Preview
Preview

Synthetic Biology: Promises and Perils Essay examples

:: 5 Works Cited
Length: 898 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Synthetic Biology: Promises and Perils
In May 2010, researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) in San Diego announced the construction of the first “synthetic” organism, a bacterium powered by an artificially synthesized genome.1 While the de novo generation of life remains beyond scientific reach (the JCVI team transplanted the synthetic genome into an existing Mycoplasma recipient cell), the implications of Venter’s experimental success are profound. A milestone in the nascent field of synthetic biology, JCVI’s pioneering achievement has inspired prospects for the creation of highly customized genomes with agricultural, environmental, and pharmaceutical applications. Nonetheless, many years remain before these prospects can become commercial reality; Venter’s synthetic genome cost an estimated $40 million and was the product of over a decade of research. As technical barriers to engineering entire genomes are gradually overcome, the development of regulatory frameworks for mitigating potential risks associated with synthetic organisms will take precedence. These possible hazards extend beyond those posed by the microbes themselves to include the exploitation of synthetic biology for malicious purposes. The advancement of synthetic biology must therefore occur in the context of sustained and intensive dialogue across multiple sectors of society.
When fully realized, synthetic genomics will revolutionize the manufacture of pharmaceutical products and offer innovative solutions to pressing environmental problems. Foremost, the ability to routinely construct and integrate custom genomes will facilitate the development of novel therapeutics. Researchers have already engineered artificial adenoviruses that target cancer...


... middle of paper ...


...th a number of risks, and careful evaluation of these hazards must accompany the field’s development. With proper regulatory oversight and safeguards against deliberate misuse, synthetic biology is bound to transform the human condition.



References
1. Pennisi E. Genomics. Synthetic genome brings new life to bacterium. Science. 2010;328(5981):958.
2. König H, Frank D, Heil R, Coenen C. Synthetic genomics and synthetic biology applications between hopes and concerns. Curr Genomics. 2013;14(1):11-24.
3. Ruder WC, Lu T, Collins JJ. Synthetic biology moving into the clinic. Science. 2011;333(6047):1248-52.
4. Yim H, Haselbeck R, Niu W, et al. Metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for direct production of 1,4-butanediol. Nat Chem Biol. 2011;7(7):445-52.
5. Tucker JB, Zilinskas RA. The promise and perils of synthetic biology. New Atlantis. 2006;12:25-45.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Analysis and Description of Synthetic Biology Essay - Synthetic biology, “the aim is to create improved biological functions to fight current and future challenges”. Like all engineering disciples’ synthetic biology is motivated by application to solve specific problems” (3, 7). “Like chemistry biology is the study of living things. Synthetic biology is replicating and recreating nature, which allows it to sometimes control living things (6). Larger quantities of Artemisinin a drug for malaria will be due to the new E coli strain. Thoughts are that it may be able to produce food, optimize industrial processing and detect, prevent and cure cancer (1, 3)....   [tags: synthetic biology, dna, cells] 592 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
How to Cope with the Promises and Perils of Technology Essay - ... It will require political leadership with a deeper understanding of engineering, and engineers who accept that technological expertise does not guarantee its balanced application to humanity. The problem of engineering — how to spread its fruits, limit its excesses, and save ourselves from its destructive side — ranks high among the great challenges of our time. Taken together, we seem to be living in a strange moment — with the twin expectations of endless improvements and looming disaster, of perfected health and colossal death....   [tags: engineering, progress, humanity] 786 words
(2.2 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Process and Applications of Synthetic Biology Essay - ... A biological part is a sequence of DNA that encodes for a biological function. It can be as simple as a single functional unit that cannot be divided further into smaller functional groups. These basic parts can be assembled to make more complex parts that are then combined to make systems that can operate in living cells. A basic part is a functional unit, or primary structure, of DNA that cannot be subdivided into smaller components. A composite part is a functional unit of DNA consisting of two or more basic parts; serving as the secondary structure....   [tags: system, promoter, transformation] 1620 words
(4.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Perils of Obedience, by Stanley Milgram Essays - If a person of authority ordered you inflict a 15 to 400 volt electrical shock on another innocent human being, would you follow your direct orders. That is the question that Stanley Milgram, a psychologist at Yale University tested in the 1960’s. Most people would answer “no,” to imposing pain on innocent human beings but Milgram wanted to go further with his study. Writing and Reading across the Curriculum holds a shortened edition of Stanley Milgram’s “The Perils of Obedience,” where he displays an eye-opening experiment that tests the true obedience of people under authority figures....   [tags: the perils of obedience, stanley milgram]
:: 1 Works Cited
1490 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Evolutionary Developmental Biology Essay - Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) was instituted in the early 1980s as a distinctive field of study to characterise the new synthesis of evolution hypothesis (Müller, 2007). Evo-devo is regarded as a new rule in evolutionary biology and a complement to neo-Darwinian theories. It has formed from the combination of molecular developmental biology and evolutionary molecular genetics; their integration has helped greatly to understand both of these fields. Evo-devo as a discipline has been exploring the role of the process of individual development and the changes in evolutionary phenotype, meaning the developmental procedure by which single-celled zygotes grow to be multicellular or...   [tags: Biology ] 2219 words
(6.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Perils of Obedience by Stanley Milgram Essay - “The Perils of Obedience” was written by Stanley Milgram in 1974. In the essay he describes his experiments on obedience to authority. I feel as though this is a great psychology essay and will be used in psychology 101 classes for generations to come. The essay describes how people are willing to do almost anything that they are told no matter how immoral the action is or how much pain it may cause.      This essay even though it was written in 1974 is still used today because of its historical importance....   [tags: Stanley Milgram The Perils of Obedience] 819 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Evolutionary Development Biology Essay - Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) has been instituted in the early 1980s as a distinctive field of study to characterize the new synthesis of evolution hypothesis (Müller, 2007). Evo-devo has been regarded as a new rule in evolutionary biology and complement to the neo- Darwinian theories. It has formed from the molecular developmental biology and evolutionary molecular genetics that their integration helps to greatly understand both of them into the recent evo-devo. Evo-devo as discipline has been explored the role of the process of individual development and the evolutionary phenotype changes that is mean the developmental procedure by which single-celled zygotes grow to be mul...   [tags: Biology, Embryology] 2144 words
(6.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Synthetic Model of Bioethical Inquiry Essay - Bioethics and the Synthetic Model of Bioethical Inquiry ABSTRACT: Bioethics, viewed as both a form of reflective practice and a developing discipline, is concerned with the moral aspects of health care practice and research. With its steady maturation in the domain of moral discourse, bioethics has presided over a number of questions about the nature of human illness and how problems imposed by illness can be understood in an age marked not only by progress, but also by the concomitant fear that such progress will outstrip our humanity and our dignity as persons....   [tags: Biology]
:: 10 Works Cited
4909 words
(14 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Advantages and Feasibility of Using Synthetic Oils in Production Vehicles - ABSTRACT During a recent company meeting, we discussed the benefits of substituting a synthetic based motor oil for the conventional petroleum based oil now used in our new production vehicles. This report investigates the advantages and feasibility of using synthetic oils. Several oil manufacturers, as well as top engineers and engine builders, have submitted first hand information on this topic and strongly support the use of synthetic oil. The use of this product will benefit our company in may ways, Singlehandedly, synthetic oils will boost power and fuel economy of every one of our vehicles, giving us high marks with prospective buyers of new vehicles as well as environmental agencie...   [tags: Synthetic Motor Oil]
:: 4 Works Cited
673 words
(1.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Biology Essay - Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics....   [tags: Biology]
:: 4 Works Cited
2806 words
(8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]