Terrorism and Maritime Security Essay

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1 Introduction The word “terrorism” was first used during the French revolution. It defines as using force or threats against people . The definition of terrorism has to be examined more in depth-understanding in broader perspective, including historical background in order to avoid various legal systems and government agencies make their own definition and interpretation . The definition issue also happening in maritime community on classifying piracy and maritime terrorism. It does not include the purpose of attacking whether they were motivated by political goal, ideology, religion, independence or economic needs . However, every violence and crimes of maritime incidents cannot be taken for granted due to the phenomenon of the modern global threats and international terrorism link in regard to the possibility of involving weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by terrorist groups to have devastating effect on their political goals. This essay will analyse the international terrorism in scope of maritime terrorism and how far the possibility of terrorist threatening global maritime security in several typology of threats. 2. Maritime Terrorism Assessment Due to attack on New York’s World Trade Center and Pentagon, combating terrorism became a worldwide campaign of the U.S passing through the world. In parallel to that, terrorism incidents continually occurred not only in shore but also offshore, In 1985 an Italian cruise ship, the Achille Lauro, was hijacked by a group of Palestinian terrorists in Egyptian waters, drawing attention to the threat of maritime terrorism and SUA convention established by international community as responded to it . Since that incident, several attack from various terrorist groups still presents on mariti...

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... Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2008, pp. 42-43

Bateman, Sam, “Assessing the Threat of Maritime Terrorism: Issues for the Asia-Pacific Region,” Security Challenges, Vol. 2 No. 3, October 2006, pp.77-91

Richardson, Michael, “Terrorism: the Maritime Dimension”, Trends in Southeast Asia Series, No.3, January 2004, p.4

Bradford, John, “Southeast Asian Maritime Security in the Age of Terror: Threats, Opportunity, and Charting the Course Forward,” Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies Singapore, No.75, April 2005, pp.6-8

Bowman, Steve, “Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Terrorist Threat,” Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, Order Code. RL31332, March 7, 2002, pp 1-7
Lorenz, Akiva J., “Al Qaeda’s Maritime Threat,” Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Israel Intelligence Heritage and Commemoration Center (IICC), May 2007, pp.3-5

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