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Nokia Finance Department - Nokia Finance Department Finance department The finance department is responsible for razing the money so that the business can survive or expand. It can do this by a judicious mixture of borrowing, going to the shareholders, reducing costs and managing to increase process marginally. Sources of finance * Tax refunds * Bank * Mortgage * Private loans * Credit cards * Shares * Grants * Overdrafts * Personal investments * Borrowing * Savings * Windfalls The department must record all financial transactions, it must be involved in costing and advise on pricing, and it prepares and arranges for the...   [tags: Papers] 537 words
(1.5 pages)
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Campaign Finance Reform - Campaign Finance Reform Campaign finance issues are complicated in the United States by the fact that the funding sources of the Republican and Democratic parties differ so sharply. As a result, any reforms intended to affect one kind of funding are likely to adversely and disproportionately affect one of the two parties. Furthermore, while most issues on which elected officials decide concern benefits for constituents. Campaign finance reform involves changing an institution that benefits those who make the legislative choices....   [tags: Papers] 452 words
(1.3 pages)
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Campaign Finance Issues - GENERAL BACKGROUND INFORMATION We are not a democracy, yet we do have a voice in our own government. Elections are the choice microphones for many citizens. There on Election Day, they have the right of making their voices heard; however, many interest groups and a few individuals seem to have a louder voice due to campaign financing: No U.S. official should be beholden to one or a few groups. And no group or individual should have a greater claim on our elected leaders than any other. That’s the way it should work....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 4 Works Cited
2156 words
(6.2 pages)
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Campaign Finance Reform - Campaign Finance Reform With the introduction of “soft” money in politics, elections no longer go to the best candidate, but simply to the richer one. Soft money is defined as unregulated money that is given to the political parties that ends up being used by candidates in an election. In last year’s elections, the Republican and Democratic parties raised more than one-half of a billion dollars in soft money. Current politicians are pushing the envelope farther than any previous administrations when it comes to finding loopholes in the legal system for campaign fundraising....   [tags: Papers] 1272 words
(3.6 pages)
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Finance, Cash Flow and Insolvency Report - Finance, Cash Flow and Insolvency Report Background Information on Owensport Owensport a sole trader intends to setup a business manufacturing a new style of multi-gym in the Reading area. Here are the following fixed assets that he will require to run his business: * Premises * Machinery * Equipment (Office) * Vehicle Working capital * Labour * Spare Parts * Telephone * Stock * Lighting/heating/electric How to pay for the assets For Owensport to purchase his fix assets he should looking init two terms of finance, medium term finance is any thing from borrow money from 1-5 years....   [tags: Papers] 2757 words
(7.9 pages)
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Campaign Finance Reform and the Necessity of Democracy - Campaign Finance Reform and the Necessity of Democracy One of the major notions of the American system of government is that it is a government by the people, for the people. The system is supposed to take into account the opinions and desires off all those who fall under its jurisdiction. This is said to be accomplished by a representative democracy, where citizens elect one of there own to speak for the group (Hastings, 04). Therefore, it is reasonable to infer that any eligible man or woman, under constitutional mandate, should be able to run for and win any office in the American government with no unfair advantages given to one candidate over another....   [tags: Papers] 1490 words
(4.3 pages)
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Riordan Manufacturing Accounting And Finance Review - Riordan Manufacturing Accounting and Finance Review The Finance and Accounting departments within the three operating entities of Riordan Manufacturing are vastly different. Each is managed independently, not only of each other but of the corporation sector as well. The Georgia, Michigan and California branches operate different business systems for their ledgers, accounts, orders, procurement, sales history, invoicing, payroll and all financial reporting. The process to get this information is unique from branch to branch and time consuming for corporate when it comes to consolidation....   [tags: Business Analysis] 712 words
(2 pages)
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Obtaining Start-Up Finance for a Business - Obtaining Start-Up Finance for a Business This essay is an advise for Mr. Miyako on obtaining start-up finance for a business. Mr. Miyako wants to open a new Japanese restaurant. A suitable location has been selected in the suburban city of Sheffield, South Yorkshire of the United Kingdom, directly in opposite of the train station, with many bus stops in the vicinity. This place is near the Peak district, which is a nature reserve. In the weekends and in holidays the Peak district is visited by lots of people from the city of Sheffield and Manchester....   [tags: Papers] 1121 words
(3.2 pages)
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Determinants of Financing Choice of Listed Firms the Nigeria Experience - CHAPTER 1 1.0 Introduction The discussion on how firms raise capital with regards to instruments used to finance investment decisions have generated a lot of academic debate amongst scholar’s in finance in recent past with scholar’s examining plausible reason why listed firms raise capital through primary listing, secondary listing or issuing debt using different combinations of instruments such ordinary equity, debt, hybrid securities such as preference shares, convertible and warrant debt etc....   [tags: Finance ] 2447 words
(7 pages)
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Critically assess the Pecking Order Theory of Capital Structure - There is no universal theory of the debt-equity choice, and no reason to expect one. In this essay I will critically assess the Pecking Order Theory of capital structure with reference and comparison of publicly listed companies. The pecking order theory says that the firm will borrow, rather than issuing equity, when internal cash flow is not sufficient to fund capital expenditures. This theory explains why firms prefer internal rather than external financing which is due to adverse selection, asymmetry of information, and agency costs (Frank & Goyal, 2003)....   [tags: Finance]
:: 11 Works Cited
1779 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Functions of the Securities Firms and Investment Banks in Saudi Arabia and the United States - Introduction: In line with the globalisation of the financial market worldwide, in this project paper the issue of the functions of the securities firms and investment banks in Saudi Arabia and the functions of the securities firms and investment banks in United States of America will be discussed in detail. Definition of investment bank: Investment bank can be referred to as an organization or institution founded and united for the purposes that specifically involves fiscal matters. They also act as an assistant in a subordinate or supportive function for large company or group of businesses, recognized in law and acting as single entity, and the organization that is the governing authorit...   [tags: Finance] 1536 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Ascent of Money Has Lead to the Ascent of Man - “The ascent of money has lead to the ascent of man.” The greatest question many have sought to answer is the creation vs. evolution debate. How did we get here. Were we created or did we evolve randomly. Are we the product of purposeful intelligence or are we the result of countless mistakes. Does it even matter. The story of money is similar to the story of humanity. Was money created or did it evolve. If it was created we can assume it will die. If money evolved then we can assume the future is unknown....   [tags: Finance]
:: 3 Works Cited
1287 words
(3.7 pages)
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Documenting the Process to Record Equity in Financial Statements - This narrative is to document the process to record equity in the financial statements. Gibson Energy ULC currently is not a publicly traded corporation and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Gibson Energy Holding ULC who is an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of R/C Guitar Cooperatief U.A., a Dutch co-op owned by investment funds affiliated with Riverstone Holdings LLC. As a result, the risks associated with recording share activity is low due to limited transactions and the process to record Share Capital is covered under the sub-process ‘Journal Entries’ documented in the Corporate Reporting Process Narrative....   [tags: Finance] 1038 words
(3 pages)
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Awarness of Islamic Banking Culture in Pakistan - Published information about principles of Islamic banking and finance and their applications is growing day by day. Pakistan is one of the 57 Islamic countries having a total population of over 170 million where majority of population practice Islam. Steps for Islamization of banking in Pakistan were initialized during 1977-78. Elimination of interest from the operations of specialized financial institutions took place in 1979 and from commercial banks during 1981-85. Commercial banks in Pakistan were cased to accept any interest baring deposits and all deposits were treated on the basis of profit and loss sharing since 1985....   [tags: Finance ]
:: 18 Works Cited
3308 words
(9.5 pages)
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Domestic and International Sources of Financing - Domestic and International Sources of Financing There are several private and public sectors that offer financial assistance for global business enterprise. Denim Trends will enlist financial professionals that understand global business and Denim Trends operations. Hiring financial professionals with a good understanding and knowledge of domestic and international financing will assist Denim Trends in dealing with organizational risk. Denim Trends will design a presentation and convene with potential investors to demonstrate how Denim Trends can improve Puerto Rico’s economy....   [tags: Finance ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1188 words
(3.4 pages)
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Fair Value Accounting and Financial Crisis - 5. Fundamental reason for the failure of the financial systems and economic recession a. Specific government actions & intervention – Excessive money policy Current monetary policy contributed in a certain extent to the failure of financial systems and economic recession. For example, U.S. monetary policy since 2002 was too expansionary (Taylor 2009) and was a major culprit to the crisis (Jeroen 2010). The policy makers was also lack of accountability that fail to encourage optimism about the reforming the policy process itself (Adrian & Atkinson 2009)....   [tags: Finance ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1024 words
(2.9 pages)
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Beyond The Capital Asset Pricing Model - The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) introduced by Jack Treynor, William Sharpe, John Lintner and Jan Mossin in 1972[2]is an important method to predict the risk and return in assets. Nowadays, the CAPM is still widely used in applications as it is a so simple and attractive tool. However it has the problems in many circumstances and we need some other extended and available models to evaluate the risk and return of assets. We know that CAPM is a model used to price an individual security or portfolio under many strict assumptions....   [tags: Finance]
:: 10 Works Cited
1468 words
(4.2 pages)
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Venture Capitalism in Eastern Europe - Beginning with the work of researchers as Jaffee and Russell (1976) and Stiglitz and Weiss (1981), the arguments in favour of existing market imperfections that cause difficulty for firms to obtain external financial resources in addition to the internal ones, representing the main constraint on investment decisions, have gained a special attention in the literature. The firms involved in technological innovation may be the most affected by the financial market imperfections that characterize also bank financing (Carpenter and Petersen, 2002)....   [tags: Finance]
:: 28 Works Cited
2364 words
(6.8 pages)
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Index Funds and Mutual Funds - Personal finance and investing is just that: it's personal. From the day the first shares are bought, for the individual who surmises it's undertaking, the decisions made today will have everlasting impacts on not only the distant future of the investor but the investor's family for generations to come. Combine this with current uncertainty in the stock markets, housing markets and economy and you have effectively driven a wedge between the investor, his income and his family at large. Statistics abound in reference to how poorly managed the majority of American's finances are and it's no wonder with the abundance of securities that are available in today's markets....   [tags: Finance]
:: 4 Works Cited
970 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Tests for Market Efficiency - During the 20th century, academic financial economists extensively accepted the efficient market hypothesis. Almost everyone was alleged that stock markets and securities market are highly efficient in response to any new information in the market. It was argued that when information regarding factors influencing market arises, the information spread like wild fire in the market and the prices of stocks adjust accordingly without any delay. This means that neither the fundamental analysis related to analysis of financial information of the company such as earnings, capital stock etc nor the technical analysis related to the analysis of historical performance of the stocks of the company enab...   [tags: Finance]
:: 30 Works Cited
1863 words
(5.3 pages)
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Liquidity Financial Ratio Review Exercise - Liquidity Financial Ratio Review Exercise Understanding the meaning of financial ratios is imperative to different stakeholders both within and outside of a company. Management reviews different ratios to measure how effective the strategies used to run the business are within a given time period. Money Managers and other types of investors use ratios to determine investment strategies in different types of companies. The use of the ratios helps give a consistent look at different types of businesses whether large or small and determine profitability and return on equity....   [tags: Finance]
:: 5 Works Cited
1275 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Efficient Market Hypothesis - 1. INTRODUCTION The efficient market, as one of the pillars of neoclassical finance, asserts that financial markets are efficient on information. The efficient market hypothesis suggests that there is no trading system based on currently available information that could be expected to generate excess risk-adjusted returns consistently as this information is already reflected in current prices. However, EMH has been the most controversial subject of research in the fields of financial economics during the last 40 years....   [tags: Finance]
:: 16 Works Cited
1830 words
(5.2 pages)
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Local Public Financial Management - Local Public Financial Management The local public financial management is a branch of economics that involves the collection of sufficient resources from the local and public sections in a particular economies or country (Shah, 2007). The internal control of these resources is their effective and efficient management through their allocation to ensure acceptable incomes by the people and stability of the local and public economies in a given city like Verdemont (Matthew, 2008). The local government of such city should ensure its internal control is effectively enhanced to ensure the cities activities have effective administration and design approaches especially on finance projects in the...   [tags: Finance]
:: 3 Works Cited
951 words
(2.7 pages)
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Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu: A Comparative Study in Micro-Finance - (In the following sections we would review the existing literature in this field. Then we would proceed to explain our research methodology that we adopt in order to explain the growth of microfinance in the country and bring out the a comparative study of the growth of microfinance in the two states of Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.) Literature Review- Studies analyzing the Micro Financing in India- Micro finance has been a field which has attracted a lot of research work. A review of the major research works of economists and sociologists provide us with interesting insights on issues related to microfinance....   [tags: Economy, development, India]
:: 17 Works Cited
1688 words
(4.8 pages)
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Funding for New Firm - There are several ways a business can obtain needed financing. One way is to get loans from banks or investors. Another is to sell partial ownership in the company in the form of stocks. While yet another ways is to license the use of a product or technology. A management decision needs to be made as to which form of financing best suits the firm and product. Once the decision is made the possible pros and cons should be analyzed as well as alterative to the chosen financial decision. Funding being the most important and necessary part of starting a new business, the use of financial management is imperative....   [tags: Finance]
:: 3 Works Cited
837 words
(2.4 pages)
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How the Merchants of Venice Created Modern Finance by Jane G. White - How the Merchants of Venice Created Modern Finance, Jane Gleeson-White explores the development of double-entry accounting from its ancient roots up to its impacts on modern day society. She shows that the effects of double-entry accounting are widespread and encompass almost every aspect of life, not just those involving accounting and finance. Gleeson-White delves into topics ranging from the economic system of capitalism to environmental degradation. She even includes a brief psychology discussion comparing corporations to psychopaths....   [tags: double entry accounting, capitalism]
:: 1 Works Cited
1138 words
(3.3 pages)
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Predicting Stock Market Return - Stocks are classified as the part of company’s ownership. Once individuals purchase stocks they are buying the venture in the company’s assets of earning. Many large companies needs fund to expand, therefore they sell their ownership in forms of stock. The more stocks bought by individuals the more ownership owned in the company. One of the main advantages in this investment is the limited liability, if goes bankrupt you are not liable for any loss. Moreover, stocks associate with risks and rewards (Amadeo, 2011)....   [tags: Finance]
:: 5 Works Cited
2102 words
(6 pages)
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Capital Asset Pricing Model - Finance is very essential sector in all kind of organization to be successful. It contains many financial theories which have been developed throw the years depends on special circumstances such as time, money, demand and supply. One of the important financial theories' is the capital asset pricing model which gives the investor individuals or companies the ability to be more realistic in their investments by taking market risk into consideration. This paper will explain what the capital asset pricing model is, then it will descript the CAPM theoretical underpinning and it will conclude with evaluating the CAPM....   [tags: Finance ]
:: 2 Works Cited
954 words
(2.7 pages)
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Finance for the Youth - In a Business Week article, Mr. Ben Steverman discuses issues facing today’s youth. The article is titles “Advice for Young Investors.” The article discuses two individuals who are 22 years of age, both are just beginning their careers. One individual is attempting to pay off student loans quickly and then save money to travel. The other individual is attempting to purchase real estate and invest within the market. Mr. Steverman discusses ten important factors for which young investors need to consider when approaching the market....   [tags: Cash, Buying a Home, Equities, Savings]
:: 1 Works Cited
1263 words
(3.6 pages)
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A Closer Look Into the Major Sources of Finance Avaliable to Business - A Closer Look Into the Major Sources of Finance Avaliable to Business In this assignment I am going to describe the major sources of finance available to businesses, and also give the advantages and disadvantages of each of the source. Before explaining the major sources of finance available to business, advantages and disadvantages, I am going to list or give the type of sources of finance available to organisation and also tell you the reason why business need finance. Sources of finance available to business Overdraft: This is when the customer borrows from the bank by taking out more money than they have in their bank or When the amount of money withdrawn...   [tags: Papers] 1529 words
(4.4 pages)
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A Case Study of the International Finance Corporation in Nigeria - IFC Mission- ‘To promote sustainable private sector investment in developing countries.’ “The World Bank’s role, in my opinion, is to help improve the business environment in the developing countries so that the private sector can drive growth.”- Mr. Peter Woicke, Executive Vice President of the World Bank Group (WBG) in charge of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) - Lagos, August 2004. At the time Mr. Woicke was speaking, IFC involvement in Nigeria had reached $200million in investment commitments, a figure quickly surpassed in less than a year from that date (as at June 2005, IFC investment in Nigeria was to the tune of $290million)....   [tags: Economics Business Case Study Essays] 4147 words
(11.8 pages)
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Foreign Direct Investment - For growing economies, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has momentous advantages over equity and debt capital flows. Most of the foreign firms that start their conduct of business in other countries, they not only come with capital but transfer modern technology, promote human capital by training the host country’s employees according to the change of technology to those countries, and this is the key for the development of the host country. According to author Direct Investment replicates aspire of acquiring an enduring awareness by an inhabitant body of one economy that is the direct investor in a venture that is occupier in another economy which is called the direct investment enterprise....   [tags: Finance] 1576 words
(4.5 pages)
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Student Bank Loans? - Most of the students are always eager to go to the last stage of their educational program and attain the highest degree. This is also very important for their professional lives too. The students need to make sure that they have attained the good results or, good marks in their examinations. But, these are always like dream for the students having less financial abilities as the higher education needs you to have some money for managing the academic expenses. This becomes really impossible to carry out the personal expenses even if a student manages the academic expenses....   [tags: Finance] 583 words
(1.7 pages)
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Finance and Accounting - Demand and Supply Demand and Supply are two crucial elements of a business’ success. Demand is the amount of the product/service that is required to meet need. Supply, is the amount of a product/service that is available to fulfill that need (at a specified price). As the service offered by the business is one of luxury, the amount demanded by customers will be highly influenced by the economic state. Therefore the main factor that will affect demand for it is price i.e. ticket, food and merchandise prices....   [tags: Economy, demand and supply]
:: 9 Works Cited
1923 words
(5.5 pages)
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The Misconceptions of Hope in Economics and Finance: A Hidden Message of Hope for the Little Fish of a Brighter Economic Future - The cover of this issue of The Economist depicts one of the greatest misconceptions I have encountered regarding economics and finance in my professional career as quantitative analyst as well as in my personal pursuits regarding the subject matter. “Hope” for a brighter economic future is depicted as a center piece of “White Light”, whereas the politicians that the world population of “Little Fish” looks to for answers are far removed in the top right hand corner. The manner in which The Economist is laid out, with the various illustrations surrounding the “White Light” allow me the opportunity to discuss the lack of knowledge relating to spirituality in economics and its involve...   [tags: Economics ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1560 words
(4.5 pages)
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Creating Financial Security for College Students/Graduates - Creating Financial Security for College Students/Graduates          One of the biggest problems facing students today, is the fact that there is no real financial security after earning a degree. Many students find that the little amount of financial aid available, is not satisfactory to provide a stable source of payment for tuition. This is exaggerated by an exorbitant cost of the ever rising education costs. The facts are, it is expensive to get a higher education, and there is little alternative to receiving a degree....   [tags: Finance]
:: 13 Works Cited
3229 words
(9.2 pages)
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Finance - INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to examine if “Currency Hedging at firm level adds share-holder values”. A lot of papers have been written based on this sentence and there are many opinions that have been vented through of these researches. In a perfect world, according to Modigliani and Miller theorem, there is no reason to hedge because hedging does not add value to the firm. So, when there is not asymmetric information, taxes and transaction cost risk management is irrelevant to firms....   [tags: Foreign Currency, Hedging, Foreign Exchange] 1379 words
(3.9 pages)
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How is Technology Enabling Banks to Implement Financial Inclusion in India? - India is the second most populous country in the world with over 1.21 billion people, a staggering number that constitutes over 1/6th of the words populations. India is projected to surpass China by the year of 2050 with a population estimated to be 1.6 billion. A dominating proportion of India’s population constitutes of more than 700 million people who live in the rural areas of India far from the glamour of the city lights. These people are the hardworking farmers, the backbone of India who are ironically, underserviced and ignored....   [tags: Finance] 1722 words
(4.9 pages)
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Teaching Our Children to Make Good Financial Choices - Though the concept of the “American Dream” varies from person to person as well as location, most collectively think of it as a happy nuclear family, complete with a house in the suburbs, white picket fences, a tire swing in the front yard, front porch swing, and a dog bouncing about (Calder, 1999, p. 3). So what does it take to acquire this dream one may ask. The answer may seem simple, but rather is the product of years of credit and debit management, defined by the ever illusive credit score and intertwined with financial success, and hard work....   [tags: Finance ]
:: 13 Works Cited
1696 words
(4.8 pages)
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A Safer Approach to Retirement Planning - Planning for retirement should not be based on Social Security alone, but rather, by saving portions of personal earned wages and putting finances into long-term investments. Depending on Social Security as the only income after retiring is a lazier and undependable way to prepare for retirement. People who contribute to Social Security are mandatorily putting money into the Social Security Reserve; the money is used for older generations that will file for these benefits before the younger people working in the early 21 century even receive the chance....   [tags: Finance]
:: 2 Works Cited
962 words
(2.7 pages)
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Credit Card Debt Among College Students - The explosion of credit card use among college students has woven itself into the fabric of campus life ultimately impacting how students interact and begin in the financial industry. As students gain more freedom away from home they often begin to experience various social changes. One area in particular that is cause for concern is the number of students incurring credit card debt. Due to growth in credit card usage and the rise of debt, the ideas discussed in this paper represent the growing need to evaluate credit card company solicitation efforts aimed at students and how to begin negotiation to amend these practices....   [tags: Finance]
:: 8 Works Cited
2354 words
(6.7 pages)
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Capital Budgeting - Some of the commonly used budgets include; (a) the operating budget, (b) the cash budget, (c) the operating budget, and (d) the capital budgeting (Buchbinder & Shanks,2007,p.226). Capital budgeting is the most expensive in contrast to the other budgets because the operating costs goes beyond the traditional calendar or annual budget. The capital budget is the most challenging for CEO’s to use as a control mechanisms. The challenge is to due to scare resources and the difficulty in forecasting funding requirements....   [tags: Finance ] 478 words
(1.4 pages)
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Hard Money - SoCal Mortgage Company provides a highly individualized level of service for clients seeking residential or commercial mortgage financing. Due to current economic conditions SoCal Mortgage Company is experiencing a notable increase in borrowers that require “Private Financing”, or “Hard Money”. This type of real estate loan is based primarily on the equity of the subject property. This situation, caused by the “credit crunch” has created an excellent investment opportunity for individuals seeking a higher than average rate of return for their investment portfolios....   [tags: Finance] 783 words
(2.2 pages)
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Financing Structure - There are various financing options for the type of business I want to open and operate which is a Real Estate Investment company. Structuring these financing instruments accordingly is important and relevant to the overall success of the potential income-producing real estate investments. Moreover, selecting the right financing option depends upon the factors involved on each deal or transaction such as the time horizon, the volume of transactions and the type of property being purchased. All of these factors play a big role in selecting the right financial instrument....   [tags: Finance]
:: 4 Works Cited
1026 words
(2.9 pages)
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Banking Disintermediation - Introduction With the development of financial system and information technology, commercial banks that used to be the intermediary between surplus and deficit economic players, are gradually losing their traditional roles. Table1 shows that deposits in US commercial banks decreased over 60% overall from 2006 to 2010. Whereas, with the deregulation of financial markets, companies finance or invest directly by the form of securities, and banks start to create investment banking. Being a hot spot, there have been many researches and arguments about disintermediation....   [tags: Finance]
:: 16 Works Cited
1684 words
(4.8 pages)
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Cost Accounting - Accounting is the system of recording and summarizing business and financial transactions and analyzing, verifying, and reporting the results; (Merriam-Dictionary, 2012). Cost accounting is described as the evaluating approach to the overall cost of when the business evaluates the cost that is associated with the business. Cost accounting consists of the identification, measurement, collection, analysis, preparation, and communication of financial information (Khan, 2010). In this paper, I will discuss the reasons why cost accounting is important to businesses and what role it plays in order for they to succeed....   [tags: Finance]
:: 8 Works Cited
1083 words
(3.1 pages)
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Financial Intermediaries - Financial intermediaries are common across the entire financial world. A financial intermediary is an institution that borrows money from people who have saved and in turn makes loans to others, acting as a middleman between investors and firms raising money. Common institutions that conduct the intermediary actions are commercial banks, credit unions, insurance companies, mutual funds, and finance companies. These institutions are an integral part to the overall health and functionality of the world financial market....   [tags: Finance] 1653 words
(4.7 pages)
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Investing 101 - Day in and day out the cost of living continues to grow, inflation seems to be getting out of hand and at the same time, salaries just are not matching up. Individuals were taught by their parents, teachers or mentors that one needs to be educated, have a great work ethic and save for their retirement and by doing this they should be fine in life. Unfortunately, these individuals are seeing that times have change and now things are not quite the same as it was once thought. Not only is our economy struggling, but businesses are closing their doors causing unemployment to rise, meaning the job market coupled with salary growth are making it very hard for people to feel confident with their fu...   [tags: Finance]
:: 6 Works Cited
2659 words
(7.6 pages)
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Sarbanes Oxley- Investor Confidence Act - The problem to be investigated is the purpose and exactitude of the investor confidence act entitled the Sarbanes Oxley Act. This act was created in 2002, to increase public confidence in the accuracy and transparency of public companies financial reports. (Jennings, 2012) This assessment and regulation act was created for the reason that corporate governance within many companies such as Enron, Lehman Brothers and other companies failed to act responsibly in regard to the public trust and were recognized as ethics violators....   [tags: Finance]
:: 7 Works Cited
1813 words
(5.2 pages)
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Strategic Corporate Finance Analysis - A combination of payback period, Net Present Value and IRR methods is a suitable way of measuring a project’s appropriateness. By providing a way of picking the most suitable project in consideration of the expected payback time, expected return and cost of capital. (Vinci, 2010) In that respect, the project’s choice is made by considering the three methods evaluation that can be summarized as follows. Pay back method The method entails evaluating projects in terms of the number of years that it would take for the invested capital to be paid back....   [tags: payback period,irr method,net present value]
:: 15 Works Cited
1681 words
(4.8 pages)
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Managing Personal Finances - Managing Personal Finances Managing personal finances is an important skill to acquire. However, no where in school is this subject taught. As a result of a lack of preparation, our society is subject to a high percentage of people who lack financial success. Those who are successful at managing their personal finances will find that they are successful in many other areas as well. To learn how to manage personal finances there are books and web sites that provide a step by step guide to successfully managing personal finances....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays Finance] 789 words
(2.3 pages)
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Companies Finance - Introduction In the financial world, there are always unending possibilities of ways to handle money. Some of what we read from the financial statements might not be the true reflection on the company. Managements are finding ways to play around the statements and some of it could be fraud and lead to disaster. One great example of this case here is Arthur Anderson. They have many clients such as Enron and many others that they have audited and found fraud in their accounting statements but the management decides to ignore it because of the huge fees that Enron decides to give....   [tags: financial statements, fraud, corruption]
:: 4 Works Cited
1926 words
(5.5 pages)
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Micro-finance and its Impact on Poverty - Despite the growing body of literatures about the microfinance and its impact on poverty, there are counter growing criticisms against microfinance in issues such as reaching the poor, unchanged poverty level, high interest rate, brutality in repayment processes, financial sustainability, and women empowerment. (Hossain, 2010). In terms of poverty reduction and reaching the poor people, the studies edited by (Hulme & Mosley, 1996) on the impact of microfinance on poverty found that poor people do not benefit from microfinance; it is only non-poor people who do well with microfinance and achieve positive impacts....   [tags: Economy, Interest Rate, Dependency] 963 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Medici Bank - Giovanni di Bicci de’ Medici founded the Medici bank in 1397 after splitting from his nephew to establish a bank branch in Florence. As the new bank grew and expanded, so did the wealth and power of the Medici family. When Cosimo il Vecchio de’ Medici, Giovanni’s son, took over the banking business in 1434, the increasing economic power of the Medici family allowed them to establish themselves as effective rulers of Florence while keeping the republican system of government nominally intact. The bank provided the Medici family a combination of economic and political power that facilitated the stability of Medici rule....   [tags: Finance ]
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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act - The misrepresentation of corporate finances has been a frequent news headline during the last ten years, and the negative impact of these actions has had a severe impact on the economy. The temptation can be overwhelming for corporate leaders to step over the legal line in attempts to maximize corporate earnings, which also affects their financial compensation. Companies that ultimately collapse from these inappropriate financial behaviors, eventually put a heavy burden on the economy and many sectors of society....   [tags: Finance] 1105 words
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Overview of Financial Affairs of Local Government of Multan - Abstract Public finance deals with the financial management of public entities. This paper provides an overview of the financial affairs of local government of district Multan and identifies issues faced by the systems to deliver efficiently and effectively. It also highlights areas or improvement and opportunities to fund these activities. The district government heavily relies on the provincial grants and has very limited self generated revenue. Although it is responsible to manage various institutions of social services and carry out developmental activities in the district, its reliance on provincial grants make its effort less effective....   [tags: International Finance ]
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Ethics in Finance - Identify an event or series of events that occurred in the financial marketplace falling within the realm of Financial Management, Financial Institutions and Markets, or Investments that raise significant ethical questions. Analyze the events, public policy responses and their impact on the financial markets and economy at large. Suppose you are the CEO of a well respected, multi-million dollar energy company. You stand at the forefront of innovation and you are world-renowned for your pioneering efforts in the energy industry....   [tags: Business Ethics Financial Management] 1155 words
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Testing of Pecking Order Theory in Pakistan - This study tests the Pecking Order Theory for the capital structure of listed firms in Pakistan. As per Pecking Order Theory in capital structure formulation internally generated resources would have first priority followed by debt issuance where as equity is used as last resort. In its strong form, the Pecking Order Theory sustains that equity issues would never occur, whereas in its weak form, limited amounts of issues are acceptable. The methodology adopted in this empirical study involves cross-section regressions and the testing of hypotheses stemming from the underlying theory in its strong and weak forms....   [tags: Business Finance ]
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Microfinance: The Grameen Bank founded by Muhammad Yunus - In the past years microfinance has flourished into an ever growing market for emerging small businesses around the world. Microfinance helps developing countries from all around the world able to obtain the financial help needed to launch small businesses. These people can empower themselves by taking small loans to finance their projects. Micro credit or small amounts of money exist as small loans given to entrepreneurs looking to empower themselves. The Grameen Bank innovation provided to people willing to help themselves....   [tags: business, finance]
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Profit Loss Sharing in Islamic Banking - Profit-loss sharing In order to be able to understand the core factors that contribute to the lack of profit-loss sharing in Islamic banking, this mode of financing must first be introduced. The fundamental basis for PLS is based on equity orientation. Such a mode of financing allows all parties involved to share both risks and losses in the ratio of their individual capital input, while the profit is allocated on an agreed ratio. This Islamic mode of banking guarantees the sharing of profits or losses and ensures no accrual of a fixed rate of interest, which promotes the efficiency and stability of the Islamic banking system....   [tags: Finance, Islam]
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Critical Review of Article on Financial Statements - A Critical Review of Georgiou, G. (2010) “The IASB standard-setting process: Participation and perceptions of financial statement users”, British Accounting Review, 42 (2), pp.103-118. Dr George Georgiou is a senior lecturer in Accountancy and the director of the MSc International Accounting & Finance course at the Birmingham Business School, University of Birmingham. He has the following qualifications: BA, MAcc, PhD & CPA. Georgiou is also a PhD supervisor in his research interest topics which lie in accounting regulation, accounting theory, government accounting and market-based accounting....   [tags: Accounting Finance]
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A Cultural Problem, an Economic Crisis - In the past two years, Western society has experienced what many of its leaders have called the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. At the very least, it has been the worst period of instability that our younger generations have ever seen in their lifetimes. But unlike other financial crises that have largely been triggered by external forces, such as the oil embargoes of the 1970’s, this latest one was a product of our own internal policies and practices; even more so, of our cultural outlooks on the very notion of finance, credit, and debt itself....   [tags: Economics Finance ]
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Financial Liberalization of Pakistan - In 1974 all banks of the country were nationalized, with the objective of providing the capital for top priority projects or investments, and to ensure the depositor's capital safety. Although this step was taken for the socio-economic benefits, however, the required results could not be obtained. And under the public sector's ownership and supervision the banking sector proved inefficient (Haque 1997), which leads the lower saving and investment, so as a result economic growth decreased (khan and khan 2007)....   [tags: Economics Finance]
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Functions of Financial Management - Financial Management has a lot to do with the duties of the financial manager working in a business. Their function can come in two approaches; one being an executive finance function which involved mainly decisions, the second is the routine finance function. These could be such things as supervision of cash receipts, safeguarding of cash balances, and custody of valuable documents, mechanical details of financing, record, reporting to top management and supervising fixed and current assets. For a financial manager, it is important to approve or reject the lines of credit, and commercial, real estate, and personal loans....   [tags: capital budgeting,executive finance,finance ]
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The Economic Rationality Assumption - The economic rationality assumption has given an important connation for the market efficiency, as it has been the base to carry out the construction of the modern knowledge in standard finance. Resulting in the development of the most important insights in finance, such as arbitrage pricing theory of Miller and Modigliani, the Markowitz portfolio optimization, the capital asset pricing theory of Sharp, Lintner and Sharp and the option-pricing model of Black, Scholes and Merton (Pompian, 2006 and Lo, 2005)....   [tags: Arbitrage, Finance] 1240 words
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RBC: History and Sustainability - The Royal Bank of Canada, if you couldn't tell, is a Canadian company. It is the largest financial institution in Canada. It started as the Merchants' Bank in Halifax, Nova Scotia, which was founded in 1864 by a small group of enterprising Halifax merchants: J.W. Merkel, Edward Kenny, T.C. Kinnear, John Duffus, William Cunard, John Tobin, George P. Mitchell, Jeremiah Northup. The Merchants' Bank focused mainly on financing the fishing and timber trade, and the annual flow of retail goods from Europe into the colony....   [tags: International Finance ]
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Finance - Milestones or stumbling blocks. Embarking on a quest for a second round of venture financing in late December, Russ Garcia, an Irvine, Calif., entrepreneur, agonized over an offer. The venture fund would fork out the money if his startup, which makes global-positioning satellite chipsets, met certain goals. The pricing was on a sliding scale — upward if the goals were met, downward if they weren't. Fearing that the terms were too stringent, Garcia rejected that first offer. But when u-Nav Microelectronics Corp....   [tags: essays research papers] 1895 words
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The Importance of Budgeting to Avoid Defaulting on Student Loans - The Importance of Budgeting to Avoid Defaulting on Student Loans Students defaulting on their loans will always be a problem for the government as long as there are students taking out loans. There will always be a few that don’t pay off their loans. There are many reasons why students default on their student loans. According Ms. Farrell, the author of “Reducing Student Loan Defaults: A Plan for Action,” in the Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation Survey, said “The main reason that students default on their loans is that they cannot budget their finances” (Farrell 24)....   [tags: Finance]
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Wal-Mart Financial Analysis - Corporate Finance: Wal-Mart Contents Corporate Finance: Wal-Mart 1 1. Introduction 2 2. Success at Delivering Value to the Shareholders in the Last 5 Years 2 2.1 Growth in Earnings 2 2.2 Growth in Dividend Declared 3 3. Valuation of Equity 4 3.1 Net Asset Value (NAV) 5 3.2 Price / Earnings Ratio 5 3.3 Discounted Free Cash Flow 7 4. Reconciliation of Differences 8 4.1 Benefits and Costs of Using Net Assets Value 9 4.2 Benefits and Costs of Using Price Earnings Ratio 9 4.3 Benefits and Costs of Using Discounted Free Cash Flow 9 5....   [tags: Corporate Finance]
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Campaign Finance: How Much is Too Much? - With $1.7 billion spent on the 2008 presidential election, how much is too much. In the 2004 presidential election George W. Bush and John Kerry spent a combined $646.7 million, while President Barrack Obama spent 740.6 million of the $1.7 billion total on the 2008 election alone (Salant). The overall amount of money spent in the presidential elections has been increasing greatly over time and there seems to be no limit on the amount of money the presidential candidates are able to raise and spend on their campaigns....   [tags: Politics]
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Asian Financial Crisis - The paradox of thrift is defined as “ a change in the amount household wish to save at each income leads to a change in equilibrium income, but no change in equilibrium saving, which must still equal planned investment” (Begg, Fisher, Dornbusch, 2009). Increase in savings is actually the consumption foregone by the consumer. Domestic saving increases investment in a country which fuel the economic growth. But could savings be a cause for the financial crisis in Asian countries. As told by Dr Zhou Xiaochuan, Governor of the People’s Bank of China, “ the East Asia countries are influenced by Confucianism, which value thrift, self-discipline, zhong yong or Middle Ground (low-key)...   [tags: International Finance ]
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Introductory accounting and finance - Contents Page Page 3 ~ Section A – Trading, Profit and loss account Page 4 ~ Section B – Balance Sheet Page 5 ~ Section C Page 6 ~ Section D Page 7 ~ Section E Page 8 ~ Section F Page 9 ~ Section G Page 10 ~ Section H Page 11 ~ Bibliography Trading, Profit & Loss account for Mr. Stanley relating to trading during £ £ £ Sales 125000 Less Cost of Sales Opening Stock 10430 Add Purchases 67634 78064 Less returns outward...   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Manage finance and budgets - Pre-amble Custometal Pty Ltd has been trading since 1992 under a couple of different names before becoming a proprietorship in 1998. Since its conception in 1992 it has been with the same owner and trades today as a sole proprietorship. Custometal’s customers consist of the construction industry across Melbourne. Custometal is what is known in the industry as a metal work sub-contractor, with our scope of works basically consisting of custom fabricating all metal items excluding structural steel and items that can be mass produced....   [tags: essays research papers] 7356 words
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Retirement Planning - Planning for retirement should not be based on Social Security alone, but rather by saving portions of personal earned wages and putting finances into long-term investments. Depending on Social Security as the only income after retiring is an unsafe and undependable way to prepare for retirement. People who contribute to Social Security are mandatorily putting money into the Social Security Reserve; this money is used for older generations that will file for these benefits before the younger people working, in the early 21 century, ever receive a chance....   [tags: Finance]
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Financial Reporting - Financial reporting is the communication that enables users of financial statements to assess the profitability and the financial state of a company( Scott, 2009). This information is provided within an accounting framework to ensure neutrality, comparability and understandability for all users of financial statements. The key role is to reduce information asymmetry between the managers and stakeholders such as investors, creditors, governments, employees, consumers and the general public. These stakeholders are direct or indirect participants in the capital markets from where companies vie for finances in the form of equity or credit(Scott, 2009)....   [tags: Finance ]
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Islamic Financing vs the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) - The research article discusses two approaches, one method is Islamic financing and other is the conventional capital asset pricing model (CAPM). Using the direct Musharakah, Islamic financing method is applied against the conventional financing method by comparing each other. Comparing the two approaches has drawn several findings; it is found that the beta-risk is lower on investments, which are based on the partnership of Islamic financing as compared to the conventional market. The risk is on the share of the lenders and others but not on the risk-return....   [tags: Islamic Finance Essays]
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Impact of Future Derivatives on Stock Market Volatility - Impact of Future Derivatives on Stock Market Volatility Derivatives has been the talk of the financial world after it was accussed as the primary reason for such a deep financial crisis that affecetd the global economy in 2007. Thus, the modelling of asset returns and judging the volatility of stock market and whether the derivatives have a substantial effect on stock market volatility, is still the key task for every finance professional as it provides much needed on risk patterns involved in investment process....   [tags: Stocks, Economy, Finance, Derivatives]
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The History of Micro-Credit as a Means for Development of Poor Nations - The Indian population lacks opportunities such as financial resources and the ability to get jobs. They are stuck in an endless cycle with no opportunities for people to lift themselves out of poverty. Microcredit has been used as a method by governments in developing countries, international funding organizations and donor agencies, in order to help the poor make money since the 1950’s. During the 1950s and1960s, the Indian government started disbursing loans to families in rural areas that worked in the agricultural sector as well as city-dwelling families to promote economic growth throughout India with collaboration with the Indian Government....   [tags: finance, India, WTO]
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Islam is More than Just a Religion - Islam is more than just a religion; Islam is a way of life. The Quran and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) provide an outline for the daily life of a Muslim. Islam encompasses all aspects of our existence, from lawful food and drink, to ethics and marriage…Islam covers it all. Part of the aspects that Islam addresses is finance, in which Muslims are expected to deal with matters of finance in a precise manner. Islam has its own financial system; this system is founded on justice and faith, rather than a prospect to make additional capital....   [tags: Muslim, finance, capitalism]
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personal finance goals - Figuring out where you will be financially years from now is hard to imagine. There are always what you plan, and then there’s things that just happen that you would usually rather not have of. You can always make goals and things and hope that things go alright and end up close to what you expected. I am currently eighteen years old. I am working on setting up all my financial things so that I am independent and can rely on myself for what I need and not have to worry about having my parents approving of things and being responsible for what I choose to do....   [tags: essays research papers] 1136 words
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