Affirmative Action

  • :: 5 Works Cited
  • Length: 711 words (2 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Affirmative Action

In Texas, acceptance to public universities for high school students is now based on academic achievement - if a student is at the top ten percent of his or her class, he or she will be automatically accepted. This is a way to counter the unfairness of affirmative action causes because the admission has nothing to do with race or sex. Arguably, this policy is reasonable because students studying at the same high school receive equal opportunity to learn and educate themselves. This may seem fair, but the same problem still exists. If a student has to work part-time just to make a living because his or her family is unable to sustain financially, how is this student going to find time to study and be successful in school, and therefore, be in the top ten percent?

In recent supreme court ruling, the point system that were using in admitting law students at the University of Michigan was ruled unconstitutional and therefore taken out. The university used a point system that quantified the qualification of the applicant's status. If a student's points exceed a certain number, he or she is admitted to the school. The university gives an extra twenty points to the minorities in terms of enforcing affirmative action and helping the disadvantaged. The six of the judges believe that the defined number system is in many ways similar as having a set quota in admitting minority students, which was banned in the case of University of California v. Bakke of 1978. The judges believe that having a rule in admitting students strictly by race is impersonal. In Bakke's case, the University defends itself for having such quota with the fact that admitting minority students into medical school can help improve social discrimination because the minority are less likely to have the education or the financial status to go to a medical school. As a result, being a doctor becomes majority profession. The judges at the time countered the university's statements by stating that the school is being unfair to the non-minority applicants, who are not directly responsible of the social discrimination. The Supreme Court ruled the University of Michigan's point system unconstitutional in the undergraduate level, but kept the same system for the Law school. They believe race should be taken into consideration, but should not quantify qualification. Although the judges opposing this ruling stated that "A fixed numerical score for racial minority status has the virtue of honesty.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Affirmative Action." 27 May 2018
Title Length Color Rating  
Essay about Affirmative Action - Affirmative action caught in tale of the two cities of Boston, Massachusetts and Denver, Colorado. Since the late 1980s, race and sex-based contracting preference programs in the U.S. cities have faced significant challenges in the courts (Rubin). On February 7th, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino announced his plan to eliminate a 15 year old program that required bidders on city construction contracts to subcontract 15% of work to minority-owned business enterprises and 5% to women-owned firms (Rubin)....   [tags: Affirmative Action] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - Affirmative action- a plan to offset past discrimination in employing or educating women, blacks etc. (Websters New World Dictionary.) The history of affirmative action has its roots in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and stems from the United States Supreme case of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas. In 1965, President Linden B. Johnson issued Executive Order #11246 at Howard University that required federal contractors to undertake affirmative action to increase the number of minorities that they employ....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
782 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - Though Affirmative Action is a current controversial issue, it is far from new; its decree has been long in the making. Perhaps it originates from amendments 13-15, the series of amendments that outlawed slavery, guaranteed equal protection under the law, and forbid racial discrimination when voting, respectively (Sykes 1). The Supreme Court’s decision in 1896, in the case of Plessy V. Ferguson, mandated separate but equal treatment for African Americans (Sykes 1). However, in 1954, the Supreme Court’s decision from Brown v....   [tags: Government Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 30 Works Cited
3550 words
(10.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Affirmative Action - Affirmative action, is it still needed in this day and age. Has it accomplished what it was supposed to. Many people say that if America concentrated on programs that provided assistance to the most needy then they would have the opportunities that affirmative action is trying to provide. By going into the ghettos of our cities and stimulating business, thereby, promoting economic growth, the disenfranchised will reap the benefits. Have they been reaping the benefits of affirmation action. As a nation devoted to equality, the United States must do away with unproductive race-dividing policies....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
2649 words
(7.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Affirmative Action - There are thousands of examples of situations where people of color, white women, and working class women and men of all races who were previously excluded from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action. When these policies received executive branch and judicial support, vast numbers of people of color, white women and men have gained access they would not otherwise have had. These gains have led to very real changes....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
1304 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Affirmative Action - In 1997, three students were denied admission into the University of Michigan. Each of them, in turn, sued the school, charging them with discrimination. In one of the cases, a student was denied admission into Michigan’s law school. Chicago Sun-Times writers Dave Newbart and Kate Grossman reported that last Monday, June 23, 2003, in a 5-4 majority ruling, swing vote Justice Sandra Day O’Connor judged for the school maintaining their right to consider the race of their applicants. In a second decision, the court ruled that they supported the University’s use of race in their admissions policy, but use of a point system was unconstitutional under the fourteenth amendment (Equal Protection Cl...   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1066 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - After you graduate from college, you will be putting in your application for a job that you went to college for. Even though you might be the most qualified for the job you still might not obtain the position. Affirmative Action sometimes causes this because companies have to hire a certain number of minorities relative to the size of the company. This means that if there are no minority citizens available, immigrants who aren’t even US citizens can take the position. This is why Affirmative Action should be readjusted, because it is helping immigrants instead of the people it was meant for, American citizens....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1086 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - The affirmative action program is important because it gives job opportunities for many people regardless of their race, color, religion, gender, and national origin. The work force should be well represented by the different ethnic backgrounds of our society. Some people look at affirmative action as reverse discrimination, but this program doesn’t guarantee employment based on race, ethnicity, or gender. The affirmative action program gives equal consideration to individuals from a different race, ethnicity, or gender, but not one of these factors may be the only factor used to determine an individual’s qualifications for any job....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
2454 words
(7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - Should a man be hired for his skills or for the color of his skin. Is racial diversity in the business world more important then the most qualified workers. Affirmative action has become an important topic in today’s society to better diversify the different races in America. Affirmative action is a set of public policies that were designed for the elimination of discrimination toward race, color, sex, etc. These policies are under attack today because of the unfairness toward the more qualified people....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
704 words
(2 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Affirmative Action Essay - What can be done about the majority of higher paying jobs going to the white males, and the issue of racial/sexual discrimination in both the workplace and in education. To this, the government already has its so-called solution… affirmative action. Affirmative action forces businesses and colleges to hire a certain number of minorities including women, so as to fill a government assessed quota. The solution is not to get even with the white males by disregarding either their hard work through high school to achieve the grade to get into their desired college or their superiority over a competitor for a job position just because the competitor happens to belong to a minority group....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
615 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]

Related Searches

" (7) Its not quite as reassuring that race is taken into consideration when a certain set of rules is no where to be found.

In conclusion, affirmative action, like any other policies, has people opposing it and people supporting it. Some disadvantaged minorities praise affirmative action, while a subset of white population calls out for being treated unequally. Imagine a situation like this: a business administrator has to lay off one worker. Two candidates are equally competent, but one of them is black and the other is white. Who should the boss lay-off? Should he lay-off the black person, and be called a racist; or lay-off the white person and be accused of reverse discrimination? Approximately twenty-five years have passed since the Bakke's ruling, and since then the scores of the minority applicants have increased. Justice O'Connor "predicted that in another twenty-five years, racial preferences would no longer be necessary." (7) If her predictions are true, America can move even further towards the symbol of true freedom and equality. Until then, we could only wait and see.


(1) Froodkin, Don. Affirmative Action Under Attack. October 1998 Staff. Jun. 29, 2003

(2) Li, Shawn. Affirmativeaction.Aug. 1 2001. Jun. 29, 2003

(3)Affirmative Action Los Angeles Counter Office of Affirmative Action Compliance.
Jun. 29, 2003.

(4) Seguine, Joel. Meritocracy, affirmative action headed for The Late Debate,
Lemann says Apr. 8, 1998. The University Record. Jun. 29, 2003.

(5) Hopwood Ends Affirmative Action in 5th Circuit Jul. 29, 2002. The Center for
Individual Rights. Jun. 29, 2003

(6)Sowell, Thomas. American History vs. Affirmative Action Hogwash Jul. 10, 2002.
Capitalism Magazine. Jun. 29, 2003

(7) Dorf, Michael C. Making Sense of the Supreme Courts College Admissions
Ruling. Jun. 25, 2003 Jun. 29, 2003

Return to