Preview
Preview

The Legitimate Authority Theory Essay

:: 8 Works Cited
Length: 1477 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Obedience is a form of social influence in which a person yields to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure. Already at an early age we are taught to obey authority figures within our social groups through influences such as parents, teachers or even religious establishments.
The Agency Theory (Milgram 1963) supports the idea that a person will obey the Authority figure and work as an agent for this authority figure under the implied possibility of there being no consequences to their actions as either the authority figure will take on no liability or said authority figure has justified these action therefore they are acceptable. The strongest evidence supporting this theory was gained after researching WW2 German soldiers who were stationed at the labor and death camps. When asked why they committed these atrocities they simply responded “we were ordered to do this” (Mike Haralambos et al (2002) Psychology in Focus A Level).
The Legitimate Authority theory (Milgram 1963) strongly links into the Agency theory. As stated beforehand one must recognize an individual or a collective of individuals as authority figures before acting on their behalf. This theory suggests that we obey those seen as authority figures as were are taught to do so from an early age. A legitimate authority figure can be individuals or organizations such as the government, the boss at work, a police officer or as demonstrated in Milgram’s study (1963) a scientist.
The Gradual Commitment theory (Milgram 1963) expounds that an individual will willingly perform seemingly harmless, trivial tasks. Milgram’s participants were encouraged to obey the experimenter by the gradual steps they were directed to take. This was accomplished with increasi...


... middle of paper ...


...rying out the orders. They were not supposed to take instructions by phone, let alone exceed the allowed dose.



Works Cited


Eysenck, M. and Flanagan, C. (2000) Psychology for AS level, Hove, Psychology Press
Cox, E. (2008) AS Psychology, London, Philip Allan Updates Page 206
Mike Haralambos et al (2002) Psychology in Focus A Level, The Bath Press Page 144
The following studies were taken from this book:
Hofling (1966)
http://www.psychology4a.com/Social%20influence.htm November 11, 2013
http://aspsychologyblackpoolsixth.weebly.com/obedience.htmlNovember 11, 2013
http://aspsychology101.wordpress.com/social-psychology/November 11, 2013
http://atheism.about.com/od/warandmorality/a/jusadbellum_3.htmNovember 11, 2013

Coralie et.al 2013 www.coraliethirietpsychology.wordpress.com/2013/03/01/obedience-experiment-coralie-medisa-zahra-bryony-and-jesse/ 13 November 2013



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay on The Legitimate Authority of a Despot in the UK - I will advance the thesis, if an enlightened despot seized power in the UK, and governed it justly, then the despot would have legitimate authority. By saying the despot’s authority would be legitimate, I mean that, even though the despot abruptly seized power without the explicit consent of the citizens, which would then result in a loss of autonomy and negative liberty, the authority is governing the society justly, so a small amount of their rights must be sacrificed for a better society....   [tags: political authority, rule, autonomy]
:: 5 Works Cited
1739 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Authority Systems - Nowadays almost everyone totally or partly belong to a certain organization. It can be a school, a company, a factory or a military troop. Even people who do not live or belong to these small scale organization, they still live in the society, which is also a big organization, a political entity. That is to say that every people is just member of a certain organization. As the member of the organization, people can feel the consequences of power at every level. So the power of the organizations is a highly focused topic....   [tags: Power vs Authority] 2323 words
(6.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about A Monopoly on the Legitimate use of Physical Force: Syria - According to Max Weber in Essays in Sociology, a state can be defined as a “human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.” Using this statement and the provided articles, one would conclude that Syria cannot be considered a state. Although they do use physical force, it cannot be considered a legitimate use of physical force within their given territory. The Syrian civil war is one of the controversies that arise in the question of whether they are a state or not according to Weber's theory....   [tags: max weber, state, syria, civil wars] 652 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Ambrose Bierce on War Theory Essay - Brother against brother, neighbor against neighbor. The Civil War set a new precedent of warfare. One of the Union solders, Ambrose Bierce, wrote a collection of short stories based on his personal experience. Do his writings reflect that the Civil War was a just war by following just war theory. Bierce’s writings help reflect that the Civil War was unjust because the war was not conducted by a legitimate authority, the war was not conducted with the right attitude, and the war was not a last resort....   [tags: The Civil War]
:: 7 Works Cited
1438 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Power, Domination, Legal, Authority in the Obama Administration Essay - Karl Weber, a sociologist and political economist, describes authority as a form legal domination. Followers comply with the rules of these individuals because they consider their authority to be legitimate. While the legitimacy of domination does not have to be rationality, right, or natural justice, it is legitimate because individuals accept, obey, and consider domination to be required. The president of the United States is considered a traditional, legal and charismatic authority, where the legitimate domination rests on the idea of the legality of enacted rules for these individuals elevated to their status to give commands....   [tags: Obama Essays] 740 words
(2.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Authority versus Truth in Sophocle's Antigone and Shakespeare's Twelfth Night - “Authority cannot afford to connive at disobedience” writes Sophocles in Antigone. This is also a central concern to Aristotle who establishes the importance of ‘Authority’ in the opening lines of his treatise Poltics: “Since we see that every city-state is a sort of community and that every community is established for the sake of some good…it is clear that every community aims at some good, and the community which has the most authority of all and includes all the others aims highest, that is, at the good with the most authority....   [tags: Tragedy and Comedy, Rustic Fools]
:: 9 Works Cited
2450 words
(7 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Exploring Racial Discrimination in the Case, Dunlap v. Tennessee Valley Authority - ... Dunlap” (Walsh, 2010). Explain why the plaintiff's disparate (adverse) impact claims fail. The disparate impact theory requires a plaintiff to prove that a neutral employment practice affects one group more harshly than another and that the practice is not justified by business necessity. In this case, Dunlap needed to prove that TVA’s employment practices affected African American applicants more than another. The proof of discriminatory intent is not required and although the court concluded that TVA’s processes with interviewing had been manipulated to exclude African-American candidates in general, the court disagreed, citing the “lack of statistical proof demonstrating that a protec...   [tags: hiring, foreman, employer] 1110 words
(3.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Learning Theory versus Strain Theory - Over the course of history, sociologists have wondered about the causes of deviance. They all have different conceits of the factors of why an individual engages in deviant behavior. These ideas can all be classified into different categories of theories such as learning theory, social disorganization theory, labeling theory and anomie theory. This paper only focuses on the learning theory and the anomie, or strain theory. The learning theory was developed by Walter B. Miller and the strain theory was created by Robert K....   [tags: Sociology ]
:: 1 Works Cited
1636 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about LMX Theory - What is leadership. Think of the last time you were asked to come together with peers into a group assigned to a specific goal; was there someone in charge of keeping the group on task and helping it towards the goal. This person is considered the leader, whose main job is to motivate and keep their selected members on task. Leaders develop different relationships with their subordinates based upon different levels and types of influence, known under the leader-member exchange (LMX) theory. Often subordinates view their time working at a particular company through the tinted glasses of their time with their leader, and help explain why this idea of LMX theory is so important to the workplace...   [tags: Leadership ]
:: 5 Works Cited
1413 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Legal Theory Essay - Both legal theory and theories of the state stand at a crossroads today. The modern state has transformed quite radically from its traditional image. According to Habermas’ account, in traditional societies, “the law made by the ruler remained subordinate to the Christian natural law administered by the Church”. The social integration was a result of bonding convictions which came from the mythical narratives and ritual practices. However, in the postmodern situation with all its complex interrogations of Universalist claims and a predominantly secular society such as ours, “the normative order is maintained without such metasocial guarantees”....   [tags: law, social integration, government]
:: 12 Works Cited
2027 words
(5.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]