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Faithful and Fruitful Logic - Faithful and Fruitful Logic Appropriate for a conference relating philosophy and education, we seek ways more faithful than the truth-functional (TF) hook to understand and represent that ordinary-language conditional which we use in, e.g., modus ponens, and that conditional’s remote and counterfactual counterparts, and also the proper negations of all three. Such a logic might obviate the paradoxes caused by T-F representation, and be educationally fruitful. William and Martha Kneale and Gilbert Ryle assist us: "In the hypothetical case in which p, it is inferable, on the basis that p and at least in the given context, that q." "Inferable" is explained....   [tags: Logic Philosophy Papers] 3200 words
(9.1 pages)
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Research Framework - Research Framework 3 Research Methodology: 3.1 Research philosophy: The philosophy of research can be divided into two broad methods of reasoning; deductive and inductive researches. These two methods of reasoning are different in a way to conduct research. Inductive reasoning is more open-ended and used to understand of new or unknown phenomena. The theory usually follows data and the finding is difficult to replicate. In contrast, deductive reasoning is narrower in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses....   [tags: Business Management ] 1951 words
(5.6 pages)
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Research Philosophy - Research philosophy, refers to the development of knowledge adopted by the researchers in their research (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2009). In other words, it is the theory that used to direct the researcher for conducting the procedure of research design, research strategy, questionnaire design and sampling (Malhotra, 2009). It is very important to have a clear understanding of the research philosophy so that we could examine the assumptions about the way we view the world, which are contained in the research philosophy we choose, knowing that whether they are appropriate or not (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2009)....   [tags: Ontology, Epistemology] 745 words
(2.1 pages)
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Comparing Scientific Theories - Carl G. Hempel was of the most influential proponents of what is now regarded as the classic view of explanation in science. In his work, Philosophy of Natural Science, he created the deductive-nomological model which is the following account of scientific explanation, where an explanation is set out as a formalized argument. This is the principle format for works such as Aristotle’s Physica, Ptolemy’s Almagest, Newton’s Principia and Opticks, Franklin’s Electricity, Lavoisie’s Chemistry, and Lyell’s Geology....   [tags: Science] 1458 words
(4.2 pages)
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Communication and Collaboration - Communication and Collaboration Strategy Paper Many people have different ways of absorbing information. Whether it is work, school, or recreational activities, people learn in various ways at different paces. According to Howard Gardner, a professor from Harvard University, there are eight unique intelligences everyone possesses. (Gardner, 1993) After completing the Multiple Pathways to Learning assessment, three traits stood out as moderately to highly developed. The Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence champions the ability to process information through physical activity....   [tags: Business Management ]
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847 words
(2.4 pages)
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Stockbroker's Career Exploration - Being a future master of the universe has always been a dream of mine. The opportunity of becoming a stockbroker leads to an unparalleled lifestyle cherished by numerous individuals. It is a chance to develop and maintain interpersonal relationships with customers while at the same time make them money. I have always been fond of the stock market and fascinated by the skills it requires an individual to become a stockbroker. Furthermore, the job entails a unique ability to persuade, deliver, and sell a stock for investors to buy....   [tags: investments,trading firms,stocks,mutual funds]
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1867 words
(5.3 pages)
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What is Knowledge? - ... Deductive reasoning is “a rule-governed method which allows a specific conclusion to be drawn from a set of general statements.” I will use deductive reasoning, a type of formal reasoning, to prove that reason can affect the acceptance of knowledge today, and it being discarded tomorrow. Perception, “the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events,” also plays a role with respect to the quote being addressed. Which brings me to my knowledge issue: To what extent does reason affect one’s perception....   [tags: influence, tuskegee experiment]
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1089 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Posivist Approach - Research Question 2 Philosophy The positivist approach will be used for the second research question. Such an approach is viewed to be a scientific method that aims to gain information with the objective of discovering laws that may be generalised within similar conditions. Since the research is tackling the issue of foreign aid and sustainability, it has used the example of the effect of foreign aid in countries of Africa in order to contrast similarities in Palestine. Because the researcher is independent, and will adopt a traditional and scientific approach, it results in a concrete finding of similarity in the related situations, which would allow a more comprehensive conclusion and prov...   [tags: Scientific Method, Gaining Information, Research]
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1456 words
(4.2 pages)
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Thoughts of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle - Thoughts of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Three Athenian philosophers flourish in Greece from 470 B. C. until 320 B. C. These philosophers were famous for their "schools of thought." The first of these is Socrates who lived from 469 until 399 B. C. He did not leave any writings behind; therefore, we know about his ways of thinking from those of whom he taught. His famous method of instruction called the Socratic method is still used today. In this method, the teacher allows students to use their own deductive reasoning to see things for themselves through a series of questions and answers....   [tags: Ancient Greece Greek History] 347 words
(1 pages)
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The Problem of Homelessness of Young People in Australia - ... The inclusion of varying types of homelessness highlights the understanding of homelessness to be considered without a ‘home’, not just without a ‘roof’ (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011). According to the 2011 census, 105,237 people in Australia are homeless, with approximately 25% of them being young people aged 12 – 25 (Homelessness Australia 2012). However, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011) states that these figures are severely underestimated, as many homeless young people are not recorded as so in the census....   [tags: research, qualitative methods, shelter] 641 words
(1.8 pages)
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Relationship of Cultural Diversity and Employee Motivation in Europe - ... One of the most broadly used data collection method within the survey strategy is questionnaire (Saunders et al., 2012) Therefore, data which used to test a theoretical preposition in this paper is primarily collected through questionnaire. This study based on the method of questionnaire, because it is an efficient way to gather data from a large number of respondents. Another reason why the questionnaire was choosen is the context of the research topic. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of cultural diversity on employee motivation within European context....   [tags: research study methodology description] 520 words
(1.5 pages)
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Tow Main Steps in Analysing Qualitative Data - ... This will eventually lead to further data tests until data are substantially shaped up and reconfigured. It has to be noted that qualitative data has something to do with personal observations and recorded data in words and phrases. Efforts at analysing data refer directly to the research questions, the use of generated information, and the specific resources used in the process. After data are reduced, these data are now displayed and may be symbolised by a diagram or word format, or a diagram....   [tags: mass data, statistics] 522 words
(1.5 pages)
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Aristotle's Doctrine of the Mean - ... There are two kinds of virtues: the moral virtues, perfecting desire (who submits to reason) for the action, and intellectual virtues, perfecting the intellect alone, for contemplation. Let's begin with moral virtue; is it possible to teach virtue. Is it enough to know the good to do it. Obviously not. Aristotle argues that knowing the good is not yet doing it, because the reason is confronted by the desire, who rebels and resists. We must therefore form the desire from the good, exercise it, and shape it....   [tags: virtue, moral law, consequence]
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518 words
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The Scientific Method -      The scientific method is a process that outlines a number of principles for answering questions. Many people in day-to-day situations use the scientific method. For example, if I were to try to start my car and it doesn’t work, my first reaction would be to think of reason my car is not starting. This is just a brief example of scientific method. The principles in Scientific method should be used in an orderly manner to answer your questions. Scientific method lets people research true things as well as false....   [tags: Observation Hypothesis Experiment Conclusion]
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689 words
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Early American Literature - Early American Literature (1620-1820) In the first half of the 17th century the New World found two groups of people colonizing. The first group, the Puritans, had left England after years of exile due to their lack of faith in the Church of England. With the reading and understanding of the Bible almost completely laid in the hands of the preacher, the congregation was forced to believe all the words that the preacher said. This all came to an end with John Calvin. His ideas were that God likes certain people better than others and those "chosen" ones would get more land and more money....   [tags: essays papers] 1040 words
(3 pages)
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Plato Vs Shelley - Many works of literature provide responses to much debated topics. Opinions are brought forth by means of rhetorical devices and supported by some type of accepted truth. In two such pieces, The Republic by Plato and “A Defense of Poetry” by Shelley, Plato expresses a belief about poetry that Shelley disagrees with and responds to. Through rhetorical devices such as metaphors and symbolism and the use of deductive logic and Socratic writing, Plato provides a strong, very supported argument while Shelley’s long sentence structure, analogies and metaphors are weak in comparison....   [tags: essays research papers] 556 words
(1.6 pages)
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Scientrific Explanations from Psychologist - In Hempel’s essay (1962) he defined the different types of scientific explanations. First he explains the rules of deductive-nomological explanation which are based on particular facts or general laws. This type of explanation explains the occurrence of an ‘explanandum event’ by showing that the event resulted from the particular circumstances in accordance with the laws. Probabilistic explanation also accounts for a given phenomenon by reference to general laws or theoretical principles, but these are of probabilistic-statistical form....   [tags: explanations, psychologist, model] 615 words
(1.8 pages)
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Moving to Another Country - ... The amount of people entering and leaving the country is low because of all of the restrictions the people have of that country. By coming to Israel and getting a stamp on your passport a person can be denied entry to Saudi Arabia and many other countries in the area. For the people who do live in Israel it may be hard for them to leave the country because there may always be the factor that they can’t get back into the country by going somewhere they “aren’t” supposed to be. With this all being said, the main reason for this happening is from the long ties of war that has been happening and still happens to this day....   [tags: immigration, war, middle east] 525 words
(1.5 pages)
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Debate Regarding Corporate Governance - ... 2014). It is important to note that the theory’s methodology is deductive, its assumptions relies on results of test on certain propositions relative to large sets of data. Agency theorist, focus primarily on the effectiveness of mechanisms set to drive the interests of professional executives to serve the interest of shareholder, ignoring aspects such as relationships and conduct that are critical in establishing an effective board. Nevertheless, the assumptions of the agency theory have greatly influenced the reforms implemented on corporate management systems by emphasizing the need to monitor to conduct of executives so as to avert abuse of shareholder’s interest....   [tags: modern corporations, private property] 531 words
(1.5 pages)
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Outlining the Ontological Arguments and Their Success as Proofs of God's Existence - Outlining the Ontological Arguments and Their Success as Proofs of God's Existence The ontological argument is a perfect example of a priori argument. For example, it uses logic to prove an initial definition to be correct. The term refers to a whole series of arguments within a thought. The arguments aim is to prove God’s existence from the meaning of the word God. St Anselm was the man who suggested that deductive reasoning could be used to prove God’s existence - a priory argument....   [tags: Papers] 1071 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Bayesian Theory of Confirmation, Idealizations and Approximations in Science - The Bayesian Theory of Confirmation, Idealizations and Approximations in Science ABSTRACT: My focus in this paper is on how the basic Bayesian model can be amended to reflect the role of idealizations and approximations in the confirmation or disconfirmation of any hypothesis. I suggest the following as a plausible way of incorporating idealizations and approximations into the Bayesian condition for incremental confirmation: Theory T is confirmed by observation P relative to background knowledge where I is the conjunction of idealizations and approximations used in deriving the prediction PT from T, PD expresses the discrepancy between the prediction PT and the actual observation P, and...   [tags: Scientific Papers]
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3797 words
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FAITH AND REASON DURING THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURY - FAITH AND REASON DURING THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURY During the seventeenth and eighteenth century many ideas were placed forth that ended up changing peopleís faith and reason. These new ideas challenged humanís conception of the universe and of oneís place in it. They challenged the view of a person, and they also challenged the belief of the economy. There were many scientists and philosophers during this time period, Francis Bacon, René Descartes, John Locke, Nicolaus Copernicus, Isaac Newton, and Adam Smith to name a few....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1144 words
(3.3 pages)
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Edgar Allen Poe, Father of Modern Detective Fiction - E.A. Poe became the father of modern day detective stories by introducing Dupin in "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" as the first detective to use analytical and imaginative reasoning to solve the mystery and will create a guideline for all detective stories to come. The word "detective" was not in existence until Poe's writings. Mysteries had existed but never such a story that used a "detector" or placed such emphasis upon analysis versus trial and error. The vivid painting of the scene of the crime as well as the crime itself was likewise never done in writings until Poe....   [tags: American Literature] 928 words
(2.7 pages)
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René Descartes and Thomas Hobbes : A Dialogue - René Descartes and Thomas Hobbes: A Dialogue As one embarks on the incredible journey through Descartes’ meditations, a plethora of doubts, criticisms and seemingly fundamental problems arise and block one’s progress. No doubt, many of these can be attributed to the fact that we of the twenty-first century come more than three and a half centuries after the brilliant mind of Descartes (or shall we say, ‘that was Descartes’) spawned the immense framework of philosophy that is contained within The Meditations....   [tags: Politics Philosophy Sociology]
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1588 words
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Truth and Order in Ionesco's Bald Soprano - Truth and Order in Ionesco's Bald Soprano       Any sense of order, of sense itself, is shattered and constantly questioned by Eugene Ionesco in his play "The Bald Soprano". A serious challenge is made against an absolute notion of truth. Characters throughout the play, however, continue to struggle to maintain and share a unified and orderly existence. Empiricism is espoused by several characters. They submit that life experience is all that is necessary to establish unshakable order and thus, truth....   [tags: Bald Soprano Essays]
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799 words
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A Critique of Thank You for Smoking? - A Critique of “Thank You for Smoking…?” Intro: The essay “Thank You for Smoking,” written by Peter Brimelow, is far from an influential essay on why people should smoke. Through this essay, Brimelow makes an effort to convince the audience smoking is actually beneficial to your health. I find it hard for people to write about what they think are the benefits of smoking when there are so many obvious reasons why you should not smoke. The main audience being targeted in this article is those who already smoke and those who are thinking about smoking....   [tags: Critical Essays]
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833 words
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Comparing Two Articles on Teen Binge Drinking - Comparing Two Articles on Teen Binge Drinking The article How to Manage Teen Drinking (the smart way), written by Jeffery Kluger and the article Getting Stupid, written by Bernie Wuethrich are both articles about teenage binge drinking. The two articles are very similar and different at the same time, while together rhetorically appealing to the logos. Combined they give a good background on teenage binge drinking. Both articles have many similarities; both agree that binge drinking is a problem among adolescents across the country....   [tags: Teenage Compare Contrast Comparison]
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776 words
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Human Nature And The Declaration Of Independence - Human Nature and the Declaration of Independence I would like to show that the view of human nature that is shown in The Declaration of Independence is taken more from the Bible and that that view is in disagreement with two of the three esays given in class. The Biblical perspective of man is that he was created by a divine Creator with a specific plan in mind and made in the image of his Creator. Men are entitled to the pursuit of happiness but also required by the Laws of Nature and Nature's God to be the just attendants of the land and of the governed....   [tags: essays research papers] 1615 words
(4.6 pages)
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Teleological Argument for the Existence of God - This paper will examine the argument put forward by William Paley in 1802, in his Natural Theology. Paley offers an argument from design that purports to show a clear and distinct reason why one should hold a belief in God, due to the inherent features of the world. It is attempted in this paper to firstly: show that the argument should be rejected on the grounds of lacking a rationally flowing set of premises and conclusions; and secondly: that the criticisms made by David Hume concerning the argument hold more weight than is generally granted by other philosophers, and should have convinced one even before the advent of Darwinian theory....   [tags: Natural Theology, William Paley] 2089 words
(6 pages)
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Impact of the Media on Society - Impact of the Media on Society           Media technologies are becoming an important aspect of today’s society. Each and every day, people interact with media of many different forms. Media is commonly defined as being a channel of communication. Radio, newspapers, and television are all examples of media. It is impossible to assume that media is made up of completely unbiased information and that the media companies do not impose their own control upon the information being supplied to media users....   [tags: Television Media TV Essays]
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1589 words
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Father Franz Boas--Father of American Anthropology - Father Franz Boas--Father of American Anthropology Franz Boas is often referred to as the father of American anthropology because of the great influence he had in the lives and the careers of the next great generation of anthropologists in America. He came at a time when anthropology was not considered a true science or even a meaningful discipline and brought an air of respectability to the profession, giving those who followed a passion and an example of how to approach anthropology. Boas directed the field studies and trained such prominent anthropologists as Alfred Louis Kroeber, Robert Lowie, Margaret Mead, as well as others....   [tags: essays papers] 1361 words
(3.9 pages)
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Holmes Is Made Possible By Watson. - Holmes Is Made Possible By Watson. Sherlock Holmes is one of the most popular characters in literature. I read the three stories; ‘The Speckled Band,’ ‘The Engineer’s Thumb’ and ‘The Beryl Coronet.’ I have looked at; how the stories were structured, Dr Watson as the narrator, language used in the stories and the difference between Dr Watson and Sherlock Holmes as characters in the stories. Most crime fiction stories are structured in the same way. Sherlock Holmes stories usually employ this structure; the crime is committed, an investigation is launched, a solution is thought up and an explanation is given....   [tags: Free Essay Writer] 755 words
(2.2 pages)
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Comparing Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky - Methods and approaches to teaching have been greatly influenced by the research of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Both have contributed to the field of education by offering explanations for children's cognitive learning styles and abilities. While Piaget and Vygotsky may differ on how they view cognitive development in children, both offer educators good suggestions on how to teach certain material in a developmentally appropriate manner. Piaget proposed that cognitive development from infant to young adult occurs in four universal and consecutive stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations (Woolfolk, A., 2004)....   [tags: Educational Psychology, cognitive development]
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2195 words
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Appearance versus Reality in Bertrand Russell's The Problems of Philosophy - Appearance versus Reality in Bertrand Russell's The Problems of Philosophy Bertrand Russell's method of approaching his subject in Problems of Philosophy embraces the Cartesian technique of radical doubt, in which the author revokes any former assumptions about certain reality and existence. In the first chapters, Russell's enquiry into the nature of reality in comparison to appearance begins with the observation of his immediate surroundings. By examining a table, for example, he determines that the table's colour, texture, and shape are sufficient to prompt doubt as to whether or not the table exists....   [tags: Philosophy Religion Essays]
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493 words
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J.L. Mackie's Evil and Omnipotence - J.L. Mackie's "Evil and Omnipotence" The philosopher J.L. Mackie wrote a very convincing piece on the problem of evil called “Evil and Omnipotence,” in which he attempts to show that one of the following premises must be false in order for them to be consistent with each other. #1. God is omnipotent. #2. God is morally perfect. #3. Evil exists. The problem of evil is a deductive a priori argument who’s goal is to prove the non-existence of God. In addition to Mackie’s three main premises he also introduces some “quasi-logical” rules that give further evidence to his argument....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Evil Mackie Essays] 1664 words
(4.8 pages)
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Nature of Logic and Perception - According to the American Heritage dictionary, the definition of Logic is “the study of the principles of reasoning, especially of the structure of propositions as distinguished from their content and of method and validity in deductive reasoning”. It also says that logic is “valid reasoning.” I believe that logic and critical thinking are closely related in that logic is used in the process of thinking critically. Perception, as stated in the American Heritage dictionary, is “the process, act, or faculty of perceiving”....   [tags: essays research papers] 391 words
(1.1 pages)
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Life Of A Computer Programmer - Imagine having a computer without running software. Computers would be slightly pointless without programs to run it. There would be no directions in the computer to tell it how to run, where to run, and what to do. A computer would have the ability to turn on, but a blank screen would be the only thing to appear on a monitor. I am sure that the question of "Who creates these programs?" has run through many minds in the past. These programs aid you in typing papers, connect you to the Internet, send information to other computers, or provide an interface for games that help to occupy your time....   [tags: Careers Jobs] 407 words
(1.2 pages)
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Plato the Philosopher - Plato was a philosopher who was born in Athens (470-390 BCE), and was also a student of Socrates. He felt that intelligence and one’s perception belonged to completely independent realms or realities. He believed that general concepts of knowledge were predestined, or placed in the soul before birth even occurred in living things. Plato believed that the cosmos was intelligible, and the the universe was mathematically understandable. He believes that mathematical objects could be seen as perfect forms....   [tags: biography, philosophy] 675 words
(1.9 pages)
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Euclid of Alexandira - ... During Euclid’s life, King Ptolemy started a research institute called the Museum. Euclid was one of the first scholars to be associated with the Museum and he taught mathematics there (O’Connor). Euclid was completely devoted to mathematics and his teachings. Euclid’s most important contribution to humanity is his Elements, which is probably “the most influential textbook in history” (Bruno 126). It’s the second most reproduced book in the western world, next to the bible, and the basis of elementary geometry....   [tags: father of geometry, mathematicians] 532 words
(1.5 pages)
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On Religion: Rhetorical Devices - on Religion: Rhetorical Devices In Twilight of the Idols Nietzsche discusses his views on Christianity, other philosophers, and authors of his time. Nietzsche’s main focus, however, is on Christianity and how its actions and views are means to an end. He uses eloquent diction that sometimes loses the reader (he makes up for his articulate word usage with elementary sentences which describe his views very efficiently) along with syntax which is very informal - for the time - to describe his views on subjects quite exquisitely....   [tags: English Literature Essays] 930 words
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The Seven Learning Styles - The Seven Learning Styles One of the seven learning styles that this paper will discuss is the bodily kinesthetic intelligence. This is defined by David Kolb as, “the physical movement and knowledge or wisdom of the body” (Kolb 1984). Some of the characteristics that this intelligence includes is being able to perform physical exercises and have control over voluntary movements.. Children who rely on this intelligence to learn have a good sense of the connection between the mind and the body, such as balance, and most achieve high quality body functioning, or athleticism....   [tags: essays papers]
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2026 words
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the trounle with sweatshops - The controversial issue of sweatshops is one often over looked by The United States. In the Social Issues Encyclopedia, entry # 167, Matt Zwolinski tackles the issues of sweatshops. In this article Matt raises a question I have not been able to get out of my head since I have begun researching this topic, “ are companies who contract with sweatshops doing anything wrong?” this article goes on to argue that the people who work in the sweatshops willingly choose to work there, despite the poor environment....   [tags: essays research papers] 795 words
(2.3 pages)
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The Origin of Ideas - The Origin of Ideas Webster's dictionary defines the word idea as 1) something, such as a thought or conception, that potentially or actually exists in the mind as a product of mental activity, 2) an opinion, a conviction, or a principle, 3) a plan, scheme, or method 4) the gist of a specific situation, and 5) a notion. We have a better understanding of these definitions today because of the thoughts and writings of Descartes and John Locke. These two have very different views on the origin of ideas....   [tags: Papers] 810 words
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Rationality and Inconsistent Beliefs - Many believe that there is something inherently irrational about accepting each element of an inconsistent set of propositions. However, arguments for this doctrine seem lacking other than those that appeal to the principle that the set of propositions that one rationally accepts is (or should be) closed under logical consequences, or those that note that error is made inevitable when one accepts an inconsistent set. After explaining why the preceding sorts of arguments do not succeed, I consider a novel attempt by Keith Lehrer to undermine the chief argument in favor of the claim that it can sometimes be rational to accept inconsistent sets....   [tags: Ration Logic]
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Overview of CYC Project - Overview of CYC Abstract The CYC project is the first serious attempt to build a base of human consensus knowledge -- to encode common sense. The CYC system is intended to provide a "deep" layer of understanding that can eventually be used by other programs to make them more flexible and less "brittle". This paper discusses of the motivations behind the encoding of common sense, provides an overview of the CYC system and touches on some of its applications. Introduction Often it is enough is to solve problems in a very specific domain....   [tags: Human Consensus Knowledge] 2137 words
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Career Plan - Ideal Career Overview My ideal career would allow me to do something that interests me. I enjoy working with words and with numbers. I've also had success in the areas of technology and customer service. I'm looking for a stable workplace environment. I would prefer to work for an established company – one with developed rules and procedures. I like having coworkers, someone with whom to brainstorm and to discuss successes and failures. In a team, I want someone else to be the bold innovator, the explorer, the creative force....   [tags: personal narrative] 620 words
(1.8 pages)
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Analysis of Billing's Article, Are Women in Management Victims of the Phantom of the Male Norm? - Introduction This research paper will discuss a paper published in volume 18 of Gender, Work and Organization (ISSN 0968-6673), in the Human Resource Management and Employment Studies field, titled “Are Women in Management Victims of the Phantom of the Male Norm?” (Billing 2011). Yvonne Due Billing is an Associate Professor working at the Department of Sociology in the University of Copenhagen. She has more than 60 published research contributions to book/anthology/report, working papers and contribution to conferences (University of Copenhagen 2011)....   [tags: Business Management]
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3590 words
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Close but not Deep: The Use of Richness in Love’s Literary Ethics and the Descriptive Turn - Heather Love starts her essay, “That there is perhaps no term that carries more value in the humanities than ‘rich’. In literary studies, especially, richness is an undisputed - if largely uninterrogated good…” (371). She uses the word rich and richness multiple times since it is connected with interpreting and deep reading, but the critic loses richness, when he practices surface reading. Love asserts at the beginning of her essay, “richness signifies qualities associated with the complexity polyvalence of texts and with the warmth and depth of experience” (371)....   [tags: traditional hermeneutics, ]
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1332 words
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Critical Review of Helping Students Meet the Challenges of Academic Writing by Fernsten and Reda - ‘Helping students meet the challenges of academic writing’ by Fernsten and Reda is an interesting study how reflective writing practices can be useful for marginalized students, who are struggling with “negative writer self-identity. The possible causes according to Fernsten & Reda are, “issues such as race, class and gender that are marginalized factors for many basic writers”, in addition to the expectations of the dominant academic culture. However, even though Fernsten & Reda illuminated the ‘potential conflicts’ within the academic world, they have failed to provide conclusive evidence that supports their argument regarding their solution....   [tags: Literature Review]
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1390 words
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Cultural Determinants Are Key to the Process of Determining Health Problems and Disease Causes - During the introductory part of the story Kidder, the author, meets Dr. Paul Farmer and we learn from the beginning much of Dr. Farmer’s character. Throughout the book we find Farmer as the heart, both strong and devoted to the long defeat. His caring heart and sacrificial lifestyle has led him to Haiti, Peru, and Russia to eradicate poverty by providing discovery medicine to fight infectious disease. His main focus was towards Haiti; as we learn he spent 8 of 12 months there every year and even sneaked in by bribery in one instance (Kidder, 2004)....   [tags: epidemiology, health research]
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1071 words
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Gothic Fiction: The Representation of Evil in Horace Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto - Gothic Fiction: The Representation of Evil in Horace Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto. The Castle of Otranto is a 1764 novel written by Horace Walpole. It is regarded as the first Gothic novel, initiating a new literary genre which became extremely popular in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Gothic literature’s desire to explore the unknown, the unexplainable, inexplicable and the terrifying can be seen as a reaction to the Enlightenment’s emphasis on the rational and knowable. The Enlightenment rejected the belief in superstition, and religion....   [tags: literary genre, literary analysis] 2238 words
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Finding the Nation: The Issues with Modern Immigration Policies in the United States - In the dawn of the 21st century the typical impression an American can hold when the word ‘immigration’ is brought up may include a lot of controversey. Immigration in the late 18th century was essentially a norm for the newfound American society. With Congress introducing bills like Arizona’s SB 1070 it is quite apparent that immigration is now one of America’s biggest discussions in U.S. Politics. Two interpretationa of the topic at hand can be illustrated by examining Jacob Hornberger’s essay “Keep the Borders Open” and Peter Brimlow’s essay “A Nation of Immigrants”....   [tags: Reform, Government, Immigration] 1466 words
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Teaching and Learning 'Rate of Change' (Slope) in Senior Secondary Schools in Australia - ... The interesting aspect of this research project was that one teacher did not use the tried and true rise over run teaching strategy and instead thought of slope (rate of change) as a repeated additive structure. In demonstrating this, she used Cuisenaire Rods to show the change and this resulted in a richer experience for the students. Of interest is the fact that this study was for elementary school teachers in the USA. In the Australian Curriculum context, this would definitely be an interesting and valid universal design for learning (UDL, n.d.) tool to use for certain diverse learners....   [tags: differentiated learning environments]
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Return to Curiosity: Privileging Wonder over Rationalism in Museum Displays and Learning - ... (Robinson, 2008) Although it is unclear whether the decline in divergent thinking over the course of childhood is directly caused by present education systems, it is clear that most learning energy is directed towards linear and rational forms of thinking. In Resonance and Wonder, Stephen Greenblatt describes the museum as a repository for traces of culture and talks about the resonance of objects. He writes: By resonance I mean the power of the object displayed to reach out beyond its formal boundaries to a larger world, to evoke in the viewer the complex, dynamic cultural forces from which it has emerged and for which as metaphor or more simply synecdoche it may be taken by a viewer t...   [tags: museum organization, contextualization]
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Teenage Years: A Critical Period of Physical, Cognitive and Biological Development - Teenage is the evolutionary as well as the revolutionary period of one’s life. It is the time when one goes through the worst so as to reach out to the best. It is the most precious and memorable part of one’s life, and also one of the most difficult. According to a recent survey at Yahoo-a social networking website- teenage years are the best years of a person’s life. Esther Williams, a famous personality of his time once said, “Everything about my teenage life was almost ideal”. During the teenage period, one is leaving childhood and entering into adulthood....   [tags: teens, child development] 908 words
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The Declaration of Independence and it's Relevancy to the NSA controversy - ​The Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson provides some very valid arguments. These claims are useful for many reasons. They also offer valuable insight into the current National Security Agency (NSA) domestic spying program controversy. Jefferson is a very persuasive writer for many reasons. He employs many rhetorical strategies throughout his argument. This text is considered a classic, one that was important in the time it was written, and equally important now. The Declaration of Independence is an ongoing and viable model to put to use for the current NSA domestic spying program controversy....   [tags: rights, freedom, surveillance]
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Overview: The Adventure Of The Speckled Band by Arthur Conan Doyle - Arthur Conan Doyle’s “The Adventure Of The Speckled Band” is a traditional Sherlock Holmes adventure but with a twist. Sherlock Holmes known by “his skills in deductive reasoning”(Moore 1) help him resolve the mystery behind the dead of Helen Stoner’s twin sister Julia. The story begins with the introduction of the female heroine, Helen Stoner, whom after frightening events regarding her sister’s death, and unusual sounds, she seeks for the help of Sherlock Holmes. However, Helen was not cautious enough that her stepfather, Dr....   [tags: sherlock homes, roylott, helen]
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Social Polarisation in Global Cities: Theory and Evidence by Chris Hamnet - Introduction. Throughout Gerring’s (2006) description of case selection techniques, the emphasis is set in the methodological structures of each procedure. Each of these techniques relies on certain parameters in which cases look for different means to representativeness. A case study should always be representative of a larger population and this stands a decisive benchmark for its validity as a stand-alone case, either for testing or generating a hypothesis (Gerring, 2006). The crucial case study however is presented with a more careful insight, since its methodological approach distances from the other techniques....   [tags: polarisation, ]
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Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner - Words hold such power and meaning that tend to evolve throughout the years. As I set out to read on the “Theory of Multiple Intelligences” by Howard Gardner I seem to question the meaning of Intelligence. Although I have never pondered a single word more feverishly as I have in the last couple weeks it has been quite an endeavor. According to Merriam-Webster (2014), “Intelligence: the ability to learn or understand things or to deal with new or difficult situations.” Howard Gardner first publishes his own view of intelligence in his book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1983)....   [tags: learning styles, education, tests]
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Reaction to Gyekye'ss Concept of Political Corruption as a Moral Pollution - Re: Reaction to Gyekye’s concept of political corruption as “a moral pollution” Despite its current popularity among political scientists, Gyekye rejects the theory that institutional reform is a useful anti-corruption strategy. This leads him to conclude that political corruption is fundamentally a moral problem, to which the “most adequate therapeutic response” is a “serious and profound commitment to our moral beliefs and principals” through what he calls a “moral revolution.” This memo disagrees with Gyekye on both of these points, first criticizing Gyekye for failing to provide a clearly defined alternative framework for his “moral revolution” recommendation, and then arguing that inst...   [tags: weak leadership, bad economy]
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The Importance of Integrated Production System in the Manufacturing Industry. - CHAPTER 3 Research Methodology 3.1 Introduction The chapter 2 literature review emphasized several approaches and key academic theories for the examination of role of integrated production system in the manufacturing industry to enhance the productivity. At this stage, it is crucial to expand knowledge and understanding of the philosophy and methodology of research. It is essential for the selection of most suitable methods to reach at the consistent and authentic conclusion according to the defined research objectives....   [tags: Business Management] 2390 words
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Model-based Reasoning in Model-Checking for the Examination of Software Systems - Challenging issues in theoretical computer science arise in connection with the problem of detecting undesired behaviours among software potential executions and removing them. Model checking (Baier and Katoen 2008), a leading formal method devoted to this purpose, enables one to examine computational systems by means of a formal model of the system and of an algorithm that searches throughout the model for desired/undesired behaviours. This paper analyses model checking as an instantiation, in the computer science field, of the model-based reasoning approach characterizing the examination of complex empirical systems....   [tags: Computer Science]
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The Failure of an All-Volunteer Military, by Andrew J. Bacevich - “Failure of an All-Volunteer Military”, published in the Boston Globe in 2007, Andrew Bacevich argues that our all-volunteer military has failed, with his thesis, “Failure to correct those defects will only invite more Iraqs – unnecessary wars that once begun prove unwinnable.” He writes of how the all-volunteer military was created, the separation of society and the military, government losing the power to draft, and citizens losing their voice in “how the military is used.” He then writes, citizens feel no “obligation” to the military thereby will not join....   [tags: Defects, Consequences, Ribbons]
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Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity, by David N. Entwistle - Summary “Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity” (2010) is about the purposeful integration of psychology and Christianity. Entwistle, discusses the integration of scripture and nature, holding to historic orthodox Christianity that “Scripture and the natural world have their origins in God’s creativity and revelation” (Entwistle, 2010, p. 136). Theology clarifies the Word of God (Bible), and Psychology corresponds with the works of God. A working definition of integration is offered, “A multi-faceted attempt to discern the underlying truths about the nature and functioning of human beings from the unique vantage points of psychology (in its various sub-disciplines,...   [tags: Bible, Theology, Responsive Essay]
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Analysis of Sinner's in the Hands of an Angry God - To take the first jab at answering this inquiry, it would be fair to assume one would ask this question in rhetorical context, being that the answer is blatantly obvious. Though to prove my conjecture, it will be necessary to first prove logical validations in this Question. We will also apply the analysis of the reference to a sermon titled “sinners in the hand's of an angry god” which was given by a preacher named Johnathan Edwards in 1741, it was a well written argument, first providing a danger or infinite despair in “Hell”, then supplying the ultimate trump card of happiness in the form of “Heaven,” but ultimately it was highly successful in attracting people to the puritan religion....   [tags: religion, beliefs, hell, heaven]
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Practical and Theoretical Problems in Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies - Introduction Along with qualitative and quantitative methodologies in research, the trend of combining both qualitative and quantitative methodologies is widely used and increasingly articulated, attached to research practice and recognized as the third major research approach or research paradigm (Johnson, Onwuegbuzie & Turner, 2007). The start of the combined methods was argued on the notion that different methodologies that have always comfortably coexisted (Datta, 1994). On the other hand, Greene (2007) argued that another perspective on the development of combining both quantitative and qualitative methods emerged because of the willing acceptance of mixing methodologies in the applie...   [tags: research, data, healthcare]
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Classical Approaches to Teaching English as a Second Language - During the last hundred years, English has become the most important language in the world. In the contemporary age, learning any foreign tongue has become both fashionable and necessary. But is there a perfect method which can be applied to achieve the appropriate level of English. I have been learning English for more than 10 years, but have never realized that there are so many different techniques and approaches to teach English as a second language. While studying, I have noticed that I had experienced some of them at the primary and secondary school....   [tags: Languages, ESL, Foreign Language] 1603 words
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Writing Proficiency Issues for International Students in the UK - Writing proficiency is an obstacle which most students, especially those who should start writing in academic style, can face. However, more difficulties are likely to be faced by international students in the UK, who have to succeed in achieving two main aims; the first one concerns the ability to understand what might be the requirements that they should fulfil. Secondly, how they manage to express their ideas through the UK academic procedure. In fact, the cultural factor plays a pivotal role in a student’s progress as regards academic writing, while the UK readers often struggle to understand what non-native speakers try to say in their papers, which probably lead to unsatisfactory asses...   [tags: foreign language, English, ] 1069 words
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The Effects of Decision Making Model: A Cultural Examination - Decision-making, is one of the many commonalities shared by a number of individuals regardless of their cultural background, demographic, economics, sex or religious affiliation. Everyday people are presented with problems, be they professional, political or social – problems do exist, and decision how to address them must be made. However, the difference in how an individual chooses to approach decisions differs from person to person. A Senior VP may make decisions more differently than a World Leader....   [tags: Psychology ] 1669 words
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The Impact of the Scientific Revolution Upon the Enlightenment - The age of Enlightenment was a progression of the cultural and intellectual changes in Europe that had resulted from the scientific revolution during the sixteenth and seventeenth century. The scientific revolution and the discoveries made about the natural world would ultimately challenge the way people perceived the world around them. Scientist found real answers, by questioning flawed ancient beliefs that were widely held and maintained by the church. Ultimately, these discoveries and scientific advancements would evolve and effect social, cultural, and political developments in Europe over the course of time....   [tags: European History] 985 words
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The Question of Free Will: Descartes, Hume, and Nietzsche - The power of acting without necessity and acting on one’s own discretions, free will still enamors debates today, as it did in the past with philosophers Nietzsche, Descartes, and Hume. There are two strong opposing views on the topic, one being determinism and the other “free will”. Determinism, or the belief a person lacks free will and all events including human actions are determined by forces outside the will of an individual contrasts the entire premise of free will. Rene Descartes formulates his philosophical work through deductive reasoning and follows his work with his system of reasoning....   [tags: Free Will Essays]
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A Study of Romantic Factors in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein - From the very opening of the novel, there is an introduction of a character and his relation to nature, in this case, Robert Walton as he depicts the grandeur of nature through his letters sent to her sister while setting out on his adventure to the North pole; “There, Margaret, the sun is forever visible, its broad disk just skirting the horizon and diffusing a perpetual splendour” (Shelley 10). Through this description, it is evident that Romantic elements are being portrayed through Frankenstein since the love and emotion for nature is emphasized repeatedly....   [tags: novel, literary analysis]
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The Multicursal and Rhizome Labyrinths as Metaphors for Detection - When referring to labyrinths, Kolter states that there are usually three types that are widely considered: The unicursal maze, the multicursal or mannerist maze, and the rhizome or network maze. The first type poses no challenge to the individual traversing its pathways because it consists of a single pathway that leads to a centre and then further on to an exit. The second type creates more of a challenge as it is made up of numerous pathways, many of which lead to dead ends, but there is only one correct pathway leading to the exit; however, this maze is one which can be successfully navigated through trial and error....   [tags: labyrinths, maze, pathways, deduction]
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Reflections on the Scientific Revolution, Deism, and Religion - Constantly on opposite sides, science and religion both espoused to define the meaning of man's existence and purpose. From the dawn of human cognition, religion seemed to have an important influence in daily lives. On the other hand, the purpose of science was to support theological dogma, and if possible, enforce them. By the 15th century, a pattern of divergence from solely subordination to theology emerges. Why was this possible. Looking at the characteristics of science and theology, the aims of the former is positivistic and the latter is normative....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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New Ways of Thinking in Science and Art - Samuel Johnson stated “Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information upon it” (Richard Van De Lagemaat pg.28). Many philosophers constructed their ideologies by exploring the world around them and for their sense of curiosity. However, as the years passed, many of the theories proven changed due to new information discovered. The reason for these new discoveries to occur was because of “curiosity”. Curiosity opened the doors for inquiry and great ideas or even inventions....   [tags: Philosophy ]
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Human Fallibility Exposed in Kurt Vonnegut’s Cat's Cradle - Oscar Wilde, an acclaimed Irish Poet, novelist, dramatist and critic once aptly commented, “Men become old, but they never become good”. The philosophical aspect of this quote relies on the basis that human beings are inherently malevolent. Through his pessimistic perspective, Wilde clearly captures the ill-disposed mindset of mankind. Moreover, there are various deductive arguments that discredit the optimistic depiction of human nature. One of the prime examples can be found in Kurt Vonnegut’s literature....   [tags: Kurt Vonnegut, Cat's Cradle] 1029 words
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On Being an Atheist by H J McCloskey - H J McCloskey intelligently put his thoughts together and shared his beliefs in his article called “On Being an Athiest” addressing some key arguments discussed in atheism and theism from an atheistic point of view. He makes no apologies for bringing up a difficult topic and for trying to argue persuasively for his views. He makes a great point when he states, “…I make no apology for doing so, as it is useful for us to remind ourselves of the reasons for and virtues of our beliefs (50).” Whether a theist or an atheist we should know what we believe and why we believe what we believe....   [tags: philosophy, atheism, theism, belief]
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Improve Inventory Management To Support Maintenance Management Program - BACKGROUND Material management is one of the main components in the management of all types of companies. Material management plays an important role in supporting the company's performance, which relates to customer satisfaction, cost of production and financial performance. Ruauw (2011) stated that the raw materials required should be sufficient available so as to ensure smooth production. However, should the quantity of inventory it should not be too large so that capital tied up in inventory and costs....   [tags: Material Management, Companies]
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Use of Persuasive Argument in 12 Angry Men - The movie “12 Angry Men” examines the dynamics at play in a United States jury room in the 1950’s. It revolves around the opinions and mindsets of twelve diverse characters that are tasked with pronouncing the guilt or innocence of a young man accused of patricide. The extraordinary element is that their finding will determine his life or death. This play was made into a movie in 1957, produced by Henry Fonda who played the lead role, Juror #8, and Reginald Rose who wrote the original screenplay....   [tags: 12 Angry Men Essays]
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Christian Apologetic Mehods: A Case for Classical Apologetics - ... The presuppositional apologist must begin by presupposing that Christianity is true as their starting point . They assume, due to the effects of sin, there is not enough common ground between the believer and the unbeliever (the common ground hypothesis); the unbeliever cannot argue, think, or live without presupposing God . The issue with this method is that it risks leading to fideism (one can come to the faith by sheer will and without assistance) and that question’s the necessity of apologetics in the first place....   [tags: Holy Spirit, Christianity, classical method]
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