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The Role of Ancient Gods - When we study ancient Greek and Roman literature, we realize that the world perception in those times, among people, was much different from what it is now. It is especially obvious when we begin to analyze the role of mythical and religious elements in ancient literature. According to the classical Christian theological theory, people’s need for believing in supernatural beings is caused by their fear of nature. This concept strikingly resembles the Marxist explanation - it also names fear as the main factor....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1302 words
(3.7 pages)
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Was 'Troy' The Movie Accurate According To Homer? - Was "Troy" the Movie Accurate According to Homer. Did the movie Troy, released in 2004, accurately depict the story of Homer's epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey, and was it a good movie from a critical point of view. I think it was a good movie from an entertainment standpoint, but it fell short in it's comparison to Homer's epics. As a fan of "epic" movies, I have watched the movie Troy a couple of times. In comparing the movie to the epic, there are various discrepancies between the two....   [tags: Odyseey Homer Movie Comparison Film] 1795 words
(5.1 pages)
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Qualities Illustrated in Archaic and Classical Greek Novels - Western thought and culture grew out of Greek ideals. Since “there is nothing new under the sun,” (Ecclesiastes 1:9) many of the ideals expressed by Homer, Sophocles, and Hesiod ring true for Westerners today. Part of the myth of a tragic hero includes a leadership position of some sort: often noble birth, kingship, or military leadership. Tragic plays like Oedipus Rex, Antigone, and the Iliad served as worship, entertainment, examples of virtue, and cautionary tales. Modern Americans can look back at such works and apply the ideas to selecting and serving as leaders on a national, community, or family level....   [tags: self-control, fairness, moral, service, honor] 1314 words
(3.8 pages)
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Greek Mythology Depicted Through Bronze Age Artwork - In Bronze Age sculptures and artwork, Greek mythological scenes are commonly seen decorating a particular art piece. Each piece of work tells a different story of the heroes, gods, and goddesses; stories of love and death, battles and betrayal. Much of Greek mythology is recorded in some form of art. Scene’s from Homer’s The Iliad are clearly depicted through Bronze Age artwork on display at The Getty Villa in Malibu, California. The Bronze Age is a period that lasted roughly two thousand years, approximately 3200 BC-1200 BC....   [tags: Ancient Society]
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931 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Main Theme in the Ilyad: Anger - ... The wrath of Achilles is provoked by Achilles' sense of honor as a result of discord, which leads to the warrior's alienation from the Greeks and eventually from human society. In the Iliad, the origin of Achillies' anger is a direct result of the action that he perceives as an attack on his personal honor. Agamemnon takes Briseis from Achilles. In response, Achilles renounced from the war, making a bif quarrel both personaly and generally in the war. Achilles cannot reconcile with his desire not to fight honorably with his peopl, because of that he becomes more and more petulant and angry at Agamemnon....   [tags: decisions, wrath, action, society] 675 words
(1.9 pages)
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Review of The Liad Poem - The poem of the Iliad takes place in north western Turkey, outside the walls of the once thought to be made up city of Troy. Troy was the city that the Trojans called home and the place the Iliad takes place with the major battle that occurs over ten days. The city of Troy was discovered by a german archaeologist known by Heinrich Schliemann in 1865. The Iliad still to some scholars has an unknown author, but the poem’s authorship was give to a blind poet by the name of Homer. Homer himself is a bit of mystery and some say that he never existed at all or that he 7th or 8th B.C.....   [tags: zeus, achilles, homer, troy]
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1339 words
(3.8 pages)
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Determining the Nature of Justice - In a discussion with one of his interlocutors, Adeimantus, regarding guardians and education in the ideal city that they are hypothetically forming to determine the nature of justice, Socrates states: For the young cannot distinguish what is allegorical from what is not. And the beliefs they absorb at that age are difficult to erase and tend to become unalterable. For these reasons, then, we should probably take the utmost care to ensure that the first stories they hear about virtue are the best ones for them to hear....   [tags: playing with Plato] 1745 words
(5 pages)
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Ancient Greek Perception of War, Role of Women and Children, and Immortals - In the Iliad, the oldest and greatest of the Greek epics, Homer tells of the wars fought between the Greeks and the Trojans. Much of this book's main focus takes place during the Homeric period in which the Trojan War began. In a pre industrial society, Homer describes the way mortals and immortals sought their existence throughout the Trojan War. Homer's style of writing in Iliad enables a modern reader to perceive how the Ancient Greeks thought of warfare, of religion, and of the role of women and children....   [tags: American Literature] 847 words
(2.4 pages)
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History of Heroes - In studying different types of heroes this semester, we have come across several examples of heroes and heroines. From the Trojan War to the Italian renaissance, tragic heroes have been consistently present in the stories we have read this semester. In this essay I will expose the similarities and differences between tragic heroes that we have encountered in The Iliad (as recorded by Homer), The Aeneid (by Virgil), Oedipus the King (written by Sophocles), and in The Prince (written by Niccolo Machiavelli)....   [tags: Literature] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Illiad by Homer - Women have held many different roles in society throughout human history. Since the beginning of time men have always been viewed as superior. In Homer’s Iliad, a perfect example of the suppressive role of women is shown. Women are treated as property and are used for the mere purpose of reproduction within the household. Paralyzed by their unfortunate circumstances, they were taken and given as if they were material belongings. In Homer's Iliad, women are seen and introduce as rewards to the male heroines and usually the greatest fighters....   [tags: women's role, human history, creek]
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1217 words
(3.5 pages)
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Overview of Greek Mythology - Greek mythology is a body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks concerning Titans, gods, and heroes. According to Alan Dundes, a myth is a sacred narrative explaining how the world and humankind assumed their present form (Dundes 1). Though now it may be referred to as mythology, to the ancient Greeks it was an aspect of their religion. Like many other pre-Christian societies, the ancient Greeks deemed things that were important in their lives, such as fire, water, air, and lightning to be gods which govern the world....   [tags: Legendary Heroes, Religious Answers]
:: 15 Works Cited
2674 words
(7.6 pages)
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The Heroes of the Trojan War: Hector & Achilles - In the Greek epic, The Iliad, Homer describes the siege and capture of the ancient city of Troy by Achilles and the Achaean warriors. Achilles, being a fearless fighter, defeated many throughout his battles against the Trojan army, including the brave-hearted Hector during the invasion of Troy. Though Achilles has been given the title of the hero of the Trojan War, many historians believe that Hector was a greater hero than Achilles. When comparing the characteristics of an epic hero such as being a national hero and having supernatural abilities, Hector clearly surpasses Achilles....   [tags: Greek Literature] 532 words
(1.5 pages)
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What problems have you identified in making connections between the world described in the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence you have stud - What problems have you identified in making connections between the world described in the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence you have studied. How far do you think it is possible to resolve these problems. In this essay I shall demonstrate that it is not currently possible to resolve the problems I have identified in making connections, between the world of the Homeric poems and the archaeological evidence I have studied. This essay will deal with two specific areas, the first is that of the problems associated with the citadel of Troy while the second, will deal with the problems posed by, Homers descriptions of the armour and the weapons used by the...   [tags: Papers] 1226 words
(3.5 pages)
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Potrayal of Women in The Ancient World, The Middle Ages, and The Renaissance - ... The war lasted for about 10 years because of a woman who was only cared about because of her looks. The mortal women in this story have no voice and the only role that they are given is their status as property of men with no voice or control over their destiny. In The Canterbury Tales by Chauncer, one of the stories told is the Nun’s Priest’s Tale. The story’s theme is about man’s downfall due to the influence of women. The story is told through farm animals, and the two main characters are Chanticleer, the rooster, and Dame Partlet, his favorite of the chickens....   [tags: admiration, biblical, marriage] 1005 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope - Social Satire in Pope’s “The Rape of the Lock” Alexander Pope’s distinct use of satire and mockery make this parody of Ulysses’ “The Iliad”, more socially dramatic and induces much rhetoric. Pope’s “The Rape of the Lock” shows many interesting characteristics and can easily be understood in the terms of early English literature. Through close supervision and examination of “The Iliad”, one can see the similarities and some of different plot twists in which Pope intended. Pope’s “The Rape of the Lock” has biblical teachings throughout in Helps the reader to realize that it is it satirical....   [tags: illiad, christians, rhetoric]
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1045 words
(3 pages)
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Role of Women in Homeric Greek Society - Including both Homer’s works, the Odyssey and Iliad, he echoes his cultures conception of women as being either helpers of men or hindrances or restraints to them, however essentially insubstantial in their own right. Yet the only exceptions to this rule are immortals such as Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, who function by a different set of guidelines because they are goddesses. For instance, they are allowed to have more independence then flesh- and-blood women because they are already symbols of some random abstract virtue or perhaps a principle, or beauty, and therefore they instantly have their own role to fill....   [tags: women, greece, gender, Homer,] 1914 words
(5.5 pages)
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Remarkable Minds: The Influence of Great Texts - ... Not only will characters similar to Achilles become the basis of heroic individuals in nearly every story to follow but a constant theme of heroism, revenge, and justice can be seen in every page of the tale. The Iliad has become one of the greatest and most known stories, even if many cannot connect the story line to its original title, it has impacted the world by creating a type of expectation from readers of epic tales. Plato’s Republic can be considered the most important and influential title to be studied throughout the entire curriculum....   [tags: Plato's Republic, Beowulf, Paradise Lost] 1109 words
(3.2 pages)
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Exploring Gender Roles in The Odyssey - For years upon years women have been looked at from all different lights and perspectives. In the past, for most cultures, most of these views placed women in less important household and societal positions as opposed to men. Women were most commonly seen as wives, mothers, and housekeepers, depending on their social class, whereas men took the head role as husband, father, provider, and protector. Men had and still have, in the majority of cases, all the power in the family. In Homer’s epic poems, The Odyssey as well as The Iliad, gender roles are very much established....   [tags: the lliad, homer, poems]
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1362 words
(3.9 pages)
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Good and Evil in Greek Mythology - Light and dark, heaven and hell, winning and losing, victor and defeated, they all share something, they are the balance of good and evil, and glory and shame in a hero’s journey; for every light, there is darkness; for every heaven, there is a hell; for every win, there is a loss; and for every victor someone is defeated. This constant battle of good and evil, and glory and shame is seen through many cultures mythology, especially in ancient Greece, men were to have glory associated with their name, and there were to fight for good; their mythology reflects this, with their battling Gods, and warring cities....   [tags: Hero, Glory, Shame] 962 words
(2.7 pages)
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Summary of The Illidad by Homer - The Iliad is a poem told by Homer that describes the horror of men and gods alike battling toward the destruction of both sides as it moves to the tragic conclusion of the Trojan War. Robert Fagles using his poetic and scholar skills to perfectly translates the Iliad using Bernard Knox’s introduction and notes. In his translation he sticks to maintain the drive music of Homer’s poetry, and evokes the impact of the Iliad’s repeated phrases. Fagles' translations emphasizes on English idioms and phrasings, but tries to stay as faithful to the original text as possible....   [tags: Epic, Mythology]
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1519 words
(4.3 pages)
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Dr. Franklin’s Island by Ann Halam - ... She was gone. There was nothing human in that look at all” (Halam 191). With “[her mind lost] to the animals she is now,” Miranda is the most obvious source of internal conflict between animal and humanistic nature, truly portraying the main theme. This novel written in 2006 is a great example of what many people struggle with today through the workplace and social relations. In most businesses today you will hear people say, “It’s a dog eat dog world out there,” and it’s true, with so many employees fighting and struggling to be on top, you can clearly see the animalistic qualities there....   [tags: animals, cave man, horse tamers] 1525 words
(4.4 pages)
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Female Influence in Greek Mythology - The ability of women to influence the course of events in Iliad and Odyssey Women have always been an important part of human history since it began. The Greek Myths also show how women, though not as powerful as men, have been able to cause great changes to the course of events. The Trojan of war is one glorified example of it where because of one woman thousands of soldiers died. I would like to talk about such women from the readings that we have done in this course. I shall be talking about Helen of Troy, Kalypso, Circe, Nausicaa and Penelope to show how mortals and immortals have powers of sort but are still inferior to men....   [tags: Greek Literature] 1197 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Concept of a Hero - Back in the days of the Odyssey and The Iliad, heroes were classified by their accomplishments. From Odysseus to Achilles, all of the men who were idolized as heroes were so idolized because of their world-altering deeds and conquests, unfathomable wealth, and achievements that would forever be remembered in history. But today, in a world pillaged by war, poverty, controversy, drugs, disease, and economic blunders, who truly deserves to be called a hero. No longer are there titans on the earth, bloodthirsty men with chain mail armor, lances and swords, leading enormous armies into battle....   [tags: Literary Characters] 1072 words
(3.1 pages)
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What Makes an Epic Hero - What is an epic hero. Although we would like to believe that a hero would always be there to save us as needed, that is not always the case. All heroes are different, but what makes them epic. Many would answer that question by saying because they are in an epic poem or story; however, that answer isn’t true. An epic hero, of course is in an epic narrative, but it is what they accomplish in that specific text. First, an epic hero has to make a grand journey and be in the Gods favor or shall we say the chosen one....   [tags: Comparison, Literary Heroes]
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1826 words
(5.2 pages)
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Ancient Greek Idelologist for Heroism - Of the many conflicting philosophies, morality, when referring to one's sense of ethics, is the greatest and most intriguing disparity between the Ancient Greek ideologies of heroism and the contemporary views of today. By the standards of the Greeks, Achilles was a Hero. He was the embodiment of the individual, a man of unwavering principle, not only unwilling but incapable of allowing his values to become compromised. His credo and the actions determined though it, while certainly irreconcilable with present ethical standards, are strongly rooted in his own idea of justice....   [tags: Achilles and Hector, Plato, Socrates]
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1111 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Modern Epic of Batman - ... “In medias res” is typically how epics start, just like Batman and The Iliad start. The story of Batman starts with his parents being one of the wealthiest families in Gotham and the city being corrupt while ninth year of the Trojan War is when The Iliad begins. An epic hero is admired for great achievements and is the main character in an epic. Heroic traits are elevations of status, having flaws, determining the fate of a city, perform great deeds, possess a special weapon, and experience a traumatic event....   [tags: analogy with Gilgamesh] 728 words
(2.1 pages)
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Achilles and the Trojan War - ... Patroclus, on the other hand proves to be a noble warrior who believes in the cause and his comrades above all else. Patroclus begs Achilles to let him put on Achilles’ shining armor, believing that the sight of “Achilles” will cause the Trojans to rethink their charge. However, by doing so, Patroclus made himself the prime target in battle. The Trojan men’s kelios (honor and reputation) would be highly boosted if they were the one to slay great Achilles, dear to Zeus. Despite knowing that the armor would put a bullseye on his head, Patroclus implores Achilles to give Achilles’ fine armor as Patroclus cares more about the greater picture of the war rather than his own selfish desires....   [tags: Greek mythology]
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903 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Illiad, Attributed to Homer - ... Achilles is outraged by this vowing that him and his myrmidons will no longer fight in his army. During this time Achilles prays to his mother asking her to speak with Zeus, asking if Zeus to give favor to the Trojan army. Zeus agrees to help Achilles by sending a dream to Agamemnon, in this dream Zeus urges Agamemnon to siege the city. Agamemnon wishing to fulfill his dream seeks the morale of his army by telling them they are going to sail home. The army to his dismay is rejoiced by this causing soldiers to rise up voicing themselves with discontent....   [tags: Troy, Mythology]
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701 words
(2 pages)
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Swift Achilles - Swift Achilles There was once a time of great warriors, heroes that fought for their honor and the honor of their people. This was the time of Homer’s Iliad when the great armies of the Achaeans charged Ilium, the Trojan Citadel. Although this ten-year epic battle, called the Trojan War, was supposedly fought over Helen, “the face that launched a thousand ships1,” the true heart of the Iliad is the characterization of the Homeric hero. These men possessed seemingly superhuman strength and courage, they fought and risked their lives for their people and their comrades in arms, and many of them were descendants of the gods themselves....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1594 words
(4.6 pages)
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Heroic Code - The characters in Homer’s Iliad follow the Heroic Code which is all about honor. For them, honor is the most important thing and a person who dies without honor is worth nothing. To be someone honorable, one must standout from the army, like Akhilleus and Hektor. The two are recognized as the best in their army and community. But the Heroic Code is more than just exerting more effort as a warrior, more than being the best warrior there is and more than doing something that the army, community and opposition will recognize....   [tags: Modern Society Hero Compare Contrast] 1219 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Greeks and The Illiad - The Greeks and The Illiad The Iliad was a masterpiece of a work, which entertained and gave a description of how the Greeks lived out their lives in battle and at peace. The Iliad, by Homer, is an epic classic set in Ancient Greece. The story ,in its own, contained the use of epic characteristics, which reveal further characteristics of the Greeks. A large influence on the book, was the Greek's religious and mythological stance along with their strengths and weaknesses that were also displayed....   [tags: Papers] 1380 words
(3.9 pages)
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Hector vs. Achilles - In The Iliad, Hector proves himself to be the hero by showing his immense bravery, strength, devotion and courage. The Iliad is filled with combat, dishonesty, arrogance, and fidelity. Through which Hector has revealed himself to be the hero on multiple occasions. Although Hector and Achilles share several of the same flaws, Hector has been able to demonstrate he is the more heroic of the two. Achilles exposes himself as blood thirsty, proud and headstrong. These characteristics don’t make up a hero....   [tags: Greek Literature] 504 words
(1.4 pages)
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Interactions with the Gods - Interactions with the Gods Nothing can be more life changing than when a god chooses to interact with a mortal man. Much of Greek mythology describes the natures of these interactions. The Olympian Gods meddle with the mortals they rule over constantly, but what is the result for these interactions, and how do they impact the mortals. The question that this paper tries to address is what is the nature of these divine interaction, and how does each side truly perceive each other. The Gods and mortals interact in a variety of ways, but the true natures of these interactions truly describe how the ancient Greeks perceived their gods....   [tags: Papers] 2738 words
(7.8 pages)
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Beowulf and Achilles - Beowulf and Achilles Beowulf is a story about a man named Beowulf who desired fame and fortune in life. The Iliad had a character named Achilles who is similar to Beowulf because he also desired glory. But they are two completely different stories written at different times and different places by different people. Both stories have unique qualities such as dragons in one and multi-gods in the other and that is what makes fictitious stories like these classics. Since achieving fame is a goal of these two characters, and since these are great works of literature, people can relate to wanting to be famous in life....   [tags: Epic of Beowulf Essays]
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1184 words
(3.4 pages)
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Alaxander The Great - The Dali Lama was quoted saying, “With realization of one’s own potential and self-confidence in one’s ability, one can build a better world.” Alexander the Great had a big impact on Greece and the whole western world for expanding his empire along with spreading Hellenistic culture and for this he is considered an example of true hero. Alexander was born in Macedonia in July 356 BCE to Kind Phillip II and Olympias. Olympias made Alexander believe that he was able to do incredible things throughout his life, which gave him confidence to do all the things he would later accomplish (Mcgowen 29)....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Macedon, Argead Dynasty]
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1201 words
(3.4 pages)
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Archeology: Heinrich Schliemann - ... Later, Sophia Schliemann, which is his wife, wore the jewels Schliemann found in Troy excavation site to the public. The Turkish government then cancelled the permission Schliemann had to excavate and sued him to share the gold he found. However, Schliemann claimed that he smuggled the treasure he found out of Turkey in order to protect it. So, the conclusion of the excavation in Troy was the gold and treasure Schliemann found. “Mask of Agamemnon” and shaft graves are other important discoveries for Heinrich Schliemann....   [tags: troy, Mycenae and Tiryns] 727 words
(2.1 pages)
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Excellence and the Fulfillment of One's Purpose is the Philosophy of Classical Greece - ... Catabasis* Specifically to the Epic genre of poetry it is a trip to the underworld. Example 1: Book 6 of the Aeneid is an example of catabasis. Virgil portrays an afterlife in which people are judged according to the virtue of their lives on Earth. All souls migrate to Dis, and the good ones occupy a better place, the Fields of Gladness. Aeneas’s trip to the underworld is also Virgil’s opportunity to indulge in an extensive account of Rome’s future glory, particularly in his glorification of the Caesars....   [tags: gods, mythological, romantic themes] 1164 words
(3.3 pages)
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Feminism and the Power Struggle of Women in Ancient Greece - Feminism and the power struggle of women in Ancient Greece Women are a very prominent part of the Greek society. Their role has influenced and shaped the Greek society to a very large extent. Women have been shown in many different lights in the Greek works of Odyssey and Iliad which we have covered in our class. The works that I will be citing in this essay, namely Homer’s poems Odyssey and Iliad talk about many prominent women such as Helen of Troy, Penelope and also many other Goddesses. Homer’s poems talk about the various traits of Greek women and portray their characteristics by describing their traits and the events they were involved in....   [tags: Greek Literature] 1352 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Rape of The Lock, by Alexander Pope - The Rape of the Lock, written by Alexander Pope, is a mock-epic with a serious purpose. This narrative was written to diffuse a real life quarrel between two high-class families in 18th century England; the Petres and the Fermors (Gurr, 5). The character’s names were changed but their characteristics hold true; simply put, Belinda, young and beautiful, had a lock of her hair cut off by the Baron and this thus causes a feud amongst the two families. Pope wrote this mock-epic by employing humor and light-hearted wit in order to diffuse the tensions, but also to mock the superficiality of that society....   [tags: Book Review, Mock Epic]
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2135 words
(6.1 pages)
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Human Condition as Seen in Beowulf and Lliad - Many cultures in the ancient and medieval worlds found courage as a value and virtue associated with warriors. To a great extent, western cultures also find courage as an attribute of warriors. This courageous cultural tendency gets its imaginative manifestation in literature of heroic societies such as The Epic of Gilgamesh, homer’s Iliad and Beowulf. These Epic heroes which show human conditions are Gilgamesh, Achilles from Homer's Iliad and Beowulf. Although, the actions and lives of these warriors occurred at different times in history, their stories are passed on from generations to generations and they share a lot of commonalities but with some discrepancies based on their lives, thei...   [tags: achilles, gilmaesh, epic heroes, courage]
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1065 words
(3 pages)
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Fate and Free Will in Greek Mythologies - Abstract In English literature and Greek mythologies fate and free will played colossal responsibilities in creating the characters in the legendary stories and plays. The Greek gods believed in fate and interventions, predictions of a life of an individual before and after birth which the individual has no control over their own destiny. Free will and fate comingle together, this is where a person can choose his own fate, choose his own destiny by the choices the individual will make in their lifetime....   [tags: Mythology]
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1018 words
(2.9 pages)
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Alexander Pope's Epic Rape of the Lock - Alexander Pope’s epic Rape of the Lock, is essentially a lampoon of traditional epic literature. It is teeming with comparisons between the main character Belinda’s actions, and Homer’s Achilles, Virgil’s Aeneid, and Greek mythology in general. Her character’s image is painted as vain and unconcerned with consequential matters, unlike that of Achilles’ character from Homer’s Iliad; however he was full of wrath and pride resembling that of Belinda’s traits. But, that is where most corresponding attributes end; the scales in which both play out as an epic are far from akin....   [tags: literary/character analysis]
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1549 words
(4.4 pages)
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Hector v.s Paris Rivalry in The Liad - Throughout time, sibling have had to deal with sibling rivalry. It is been seen even as far back as the 7th or 8th century b.c.e when homer wrote the epic poem, The Iliad. In the Iliad, Homer showed us a huge sibling rivalry between the two brother Hector and Paris. He focus on these two men that both want to become a great legacy and hero. Homer’s comparison of these to characters shows there drive to become the better man. Through all of there rivalries, which include but are not limited to family, behaviour in battle, and how they relate to the gods, Hector shows that he is the more honourable man....   [tags: siblings, homer, rivalry, hector] 1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Women’s Army Corps of the Vietnam War - The Women’s Army Corps of the Vietnam War We went to a foreign country in service of our country . . . we gave aid and encouragement to a whole segment of our brothers and sisters . . . we survived a war . . . we are noble . . . we are brave . . . we are adventurous . . . we are an active part of world history . . . we are interesting . . . we have lived such exciting lives . . . we have gone far beyond the boundaries allowed to most of our sisters . . . we did it together . . . and we still have each other....   [tags: Vietnam War Essays]
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6224 words
(17.8 pages)
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Odysseus' Character as Genuine Hero - Odysseus was a very robust individual who was obligated to leave his kingdom of Ithaca to embark on a journey to fight the battles of Greek and win over Troy. To do this, he was required to leave behind his newborn son Telemachus, and his wife Penelope the Queen. The war lasted 10 years, and once the battle was over Odysseus and his fleet split and attempted to sail back to Ithaca. There, he was favored by Athena, goddess of handicrafts, learning, and the arts, and despised by Poseidon, god of the sea....   [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]
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864 words
(2.5 pages)
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Oedipus Tyranius and The Illiad - Sophocles once said, “Fate has terrible power. You cannot escape it by wealth or war. No fort will keep it out, no ships outrun it.” When pondering life, one often stumbles upon the principles of fate and free will. Do we as humans really have full control of our life and our actions. Do we have a predestined time to die or is our last breath purely a result of the choices we make. Perhaps Sophocles is correct and there is an element of fate in the universe that ultimately determines what we say, what we do, who we meet, and what trials and tribulations come our way....   [tags: fate, free will, destruction] 664 words
(1.9 pages)
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Odyssey by Homer Versus Crispin by Avi - Some people enjoy reading novels, while other people prefer reading epic poems because they like to be part of an audience and have the message said to them. “Crispin” by Avi is a novel which is written to show that people need self-esteem to succeed. A Greek epic poem called, “Odyssey” by Homer is about using personal abilities to surmount obstacles to reach your goal. These two types of literature have many similarities by following the story line, some aspects of characters and describing external conflicts....   [tags: compare/contrast, analytical essays] 581 words
(1.7 pages)
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Troy, Truth in the Myth? - The ancient city of Troy, a legendary city in classical literature and Hollywood films alike, has been an attraction to visit for at least twenty-five centuries. Visitors such as Alexander the Great, who stopped at Troy in 334 BC while on route east to conquer Asia, came to Troy looking for the city immortalized in Homer's Iliad. Presently, archaeologists visit Hisarlik, a site in northwest Turkey, as it is believed to be the location of the ancient city. Alexander must have been puzzled when he had arrived in Ilion, the name of the city at the time of his visit....   [tags: Ancient History]
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Greek Excellence and the Hero - Greek Excellence and the Hero The hero of an epic poem repeatedly endures many trials that can prove his ability to be worthy of the title hero. In the passage 6.440-481 in The Iliad of Homer, Hektor's heroism is tested, especially when he faces the choice of returning to battle or staying with his family. When analyzing what drives Hektor to return to the battlefield and what makes him a hero, it is obvious that the "Greek educational ideal" known as areté greatly influences him (Western Civilization: A Brief History, Perry, 43)....   [tags: Papers] 845 words
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The Greeks' Tragic World View - The Greeks' Tragic World View The Greeks had a tragic world view. I believe that a tragic world view is a view of the world in which there is little hope for any progress; everything grows, matures, and dies. The values taught by such a tragic world are bravery, fate, humanism, and reasoning. There are many examples of the teaching of these values in the Grecian literary works. Examples of such works are: the epic poetry of Homer, The Odyssey and the Iliad; works of Sophocles, Oedipus Rex and Antigone; works of Euripides, Media and The Trojan Women; and Plato's retelling of the trial of Socrates, The Apology....   [tags: Papers] 859 words
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Achilles: A Classical Hero - Across the world, ordinary people find heroes that they aspire to imitate. Comic books portray heroes as super strong men in spandex suits, and although a three-year-old child might aspire to be superman, more mature audiences hopefully find more realistic figures to idolize. Take Barack Obama, the President of the United States; he worked his entire life to attain the highest position in our government, President. Obama was not born with a silver spoon in his mouth but to a single mother in Hawaii....   [tags: Character Analysis] 1088 words
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Devine Interaction: Greek Mythology - In Greek mythology and literature, the Gods are always present in some shape or form. It has been recorded in ancient Greek literature that the Gods interacted with mortal humans quite often. Nothing would change a mortal human’s life more than interacting with the Gods. What is the reason for such events. The Olympian Gods constantly intervene with the mortals, but what is the cause. The Gods show their power over mortal men through divine interaction, physically and psychologically. The Gods and mortals interact in many different ways, but the natures of these interactions are what truly explain and describe how ancient Greeks recognized their Gods....   [tags: literature, Greek literature, Olympian Gods]
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Greek and Roman Mythology - Zeus and Jupiter: fathers to gods and men, architects and demolishers of the universe, legendary mythical gods immortalized by time through literature and legends. Greek and Roman mythological gods that are both symbolized by the eagle, prefer to smite with lightning, and are undistinguishable in appearance from each other. Although Greek mythology is similar to Roman mythology, ancient Greek values are richer in creativity and philosophical value compared to ancient Roman values. Though, without Roman preservation of Greek mythology, who knows if Greek mythology would have held the historical significance it has present day....   [tags: Zeus, Jupiter, culture, values]
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Literature of Ancient Greece - The ancient Greeks created much of what is used, spoken, read, and written today. Without the Greeks and their inventions or developments, life now wouldn’t be the same. Literature was one of these many Greek contributions. Literature is still very important to all of us today. Epic poetry, mythology, and the creation of the dramatic genres comedy and tragedy, all came from ancient Greece. Much literature influenced to create what we write today was lead through time, beginning with the ancient Greeks....   [tags: epic poetry, mythology, dramatic genres]
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Troy and Trojan War - ... She was mortal and immortal, he father was told as being Zeus and her mother was the Leda, the beautiful queen of Sparta. Her mother was a swan so when having Helen she was in an egg. As she grew older all Helen’s suitors came from all over Greece, one of the men were Menelaus who she married. But during an absence of Menelaus, Helen was taken from Sparta by the prince of Troy Paris Alexander, son of the Trojan king Priam. Prince Paris Alexander was no Prince Hector; he was not the one who would be the King one day....   [tags: the beauty of Helen] 844 words
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Pre-literacy and Modern Vestiges - Pre-literacy and Modern Vestiges For many years, the conventions and existence of epic poetry from the pre-literate age were explained as repositories for information. A well-known story, usually involving a hero that embodied the virtues of the society who told the story, engages in battles, quests, etc. As the epic is spoken to an audience, the hero’s actions and the way they are described impart the audience with information and teachings. The information the listeners received is thought by some to be analogous to a modern day textbook lesson, in which students learn mathematics, grammar, and law, all by the written word....   [tags: Literature Epic Poetry Poems Essays] 1256 words
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Back In My Day - Back in My Day&#8230; &#8220;Back in my day, people just didn&#8217;t do stuff like that.'; In addition to hearing about how bread used to cost a nickel, that quote is what you hear it from the elders of most generations when talking about violence, especially on television in the present time; they say that the violence seen just did not seem to exist back then. However, when one thinks about it, violence that extreme has existed throughout the ages, whether it was as early as the Iliad and the Odyssey during the Greek era, the Aeneid in the Roman era, or even in Christian stories in the Bible....   [tags: essays research papers] 924 words
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The World of Odysseus - The World of Odysseus was written by Sir Moses I. Finley, and it is an in depth analysis of the Iliad and the Odyssey. The period in history that helped to produce these two phenomenal works is veiled with uncertainty due to the fact that an actual written history doesn't exist. Homer put his history of the period together from the traditional custom of oral poetic story telling that originated from the late Dark Age and early Archaic Period. The first three chapters of Finley's text provide the reader with an understanding of the Greek world so the information presented in the fourth and fifth chapters is easier to understand....   [tags: Ancient History] 2140 words
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The Aeneid - Publius Vergilius Maro, more commonly known as Virgil, was born on October 15, 70 B.C. in a small village near Mantua in Northern Italy. He was born into a relatively “well-to-do” family, as his parents were farm owners with a hefty amount of land to their name. Virgil was provided with an education that quenched his thirst for knowledge. He showed a particular interest in mathematics and medicine, but also studied in law and rhetoric. Quickly after his first law case, he gave up his studies of law and turned his interests to philosophy....   [tags: Poetry Analysis ]
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An Apology for Classics - “Do you want to live forever?” This paraphrase is overused, but I think of it every time I read the literary works of the ancient Romans. Latin is considered to be a “dead” language, yet the understanding of Latin allows one to discover a time when the same conflicting opinions are at issue today. How did the Roman senate quell the famous Plebeian Labor Strike in 494 BC. How did Achilles, despite dying at a young age by an arrow wound from Paris, prince of Troy, manage to poetically “live forever”....   [tags: Classic Literature] 651 words
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The Concert Experience and the Song as Oral Tradition - The Concert Experience and the Song as Oral Tradition Before the invention of written language that enabled the creation of book technology, the spoken word was the leading edge of communication. Spoken epic poetry such as the Iliad and Odyssey, the Anglo-Saxon Beowulf, and the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh was the content of the speech medium. These epics were created as spoken pieces, and because listeners lacked an alphabet to commodify them (separate them from their performance), the tales had to be heard and experienced first-hand....   [tags: Communication Literature Essays] 574 words
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Who Should Rule the United States? - Both teams are a formidable combination and would have much to offer in terms of being leaders of a nation. All with the exception of Socrates are descended from royalty and have the blood of gods and goddesses running through them. Socrates, Akhilleus and Hektor have fought in previous wars, so they have the qualities that a good leader would need during times of war and the ability to make the necessary decisions as well. The team of Socrates and Antigone represent a quest for knowledge, a love of teaching, a love of family, and a respect for sacred laws that are sorely lacking in today's society....   [tags: Free Essays] 420 words
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odyssey, a look - There are many traditions and values that the people of Ancient Greece followed very closely. These acts, such as, hospitality and respect for one’s peers are usually overlooked by gods and goddesses. The people are expected follow these traditions or they may feel wrath from a god or goddess. In the Odyssey, the tradition of hospitality is shown being broke in several ways. When a person in Ancient Greece received a guest, they were to treat them with the highest respect and they should offer them gifts....   [tags: essays research papers] 340 words
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Orality and the Problem of Memory - Orality and the Problem of Memory A professor of mine once posed the question: “What do you truly know?” My obvious initial response was, “What do you mean, what do I know. Isn’t that why I’m here. To expand upon the wealth of knowledge that I already know?” After tossing the question around for a few days, I finally realized what she was getting at--knowledge equals experience, and experience promotes memory. In today’s culture of hypertext and cyberspace, the opportunities for experiential learning are becoming a thing of the past....   [tags: Psychology Essays] 1040 words
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Les Pueples De La Mer Mditerrane - Les Pueples De La Mer Mditerrane Michael Woods brings up an interesting mystery of the ancient world that puzzles learned people of modern times. Although Wood strongly suggests that the "Sea Peoples" were a result of mass migrations, recent research has disproved many of the theories upon which Wood based his opinions. There is evidence to show that the "Sea Peoples" were not a product of mass migrations. The Trojan War, much like the "Sea Peoples" remains a mystery. Many theories have been developed to explain its occurrence....   [tags: Papers] 819 words
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different sides of war - Whether war is our only option to resolving problems in the world or not, there are many reasons why war is equally futile and heroic. All through history, men have been making amends and settling issues through acts of war. This is especially shown true in a book titled The Iliad. Throughout the epic, men of supernatural strength and intelligence prove themselves by battling their enemies. The victors of these battles were thought of as both heroic and brave. On the other hand the casualties of these wars have proven that war really was futile....   [tags: essays research papers] 540 words
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Creon And Achilles - Both Creon of Sophocles’ Antigone and Achilles of Homer’s The Iliad end up allowing the body of their enemy a proper burial. During the time following the death of Hector, Achilles is in a position very similar to that which Creon deals with in Antigone. Both men show similar flaws, and face similar struggles. The difference between the two men is only subtly discernible until the telling moment when each man is faced with pressure to change his stance on the fate of the fallen warrior. Each man’s initial reaction is quite telling of his character, and the motives behind each man’s decision (although the motives are debatable) also help to expose his true nature....   [tags: essays research papers] 1499 words
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Achilles Shield - Achilles’ shield, made by Hephaestus, the god of fire, plays a part in the Iliad. It tells the story of the war between the Greeks and the Trojans. Hephaestus depicts the two cities and the activities going on in them, and Agamemnon’s, the Greek’s king, estate. Homer thought that seeing what it is on the shield could help the reader understand the importance of Achilles' shield and the Iliad. Hephaestus used fine metals and put lots of scenes of things going on not only in that time period but also in respect to the Iliad’s plot....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 515 words
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Homers Bio - Homers Bio Biography of Homer (?-. BC) Beyond a few fragments of information, historians and classicists can only speculate about the life of the man who composed the Iliad and the Odyssey. The details are few. We do not even know the century in which he lived, and it is difficult to say with absolute certainty that the same poet composed both works. The Greeks attributed both of the epics to the same man, and we have little hard evidence that would make us doubt the ancient authorities, but uncertainty is a constant feature of scholarly work dealing with Homer's era of Greek history....   [tags: Essays Papers] 756 words
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Ideals of the Elite in The Illidad and Ther Odyssey by Homer - ... Being that Greece had a sea based economy stories of sea travel were very common. This is why Homer created the odyssey following the character named Odysseus on his travels across the sea and faced many challenges but triumphed over them proving his arête The Odyssey was meant to inform the audience of the struggles of Odysseus a great general and member of the elite on his voyage home from the battle of troy. The section of the odyssey that was read in class was taken from “Book 9: In the one-eyed giants cave”....   [tags: Poem, Greece, Journey]
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Literary Modes in War Literature, Such as The Things They Carried - Literary Modes in War Literature The immediate impact of The Things They Carried is based on O'Brien's fidelity to detail. The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near necessities were P-38 can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy, cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water. Together these items weighed between 15 and 20 pounds....   [tags: War Literature, Literary Analysis] 1421 words
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Contributions to Western Civilization Made by Ancient Greece and Rome - The ancient Greeks and Romans were perhaps two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world. These two civilizations thrived in their ancient environments which eventually led to a vast amount of prosperity within these two cultures. It is because of this prosperity that these ancient cultures were able to make a variety of advancements in literature, architecture, art and a variety of other fields. These two civilizations also produced some of the ancient world’s greatest writers, leaders, and philosophers....   [tags: literature, philosophy, democracy]
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How Useful is Archaic Greek Poetry as a Historical Source - “The higher Greek poetry did not make up fictitious plots; its business was to express the heroic saga, the myths” - Gilbert Murray, 1909 Gilbert Murray, the preeminent Australian classicist, expresses a statement in his preface to Aristotle on the Art of Poetry that raises the highly contentious issue of how useful is archaic poetry as a historical source. If we accept the definition of a ‘source’ as anything that can provide us with information which can add to the sum of our knowledge of the past, and the definition of a ‘historical source’ as any such piece of information used by a historian to make a point....   [tags: odyssey, trojan war, poetry, gilbert murray]
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How Heros and Villains Have Envolved Since Aincent Greece - Everyone has a different perspective today about heroes and villains than what they thought back in the ancient times. During the ancient times, the Greek concept of a hero was different from our own cultures. As the years passed, the overall concept of what a hero changed dramatically then what they thought years ago. A hero is a literary figure, of course, but here, too, we need caution so that we don’t misapply our own cultural ideas and standards to the ancient Greek hero. You may ask, what is a hero....   [tags: Heros, Villains, Aincent Greece, ]
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Important Heros and Heroines in Greek Culture - Group 10 Important Heros and Heroines in Greek Culture Heroes reflect the greatest strengths of the human condition, as well as highlighting the flaws of human nature itself. It is no surprise then that throughout the Greek world are found depictions of heros on various pieces of pottery. These pieces better help to understand what the people of the ancient Greek world were like and which heroic values they felt were worthy of art. When analyzing the art and the stories of such heroes, common themes tend to emerge of what the ancient Greeks thought were heroic values....   [tags: krater, pottery, Pelops, Oenomaus, Achilles]
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Myths or Fictions: Gods vs. Superheroes - While it’s easy to dismiss the concept of beings with supernatural powers and mythological fictions, superheroes and fictional Gods have various similarities and differences. The most common superhero, of course, is Superman, while the greatest warrior in Iliad is Achilles. These two characters clash with one another in personality, weaknesses, strengths and characteristic. There are various stories on the history of Superman causing one to believe that he was mischievous insurrectionist. Superman was born on Earth and founded by earthlings, Jonathan and Martha Kent in his starship that crashed in Smallville, Kansas....   [tags: superman, achilles, superheroes, gods]
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Hell: United Yet Contrasted By Fear - The fundamental ideals behind the afterlife have vastly changed between Grecco-Roman Tartarus and Christian afterlife; specifically pertaining to the idea of hell and punishment. While there are also essential commonalities between the two afterlife views, the adaptation that has occurred over time contrasts the two views harmoniously. Fear is the underlying theme that eventually connects yet juxtaposes the ideas of life after death. Hell threatens a peaceful life after death, it is abnormal where it is not tangible, and has horrifying views associated when referenced by the grotesque nature of punishment that some believe Hell provides....   [tags: Afterlife, Mythology, Religion]
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Kings as Main Characters in Literature - ... The true definition of leader is a man of distinguished valor, based on which it is widely reflected that an ideal protagonist in literature works must possess the traits such as goodness, humbleness, courteousness, and willingness to sacrifice for people. “A hero is someone who has given his or her life to something bigger than oneself” (Campbell), which is true for the king in Beowulf, a poem about leadership revealing the fascination of European civilization. Performing prodigies of strength and courage in pursuit of honor the figure of the king in this poem is endowed with the spirit of self-sacrifice and —and is hero who would rather die than yield....   [tags: Beowulf, Oedipus Rex] 769 words
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Similarities between Oral and Literary Traditions - ... Oral tradition leads to lots of confusion when it comes to stories that are being told. Given what is said, the story of Iliad was important because it starts out as an oral tradition when Schliemann was told this by his father. Later the Iliad would speak the truth about Homer’s work. Schliemann’s the archaeologist who found the city of Troy made it possible for people to trace back their lineage to the Trojans. By the eight century B.C literary tradition was transforming to the alphabets where oral traditions would be moved out....   [tags: passing down of information] 676 words
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Henry Fielding’s "Tom Jones": Homeric Epithets and Personifications with a Satirical Twist - Henry Fielding felt great concern towards the embellished stylization of epic novels, and in order to relay his critiques of this popularized genre, he constructed an epic parody to reveal the turgid grandiose nature of such works through a sarcastic spoof. Commenced with his mordant invocation of a muse, Henry Fielding’s epic parody, Tom Jones emphasizes droll concern with the classical epic style by christening Homeric epithets and personifications with a satirical twist. Henry Fielding dives into the Homeric form with extensive invocations and catalogues to the Muse....   [tags: Henry Fielding, parody, Tom Jones, plays, ] 510 words
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