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Your search returned over 400 essays for "deductive"
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Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A - Hypothetico-Deductive Modeling to Q&A The Hypothetico-Deductive model is considered by some to be the hallmark of scientific research methods. The model is predicated on obtaining information in an effort to confirm or reject the hypothesis developed. This methodology requires the researcher to ask questions, hone in on the issue through preliminary research, formulate hypothesis and measurements, test, draw conclusions, refine and report. In order for the model to be effective the question being addressed by the researcher must be testable....   [tags: Scientific Research Methods, Charles Darwin]
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1274 words
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Deductive Databases - \subsection{Deductive Databases} In the field of deductive databases there has been extensive research on the optimization of queries for Datalog (and its variants). The major interest has been the optimization of recursive queries. Ceri et al~\cite{ceri-gottlob-tanca-1989} provide an excellent summary of the field. The evaluation or comparison of optimization strategies is typified by Bancilhon and Ramakrishnan~\cite{br1986,br1988} who develop analytical cost models for the optimization strategies when applied to four queries (related to the parent and ancestor relations) and then generate numerical data from the analytical models using synthetic data driven by three shapes -- tree, invert...   [tags: Information Technology] 1008 words
(2.9 pages)
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Introduction to Solve Math Problems Deductive Reasoning - Introduction to solve math problems deductive reasoning Deductive reasoning is one of the two essential forms of suitable reasoning. The reasoning constructs or evaluates deductive reasoning. While deductive reasoning argues from the general to exacting , similarly inductive reasoning argues from the specific to a general instance. Deductive arguments may be valid or invalid,and sound or unsound, but that are not true or false. Whenever we turn up for the conclusion using facts, definitions, rule, or properties, then it is so called Deductive Reasoning....   [tags: Math] 508 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Deductive Problem of Evil - The Deductive Problem of Evil      One of the major philosophical debates concerning God's existence involves the problem of evil.  The problem has two basic formulations, one is deductive, the other inductive.  The deductive form of the problem asks the following:  Is the existence of evil logically compatible with a necessarily benevolent and necessarily omnipotent being?  One of the philosophers who discusses the problem is Richard Gale.  I will begin this essay by outlining the deductive problem of evil according to Gale.  I will then try to refute the deductive argument and prove that the existence of evil is indeed logically compatible with a benevolent and omnipotent being.  A conc...   [tags: Philosophy essays]
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1523 words
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Probabilist - Deductive Inference in Gassendi's Logic - ‘Probabilist’ Deductive Inference in Gassendi's Logic* ABSTRACT: In his Logic, Pierre Gassendi proposes that our inductive inferences lack the information we would need to be certain of the claims that they suggest. Not even deductivist inference can insure certainty about empirical claims because the experientially attained premises with which we adduce support for such claims are no greater than probable. While something is surely amiss in calling deductivist inference "probabilistic," it seems Gassendi has hit upon a now-familiar, sensible point—namely, the use of deductive reasoning in empirical contexts, while providing certain formal guarantees, does not insulate empirical arguments...   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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3534 words
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Human Understanding: What is Inductive Reasoning? - Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Part I: What is Induction. The term inductive reasoning refers to reasoning that takes specific information and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable, allowing for the fact that the conclusion may not be accurate. An example of inductive reasoning is: All observed children like to play with Legos. All children, therefore, enjoy playing with Legos. Relying on inductive reasoning throughout everyday life is just a part of human nature. If someone were to take into consideration every plausible outcome of a given situation, they would never get anything done or been stricken with worry....   [tags: inductive and deductive reference] 574 words
(1.6 pages)
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Don't Judge a Book by It's Cover or The Importance of Beauty - ... The author stated this as “horns / halo effect” a tendency to allow one's judgement of another person, especially in a job interview, to be unduly influenced by an unfavorable (horns) or favorable (halo) first impression based on appearances beside that , attractive children tend to be treated better by both teacher and parents.in a studies done by Dion, provide 243 female university studies with identical detailed account of the misbehavior a seven-year old school child. then she showed pictures of seven-year-old boys or girls who have been rated in high physical attractiveness ; the other half of boys and girls who weren't that attractiveness....   [tags: attractiveness, deductive argument, evaluation] 660 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments - The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God, although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct, deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's existence....   [tags: Papers] 1209 words
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Field Observation: Observing St. Paul - The method that was used in this research was field observation. Field observation is when you conduct a research observing what people do and what they say. When you conduct other researches, you focus on theories, but when you conduct field observation, you focus more on the communalities that your subject lives in, schools they attend, and the neighborhoods they live in. In conducting a field observation, there are two techniques inductive and deductive techniques. Inductive techniques are when observers don’t focus on a theory but creates a theory after doing the research....   [tags: inductive, deductive, research] 556 words
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Reasoning Research Paper - Tables of Content Inductive Reasoning ……………………………...………………………………...……….…….3 Deductive Reasoning …………….....…………………………………………………………….3 Critical Thinking.……………….………...…………………………………………………..…...4 Role of Inductive Reasoning………………………………………………………………………5 Role of Deductive Reasoning……………………………………………………………………..5 Roles of Critical Thinking ………………..………………………………………………………6 References…………………………………………………………………………………………8 Inductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning is logical reasoning where people have a lot of the information and use that to reach a conclusion....   [tags: education, deductive, inductive]
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1223 words
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The Paradigm Shift Caused by Francis Bacon - The time period surrounding the 17th century was the beginning of an era of great scientific advancement in Europe that was known as the Scientific Revolution. It was during this phase that the use of reason and new advances in science resulted in paradigm shifts. Paradigm shifts are shifts in basic assumptions (paradigms) resulting from the discovery of new information that is no longer compatible with existing paradigms, forcing people to shift their mind frame to adapt to the new assumption ("Thomas S....   [tags: going from deductive to inductive reasoning]
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1188 words
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Review on What Aspects of Vocabulary Knowledge Do Textbooks Give Attention To - Introduction This paper is devoted to the discussions about three main areas of the selected article-- What aspects of vocabulary knowledge do textbooks give attention to. In first place, an examination of the possible philosophical assumption, which seems existing ontologically and epistemologically behind the research approach. Greener(2011) suggests knowing of some widely debated philosophical ideas would give researchers more chances accomplishing good researches. Because such knowledge could throw a light in the way scholars choose and organise certain methods....   [tags: Education Methods, Deductive Research] 1932 words
(5.5 pages)
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Quantitative vs Qualitative Research on which is Better - ... With the use of the quantitative approach, researcher’s findings are descriptive and conclusive. Since these findings are usually conclusive, it is available to use these findings as recommendations to form a final course of action for the question at hand. These are the positive aspects that make the quantitative approach more realistic at times, however, there are positive aspects to the qualitative approach as well. Qualitative researchers usually work inductively, as opposed to quantitative researchers who work deductively....   [tags: conclusions, deductive, exploratory] 1845 words
(5.3 pages)
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Argument Classification - An inference is a way to yield a conclusion from statements that are presumed to be true—called premises. The conclusion includes new knowledge that the premises did not make explicit. For example, we could have two statements which are presumed to be true. 1.) “Steve is in choir.” 2.) “Everyone in choir sings.” From these two statements, we can infer a conclusion of 3.) “Steve sings.” We were able to reasonably put forth a new piece of information from two previously established pieces of information....   [tags: Logic] 1046 words
(3 pages)
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Teaching Conditional Sentences through C-R Tasks - A. Introduction Conditional sentences are dedicated to expressing a possible situation and its consequences. Teaching of conditional sentences is a difficult point in secondary school English education. In mainland China, students begin the learning of the first and zero type of conditional sentences in the eighth grade, and learn the rest of second and third type of condition sentences in the eleventh grade. The long learning period of conditional sentence can reflect the great importance and difficulty of teaching this grammar....   [tags: education, grammar, teaching method]
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2198 words
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Analysisng Consumer Motivations to Shop for Luxury Products Online - 1.0 Introduction In this chapter, the writer will demonstrate the methodology used in analysing consumer motivations to shop for luxury products online. Methodology plays an important role in the academic researches as it concerned with what method need to be used to carry out the study. Collins and Hussey (2003) stated that the use of methodology is the most important part of a research (Collins and Hussey, 2003). The structure of this chapter will display from research philosophy to the data collection methods and discuss the most appropriate methods that will be used in this research....   [tags: methodology, research, methods] 2173 words
(6.2 pages)
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The Allegory of The Cave, by Plato - Plato’s logical strategy in the allegory of the cave is of deductive reasoning. Plato uses a cave containing people bound by chains which constrict their neck and legs in such a way that they are unable to turn around and there is a fire roaring behind them casting shadows on the wall. Since the prisoners cannot turn their heads to see what is casting the shadow the only thing they can perceive are the shadows and the sounds that seem to becoming from them. This is what Plato argues in the allegory of the cave “To them, I said, the truth would literally be nothing but the shadows of the images.”(The Allegory of the Cave Plato)....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Rhetoric]
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868 words
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The Differences between Logical, Ethical and Dialectical Reasoning - ... In other words, if the original statement is true then necessarily the conclusion should be true as well. It does not provide any new information just a rearrangement of previous information just like deductive reasoning. Informal reasoning “possesses all the elements of formal reasoning, like the deduction part, however it also includes probabilities and truths about premises and conclusion .”It is very similar to abductive reasoning because the truth may seem obvious based of the likelihood of the situation....   [tags: philosophical analysis]
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1670 words
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Richard Dawkin's Essay on Darwin's Wasp - In Richard Dawkins’s essay about Darwin’s wasp, he makes an argument that nature’s role is to ensure DNA survival. The inductive argument begins by observing the behavior of the wasp. As Dawkins observes, the wasp inserts its stinger into the central nervous system of the caterpillar and paralyzes it. Then the wasp implants larva. The larvae eat the caterpillar alive. This may seem cruel to the human mind if we apply the concept of suffering to this process, but ultimately, this is nature at work....   [tags: Aquinas, Utility Function]
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844 words
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On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean - On Explanation: Aristotelean and Hempelean ABSTRACT: Given the great historical distance between scientific explanation as Aristotle and Hempel saw it, I examine and appraise important similarities and differences between the two approaches, especially the inclination to take deduction itself as the very model of scientific knowledge. I argue that we have good reasons to reject this inclination. In his recent studies showing Galileo's knowledge of and adherence to the deductive standards of explanation in science set forth by Aristotle, Wallace (1) remarks that this Aristotelean theory must not be confused with the contemporary deductive-nomological theory of Hempel and Oppenheim....   [tags: History Science Scientific Papers]
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2763 words
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A Comparison of Sir Frances Bacon’s Induction and Euclid's Deduction - In this essay, I will compare Sir Frances Bacon’s method of inductive reasoning to its counterpart, deductive reasoning presented by Euclid. Induction is the process of getting the empirical truth which involves the four sources of knowledge; memory, sense perception, introspection, & reason. Induction starts from sense in primary objects. Deduction, on the other hand which is truth based upon rational thought, allows us to use a hypothesis, and examine all possibilities until a logical conclusion can be formed so those things which are true can be classed....   [tags: method of inductive reasoning]
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895 words
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Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions - Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions There is a lot of empirical evidence supporting the proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’. For example on many, many occasions we have observed metals expanding when heated. Because of this large amount of evidence we take the proposition to be true (or highly likely to be true). The proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’ is caled a universal proposition. A universal proposition mentions al things of a certain kind. The proposition '‘Al metals expand when heated’ is about al metals, not just some of them; it is about al pieces of metal, not just some pieces....   [tags: Ampliative Logic] 4413 words
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Compare and Contrast Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodologies - ... (Dimiter 2003) This is a useful way of ensuring that an experiment has a strong level of internal validity. The pre-test post-test allows a number of distinct analyses, giving researchers the tools to filter out experimental confounding variables. The internal validity of this design is strong, because the pre-test ensures that the groups are equivalent. The various analyses that can be performed upon a two-group control group pre-test post-test designs are . The main problem with this design is that it improves internal validity but sacrifices external validity to do so....   [tags: experimental design]
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2046 words
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Teaching Science In The Twenty-First Century - Botanist, zoo director, orthodontist, and park ranger. These are only four of the many, many jobs that need their employees to have a good background in the sciences. It is very important that children begin to be taught about science when they are introduced to the other fundamental subjects. If a child has a good understanding of science and scientific thinking, they can use these processes in everyday life. Science is also important for kids to know because it can open their eyes to an abundance of occupations....   [tags: Science]
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Intellectual Ability in the Workplace - Intellectual is associated to our mind which we use our mind creatively and able find solutions to solve the problem through reason and thinking. Ability is an individual capacity, talent or skills that he or she enables to perform a job successfully when under take a certain responsibility. According to Gabriel (n.d.), intellectual ability means the skills required to perform mental tasks and apply to both academic and work settings. So that, intellectual ability play an important role in workplace....   [tags: Number Aptitude, Inductive Reasoning]
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1087 words
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Human Resources Management Practices - The fierce marketing competition drives company to seek new resources to improve their core competences and adapt to changing of the internal and external environment of organisation. A growing number of HR professors argued that strategic human resource management can be regarded as a source of sustained advantage for competition (Zupan and Ograjenšek, 2008). But there are lots of limitations exist in previous literatures, which do not answer questions like which strategic human resource management practice is best fit to enhance performance of organisation or is there any most effective SHRM model....   [tags: research, design, method, approach] 1944 words
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What is Production Engineering - ... The reality is not constructed in specific context of some industry. These two concepts are not specific to a particular industry and could be same across industries. Ontology captures the data in the way so that the relationship between the two above concepts is visible. The strength of the ontology is that it is easily extensible as new relationships can be added to existing ontologies viz., for example, idle time also impacts the deliverability of the products. Also, it makes the researcher to be knowledgeable in the specific topics as the researcher solves the problem by himself....   [tags: ontology, objectivism and constructivism] 1506 words
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Use of Logic in Monty Python and the holy grail - Monty Python and the Holy Grail Logic affects our lives everyday. We use it both subconsciously and consciously to make decisions which can be as important as our careers, or as insignificant as what to eat for lunch. Logic can also be used in other ways. Ironically, others’ bad logic can result in us learning something just as much as we learn from our own bad decisions. This is shown in Monty Python’s Quest for the Holy Grail. One example of this ironic use of logic is with the trial of the witch....   [tags: essays research papers] 444 words
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Abstract Geometry - Abstract Geometry The ancient Egyptians and Babylonians discovered abstract Geometry. They developed these ideas that were used to build pyramids and help with reestablishing land boundaries. While, the Babylonians used abstract geometry for measuring, construction buildings, and surveying. Abstract geometry uses postulates, rules, definitions and propositions before and up to the time of the Euclid. Abstract geometry is deductive reasoning and axiomatic organization. Deductive reasoning deals with statements that have already been accepted....   [tags: Free Essays] 402 words
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The Common View of Science which was Presented by Alan Chalmers - ... Hence, science advances by trial and mistake just like people learn a lesson from their error. Science is altering all the time and noting in it can exist forever. I disagree with Chalmers's words and agree with Popperian objections. Science is not always reliable because there is no way that people can control and things not always follow its rule. Even though human have proven some natural phenomenons, there are always outliers in science world. In other words, the current scientific knowledge, laws, theories which are known will probably be overthrown one day in the future, they are currently correct but not always....   [tags: science knowledge, principles, opinion] 842 words
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A Research Paper on the Life of John Stuart Mill - ... This theory is the strong hold that John Stuart Mill practiced in his years to come, and would later be recognized as a forefather. One of the main problems with utilitarianism was that utility could not be measured. One person’s utility from such good or activity would differ among others. Mills acknowledges this problem in his book, which states, [1] “The only proof capable of being given that an object is visible, is that people actually see it. The only proof that a sound is audible, is that people hear it......   [tags: utilitarianism, economic policies] 869 words
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Using Diversity and Science to Effectively Educate Students - Diversity is when individuals differ in race, ethnicity, gender, class, language, religion, ability, geography, and/or age. Teachers will be required to teach in diverse classrooms with a variety of inclusion students, gender, and cultures. Each and every person learns differently and at different rates. According to Culyer and Ebert (2008), “There is no age which all people are on the same intellectual level either at a starting point or as a level of attainment. Thus, you can expect that all students in your classroom will represent a range of intellectual ability” (p.84)....   [tags: Education, teachers, teaching]
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Research on How to Market a New Product - ... On the basis of positivism researchers take a scientific perspective when observing social behavior, with an objective analysis possible (Travers, 2001). It is important to note that research that is based on positivism is based on deductive theorizing, a number of prepositions are created for testing with empirical verification that are required(Babbie, 2005). Positivism always favors quantitative methods as a large scale phenomenon is analyzed. In interpretivism, there is a great difference between the subject matter of the social science and that in the natural science; the studies of social science therefore require a different logic of research technique (Bryman and Bell, 2007)....   [tags: epistemology, ontology, positivism] 780 words
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My Life, My Fantasy, My Philosophy - My Life, My Fantasy, My Philosophy - Descartes' Fourth Meditation, Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, Sir Francis Bacon's The Four Idols, and Walt Disney Every day is a process of discovery, and I have stumbled upon one about myself: I am a hypocrite; I live in a world of hypocrites, and here, on this earth, lies not one soul who can live happily otherwise. We have developed a defense mechanism against all that is unknown in this world and acquired a false sense of security of having control and actually knowing how it is that this world works....   [tags: Philosophy] 1968 words
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Lesson Planning Through Observation of an English Language Class - Lesson planning is an important component of teaching English language because a good teacher must make a lesson plan in order to achieve the objectives of a lesson. This term, I had a chance to observe grade 6 students.The classroom was composed of 31 students. All of them were native speakers of Turkish and their English proficiency level is elementary. In the lesson which I attended, the teacher taught simple present tense. So,the main objective of this lesson was to make the students use the simple present tense....   [tags: Grammar, Turkey, Activities] 537 words
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Max Black and Humean Skepticism - Max Black and Humean Skepticism In this essay I will argue that the Humean problem of induction is only truly problematic when a strange, impossible definition is given to the term “reasonable”. I will begin by explaining what it is I understand Hume’s induction problem to be, and to try to flesh out the issues relevant to my case. I will then examine Max Black’s proposed solution to the problem, and show in what ways this solution is useful and why it is ultimately unconvincing. In this latter context I will invoke the work of Wesley Salmon, and then try to solve the problem that Salmon poses....   [tags: Max Black Hume Essays]
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Taking a Look at Inductive Interference - ... Based solely on experience, one cannot be justified in accepting the SPI because they would not be making a real inference; their experiences do not necessarily entail truth in their conclusion. One would also not be justified on the basis of deductive inference because that method means that the conclusion is only factual to the premises it was formed from; in other words, you can only assume everyone will be nice if there are no mean people to begin with. Lastly, assuming SPI will always yield a correct conclusion is also not justified because since the world does in fact have mean people, the SPI cannot possibly be correct every single time no matter how often you encounter a nice per...   [tags: SPI, Hume's Assumption] 543 words
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René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God - René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God The problem with René Descartes' argument about the existence of God has to do with his rationalist deductive reasoning. Descartes deduces that truth about the existence of God lies within his idea of a perfect God and God's essence (as a perfect being who must exist in order to be perfect). A rationalist philosopher, Descartes discounts human knowledge as a product of our sensory data (our senses) but supports the epistemological stance that our knowledge is obtained through the reasoning processes of our own minds....   [tags: Philosophy God Existence Religion Essays]
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Problem of Induction - In the selection, ‘Skeptical doubts concerning the operations of the understanding’, David Hume poses a problem for knowledge about the world. This question is related to the problem of induction. David Hume was one of the first who decided to analyze this problem. He starts the selection by providing his form of dividing the human knowledge, and later discusses reasoning and its dependence on experience. Hume states that people believe that the future will resemble the past, but we have no evidence to support this belief....   [tags: Philosophy / Logic]
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Research and Design - ……….RESEARCH DESIGN As it has been already indicated, this study has examined each of our six research questions via the interviews of colleagues in the health field and through my experiences with my clients. The Research Method Our research method is concerned with inferential procedures. That is to say, information that we obtained can be used to make inference about a much larger set of measurements called population (OTT 1988). Three health practitioners with a minimum of ten years of experience formed our sample....   [tags: Research Analysis ]
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Teaching Passive Voice - A. Introduction As guides, teachers play a significant role in imparting grammar knowledge to students. They use their existing knowledge to enhance students’ learning ability during the process of their teaching. As regard to which method should teachers adopt, many researchers hold different views. In this article, the author mainly discusses the strategies in teaching passive voice by evaluating Miss Wong’s pedagogical approach. In the second part, the author will write a proposal to suggest an alternative teaching method regarding passive voice....   [tags: education, language, grammar, student]
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What´s Academic Writing? - Academic writing is a critical part of your success as a college student, many professors require the kind of components that are included within academic writing. A rhetorical situation can be the sole factor that determines the key components within any piece of writing. It is also a way to show differences in pieces in academic writing, A rhetorical situation requires many elements this includes a properly composed thesis, ample research sources, carefully crafted citations and thorough checks for plagiarism through application, summarization and paraphrasing....   [tags: thesis statement, college career]
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An Evaluation of Workers’ and Students’ Performance: Effects of Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on Performance Appraisals - Throughout life, people inevitably are evaluated based on their different positions, duties, and situations. As a student studying at school, school performance directly affects the level of academic achievement, while job performance strongly influences the livelihood and financial income of a hired employee. Every person in society is closely subjected to performance appraisal, which is the measurement of performance among individuals. In order to measure peoples’ performance, there are many different kinds of performance appraisals that evaluate how well people are doing with their tasks, and their performance can be rated by everyone including the workers themselves....   [tags: Competence, Work Ethic]
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Compare and Contrast the Natural and Social Sciences in Their Philosophy and Approach to Research - ... The scientific model of the natural sciences is firstly introduced to the social sciences in the 19th century in an historical context of the Enlightenment movement, that emphasized the rational and logical attainment of knowledge , opposing to the traditional explanations rooted in religion or the supernatural. .”The French writer, Auguste Comte (1798-1857) ,was the first person to use the word “sociology” and he also coined the term “positive philosophy” ( Comte, 1968, first published in the 1840s)”, as Haralambos ,Holborn,Chapman and Moore have stated (2013, p.879) in the above quotation....   [tags: universal laws, interpreting human behavior] 992 words
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The Best Way to Learn Semantic Chinese Radicals For Adult Second Language Learners - The children and adults learn the languages differently. Children learn implicitly or automatically acquire complex grammatical structures of their first language based on experience, but adults already need more additional resources of the rules (explicit) learning (Ellis, 2005). However, the teaching Chinese semantic radicals might be taught implicitly or explicitly. Nearly every person experienced the second language learning. The great amount of research in second language acquisition was done after World War II....   [tags: education, international culture]
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The Effect of Rene Descartes and David Hume on the Philosophical World - Rene Descartes and David Hume both have had a profound effect on the philosophical world. Both these philosophers are associated explicitly with two separate schools of philosophy which are Rationalism and Empiricism. It is this division between Rationalism and Empiricism that allows for Descartes and Hume to present differing accounts of the mind and mentality. Descartes is widely recognized as the father of modern philosophy, he is a rationalist, who considers knowledge of the metaphysical as existing separate from physical reality believing that truth cannot be acquired through the senses but through the intellect in the form of deductive reasoning....   [tags: rationalism, empirism] 1078 words
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Compare and Contrast the Characteristics of External, Internal, and Construct Validity - Compare and Contrast the Characteristics of External, Internal, and Construct Validity Validity is an important aspect of the research design. For instance, in research the uses statistics as the primary form of measurement. Validity applies to the truth of a standard. A measure is valid, in general, when it (Renata, 2011, 1) includes what it devised to measure. Renata (2011) explained, "Internal and external validity are the two primary types of validity" (para. 1). However, both display diverse aspects of a study’s design and results....   [tags: aspects of research design]
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1798 words
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Discuss the Perception that Financial Accounting Appears to be Transforming - This essay is going to discuss the perception that financial accounting appears to be transforming. It demonstrates that why the financial accounting theories appears and the difference between descriptive and prescriptive methods of research; the reason why researches might shift from one method to another and how the accounting theories influence by some famous researchers contribution such as Paton, Littleton and Chambers. Accounting is a human activity; therefore accounting theories should consider people’s behavior with respect to accounting information....   [tags: Finance ]
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2159 words
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F/CFAT : An Approach for Combined Safety and Security Analysis - I. INTRODUCTION System safety is a complex concept, which is represented by multiple attributes and which requires diverse sources of evidence to demonstrate its achievement. Safety-critical systems, which provide safety-critical services to their users, must be designed to be safe. This means that despite their complexities and despite variable environmental conditions, their operation should be demonstrably safety. A fundamental difficulty in measuring system safety arises due to the complexity of the notion – it is made up of multiple, potentially conflicting attributes, and difficult trade-offs may need to be made between these attributes....   [tags: Information Technology]
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1413 words
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Overlapping Methods or Developing a New Approach? Understanding Methodological Commonalities - Grounded Theory (GT) and Content Analysis (CA) are widely known methodologies applied within multiple scientific communities, sharing a close background with social sciences. Each of these approaches has been developed and tested throughout distinct historical pathways, both shaped by different aims, results and theoretical constructions. Whereas GT belongs to what could be described as “inductive science”, CA is tagged under the motto of “deductive sciences”, assuming essentially different epistemological positions (Bernard & Ryan, 2009)....   [tags: content analysis,grounded theory,data exploration]
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Research Regarding Climate Change and Agriculture Management in Nepal - 3 Research propose The purpose of research is to explore, how climate change had been changed the management of agriculture in Nepal. 3.2 Objectives a) To examine the management of agriculture helps to minimize the effects of climate change on agricultural products. b) To assess the relation between climate change and agricultural productivity. c) To find out the response of villagers against changes. d) To explore any adaptation strategies practiced by farmer. 4. Study Area The research is mainly focused in two Village Development Committee (Khokana and Bungamati) located at southwest of Lalitpur District of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal (tripadvisor, 2014)....   [tags: Farming, Villagers] 911 words
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Science Revolution: Separating Modern Science With Theological Speculations - During the 17th century, European philosophy and religion was challenged with the introduction of the scientific revolution. Through the three factors that incorporate science: a body of knowledge, a system of inquiry, and thinkers to support their findings (494); old and new worldviews were being questioned. While some thinkers of the era were not intentionally trying to separate religion and science, their ideas created controversy, which in some areas slowed down the growth of scientific experimentation and knowledge....   [tags: scientific experimentation, planets, sun]
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Causes of Temporary Labor Migration from Fiji - Fiji is an island nation in Melanesia, in the South Pacific Ocean. The estimated population of the country is about 849,000, with a total area of about 7,056 square miles. Labor migration is one of the key forces of socioeconomic development. Migration of skilled people with high levels of human capital leads to a shortage of skilled labor in the home country as well as provides an opportunity to the unemployed youths to be engaged in the labor market hence it helps in the economic growth and development of many developing countries such as Fiji....   [tags: melanesia, fiji migrants, fiji economy]
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Comparing Descartes and Peirce's Opinions On Knowledge - ... Charles Peirce believed “only through the way of linguistic, logical and pragmatic signs considered as tools and objects can humans know about the natural world.” (Kremer) Whereas Descartes wants us to doubt, Peirce believed doubt was a cause of irritation arising from indecisiveness in matters of action. Peirce stated, “The function of thought was to produce belief, after it had been excited by doubt” and the effect of thought, which is belief, involves a habit which in turn is a “rule of action” so that belief becomes a “habit of action.” Instead of creating a new method, the way Descartes did, Peirce applied the scientific method....   [tags: doubting, truth, beliefs] 990 words
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Research Article Analysis: Juveniles in Prison - Research Article Analysis This research analysis is meant to measure the effects of this particular program against the goals it set out to accomplish as a means of contributing to subsequent decision making about the program and improving future programming. This applied research study is an evaluation research project of social science that is intended to supply scientifically valid information with which to guide public policy. The goals of this evaluation research are to provide feedback to policy makers in concrete and measurable terms....   [tags: jain, research paper, criminology] 2016 words
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Teaching Conditional Sentences to Chinese Students - Part A 1. Introduction Teaching English If-conditional sentences to Chinese students is always a challenge for English teachers. English teachers are still continuously seeking for an effective method to make the language point more understandable for students. The probability approach put forward by Mei Wu (2012) provides a clear classification of conditional sentences. Based on her theory, conditional sentences can be mainly divided into four types. In terms of probability, type 1 is the factual conditionals (zero condition) which mean the event is definitely happen to meet the condition stated in the if-clause....   [tags: education, grammar, language learning]
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The Impact of a Changing Climate - The main purpose of this research is exploring the impacts of climate change on agriculture trends and socioeconomic life of Nepalese farmers. In addition, it helps to identify key elements that support to develop alternative cultivation methods in changing environment. Furthermore, farmers will be understood to adopt distinct agricultural techniques and management process to utilize local resources that lessen the effect of climate change in agriculture. 3.1 Topic Impacts of climate change on agriculture in Nepal....   [tags: VDC, CAQDAS, Nepal]
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High on Health Group Work Assignment - ... We focused on creating a general guide and rules that we must each follow. We did this, so there would be no conflict and if there were there would be a solution. We wanted to have a simpler group, and one that doesn’t involve arguments and grudges, for when someone holds grudges; it is hard to work together. As a guide, we have two an objective with a mission statement, and a handout with rules on good teamwork skills. We all adhered and understood because we wrote the rules together, so if anyone disagreed we would have spoken about it before hand....   [tags: forming, storming, norming, performing] 1107 words
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Teaching Conditionals to Second Language Learners - Part A: Introduction Conditionals are sentences describing implications or hypothetical situations and their results. Two clauses make up a conditional: the condition clause and the consequent clause, which are dependent on each other (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009). Basically conditionals can be divided into four canonical tense patterns based on tense (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009), including zero conditionals, first conditionals, second conditionals and third conditionals. Zero conditionals are used in describing facts or rules....   [tags: conditionals, teaching, effectiveness, design] 1876 words
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Skilled but Classic Techniques in the Movie - Overall, I found the visual techniques of this film to be fairly basic. Not to say that it was boring or underachieving in any way, but more of a skilled implementation of classic technique. I think that with initial visual impact of stop motion animation, coupled with an intense soundtrack, and the distinctive use of color, the addition of any really abstract visual manipulation may have pushed this film over the edge. In terms of overall visual approach, this film leans more towards the inductive, although deductive scenes are used intermittently as well....   [tags: movies, directors, ] 501 words
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Theory of Acute Pain Management - Theory of Acute Pain Management Marion Good, PhD, RN, has focused her study, “A Middle-Range Theory of Acute pain Management: Use in Research,” on complementary medicine for pain and stress, acute pain, and stress immunity. The purpose of this theory is to put into practice guidelines for pain management. Good, 1998, noted the need for a balance between medication usage and side effects of pain medications. The theory also promoted patient education related to pain management following surgery and encouraged plan development for acceptable levels of pain management....   [tags: Health, Medicine, Morfine, Demerol] 1261 words
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Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods - In this paper, I will define quantitative and qualitative research methods and provide examples in the context of social issues which will hopefully provide insight into how this methods are properly applied. Social issues are very broad and diverse and are usually made up of factors or consequences which directly or indirectly affect a person or many members of a society and are considered to be problems, controversies or both and are related to moral values, therefore their immediate social environment may become vulnerable in some respect which may also effect several individuals environment and in turn society....   [tags: Qualitative Research in Education]
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Quantitative vs Qualitative Research Design - The foundational difference between the two methodologies of quantitative and qualitative research is that they stem from differing ideas on the nature of ‘reality’. Whereas the quantitative concept of reality is an objective one proven to be true by empirical evidence, qualitative’s concept of ‘reality’ is based on personal perception. Qualitative methodology suggests that as ways of perceiving the would are unique that reality itself is subjective (Alston & Bowles, 2012, pp. 12-16). In other words, “reality is ‘socially constructed” (Alston & Bowles, 2012, p.13)....   [tags: reality, research methodology, research]
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Rhetoric: The Declaration’s of Marxism - The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson between June 11th and 28th of 1776. This document was created to demonstrate a new concept of government, resonating the thirteen colonies’ reasons for separating from England and declaring war. Moreover, to dissolve the political relationship that America had with England’s laws. This document’s rhetoric was directed at King George the third. Jefferson constructs a philosophical statement that carries the peoples voice and appeals to his readers through fundamental beliefs....   [tags: fundamental beliefs, influences, government]
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Nature and Logic - Philosophy 103: Introduction to Logic The Nature of Logic Abstract: Some of the uses of logic are illustrated, and deductive arguments are briefly distinguished from inductive arguments. I. Logic is the study of the methods and principles used in distinguishing correct from incorrect reasoning. B. Logic differs from psychology in being a normative or a prescriptive discipline rather than a descriptive discipline. 1. I.e., it prescribes how one ought to reason; it's not concerned with how one actually does reason....   [tags: essays research papers] 1010 words
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Theory Of Knowledge - Theory Of Knowledge In today’s society, science is regarded as being the most trusted form of knowledge, leading to many claiming it to be the supreme form of knowledge. To investigate whether or not this is justified we must compare science to other forms/areas of knowledge and consider what they each contribute. The strongest argument science has to claim this title, is the objectivity and empirical nature of its method and in particular its verifying processes; mainly based on inductive and deductive reasoning....   [tags: Papers] 1519 words
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Thinking and Decision-Making - Thinking and Decision Making In decision-making, many different thinking methods must be considered. Some people like to think outside the box or use abstract, creative thoughts to make decisions. This is known as creative thinking. Others prefer to use a style of thinking built on a solid foundation, known as persuasive thinking. Some thinkers prefer to rely on reasoning to make decisions. This is known as logical thinking. When considering these three different thinking styles, many similarities and differences are apparent....   [tags: Thinking Styles Decisions] 1910 words
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The Schelling Segregation Model - Introduction In this essay, I aim to show that given Carl Hempel’s (1942) deductive-nomological (DN) theory of explanation and Bas C. van Fraassen’s (1980) pragmatic theory of explanation, Schelling only partially explains neighbourhood segregation, because multiple causal factors and background conditions ought to be taken into account. I will first outline how Schelling explains neighbourhood segregation, and then discuss the following aspects to show my conclusion: 1. Schelling’s model in the context of the DN theory of explanation 2....   [tags: Neighborhood Racial Segregation]
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Quantitative versus Qualitative Research - Quantitative and qualitative research are two methods to gather and synthesize data. When discussing these two research methods, one might ask what are the differences. If so, this paper answers the questions surrounding the differences including what the research involves. The purpose of the research can dictate which method would be the most beneficial. Qualitative research is open-ended whereas; quantitative research is more structured. The purpose of this paper is to describe the characteristics of quantitative and qualitative research and the application within an article....   [tags: trends, frequency, data]
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Entertainment, Media and Desensitization - People of the 21st century have reached a point where violence such as the shooting of John F. Kennedy is being viewed as nothing more but entertainment. There is not one day in the year where graphical violence is not being viewed in some way or the other. Violence has grown to a point where it has attached itself to people’s everyday lives. It has gotten to the point where it has made a home within everyone’s mind. Murder cases, shootings, and even bar fights no longer affect people’s emotions the same way anymore....   [tags: t.v. programs, modern media, violence]
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Contemporary Community and Research - ... I would argue that physical space or lack thereof between people is not what builds or breaks a community (Eipper,1996, p.88). As Eipper so eloquently puts it, community is a group of people whom “...share with those among whom they belong, and of what distinguishes them from others” (Eipper,1996, p.88). Whereas capitalist society values things you can count such as money, things, and accomplishments; communities value being a part of what Emile Durkheim called mechanical solidarity and building “we-ness” (Bruhn, 2011, p....   [tags: Qualitative, Quantitative, Society]
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The Debate over Abortion - ... Simple argumet but just as strong. Taking away anyones possible life experiences is awful and it could apply to the potential person. It would be hard to argue this obvious argument, but not impossible. Critics to the claim that there is not a person to even take away a life experience from. This means that they would be in disagreement with the first premise that mentions the potential person. Those in favor of abortion would state that an unwanted fetus could be at risk of birth defects , maternal depression , low birth rates and more (Family Planning Program)....   [tags: pros, cons, morality]
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Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle - David Kolb published his learning styles theory, in 1984, after many years of development. His theory stated that people learn in two different steps, inputting information and processing information. How people do this is also different. Think of inputting information on a vertical line, one person may prefer concrete examples at the top and abstract concepts at the bottom. Processing information is on a horizontal line with active experimentation on the left and reflective observation on the right....   [tags: Learning Styles]
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Davidson's "The Folly of Trying to Define Truth" - Davidson's "The Folly of Trying to Define Truth" Davidson’s argument against the possibility of defining truth draws upon the work of Tarski. However, Tarski’s assumption that the semantic conception of truth holds only for formal languages which are not semantically closed is not as plausible as it seems to be since it can be shown that this would result in the impossibility of formulating a theory of truth, because the epistemological presuppositions of formal semantics undermine any theory of representation of reality in which our cognitions can be true or false representations....   [tags: Philosophy Argumentative Papers]
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The Approach to Nature of Descartes and White - The Approach to Nature of Descartes and White The approach to nature which René Descartes takes is distinct from that of Gilbert White. Descartes and White have similar key methods of examining nature. It is mainly in Descartes’ deductive reasoning and beliefs that lead him to the method of approaching nature internally (mind and body)....   [tags: Papers] 769 words
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Having a Definite Answer to a Question - Having a Definite Answer to a Question Some questions do not have definite answers and are usually judgments of value. This means that they cannot be proved true or false, they include; religious judgments, aesthetic judgments and moral judgments. They aspire to be as definite as judgments of fact. However it is debatable as to whether them not having a definite answer makes them more or less important. We find that as we discover the answers to new scientific questions we can expand our knowledge....   [tags: Papers] 1199 words
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Sir Karl Popper's Falsifiability Claim - Sir Karl Popper's Falsifiability Claim Popper's claim that "the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability" (Klemke, 1988) may be viewed as an observation of, rather than a complete departure from, earlier criteria for science. Klemke states in his introduction to part one (p. 16) that defining science (or the scientific method) has traditionally consisted of utilizing seven criteria that must be met in a specific order. Criteria number (5) and (6) refer to deduction rather than induction, and will negate criterion (4) if not met....   [tags: Sir Karl Popper Science Essays] 765 words
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The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time by Mark Haddon - The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time is told through the eyes of a fifteen year old boy named Christopher Boone. Christopher has a highly-functioning form of autism which allows him to understand complex mathematical problems, but also leaves him unable to comprehend many simple human emotions. His inability to understand metaphors, distinguish emotions, and his lack of imagination makes it possible to consider Christopher as functioning like a computer rather than functioning as a human being....   [tags: Mark Haddon Novel Review] 991 words
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Faithful and Fruitful Logic - Faithful and Fruitful Logic Appropriate for a conference relating philosophy and education, we seek ways more faithful than the truth-functional (TF) hook to understand and represent that ordinary-language conditional which we use in, e.g., modus ponens, and that conditional’s remote and counterfactual counterparts, and also the proper negations of all three. Such a logic might obviate the paradoxes caused by T-F representation, and be educationally fruitful. William and Martha Kneale and Gilbert Ryle assist us: "In the hypothetical case in which p, it is inferable, on the basis that p and at least in the given context, that q." "Inferable" is explained....   [tags: Logic Philosophy Papers] 3200 words
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Research Framework - Research Framework 3 Research Methodology: 3.1 Research philosophy: The philosophy of research can be divided into two broad methods of reasoning; deductive and inductive researches. These two methods of reasoning are different in a way to conduct research. Inductive reasoning is more open-ended and used to understand of new or unknown phenomena. The theory usually follows data and the finding is difficult to replicate. In contrast, deductive reasoning is narrower in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses....   [tags: Business Management ] 1951 words
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