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Your search returned 354 essays for "deductive":
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Logic: An Empirical Study of A Priori Truths - Logic: An Empirical Study of A Priori Truths ABSTRACT: I distinguish a priori knowledge from a priori truths or statements. A priori knowledge either is evident or is derived from evident premisses by means of correct reasoning. An a priori statement is one that reflects features of the conceptual framework within which it is placed. The statement either describes semantic relations between concepts of the framework or it characterizes the application of the framework to experience and the world....   [tags: Logical Philosophy Philosophical Essays] 3263 words
(9.3 pages)
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Aristotelian Intellectual Intuition, Basic Beliefs and Naturalistic Epistemology - Aristotelian Intellectual Intuition, Basic Beliefs and Naturalistic Epistemology ABSTRACT: I first argue that Aristotelian intellectual intuition (recognizing archai through epagoge and seeing their truth by recognizing their explanatory power through nous) generates basic beliefs which are not inferred — inductively or deductively — from other beliefs. Both involve synthetic intuitive insight. Epagoge grasps a connection and nous sees its general applicability. I next argue that such beliefs are properly basic by adapting an argument made by Hilary Kornblith....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
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3166 words
(9 pages)
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Extending a Kantian Dichotomy to a Poincaréan Trichotomy - Extending a Kantian Dichotomy to a Poincaréan Trichotomy ABSTRACT: I argue for the possibility of knowledge by invention which is neither á priori nor á posteriori. My conception of knowledge by invention evolves from Poincaré’s conventionalism, but unlike Poincaré’s conventions, propositions known by invention have a truth value. An individuating criteria for this type of knowledge is conjectured. The proposition known through invention is: gounded historically in the discipline to which it belongs; a result of the careful, sincere and objective quest and effort of the knower; chosen freely by the inventer or knower; and, private in its invention but public once invented....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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2976 words
(8.5 pages)
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Strindberg's Miss Julie and Beckett's Waiting for Godot - Strindberg's Miss Julie and Beckett's Waiting for Godot The motivations and behavior of key characters in Strindberg's Miss Julie and Beckett's Waiting for Godot will be analyzed according to Eric Berne's method of transactional analysis. Eric Berne deals with the psychology behind our transactions. Transactional analysis determines which ego state is implemented by the people interacting. There are three possibilities which are either parent, adult, or child. The key characters in Waiting for Godot are Vladimir and Estragon....   [tags: English Literature Essays]
:: 3 Works Cited
2475 words
(7.1 pages)
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The Gap Between ESL Programs and Mainstream Academics - The Gap Between ESL Programs and Mainstream Academics The world of Academia is daunting even for one who speaks the language of the culture in which it is embedded. As I set about writing this paper, I must – as I imagine Ryuko Kubota must also have done in her crusade against stereotypical theories – make this subject real for me. This process of making sense of what has already been written, of my own and others’ responses to them, of how it applies to what I have observed in the real life of a Japanese student grappling through the rhetorical and cultural jungles, and how to synthesis it all into a crisp-written thesis, feels very much like preparing to birth a perfect, unwieldy egg....   [tags: Education Academics China Language Essays]
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5052 words
(14.4 pages)
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Can Marx's Theory of History Be Truly Scientific? - Karl Marx is one of the most influential figures in history. Since his death and the widespread distribution of his works, his legacy has affected almost everybody alive on the planet today. He has had a huge influence on the arts: Literature, art, theatre, film and even music. Peter Singer, in his book about Marx likened his impact on the world to that of Jesus or Mohammed. His biggest influence, however, has been on the world of politics. One very small example of this could be the Welfare State which exists in the UK; we owe the idea such institutions as pensions, free education, health care and social security benefits to Marx....   [tags: Philosophy] 2189 words
(6.3 pages)
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Murphy V. Brentwood District Council 1991 Ac 398 - OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLOGY OBJECTIVES: TO STUDY AND CRITICALLY ANALISE THE CASE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PRINCIPLES INVOLVED. TO DRAW UP THE COMMON INFERENCE WHILE STUDYING THE USE OF THE PRINCIPLE IN OTHER CASES. METHODOLOGY THE BASIC METHODOLOGY ADOPTED TO PREPARE THIS RESEARCH IS DEDUCTIVE THAT IS TO STUDY VARIOUS CASES, TO ANALYSE THE LAWS IN THE SAME TOPIC AND UNDERSTAND THE GENERAL PRINCIPLE TO DRAW A GENERAL CONCLUSION. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1:......................................INTRODUCTION 2:......................................PRINCIPLES INVOLVED 3:......................................CRITICAL ANALYSIS 4:......................................CONCLUSION 5:....   [tags: Law Critical Analysis] 1363 words
(3.9 pages)
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Descartes and Knowing with Certainty of God's Existence - Descartes and Knowing with Certainty of God's Existence Descartes, Pascal, and the Rationalist Credo Pascal asserts that we can know only by the heart, whereas Descartes would have us believe through his truths that we can know with certainty of Gods existence. The factors that go into their views on reason will be compared and accented within this essay. The order of the universe is knowable to Descartes. He proves these by using certain truths. To arrive at these truths Descartes doubted everything and especially could not trust authoritarian knowledge....   [tags: Papers] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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God as a Supernatural Being or a Myth - God as a Supernatural Being or a Myth God, supernatural being or a myth. That is the question that this paper will try to answer. This paper will try to prove that the supernatural being known as god truly does exist. In doing so, I will use an argument, by Elliot Sober, which tries to prove that God's existence is merely a myth and refute that argument. In the end proving that God truly exists. (1) If God were to exist, then that being would be all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good (all-PKG for short)....   [tags: Papers] 920 words
(2.6 pages)
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Criticism of Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman - Criticism of Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman I found Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman, while a definite classic, not as interesting as other Miller plays. For example, ‘All my Sons' is a story about an unscrupulous businessman who lies in court to save himself from certain imprisonment, sends his business partner to prison, and eventually commits suicide once one of his sons uncovers his devious plot. The intrigue, excitement, and setting were easy to follow, enjoyable and riveting. Conversely, I found Death of a Salesman to be slow at times (particularly the first act), difficult to follow (i.e., when Willy Loman was thinking to himself or reminiscing from memory), and overall les...   [tags: Papers] 1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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The Hound Of The Baskervilles by Conan Doyle - The Hound Of The Baskervilles by Conan Doyle Conan Doyle is best known as the creator of Sherlock Holmes and his sidekick Dr Watson. His stories about mysterious detection stories are still being read all over the world. Arther Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh in 1859. He spent a year in Austria before taking a degree in medicine. He later drew on the method of diagnosis for the basis for Sherlock Holmes's own deductive methods and 'Elementary' approach to solving mysteries....   [tags: Papers] 848 words
(2.4 pages)
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Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice - Conceptualization and Measurement in Criminology and Criminal Justice In chapter 3 of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice there are four areas of focus. They are concepts, measurement operations, evaluation of measures, and levels of measurement. We are going to address conceptualization by using substance abuse and related ideas as examples. For measurement, let us review first how measures of substance abuse have been created, utilizing procedures as available data, questions, observations, and less direct and prominent measures....   [tags: Criminal Justice Book Review] 1205 words
(3.4 pages)
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Conjectures and Refutations by Sir Karl Popper - Conjectures and Refutations by Sir Karl Popper In a broad sense science is a systematic quest for knowledge. With this working definition in mind one can see that many areas of human endeavors could qualify as science. Therefore, Popper attempts to find a point of demarcation between science and psuedo-science. "Is there a criterion for the scientific character or status of theory."(1) The most widely accepted answer to this problem Popper says is induction and empirical method. At this point I find it necessary to define these two terms....   [tags: Science Sir Karl Popper Scientists Essays]
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1106 words
(3.2 pages)
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Exploring the Relationship Between Faith and Belief - One argues that today we have a crisis of belief, not a crisis of faith. To explain this crisis, I will briefly examine the relationship between faith and belief, explain why cultural shift is important to note when trying to understand religious issues, go into detail on the three hallmarks of each of the two cultures by showing how they compare to each other, show how Tillich’s notion of correlation deals with this idea of culture and a crisis of belief, and explain how Marsh’s notion of a “theology of negotiation” (33) fits with Lonergan’s definition and allows him to argue that film can help us raise theological questions....   [tags: Tillich’s Notion of Correlation ] 996 words
(2.8 pages)
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Popper and Kuhn: Two Views of Science - Popper and Kuhn: Two Views of Science In this essay I attempt to answer the following two questions: What is Karl Popper’s view of science. Do I feel that Thomas Kuhn makes important points against it. The two articles that I make reference to are "Science: Conjectures and Refutations" by Karl Popper and "Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research?" by Thomas Kuhn. In the article, "Science: Conjectures and Refutations", Karl Popper attempts to describe the criteria that a theory must meet for it to be considered scientific....   [tags: Science Scientific Essays Popper Kuhn] 1441 words
(4.1 pages)
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Leadership Styles: Relationship Between Emplyer and Employee - Introduction Chris Harrison is a self employed contractor. He works out of Newfield New York. He was interviewed on two different occasions about a month apart with the aim of finding out how he felt about his work. During these two interviews a major sociological theme emerged. It was the theme of leadership styles and the relationship between Chris and his workers. Chris believes in treating the men that he has working for him as men. “The rest of them may only be eighteen or nineteen but they are all men in my eyes” (Harrison 2005A)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
1352 words
(3.9 pages)
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Personal Identity in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels - Personal Identity in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels What establishes a person’s identity. What changes this personal identity. Psychologically, we have the ability to change our beliefs. Physically, our human bodies change. How do we frame the issue to better understand man’s inability to decipher his own self-identity, and more importantly, how do we know when and precisely where this change in identity occurs. Issues of personal identity are apparent in Gulliver’s Travels, by Jonathan Swift....   [tags: Jonathan Swift Gulliver's Travels Essays] 1755 words
(5 pages)
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John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume - Locke, Berkeley, and Hume Enlightenment began with an unparalleled confidence in human reason. The new science's success in making clear the natural world through Locke, Berkeley, and Hume affected the efforts of philosophy in two ways. The first is by locating the basis of human knowledge in the human mind and its encounter with the physical world. Second is by directing philosophy's attention to an analysis of the mind that was capable of such cognitive success. John Locke set the tone for enlightenment by affirming the foundational principle of empiricism: There is nothing in the intellect that was not previously in the senses....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism] 1082 words
(3.1 pages)
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Critique of Thank You for Smoking? - Critique of “Thank You for Smoking…?” “Thank You for Smoking…?” is an article written by Peter Brimelow about the benefits of smoking. Brimelow provides some very clear points which are well addressed. Even though I do not agree with the subject that “smoking, in a way, is good for you,” (141) I think Peter Brimelow did a thorough job of making his opinions credible to the reader. Major Claim and Grounds This essay is a good example of a deductive essay because it moves from generalizations to specific instances (McFadden, 2003)....   [tags: Critiques]
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1035 words
(3 pages)
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Using Computers as Effective Teaching Tools - Using Computers as Effective Teaching Tools How can I implement technology to improve my effectiveness as a teacher. I know that students, in general, enjoy using computers in the classroom. So how can we, as teachers, take advantage of the computer as a tool to instruct. Computers are used as teaching tools often to teach through the interactive mode. Students enjoy interactive learning because they can apply the learning to the real world. I know that computers have their pitfalls in the classroom....   [tags: Technology Education Educational Papers]
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3576 words
(10.2 pages)
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The Issue of Experiment in Mathematics - The Issue of Experiment in Mathematics ABSTRACT: The issue of the status of mathematical knowledge a priori or a posteriori has been repeatedly considered by the philosophy of mathematics. At present, the development of computer technology and their enhancement of the everyday work of mathematicians have set a new light on the problem. It seems that a computer performs two main functions in mathematics: it carries out numerical calculations and it presents new areas of research. Thanks to cooperation with the computer, a mathematician can gather different data and facts concerning the issue of interest....   [tags: Math Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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2302 words
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Does King Lear Play The Tragic - Does King Lear Play the Tragic Hero, or the Autocrat. It is quite possible to make an argument in favour of either answer, an argument that would prove to be quite a debate, although one answer would weigh in favour of the other. To prove this, certain elements would have to be analysed thoroughly, all aspects taken into context and sufficient research done into the matter. This is the only method in which a fair debate of the argument can be taken into consideration. We can only find the answer to this question if we know what the two arguments mean; this will provide a solid base onto which the rest of the debate can rest, a foundation of fact....   [tags: essays research papers] 876 words
(2.5 pages)
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Exploring Research Methodologies: Positivism and Interpretivism - Exploring Research Methodologies: Positivism and Interpretivism Before a researcher can initiate a research project, they face the confusion and the range of theoretical perspectives, methodologies, methods, and the philosophical basis that encompasses them all. This seemingly meticulous structure for the research process is in fact aimed toward providing the researcher with a ‘scaffolding’, or a direction which they can go on to develop themselves to coincide with their particular research purposes....   [tags: essays research papers]
:: 15 Works Cited
2105 words
(6 pages)
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The Influence of Logic and Perception - The Influence of Logic and Perception The online website, dictionary.com, defines logic as the study of the principles of reasoning, especially of the structure of propositions as distinguished from their content and of method and validity in deductive reasoning. (http://dictionary.reference.com/) This same website defines critical thinking as the mental process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information to reach an answer or conclusion....   [tags: Reasoning Logic Critical Thinking Essays] 696 words
(2 pages)
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The Nature of Logic and Perception - Critical thinking is the use of those cognitive skills or strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome. It is used to describe thinking that is purposeful, reasoned and goal directed - the kind of thinking involved in solving problems, formulating inferences, calculating likelihood’s, and making decisions when the thinker is using skills that are thoughtful and effective for the particular context and type of thinking task. Thus, critical thinking involves: following evidence where it leads; considering all possibilities; relying on reason rather than emotion; being precise; considering a variety of possible viewpoints and explanations; weighing the effects of motives and...   [tags: Critical Thinking] 693 words
(2 pages)
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Edgar Allan Poe's Tales of Ratiocination - Edgar Allan Poe Tales of Ratiocination Edgar Allan Poe: "Tales of Ratiocination" The detective story is a tale that features a mystery and/or the commission of a crime, emphasizing the search for a solution. It distinguishes itself from other forms of fiction by the fact that it is a puzzle. The detective story did not just spring into being in its current form, but rather, evolved over time. The first true detective stories were written by Edgar Allan Poe. Many writers and critics have plainly stated that he is the inventor of detective fiction....   [tags: essays papers]
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2125 words
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Passive Women in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales? - Passive Women in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. One argument that reigns supreme when considering Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales is whether or not there is an element of anti-feminism within the text. One thread that goes along with this is whether or not the women of The Canterbury Tales are passive within the tales told. This essay will explore the idea that the women found within the tales told by the pilgrims (The Knight’s Tale, The Miller’s Tale and The Wife of Bath’s Tale to name a few) are not passive at all, but rather influence the turn of events within the stories....   [tags: Chaucer Canterbury Tales Women Essays]
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1476 words
(4.2 pages)
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Joyce’s portrayal of thought in Eveline - Joyce’s portrayal of thought in “Eveline” Among the short stories in the collection Dubliners by James Joyce, “Eveline” is a story wherein the reader views the world through the eyes of the eponymous heroine. In delineating her contemplations, Joyce mainly uses the third person narrative with traces of free indirect discourse. The narration sequence at first glance appears to be highly disconnected. However, it is through the judicious use of both these devices that Joyce succeeds in portraying – with a great deal of realism – the progression of thought in the human mind....   [tags: James Joyce Dubliners] 1053 words
(3 pages)
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The Need for Francis Bacon's Philosophy - The Need for Bacon's Philosophy Works in This Complicated World We live in interesting times. We, meaning those of us living in the United States of America near the close of the twentieth century, are a part of the most technologically advanced civilization the world has ever know as well as the biggest economy in the world to date. Because of our country's wealth and power, it attracts immigrants from many other nations. Furthermore, because of advances in communications technology, meaning especially television and the Internet, we are exposed to different lifestyles and experiences from all over the world....   [tags: Science Scientific Method] 1039 words
(3 pages)
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The Work of Robert Gagné - The Work of Robert Gagné Overview The fundamental concern of instructional design is the creation of more effective learning environments for learners. In order to do this, instructional designers must consider the various learning styles and stages of development of the learners as they interact with course material and develop a mature understanding of a topic. According to Ormrod (1995), theories of learning provide explanations about the underlying mechanisms involved in the learning process....   [tags: Instructional Design Essays]
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1397 words
(4 pages)
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The Nature of Quantitative Research - The Nature of Quantitative Research Quantitative Research Defined: According to Huysamen (1997), "descriptions of quantitative research typically discern a cycle of successive phases of hypothesis formulation, data collection, analysis and interpretation." Using a deductive approach, quantitative research seeks to establish facts, make predictions, and test hypotheses that have already been stated. A large part of the data analysis of quantitative research is statistical, striving to show that the world can be looked at in terms of one reality; this reality, when isolated in context, can be measured and understood, a perspective known as positivism (Gay & Airasian, 1999)....   [tags: Quantitative Research Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
1337 words
(3.8 pages)
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Qualitative Research for Instructional Technology - Qualitative Research Qualitative Research Defined: The simplest way to define qualitative research is to say that it is a type of research which involves interpreting nonnumerical data. The underlying belief of qualitative research is that "meaning is situated in a particular perspective or context, and, since different people and groups have different perspectives and contexts, there are many different meanings in the world, none of which is necessarily more valid or true than another" (Gay & Airasian, 1996)....   [tags: Qualitative Research in Education]
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1845 words
(5.3 pages)
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Averting Arguments: Nagarjuna’s Verse 29 - Averting Arguments: Nagarjuna’s Verse 29 ABSTRACT: I examine Nagarjuna’s averting an opponent’s argument (Verse 29 of Averting the Arguments), Paul Sagal’s general interpretation of Nagarjuna and especially Sagal’s conception of "averting" an argument. Following Matilal, a distinction is drawn between locutionary negation and illocationary negation in order to avoid errant interpretations of verse 29 ("If I would make any proposition whatever, then by that I would have a logical error. But I do not make a proposition; therefore, I am not in error.") The argument is treated as representing an ampliative or inductive inference rather than a deductive one....   [tags: Nagarjuna Verse 29 Essays]
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1673 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism - The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism In answer to the question 'What can we know?' anyone who gives a pessimistic answer is labelled a sceptic. Scepticism is associated with incredulity. A sceptic is someone who questions things (particularly received opinions) and also practices suspension of judgement. This questioning outlook has been labelled by some as practical scepticism. However, philosophical scepticism involves more than this. Its essential element is a general view about human knowledge....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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1825 words
(5.2 pages)
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American Pie, by Don McLean - Analysis of the song “American Pie”, by Don McLean The song “American Pie”, by Don McLean, was a major rock-and-roll hit in 1971. McLean portrays famous rock-and-roll singer and songwriter Buddy Holly, who died in a plane crash in 1961 by using many rhetorical strategies. The different possible interpretations of this song made it one of the most controversial songs from the 1970’s. Don McLean was a famous singer/songwriter who was popular in the 1970’s. His music is mostly classified into rock-and-roll....   [tags: Rhetorical Analysis] 666 words
(1.9 pages)
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How to Get Completely Lost - How to Get Completely Lost The ability to get yourself lost may seem like a rather simple task. You may think this is as easy to do as just throwing the road map out the car door window and simply taking whatever road seems most appealing at the present moment. But to really truly get yourself completely lost to the point that you could end up one thousand miles or more from your originally planned destination while thinking you were going in the correct direction in the first place is an extremely difficult event all in itself....   [tags: Essays Papers] 752 words
(2.1 pages)
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Communicating With The It Department - What is the best way to communicate with the Information Technology (IT) department. In this paper, we will look at two IT personnel and comparre communication styles. The most effective way to present this scenario is to engage you, the reader, in a mock computer/network crisis in your company. For many years communicating with the IT department was not a priority. Most businesses used computers for word processing and simple spreadsheets. Networks were stations on the televisions and there was very little to no dependence on a computer system....   [tags: essays research papers] 1096 words
(3.1 pages)
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Winter and Sunny Weather Systems - Weather is a fascinating subject. It is such an intricate and amazing process, which our mother earth goes through on a daily basis. All over the world, weather seems to be a very important aspect for our everyday lives. For instance; sunny weather can bring on a very harmonious and beautiful atmosphere, while cloudy and rainy weather can bring about tragedy. In 1998; the earth experienced an El Nino which brought on fierce weather, flooding, and hurricanes. Weather systems are very broad and detailed, so please; sit back and enjoy as I attempt to tackle the subject of weather systems....   [tags: essays research papers] 1515 words
(4.3 pages)
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Nature of Logic and Perception - Nature or Logic and Perception Outline: 1. Definition of logic and its connection with critical thinking. 2. An everyday example is given when use of logic and critical thinking takes place. 3. Nature of logic defined. 4. Perceptual shortcuts and factors influencing it. 5. How these shortcuts affect our decisions. 6. My personal experience of perceptual shortcut. 7. What I learned from this experience. 8. Importance of logic and critical thinking. 9. Resources This paper is aimed at the relation logic has with perception....   [tags: Logic Critical Thinking Philosophy Essays]
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1135 words
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Rene Descartes is a Rationalist - There is a distinct difference between rationalism and empiricism. In fact, they are very plainly the direct opposite of each other. Rationalism is the belief in innate ideas, reason, and deduction. Empiricism is the belief in sense perception, induction, and that there are no innate ideas. With rationalism, believing in innate ideas means to have ideas before we are born.-for example, through reincarnation. Plato best explains this through his theory of the forms, which is the place where everyone goes and attains knowledge before they are taken back to the “visible world”....   [tags: Rationalism vs Empiricism]
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716 words
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Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift - In 1726, the Anglo-Irish satirist Jonathan Swift wrote Gulliver's Travels. Gulliver's Travels was originally intended as an attack on the hypocrisy of the establishment, including the government, the courts, and the clergy, but it was so well written that it immediately became a children's favorite. Swift wrote Gulliver's Travels at a time of political change and scientific invention, and many of the events he describes in the book can easily be linked to contemporary events in Europe. One of the reasons that the stories are deeply amusing is that, by combining real issues with entirely fantastic situations and characters, they suggest that the realities of 18th-century England were as fan...   [tags: essays research papers] 886 words
(2.5 pages)
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THE APPLICATION OF GOLDRATT?S THINKING - Allied Academies International Conference page 9 Proceedings of the Academy of Strategic Management, Volume 2, Number 2 Las Vegas, 2003 THE APPLICATION OF GOLDRATT’S THINKING PROCESS TO PROBLEM SOLVING Lloyd J. Taylor, III, P.E., Ph.D., University of Texas taylor_l@utpb.edu R. David Ortega, University of Texas ABSTRACT The “Thinking Process” as introduced Dr. Eliyah Goldratt, in The Goal and further expounded upon in, It’s Not Luck, is based on the Socratic teaching method of if …then reasoning....   [tags: essays research papers] 2506 words
(7.2 pages)
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The Parmenidean Paradox Of Motion - Philosophical thought begins with the Milesians, where intellectual curiosity propelled thinkers like Anaximander and Heraclitus to attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe by means of specific physical elements. During the 6th century BC, Eleatics, like Parmenides and Zeno, had rejected physical phenomena and propounded metaphysical paradoxes that cut at the roots of belief in the very existence of the natural world. Parmenides uproots the theories of his predecessors by bearing to light the logical possibilities of any philosophical inquiry....   [tags: essays research papers] 1233 words
(3.5 pages)
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Women, Work And Public Policy - Gender and the market are both concepts that carry tremendous power to shape society. Indeed, these institutions are so powerful within society that they can seem invisible and immutable. Each of these influential constructs has become the lens through which a theoretical approach defines and analyzes the world: feminist theory centering on gender, and economic theory centering on the market. Such a primary focus enables each theory to function as an invaluable tool in clarifying complex interactions....   [tags: essays research papers] 1132 words
(3.2 pages)
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Vicariouis Liability and Article 21 - Vicariouis Liability and Article 21 I take this opportunity to express my gratitude and personal regards to Mrs. Stelina jolly for inspiring and guiding me during the course of this project work. I also owe my sincere thanks to the library staff, National Law University for the cooperation and facility extended from time to time during the progress of my project work. And last but not the least I must give my humblest gratitude to my parents and my friends for their support and encouragement....   [tags: Papers] 1608 words
(4.6 pages)
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Belief of a Supernatural Being - Belief of a Supernatural Being I believe that there is a supernatural being. This being is so powerful and almighty that no one can fully understand how or why He does such amazing and sometimes shattering things. The God I put my faith in shows me in many ways that He is the creator and Lord of everything. He controls all of mankind, the creatures that walk or crawl the earth, and the events that take place. He allows things to go right and to go wrong. He has an ultimate plan for every person just as long as you let Him fulfill your life....   [tags: Papers] 791 words
(2.3 pages)
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A Career in Electrical Engineering - A Career in Electrical Engineering Choosing the right career can mean the difference between being satisfied and being disappointed with my life. Many factors can influence the career that I may have for the rest of my life. A decision that I am going to make at the young age of nineteen will have a major impact on the next ten years if not the rest of my life. In order to make the best decision possible for my future I have decided, if not forced, to research a career of interest to me. The two major career choices I have been interested in for the past few years have been engineering and teaching....   [tags: Papers] 2458 words
(7 pages)
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The History of the Crossbow - The History of the Crossbow The crossbow is a weapon of antiquity. There is plausible evidence that the Chinese developed the weapon as early as 1500 BC Surviving examples exist in China from as far back as the third century BC These Han dynasty relics display a great deal of sophistication. The lock (chi) is comprised of a cast bronze box which holds a rotating nut and a two-lever seer and trigger that locks the release in a set position. Roman soldiers captured and ransomed in Sogdiana in central Asia in the first decades of modern reckoning are credited with bringing the technology of the crossbow to the West....   [tags: Papers] 2022 words
(5.8 pages)
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The Discussion of Conceptual Frameworks - The Discussion of Conceptual Frameworks The existence of a CF is to serve as a guide for the standard setters to provide them with a set of objectives and constraints. Furthermore, CF provides a framework for setting standards, a basis for resolving accounting disputes and fundamental principles, which then do not have to be repeated in the Standards. The CF has been developed over the years, and it is continually being developed due to the changing environment, especially in a politically charged rulemaking environment to pursue the appropriate structure for a ‘real’ CF designed to provide a base for the standards....   [tags: Papers] 2938 words
(8.4 pages)
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The Interpretation of a Machine - The Interpretation of a Machine Machines can include simple materials from a whole puncher to a complex medium such as a computer. Both a whole puncher and a computer are somewhat a hybrid consisting of interconnected parts with separate functions all intertwined into some kind of a performance. Consequently, my interpretation of a machine is an apparatus consisting of interrelated parts with separate functions used in the performance of some kind of work. This interpretation is somewhat similar to that of Dictionary.com....   [tags: Papers] 930 words
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Kudler Fine Foods Case Study - Kudler Fine Foods is an upscale specialty food store and was founded June 18, 1998 by Kathy Kudler. Kudler has three different locations in the San Diego area and they are; La Jolla, Del Mar and Encinitas. The stores offer their consumers both imported and domestic products from any of the following departments; bakery, packaged foods, meats, produce, and dairy products. “Kudler’s mission is to provide their customers with the finest selected foodstuff, wines, and related needs in an unparalleled consumer environment” (Kudler, Mission Statement, 2008, ¶2)....   [tags: Marketing Research Paper]
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Definition Essay - Genre - Definition Essay – Genre "Genre," in the most generic definition, takes the meaning "kind; sort; style" (OED). Prior to the term's inception, the notion of genre in the study of media emerged in The Poetics, with Aristotle's discussion of the mode or manner of imitation in poetry. Of this Aristotle writes, "the medium being the same, and the objects [of imitation] the same, the poet may imitate by narration - in which case he can either take another personality as Homer does, or speak in his own person, unchanged - or he may present all his characters as living and moving before us" (Aristotle, 53)....   [tags: Definition Essay]
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The Recipe for Nature - The Recipe for Nature Missing Works Cited Nature is a fluid coalescence of complex magnificence resulting from an algorithmic mastery of simplicity. It is no doubt an awe-inspiring entity that invokes both great curiosity and bafflement in those who attempt to account for its existence and splendor. It is often seen as overly reductionistic, if not ¡§dangerous¡¨, to try to condense the (mindless?) brilliance of nature through any sort of mechanistic or logical means. And here we are faced with what Daniel Dennett calls Darwin¡¦s dangerous idea: ¡§that all the fruits of evolution can be explained as the products of an algorithmic process¡¨ (Dennett, 1995 p.60)....   [tags: Daniel Dennett Algorithm Essays] 1303 words
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Sentential Falsehood Logic FL4 - Sentential Falsehood Logic FL4 ABSTRACT: In some philosophical conceptions, statements are valued as true, false, senseless (neither true nor false), or inconsistent. Falsehood logic FL4 makes it possible to operate correctly by such statements. Logic with falsehood operator FL4 is formulated. For FL4 metatheorems of consistency, deduction and completeness are fulfilled. Correlation between falsehood logic FL4 and four-valued Belnap’s logic and von Wright’s truth logic T"LM is considered. In FL4, the implication for Belnap’s logic is defined so that the truth-valued matrix of it is characterized for logic of tautological consequences Efde....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Logical Papers] 1685 words
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Defending Longino's Social Epistemology - Defending Longino's Social Epistemology (1) ABSTRACT: Though many agree that we need to account for the role that social factors play in inquiry, developing a viable social epistemology has proved to be a difficult task. According to Longino, it is the processes that make inquiry possible that are aptly described as social, for they require a number of people to sustain them. These processes not only facilitate inquiry, but also ensure that the results of inquiry are more than mere subjective opinions, and thus deserve to be called knowledge....   [tags: Science Scientific Philosophical Papers]
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Kripkenstein: Rule and Indeterminacy - Kripkenstein: Rule and Indeterminacy ABSTRACT: Indeterminacy theories, such as Wittgenstein's and Kripke's indeterminacy principle on rules and language and Quine's indeterminacy of radical translation, raise some fundamental questions on our knowledge and understanding. In this paper we try to outline and interpret Wittgenstein's and Kripke's indeterminacy, and then compare it to some other related theories on indeterminacy of human thinking, such as raised by Hume, Quine, and Goodman. Quine's indeterminacy differs from Wittgenstein's in several aspects....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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Patrick Henry's Famous Speech - Patrick Henry's Famous Speech 'Give me liberty or give me death.' These famous words were uttered by Patrick Henry on March 23, 1775, as a conclusion to his speech delivered to the Virginia House of Burgesses. Within his speech, he uses the three rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, and pathos) to convey a feeling of urgency toward the changes occurring in policy within the Americas implemented by the British government. He cleverly uses these appeals to disrupt the paradigm that Great Britain is going to let the American people have any liberty....   [tags: History Patrick Henry Essays] 882 words
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Thank You for Smoking - Thank You for Smoking “Take another drag. That’s good for you.” One might not hear that everyday, but Peter Brimelow’s “Thank You for Smoking…?” is a very well written deductive argument that may have you believing that statement by the time you’re done reading his article. Brimelow’s argument is clearly inductive because he presents his samples right away which lead to generalizations that are drawn from those examples (McFadden). Brimelow comes right out early in the argument and informs the reader smoking can be beneficial to one’s health (141)....   [tags: Peter Brimelow Tobacco Health Essays]
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The Opportunities for Excellence - The Opportunities for Excellence Like many other students in the public school system, I had my share of “good” teachers and “bad” teachers, but I learned valuable things from each of them: from the “good” teachers, inspiration to enter education and how to be a good teacher, from the “bad” teachers, if nothing else, what not to be. As important as education is to children’s success in life, they should have as many positive influences as possible. I will strive to be the best teacher I can be, not only to be marked as one of the “good”, but one of the “great” teachers of education....   [tags: Philosophy of Teaching Education Essays] 1003 words
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Karl Popper and Falsifiability - Karl Popper and Falsifiability Karl Popper's claim that "the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability" is a clearly viable statement. This is a natural extension of his idea about how scientific knowledge is increased (Edwards, 1967). In an attempt to define science from pseudo-science, Popper states that the growth of scientific knowledge begins with an "imaginative proposal of hypotheses" (Edwards, 1967). Then, the scientist must search for illustrations or situations that falsify or negate the hypothesis....   [tags: Science Scientific Karl Popper Essays]
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Causes of School Violence - To explore how to maintain safe school environments, we must first define the causes of school violence. When Eric David Harris and Dylan Bennett Klebold opened fire inside Columbine High School on April 20, 1999, injuring 24, and killing 13 (including themselves), they were simply displaying the unfortunate 'symptom' of their 'disease'- a deeply-rooted lack of emotional literacy. As Sandra Bloom notes, 'A few incidents of violence are directly related to limited skills in reading, writing, and computation, but rather, limited emotional literacy' (Bloom, 2004, p.172)....   [tags: Mass School Shootings Essays]
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Child Development Through Education - Child Development Through Education One important aspect of any person’s life is their education. Children start with their education as early as the age of three. They are put into some form of schooling. The general pattern of schooling for all children is preschool, elementary school, middle school, highschool, and some may choose to go on to college. Each level of schooling is very important for its own particular reasons. The entire education process plays a vital role in each individual’s life....   [tags: School Teaching Educational Essays] 1776 words
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Ausubel’s Expository Teaching Model - Ausubel’s Expository Teaching Model Highly abstract concepts, such as jurisprudence and sovereignty, oftentimes cause high school students much struggle when trying to thoroughly understand such conceptual ideas. To teach these theoretical concepts, one must not only equivalently utilize David Ausubel’s Expository teaching model, but also retain an overall knowledge of other valuable strategies related to Ausubels’s model (Woolfolk, 2004, p. 281). To Ausubel, the most significant idea is that of the advance organizer, a statement of introduction that aids students in organizing the information about to be presented....   [tags: Ausubel Expository Teaching Education Essays]
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Pragmatist approach to truth - To understand what the pragmatist’s approach to truth you would be, you must first understand what a pragmatist believes. Pragmatism is derived from the word pragmatic, meaning “dealing or concerned with facts or actual occurrences; practical.” Therefore a pragmatist is said to believe that the truth of a proposition is measured by its association with experimental results and by its practical outcome. Thought is considered as simply an instrument for supporting the life intentions of the human being and has no real metaphysical (abstract) significance....   [tags: essays research papers] 748 words
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Think and Grow Rich - This book report will be a little unorthodox for me – not because of the book, but because I am not taking the time to write as I usually would if I have more time and resources at my disposal. I am hopeful that it will not be too low below my normal standards. The exercise of thinking and growing rich is not a process f making enough money to pay your bills or buy a nice car. It’s a process of becoming wildly rich where money flows in abundance. The story of Edwin Barnes’ quest to go into business with Thomas Edison was discussed in detail and the less from it was to know what you want....   [tags: essays research papers] 920 words
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WORKPLACE CO-OPERATIVE PROJECT REPORT - WORKPLACE CO-OPERATIVE PROJECT REPORT As part of the Workplace Co-operative Project (WPCP) I was expected to participate in sixty hours worth of classroom experience and this report provides a summary of this time. Throughout the duration of the WPCP I kept a journal of my feelings and thoughts, which I make reference to in highlighting what I feel to be the key aspects of my placement in the commentary. Firstly I provide a concise report of my participation in the Workplace Co-operative Project, stating the aims, approaches, methods and outcomes of my placement....   [tags: Education]
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Conceptions of the Soul - Plato (in Phaedo) and Aristotle (in De Anima) present two fundamentally different conceptions of the soul. Through an analysis of their frameworks and genre, and whether their methods are plausible, it can be concluded that Aristotle's formulation of the soul is more compelling than that of Plato. According to Plato, the body and the soul are separate entities. The soul is capable of existing before life of the body and after death of the body and it is constant, unchanging and non-physical (invisible)....   [tags: Comparative Literature] 1176 words
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The Importance of Philosophy - The Importance of Philosophy “All things in life are philosophical.” This is a well-known quote by the renowned Greek scientist/philosopher Aristotle. When one is to imagine life without thought, free will or knowledge, they are left to only imagine the oblivion they would be left to reside in. To me, philosophy is more than ethics, esthetics, and epistemology... it is the ability to stand ones ground with certain viewpoints, attitudes and beliefs. Philosophy seemed to be the center of the majority of peoples lives Before the Common Era, yet today it also upholds just as much, if not more, importance to the normal person than of the ‘scientist’ or renowned ‘theorist.’ Philosophy makes...   [tags: Papers] 579 words
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My Philosophy of Balance - My Philosophy of Balance Balance. Our world depends upon it physically, psychologically, and spiritually. This principle, although easy to overlook, is the foundation of my personal philosophy. Without balance there is no harmony, no conflict and no growth. Any productive result, any achievement, any strength is useless without it. The balance in my world is achieved by these fundamental beliefs: God exists, and yet evil exists; all humanity does have free will and all these beliefs contribute to the development of a meaning for life....   [tags: Papers] 2535 words
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Sociology as a Science - Sociology emerged in the eighteenth century after a period of intense cultural, social and economic changes. As people began to try to understand these changes, there came a period called the Enlightenment. This is also considered by Hamilton (1992) to be a “time characterised by the development of distinctively modern forms of thought about society and the realm of the social.” The Enlightenment encouraged a new way of thinking marked by application of reason, experience and experiment to the natural and social world....   [tags: Sociology Essays] 1143 words
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William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar - Rhetorical strategies are perhaps one of the oldest corrective rules introduced on the human race. Rhetoric is the study of impressive writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion. In William Shakespeare's very famous play "The Tragedy of Julius Caesar," Marcus Brutus and Mark Antony give a speech at Julius Caesar's funeral. Both speakers introduce themselves to the crowd in their own unique way with the usage of the three different rhetorical strategies; logos, ethos, and pathos, therefore arousing in the Roman crowd greatly distinct emotions and reactions....   [tags: Caesar Shakespeare] 1425 words
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Social Research - 5. In the sciences, there are two major approaches to research: quantitative and qualitative. At the very simplest level, qualitative approaches deal with the subjective qualities of an entity while quantitative approaches investigate their focus through objective quantities. They both offer tools to collect and analyse very specific types of data. These methods serve very different, yet vital, means. These two groups of methods differ in many ways but the greatest amount of difference can be explained by the specific paradigms that the methods subscribe to....   [tags: Research] 2419 words
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House, M.D. - Since the turn of the twenty-first century, many societal changes have taken place. Old fashion tendencies have become irrelevant and societal boundaries are nonexistent. Cultural advancements such as women’s rights, gay marriage, abortion, and other controversial issues are now accepted among most members of society. As old-fashion boundaries are falling from beneath our feet in today’s progressing society, man struggles with determining his identity as an individual and as a group. The television series, “House, M.D.,” serves as a dilemma in which the detective, Gregory House, struggles with determining his conclusions about society and the nature of man....   [tags: Television Review]
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Research Methods - Defining and Analyzing Mixed Method Johnson and Christensen (2007) describe mixed research as the third and newest research methodology paradigm. Philosophically, mixed research takes an eclectic, pragmatic, and commonsense approach, suggesting that the researcher mix quantitative and qualitative in a way that works best for the given research question that is studied in a particular context. Mixed research uses both deductive and inductive methods, obtains both quantitative and qualitative data, attempts to corroborate and complement findings and takes a balanced approach to research....   [tags: Mixed Research, Qualitative Method] 2274 words
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Artificial Intelligence - This paper summarizes various definitions of Artificial Intelligence and provides a brief account of progress in the field. The origin and purpose of artificial intelligence is discussed. This paper also discusses a few of the many subcategories of research, applications and current technological obstacles that scientist face when developing AI. In particular, this paper overviews various specific military applications of AI. Finally, the paper provides discussion on the impact that the future of artificial intelligence may have on humans....   [tags: Technology, Automated Online Assistants] 1814 words
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Pragmatic Justification - Bertrand Russell, one of the most influential philosophers of the modern age, argued extensively in his book, “The Problems of Philosophy”, that the belief in inductive reasoning is only rational on the grounds of its intrinsic evidence; it cannot be justified by an appeal to experience alone (Russell 1998). Inductive reasoning refers to a form of reasoning that constructs or assesses propositions that are generalizations of observations (Russell 1998). Inductive reasoning is thus, in simple terms, probabilistic....   [tags: Philosophy, Bertrand Russell] 1319 words
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Greek Philosophers - During the 5th century BC, a new group of intellectual teachers emerged in Athens. These teachers, called Sophists, (meaning “those who are wise”) were considered ‘professional teachers,’ as they earned money by selling their knowledge. The Sophists used their intellect and skill at rhetoric in order to persuade others. Protagoras, a foremost Sophist, concluded that there could be no absolute truths or eternal standards of right and wrong. Perception of right and wrong could only create a truth for an individual....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle] 835 words
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Nursing Philosophy - Nursing is a science in which all the needs of a person are met through the proper use of the nursing process. With health care as a universal human right, it encompasses a process that involves a collaborative care of people of all ages and communities in all settings. Nursing is essential in promoting health, prevention of illness, care of the sick and disabled people in the society. Nursing advocates for the promotion of a safe environment, research, shaping health policies, education and patient health management systems....   [tags: Nursing Essays] 1286 words
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Redefining Science - Scientists and philosophers often times differ and debate on what the definition of science is. Therefore, science has come to hold different meanings for various philosophers including Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn. Karl Popper was a philosopher who made significant contributions to philosophy of science and has convinced a lot of scientists. He was decisive of the inductive techniques used by science and insisted that science is deductive. Popper was furthermore critical of the inexperienced empiricist analysis that we objectively scrutinize the world....   [tags: Karl Popper, Thomas Kuhn] 2031 words
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Political Science - There has been a serious debate within academia, as to the validity of Political Science being an actual science. Furthermore, there are opposing viewpoints between political science scholars as to the discipline being a social science or a synthesis of natural and social science. One such academic; Charles Merriam asserts that political science has the characteristics of both sciences, because it adapt the study of human behavior to provide an analysis of political institutions. Political scientists in theory espouse the notion that political science borrows elements from the hard sciences in terms of objectivity to scientific inquiry and how governmental institutions function....   [tags: Validity, Description, Categorization] 863 words
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