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Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer - ... This continued up until Heinrich Schliemann’s discovery of Troy in the early 1870s. Determined to find the lost city of Troy on the Greek mainland where the conquerors of Troy lived but without any previous experience in archaeology, Schliemann used the Homeric poems as guides to pinpoint the location of the cities. Homer’s description of the springs at Troy led Schliemann to choose Hissarliik located in Turkey as the site where he would begin excavation. His crew dug trenches, some going down as low as 50 feet, and uncovered seven major levels each with several strata....   [tags: trojan war, achilles, heroic deeds] 1703 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Importance of Woman in the Iliad - Homer's Iliad is the product of a society in which men played the dominant role. Throughout history, women have been viewed as playing small roles in society. The role of women in the Iliad is very small and overshadowed by the main story of Achilles and the Trojan War. The shadow that is cast over the women in the Iliad can often block readers from seeing the important role that they play in this classic Epic Poem. Most readers view the women of the Iliad as simply war prizes but without them there would be no story....   [tags: Greek Literature] 669 words
(1.9 pages)
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Iliad - The Iliad and The Odyssey are two epic poems with both similar and different styles to the structure of the poems, as well as each poem having the same gods incorporated into the stories intervening with the day to day lives of the mortals. Greek poetry before Homer was all composed orally; therefore it is assumed that Homer’s works are the first written works of art (Joachim Latacz, page 15). Scholars who have spent extensive time researching the origin of Homer’s work cannot verify a specific time the Iliad and the Odyssey were written (Latacz, 24)....   [tags: Greek, Odyssey, Gods] 1250 words
(3.6 pages)
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Heoes of the Iliad and the Odyssey - “All men make mistakes, but a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong, and repairs the evil. The only crime is pride.” ― Sophocles, Antigone Honor is a major component of ancient Greek culture, which weaves its way through out the great epics of the time. It is perhaps the single most important entity to some of the most renowned heroes. However, the desire for honor seems to have the power to lead such famous men into the clutches of “excessive pride”, or hubris (Oxford Dictionaries.com)....   [tags: pride, Homer, ancient greek epic poems]
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(4.6 pages)
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Achilles: The Tragic Hero of The Iliad - ... Being the “hero” that everyone thought he was, he cried to his mother whom said that he should not go to avenge his friend because he was “doomed to a short life […] your death must come at once” (Homer). This can be taken into consideration when describing his heroicness, because he did not heed the warning his mother gave him, instead he basically said that he should die then because he could not save his friend. It is “brave” of Achilles to want to avenge his friend. Achilles then went out and killed Hector....   [tags: revenge, flaw, warrior]
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666 words
(1.9 pages)
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Divine Intervention In The Iliad - Divine Intervention of The Iliad The Iliad is an epic novel about the war between the Greeks and Trojans that has many instances of the Greek Gods impacting the war in favor of one side or the other. While it seems like they have all-powerful powers like immortals should, many of the arguments they get in amongst themselves demonstrate their humanity. I believe Homer’s intent in this epic is to portray a theme of role-reversal, where the warriors are more like the gods and the gods are more like the warriors....   [tags: Greek Literature] 803 words
(2.3 pages)
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Family Dynamics in Homer's Iliad - The relationships between parents and their sons in the Iliad are not relationships we expect to see in today’s society. The Iliad portrays the relationships between fathers and sons as something more than just physical and emotional. It is based on pride and respect for one another. The expectations of their son are more so to pass on their fathers reputable name and to follow in their father’s footsteps of being noble warriors. These relationships are the driving forces in the Iliad, making each son in the Iliad identifiable first by their father’s name....   [tags: Homer] 977 words
(2.8 pages)
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Achilles' Influence and Morality in "The Iliad" - From the first few lines of the Iliad, Achilles’ influence is evident; the poet describes “…Achilles’ rage, / Black and murderous, that cost the Greeks / Incalculable pain, pitched countless souls / Of heroes into Hades’ dark, / And left their bodies to rot as feats” (1.1-5). The extremity of the chaos described is suggestive of the level of power only a god would have, which immediately distinguishes Achilles from ordinary mortals. In the first book alone, Achilles is visited by Hera, Athena, and Thetis, and through Thetis is able to bring a message to Zeus himself, who respects his honor and grants his prayer....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Character Analysis] 1230 words
(3.5 pages)
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Iliad - The Iliad Comparison and Contrast of Achilles and Hector When audiences read Homer’s Iliad, we find that this epic tale is centered around the Greek and the Trojan War. We notice in this tale, that Achilles of the Greeks and Hector of the Trojans carry the title of greatest warrior for their perspective armies, both men are an inspiration for their countrymen in this battle. Each man shows us their strengths and weaknesses, which we will use as points of comparison and contrast between the two heroic men....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Homer] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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Heroic Heroes in Iliad by Homer - The epic poem, The Iliad by Homer depicts the Trojan War and its Heroes. Heroism is the qualities of a character of a person that makes them great. Two characters seen as heroic are Achilles and Hector, however; Achilles is more heroic because of his audacity, allegiance, compassion. Heroism can be defined as the pursuit of good through warfare. Achilles is more heroic than Hector because more action occurs by the time Achilles engages in battle. Achilles is audacious because his recklessness drives him to the point of seeing the destructions of every last Achaean....   [tags: heroism, audacity, allegiance, compassion] 726 words
(2.1 pages)
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Mortals vs. Immortals in The Iliad - In the Iliad, it is important to recognize the unique personality traits and morals that the numerous characters encompass. While there is a wide variety in strengths, weaknesses, and values, the characters can clearly be divided into two starkly different groups. One being the mortals and the other being the immortals. This divide is caused by the mortals’ fear of death and loss of family, as opposed to the immortals’ disregard for those concerns due to their deathlessness. The treatment of family members among the gods generally involves actions and conversations that are crass, vengeful, or selfish....   [tags: death, family, emotion]
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819 words
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Iliad: Civilized vs Barbaric - Deciphering the Iliad There are many controversies involving the Iliad, but the most important is about the characters in the Iliad demonstrating barbaric and civilized behavior. Questions about this and the answers can be found by looking at Hektor, Paris and Achilles. Hektor represents the civilized being, always looking for a peaceful resolution to a problem. Achilles refuses to fight and somewhat resembles Paris, the civilized coward. Paris would stay back and relax while the battle raged outside....   [tags: literary analysis, literary criticism] 831 words
(2.4 pages)
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Homer's Iliad Study Questions - The Iliad, Homer Review Questions 48) Three of the gift-offerings Agamemnon will make to the implacable Achilles are seven tripods never touched by fire, ten bars of gold, and twenty burnished cauldrons. He makes rather diverse and interesting offerings. The return of Briseus' daughter is perhaps the most significant. 49) Odysseus presents Agamemnon’s offer to Achilles, but Achilles immediately rejects it. Odysseus editorializes or puts a more positive spin on Agamemnon’s ostensible apology by speaking of even more gifts and reminding Achilles that he now can kill Hector....   [tags: ancient Greek epic poems] 1766 words
(5 pages)
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The Odyssey and the Iliad - The Odyssey and the Iliad In our day and age, people strive for independence and a sense of authority. However, at many times this is more easily said than done. Whether it be God, or in the eyes of the Achaeans and Trojans, the immortals, lives and actions are commonly defined by a higher being. Which leads to Homer&#8217;s epic poems the Odyssey and the Iliad which deal with constant conflict in a world where the mortals are not even masters of their own destiny. The main character Odysseus, and the two armies, the Achaeans and the Trojans have little control over their own fate....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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1211 words
(3.5 pages)
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Women in the Iliad - Critical Review Essay Women In the Iliad The role of women in the Iliad is a subject that remains open to debate. Lefkowitz, in her article The Heroic Women of Greek Epic, argues that without the role of women in the Iliad the story would not have occurred (504 ). Lefkowitz points out that the Iliad opens with a description of a plague that was caused as the result of the capture of Chrysies by Agamemnon (504). Chryseis is the daughter of a priest named Chryses. Chryses wants his daughter back, so he offers a ransom to Agamemnon to try to get him to return his daughter....   [tags: World Literature] 601 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - Emotions in the Iliad, Emotions today The 'Iliad'; by Homer is a book that deals with many emotional issues. I am going to talk about a few emotional parts of the Iliad and compare them to the emotional life of today. I have chosen a section of the book and will talk about the emotions that come up there. The section that I have chosen to talk about is in book 18 when Achilles is very angry and very sad about Patroclus death. After that he wants revenge by killing hector. First off, Achilles talks about how sad he is about the death of Patroclus....   [tags: essays research papers] 795 words
(2.3 pages)
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Iliad Analysis - Two warrior-centric cultures, separated by oceans, but united by institutionalized patriarchy and a codified sense of the ideal warrior. It is crucial to first discuss the context in which these two societies functioned. The Iliad is likely based off historical events that occurred in Western Turkey in the 12th century BC. This was a culture of frequent war and constant instability. On the other hand, Chushingura takes place in the early 18th century AD under the political background of the stable Tokugawa Shogunate and the relatively prosperous Genroku period....   [tags: Chushingura, battle, glory]
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1943 words
(5.6 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - When analyzing the Greek work the Iliad, Homer procures an idealistic hero with an internal conflict, which questions the values of his society and the Greek Heroic Code. The Greek Heroic Code includes respect, honor, and requirements to procure an exorbitant image. To be considered a Greek hero you must meet the perquisites and fulfill all of the aspects of the code. Achilleus was deemed a hero, he was the strongest and swiftest of the Achieans. Achilleus lived up to all of these aspects until his internal conflict began in the Iliad....   [tags: essays research papers] 714 words
(2 pages)
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The Iliad by Homer - The Iliad by Homer The Iliad, by Homer, tells a part of the tale of the conquest of Troy by the Greeks. In the Greek army there are many prominent figures. These important Greeks have distinct personalities. This paper hopes to demonstrate that certain famous Greeks each get some form of comeuppance based on their respective bad character traits and actions. In essence, this paper will show that justice is served against the Greeks for their actions. It seems appropriate to start with the head of the Greek army, Agamemnon....   [tags: Papers] 1197 words
(3.4 pages)
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Iliad Overview - An epic poem outlined by the Oxford English Dictionary says that it's a “lengthy poem, usually one derived from ancient oral custom, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the historic previous of a rustic” The aim of the poems is to know the time of antiquity during which an epic poem depicts many things and readers can derive many causes from the poems. The Iliad of Homer, throughout which several things are, derived from the compilation of twenty-4 books, models the conventional of writing an epic; Homer units the usual through compiling two of basically essentially the most nicely-identified epics of the world....   [tags: Homer, Poem Analysis] 1308 words
(3.7 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - The Iliad Outline &explain the qualities of a “Homeric Hero”. Who best fits the bill. Why. The Homeric hero strives to be the best among his peers. His goal is to achieve the greatest glory in order to earn the highest honor from his peers, his commander, and finally from his warrior society. He strives for excellence in particular areas of human behavior, such behaviors are strength, skill, and determination. These are necessary on the both the athletic and battlefields, it is known as the idea of arete....   [tags: essays research papers] 1430 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - The Iliad of Homer Honor is something men and women have fought for century after century. Even now, thousands of American and British men are fighting in Iraq, near to where the Trojan War was to have taken place. These men fight for the greater good. They fight for those in Iraq who are unable to fight for or otherwise defend themselves. They fight for honor. The characters in the Iliad are motivated by their own form of honor, or arete, known similarly as the Homeric Code. And it is because of this code that the Trojan War began....   [tags: essays research papers] 1004 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - The Iliad is the quintessential epic. It is full with gods, goddesses, heroes, war, honor, glory, and the like. However, for just short while near the very conclusion Homer avoids all of those epic qualities. The banquet scene in Book XXIV is the most touching, the most “human” scene in the entire poem . In the midst of the dreadful gulf of war and anger there occurs an intimate moment between two men who ironically have much in common below the surface. Priam, old and fragile, makes his way to the camp of the enemy’s greatest warrior late at night....   [tags: essays research papers] 1065 words
(3 pages)
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Heroes in the Iliad - Throughout The Iliad, the heroic characters make decisions based on a definite set of principles, which are referred to as the "code of honor." The heroic code that Homer presents to the reader is an underlying cause for many of the events that take place, but many of the characters have different perceptions of how highly the code should be regarded. Hektor, the greatest of the Trojan warriors, begins the poem as the model of a Homeric hero. His dedication and strict belief in the code of honor is illustrated many times throughout the course of The Iliad....   [tags: Homer] 1124 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - The competition for power and ultimate victory is continuous throughout the Iliad. Several characters including gods and men, attempt to assume authority and rule in order to fulfill personal endeavors and obtain self-gratification. However, it is often that by themselves, these strong figures cannot carry out the tasks that they wish to accomplish. Instead, they are quick to manipulate and beg in order to have the job completed by someone else. On both the human and immortal level, individuals constantly need the help of others in their struggle for supremacy....   [tags: essays research papers] 754 words
(2.2 pages)
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Persuasion in the Iliad - Persuasion in the Iliad Throughout history is an endless list of great war leaders who have conquered great masses of land. So, it must take a great speaker to convince thousands of men to leave the comforts of their homes to risk their lives in war. In Homer's, The Iliad, two great nobleman Agamemnon and Odysseus are in the position to push exhausted soldiers back on to the battlefield. Each use different approaches to excite the men, however, it is Odysseus, not King Agamemnon, who succeeds....   [tags: Papers] 643 words
(1.8 pages)
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Grief in The Iliad - Grief in The Iliad There are many lessons that can be learned from reading Homer's The Iliad. One of which is understanding the stages of grief. One can literally watch Achilles go through all five stages when he morns the death of his comrade Patroclus. Achilles moves through Denial and Isolation, Depression, Anger, Bargaining and Acceptance in the short time after his close friends death. "Sheltered under his curving, beaked ships he found him, foreboding, deep down, all that had come to pass" (18.3-4)....   [tags: Papers] 505 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Iliad of Homer - The Iliad Important Characters: Agamemnon king of Mycenae; brother of Menelaos Hektor Prince of Troy; son of Priam and Hekuba Achilles greatest warrior of the Achaian army Aias song of Telamon; he has brute strength and courage Menelaos husband of Helen; brother of Agamemnon Paris a prince of Troy; also son of Priam and Hekuba Priam King of Troy; very old man Helen wife of Menelaos; most beautiful woman In the world Diomedes one of the best Achaian warriors Hekuba wife of Priam Aeneas son of Aphrodite; Trojan Aphrodite Daughter of Zeus; goddess of love; mother of Aeneas; patron of Paris; on the Trojans' side Athena daughter of Zeus; goddess of wisdom; on the Achaian side Ares son of Zeus;...   [tags: essays research papers] 1542 words
(4.4 pages)
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The Historic Accuracy of Homer’s Iliad - Homer’s Iliad has been a European myth for many millennia , the long poetic narrative written in the 8th century B.C. recounts a fearsome war fought over a beautiful woman. The reliability of Homers Iliad as a true historical document has been challenged for hundreds of years and only through archaeological studies can the truth be deciphered. The Iliad was written five centuries after the war, where the stories had been passed down through the oral tradition, therefore the type of society reflected within the poems resemble much more the time of Homer ....   [tags: Trojan War, Greek Mythology] 2935 words
(8.4 pages)
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Who was the Real Hero in Homer's The Iliad? - In Homer’s The Iliad he tells of the battles and events during the time of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles. This was just a small portion of the Trojan War that had lasted ten years. The Iliad shares the ideas of the glory of war, military values over family life, and the impermanence of human life and its creation. One thing that Homer does is characterize the two different warriors Achilles and Hector. These two great warriors both show different kinds of traits that shape the character they become throughout the The Iliad....   [tags: achilles, war, battle]
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914 words
(2.6 pages)
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Proving Ones Honor in The Iliad by Homer - ... 126). During the war, Hector was faithful to the fight, but Achilles withdrew from the war due to an argument with Agamemnon. Agamemnon had angered one of Apollo's priests and in accordance with the wishes of his priest Apollo started reigning havoc and death upon the Greeks. Agamemnon took a beautiful hostage named Briseis away from Achilles which had been given to him as his prize of honor. Agamemnon did this because he was forced to return his own prize of honor, Chryseis, back to her father in order to please Apollo (Rosenberg, 1999, p....   [tags: hero, glory, warrior]
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827 words
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Trojan War in Homer´s The Iliad - Homer’s Heroes The epic poem called The Iliad written by Homer concerns the Trojan War. It shows Trojan and Achaean warriors’ courage, bravery and their attempt to become the best fighter to get fame, glory, and honor. The heroes in The Iliad follow Homer’s heroic code, striving for excellence. Hector and Achilles’ strength comes from their desire for fame, glory, honor and their acceptance of fate. These qualities are considered to be characteristics of Homer’s heroic code. However, the actions of Paris are not heroic causing trouble and conflict for many people....   [tags: fame, glory, hero, honor, fate, code] 854 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Gods, and Zeus Especially, as Spectators in the Iliad - As spectators we are normally passive onlookers of the action taking place. The only influence we can have over the outcome is by making the participants aware of our support by cheering, or of our anger and frustration at an action by chanting and booing. We place our trust in the officials and referees to ensure that strict guidelines and rules are adhered to throughout the action. As spectators we are also commentators expressing our opinions regarding the actions of the participants and the officials....   [tags: trojans, zeus, poseidon] 2048 words
(5.9 pages)
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The Myth of the Matador and Theseus and The Iliad by Homer - There are many lost civilizations that are still being excavated all over the world. Along with these lost civilizations comes an ancient story that describes each civilization. These stories describe a civilization that excited many years ago; however the challenge is to see if these stories describe a mythical civilization or a real civilization. 3 civilizations that are described in the ancient myths are the Minoan, the Mycenaean, and the Trojan civilization. The myth of the Minotaur and Theseus describes a great civilization known as the Minoan civilization....   [tags: Ancient History, Literature]
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1939 words
(5.5 pages)
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Iliad And Odyssey - The views and beliefs of societies are often portrayed in the literature, art, and cinema of a certain era. The epic poems, The Iliad and Odyssey, give scholars and historians an idea how the Ancient Greek lived their everyday lives. By reading the two "novels," the reader is able to experience the three thousand years old society of Homer. The various similarities between our society and the societies depicted in the Iliad and the Odyssey are surprising profuse. To name a few: the superfluous violence in Iliad and Odyssey, the characterization of Odysseus, the obscure use of narcotics, the similarities between Catholicism and certain stories of the Odyssey, and the role of pets...   [tags: essays research papers] 1793 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Portrayal of Women in the Iliad - "So please go home and tend to your own tasks, / the distaff and the loom, and keep the women / working hard as well" (6.585-587). From this we see Hector's view of women, which is a theme that is echoed throughout the rest of the Iliad. Women are mentioned relatively few times in the Iliad in comparison with the books devoted solely to the men. Nevertheless, there is clear evidence that the role of women in this society was that of a servile follower. The first example of women being treated as property is found at the very beginning of the poem, when Agamemnon agrees to give Chryseis back to Calchas....   [tags: European Literature] 559 words
(1.6 pages)
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Heroic Code in the Iliad and the Odyssey -      In Webster’s Dictionary, a hero is defined as a person noted for courageous acts or nobility of purpose, especially if this individual has risked or sacrificed his life. In the Iliad and the Odyssey, the code which administers the conduct of the Homeric heroes is a straightforward idea. The aim of every hero is to achieve honor. Throughout the Iliad and the Odyssey, different characters take on the role of a hero. Honor is essential to the Homeric heroes, so much that life would be meaningless without it....   [tags: essays research papers] 945 words
(2.7 pages)
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Chapman's Version of The Odyssey and the Iliad - Chapman's Version of The Odyssey and the Iliad This poem is an expression of how the poet John Keats felt after rediscovering Homer's "The Odyssey and the Iliad" when he read Chapman's English translation of this Greek classic. To express this he uses the form of a sonnet, with fourteen lines, every set of two lines rhyming. The first four lines are one long sentence consisting mainly as metaphors to summarize his full meaning in whole. "Much have I travell'd in the realms of gold, and many goodly states and kingdoms seen"....   [tags: John Keats Epics Literature Essays]
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The Impact of Women in The Iliad - Women have always been recognized for their strong influence on the actions of men. Because of his love for Delia, Samson told his secret of his power and ended up losing it. In Shakespeare's Macbeth, Lady Macbeth urged Macbeth to commit murder. More recently, Eleanor Roosevelt strongly influenced the decisions that Franklin D. Roosevelt made. Women of Homer's epic, The Iliad, were considered primary instigators of the Trojan war. The characteristics attributed to women in ancient Greek mythology may have been key to the outbreak of the war....   [tags: Role of Women in the Trojan War] 582 words
(1.7 pages)
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Anger in The Iliad and Genies - Anger in The Iliad and Genies We live in a society of violence and extravagance. One can pick up a newspaper and see a headline reading “Bride Killed On Wedding Day By Crazed Ex-Boy Friend”. We live in an age of people who drive hundred thousand dollar cars. These are on opposite sides of the spectrum. We see people causing great pain and people who are trying to lose themselves in material goods, to avoid the suffering in life. This is the society we live in, which can be seen in all civilizations in the history of man....   [tags: Papers] 933 words
(2.7 pages)
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Similaries Between Aeneid and Iliad - Virgil’s Aeneid, tells the story of the founding of Rome. It follows the last of the Trojan’s who escaped the fate of Troy. Troy eventually falls following Homer’s The Iliad, and Virgil continues the story of their people. The Trojans are not, however, the only similarity between the two books. Virgil employs many of the same image patterns that Homer uses in The Iliad. The symbolism of fire, shields, and gates are used in both epic poems. Fire is used frequently in The Iliad, but Virgil utilizes this image in his poem as well....   [tags: essays research papers] 486 words
(1.4 pages)
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Iliad As A Dictate Of The Fath - Iliad as a Dictate of the Father The Lion Gate is gnarling down at anyone trying to advance past its massive guard. Inside the fortress, mighty shields and glistening swords await the visitor’s arrival. Skillfully carved armor decorations proclaim great battles and fierce hunts. The prevailing warrior ethos and his manly power are apparent in each Mycenaean artifact. It is this strong patriarchal culture that gave birth to the creation of the Iliad. The respect that the father receives as the head of the family is made obvious in the legendary epic....   [tags: essays research papers] 2285 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Concept of God in The Iliad by Homer - The Concept of God in The Iliad by Homer The American Heritage Dictionary defines a god as "1. A being conceived as the perfect, omnipotent, omniscient ruler and originator of the universe, the principal object of faith and worship in monotheist religions. 2. A being of supernatural powers, believed in and worshiped by a people."(360) I believe the first definition reflects Modern America's connotation of the word god. The latter definition recalls the Ancient Greco-Sumerian ideal of a being greater than man....   [tags: Papers] 1217 words
(3.5 pages)
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Comparing The Iliad and The Bible - Comparing The Iliad and The Bible     Throughout recorded history, man has sought explanations for the various phenomena that occur in every facet of nature, and when no obvious answer is forthcoming, still a theory is often proposed.  These explanatory theories, often taking the form of stories or chronicles, are usually linked to some sort of mysticism or divine intervention.  By ascribing that which he does not understand to the gods’ will at work, man avoids facing up to his own lack of knowledge in a given area, and also draws comfort from assuming that the universe does indeed function under the guidance of divine beings.  Thus the explanatory accounts that man crafts enhance his...   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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2161 words
(6.2 pages)
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How Ethical Are The Gods In The Iliad? - Ethics and morality are synonymous terms, both meaning customs in their original languages, Greek and Latin respectively. However, the Greek term “ethics” also implies character as opposed to its Latin counterpart referring to social customs. Ethike is descended from ethikos which, in turn from ethos which means character or nature. Ethos is the fundamental and distinctive characteristic of a group within its social context or period of time, typically expressed in its attitudes, habits or beliefs....   [tags: essays research papers] 1737 words
(5 pages)
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"The Iliad" and the Pursuit of Honor and Glory - The Iliad, which is an epic poem written about the Trojan War, was the first thing written in the European tradition. Astonishingly, its quality and appeal have yet to be surpassed. This is a result of Homer's use of idealistic themes, many of which show up in many modern novels. One of the most dominant themes present in The Iliad is the pursuit of honor and glory. Even though the Achaeans and Trojans are in a violent battle with one another, both display a similar attitude: the acquisition of glory is more important than life itself....   [tags: World Literature] 953 words
(2.7 pages)
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Differences in Heroes in The Iliad - Differences in Heroes in The Iliad “What a worthless, burnt-out coward I’d be called If I would submit to you and all your orders, Whatever you blurt out. Fling them at others, Don’t give me commands . Never again, I trust, will Achilles yield to you – My hands will never do battle for that girl, Neither with you, King, nor any man Alive.”(p 111) With these wrathful words of Achilles to his commander Agamemnon, so begins the sequence of events in The Iliad that ultimately pits Achilles the runner against Hector, breaker of horses....   [tags: Papers] 795 words
(2.3 pages)
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Achiles’ Shield in the Iliad - Achiles’ Shield as an Element of Contradistinction in the Iliad The Iliad is an epic of death. It is a tale of conflict, battle, agony, and horrific mutilation. Honor and glory are attained through warfare. The great shield of Achiles stands out in this context because it depicts the glories of an orderly, functioning, productive civilization. This depiction of life stands in stark contrast to the scenes of death that constitute a large portion of the narrative. An examination of the shield of Achiles in Homer’s Iliad reveals many ideas in conflict: love and honor, the pleasures of life versus a heroic death, free will and destiny....   [tags: Literature Art War Papers]
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3979 words
(11.4 pages)
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Why Was Honour an Important Theme in Homer’s Iliad? - For the Homeric hero, honour was a code to live by, won on the battlefield, achieved through oratory discourse and attained via athletic ability. However, to understand why honour was an important theme in Homer’s Iliad, we need to look at how the heroes of the epic poem, such as Agamemnon and Achilles lived by this code, observing their behaviour and how they treated others throughout the story. With this in mind, we can establish the ideal conduct that warrants honour and the reality of what living by such a code meant to everyone involved....   [tags: Greek Literature]
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1008 words
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The Created and Existent Gods in Homer’s Iliad - The ancient Greeks used the gods to explain the extraordinary and unusual events of the world around them. The ancient Greek world accepted these gods as anthropomorphic representations of natural forces and phenomena. Moreover, some gods were seen as actual people whose supernatural abilities gave them control over these natural forces. Homer’s Iliad is a prime example of these two different interpretations of the gods. In this epic, Homer anthropomorphizes some phenomena, thus creating deities in order to explain some of the events of the Trojan War....   [tags: Greek, Classics, Olympian Gods] 2319 words
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Critical Review on the Iliad - Nature’s Force Simone Weil, a French writer, explores the depth and motive of why and how we do the things we do. In this critical review, Weil elucidates the role of force in the Iliad. It is exceptionally difficult to put into words the meaning that Weil gives force. When she defines it, she states, “it is that x that turns anybody who is subjected to it into a thing” (331). When I first read this, I did not comprehend what she meant by it. As Weil refers to force, she uses in the context of war and the taking of lives in the Iliad....   [tags: essays research papers] 542 words
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Iliad - "The Iliad", an epic tale told by the famous Greek author Homer, is focused primarily on the Trojan War between the Greeks, or Argives, and the Trojans. This war was filled with bloody battles and a massive loss of life. Homer tells stories about a duration of time during this fighting, and not the entire war. He uses his story-telling abilities to focus the audience on the garish and sometimes mundane drudgery of war. Due to his removal from the actual time of these battles, his stories may be embellished or not completely accurate descriptions of what did or did not happen....   [tags: essays research papers] 1503 words
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The Iliad of Homer and Greek Heroes - The Iliad is an epic tale of war and hero’s within the Greek way of life. A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or “Kleos”, that is to be honored and respected among their people. Emphasis is put on living by the heroic code. Honor is essential to the Greeks and life would not be worth living without it. When a warrior or hero is advised to avoid risking their life in battle it almost drives them even further towards the deed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1484 words
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Iliad - Iliad Achilles’ Anger and Unreconciliation: Reassessing the Concepts of Mortality and Honor The subject of Homer’s epic poem, the Iliad, is very clearly stated--it is “the rage of Peleus’ son Achilles.” The reader remains continually aware of the extent of Achilles’ rage, yet is never told the reason why Achilles remains angry and unreconciled. There is no definitive answer to this question. Achilles is not a static character. He is constantly changing; thus the question of why he remains angry solicits different answers at various stages throughout the poem....   [tags: essays papers] 1317 words
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Divided by Conflict; United by Heroism: The Iliad by Homer - The Iliad focuses its narrative on the glories of heroes in the Trojan War, particular Achilles and Hector. Although both are heroes for their side, they have complex personalities that explain their actions. Indeed, as one reads through the poem, it seems that they have nothing in common. They do not share motives for fighting, similar views concerning the immortals, or perspective concerning relationships of those around them, yet they are united by characteristics that constitute a hero as we understand one....   [tags: bravery, sacrifice, humanity]
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Iliad - The Iliad Focus Questions Book I 1. What do the first six lines tell us about Achilles. The first six lines tell us that Achilles might be a military general or some one who can lead Greeks into battle, It states that Achilles is full of rage also that he is murderous, and doomed. I would think this meant that he would be going to “hell” for all the bad and murder that he has done. It says that he has killed a lot of people “hurling down to the House of Death so many sturdy souls”(stanza 1, line 3)....   [tags: essays research papers] 1704 words
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Tragic Heroes of The Iliad and Oedipus Rex Analysis - Calvin Coolidge once said, “Heroism is not only in the man, but in the occasion” (brainyquote.com). Heroes are among one of the most popular literary figures of all time. A Greek philosopher, Aristotle, wrote his notion of classic from of heroism called tragic heroism in his work entitled Poetics. In Poetics, Aristotle explains that there are certain qualities that a tragic hero has that can qualify him or her as tragically heroic. Two Grecian literary legends, Achilles from Homer’s Iliad and Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, fit the description of an Aristotelian tragic hero....   [tags: Aristotelian tragic heroes]
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Troy vs. The Iliad - Troy vs. The Iliad Over the thousands of years that the epic story the Iliad has survived, there has no doubt been some form of alteration to Homer’s original. Last May, Wolfgang Petersen directed a movie based on the Iliad. This movie, Troy, has proven to be a very loose adaptation of Homer’s original, as are almost all stories that are made into movies, unfortunately. With its timeless storyline, amazing scenery, gorgeous actors/actresses and most of all, its reported two hundred million dollar budget, it is easy to see why Troy was hyped up to be a box office hit....   [tags: Epic Stories Literature Essays]
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Deus and Kleos: The Paradox of Glory in Homer's The Iliad - ... Agamemnon attempts to tempt Achilles to return to the battlefield with great treasures, land, and even the hand of one of his daughters. However, Achilles refuses to return to the battle field even “if he gave [him] ten times as much, twenty times over, all he possesses now, and all that could pour in from the world’s end” ( Book IX, line 464). Achilles values glory and honor above everything else. Agamemnon insulted his honor, and took his glory, and nothing to Achilles can replace that. When Achilles withdraws from the battlefield he pleads with his immortal mother, Thetis, to plead with Zeus to “grant the Trojans victory after victory till the Achaean armies pay my dear son back.” (Bo...   [tags: honor, battle, gods]
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Translations of Homer's "Iliad" - From the four translations of Homer's Iliad that I have read, I can now determine what is a good or bad translation. What I believe is most important for a good translation of an epic is that it should be said in a vocabulary that is most understanding of the current time period. So the more recent the translation generally means it is more understandable to the reader. Another thing I determined that made a good translation of Homer's Iliad is for it to be interpreted like a story and not constructed over again into a poem....   [tags: World Literature] 616 words
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Heroism in Homer's Iliad - Every civilization throughout history has had its heroes, those who represent the values of their society to the highest degree. In today&#8217;s society, we think of heroes as super-humans who run faster than a speeding train and leap over buildings in a single bound. In ancient Greece, heroes were people who demonstrated great feats of strength and tremendous courage in battle. Greek heroes possessed wealth, power, and courage which earned them respect and honor in the community. In the Iliad, Homer tells the story of two warriors, Achilleus and Hektor, both of whom exhibit many of the qualities of a Greek hero....   [tags: essays research papers] 1308 words
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Similes in Homer's Iliad - An Examination of Similes in the Iliad - and how Homer's Use of Them Affected the Story In the Iliad, Homer finds a great tool in the simile. Just by opening the book in a random place the reader is undoubtedly faced with one, or within a few pages. Homer seems to use everyday activities, at least for the audience, his fellow Greeks, in these similes nearly exclusively. When one is confronted with a situation that is familiar, one is more likely to put aside contemplating the topic and simply inject those known feelings....   [tags: essays research papers] 1875 words
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Greek Mythologies: Gods and Mortals in Greek Literature - Greek mythologies arise from various cultural aspects of the Greek society; however, the role of the divinities in human affairs is particularly accentuated in most, if not all, Greek mythologies. Nevertheless, each author displays the role of divinities and supernatural differently, as Homer in The Odyssey and The Iliad displays direct interaction between the supernatural divinities and the mortals. On the other hand, Sophocles’ Antigone lessens such interactions and emphasizes the human role, while Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War completely ignores the notion of divine power, but focuses impartially on the actions of men and their consequences....   [tags: The Odyssey and The Iliad]
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A Comparison of Achilles and Hector - Homer's Iliad refers to an ancient epic Greek poem. The poem is based on the events of the Trojan War, the siege of the Troy city by a combination of Greek states that took almost ten years. The poem outlines the events and battle that took place between the Greeks and the Trojans. The events captured in the poem cover a few weeks to the end of the war. However, the poem contains deep Greek mythical allusion. It describes the great Greek legends involved in the siege, the events that occurred before the actual war such as meeting of the warriors planning the siege, the reason and the foundation of the battle and the events that happened in the beginning....   [tags: The Iliad Essays]
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A Comparison of Achilles and Hector - In Homer’s epic, the Iliad, the legendary, has no two characters that are so similar yet so different as Greek warrior, Achilles, and the Prince of Troy, Hector. Achilles is the strongest fighter in the Greek side, and Hector is the strongest Trojan. They are both put into the mold of a hero that their respective societies have put them into; however; it is evident that they are both extremely complex characters with different roles within their society and with their families, and with the gods....   [tags: The Iliad Essays] 945 words
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Homer's Iliad - Homer's Iliad The Iliad is an epic of death. It is a tale of conflict, batle, agony, and horific mutilation. Honor and glory are atained through warfare. The great shield of Achiles stands out in this context because it depicts the glories of an orderly, functioning, productive civilization. This depiction of life stands in stark contrast to the scenes of death that constitute a large portion of the narative. An examination of the shield of Achiles in Homer’s Iliad reveals many ideas in conflict: love and honor, the pleasures of life versus a heroic death, free wil and destiny....   [tags: Art Tool of Warfare Papers]
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The Humanity of Achilles - As George Eliot once said, “It is a narrow mind which cannot look at a subject from various points of view.” Whether viewing a piece of artwork or another person, there are often many points of view to evaluate in order to find the true core of the subject. In great works of literature, authors often create complex and dynamic characters to add depth and meaning into the story. In the Iliad, Homer beautifully depicts the multifaceted character of Achilles as an epic hero. As readers look closely at Achilles, he reveals different sides of himself as the epic poem develops....   [tags: The Iliad Essays]
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Achilles: The Tragic Hero - When researching heroes of classic literature it is impossible to ignore Achilles from The Iliad by Homer. Starting from the time that his mother Thetis dipped him in the River Styx, making his body practically invincible, it was obvious that the Greeks had a hero in the making (Achilles, 173). His physical strength and persistence to extinguish the Trojan society is untouched by any other figure in mythology (Achilles, 173). In The Iliad Achilles is not only a hero, but a tragic hero who experiences a downfall and realizes that it is a direct result of his actions....   [tags: The Iliad Essays]
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Varying Interpretations of Helen - Within the poem The Iliad, written by Homer, there are several tales of the epic battles waged between the men of Greece and Troy. These men fought constantly for ten years. A person might think that a battle that could continue for that amount of time may be about a difference of religion, or perhaps because a king wanted to acquire more land. No, this war was fought for one thing, a woman. No one contests the beauty of the woman named Helen. However, some may question the character of this immortal beauty within the text of Homer’s epic poem....   [tags: Homer's The Iliad]
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Homer's Iliad - " Yet if somewhere I could only get some word of Aias of the great war cry, we two might go, and keep the spirit of battle even in the face of divinity, if we might win the body for Pelid Achilleus. It would be out best among evils." Iliad Ch. 17 Ln.101-105 This is a quote from Homer's Iliad in which Menelaos and Aias are both fighting for the Greeks. This quote is talking about how Menelaos, a Greek warrior, called on Aias to stand firm in the face of a great fighting and danger....   [tags: essays research papers] 857 words
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Homer's Iliad - In the excerpts we read from The Iliad, the characters continuously performed tasks that were considered to be courageous for the sake of honor. With the motive of the task being courage, the tasks were automatically regarded as noble, but there are underlining suggestions that the majority of the "honorable" tasks were selfish. This was especially intriguing to me because it differs from the Asian honor system that I am more familiar with. One example is when Hector, the mighty warrior of Troy, accepts the challenge of the goddess Pallas Athena to combat man-to-man one of Achea’s best....   [tags: essays research papers] 538 words
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Comparison of the Greek Religion in the Iliad to Christianity - Comparison of the Greek Religion in the Iliad to Christianity Throughout the Iliad of Homer there can be seen many features of the Greek religion. The features of religion that appear throughout this epic poem are those that existed during the time of Homer. By taking a better look at theses main features it can be seen that they are similar to those of Christianity today. Some of the existing main features of both are the following: the belief in gods or God, prayer, sacrifice, and funeral rites....   [tags: Papers] 1038 words
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Homers Iliad - General Plot Summary of Homer\'s Iliad The Iliad is a lengthy poem of some 15,693 lines, divided into 24 books (cantos) and has as its theme the anger (menis) of the Greek hero Achilles, the greatest of the heroes to sail to Troy. In the tenth year of the war, Achilles quarrels with the leader of the expedition, Agamemnon, over a slight to Achilles\' honor. In his anger, Achilles withdraws from the fighting and wins the aid of Zeus, the king of the gods, to see to it that the war turns against the Greeks....   [tags: essays research papers] 733 words
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Homer's Iliad - The Iliad is a poem divided into twenty-four books, about Troy, written in the late eighth or early seventh century B. C. by Homer. The saga is about the tenth year of a war between the Greeks and the Trojans, around 1200 B. C. , and takes place before the city of Troy. While the Greeks are stood by the walls of Troy, the King, Agamemnon, does not want to return his captive Chryseis to the priest of Apollo, her father. As the Greeks persevere in their demand, Agamemnon finally agrees, but takes Briseis from Achilleus in her place....   [tags: essays research papers] 1787 words
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Homer's Iliad - The Iliad is an epic that tells the story of how Achilles avenges the death of his friend Petrocolus. Many of the events that took place were influenced by the God’s. The God either had control of the situation or took control of the situation at some point in time, not allowing the free will of the mortals to interfere with what was destined to happen. In the beginning of the Iliad, Agamemnon who the commander-in-chief of the Achaean forces, takes a liking to the Chryseis and takes her away from the her father....   [tags: essays research papers] 985 words
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Comparative Analysis of the Aeneid, Odyssey, and Iliad - Comparative Analysis of the Aeneid, Odyssey, and Iliad The Iliad and the Odyssey are two of the best Greek epics written by Homer. Despite their popularity, almost nothing is known about the author beyond the existence of his masterpieces. Surprisingly enough no concrete evidence of his existence is available; not even to confirm the same person created the two works. The authorship of the Iliad and the Odyssey were debated even in the times of the ancient Greeks. Many scholars have argued that Homer did not compose the Iliad and the Odyssey; only compiled over the centuries by many different storytellers....   [tags: Papers] 964 words
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A Comparison of Homeric Formalism in The Iliad and The Odyssey - Homeric Formalism in The Iliad and The Odyssey "Much that is terrible takes place in the Homeric poems, but it seldom takes place wordlessly... no speech is so filled with anger or scorn that the particles which express logical and grammatical connections are lacking or out of place." (from "Odysseus' Scar" by Erich Auerbach)   In his immaculately detailed study comparing the narrative styles of Homer to those of the Bible, Erich Auerbach hits upon one of the most notable intrigues of reading Homer, namely his unrelenting sense of epic form and rhythm....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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Importance of Iliad as Modern Teaching Tool - Importance of Iliad as a Modern Teaching Tool The passing of works from generation to generation is not an uncommon thing, nor is it a new practice. For centuries, even since the beginning of time, scholars have recorded and passed on historical accounts, works of art, poetry, and great literary works as a means of transcending the culture from one generation to the next. In doing so, these works were not merely used for leisurely purposes, rather as a way to teach and educate different lessons, morals, and values....   [tags: Papers] 1452 words
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The Mysterious Homer, Author of The Odyssey and The Iliad - The Mysterious Homer, Author of The Odyssey and The Iliad  A sketchy figure by the name of Homer is given credit for the two great epic poems of ancient Greece. The Odyssey and The Iliad influenced Greek culture, education, and morality. Little is known about Homer and many scholars question whether he existed at all. (Encarta) Some say two different unknown authors wrote the two poems. (Britannica) Others say that many oral poets were responsible for the finished products. (Britannica) In this report I will discuss the theories that support the existence of an author named Homer....   [tags: Homer]
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Achilles: The Tragic Hero - The Iliad, the Greek epic documented by Homer that describes the battles and events of the ten year siege on Troy by the Greek army. Both Trojans and Greeks had their fair share of heroes and warriors, but none could match the skill and strength of the swift runner, Achilles. Achilles had the attributes of a perfect warrior with his god-like speed and combat abilities. However, even though he was Greek’s greatest warrior, he still possessed several flaws that made him fit the role of the Tragic Hero impeccably....   [tags: The Iliad Essays]
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