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Theology and Christianity: The Works of Augustine and Pelagius Essay

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Augustine and Pelagius were two of the great fourth century theologians who’s work has an effect on the theology of Christianity today which centers in the areas of original sin and free will. Sin can be defined as anything that does not express or conform to the holy character of God. The issue of sin is not in its definition it is in the origin. Augustine and Pelagius were two people with two different views of the origin of sin. Pelagius, was a British faithful monk who claimed that we came into the world with a free will. This free will allows us to make the choice of whether or not to sin. Our sin is based on our actions. We are considered to be like Adam before the fall.
Augustine claimed that a good and infinite God only created good. The evil that man does is done in the bad decisions that he choses to make. This could be backed up with the story of Job where we see that Job decided not to sin in spite of his circumstances (Job 1:22). Pelagius believed that what Adam did was an isolated event solely independent from the rest of the human race. Yet, Augustine believed that what Adam did greatly affected the rest of humanity. We are all involved in the fall of Adam and received a sinful nature as a result. Whether we agree with Augustine or Pelagius, we need to understand that human’s sin and make bad decisions. But it is through the Grace of God we are allowed a chance to be renewed and forgiven and are given the opportunity to walk in the ways and will of God. 
The Theology of Moral Rigorism - Pelagius, focuses on free will and sin. Adam and Eve were created with a will that was free and neutral. They had the ability to make their own choices to be good or bad. They had an obligation to do good. Just as the scripture s...


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...erstand that humans sin and make bad decisions. But it is through the grace of God we are allowed a chance to be renewed and forgiven and given the opportunity to walk in the ways and will of God. In my opinion, Augustine's argument offers great evidence for the need of a savior and the need for the redemption that only Christ can offer. The fall in the garden was not the original sin, according to Augustine, but a baby's original sin is his/her own individual first sin that they make out of their own choices and free will. It is through God's irresistible grace and redemption that we are returned to freedom which gives us both the freedom to sin and to not sin. Prior to accepting God's divine conversion and grace, our overwhelming passions and desires lead us to sin. God's grace give us the control and gauge that we need and true freedom of choice and free will.


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