Preview
Preview

The History of Scientific Management Theories Essay

:: 1 Works Cited
Length: 1194 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In the history of management thinking, there are many ways to manage an organization, such as scientific management and administrative management. This essay will discuss the notion that scientific management was a ‘good’ idea in the history of management thinking, by looking at the historical backgrounds and political beliefs of economist, also how the develop management theory by conducting experiments, and how their theories made it into the managing business does and how do they work. First of all, what is management itself? Management as explained in the Organizational Behaviour book, is a set of activities such as planning, decision making, organizing, leading and controlling the organization’s resources including human, financial, physical, and information. In order for high performance result, achieving organizational goals efficiently and effectively. (Wood et al, 2006. pp12-13)
This essay would focus on the scientific management theories; it is where the concept of job specialization and division of labour are born, during that time it was the days of industrial era. The business was expanding, yet the productivity was labour intensive since technology was not much help at that time. Thus managers must find a way to improve the performance of individual workers, and that; the scientific management theory was created.

The history of scientific management closely related with Fredrick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915), known as the father of scientific management. Other than Taylor, there are other four renowned economist; Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, and Henry Ford. Each manager has their own way of scientific managing, Taylor who is considered to be the father of scientific management, as explained in the book prepared by...


... middle of paper ...


...rove output production and efficiency of an organization.
We could see this specialization everywhere in a workplace, the easiest way to create an example of this in department store; everyone has their own task, the cashier work on the cashier machine, the customer service work on helping visitors and pointing out information. Also in the restaurant, in the kitchen itself, there different task done by different people, the high chef manage the other workers and guiding them with the cooking recipe, then they have other workers who would just do one task such as boiling, frying, cutting, and then the waitress deliver the food. Those are few examples of specialization in the line of work we see today. With that fact, it is clear that scientific management was a good idea in the history of management, providing ways in organizations to achieve more productivity.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Overview of Different Theories of Motivation Essay - Cherry, Kendra. (2013). Theories of Motivation: A closer look at some important theories of motivation. http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologytopics/tp/theories-of-motivation.htm The Incentive Theory of Motivation states that people do things, such as work because of the rewards that come with. For example, a child might help his grandmother clean in order to receive cookies. His motivation is the reward of the cookies. In the working world, people get rewarded by other rewards. Some of these rewards are salary, security, and health benefits....   [tags: Motivational Theories]
:: 10 Works Cited
3360 words
(9.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Frederick Taylor and Management Essay example - Introduction Frederick Taylor is recognised for being the first person to study work as a science. His work has been hugely influential on the study of management and continues to be studied in management courses. He is consistently ranked as the most influential person in management and business history (Wren, 2011). His book The Principles of Scientific Management has been translated into many languages. Indeed within the first two years of publication in 1911 it was translated into French, German,Dutch, Swedish, Russian, Italian, and Japanese (Wren, 2011)....   [tags: scientific management, workers, efficiency] 2234 words
(6.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on The Evolution of Management Practices and Theories - 1.0 Introduction With the rapid change of the world, thought of management, theory and practise keeps on changing. It has been transformed through innovation. Taking into consideration the uncertainty surrounding the construction industry, it is essential paying attention to how people work within an organisation that has set goals that needs to be achieved. To be able to achieve these objectives, it is necessary to understand management relating issues such as culture, motivation, leadership and issues relating like coordinating, planning and controlling....   [tags: business] 2309 words
(6.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Taylor´s Scientific Management Strategies Essay - Taylors Principles: Taylor´s scientific management strategies, were intended to usher economic growth. He was sure that any economic progress in the society, was as a result of hard work. The desire to earn more inspired Frederick Taylor´s thoughts, by intiating the idea of “scientific management”. Whereby he personally set up rules to optimize the available workload, and to control that all contributed in profit maximization. In mind,Taylor was very concerned with an organisation that was dormant trying to search it´s way to economic stability....   [tags: economic growth, progress] 1627 words
(4.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The History of Management Essay - ... Therefore, it became necessary to become managers and to employ other artists to complete works such as the Sistine Chapel or the Laurentian Library in Florence. The Building of The Great Wall of China. Available at: http://www.china-mike.com/china-tourist-attractions/great-wall-china/construction-history/ 2. The Industrial Revolution Between 1770 and 1850, during the Industrial Revolution in England, huge changes occurred in society. In this time, huge Industrial growth occurred due to advancements in power, transport and communication....   [tags: planning, organizing, staffing, leading] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
How important the evolution of management has been on people as well as organizations - This paper is a brief analysis of management history. My analysis will show how important the evolution of management has been on people as well as organizations. Scientific management theory (1890-1940) mainly dealt with organizations that were large and industrialized. During this time, organizations focused on routine tasks that utilized science and technology for the public in efforts to reduce inefficiency, use of resources effectively by proper organization of men, machines and materials (p....   [tags: Management]
:: 2 Works Cited
1325 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The History of Calculus Essay - An article written by Simon Harding and Paul Scott titled “The History of Calculus” explains the very beginnings and evolutions of calculus. Harding and Scott begin their article by explaining how important calculus is to almost every field, claiming that “…in any field you could name, calculus… can be found,” (Harding, 1976). I agree with this statement completely, and can even support it with examples of its uses in various fields like engineering, medicine, management, and retail. All of these utilize calculus in some way, shape, or form, even if it is a minute....   [tags: history of mathematics, article]
:: 2 Works Cited
1157 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Modern Management and Researchers Essay examples - ... “The systematic management approach emphasized economical operations, adequate staffing, and organizational control and this approach focused more on completing task than the well being of the workers” (bateman, sneel). Frederick Taylor was able to identify the disconnect in the systematic approach (bateman, sneel) and introduced “The Principles of Scientific Management” also known as “Taylorism” which focused on increasing worker and organizational efficiency (Giorgio Zuffo). Scientific management as defined in businessdictionary.com laid down the fundamental principles of large-scale manufacturing through assembly-line factories....   [tags: taylor, mayo, douglas, likert] 642 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Philosophical Ethical Theories Essay - Philosophical Ethical Theories As we know, philosophers divide ethical theories into three major classes. They are Metaethics(descriptive), Conceptual(applied), and Normative(prescriptive). Metaethics basically takes the scientific approach to concocting where exactly our ethical principals and philosophies come from (Feiser, 2005)....   [tags: Papers] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Leadership vs Management - Introduction Numerous Job vacancies begin by seeking the services of a Manager and then follow it up with the statement that the manager must have leadership skills. By implication, one can assume that leadership is second in command to management; and yet in the present turbulent environment, leadership is much more needed as it is the only thing that can make firms achieve competitive advantage. The most logical thing for organizations is to develop a job placement with a title-leader- thereby clearly stating that a firm is seeking a leader than that of a manager....   [tags: Employer, organizations, economy]
:: 7 Works Cited
1514 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]