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Essay on Terrorism Threats to the African Continent

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While the world focused its main effort on the war against terrorism to the Middle East, the African continent is silently grows as a safe haven for terrorist groups. Although these terrorist groups operate in different countries under different names, their connection to the most known international terror organizations is noticeable. For decades, countries of East, North and West Africa have been experiencing several heinous terrorist attacks that resulted into deaths of hundreds of people. The African states through African Union regarded terrorism as one of their major security concerns that needs collective action. African terror groups are taking opportunity of unstable governments to spread their ideology in remote regions and carry out their training. As many other terror organizations around the world; “African terror groups developed cooperation with regional drug traffickers, criminal organizations and rebel groups to reinforce their resources” (M. Goita, 2011).
African continent Terrorism Threats
Security:
Al Qaeda the most known and dangerous terrorist organization is rapidly gaining ground and minds of many in countries of north and west Africa known as Islamic Maghreb. Al Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb’s (AQIM) activities previously based on opportunistic kidnapping of westerners especially members of nongovernmental organizations; as time passes, AQIM demonstrates more sophistication in their activities and greater intelligence-gathering capabilities. AQIM has infiltrated into security operatives in countries such as Mauritania and Algeria. The kidnapping of seven employees and family members from the compound of the French multinational nu¬clear services firm Areva in September 2010; facilitated by “excellent inf...


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Works Cited

A. Atta-Asamoah Counter-Terrorism and the National Security of African States: Retrieved from http://www.ssronline.org/jofssm/issues/jofssm_0601_atta-asamoah.pdf?CFID=3434676&CFTOKEN=22432692
BBC News, 2010 Jul 12 Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-10677946
K. Sturman. The AU plan on Terrorism. http: //www.iss.co.za/pubs/asr/11no4/Sturman.html
M. Goita. West Africa’s Growing Terrorist Threat. Retrieved from http://africacenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/AfricaBriefFinal_11.pdf

R.Gunaratna.Terrorism and Small Arms and Light Weapons. Retrieved from https://grip-publications.eu/bdg/pdf/g3062.pdf
Lauren Ploch, July 28, 2009, Africa Command, Congressional Research Service
Vickie Huddleston, July, 2010, AFRICOM and the Path to Stability
D. G. Jamieson, December 2009, South African Journal of Internal Affairs


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