Essay on Sociology: How Reference Groups Influence Our Lives

No Works Cited
Length: 883 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Reference groups are the groups that people identify psychologically and in which it serves as the sources of self-evaluation. Reference groups also influence the way people become, the way the think and act, as well as what people believe. There are two types of reference groups positive and negative reference groups. Positive reference groups refer to groups that people aspire to become and negative reference groups refer to groups that we do not want to be identified with. Having the knowledge of a reference group will help people understand why some groups behave as they do. The way to clarify the way a person behaves is through the knowledge about what kind of reference group that the person looks upon and does not. My reference groups are executives, top students, uneducated people, and criminal.
The first reference groups serve as positive reference group because I would wish to belong in the executives groups. Being an executive and manage a company has been my aspiration since I watch the way they work and act from news and movies. Their intelligence and hard work has motivated me to study harder to achieve my goal, which is to be one of them. Looking upon their way of talking to client, managing company efficiently, and negotiating trade, I self-evaluated my performance and imitate their working style. I took negotiation class and managing corporation class to evaluate my knowledge and my performance. I read books about managing a company and the decision making process. Participating in seminar and career fair is one of the ways I checked my performance and compare it to the successful executives. Interview training showed how much my skills have improved and my current knowledge compare to the competition in the mark...

... middle of paper ...

...lained why a non-smoking student could become a smoker once it enters a school with high smoking rate for students.
In conclusion, reference groups are very important in shaping an individual’s identity and behavior whether it is positive or negative reference groups. Even though the primary groups such as family and peer groups are very important, reference group motivate people to achieve their goal and also served as self-evaluation. A person who wants to be a teacher will begin to identify with those groups and socialized to have particular expectations associated with the groups. Having knowledge of people’s reference groups may help in the decision making process and understanding those people’s behavior pattern. The goal for people to have reference groups is to please and to conform the expectations and behaviors of the groups that are important to them.

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
A Personal Understanding of the Roles of Sociologists and Intellectuals Essay - By general definition, sociology is the study of human behavior and interaction. This social science is studied by sociologists and scholarly intellectuals on both macrosocial and microsocial levels. Through examining sociology frequently and meticulously, I have come to a personal conclusion that one of the most significant aspects to the world of sociology is the concept of "sociology of knowledge," basically meaning the emphasis sociologists place on finding a logical explanation of how an individual attains the knowledge and views that he or she possesses....   [tags: Sociology] 644 words
(1.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay about What is Sociology? - What is Sociology. After reviewing the article titles given for this first assignment, I believe they indicate that Sociology, generally speaking, is not only a study of diversity or commonality in traits among people; it is also a science about factors in a person’s life and how these factors culminate responses. Interestingly enough, its topics of concern seem to be directly determined by current and common events of the world. Through the invention and expansion of new ideas, popular trends and fashions through time, Sociology adapts to responsibly to service the very subjects of interest it studies; for, even the slightest change of a person’s daily experience can have an insurmountable...   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
676 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Spiral of Consumption Essay - The main effect on consumer culture on the lives of its citizens is "[t]he erosion of the ties of community" (Sagoff 94). The problems inherent in consumer culture exist as a spiral; the lack of community beget increased need of commodities, while at the same time consumption of a larger amount of commodities dissolves the ties of the community. To impede the downward spiral of consumer culture, one must take action upon the roots of the problem, the roots of increased need and loss of community....   [tags: Sociology] 1576 words
(4.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Theories of Sociology - There are many theories in sociology to get the better understanding of a society. Many things impact an individual’s behaviour, lifestyles, relationship and much more. Technology is one of the many things that affect the people. Internet is used worldwide and we can use sociology to determine what importance and place it holds in the society. To understand this invention and implication the society better, this paper will cover upon the three well-known theories which are’ Conflict, functionalism, and symbolic internationalism theories....   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
1465 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Sociology of Racial and Cultural Groups Essay - Three sociological perspectives used in the study of minorities are: Structural functionalism, symbolic interactionalism and conflict theory. These perspectives offer "theoretical paradigms" for explaining how society influences people, taking into account the social factors that impact on human behavior. However, different theories, ideas, and prejudices can influence a sociologist's conclusions. Each of these theories has a contribution to make with a distinct focus. Functional theory was influenced by Emile Durkheim....   [tags: Sociology and Race]
:: 4 Works Cited
1440 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Sociology of Racial and Cultural Groups Essay - We live in a culturally diverse society where there are many differences among various racial and ethnic groups. When these different groups come into contact with one another they interact in many different ways. Prejudice and discrimination are key factors in understanding intergroup relationships. Competition, religious ideas, fear of strangers and nationalism are elements that contribute to prejudice. Many expressions of negative prejudicial attitudes, stereotyping and discriminatory behavior can have negative impact on the social relationships between dominant and minority groups....   [tags: Sociology Racism Prejudice Essays Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
1821 words
(5.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Sociology and Religion Essay - This paper is from a catholic feminist’s perceptive that the church, as an institution, is structured as a pyramid modeled on the patriarchal family with the custom of father-right. The patriarchal decision-maker has the power to shape, form and control the “poor of the world” (McCormick, pg. 240) mirroring the aspect of the conflict theory. The poor of the world are the people who work for the institution of the Church controlled by the patriarchal power elite. These established masses of people feel no control, which cause anxiety and they continue to perform their means of production as a formed unit....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 1043 words
(3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Sociology Essay - Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need of its own classification apart from other social sciences. Sociology, 'the study of the process of companionship';(pg.396, Ambercrombie,Hill,Turner), is a discipline, which is not exclusively independent in and of its self, yet borrows from many other disciplines such as: history, geography, and anthropology. 'American sociology is fundamentally analytical and empirical; it proposes to examine the way of life of individuals in the societies … prefers to explain institutions and structures in terms of the behavior...   [tags: Sociology Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
1491 words
(4.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Sociology Essays - Sociology Miss Rowbotham Education Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education in society A) Explain what is meant by ‘streaming’. (2 marks) Streaming is when you organise children into different classes in school depending on their ability. B) Give two examples of ways in which the school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric. (4 marks) The school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric as they only teach main culture/religion subjects and they do not give children a broad education....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 641 words
(1.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Sociology Essay - Intro to Sociology When asked about transsexuals, Mildred Brown, author of True Selves quoted that it is a “dilemma of feeling trapped in the wrong physical gender.” Transsexuality is a phenomenon, which really has not been scientifically examined. Through talk shows such as Jerry Springer, Jenny Jones or the Maury Show, society tends to see a one-sided view on this matter. While watching the Maury Show, “Man or Woman”, the audience’s reaction to the transsexuals on stage were not of disgust but more of awe....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 979 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]