Stephen Hawking and the World of Physics Essay

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Stephen Hawking and the World of Physics

Dr Stephen Hawking was born January 8, 1942, the 300th anniversary of the day Galileo died. Although today he is totally paralyzed from ALS, he was born healthy. His work on the physics of black holes and the beginning of the universe revolutionized modern physics and our understanding of the universe. His biggest discoveries were Hawking radiation, mini black holes, and the no boundary theory.
He started out as an averagely bright student at St. Albans private school. By his third year there, he was only a little above average. However, by the time he went to Cambridge University, he was already exhibiting signs of being especially bright. One example being that he came to not trust math textbooks because he found lots of small errors in the information. During his time at Cambridge, he found that he was best academically and most interested in physics. This is what motivated him to become a physicist. But, as with all people, Hawking had some difficulty at school. One of these periods was his first semester at Cambridge, when he was still in his 'lazy mode' from St. Albans. The other was after he was diagnosed with ALS and became depressed. After that, he continued on with his studies.
Two very important things happened during the winter break of 1962. One thing is that he was diagnosed with the degenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS, also known in Britain as motor neuron disease. ALS affects the nerves in the spinal cord and the parts of the brain that control voluntary functions. The muscles then start deteriorating over a period of time, and eventually cause paralysis. He was told that he only had about 2 to 3 years to live and became very de...

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...d Feyman helped him work on the no boundary theory.
Hawking’s disease progressively slurred his speech, and eventually destroyed it permanently. Shortly after Hawking lost his voice, he was given a voice synthesizer that changed his life for the better. He operates the synthesizer by watching a courser move across the screen, and when the word he wants is selected, he presses a button attached to the device. Now that people could understand him better and he no longer needed a translator during seminars and could have a normal conversation.
Dr. Stephen Hawking is indeed the most famed physicist of our time. From black holes to the big bang, he has changed our understanding of the universe. This is why he is a revolutionary of today’s physics.

White, Michael, and Gribbin, John. Stephen Hawking: A Life in Science. New York: Dutton, 1992.

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