Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection


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Charles Darwin has had the greatest influence on the world by proving the evolution of living things. Charles Darwin had first noticed the similarities of plants and animals when he took a five-year cruise on the H.M.S. Beagle, which was available to him through a friend from school. During the cruise Charles Darwin started becoming interested with the similarities between the plants and animals that were similar on different islands with similar climates, so he decided to study them more closely.

With the studies that Charles Darwin obtained he published his first work, “The Origin of Species.” In this book he explained how for millions of years animals, and plants have evolved to better help their existence. Darwin reasoned that these living things had gradually changed over time to help themselves. The changes that he found seemed to have been during the process of reproduction. The traits which would help them survive became a dominant trait, while the weaker traits became recessive. A good example of what Darwin was trying to explain is shown in giraffes. Long-necked giraffes could reach the food on the trees, while the short-necked giraffes couldn’t. Since long necks helped the giraffes eat, short-necked giraffes died off from hunger. Because of this long-necks became a dominant trait in giraffes. This is what Charles Darwin would later call natural selection.

Charles Darwin also showed how new species were created on the acts of evolution. It is easily explained by having big differences from the effect of natural selection, which were considered to be new species. So back in the beginning, before the effects of evolution had occurred there was just one specie, which evolved to make the species that we know today. So somehow all species are somewhat connected. The basis of what Darwin was proving was that life on Earth is simply the result of billions of years of adaptation to the changing environments. That is why certain species can only live in certain climates. This can be explained with the color of your skin, or the growing of plants.

The color of your skin used to depend on where you live. (Before transportation became so easy.) Darker skinned people would live where it is hotter, and the sun shines more. Lighter skinned people would live in cooler, less sunny areas. This is because the darker pigments in your skin would keep you from burning.

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(Like when you get a tan during the summer.)

In order for plants to grow you need the right climate. You can’t grow tropical fruit in cold weather; therefore they grow in areas where it stays warmer for longer periods of time. You also can’t grow apples in hot weather. So, depending on your location you can grow certain types of plants.

“The Descent of Man,” Charles Darwin’s second published work he compared man to ape. Charles Darwin had brought up the similarities of other creatures in his first book, but hadn’t dared put anything in it about humans. His proofs that he used to compare apes and humans were their primitive, apelike common ancestors. This idea caused a big controversy back in the nineteenth century. It was different to show the relation of other animals as opposed to humans. They thought of themselves as being more intelligent and found what he wrote as an insult to there intelligence, and manners. (I mean, how would you like to be compares to an ape?) Though many people thought that Charles Darwin's theories were wrong, scientists honored him and looked up to him, for doing something that hadn’t been considered before. They had seen the link between apes and humans, and are still today studying the connection between them.

Evolution is still debated today. Even after all these years evolution is still not completely resolved. Whether you agree with Charles Darwin’s theories or disagree with them he has somehow influenced your life. That is why I say that Charles Darwin has had the greatest influence on the world. Whether good or bad, he and his theories, in someway have touched you.


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