Perspectives of Learning and Teaching in Piaget's and Vygotsky's Theories

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The Venn diagram is comparing the similarities and differences of two theories Piaget’s and Vygotsky Theories on Cognitive development. Piaget’s difference to Vygotsky is children collaborating with peers of the classroom, having stages of development that impact child development over birth to adulthood and how inherited characteristics of being a confident or quiet child. Vygotsky Theory is about Zone of Proximal development, scaffolding of adults helping children in understanding and gaining knowledge and sociocultural development (Duchesne, McMaugh, Bochner & Krause (2013). Both theories have similarities of children having order in developing and how they act, think at certain ages of life. Social interactions through both see children need to either interact with adults or class peers and thought with language even though the theories have different opinion both see thought and language as child development in either thought before language or language before thought. There both show that language and though for children are important to children cognitive development.

Perspectives of teaching and learning have many effects on what children are to learn (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2010). Two theories Piaget’s and Vygotsky theories of cognitive development are going to show perspectives of teaching though the benefits, limitations and implications to the theory of perspectives in teaching and learning. Both Vygotsky and Piaget show perspectives of teaching and learning in different methods to children’s development throughout this essay. Piaget is about children building blocks, having action sequences and children learning independently but will effective teaching and learning help children gain knowledge. Vygotsky is about no ...

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McDevitt, T., & Ormrod, J. E. (2010). Child development and education (4th ed.). Pg. 194 - Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

McLeod, S. (2012). Simply Psychology: Jean Piaget. Retrieved from

McLeod, S. (2012). Simply Psychology: Lev Vygotsky. Retrieved from

Stetsenko, A., & and Arievitch1, I (n/a). Teaching, Learning, and Development: A post –Vygotskian perspective - A Sociocultural Framework for the Study of Teaching, Learning, and Development. Retrieved from:

Waring, P (2012) Cognition and Development: Development of thinking. Retrieved from

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