Research and Critical Thinking


Length: 1132 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Research & Critical Thinking
Research and critical thinking is such a crucial entity in the world of every single science and our every day lives. While a biologist is testing the effects of carbon monoxide on the environment, a little girl is pointing in the sky counting how many colors there are in a rainbow. Both of these scenarios involve research and critical thinking but are extremely different. There are no guidelines for the little girl but there are many that the biologist has to follow. The same goes for psychological research.
Psychological research is almost exactly the same as scientific research. First you must make a hypothesis, experiment, collect data, and based off of the data you make conclusions as to whether or not your hypothesis was confirmed. The difference between psychological research and some other sciences is in what’s considered data and how that data is gathered and processed. Because psychology deals greatly with the mind and sometimes focuses on things that are not measurable, research has been restricted to things that are observable and therefore can be traced. To do research that successfully gives birth to credible data there are certain elements that must be followed as closely as possible. First your hypothesis must be researched and generalized. Secondly, before starting an experiment one must have a dependent variable, a control variable, and an independent variable. Third the data must be collected and translated properly.
In the case of the researcher who studied college students he has completely abused all the elements of research. He has done almost everything wrong in his research, therefore making his research highly un-credible and almost bogus. Starting with the first step in the scientific method, which is forming a hypothesis, I have reason to believe that after reading this researchers hypothesis he hasn’t a clue how to properly conduct it. Comparing the four year college students to the two year college students is not the problem; it is the structure of the hypothesis. Instead of saying students at a four year colleges are more intelligent than students at two year colleges, the hypothesis should be if students who attend four year colleges and students who attend two year colleges take the same IQ test, than the students who attend the four year college will score higher than the students who attend the two year college. It is much more descriptive without being to constricting.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Research and Critical Thinking." 123HelpMe.com. 26 May 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=83663>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Validity: Critical Thinking About A Research Project Essay - Validity A research is valid to the world when a number of key concepts are used in the research design. The document must be organized and planned according to the criteria used in the field. Some important concepts to know include: validity, variable, operationalization, sample, measurement, measurement error, causation, plausible rival explanations, hypothesis, reliability, and unit of analysis. The researcher must learn how to apply each key concept in an effort to make the research study valuable....   [tags: validity, variable, operationalization]
:: 2 Works Cited
1596 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Critical Thinking Paper - The author will be introducing a paper in which she discusses critical thinking and how this form of thinking has affected her personal in her own life. The author believes that critical thinking is a process in which she can alter her thoughts, so that these thoughts are better understood. Critical Thinking Defined Critical thinking is a process in which a person actively participates, and with skill comes to conclusions that are based on what a person has seen, experienced, and what one may believe....   [tags: Definition Critical Thinking Research Paper] 840 words
(2.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Assessment of Critical Thinking Essay - Assessment of learning can be a meaningful tool for teachers and students during a course to provide feedback to the student about the type and quality of work that is being completed in the course and for the instructor to find areas where the student is having difficulties and so additional materials can be provided or the course modified. The aim of this paper is to define assessment and critical thinking skills, and then review a State University course and suggest different assessments that could be used to demonstrate learning....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
969 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about Critical Thinking - Critical thinking in relation to research papers involves identifying the author’s position, arguments and conclusions but also the line of reasoning that is used to support the conclusions (Cottrell 2005). The use of educational research papers’ is to understand possible relationships between existing practices and educational policy and legislation. Therefore, it is important to relate educational research papers into a wider context and discover links between other research findings. I shall argue that the given Student A’s (Student 2010) paper for this assignment contains too many quotations and descriptive writing compared to the required criteria of critical thinking....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
1127 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking Essay - Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking The research question of this extended essay came across at a very early stage in my life. Having been born and developed from a family with all its members being University instructors and professors, I was often involved in arguments related to the lack of critical thinking in Asian cultures. As I got older, having had the chance to emerge in different cultures, I started to develop my own viewpoints and answers. I started to wonder about the truth between the real differences of Asian and Western philosophies of critical thinking....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
:: 17 Works Cited
5517 words
(15.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Critical Thinking and Decision Making - Human beings have been preoccupied with thought and the concept of thought for centuries as is evidenced by the many philosophical and religious writings we find dating from ancient times. After all, we as human beings hold ourselves to be the masters of intelligence in the natural world since no other specie seems to exhibit the capability of thought and intelligence as demonstrated by human beings, the very term "homo sapiens" infers the ability to think. Critical thinking is asking the right questions about the information we are presented with on any given situation....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1089 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Critical Thinking Is More than Common Sense Essay - If one were to ask a group of high school seniors questions like, “Who was the first U.S. president?” or, “What equation is associated with the Pythagorean Theorem?” they would likely discover that the majority of the students would answer correctly. However, if one were to pose the questions, “Why did the Civil War occur?” or, “Why are international trade relations between other countries important to the U.S.?” they would receive fragmented responses at best; few students would be able to provide clear and concise answers....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited
1322 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Using Information Literacy to Promote Critical Thinking Essay example - The cornerstone of Critical Thinking, Real-World Problem Solving and Meaningful Learning is questioning. There are three levels of cognitive questions and student learning. The first and lowest, data input processing, or gathering and recall information. Sample key words and desired behaviors are complete, count, define, describe, identify, list, match, name, recall, observe, recite, and select. Next, we have intermediate, data processing, or processing information. Sample key words and desired behaviors are analyze, classify, compare, contrast, distinguish, explain, infer, make an analogy, organize, plan and synthesize....   [tags: Critical Thinking Education]
:: 1 Works Cited
851 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Critical Thinking Essay example - Critical Thinking Application Critical thinking is the art of thinking in a manner that is critical. This means that prior to making a decision one must be informed about possible repercussions and/or outcomes, this is particularly true in the case of both employers and an employees. A decision maker must be willing to “choose how to respond to opportunities and problems on the basis of a simplified and approximate account of the situation” (George & Jones, 2005, pg 475), while a stakeholder (in this case an employee) must be willing and able to complete any task that is put before him or her....   [tags: Critical Thinking Decision] 763 words
(2.2 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Thinking Critically Essay - We have covered many topics during the last five weeks, including decision-making models, fallacies and their significance to critical thinking, analyzing work-related situations, and tools and techniques that we can use to solve, fix and head off problems. I would like to sum up the course reviewing how ethics influence our daily decision-making as well as touching on the impact technology has had on work-related stress. The Influence of Ethics on Decision-Making Most businesses that offer leadership-training courses stress the need for human skills throughout all managerial levels....   [tags: Decision Making Critical Thinking] 1170 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches




At the beginning of the hypothesis it is better to be more descriptive than in the end. For instance if the hypothesis were to state that the four year students would score six points higher than the two year students. However both groups scored eight points higher. Even though they scored higher it would still disprove the entire hypothesis.
     The next step is the experiment. The way the researcher went about experimenting makes him an even bigger idiot. This is the area that was the most incorrect. First the researcher only tested ten students from each college. With the difference in gender, race, age, education levels, and so many other factors there should be a much larger sample representing each whole. Also he chose the ten people from each college differently. In the four year college he used the first ten volunteers. At the second college he grabbed ten students he found sitting in a T.V. lounge following their last class on a Friday. For one thing if he just found these students how did he know they were students? Just because he found them in a T.V. lounge does not prove that they are. If he randomly just found these ten students how did he know they had returned from their last class that day. I believe he didn’t so therefore it wasn’t random. Another problem with his selection of test subjects is that what if the first ten students who volunteered at the four year college were all female above the age of 25 with a 4.0 grading average while the ten he chose off the couch at the two year college were all males under the age of 25 with a 2.0 grading average? It would make the entire experiment unfair and the data almost fixed. When performing an experiment you must try to get as close as possible to having only one differing variable, that would be the dependent variable. This researcher has so many different variables I don’t think he’s doing the same experiment. In order to do this experiment correctly the choosing of the test subjects should have been done with much more precision. To even out the issue of race, gender, and age the number of people being tested should have been a much bigger group with diversity. It should have also included a spread of race and age, and as equal a ratio of males to females as possible. Background checks should have been done on all the test subjects to see their completed education levels. All the participants should have had as similar G.P.A as possible. I would even go as far as to make sure that all the participants had completed a high school diploma without a G.E.D. Lastly, I do not see the point in having them fill out an essay on philosophy, from what I understand this is a general knowledge test and not a test on philosophy. If the researcher adds the philosophy essay then he should’ve gone through trouble of checking how many students had ever taken a philosophy course. More importantly philosophy and ABC’s are not the same type of intelligence. You can use a computer to score an IQ test while you would have to rely on the mind of a human to judge a philosophy essay. Unless there were factual questions like “When was Socrates born?” I don’t see how handing out a philosophy essay does the experiment any good.
     Finally, the way the researcher used his data in my opinion was not professional. He should have used a correlation instead. I say this because even if the experiment was perfect there is still much that is unknown that could have influenced the results, even something as minor as a head cold. The results should have been presented in a graph of sorts representing either a positive correlation, negative correlation, or no correlation at all.
     In conclusion when it comes to the seriousness of scientific research much is to be done and followed in order for your data to be as close to the truth as possible. To avoid looking like a complete idiot as the researcher did. Also to make sure the hypothesis is professional and researchable; the experiment is done with the utmost precision and care, and last of all that almost nothing is definite and can always be disproved.


Return to 123HelpMe.com