Preview
Preview

The History of Scientific Management Theories Essay

:: 1 Works Cited
Length: 1194 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In the history of management thinking, there are many ways to manage an organization, such as scientific management and administrative management. This essay will discuss the notion that scientific management was a ‘good’ idea in the history of management thinking, by looking at the historical backgrounds and political beliefs of economist, also how the develop management theory by conducting experiments, and how their theories made it into the managing business does and how do they work. First of all, what is management itself? Management as explained in the Organizational Behaviour book, is a set of activities such as planning, decision making, organizing, leading and controlling the organization’s resources including human, financial, physical, and information. In order for high performance result, achieving organizational goals efficiently and effectively. (Wood et al, 2006. pp12-13)
This essay would focus on the scientific management theories; it is where the concept of job specialization and division of labour are born, during that time it was the days of industrial era. The business was expanding, yet the productivity was labour intensive since technology was not much help at that time. Thus managers must find a way to improve the performance of individual workers, and that; the scientific management theory was created.

The history of scientific management closely related with Fredrick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915), known as the father of scientific management. Other than Taylor, there are other four renowned economist; Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, and Henry Ford. Each manager has their own way of scientific managing, Taylor who is considered to be the father of scientific management, as explained in the book prepared by...


... middle of paper ...


...rove output production and efficiency of an organization.
We could see this specialization everywhere in a workplace, the easiest way to create an example of this in department store; everyone has their own task, the cashier work on the cashier machine, the customer service work on helping visitors and pointing out information. Also in the restaurant, in the kitchen itself, there different task done by different people, the high chef manage the other workers and guiding them with the cooking recipe, then they have other workers who would just do one task such as boiling, frying, cutting, and then the waitress deliver the food. Those are few examples of specialization in the line of work we see today. With that fact, it is clear that scientific management was a good idea in the history of management, providing ways in organizations to achieve more productivity.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Overview of Different Theories of Motivation Essay - Cherry, Kendra. (2013). Theories of Motivation: A closer look at some important theories of motivation. http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologytopics/tp/theories-of-motivation.htm The Incentive Theory of Motivation states that people do things, such as work because of the rewards that come with. For example, a child might help his grandmother clean in order to receive cookies. His motivation is the reward of the cookies. In the working world, people get rewarded by other rewards. Some of these rewards are salary, security, and health benefits....   [tags: Motivational Theories]
:: 10 Works Cited
3360 words
(9.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Frederick Taylor and Management Essay example - Introduction Frederick Taylor is recognised for being the first person to study work as a science. His work has been hugely influential on the study of management and continues to be studied in management courses. He is consistently ranked as the most influential person in management and business history (Wren, 2011). His book The Principles of Scientific Management has been translated into many languages. Indeed within the first two years of publication in 1911 it was translated into French, German,Dutch, Swedish, Russian, Italian, and Japanese (Wren, 2011)....   [tags: scientific management, workers, efficiency] 2234 words
(6.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on The Evolution of Management Practices and Theories - 1.0 Introduction With the rapid change of the world, thought of management, theory and practise keeps on changing. It has been transformed through innovation. Taking into consideration the uncertainty surrounding the construction industry, it is essential paying attention to how people work within an organisation that has set goals that needs to be achieved. To be able to achieve these objectives, it is necessary to understand management relating issues such as culture, motivation, leadership and issues relating like coordinating, planning and controlling....   [tags: business] 2309 words
(6.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
How important the evolution of management has been on people as well as organizations - This paper is a brief analysis of management history. My analysis will show how important the evolution of management has been on people as well as organizations. Scientific management theory (1890-1940) mainly dealt with organizations that were large and industrialized. During this time, organizations focused on routine tasks that utilized science and technology for the public in efforts to reduce inefficiency, use of resources effectively by proper organization of men, machines and materials (p....   [tags: Management]
:: 2 Works Cited
1325 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about The Root Causes of Sexual Offending: Social Learning Theory - ... The study conducted by Seto and Lalumiere (2010) was very useful to the scientific community. It allowed for the identification of more relevant factors associated with sexual offending. Burton, Miller, and Shill had originally assessed sexual offending and its link to sexual abuse in a study conducted by the trio in 2002. Burton, Miller, and Shill (2002) investigated the victim-to-victimizer concept by observing adolescent sex offenders. This particular population is of great importance because it accounts for roughly 20% of forcible rapes and molestations within the U.S....   [tags: etiological theories, sexual crimes]
:: 3 Works Cited
1310 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Determination of Involvement of Unions by Management Essays - The paper will discuss whether the management has the right to determine the involvement of unions in their organizations. However, before it is discussed any further, it is essential to clarify the role of unions and the management interdependently. Moreover, it is worth mentioning the history of both, the Management and the Unions in order to better understand the complexity of these two institutions and their differences. Some will say that such right of management in determination of unions is a subjective matter and that everyone has differences in opinions or preferences....   [tags: industrial revolution, role of unions, rights]
:: 10 Works Cited
1157 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Philosophical Ethical Theories Essay - Philosophical Ethical Theories As we know, philosophers divide ethical theories into three major classes. They are Metaethics(descriptive), Conceptual(applied), and Normative(prescriptive). Metaethics basically takes the scientific approach to concocting where exactly our ethical principals and philosophies come from (Feiser, 2005)....   [tags: Papers] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Leadership vs Management - Introduction Numerous Job vacancies begin by seeking the services of a Manager and then follow it up with the statement that the manager must have leadership skills. By implication, one can assume that leadership is second in command to management; and yet in the present turbulent environment, leadership is much more needed as it is the only thing that can make firms achieve competitive advantage. The most logical thing for organizations is to develop a job placement with a title-leader- thereby clearly stating that a firm is seeking a leader than that of a manager....   [tags: Employer, organizations, economy]
:: 7 Works Cited
1514 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Taylor's and Weber's Theories of Management Essay - There are several theories that examine an organization and it’s approach to managing work in an effort to develop efficiency and increase production. Two classical approaches to management are Taylor’s scientific management theory and Weber's bureaucratic management theory. Both men are considered pioneers of in the study of management. Taylor’s scientific approach is based on the planning of work to achieve efficiency, standardization, specialization and simplification. Factories are managed through scientific methods and productivity is increase through a mutual trust between management and workers....   [tags: Bureaucratic and Scientific Management] 1089 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on The Impact and History of Learning Disorders on Children - The Impact and History of Learning Disorders on Children In his 1954 majority opinion in Brown v. Board, Chief Justice Warren laid out concisely the fundamental role that education would play in postwar America: “Today, education is perhaps the most important function of state and local governments. Compulsory school attendance laws and the great expenditures for education both demonstrate our recognition of the importance of education to our democratic society. It is required in the performance of our most basic public responsibilities, even service in the armed forces....   [tags: ADD ADHD Education Behavior Disorders Essays]
:: 16 Works Cited
5481 words
(15.7 pages)
Term Papers [preview]