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The Aeneid: Virgil's Heroic Underworld - It is clear when reading the Aeneid that Virgil was familiar with the earlier works of Homer, The Iliad and The Odyssey. Virgil, more than just being aware of these earlier works, uses themes and ideas from these poems in his own. Far more than just copying scenes and ideas, Virgil expands and alters these themes to better tell his story, unique from the Greek originals he is drawing from. Virgil reveals what qualities he regards as heroic through the juxtaposition of Aeneas’ character and the negative aspects of the underworld....   [tags: The Aeneid]
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3216 words
(9.2 pages)
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The Analysis of Canonical Literature - In ancient times, people learned of the past and of morals/consequences through word of mouth and stories which influenced their daily lives and how they conducted themselves, and today's times are no exception. Through reading canonical literature, generation after generation can read the same story and gain crucial insight to human actions that have affected life currently. Through reading literature, the reader learns of a legacy set by the people of the past and their decisions. One of the biggest examples in literature is that of the fall of man reiterated from the Bible in Paradise Lost when Milton says, "Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit/Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal...   [tags: reading, ancient times, culture, literature]
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1142 words
(3.3 pages)
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Homer's Epic Poem, The Odyssey - ... This contrasts with Achilles' lack of sophrosune because Achilles is very rash in the decisions he makes in Troy as shown, in Book 1 when "down on the ground he dashed the scepter" (1.287) after his quarrel with Agamemnon. By doing this, he gives up all the power he once had, making him an outcast. Furthermore, additional proof of Odysseus' ability to think through situations is demonstrated in Book 6 when Nausicaa and her maids wake Odysseus up and he, naked, steps out of the bushes and contemplates about whether he should "fling his arms around her knees, plead for help, or stand back, plead with a winning word" (6.156)....   [tags: intellectual hero, martial hero, intelligence]
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1058 words
(3 pages)
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Creation Of Myths and Traditions - Creation Of Myths Myths are the stories behind a culture belief and their traditions. “Authentic myths and supplementary stories were both brought together in the spacious frame of heroic poetry.” (Bowra 107) When did the Creation Myths begin and what effects did it have on the people?The Asians, the Christians and Greeks have their own opinion on the creation of myths and how it affected them. Greek mythology believe it all started with a god name Chaos who created a world full of war. Asian mythology say it all began with one of the Chinese myths talking about The Chinese Dragon Kings, mythical figures from Taoism....   [tags: stories, greek experience, the genesis]
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1689 words
(4.8 pages)
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Alexander the Great: History's Greatest - ... Showing the initiative a great leader needs, Alexander assembled an army and defeated the Maedi. After capturing their stronghold he renamed it Alexandropolis; the sixteen year old boy had captured his first city. Another two years passed and King Philip II gave Alexander a commanding post among senior generals as Macedonia invaded Greece (History of Macedonia). The Greeks were defeated at the battle of Chaeronea and Alexander defeated the Theban Secret Band. This, some ancient historians say, was a huge contributing factor to the overall Macedonian victory....   [tags: conquered, world, model, leader, ideas, influece] 1260 words
(3.6 pages)
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John Keats: The Next Shakespeare - ... The second structure Keats uses in his poems is personification, which can mostly be seen in “Ode on a Grecian Urn.” The use of personification in this poem can be seen when the poem states, “Sylvan historian, who canst thus express.” (Keats, Ode to a Grecian Urn, page 891, line 3) In these lines Keats is comparing the urn to a historian because of the ancient art work that covers the side of the urn. Keats throughout the entire poem talks to the urn as if it is a real person, he almost has a real conversation with is almost like two people would have together....   [tags: Poet, Structure, Poems]
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827 words
(2.4 pages)
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Alexander the Great - Alexander the Great Born Late July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia Died June,10 323 BC in The Palace of Nabukodonossor, Babylon Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon, (Alexander the Great, Alexander III of Macedon), King of Macedonia, was born in July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia. He was one of the greatest military geniuses in history. His father, Philip II of Macedon, was a brilliant ruler and strategist. His mother was Olympias, princess of Epirus, daughter of King Neoptolemus. Arixstandros Telmisy, a renowned dream interpreter, determined that Olympias was pregnant, and that the child would have the character of a lion....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Science Essays]
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2597 words
(7.4 pages)
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Building an Effective School - Administrative leaders must have a clear vision of their school, a plan for getting there, and an ability to communicate effectively their mission and goals to the learning community. Leaders must recognize how to achieve the process of change by challenging well-established beliefs and behaviors of the community. Encourage resistors to adapt to innovative ideas in the school community. Dr. Hunter clearly articulated goals to all stakeholders in all aspects of the school culture. The guides developed by the Local Administrators Partnership Strand (ILIAD) addresses standards and procedures on ensuring quality service as leaders....   [tags: Educational Issues]
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1246 words
(3.6 pages)
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Seven Great Historical Heroes - Throughout history, epic heroes have been born in many ways. Through real life, through stories etc. They come from all sorts of different cultures. They come in many different shapes and sizes. Each one is different in almost every way. Except for being heroes. There are seven heroes that my English class has learned about, that are crucial to epic story history. Each one brings his own spice to the table, or maybe even a round table. The seven heroes that can be compared in history are Achilles, Odysseus, Aeneas, Socrates, Gilgamesh, Beowulf, and Arthur: and they can be because they are seven of the most important people in human history....   [tags: Comparison, Historical Literature]
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1142 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Aneid by Virgil - Aeneas is a siege survivor and founder of the Rome. Aeneas has essentially gone from rock bottom and climbed all the way to the top throughout his journey. And although he is a pawn of fate, Aeneas is the face of an epic hero, like many we have previously discussed: Hector, Achilles, and Odysseus. He seems to carry traits from all three of these men. As well as, these traits directly tie to Virgil’s implication of pietas, severitas, and gravitas, all of which are embodied in Aeneas. Aeneas is comparable to Hector in pietas (devotion)....   [tags: influential epic poems] 883 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Epic of Beowulf - ... "Beowulf" meets all the features of an epic poem: it is a long narration of a national hero ( he is recognized, rewarded and glorified by the king himself and his people), his travel on the sea, his adventures and the heroic episodes he's the central figure in. Moreover, the main protagonist, Beowulf, is a brave young man, like Gilgamesh, Achilles or Hercules, with more-than-human strength and wiser, more courageous than others. Unlike the other epic heroes we have studied untill now, Beowulf is giving us a detailed self-description when he meets the king :"In my youth I have done many glorious deed....   [tags: oldest anglo-saxon poem in English] 722 words
(2.1 pages)
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herody Free Essays on Homer's Odyssey - Heroic or Disloyal Men? - The Men of The Odyssey: Heroic or Disloyal. In Homer’s The Iliad, Achilles’ shield is described in great depth. On one portion of the shield, there is fashioned a scene with a golden herd of straight-horn cattle. They are being led along a fruitful riverside by a group of four golden shepherds and nine hounds. Two lions approach the herd, and mutilate a mighty bull. The shepherds can do nothing but watch, as they dare not approach the predators. This scene is crucial in understanding the behavior of Odysseus’ men in the sequel to this epic, (The Iliad, p....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1251 words
(3.6 pages)
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Agamemnon as a Tyrant as Described by Plato's "The Republic" - Many societal ills in a given culture can be attributed to the pride that develops in leaders and the aggressive effect this nature has on the need for personal gain. In his work The Republic, Plato spends a great deal of time outlining his vision of a society in which man's arrogant and competitive nature is unable to root itself into the government of the city, thus creating a completely just and good society. Nevertheless, even Plato realized that because of the inevitable influence of man's lust for power, no society could retain a perfectly just government forever....   [tags: World Literature] 1274 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Use of Symbols and Symbolism in Homer's Odyssey - The Use of Symbolism in Homer's Odyssey There are three signs in the Odyssey which are quite significant to the epic and are symbolic of different things. The first sign is the scar, the second sign is the bow and the third sign is the bed. "Note the importance of signs in the works of Homer, such as the sign of the burning ship in the Iliad. Then there is a long flashback telling how Odysseus got the scar and the significance of it. The scar is symbolically important, for it defines who he is -- and what he is....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 942 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Education of Odysseus in Books 9-12 -     Books 9-12 are a tale of a journey in which the protagonist does not remain the same throughout. He changes due to the places he has been, people he has met and things he has done. These four books are almost entirely spoken by Odysseus and thus we are able to receive a first hand report.               At the start his wanderings, Odysseus leaves Troy with his Ithacan fleet and in a short time they come to Ismarus, the city of the Cicones. Odysseus states simply that he "sacked this place" and there they took "vast plunder"....   [tags: Odyssey Essays]
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3168 words
(9.1 pages)
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Orality and the Problem of Memory - Orality and the Problem of Memory It’s Friday night. You are out with your friends and glance at your watch only to notice you are already twenty minutes past curfew. An images pops into your mind of both your parents sitting in front of the door waiting to greet you. Seeing as how you are late, this is the last thing you want to occur. You are afraid. You do not want a face-to-face confrontation. You know what this type of communication will entail – emotion, anger, punishment, involvement – you directly living the consequences of your experience....   [tags: Hobart Schiffman Communication Essays] 1483 words
(4.2 pages)
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Thucydides and Homer: Cultures - Thucydides and Homer: Cultures Thucydides and Homer, though they lived a relatively short 300 years apart, wrote about very different Greek cultures. While the Greeks who Homer wrote about in The Iliad were, in many respects, dissimilar to the Greeks in Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, this stands in marked contrast to the profound similarities that exist between contemporary cultures and those that Thucydides wrote of. There are, however, similarities between modern cultures and those in Homer’s writing, as well as differences between modern ones and those in Thucydides’ writing....   [tags: Cultural Greece Thucydides Homer Papers]
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1806 words
(5.2 pages)
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Paris the Cowardly Prince - Paris the Cowardly Prince Though the Iliad made mention of extreme bravery; it also covers the opposite end of the scale: cowardliness. Paris, depicted at first as woman crazed, sex obsessed, and egotistic (he never leaves these descriptions), was also viewed as a coward as early as Book III. Paris, who fought bravely towards the end of the war, is a misunderstood Trojan who just wanted to have fun. Paris was first depicted as a coward when he belted out orders to the troops while he was safe inside the walls of the city....   [tags: Papers] 812 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Illiad - THE ILLIAD The name “Homer” is synonymous with great tales of heroic poetry. Although this genre of poetry hails the distinctness of being “Homeric” it is not certain that Homer himself actually existed. The book Prolegomena ad Hoerum, published in 1795 CE. written by F.A. Wolf, translated “The Homeric Problem”, set in motion numerous debates among scholars concerning Homers existence, and the fact that Homer may have been a group of writers, and not just one man. If we accept that Homer existed, we believe that Homer, was a blind Greek bard, that traveled throughout Ionia reciting his poetry in exchange for room and board....   [tags: Essays Papers] 699 words
(2 pages)
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An Epic Odyssey - The stories of epic heroes remain important to many cultures, the Greeks in particular. These tales of heroic men not only entertain, but they teach people about morals and values that most epic heroes exemplify, such as intelligence and bravery. To be an epic hero, characters are usually highly born, favored by the gods, perform great deeds, and have flaws. These tales are told in heightened style and occur in grand settings. Odysseus, the King of Ithaca, meets these traits and is considered a prime example of an epic hero....   [tags: Character Analysis] 1546 words
(4.4 pages)
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Fighting With Integrity - In the 4 books we read, Freedom’s Children, The Pearl, Schooled, and The Iliad, the main protagonists all fight with integrity. In Freedom’s Children, the black kids fight with integrity by protesting to gain freedom. In The Pearl, Kino fights with integrity by fighting for freedom in the form of protest. In Schooled, Cap fights with integrity y being non- violent by protesting. People fight with integrity by protesting for what they believe i. Claudette Colvin fought with integrity by doing what she thinks is right....   [tags: Literary Analysis ] 916 words
(2.6 pages)
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Morality of Today - Olympian morality was potent in ancient Greek society yet it is incomplete by today’s moral standards of what is acceptable. Modern morality is not only taught through actions, stories or experiences however constructed by the feelings within. In both, The Iliad and the Hesiod, external actions are the most important however, without logos, a look into the soul no decisions are made by choice. Eris, the force of pulling apart and Eros, the force of pushing together were vital pieces in the aspect of morality through traditional Greek society....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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1842 words
(5.3 pages)
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Alexander the Great - Alexander the Great, son of King Philip II of Macedonia, underwent a journey of overwhelming odds. Alexander led his army through multiple victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without the agony of a single defeat. A noteworthy battle of Alexander was the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 B.C.E. The Battle of Gaugamela is significant because it ended Darius’s rule over Persia. [new par.] There are several forces and factors that contribute in making Alexander the Great superior as a leader....   [tags: Ancient Greece ]
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1736 words
(5 pages)
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Hamlet and Archilles - ... The nature of their obligations is different, but it does seem that each man feels the same about that obligation. While Achilles is spurred to rage and Hamlet more to a quiet approach, the two feel that they have a holy obligation, Hamlet to God and Achilles to Athena and Zeus, to slay the killer of their beloved person. Hamlet is in a very real sense not a brave or decisive individual. When he declares after seeing the Poles fight and die for this cause that has very little to do with them, “...from this time forth/My thoughts be bloody or nothing worth!” (Shakespeare 2473)....   [tags: human emotions, motivations, human stories]
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1110 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Sicilian Expidition - The Sicilian Expedition is the decisive event in the Peloponnesian war, and in his account, Thucydides makes sure the reader is aware of this fact. Thucydides conveys the importance of this event through direct statements and also literary and narrative techniques in his writing. In the beginning of book six of his history, Thucydides makes an allusion to Troy, which stresses an air of historical importance for the narration of the Sicilian expedition. Although the Trojan war and the campaign in Sicily are very different in respect to time period and outcome, they do contain several similarities....   [tags: Politics] 911 words
(2.6 pages)
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Forgive and Forget - The rage that first overtook Achilles in the Iliad eventually subsides to compromise with his king, reconciliation with his enemies, and complete acceptance of his fate. The quarrel that incites Achilles anger is never resolved but is instead put into the past by a compromise with Agamemnon. Achilles' anger over the death of Patrokolus rages until the death and disgrace of Hector. Only through avenging his fallen comrade can Achilles accept his fate and quell his fury. After the disgrace of Hector and the ransoming of his body, a complete and meaningful reconciliation between Priam and Achilles resolves the epic....   [tags: World Literature] 884 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Classical World - The Classical World The Classical World made many contributions to the development of science, literature, and ethics. These contributions have influenced the modern world today. Many mathematicians, astronomers, and scientists contributed to the development of many of the luxuries we enjoy today. Homer, author of The Iliad and The Odyssey, made contributions to the field of literature through his writing. In the field of ethics, many philosophers from the Classical World contributed to the standards, values, and principles of our society today....   [tags: essays research papers] 551 words
(1.6 pages)
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Marie de Frances' Eliduc, Boccaccio's Ninth Tale of the Fifth Day, and Shakespeare's As You Like It - Comparing Women in Marie de Frances' Eliduc, Boccaccio's Ninth Tale of the Fifth Day, and Shakespeare's As You Like It   Whether it is Greco-Roman, Judeo-Christian, or Renaissance writing, women have always played a significant role in literature. Sometimes they act as counterparts to men, but sometimes they dominate the storyline themselves. Helen of Troy, Guildeluec, Monna Giovanna, and Rosalind, among others, prove to be just as vital characters as the men in their stories. Whether it is beauty, kindness, or strength, each one contributes significantly to the grandeur of the classic in which she is a part....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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877 words
(2.5 pages)
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A Comparison of Leadership Abilities of Odysseus in Odyssey and Aeneas in Aeneid - Comparing the Leadership Abilities of Odysseus in Odyssey and Aeneas in Aeneid      These two heroes have embarked from the same destination but on very different journeys. Whilst they are both Iliadic heroes at the start of their stories, they develop and adapt their manner towards the characteristics required of them to succeed. Before we judge them, it is necessary to determine our definition of a successful leader. A hero from the Iliad must be "a speaker of words and one who is accomplished in action", according to the horseman Phoinix (Iliad.9.413)....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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3499 words
(10 pages)
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Comparing and Contrasting the Epics of Homer and Virgil's Aeneid - Comparing and Contrasting the Epics of Homer and Virgil's Aeneid Books I and II of Aeneid are an account of Virgil's adventures narrated by him. He includes the actions of the gods in his point of view. The tone of the epic is tragic and sympathetic. Books I-IV is Aeneas wanderings. "In the first half of the epic, Aeneas tells the story of the siege of Troy and his escape, causing Dido to love him. Venus and Juno contrive to isolate Dido and Aeneas in a cave during a hunting trip, and there the two lovers consummate their affair....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
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990 words
(2.8 pages)
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Myth of Courage Exposed in The Things They Carried - Ah for a young man all looks fine and noble if he goes down in war, hacked to pieces under a slashing bronze blade he lies there dead. . .but whatever death lays bare all wounds are marks of glory. (Homer 22.83-87)   As students we are brainwashed by ancient myths such as The Iliad, where war is extolled and the valorous warrior praised. Yet, modern novels such as Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried (THINGS) challenge those very notions. Like The Iliad, THINGS is about war. It is about battles and soldiers, victory and survival, yet the message O'Brien gives us in THINGS runs almost contradictory to the traditional war story....   [tags: The Things They Carried]
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2673 words
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Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey - Destiny, Fate and Free Will in Homer's Odyssey     Fate seems to defy humanity at every turn.  A man may have his life planned out to the last second, but then some random force intervenes and he dies the second after he has completed his life plan.  Some believe in fate, believing that our lives are predetermined from the moment we are born.  Other people believe that everything is random, the result of some god rolling the dice in a universal poker game.  Still other people believe that each and every person is in total control of his or her destiny, every step of the way.  Who is to say which viewpoint is false?  Every culture has a unique perception of the role of fate in our lives, an...   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]
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2296 words
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Important Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey -   For the Greeks, Homer's Odyssey was much more than just an entertaining tale of gods, monsters, and men, it served as cultural paradigm from which every important role and relationship could be defined.  This book, much more so than its counter part The Iliad, gives an eclectic view of the Achean's peacetime civilization.  Through Odyssey, we gain an understanding of what is proper or improper in relationships between father and son, god and mortal, servant and master, guest and host, and--importantly--man and woman.  Women play a vital role in the movement of this narrative.  Unlike in The Iliad, where they are chiefly prizes to be won, bereft of identity, the women of Odyssey are unique...   [tags: The Role of Women in The Odyssey]
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1720 words
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The Underworld, Logos, and the Poetic Imagination - The Underworld, Logos, and the Poetic Imagination I In the Odyssey of Homer, Odysseus travels to the underworld and meets the soul of Achilles, who bitterly comments on existence after death: O shining Odysseus, never try to console me for dying. I would rather follow the plow as thrall to another man, one with no land allotted him and not much to live on, than be a king over all the perished dead.[1] The ancient Greek interpretation of death, as expressed by Homer, portrays the Underworld as a horrible place, terrifying in its monotony and lack of meaning; and Death is something to be feared and avoided as long as possible....   [tags: Essays Papers] 3080 words
(8.8 pages)
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Diomedes: One of the Finest Greek Soldiers - In The Iliad, by Homer, many of the characters can qualify as the Greek definition of a hero. In this epic, a hero is not solely represented as the most valiant warrior but rather on other characteristics that can be admired. Diomedes possesses these characteristics that represent a hero on and off of the battlefield. Thus, he is one of the greatest heroes of the entire epic. To the Greeks, besides being a skilled warrior, a hero contains several other admirable characteristics. For example, they must respect all aspects of authority....   [tags: World Literature] 743 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Greek Concept of the Epic Hero - In classical Greek literature, the epic hero is usually defined in terms of the contrasting characters of Achilles and Odysseus, the most important figures in Homer's great epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey. Achilles, the greatest warrior of the Greeks in the Trojan war, is actually a demi-god rather than a human hero, having been dipped in charmed waters by his mother and given the gift of invulnerability. Odysseus, on the other hand, is a fully human character, and his heroism consists more in his cleverness, boldness and cunning than his martial ability....   [tags: Papers] 1119 words
(3.2 pages)
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Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey - The Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey      "Homer's Odyssey is the product of a society in which men played the dominant role"(Pomeroy 22). Throughout history, women have retained a submissive role in society. For the longest time, society itself was organized and directed by men, and all of the most important enterprises were those that men implemented. Women participated in the affairs of the world only when they had the permission of the men who directed their lives.             The literature of a of masculine society, of which Homer's Odyssey is an excellent example, aptly illustrates these social conventions....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]
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936 words
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The Character Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey - The Character Odysseus in Odyssey "Odyssey" is an epic story that has been a significant piece of literature since it was first composed and will remain so for ages to come. One of the reasons it has been so is because of the hero, Odysseus. Odysseus is one of the first Greek mythic heroes renowned for his brain as well as his muscle. Indeed he is a man with an inquiring mind, and he is also a man with outstanding prowess and bravery" (123helpme.com/assets/3603.html). "We also must not forget that he is a top-notch athlete which only adds more to this seemingly insuperable character....   [tags: Odyssey essays] 1048 words
(3 pages)
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The way Homer conveys his stories to the audience - The Way Homer Conveys his Stories to the Audience Homer who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey used a number of different techniques to convey his poems and stories to his audience. I will be writing about these in this essay. Right from the beginning of Book 9 we see Homer’s ability to convey the story well, he starts it with a monologue from Odysseus to King Alcinous on his adventure. It gets right into the action which would’ve held his audiences interest throughout. He finds ways to get around justifying things by ‘pushing’ Odysseus right out of the known world round Cape Malea into the unknown....   [tags: Literature] 455 words
(1.3 pages)
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We Are Not the Greeks - Shelley once said, "We are all Greeks," a sentiment which was echoed by many of his contemporaries who shared his belief that theirs was an age of achievement comparable to the Greeks.[1] Even beyond that era, people today hold a widespread belief that, although we aren't quite Greek ourselves, we are quite capable of understanding them, and that we have an innate familiarity with the Greek tradition. Our claim of an affinity to Greek literature can be found almost anywhere in modern society; the intelligentsia sprinkle allusions to all things Greek in books and films; the reference to Homer is considered the calling card of academic legitimacy....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
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3169 words
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Archaeology and the Trojan War - Archaeology and the Trojan War “… he [Heinrich Schliemann] found layers of ruins … and two bore unmistakable signs of violent destruction. One of these layers, the seventh according to more recent excavators, was no doubt the city of Priam and Hector. The historicity of the Homeric tale had been demonstrated archaeologically.” - M.I. Finley, the World of Odysseus Introduction The Trojan War and its characters are detailed in the writings of Homer, Vergil, Dante and many others. It is a fantastical tale of a decade-long siege of a powerful city by a massive pan-hellenic force....   [tags: Archaeology Ancient World History]
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1694 words
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Report On Alexander The Great - Alexander the Great was one of the greatest ruler’s and conquerors of all time. He conquered the mighty Persian Empire and most of the known world at that time. Alexander was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. He was the son of an excellent general and organizer, named Philip II King of Macedon. His mother was Olympias, princess of Epirus. She was brilliant and hot-tempered. Alexander inherited the best qualities of both his parents. But he was even more ambitious than his father....   [tags: essays research papers] 1822 words
(5.2 pages)
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What Started the Trojan War - What Started the Trojan War Most information that the world has today that deals with the history of ancient Greece is in the literature from the time. Great epics such as the Iliad and the Odyssey, from the unknown poet Homer, make up most of the literature that has even been found from this era. The problem with getting our history from literary sources is that when Homer first recited his Iliad he was actually trying to entertain, so all of the information might not be accurate, although based on actual events....   [tags: Papers] 788 words
(2.3 pages)
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History and Development of Robotics - Robotics ABSTRACT This paper discusses three aspects of the field of robotics The first is the history of where the ideas of robotics originated. Second, what was the effect that these ideas had on society. Finally, what developments in the field have proved to be useful to society. INTRODUCTION "Klatuu verita nicto!" These are the words spoken to turn away the robot that would destroy the earth in the movie The Day the Earth Stood Still. Hollywood has portrayed the robot as both a friend and an enemy....   [tags: Robotics Robot]
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1553 words
(4.4 pages)
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Homeric Rage and Heroism - After reading the ancient Greek stories entitled The Iliad and Medea, authored by Homer and Euripides, respectively, I realized a startling and disturbing truth involving society during ancient Greek times. It seems as though no matter how similar the circumstances, or how similar the action undertaken and the reason for undertaking such an action, women in ancient Greek society were never, ever, regarded as being heroic. While a man who chose to commit selfishly rageful atrocities during this period was considered admirable, honorable, and was revered by others, the same truth did not apply to women, even if they were essentially forced into a similar situation....   [tags: World Literature] 1116 words
(3.2 pages)
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Patterson in Heroic Literature - Patterson in Heroic Literature English 283 discusses many themes of British Literature, covering novels from ancient to modern times. These themes are evident in the personality of the main character, usually the hero, of each novel. These themes include loss of a close friendship and great displays of violence. However, one prominent theme in most of the novels is that the hero waits until the moment when he most needed to become a leader. The hero often begins as a quiet character and then transforms, by taking authority and command, into a heroic leader....   [tags: Papers] 1030 words
(2.9 pages)
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Storytelling in The Odyssey - Storytelling in The Odyssey The story of Odyssey comes from a time when storytellers spread tales of heroes and heroic deeds. The Greeks have been known to tell their stories of their heroes in oral tradition. The first few lines of the Odyssey is the narrator asking a Muse to help him tell the story of Odysseus. The story is also filled with dialogue, which might indicate that it is a form of theatre and that these lines were performed orally. From the first few lines, the Odyssey could be recognized as a story that is told rather then read....   [tags: Papers] 580 words
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Gender Roles - The term gender roles refers to the set of social and behavioral norms that are considered appropriate for individuals of a certain gender. These roles vary between cultures. Gender roles, unlike gender itself, are socially constructed. They may reflect the natural aspirations of the gender, or they may be manipulated, resulting in the oppression of a gender. Historically, gender roles have not always been consistent with those we have today. Though in many ancient societies men have been dominant to women, there are example where women have been considered equal to men, and where women have been dominant over men....   [tags: Gender Oppression]
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Greek Medicine - Despite all of the Western medical advances in the past couple of years, do not think the West went unaided. Many forget who some of the first pioneers of medicine were. Does Hippocrates sound familiar. Greek physicians were some of the first to set the morals of medicine that are used today. Without those morals or standards, Hippocratic medicine wouldn’t exist and underdeveloped medicine would take its place. Ordinary checkups and lifesaving surgeries would be completely different experiences than the ones many face today....   [tags: history, health]
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Women of the Epics - Women of the Epics In Homer's epics women were very respected by journey and warrior men. The women were looked upon as beautiful, nurturing human beings. The mortal women in Homer's "Iliad" were mostly known for being faithful wives and very giving mothers. These women care for their children, such as Odysseus's mother did, when he was in great need of confidence and reassurance. After the death of Odysseus's mother, she returned as a shade from the underworld to tell Odysseus, "Your wife weeps for your return as she lives in your house with a loyal heart, and your son has kept your kingdom whole."(90) This gave Odysseus the confidence in his heart to continue on home to Ithaca, to reun...   [tags: Papers] 354 words
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The Humanization of Achilles - Homer illustrates that it is a difficult task to travel down the road of compassion and to overcome rage, but in The Iliad, Achilles achieved it. The ?swift runner. expresses his fury throughout the epic poem. The initial insensitivity and stubborn temper of Achilles in the first books lead to the eventual humanization of Achilles. Achilles was given a gift, the gift of being the best warrior there was, and being the son of a goddess didn?t hurt his confidence either. Achilles had more than confidence he was cocky and thought that the world revolved around him....   [tags: essays research papers] 488 words
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Achilles Doom - “To be, or not to be, that is the question. Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them.” Though written centuries after the death of Achilles, this quote from Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” speaks honestly of his life. The epic poem, “The Iliad” of Homer, is a story of the journey of his soul, and his attempts to escape his fate. He questions his fate set out for him by the gods, pondering whether or not he should die for the sake of war, and it is by this questioning of the divine judgment of the gods that he brings doom upon himself....   [tags: essays research papers] 1432 words
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Homer's The Odyssey - Homer's "The Odyssey" The Odyssey is a companion to The Iliad, a story of the Trojan War. Both The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic poems written by Homer. In The Odyssey, Homer relates the misadventures of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, that occur during the decade following the defeat of Troy. In doing so, the fates of his fellow warriors are also made known. The Odyssey begins on Mount Olympus, in the palace of Zeus, king of the gods, where a discussion takes place regarding the woes of humans and their determination to blame it on the gods....   [tags: Homer Odyssey Epic Poem Essays] 1642 words
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Achilles Vs Odysseus - Achilles Odysseus Homer's two central heroes, Odysseus and Achilles, are in many ways differing manifestations of the same themes. While Achilles' character is almost utterly consistent in his rage, pride, and near divinity, Odysseus' character is difficult to pin down to a single moral; though perhaps more human than Achilles, he remains more difficult to understand. Nevertheless, both heroes are defined not by their appearances, nor by the impressions they leave upon the minds of those around them, nor even so much by the words they speak, but almost entirely by their actions....   [tags: World Literature Homer]
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Alexander The Great - Few historical figures stand out in the same degree as that of Alexander the Great. He was a warrior by 16, a commander at age 18, and was crowned King of Macedon by the time he was 20 years old. He did things in his lifetime that others could only dream about. Alexander single-handedly changed the nature of the ancient world in just over a decade. There were many attributes that made Alexander “Great.” He was a brilliant strategist and an inspired leader; he led by example and was a conqueror at heart....   [tags: World History Biography Alexander Great]
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Achilles Changes - The Iliad, a book by Homer about the Trojan War, focuses a lot on Achilles and his internal struggle with his personal desires. In the time of the Trojan War, there was an unspoken code of morals and how warriors of honor should follow. If they did not fight or acted cowardly it not only brought them shame but their family name was looked down on. Warriors that were defeated weren’t always killed because they were sometimes taken prisoner to be used for ransom money or gifts. However, in the Iliad, Homer shows that sympathy rarely is evident in war....   [tags: essays research papers] 553 words
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Troy Revisited - As the movie begins, King Agamemnon sweeps across the land with his mighty army and shows that his biggest strength is not in his army, but in one man, named Achilles, who seems to despise the king. After he wins the battle he is shown trying to broker peace between his kingdom and the princes of Troy - Hector and Paris. Young Paris, a known womanizer, steals the beautiful Helen, the wife of Agamemnon's brother Menelaus, and takes her with him back to Troy. This sparks a battle and gives Agamemnon the chance to seize Troy....   [tags: Film] 414 words
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CLassical vs. Hellenistic - A range of sculptural styles appeared during the Hellenistic period. For example, a highly academic style, which tells a story through a range of symbolic figures, was used in a relief carved by Archelaos of Priene, The Apotheosis of Homer (150. BC, British Museum, London). The relief was dedicated to the Muses or to Homer and shows the poet along with figures representing the World, Time, Homer’s great epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey, and other literary images and ideas. But perhaps the most distinctive Hellenistic style is one sometimes called Baroque....   [tags: essays research papers] 432 words
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The Heroic Code - The Heroic Code Often, epic heroes can be characterized the same way. They are portrayed as superhuman beings, possessing strength, physical beauty, and intelligence. These heroes aspired to live by a heroic code that would ensure immortality by keeping their memory alive in the people. Homer's The Iliad shows how the heroic code was ingrained in ancient Greek warriors. In many cases, the Greeks put this code of honor above their own lives. During a battle, Glaukos, a Trojan, and Diomedes, an Achaian, encounter one another in a space between the two armies....   [tags: Trojan Princes Epic Heroes Essays] 493 words
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Achilles - In the modern world, people, as a society, have always given themselves a goal or goals that they would like to attain at some point during their lifetime. Many people seek to attain riches, love, happiness or high stature within society. When we people set that goal, we tend to mold our lifestyles around it. As people work throughout their lives to achieve this ultimate goal, it becomes apparent to others what it is we are working so hard for. Just as this pattern is evident in modern society, it can also be seen in the times of Homer, particularly in the great Greek epic, the Iliad....   [tags: essays research papers] 819 words
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The Distinct Epic Format of Ovid's Metamorphoses - The Distinct Epic Format of Ovid's Metamorphoses Ovid's "Metamorphoses" is sometimes argued as a non-epic as well as a true epic. It is mainly viewed as a non-epic because Ovid's subject matter is far from the heroic themes of the "Illiad", "Odyssey", and the "Aeneid" (Keith 237). Ovid was different and was motivated to push the epic beyond its previous boundaries (Ovid). Perhaps in hopes to confirm the structure of his work, Ovid declares that he will undertake "one continuous song in many thousands of verses" (Keith 238-239)....   [tags: Ovid Metamorphoses Essays]
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Greek Gods - The Historical Background - Greek Gods - The Historical Background Greek gods were an essential part of Greek mythology. Our proper knowledge of the ancient Greek gods can be traced back to Homer who wrote The Iliad and The Odysse. It is also believed that the myths were heavily influenced by the Mycenaean culture that existed in Greece from 1700 to 1100 BC. However there is some evidence that the beginnings of Greek mythology and beliefs can be traced back to the ancient Middle Eastern cultures. There are many similarities between the mythology of these ancient Middle Eastern cultures and the ancient Greeks....   [tags: Classics] 561 words
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Wild Thinking in Shakespeare's Macbeth - Works of literature that attract people usually contain some wild thinking. Henry David Thoreau, in his essay “Walking,” makes this assessment of literature: “In literature it is only the wild that attracts us. Dullness is but another name for tameness. It is the uncivilized free and wild thinking in Hamlet and The Iliad, in all scriptures and mythologies, not learned in schools, that delights us.” In the play “Macbeth,” Shakespeare uses “uncivilized free and wild thinking” in order to make the storyline interesting and entertaining....   [tags: Free Macbeth Essays]
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Elements of Ancient Greek Life - In ancient Greece there was a belief that an equal, but justified, negative event offset every positive event. Likewise, a positive experience justified every negative escapade. This Greek belief is apparent in the epic Iliad by Homer in the scenes that Hephaistos fashions onto Achilleus’ new battle shield. The scenes painted on Achilleus’ new shield reflect to the reader the belief that the Greeks had in balance in their lives. In one such spectacle Hephaistos depicts a Greek wedding tradition....   [tags: Ancient Greece Essays] 426 words
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Hammurabi and Alexander the Great - Hammurabi and Alexander the Great Hammurabi, Zhou, Asoka the Great, and Alexander the Great had various means by which they justified their authority and their rule. Each had a very unique style of thoughts and actions. History was changed due to the actions of these rulers. The Zhou was a coalition of several groups that existed during the Shang dynasty. Zhou believed that the Shang failed to uphold religious duties, therefore they attributed their victory over Shang to the Mandate of Heaven....   [tags: Papers] 398 words
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Ancient Greece - I found chapter two particularly interesting because it deals with the ancient Greek culture and life. It is so different than the American way of living, yet there are some similarities that are strikingly close. I feel this is especially relevant in their religion. They had oracles, who were these people who delivered messages from the Gods. I think that is kind of like a priest or minister of some sort, but in the Greek world the oracles were the say all . be all. Apollo was one of the most well known and respected Oracles....   [tags: Ancient Greece Essays] 366 words
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Achilles As Hero - Achilles As Hero Despite the grand scope of Homer’s epics--which present warfare, heroism, adventure and divinity as forces that shape human destiny—The Iliad may be seen as an account of the circumstances that irrevocably alter the life of one man: Achilles, greatest of warriors. Through the course of the poem, Achilles goes through many ordeals, which changes his character immensely.      One example of such a character change is when he is quarreling with Agamemnon. Achilles and Agamemnon have an extreme amount of tension building between the both of them....   [tags: essays research papers] 478 words
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Sidetracked Movies - Movies have been around for as long as I can remember. They may come in many forms or video types, such as film on a reel, beta, VHS, DVDs and many more. Every successful movie tells a certain story, whether it be original, based on a true story, or based on a book. Whatever the case, the scripts are usually original and closely follow the plot they are based on, if there is one. More recently, unfortunately, movies based on novels are being made closer to the ideas of the screenwriter instead of those of the novel....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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Odysseus Polytlos - Odysseus Polytlos The Odyssey is a Greek heroic epic written around the eight century B.C.. James Redfield claims that: "The warriors virtues, further entitle him to claim a social status. But he can claim that status only if he can show that he has the virtues, and he can demonstrate warrior virtues only on the battlefield to claim the status of a hero(Redfield p. 179)." Redfield's interpretation of heroism can be applied more towards the Iliad than the Odyssey. In the Odyssey, Odysseus goes beyond the battlefield to claim the status of a hero....   [tags: European Literature] 784 words
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Greek Religion - Greek Religion The ancient Greeks with their brilliant and imaginative spirit created a complete order of things that functioned harmoniously in the infinite world that contained them. Although its exact origins are lost in time, Greek religion is thought to date from about the 2d millenium B.C., when the culture of Aryan invaders fused with those of the Aegean and Minoan peoples who had inhabited the region of Greece from Neolithic times [1]. The beginning and the genesis of this world occupied the ancient Greeks in much the same way it did the early people of every civilization....   [tags: Papers] 966 words
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The Aeneid - The Aeneid The Aeneid begins and ends with parallels to the Iliad, inviting the reader to consider Virgil's poetry in light of Homer's. The Aeneid is both a tribute to the Homeric style--by imitating it--and an attempt to better it. It is the story of a man who is destined to succeed, and its strength lies more in its secondary characters than in the person of Aeneas. From the very beginning of the poem, when Aeneas flees Troy, there is a sense that he has left part of himself behind there....   [tags: Papers] 388 words
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The Odyssey - The Odyssey is a tale that has changed literature and storytelling. In this tale Odysseus is a Soldier from the battle of Troy trying to get home to his island of Ithaca, where he is king. His wife and son must wait ten years while he is trying to make his way home. In Odysseus’s absence wooer’s, or better known as suitors, learn of his absence and travel to Ithaca to win his wife’s hand in marriage. These men come every day feasting on Odysseus’s food and wine, and give his servant’s orders....   [tags: Essays Papers] 537 words
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Akhilleauss Pride - Akhilleus’s Pride The Iliad is a classic story of a Greek warrior, named Akhilleus, whose anger causes many soldiers to die during the Trojan War. When Akhilleus becomes angry, there seems to be nothing that can stop him from totally destroying his enemy. While many consider anger to be the primary factor in motivating Akhilleus, the main reason Akhilleus acts the way he does is because he is extremely self-centered. Initially, Akhilleus lets his pride control him when King Agamemnon takes his prize possession, Briseis, away from him....   [tags: essays research papers] 491 words
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Classical Mythology - Classical Mythology What would one think if he goes back in time to a period where myths were common. Would one believe it to be true or hold his own opinion. I would say it depends on the situation and on what type of myth it is. Classical period was full of myths. There were many aspects to mythology that were held important in the classical era. One of the most significant aspects of the Greek mythology was that it was the primary concept to put humans at the midpoint of the universe. Not like the animal deities of the Egyptians and Mesopotamians, the gods of the Greeks were human in form....   [tags: essays research papers] 573 words
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Glorious Sceptre - The Immortal Sceptre Within the Iliad Homer portrays through association and symbolism the sceptre as a representation of divine power. Agamemnon is the nominal owner of this sceptre, on which much emphasis is placed in the early stages of the poem. This relic, a sceptre once owned by Zeus, has a kingly and divine past and, as a result, is a symbol of authority, power, and recognition within the kingdom of Greece. Homer’s discussion of the sceptre in Books I and II serves to elucidate these characteristics of the sceptre....   [tags: essays research papers] 553 words
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Sundiata - Epics Sundiata was written in Africa. Gilgamesh was the oldest one written. Other works include the Iliad and the Odyssey, which were written by the blind prophet Homer. What do all these works of literature have in common with each other. The similarity that all these works of literature have is that they are all epics. What does this mean. What is an epic. The definition of an epic is that an epic is a long, narrative poem with a hero that goes on a quest. What is the hero. Well, the characteristics of a hero is that they all go on a quest, which is a long, arduous journey, he usually descends to the underworld, and many other traits are possessed that determine if a hero is an epic hero....   [tags: essays research papers] 961 words
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Agamemnon - Agamemnon Agamemnon is the first play of Aeschylus’ trilogy, the Oresteia. Aeschylus was the first of Athens’ three great tragedians; the others: Sophocles; Euripides. The Oresteia was also the first Greek tragedy trilogy written. As Greeks of this epoch focused on humanist ideas, so did Aeschylus. He devoted his genius to serious contemplations of humanistic questions, such as the nature of justice. Other humanistic values are honor, truth, compassion, loyalty, devotion to family and gods. He credits much of his success to Homer’s epics....   [tags: Papers] 615 words
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Mythology - Mythology The origin of the universe can be explained by modern astronomers and astrophysicists, while archaeologists and historians try to clarify the origin of human societies. In the distant past, however, before any sciences existed, the beginnings of the world and of society were explained by MYTHOLOGY. The dictionary defines mythology as the myths dealing with the gods, demigods, and legendary heroes of a particular people. The word myth is often mistakenly understood to mean fiction-something that never happened, a made-up story or fanciful tale....   [tags: Papers] 1835 words
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Ahprodite/Venus - Aphrodite is the Greek name for the goddess of love and beauty. Roman mythology refers to her as Venus. She charmed gods and men and ¡§stole away even the wits from the wise¡¨ (Hamilton 32). Different stories describe how Aphrodite was created in two different ways. The first tells that she was created from the foam of the Mediterranean Sea and dressed upon her birth by the Seasons before being presented to Zeus. In the Iliad, Aphrodite was the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Zeus married Aphrodite to Hephaestos, who was the least attractive, but most creative of the gods of Mount Olympus....   [tags: Goddes of love and beauty]
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Speech - SMIC is extraordinary in many ways. The only school that comes to my mind that actually has a river running through it. The lunches are controversial. School is a just as much a learning experience for the teachers as apposed to the students, and things getting done three weeks, let alone three months, after promised deadlines are commemorated. All these exclusive factors make SMIC a memorable and (if you don’t mind me saying) quite exquisite. The thing that I love the most about SMIC is that colorful after school life that waits for me every school day after I am dismissed....   [tags: essays research papers] 581 words
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