Affirmative Action, the New Segregation Essay

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Over the course of history many mistakes have been made. One in particular that had great significance to the future of the United States was segregation and later on desegregation; they both plaid a key role in communities, the work place and also in education. Public schools of all levels were segregated until the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that was passed as a result of the Brown vs. Board of Education court case of the same year (Alito, Samuel, Kennedy; Katel, “Sidebars” 851). This court case ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional and as a result many universities and businesses came up with affirmative action policies around1970 to help minorities prosper (Katel, “Introduction” 841).
Today Affirmative action policies are still in use by many higher education facilities as a way to get past those shamed upon years of segregation (“Keep Campuses”). Due to the reason that affirmative action is the route most often taken, with it usually comes the use of quotas (Katel, “The Issue” 843). These quotas represent specific goals that need to be met by these institutions and may range from five to seven percent of Black and Hispanic enrollments to sometimes as great as an eleven percent enrollment requirement of such ethnicities (Cooper, “Campus”; Nieli). Often times, African-Americans are also given an extra “advantage” because there is more of a priority in reaching the African-American quota than any other (Nieli). Surprisingly, not every ethnicity has a quota that needs to be reached by colleges and universities. Most often Caucasian and Asian applicants are left out of affirmative action plans when it comes to scholarships and admission opportunities (Nieli; Sander).
Usually the feeling of being left out l...

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..."The Issues." Affirmative Action Is It Time to End Racial Preferences? 36th ed. Vol. 18. CQ. 843-45. CQ Researcher Online. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.
"Keep Campuses Diverse." USA Today 28 Mar. 1997, Final ed., News sec.: 12A. LexisNexis Academic. Web. 15 Nov. 2011.
Nieli, Russell K. "How Diversity Punishes Asians, Poor Whites and Lots of Others." Minding the Campus. Manhattan Institute, 12 July 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.
Picton, John. "Outcome to Affect Other Cases U.S. Decision Looms in School Quota Suit." The Globe and Mail [Canada] 27 June 1978. LexisNexis Academic. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.
Sander, Richard H. "Affirmative Action Hurts Those It's Supposed to Help." Trib Live. Trib Total Media, 2 Jan. 2005. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.
"Who Really Benefits From Affirmative Action, and Does It Help Society as a Whole?" The Chronicle of Higher Education, 12 Jan. 2001. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.

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