Smoking Cannabis Virtually Doubles the Risk of Developing Mental Illness such as Schizophrenia

:: 8 Works Cited
Length: 1074 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The media are often guilty of presenting studies in a way that leads to misinterpretation by the public. A recent BBC news article reads “Cannabis use ‘raises psychosis risk’ – Study” and the Daily Mail warns “Cannabis use ‘doubles risk of psychosis for teenagers”. Such headlines give the impression that there has been a clear causal relationship found between smoking cannabis and the development of mental illnesses (News, 2011; Hope, 2011).
Kuepper et al. (2011), the study referred to above, reported that cannabis use is a risk factor for the development of incident psychotic symptoms (short-lasting individual symptoms). They found that cannabis users were almost twice as likely to report incident psychotic symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] of 1.9). Kuepper et al. said continued use might increase the risk of developing a psychotic disorder due to increased incidents— Referring to Cougnard et al. (2007) who suggested that increased persistence of environmental triggers might lead to conditions that are more serious: Kuepper et al. suggested that the increased incident psychotic symptoms could lead to greater persistence of symptoms with those predisposed to developing a psychotic disorder, such as schizophrenia.
Other studies over recent years have reported similar associations between cannabis use and incident psychotic symptoms in those with a predisposition for psychosis (Henquet et al., 2005). Lower risk for those without a predisposition for psychosis. Henquet et al. (2005) concluded that cannabis use moderately increases risk of psychotic symptoms, but has a stronger effect in those with a predisposition for psychotic symptoms.
A recent meta-analysis of major studies looking at the relationship between earlier onset o...

... middle of paper ...

...e, predisposition for psychosis, and psychotic symptoms in young people. BMJ, 330(11), doi: 10.1136/bmj.38267.664086.63.
Hope, J. (2011, March 3). Cannabis use 'doubles risk of psychosis for teenagers'. Retrieved March 8, 2011, from MailOnline:
Kuepper. (2011). Continued cannabis use and risk of incidence and persistence of psychotic symptoms: 10 year follow-up cohort study. BMJ, Published online March 1, 2011, doi: 10.1136/bmj.d738.
Large, M., Sharma, S., Compton, M., Slade, T., & Nielssen, O. (2011). Cannabis Use and Earlier Onset of Psychosis. Archives of General Psychiatry. Published online February 7, 2011. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.5.
Wade, D. (2005, February). Cannabis Use and Schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry: Letter to the Editor, 162(401).

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Developing a Regional Mental Health Hospital Which Offers A Therapeutic Environment - A. Problem and Its Sittings A.1. Background of the Study Mental health is defined as “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”. Also mental health is an expression of our emotions and signifies a successful adaptation to a range of demands. It describes either a level of cognitive or emotional well-being or an absence of a mental disorder....   [tags: Mental Health] 1330 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Mental Illness and Public Administration Essay - Mental illness is a prevalent issue in our country today. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration estimated that 20-25% of our nations homeless suffer from mental illness (National Coalition for the Homeless, 2009). Many people with mental illness end up in prison without proper care and supportive housing (NAMI, 2011). Without proper care, people with severe mental illness cannot function as productive members of society (HCH Clinician’s Network, 2000). Proper housing, care, and professionals to guide them, the quality of life for people with severe mental illness is poor....   [tags: Mental Health]
:: 10 Works Cited
2072 words
(5.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Schizophrenia The Challenging Mental Illness Essay - Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder characterized by the breakdown of the thought processes, of emotional responsiveness and of contact with reality. The term schizophrenia itself means “fragmented mind.” A person with this disorder has trouble with deciphering between what is “real” and what is “unreal”. (Gur & Johnson, 2006) Symptoms of schizophrenia can be divided into five categories: psychotic symptoms, negative symptoms, cognitive impairment, mood problems, and behavioral disturbances....   [tags: Mental Illness ]
:: 3 Works Cited
947 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Common Mental Disorders in Colombian Women - Introduction The common mental disorders represent a major public health problem. The prevalence of common mental disorders varies according to the method of evaluation, either with the use of a scale or conducting an interview. The prevalence of common mental disorders is almost 25%, if it is used the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12).1 Common mental disorders are more frequent among women than men; it seems that women are more sensitive to stressors. Around the world, common mental disorders produce a negative impact on life quality of many women....   [tags: Mental Health ]
:: 15 Works Cited
1583 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Telepsychiatry: Improving Mental Health Possibilities - INTRODUCTION It is widely recognized that mental illness affects a significant proportion of the population; however, it is complicated to determine exact numbers. This problem can be attributed to such issues as the changing definitions of mental illness as well as difficulties in classifying, diagnosing, and reporting mental disorders. Limitations to adequate mental health services including social stigma, cultural incompatibility between patients and providers, language barriers, lack of insurance and logistical barriers....   [tags: Mental Health]
:: 27 Works Cited
1668 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Mental Health Equality Essay - Mental Health Equality People with serious socio-emotional and emotional disturbances are challenged in many aspects of life. Historically people of color with serious mental health related issues had little assistance and chances to having their needs met equally to Whites. In order to properly or adequately address the emotional and mental wellbeing of everyone on an equal basis, the stigma association must be removed from people of color. Mental Health Perspective In order to function well mentally one is perceived to have a healthy mental perspective....   [tags: Mental Health ]
:: 12 Works Cited
1326 words
(3.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Mental Retardation in American Society Essay - Mental Retardation in American Society Mental retardation is a very serious illness, and most of the American population is ignorant regarding the subject. Approximately 3 percent of people in the U.S. are considered mentally retarded. With a percentage like this, the ignorance on the subject is bizarre. The nation has adopted slang terms such as “retard”, to insult others. Using this term is a way to call someone stupid. But there is a lot that people do not understand about mental disabilities....   [tags: Mental Retardation Disabilities Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
1095 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Cannabis Legalization - Cannabis Legalization Discuss: “Cannabis is no more harmful than tobacco or alcohol and should, therefore, be legalised.” There has recently been much debate in the media about the decriminalisation of cannabis, both for recreational and medicinal use. This topic has proved controversial especially in political circles. Drawing on evidence from recent press reports, research on the web and recent publications, this essay will assess the evidence of how harmful cannabis really is. In 1971 Cannabis was reclassified by parliament and became a schedule 1 drug....   [tags: social issues]
:: 12 Works Cited
1225 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Legalize Cannabis Essay - Cannabis is a very controversial plant, and through history, the way that people see this plant has changed depending on the different cultures. Sometimes, it has been used as a medicine, and other times condemned as a slow suicide. In the modern era, the controversy attained its highest level; a lot of developed countries are thinking about the rehabilitation of cannabis. This rehabilitation process is based on scientific research that showed that cannabis is harmless and can be used as a medicine for a lot of diseases....   [tags: Sociology] 870 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Cannabis Essay - Cannabis Why to decriminalize cannabis. more and more people are using it, so there is no point to control something that is uncontrollable it is as dangerous and sometimes with even with less consequences then alcohol and tobacco it is better to give a person a ticket for possession rather then destroying their life by sending them to jail pure cannabis is not proven to be addictive or harmful to a person, they just have more tar then cigarettes Why to have cannabis illegal. in 1999 29% of students form grades 7 to 13 in Ontario admitted smoking cannabis at some time in their lives, compared with 13% in 1993....   [tags: essays research papers] 493 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]