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War and the Media Essay

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In times of War, the media plays a crucial role both in reporting, monitoring and giving updates. During the Vietnam War of 1955-1975, the American press played crucial roles of reporting until it ended up shifting its tone under the influence of occurrence of some events like the Tet Offensive, the My Lai Massacre, the bombing of Cambodia and leaking of Pentagon papers resulting into lack of trust in the press (Knightly 1975). From the beginning of the war up to present times there have been undying debates over the role of media in the war. The have been various criticisms over the American News Media’s actions and influences on the outcome of the war. The debate is embedded on the particular political assumptions perceived across the American political spectrum. Those criticizing the media for its role are of the opinion that the media misunderstood the United States military effort hence hindering succession of the American will in a war which was to be won.
By 1968, claims that the media had lost Vietnam became bond of contention among members of public, military officers, veterans and many political conservatives apparently indicating the crucial role played by the media in the war. Supporters of the media were of the opinion that the media had successfully played its role of as a watch dog of the citizens and the state by revealing the bitter truth of failed policies hence forcing legislatures to change the course of the war (Schmitz 2005). Although the two sides were contradicting about the role played by the media to the outcome of the war, they still believed that the media was a decisive actor in the war and making a shift in the coverage of the war also impacted public opinions. Both groups further believed that th...


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...004). This shows the role played by the media in the Iraqi War and how the media was used to change the general public perception about the invasion.



Bibliography
Knightly, P. The First Casualty: From the Crimea to Vietnam: the War Correspondent . Harcourt Brace, 1975.
Lucas, Dean. "The Famous Picture-Fall of Saddam Hussein's Statue." The Famous Picture Magazine, 2007: 9-15.
Miller, David. "The Dominion Effect." The Guardian, 2004: 21-24.
Muller, John E. War, Presidents and Public Opinion. New York: John Wiley& Sons, 1973.
Schmitz, David F. The Tet Offensive: Politics, War and Public Opinion. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.
Taylor, M. P. War and the Media: Propaganda and Persuation in the Gulf War. Manchester University., 1998.
Venanzi, G. Democracy and Protracted War: The Impact of Television,. 1983. www.airpower.au.af.mil (accessed 04 12, 2011).



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