgical techniques have been advanced, drugs have been developed to cure ailments and the list continues endlessly. The progress that has been achieved in knowledge as well as safety in medical practice is correlated directly to animal research....   [tags: essays research papers] 638 words
(1.8 pages)
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Argument-based Homicide In Ame - Argument-based Homicide in America Feeling alienated by fellow classmates, two students at Columbine High School in Littleton, CO who referred to themselves as the Trench Coat Mafia went on a rampant killing spree which took the lives of themselves, twelve other students and one teacher (Obmascik 1). This incident caused an immediate plea for more socially responsible communities, assuming that greater moral values would curb the likelihood of these argument-related homicides. This relies on the notion that greater social organization will lead to a decrease in the rate of crime....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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639 words
(1.8 pages)
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Argument for UK to Convert to Euro - Argument for UK to Convert to Euro The case for Britain to join the Euro has many advantages and disadvantages. If the decision is to join the euro, it will be because the advantages will outweigh the problems and so joining will benefit the UK economy. A large advantage to joining the Euro is that there will be easier trade and may even increase trade as there will be a single currency within the European Union. Time and money will be saved as currency will not have to be converted when trading....   [tags: Persuasive Essays] 640 words
(1.8 pages)
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Analysis of Thrasymachus' Argument in The Republic - Thrasymachus has just stated, "Justice is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger", and is now, at the request of Socrates, clarifying his statement.<p> <i>"'Don't you know that some cities are ruled by tyranny, some by a democracy, and some by an aristocracy?' 'Of Course.' 'And in each city this element is stronger, namely, the ruler?' 'Certainly.' 'And each makes laws to its own advantage. Democracy makes democratic laws, tyranny makes tyrannical laws, and so on with the others. And they declare what they have made - what is to their own advantage - to be just for their subjects, and they punish anyone who goes against this as lawless and unjust....   [tags: Philosophy] 651 words
(1.9 pages)
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Neil Smith’s Argument of Gentrification - ... His defending argument to his theory is that contrary to this Eurocentric belief, his observations have shown that as the neoliberal state develops it moves from a position of regulation within the market to a masterful agent of the market. With this shift, Smith hypotisizes that liberal urban policy in cities are replaced with a new model of revanchist urbanism; this, in turn, expresses the vagarious shift to capitalist production rather than social reproduction. In a similarly responsive fashion, Florida’s argument is based on shifts of scoial consciousness that he has observed....   [tags: urban, economics, shift] 652 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Design Argument - The Design Argument The design argument has been argued by many philosophers over hundreds of years. The design argument suggests that the world displays elements of design, with things being adapted towards some overall end or purpose and such design suggests that the world is the work of a designer - God. Two of the main philosophers to argue this point were Aquinas and Paley but many others since have tried to back these up with there own approaches for example Swinburne with the argument from probability....   [tags: Papers] 658 words
(1.9 pages)
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Anselms Ontological Argument - As a theologian and philosopher, Saint Anselm strove to prove the existence of God in reality. The bulk of his argument is found in Chapter II of Proslogium. Anselm begins by defining God as &#8220;a being than which nothing greater can be conceived';. He continues by stating that &#8220;even a fool'; has the capacity to understand this definition of God and that whatever is understood exists in the understanding. Anselm now draws his first intermediate inference based on these initial premises; God must exist in the understanding, and is therefore a possible being....   [tags: essays research papers] 665 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Argument from Design by William Paley - William Paley’s, The Argument from Design, talks a great deal about a being coming across a watch and questioning why the watch was there and how the watch was created there. He stated that there must have been a creator to the watch. Everything that has a design has a creator and that how nobody had ever seen the creator at work as he crafts this piece of art altogether to the point of where everything is put in place and has a purpose, that if even one thing was out of place that the watch would not tick, or for that matter, never work at all....   [tags: teleological arguments] 673 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Argument of Evil for the Existence of God - The Argument of Evil for the Existence of God One of the major arguments proposed against the existence of God in contemporary western philosophy is the problem of evil. It is based upon the inability to reconcile the magnitude of evil in the world with the all-loving nature of God. John Hick describes the problem from the perspective of its proponent, "If God is perfectly loving, God must wish to abolish all evil; and if God is all-powerful, God must be able to abolish all evil. But evil exists; therefore God cannot be both omnipotent and perfectly loving." This thus causes difficulty for the Judeo-Christian-Islamic God who possess both qualities of being all-loving and omnipotent....   [tags: Papers] 677 words
(1.9 pages)
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Weak Arguments in Cosmological Argument by Thomas Aquinas - ... This means that the universe has not existed forever and there must have been something from which every single event stems. There must be an uncaused first cause, which Aquinas concluded to be God. The first cause is called the unmoved mover. The unmoved mover is what set all other events and beings in motion. The arguments made by Aquinas at first seem to be powerful. However, when examining and taking a closer look the arguments don’t seem to be as successful as they first appear and don’t necessarily prove the existence of God....   [tags: God, Existence, Philosophy] 680 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Ontological Argument - The Ontological Argument In Anselm's ontological argument he is trying to prove the existence of God, his argument is an argument purely based on the mind and does not require the moral agent to venture into the real of the senses. Ontology is to do with being, or what something is. Anselm's ontological argument concerns existence and whether it is an attribute of God in the same way omnipotence, omniscience and benevolence are believed to be. The argument is an a priori argument....   [tags: Philosophy Religion] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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Clarifying an Argument - Clarifying an Argument Sherry Turkle, a professor at MIT, current director of the MIT initiative on Technology and Self, in her 2007 “Can You Hear Me Now?” for Forbes Magazine, she addresses the topic of technology and discusses society’s growing attachment and alienation caused by it. Turkle wrote the article for an educated, older and business interested audience, there are references and terms that need clarification for most people. She discusses the Blackberry throughout the article, which is not concretely defined....   [tags: Article Analysis, Technology Effects]
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690 words
(2 pages)
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God The basis and structure towards the Design Argument is all about a creator and designer whom set things and planned everything to be the way it is today. Unlike the cosmological argument, the Design Argument is a lot simpler to understand and has simple steps towards it. The main point that the Design Argument claims is the fact that everything in nature seems to be put together in just the right manner suggests that an intelligent designer was responsible for its creation....   [tags: Papers] 691 words
(2 pages)
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The Argument of Sociology is Based on Relationships - Creating a good argument, this is an argument which will persuade the opposing side into accepting that the claim which was made, as well as the grounds of the claim, is different for each social science. It is usual for individuals to pull from their personal experiences, their views, morals, and interpretation of things when formulating an argument. The same goes for the various social sciences. Each social science approaches an argument in a different manner, and gives different aspects of an argument a higher regard....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 698 words
(2 pages)
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Argument Against a Ban on Boxing - Argument Against a Ban on Boxing The entertaining sport of boxing, an athletic event consisting of numerous health conflictions, has been receiving some heat from legal and medical advocates, yet “Some of the qualities that have open boxing to attack have, at the same time, been its salvation”(Sammons 235). Boxing, which has been in existence and evolved from other forms of fighting longer than this country has been established, is a skill, talent, an ambition, and for most professional fighters, a love....   [tags: Argumentative Essays, Persuasive Essays] 705 words
(2 pages)
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Moral Twin Earth Argument - My purpose in this essay is to explain and discuss the importance of the “moral twin earth” argument. This theory focuses on the argument first proposed by Hare, which states that in order to have a genuine moral disagreement there needs to be a common understanding of the concept in question. This theory holds importance because it openly refutes Cornell realism, which denies that moral terms, like ‘right’, are synonymous to any non-moral terms that may be part of the properties that ‘right’ picks out; the properties that are attached to moral terms, like ‘right’ are responsible for their usage....   [tags: theory, concept, realism, moral, practice]
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742 words
(2.1 pages)
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An Argument for the Use of Due - An Argument for the Use of Due Due to a lack of attention or understanding of English grammar, many Americans have, for several generations, used the adjective due as part of a prepositional phrase to introduce adverbial elements- to the disapproval of some strict grammarians. Although I prefer their prescription, for reasons of style, I must oppose their claim to correctness, on the pragmatic grounds of logic and sensibility. The most shakily grounded argument against the adverbial use is one of etiquette or style....   [tags: essays papers]
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760 words
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Argument Analysis - Declaration of Independence - Argument Analysis - Declaration of Independence In May of 1776 a resolution was passed at the Virginia Convention in Williamsburg that asked the thirteen American colonies to declare the United Colonies free and independent from the British crown. At the second continental congress the resolution passed and on June 11, 1776 a five-man committee led by Thomas Jefferson was established to write the Declaration of Independence. On July 4, 1776 the members of the second continental congress signed into existence one of the most influential documents in history....   [tags: Argument Analysis Declaration of Independence] 765 words
(2.2 pages)
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An Argument Against Gun Control - Argument Against Gun Control An Argument Against Gun Control As long ago as 1789, the creators of the Constitution realized the importance of guns in American society. The Second Amendment states,"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." No loopholes, or legal caches exist in this statement. The Founding Fathers allow for no restriction of the private ownership of firearms....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms] 774 words
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Richard Swinburne's Teleological Argument - Richard Swinburne's Teleological Argument Although explicated on many occasions and by many different authors, the teleological argument for the existence of God provides the best springboard from which to launch contemporary convictions of faith. In the revised edition of his earlier The Existence of God, Richard Swinburne constructs a solid outline that reveals the exact structure of the teleological argument. He presents both forms of the teleological argument , holds each under the light of skeptical review and then provides insight and defense that allows for careful philosophical review....   [tags: Papers] 775 words
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Euthanasia Argument - Euthanasia Argument Across the world there are many different laws dealing with the taking of another human's life. For instance powerful nations like America, China and Turkey all frequently impose the death penalty. The later two countries are condemned for this. No western governments speak out against America because of the U.S economic influence on us in Europe. Citizens of these countries tend to agree with these laws although their faiths are against it. The Christian churches worldwide teach that it is never acceptable to take another person's life in the following essay I will try to argue both points of view....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 781 words
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The Argument Against Uniforms in Schools - I don’t think children or teens should have to wear school uniforms. It deprives them of their freedom of speech. They should have the right to wear what they want when they want. The uniforms are degrading and appalling. Everything would be dull and boring if everyone looked the same and wore the same stuff. Whatever happened to our U.S. Constitution. Some kids become stressed out and could get depressed because they cannot choose what they can wear, In Our own country. The land of the free and the home of the brave and we can’t even choose what we wear....   [tags: Freedom of Speech, Socioeconomic Differences]
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794 words
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The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument - The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument began with Plato and ever since been defended and attacked by many great philosophers. One of the supporters was Leibniz. The cosmological argument is basically an argument about causation. Its major supporter was Thomas Aquinas though Gotfried Leibniz also put forward a simplified version of Aquinas's cosmological argument. The major critics of the argument have included David Hume and Bertrand Russell who question the basic principle that the argument works from....   [tags: Theology, Philosophy] 817 words
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John Searle's Chinese Room Argument - John Searle’s Chinese room argument from his work “Minds, Brains, and Programs” was a thought experiment against the premises of strong Artificial Intelligence (AI). The premises of conclude that something is of the strong AI nature if it can understand and it can explain how human understanding works. I will argue that the Chinese room argument successfully disproves the conclusion of strong AI, however, it does not provide an explanation of what understanding is which becomes problematic when creating a distinction between humans and machines....   [tags: artificial intelligence] 825 words
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Ethos, Pathos, and Logos - Strength of Argument: Ethos, Pathos, and Logos bell hooks’s essay, "Keeping Close to Home", uses three important components of argument (ethos, pathos, and logos) to support her claim. hooks develops her essay by establishing credibility with her audience, appealing to the reader’s logic, and stirring their emotions. She questions the role a university should play in the life of a nation, claiming that higher education should not tear a student away from his roots, but help him to build an education upon his background....   [tags: Argument] 831 words
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St. Thomas Aquinas' Cosmological Argument - Among the three arguments to prove God's existence, I find Aquinas's cosmological argument well-grounded in empirical evidence, and that the focus on simple facts proves acceptable in both historical and scientific dimensions. Aquinas starts by stating the preliminary matter that God's existence is not self-evident, and therefore we need to examine God's effects, which we are able to observe, to prove God's existence, although we are not able to understand God's nature perfectly. Aquinas provides five ways demonstrate the existence of a transcendent being through empirical evidence....   [tags: Existence of God] 836 words
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A Pro-Gay Marriage Argument - In the United States today, the divorce rate is at 50% throughout the nation. With promiscuity on the rise, and the effects of the ever dropping economy, marriage is no longer a priority to some. Still to others, overlooking the fact that many no longer see marriage as crucial, they are determined to save what they consider constitutes the model for marriage. For years, marriage opportunities for homosexuals has been an ongoing debate, and it still continues today. Many critics of the ordeal pose the argument that the allowance of same-sex unions would single-handedly demolish the already fragile structure of marriage (Head)....   [tags: Homosexuality, argumentative]
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Marijuana Use - A Persuasive Argument - Richard Lowry has been the editor of National Review since 1997. He joined the magazine’s staff in 1992 after graduating from the University of Virginia, where he edited a conservative monthly magazine called the Virginia Advocate. In 1994, he moved to Washington, D.C. to cover Congress. At 33, Rich Lowry is not what most people expect of the editor of the National Review. Lowry is constantly taking readers by surprise, presenting them with his humor, his depth of knowledge and his enthusiasm....   [tags: Argument Analysis Legal Marijuana] 853 words
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Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism - Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument - Creationism vs. Evolutionism Challenging the accepted order of society always brings a wave of criticism and contempt. In Ernst Mayr's One Long Argument, he aggressively brings to the forefront of debate the notion that his predecessors had heatedly argued for years, that man is not a divinely created creature, but rather just another animal in a state of constant change. Examining the path Charles Darwin, had followed in his attempt to better understand the evolutionary path of man, noted biologist Ernst Mayr explains Darwinian theory in respects to not only evolution but also in respect to the belief that man is somehow a creature made of a higher d...   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays] 853 words
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Ontological Argument Critique - The existence of God is a much debated philosophical argument that has mystified philosophers since the age of the ‘Enlightenment.’ Many of the different arguments put forth and analysed though, have not adequately proven God’s existence. Although in order to move forward, failed arguments must be studied to ensure that mistakes are not repeated. One such argument is the Ontological Argument. This argument was first recorded by St. Anslem (1033-1109). Descartes adapts this argument in the fifth meditation in ‘Meditations on First Philosophy.’ He first establishes that whenever he thinks about a triangle, there are certain properties that must be present in order for the form to be a triangle...   [tags: Philosophy ]
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853 words
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Argument Evaluation - By reading the articles, the debate questions addressed by both arguments are about the poly changes in national securities or homeland securities after the terrorist attack on Sept 11, 2001. The tragedy made all Americans afraid of their safety in flying an airplane and made them felt miserable when their friends had died on the attacked. It is very important that the US need to take measures to improve homeland securities to eliminate any possibilities from terrorist attack (terrorist threat) again....   [tags: essays research papers] 860 words
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An Argument for Farmers Needing Help - Agriculture is a tough field to enter. Farming is no ordinary profession, nor is it cheap. With farming, comes many risks - some even life threatening. As with any other profession, equipment is needed to perform the job effectively. In this field, the equipment is very costly. The prices of the equipment, chemicals, and seed are increasing whereas the prices of the crop are steady decreasing. How are farmers supposed to make a substantial income when the prices are overwhelming. Can the government not allow a set income for farmers each year, in addition to their profit....   [tags: essays research papers] 865 words
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Process Essay - How to Win an Argument - Process Essay - How to Win an Argument To win an argument one must keep in mind the following factors: Is the argument worth fighting. Do you have the proper background to win the argument. Who is your opponent. And finally, do I have the proper argumentative behavior. Before getting involved in an argument, you must decide whether or not it is even worth fighting. Does the subject at hand have any interest to you, does it make a difference if you win or lose. An argument about Jackie Gleson's weight at death, or the amount of torque output in a 1976 Ford Pinto, probably doesn't make much difference to anyone and isn't very interesting....   [tags: Expository Process Essays] 868 words
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Craig's Argument for the Existence of God - Craig/Kalam’s Cosmological Argument One of the most argued topics throughout human history is whether or not God exists. It is argued frequently because there are several different reasonings and sub arguments in this main argument. People who believe God exists argue how God acts and whether there is one or several. People who do not believe God exists argue how the universe became into existence or if it has just always existed. In this paper, I will describe Craig's argument for the existence of God and defend Craig's argument....   [tags: cosmological arguments]
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Argument For Capital Punishment - This essay will be discussing whether the death penalty is wrong. I will be arguing in favor of capital punishment and will be presenting several arguments to back up my position. First, an understanding of what the death penalty is and why it is used currently needs to be established. The death penalty has been around almost as long as humans have. It is a form of punishment that is a deterrent for other criminals. Also, capital punishment is a way to prevent the criminal being put to death from committing any further crimes....   [tags: Pro Death Penalty Essays]
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Argument in the Apology - The main argument in The Apology by famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher Socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society. In his words Socrates quoted the prosecution’s accusation against him: “Socrates is guilty of corrupting the minds of the young, and of believing in supernatural things of his own invention instead of the gods recognized by the state.” 1 Further Socrates consistently introduces tediously compiled number of examples to provide valid and sound arguments to prove that he is innocent of the charges brought up against him to the court....   [tags: Plato Socrates] 881 words
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Descartes’ Cogito Argument Successfully Shows the Evil Demon Argument is Unsound - ... This Cogito argument is also seen as the foundation of his meditations. Descartes’ plan to demolish all of his beliefs seemed to have worked according to him; he was left with only his beliefs and no knowledge. In order to gain knowledge Descartes started to philosophize about what thought was and where it came from since he had doubt in the evil demon argument. Descartes then brought the ‘Cogito ergo sum’ (I think, therefore I am) argument forward. This argument is thought of as one of the best arguments in modern philosophy because it adheres to philosophical principals of validity and soundness (Chapman D., 2014)....   [tags: religion, meditations, beliefs ] 900 words
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Argument Against Standardized Testing - Argument Against Standardized Testing President Bush is promoting annual standardized testing for all students in grades three through eight. This bill is currently being considered in Congress, and has garnered much support. As of right now, 15 states test students in those grades, and more than 20 have high school exit exams, which look only at the test score of a student, not at his or her academic achievements. Standardized testing is an unfair and inaccurate form of judging a person’s intellect....   [tags: Standardized Testing Essays] 903 words
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The Chinese Room Argument - John Searle formulated the Chinese Room Argument in the early 80’s as an attempt to prove that computers are not cognitive operating systems. In short though the immergence of artificial and computational systems has rapidly increased the infinite possibility of knowledge, Searle uses the Chinese room argument to shown that computers are not cognitively independent. John Searle developed two areas of thought concerning the independent cognition of computers. These ideas included the definition of a weak AI and a strong AI....   [tags: Computer Science]
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Descartes’ Divisibity Argument - Descartes’ argues that the mind and body are two separate entities. The body occupies space, and so it is always divisible, while the mind is made up of thoughts that are immaterial and cannot be divided, thus it is indivisible. Using the idea behind Leibniz’s Law, “different properties, different things”, Descartes’ begins to construct his argument for the reasons he believes that the mind and body are completely different things. I will go over the reason he thinks the body can be divided, while the mind cannot....   [tags: mind, body, space, motion]
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God While theology may take God's existence as absolutely necessary on the basis of authority, faith, or discovery, many philosophers have thought it possible to demonstrate by reason that there must be a God. The teleological argument, also known as the argument from design quite simply states that a designer must exist since the universe and living things display elements of design in their order, consistency, unity and pattern. The argument says that things in the world move towards goals, just as the arrow does not move toward its goal except by the archer's directing it....   [tags: Papers] 917 words
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Ethics Argument Essay - ... (Gladwell, 1) Conversely, if you look at the world of professional cycling, or narrow the scope even more to Lance Armstrong, who blood doped in order to achieve the same enhancement (engineered enhancement) the defined rules of sports, as well as the law, are clearly violated. Daniel Bonevac in his article, “First Principles” explains that people, “have a moral sense that leads us to act by generating feelings of approval or disapproval” as the result of their decision (when applying it to the model- “when is it acceptable to allow for Human Enhancement”)- would be based on a clear right and wrong basis....   [tags: philosophical analysis] 918 words
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Argument Paper on Abusive Families - The decision of whether a child should be removed from the home where the father has repeatedly beaten the mother, the child witnessing these offenses; however, the father never abusing the child is argumentative. In my perspective, the child should be removed immediately from the household where there is any domestic violence taking place regardless if the child is involved or not. Parents are supposed to support their child, ensuring the safety of their child in their happy, safe, loving environment at home....   [tags: father, child, abuse, emotion] 924 words
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Argument for Capital Punishment - Argument for Capital Punishment If it were up to me, every murderer in this country would be put behind bars on death row and have their life taken from them just as they took the life of another. The guidelines of " an eye for an eye" go back thousands of years. Many countries still hold true to these guidelines. Although America doesn't follow the same as these countries, I believe when it comes to murder, they should. Putting people to death for committing murder makes other potential murderers think twice about killing someone....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Capital Punishment ] 944 words
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An Argument for the Smoking Ban - Have you ever been in a restaurant eating your favorite food, then just when you are about to take a bite, you inhale a cloud of smoke coming from the nearby smoking section. This has been a complaint from many non-smoking restaurant goers. While it is true that smoking cigarettes and breathing them in causes many health problems, is it fair to of take the freedom those Americans who want to smoke and enjoy their meal. This topic is very debatable and in many cases has reached compromises, but I would stand by the argument that smoking should be banned from all public areas because the unfiltered smoke is getting into the lungs of bystanders who do not smoke, and causing some major...   [tags: argumentative, persuasive, argument]
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Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument - Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument Aquinas's 3rd way suggests that the world consists of contingent beings. As all contingent beings have a cause, namely another contingent being, there must have been a time when nothing existed, (unless contingent beings exist as a brute fact). Therefore, contingent beings could not have come into existence unless there is a necessary being which is non- contingent that caused them. Aquinas named this being God. The problem with Aquinas's view is that as physicians have suggested matter is eternal and therefore a necessary being is not required to cause contingent beings....   [tags: Papers] 955 words
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St. Anselm's Ontological Argument - It is important to show why the topic you are discussing is important, especially if there are other topics that could be studied in place of the one you are discussing. In this case, the discussion is on Saint Anselm and his Ontological Argument. There have been other arguments made before Saint Anselm on God's existence, and the first paragraph will show why it is important to study this particular argument. Then the argument itself is given and discussed. And just like most arguments in the field of philosophy, the Ontological Argument has an objection....   [tags: Philosophy] 959 words
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Argument in an Essay - Argument can be defined as claim or thesis statement. The aim of an argument is to convince audience. It is essential to make sound argument so that audience could engage in and align with the author’s view. Therefore, one of the key elements could be identified as the awareness of audience. Another key element is evidence. In order to persuade audience, argument should be consolidated through evidence and authority. The credibility of author and argument could be enhanced by means of using evidence and referring to authorities....   [tags: Education, College, Thesis] 963 words
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The Argument of Dualism - In my mind, dualism is a more attractive view to take when considering the mind-brain issue. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the central point of dualism. One reason it appeals to me is because of my religion, my Catholic upbringing. Introspection is another good reason why dualism is a little more logical to me than materialism.. It logically explains why the mind and brain are separate. Also, the divisibility argument raises good points to allow dualism to appear to be the more attractive idea in my eyes....   [tags: Dualism Essays] 963 words
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An Argument Against Gun Control - Should the mere fact that criminals committing crimes with the use of guns infringe the national right of the innocent to possess guns. This is a question that arouses everywhere and no matter which way it is viewed the controversy will always go on. "A gun is a mere tool that can be used for good or evil. Our country is based on the belief that man is good until he or she is proven to be otherwise."(Harris p.2) This means that only a few people are committing crimes with uses of guns and why completely remove them from society....   [tags: Argument Against Gun Control]
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The Ontological Argument Presented by Descartes and the Cosmological Argument Presented by Aquinas - The Ontological Argument Presented by Descartes and the Cosmological Argument Presented by Aquinas Descartes, often called the father of modern philosophy, developed Anselm’s argument, in attempting to prove God’s existence from simply the meaning of the word ‘God’. The ontological argument is a priori argument, such arguments use logic to prove an initial definition to be correct. The basis of these arguments depends upon one’s understanding of the nature of God. Anselm’s definition of God being “a supremely perfect being”, is the basis of his argument....   [tags: Papers] 965 words
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The Invalidity of the Cosmological Argument - ... These ways have started philosophers to debate and question his arguments ultimately made the cosmological argument debatable. The cosmological argument is however not a valid argument in explaining the existence of god because the conclusions do not logically follow the premises. The main point in the cosmological argument is the first cause. As stated (by Aquinas) the world cannot be infinite and must have an initial cause, known as god. This was Aquinas’ second way, efficient causes. Aquinas’s used physical observations on Earth to come up with his theory, nothing can being itself into existence....   [tags: god, universe, fallacy] 975 words
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The Physician-Assisted Suicide Argument - A policeman witnesses a man trapped underneath a burning truck. Desperate and in pain, the man asks the policeman to shoot him and save him the pain of dying a slow and insufferable death. As a result, he shoots. The policeman’s dilemma is commonly referenced in support of physician-assisted-suicide, or PAS. Euthanasia and assisted suicide are interchangeable terms which both lead to the death of an individual. Voluntary PAS is a medical professional, usually a physician, who provides medication or other procedures with the intention of ending the patient’s life....   [tags: Establishment Clause, Self Determination]
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The Cosmological Argument is Self-contradictory - The Cosmological Argument, also known as the First Cause Argument, is one of the most important arguments for the existence of God, not only because it is one of the more convincing, but also because it is one of the most used. The thought that everything that happens must have a cause and that the first cause of everything must have been God, is widespread. The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence....   [tags: Philosophy Religion First Cause Argument] 981 words
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Anselm's Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - Anselm’s ontological argument was presented in chapter two of Anselm’s Proslogion. The actual argument is as follow: (1) If God exists only in understanding, then we can think of a being greater than God. (2) We can’t think of a being greater than God. (3) Therefore not the case that God only exists in the understanding. (4) Either God exists in reality or God exists in the understanding. (5) Therefore God exist in reality (conclusion). To put this argument in conclusion argument form it would look like this: 1. If P then Q 2. Not Q 3. Not P 4. R or P 5. Therefore R This argument is in modus tollen form, so since it is modus tollen it is valid....   [tags: religion, theology] 986 words
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Using Crisis as a Tool for Argument - 1) A synopsis of the argument crisis What are we going to do. It is a main topic of the chapter. The book shows us a few essays to relate to crisis. That is about the nature of crisis or college education or the relationship between two countries. They introduced to us why we have to use crisis for the argument, because it is one way to learn how to develop argument. When we get in the crisis situation, we can illustrate many different sides, and one of them will be most persuasive argument leads the direction of the argument....   [tags: Persuasion Argument] 988 words
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Argument Communities - Argument Communities Arguments can be made anywhere we want them to be made. We can look at some of these arguments that we are making by examining the communities we use to make them in. Perceived in terms of context, argument is discussed in terms of the “audience” to whom it is addressed or in terms of the “community,” “field” or “sphere” in which it takes place. (McKerrow, p.27) By looking at a professional sports event I will address the audience and the community to explain the argument that is taking place....   [tags: Papers] 990 words
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The Bachelor’s Argument - Dan Moller defends the argument he calls “the bachelor’s argument,” which is an “argument against marriage.” By pointing out how not everyone that gets married is not guaranteed a happy, and prosperous out come; such as a happy and loving marriage. If we were follow through with the bachelor’s argument as if it was a set standard set in stone, not giving marriage a chance could possibly lead to neglect of one finding true love because they never got a chance to marry the person they thought they would love and could have a lasting relationship....   [tags: Relationships] 990 words
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The Bachelor's Argument - Dan Moller defends the argument he calls “the bachelor’s argument,” which is an “argument against marriage.” By pointing out how not everyone that gets married isn’t guaranteed a happy and successful out come, such as a happy and loving marriage. If we were follow through with the bachelor’s argument as if it was set standard set in stone, not giving marriage a chance could possibly lead to the lose of one finding true because they never got a chance to marry the person they thought they’d love and could have lasting relationship....   [tags: Relationships] 991 words
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Argument on Public Opinion - The maxim above denotes the basis for human society. Prior to the social institution of public opinion, communal living was non-existent. With its gradual inception over time, some semblance of order and society emerged. But considering Rousseau's famous utterance that man is born free but everywhere he is in "chains", humans are now subjected and do not have absolute freedom in a broad sense. In the United States, public opinion is usually taken into consideration and is not completely taken into account....   [tags: Media ]
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