Meeting the Needs of Students With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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Several researchers have estimated that Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder effects between 5 and 10% of school aged children (Aguiar, Eubig, & Schantz, 2010; Modesto-Lowe, Danforth, & Brooks, 2008; Schroeder & Kelley, 2009). It is the most frequently diagnosed childhood neurobehavioral disorder (Aguiar, Eubig, & Schantz, 2010). Students with ADHD exhibit developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention (Modesto-Lowe, Danforth, & Brooks, 2008). Typically, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) is used to diagnose ADHD. The DSM-IV classifies ADHD into 3 subtypes: predominately inattentive (ADHD-PI); predominately hyperactive-impulsive (ADHD-PH); and combined (ADHD-C) (Aguiar, Eubig, & Schantz, 2010). In order to be classified with this disorder, students must have exhibited at least six of the symptoms associated with at least one of the subtypes. The symptoms must be in existence for at least six months, occur in two or more settings, and be evident by the age of seven. The symptoms by subtype are as follows:
Inattentive-Disorganized Dimension (ADHD-PI)
1. Fails to five close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities
2. Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
3. Does not seem to listen when directly spoken to
4. Fails to follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or work duties
5. Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
6. Avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant about engaging in tasks that require sustained mental effort
7. Loses things necessary for tasks or activities
8. Gets easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
9. Is forgetful in daily activitie...

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Opic, S., & Mirosevic, J. (2011). Handling Students with ADHD Syndrome in Regular Elementary Schools. Napredak, 152(1), 75-92. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Rabiner, D. (2008)
Robinson, K. (2006)
Schroeder, V., & Kelley, M. (2009). Associations between family environment, parenting practices, and executive functioning of children with and without ADHD. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 18(2), 227-235. doi:10.1007/s10826-008-9223-0
Travell, C., & Visser, J. (2006). ‘ADHD does bad stuff to you’: Young people's and parents' experiences and perceptions of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties, 11(3), 205-216. doi:10.1080/13632750600833924
Wright, C., Shelton, D., & Wright, M. (2009). A contemporary review of the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 14(2), 199-214.

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