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McTaggart's Argument Evaluation - McTaggart's Argument Evaluation McTaggart takes a bold step in trying to disprove the existence of a phenomenon as taken for granted and unquestioned as breathing when he tackles the issue of time. If for no other reason, this quest is extremely daring in its scope, because he chooses to question an entity whose reality has probably never crossed most people’s minds.      McTaggart’s goal in his paper is, on a large scale, to prove that time does not exist. We will, however, be tackling the aspect of time known as the A-Series in this essay....   [tags: McTaggart Time Existence Essays] 1166 words
(3.3 pages)
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An Argument for Abortion - Pro-Abortion over Pro-life An unborn child doesn’t have a soul A sixteen year old walks down a nameless back alley on the mainland, one of only a million others, and she carries with her an unborn child of 4 months. She had tried to hide it but the signs were finally showing, “Who was the father” were the cries and pleas of those whom she loved. She was raped a year ago by her ex-boyfriend and now carries their unwanted child. Should she be forced to carry and care for the child she hadn’t planned for....   [tags: essays research papers] 599 words
(1.7 pages)
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The Strength of the Teological Argument due to Science - The Strength of the Teological Argument due to Science Science does give us more and more information about the universe, but it doesn’t believe in God or god as the designer of the universe as there is no scientific evidence for the existent of God. But learning more about the universe does show us that there is an order in the universe, which strengthens the teological argument. The Design argument is a theory based on the idea that everything in the Universe is ordered. It is also known as the Teological argument, derived from the Greek word "telos" meaning "end" or "purpose." The basic and fundamental proposal of the design argument is that because of the appa...   [tags: Papers] 1254 words
(3.6 pages)
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Anselms Ontological Argument - As a theologian and philosopher, Saint Anselm strove to prove the existence of God in reality. The bulk of his argument is found in Chapter II of Proslogium. Anselm begins by defining God as &#8220;a being than which nothing greater can be conceived';. He continues by stating that &#8220;even a fool'; has the capacity to understand this definition of God and that whatever is understood exists in the understanding. Anselm now draws his first intermediate inference based on these initial premises; God must exist in the understanding, and is therefore a possible being....   [tags: essays research papers] 665 words
(1.9 pages)
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Capital Punishment Argument - Capital Punishment Argument In this philosophical study of applied ethics the concept of punishment will be argued using philosophers such as Mill, Bentham and Kant. And the case of John Martin Scripps ‘The tourist from hell’ will be used. The concept of capital punishment as a form of punishment brings about questions such as ‘is there any crime so bad that it permits the state to kill. Does anyone deserve to die for his or her crime. Is the execution a sign that society has failed its responsibilities to all its citizens....   [tags: Papers] 2110 words
(6 pages)
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Descartes' Wax Argument - The purpose of the wax argument is designed to provide a clear and distinct knowledge of “I”, which is the mind, while corporeal things, “whose images are framed by thought, and which the senses themselves imagine are much more distinctly known than this mysterious ‘I’ which does not fall within the imagination” (66). Through the wax argument, Descartes’ demonstrates that corporeal things are perceived neither through our senses nor imagination, but through our intellect alone. In this argument, you will see that there is cause to doubt Descartes’ analysis of the wax and his method of philosophical reasoning....   [tags: Descartes Meditations] 1444 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Argument Essay: Just Don't Do It! - The Argument Paper: Just Don't Do It.   English 101 is incredibly challenging and overwhelming to the typical college student. A narrative reflective essay, an expository essay, a novel, and the Nelson-Denny Reading Comprehension test are all crammed into ten weeks of backbreaking work. However, the most intolerable assignment of all has not even been mentioned yet: the argument paper. Students run around shrieking and cursing when they are handed the assignment. Most of them are enveloped by insanity during the writing process....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics] 607 words
(1.7 pages)
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Kant's Categorical Argument - Kant's Categorical Argument Emanuel Kant was a German Philosopher who lived in the late 18th century and was arguably one of the greatest thinkers of all time. He came up with a guide to morals in direct opposition to the ontological theory. Many people use his ethics as a guide to living a moral life. The topic I shall be discussing is Kant's categorical imperative and the utilitarian's greatest happiness idea. There are significant problems with both ideas. It is apparent however, that alternatives to these two conflicting schools of thought have been offered....   [tags: Papers] 1063 words
(3 pages)
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Erin's Causal Argument - Erin's Causal Argument "Nothing meant more to people who went West in the 1840's and 1850's than mail from home." - National Park Service Pony Express Historic Trail Brochure People moved West for many reasons: the prospect of a new beginning, free land, even Gold. Leaving family behind was a hardship that many settlers dealt with. And at this time, the only way to communicate with those left behind was to write letters. Moving was, and still is, a very traumatic process. Picking up and moving everything you own and leaving behind everything familiar – it was a very trying experience....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 6 Works Cited
1023 words
(2.9 pages)
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Gun Control Argument - Gun Control Argument I would consider myself to be a conservative, although I do share a few liberal beliefs. I am a very firm believer in a free market economy. Where the invisible hand of competition keeps business in check. I believe that this type of business benefits the consumer by keeping prices low and quality high. I also think that some monopolies are beneficial to us. Microsoft for example, has a superior product in which consumers have chosen make it a monopoly. The government should not be able to break up this company, unless it is proven that they are mistreating the consumer....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms] 598 words
(1.7 pages)
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René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God - René Descartes' Argument on the Existence of God The problem with René Descartes' argument about the existence of God has to do with his rationalist deductive reasoning. Descartes deduces that truth about the existence of God lies within his idea of a perfect God and God's essence (as a perfect being who must exist in order to be perfect). A rationalist philosopher, Descartes discounts human knowledge as a product of our sensory data (our senses) but supports the epistemological stance that our knowledge is obtained through the reasoning processes of our own minds....   [tags: Philosophy God Existence Religion Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1537 words
(4.4 pages)
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Descartes' Trademark Argument for God's Existence - Descartes' Trademark Argument for God's Existence The trademark argument (also known as the causal argument) tries to prove Gods existence through the fact that we have an idea of him. This argument rests on Descartes' definition of cause and effect, which he considers a priori. This idea, that God is an infinite being, he reasons is innate left on our brain as his stamp or trademark much like a potter leaves on his pots. "God, at my creation, implanted this idea in me, that it might serve, as it were, for the mark of the workman impressed on his work" This idea of infinity must be innate because a finite thing like a human cannot come up with the idea of something...   [tags: Papers] 749 words
(2.1 pages)
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The Argument Against the National Minimum Wage - The national minimum wage was introduced in the UK in April 1999 by the Labour government. Essentially it formed a major part of their manifesto as it convinced the average population that Labour were beneficial for everybody. However, they would argue against classical economics and suggest there are wide spread benefits to be gained. The main argument is that the NMW would alleviate poverty across the country. This is an equity issue that has constantly concerned society and would go some way to redistribution of income....   [tags: Argumentative Essays, Persuasive Essays] 877 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Argument on the Legalization of Same Sex Marriages - The Argument on the Legalization of Same Sex Marriages The argument over the legalization of same sex marriages is rapidly becoming one of the most vigorously advocated reform subjects in recent law review. Being gay and loving someone is not illegal, but uniting that couple in a legal marriage is rejected by most of society in this country. Each state has had to deal with legal issues concerning same sex marriages to some extent. Most supporters of the ban on gay marriages believe that it would be a strong cause of immorality and corruption of the American family....   [tags: Papers Persuasive Gay Marriage Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
1467 words
(4.2 pages)
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Argument of Alfarabi’s Book of Religion - Argument of Alfarabi’s Book of Religion For this paper I reviewed four works by the philosopher Abu Nasr al-Farabi (864-933d ce). These were the Enumeration of the Sciences, the Book of Religion, Selected Aphorisms, andthe Attainment of Happiness. Three of these were new translations by Ch. E. Butterworth, the fourth Attainment of Happiness: is from the anthology Medieval Political Philosophy edited by Ralph Lerner and Muhsin Mahdi, the latter being the translator of the piece. The assignment calls for an analysis of one of the above works....   [tags: ] 4890 words
(14 pages)
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Gaia: Argument over a single word - Gaia: Argument over a single word THESIS: Life on earth has been considered by some as a purposeful interaction tending toward ecological stability. However, when the scientific community led by James Lovelock tried to match this concept with science, it was (and continues to be) a dilemma. Introduction Whenever one hears the word Gaia, he or she will also hear life, goddess, purpose, ecology, and undoubtedly controversy. Not many topics have provoked more controversy among the scientific community than the idea that the atmosphere, biosphere, and its living organisms behave as a single system, striving to maintain a stability that is conducive to the existence of life—the so-called Gaia...   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
2075 words
(5.9 pages)
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Argument Against a National Identification System - Argument Against a National Identification System The concept of a national ID card has been debated in the United States for over three decades. In the past, the opposition as well as its allies has been strong. As a result of the September 11th terrorist attacks there has been new interest in the concept of national ID cards. While this idea is not all a new, it is closer to becoming more of a reality than ever, gaining the approval by the key members of congress. Currently the Bush Administration objects this renewed idea, however due to the intense emotion from the recent terrorist attacks the nation is closer to the idea than ever before....   [tags: ID Identification Argumentative Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
1327 words
(3.8 pages)
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Argument for Making Hemp Growth Legal - Argument for Making Hemp Growth Legal There is vast history of hemp as an agricultural crop in the United States. The crop was grown extensively until its ban in 1937. Prior to the ban on hemp the plant was one of the biggest cash crops of the Southern United States. For instance in Kentucky hemp was the biggest cash crop up until 1915. In these southern states hemp was used as a rotation crop between tobacco crops as well as other crops. Thomas Jefferson even wrote in his own writings that, “Hemp is of first necessity to the wealth and protection of the country.” Jefferson's theories can offer thought on the hemp ban being lifted during World War II because the crop was needed f...   [tags: Argumentative Persusaive Hemp Essays Papers]
:: 10 Works Cited
976 words
(2.8 pages)
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Television and Media Essay - Four Arguments for the Elimination of TV - Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television Television technology has been a controversial issue since its debut in the early 1940s. In order to fully understand any controversial issue, one must be presented with both the pro and the con sides of the issue. One must understand and be able to argue both sides of the issue in order to become a successful and well-educated person. Being a member of the pro-technological society, one is well educated on the pro side of this issue....   [tags: Media Argumentative Persuasive Argument] 2657 words
(7.6 pages)
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John Searle's Chinese Room Argument - John Searle's Chinese Room Argument The purpose of this paper is to present John Searle’s Chinese room argument in which it challenges the notions of the computational paradigm, specifically the ability of intentionality. Then I will outline two of the commentaries following, the first by Bruce Bridgeman, which is in opposition to Searle and uses the super robot to exemplify his point. Then I will discuss John Eccles’ response, which entails a general agreement with Searle with a few objections to definitions and comparisons....   [tags: Papers] 1990 words
(5.7 pages)
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Dynamics of History as Argument for Biblical Theology - In this point we explore how Edwards related the dynamics of history, location and time, as arguments for Biblical Theology or for his Work of Redemption. Edwards believed that redemption is inextricable from history and vice versa. However it would take him many years to develop this connection into a coherent philosophy and theology of salvation history. Edwards faced the acute problem how to demonstrate God’s sovereignty and redemptive activity in an evolving age. In this respect it was difficult to reconstruct the series temporum (stages of time) from God’s redemptive plan....   [tags: theology]
:: 6 Works Cited
1830 words
(5.2 pages)
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Psychology's Argument of Nature, Nurture, or Both? - ... There have been countless of twin studies, showing that genetics does play a role in human development, but on the empiricist’s behalf, there have also been many cases, like Oxana Malaya, who was practically raised by dogs because of her parent’s abandonment and started to behave like the dogs after a prolonged period of time. Although both sides of the debate show great evidence whether if nature or nurture results in development, nature and nurture both play a direct role in human development....   [tags: human development, characteristics, behavior] 610 words
(1.7 pages)
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Examining the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Argument for the Existence of God Based on Religious Experience - A religious experience is an event which brings about an encounter between God and the experient. It is a communication between God and the individual which brings about an overwhelming awareness of God. As a result, the experient may undergo a conversion, may believe they have received a revelation or feel called to fulfil a divine commission or spiritual responsibility. But a question that would arise is whether there are strong grounds that suggest that such experiences prove the existence of God....   [tags: theology, religion] 684 words
(2 pages)
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An Evaluation of Descartes' Argument that an Evil Demon Manipulates through Senses - I. Introduction This paper is an evaluation of the argument Descartes presents about the possibility of the influence of an evil demon influencing manipulating and deceiving us through our senses. The second section is to describe the method of doubt and how it progresses to the third section which evaluates the progression through the evil spirit argument. Fourth, is how one can take both the method of doubt and the evil spirit argument and come to the conclusion that one still exists and is a thinking being....   [tags: meditation, doubt, spirit] 1074 words
(3.1 pages)
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Reconstruction of Aristotle's Argument from Physics Book 2, Chapter 8. - In this paper, I offer a reconstruction of Aristotle’s argument from Physics Book 2, chapter 8, 199a9. Aristotle in this chapter tries to make an analogy between nature and action to establish that both, nature and action, have an end. This argument developed as a respond to natural philosophers, who argue that the results of nature/natural processes occur just by accident but not for an end (198b16). Aristotle argues that events and results that come to be by chance only are present a few times....   [tags: the end of nature and action] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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Frankenstein's Origin: Assessing Thompson's Argument for the Creature's Literary Ancestors - The greatest modern stories often hail from ancient myths, and Mary Shelley's novel, Frankenstein, proves no exception to this claim. Replete with references to John Milton's Paradise Lost and the ancient Greek myth of Prometheus, the story of Frankenstein seems, in many ways, very much like the Creature himself—which is to say, cobbled together from various scraps of previously existing parts. Terry W. Thompson, however, argues convincingly that scholars continue to ignore one of Frankenstein's most influential literary antecedents: the Greek hero known as Hercules (Thompson 36)....   [tags: Literary Analysis]
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1434 words
(4.1 pages)
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Analyze an argument Stanley Fish: Save the world on your own time - Higher educational systems allow students to adapt more to both theoretical and practical knowledge. Universities around the world offer programs of different criteria for their students. Civic engagement programs allow students to become a part of their community, which improves students’ social and moral experiences. Students who are civically engaged develop a series of skills apart from their education. Stanley Fish, an American literary theorist and a public intellectual writes and argues about the progression of education....   [tags: literary analysis, civic engagement]
:: 1 Works Cited
1513 words
(4.3 pages)
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No “More” Socialism: Debunking Raphael Hythlodaeus’ Argument Against Private Property - George Orwell, in his famous essay, “Why Socialists Don’t Believe in Fun,” aptly described the problem of any Utopian ideal. “It would seem that human beings are not able to describe, nor perhaps to imagine, happiness except in terms of contrast… Nearly all creators of Utopia have resembled the man who has (a) toothache, and therefore thinks happiness consists in not having a toothache. They wanted to produce a perfect society by an endless continuation of something that had only been valuable because it was temporary” (Orwell)....   [tags: Philosophy]
:: 8 Works Cited
1982 words
(5.7 pages)
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Kripke’s Modal Argument Against Type Identity Theories - Type identity theories are mainly concerned with the premise that the brain and the mind are identical and discuss mental states and reduce them to the physical. Saul Kripke made some influential criticisms to type identity theory. Kripke’s criticisms rely on views about essentialism, modality and possible world semantics, (Hanks) Kripke’s argument is directed at the thesis from Identity theory that each physical state is identical to an undifferentiated mental state, Kripke relies upon the concept of a rigid designator, and the necessity of this rigid designator to disprove statements of identity....   [tags: Saul Kripke, physical state, mental state, brain]
:: 12 Works Cited
1889 words
(5.4 pages)
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'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest' Relation to Foucault's Argument - ... Harding from the movie is an example of what Foucault would describe as a docile body. He is subjected, used, transformed, and improved by Nurse Ratched. He doesn’t fall under the influence of McMurphy like some of the other patients do, at least right away. He was always scared to change the routine that Nurse Ratched set in stone for them. He was unsure whether or not to vote for the change of watching the World Series rather than having the mentoring session. Also, there was a scene where he stood up and raised his voice during a session but quickly realized what he had done and continuously pleaded that he was sorry to Nurse Ratched because he knew he wasn’t supposed to do that....   [tags: film analysis]
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1606 words
(4.6 pages)
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John Locke's Social Contract and Natural Rights Argument in Relation to Free Will - John Locke’s Social Contract and Natural Rights Argument in Relation to Free Will One of the most significant philosophical and political issues for humanity is the conflict of freedom and security. This is often referred to as a balance between the two. This issue has been prevalent for as long as we have had society. In this paper I will discuss some of the theories of the 17th century English philosopher John Locke in his Second Treatise of Government and how they apply to this situation. I plan to then relate his arguments to the problem of free will....   [tags: phylosophical and political issues, freedom, ]
:: 5 Works Cited
2140 words
(6.1 pages)
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Rene Descartes’s Trademark Argument States that God is the Center of the World - ... He also thinks that because God created human with a working mind and a functional sensory system, he does not wish to deceive him or her. So when he talks about how God has bestowed his concurrence, or allowed humans to exist, he denotes that he had previously established laws of nature, allowing it to function as it would without any outside influence, or deception. That this reality can hold true, and humans can continue to exist and flourish, is justification - God’s eyes - of his almighty creation....   [tags: creation, metaphysics, perfection]
:: 1 Works Cited
859 words
(2.5 pages)
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Does Aristotle’s Function Argument Offer a Convincing Account of the Human Good? - The Nicomachean Ethics, written by Aristotle, represents his most important contribution within the field of Ethics; it is a collection of ten books, covering a variety of interesting topics, throughout the collection. Aristotle tries to draw a general understanding of the human good, exploring the causes of human actions, trying to identify the most common ultimate purpose of human actions. Indeed, Aristotelian’s ethics, also investigates through the psychological and the spiritual realms of human beings....   [tags: philosophy, ethics, eudaimonia]
:: 8 Works Cited
1843 words
(5.3 pages)
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Analysis of Evil in Peter Van Inwagen´sThe Argument from Evil - ... This implies either God is not omnipotent and so is unable to bring about the greater good or if He is omnipotent then this reply implies a moral imperfection. Therefore, Inwagen admits, his defense must include “…the proposition that God was unable bring about the greater goods without allowing evils…” (Reason and Responsibility, 110). Secondly, a theist may reply that there is evil in this world because it allows for an understanding of good. However, Inwagen again notes God’s omnipotence which could teach this contrast through something less evil, such as vivid nightmares....   [tags: Free Will, Agency, Deity] 1218 words
(3.5 pages)
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Argument Analysis of Brain, Interrupted, by Bob Sullivan and Hugh Thompson - ... The authors could have presented the subject without giving the impression that switching back and forth between tasks can make us “dumber” (Sullivan and Thompson). They could have given a euphemism to lower the audience’s chances of becoming defensive and be more open minded. By increasing their professionalism, they can reach their target audience, upper middle class and upper class, that read The New York Times and have the ability to persuade people to avoid multitasking. The article presents itself casually at first, but then more professional later on as it proceeds to further explain and backup their claim that distractions such as text messages, can affect our brain activity....   [tags: multitasking, technology, distractions]
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772 words
(2.2 pages)
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Methods of Persuasion Used in Two Articles - Many innocent animals endure insensitive pain that may result to death. Thousands of animals are being tested on for company’s products. In the labs, products such as drugs and cosmetic are being tested on animals before it is determined safe for humans to use. Some may say that this is the best way for it provides safety for humans and no one is harmed. On the other hand, there are others who feel animals are the ones being harmed and we do not have the right to use them as test subjects. In the two articles, “Animal Experimentation Is Necessary to Ensure Product Safety” by Partners in Research (PIR) and “Using Animals for Medical Testing Is Unethical and Unnecessary” by People for the Et...   [tags: Argument Analysis]
:: 2 Works Cited
955 words
(2.7 pages)
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School Uniforms: Dealing With Discrimination & Upholding Individuality - One click on High School Musical, one flip on Seventeen Magazine, and one walk at a school hallway are all it takes to make a student be aware of how hell it feels like to be stared at and insulted by the other students if he/she wears this humongous thick glasses, knee-high socks, and clothes repeated last week. Media has influenced a lot of today’s trends and ideologies. Adolescents, being on the psychological level of self-identification, bring this perspective of fashion and social classes at school....   [tags: Education, argument]
:: 7 Works Cited
1642 words
(4.7 pages)
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Key Features of the Design Argument for the Existence of God - Key Features of the Design Argument for the Existence of God Design arguments seek to move from facts about the world to the existence of God. As such they are inductive, a posteriori arguments. The Design argument is actually a broad title under which a number of arguments fall. Swinburne in his book 'The Existence of God' suggests three different groupings of these arguments. There are Teleological arguments which argue from what is seen as a general pattern of order in the Universe....   [tags: Papers] 1385 words
(4 pages)
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The Success of the Kalam Cosmological Argument in Establishing an Existence in God - The Success of the Kalam Cosmological Argument in Establishing an Existence in God The kalam cosmological argument is an argument from the existence of the world or universe- to the existence of God, I think this is effective because the existence of the universe, such arguments claim, stands in need of explanation, the only adequate explanation, the arguments suggest, is that it was created by God. This is because it says that everything that has a beginning of its existence has a cause of its existence and the universe has a beginning of it’s existence; so it must have a cause to exist, and this cause is God, therefore God exists....   [tags: Papers] 531 words
(1.5 pages)
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Key Features of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God - Key Features of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The word Cosmological argument comes from the word cosmos, which refers to the world or universe as a well-organized and perfect system. The cosmological argument is a classic argument, which tries to prove the existence of God, and this argument is based on the fact that the world’s existence needs to be explained. The cosmological argument is an argument that starts from the existence of the universe, to try and prove that God exists....   [tags: Papers] 561 words
(1.6 pages)
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Exploring the Possibility of Updating the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God - Exploring the Possibility of Updating the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The term cosmological comes from the Greek language, meaning ‘world’ or ‘universe.’ The argument is based on facts about the world. The topic of cosmology refers to the study of the universe. The cosmological argument begins with a general claim about the physical universe e.g. that some events have causes and that there must be a supernatural agent to somehow explain this fact. The argument seems to say that there cannot be an infinite series of causes, they have to stop somewhere....   [tags: Papers] 903 words
(2.6 pages)
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The Motionless Arrow: Aristotles Thoughts On Zenos Arror Argument - The Motionless Arrow: Aristotle's Thoughts on Zeno's Arror Argument Aristotle's thoughts on Zeno's Arrow Argument as represented in Chapter 9 of Aristotle's Physics: A Guided Study can be understood in such a way that it might not be "next door to madness". In this chapter, Aristotle interprets Zeno's argument of the Flying Arrow as "missing the mark". There are four premises for this argument, and in Aristotle's opinion, premise three can be rejected. He does not believe that time is composed of indivisible nows, which he proves with laws of science....   [tags: essays research papers] 935 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Various Forms of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God - The Various Forms of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The cosmological argument is a well established argument for the existence of God and it is also known as the first cause argument. The cosmological argument is based upon the belief that there is a first cause behind the existence of universe and this was God. It has taken many forms and in the past has been presented in many ways. So many philosophers have put their points across, philosophers like; Plato, Aquinas, Socrates, Hume, Kant and many more....   [tags: Papers] 1552 words
(4.4 pages)
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A Conservative Argument against Stem Cell Research - A Conservative Argument against Stem Cell Research For the past few years stem cell research has been a widely debated topic; however, former President Clinton?s stance?allowing federal money to be spent on tightly controlled stem cell research?lead to intense debates over federal funding for stem cell research. There are four ways of obtaining stem cells, which are taken from embryos that are approximately one week old. They are using unwanted embryos from fertility clinics, embryos from aborted fetuses, cloned embryos, and embryos created for research purposes....   [tags: Stem Cell Research Essays Papers]
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1166 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Key Ideas of the Cosmological Argument for the Creation of God - The Key Ideas of the Cosmological Argument for the Creation of God There are three key ideas in the cosmological argument each view is written by a different philosopher and has a different view of the reasons for existence. Lets have a look at the different views. Thomas Aquinas was one of the greatest theologians the world had ever seen. He believed that Aristotle’s philosophy was a better foundation of Christianity than Plato’s theories were. Aquinas believed that to prove gods existence people only had to look at the world around them, the world couldn’t exist, as it is if there wasn’t an ultimate force behind it all; this force is called god....   [tags: Papers] 854 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Lesser of Two Evils - ... As I was getting a whooping all I could hear was my mother’s voice echo in my head telling me do not lie or else you will get in trouble. This is very similar to how Joseph S Ellin believes the act of Lying is always wrong in any situation however deceiving sometime is acceptable. Trust me, after that whooping I received from my mother I completely agree with his argument. Joseph S. Ellin is currently a professor of Philosophy at Western Michigan. In his own words Ellin defines lying as “any statement a speaker believes to be false” (Ellin 167)....   [tags: argument evaluationpaper] 1494 words
(4.3 pages)
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The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God - The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God by looking at the universe. It is an A posteriori proof based on experience and the observation of the world not logic so the outcome is probable or possible not definite. The argument is in three forms; motion, causation and being. These are also the first three ways in the five ways presented by Aquinas through which he believed the existence of God could be shown....   [tags: Philosophy Religion] 800 words
(2.3 pages)
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Shedding a Different Spotlight on the Argument from Design - Shedding a Different Spotlight on the Argument from Design "Author is to book, as painter is to __________." Anyone who has taken the SAT is familiar with analogies similar to this one. The significance of analogies relies on the fact that analogies not only tell us about the meaning of words, but they tell us about the relationships of the world. In discussing our world, a well-known, much-debated topic has been the existence of God. Many arguments have been presented on both sides of this issue, the teleological argument (the argument from design) is one of the most discussed....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited
3330 words
(9.5 pages)
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Separation of Church and State - ... By doing this religion is able to be within the government as well as long as they don’t try to force people to convert into their beliefs. Second point of Locke’s is the true persuasion of a person cannot be forced upon a person. However the government can use arguments to defend their own specific religion or faith. So while the government is able to promote its own beliefs it cannot force its belief on anyone that does not follow their faith. They also cannot teach you about their faith, you shouldn’t trust what they have to say instead do your own research on the matter....   [tags: Locke's argument] 693 words
(2 pages)
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The Major Features of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - The Major Features of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument for the existence of God was originally set out in eleventh century by St. Anselm in his Proslogian. Anselm was a Benedictine monk, Archbishop of Canterbury, and one of the great medieval theologians. It has received a lot of both support and criticism from leaning philosophers. The argument is appeals to those who already believe in the existence of God than to an atheist. The argument is entirely a priori; it seeks to demonstrate that God exists on the basis of that concept alone, and show existence as an attribute/characteristic of God, in the same way omnipotence a...   [tags: Papers] 1019 words
(2.9 pages)
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Teaching Argument Evaluation in An Introductory Philosophy Course - Teaching Argument Evaluation in An Introductory Philosophy Course ABSTRACT: One of the greatest challenges in teaching an introductory philosophy course is convincing students that there are, indeed, reliable standards for the evaluation of arguments. Too often introductory students criticize an argument simply by contesting the truth of one of its claims. And far too often, the only claim in an argument that meets serious objections is its conclusion. For many students, the idea that an argument displays a structure which can be evaluated on its own terms is not very difficult to grasp....   [tags: Education Teacher Learning Essays] 3643 words
(10.4 pages)
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The Reasons Why Some Thinkers Rejected the Cosmological Argument - The Reasons Why Some Thinkers Rejected the Cosmological Argument Aquinas’s argument was as follows: If the universe was infinite, it would have an infinite number of days. The end of an infinite series of days can never be reached, so today would never arrive. However, today has arrived, so the past cannot be infinite. Time began when the universe began, which was an event. Events are caused; therefore there must have been a first cause. This first cause was God. Tennant said there are things in the world which are contingent....   [tags: Papers] 578 words
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Organization is Crucial When Making a Sound Argument - Organization is Crucial When Making a Sound Argument The development of animal rights organizations in the past century has made hunting a heated topic for debate. Modernization has left the primitive form of hunting and gathering behind as an obsolete form of human survival. With this occurrence one would think that hunting would lose its popularity, but this statement couldn’t be farther from the truth. It has developed more as a sport and participation is still widespread throughout the United States....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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1108 words
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Building a Recreation Center Outline - Crux Argument I think our town needs to support the building of a recreation center rather than a detention center to reduce gang violence. The opportunity to save the troubled youth should not be forgone merely because we chose a facility over another one. Developing a Detention center will add to the problem of gang violence here in this town. Our youth will benefit more from a recreation center where they have the chance to use their energy in a positive way. The recreation center will create a socially stable environment to grow in....   [tags: Crux argument] 687 words
(2 pages)
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The Adequacy of the Moral Argument for Explaining the Existence of God - The Adequacy of the Moral Argument for Explaining the Existence of God The moral argument like many arguments for the existence of God comes in many different forms. All of these set out to prove God’s existence from the evidence of morality in the world. Morality is about understanding the difference between the right and wrong action in a situation, the moral person has this understanding and then acts appropriately. The moral arguments first problem or flaw is that it assumes and works on the principle that the majority of people have some experience of morality....   [tags: Papers] 556 words
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Descartes Skeptical Argument And Reponses By Bouwsma And Malcolm - Descartes' Skeptical Argument and Reponses by Bouwsma and Malcolm In this essay, I will examine Rene Descartes' skeptical argument and responses by O.K. Bouwsma and Norman Malcolm. I intend to prove that while both Bouwsma and Malcolm make points that refute specific parts of Descartes' argument in their criticisms, neither is sufficient in itself to refute the whole. In order to understand Descartes' argument and its sometimes radical ideas, one must have at least a general idea of his motives in undertaking the argument....   [tags: essays research papers] 2359 words
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The Key Ideas of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God - The Key Ideas of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God A) The cosmological argument is to prove the existence of god. In this type of argument we are looking at cause and not design. This type of argument is an aposteriori argument because it is based upon experience. Thomas Aquinas puts the key ideas into 3 ways. First way is, motion/change. Nothing can move by itself or change itself. The first thing to have moved must have been moved by something else and that thing therefore must be God....   [tags: Papers] 1057 words
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Response to Clarence Darrow's Argument in the Henry Sweet Case - Response to Clarence Darrow's Argument in the Henry Sweet Case In responding to Clarence Darrow's arguments in the Henry Sweet case and in the Leopold and Loeb case, there are some considerations that would have to be addressed in the same manner in both cases. The cases however, differ in many ways that would result in very different responses to the cases. An advocate opposing Darrow would face two factors described above. First, simply opposing Darrow creates some necessary response by the advocate, covered by those arguments that remain constant in the two cases....   [tags: Papers] 1787 words
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Key Concepts of Religious Experience as an Argument for the Existence of God - Key Concepts of Religious Experience as an Argument for the Existence of God The argument is of an 'a posterioi' nature, therefore it is inductive. This means the argument uses data and evidence from which conclusions are drawn. The argument of experience must involve a sense of encounter, the experience of the encounter therefore has been seen, felt and sensed and therefore making the experience exist to us (Hume). These experiences seem to be widespread throughout society and therefore can be claimed to be a normal occurrence....   [tags: Papers] 697 words
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A Non-Pacifist Argument Against Capital Punishment - A Non-Pacifist Argument Against Capital Punishment ABSTRACT: In this paper I present a moral argument against capital punishment that does not depend upon the claim that all killing is immoral. The argument is directed primarily against non-philosophers in the Judeo-Christian tradition. Oddly, the moral argument against capital punishment has not been effective in the United States despite the biblical injunction against killing. Religious supporters of the death penalty often invoke a presumed distinction between ‘killing’ and ‘murdering’ and avow that God forbade the latter but not the former....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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Argument Supporting Increased Gun Control in the United States - According to the Coalition for Gun Control, last year a total of 291 people were killed by handguns in Australia, Sweden, Great Britain, Japan, and Switzerland. In the United States more than 24,000 people will be killed by the end of this year. So what is the big difference between the U.S. and these other countries. In these other countries it nearly impossible to buy any kind of gun. In these countries there are no gun shows. In these countries you can’t buy a gun at a pawnshop or your local Wal-Mart....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 769 words
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Argument and Parody in T.S. Eliot's Four Quartets - The Seduction of Argument and the Danger of Parody in T.S. Eliot's Four Quartets Though its more lyrical passages present detailed and evocative imagery, substantial portions of T.S. Eliot's Four Quartets afford no such easy approach. Since the initial appearance of "Burnt Norton" it has been a critical commonplace to regard these portions of the text as at once its most conceptually profound and its most formally prosaic. Of course, the Quartets offer enough cues toward this critical attitude that it may fairly be said to reside within the poem at least as much as it is imposed from without....   [tags: T.S. Eliot Four Quartets]
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Analysis of The Inquisitor's Argument in Dostoevsky's The Brothers Karamazov - Analysis of The Inquisitor's Argument in The Brothers Karamazov      Dostoevsky makes a strong case against Jesus in "The Grand Inquisitor": Jesus did not love humanity sufficiently to care for the greater good of the race.   The majority of people, according to the Grand Inquisitor, are weak and "like sheep." Jesus prized freedom of faith above all else, and because he cared more for that freedom than for the happiness of people, the Grand Inquisitor and the Catholic Church, as led by he Inquisitor, reject Jesus....   [tags: Brothers Karamazov Essays]
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An Argument Against High Salaries in Major League Baseball - An Argument Against High Salaries in Major League Baseball Twenty-five million dollars made per year. Over one hundred fifty-four thousand dollars made per game. Over forty-seven thousand dollars earned per at bat. Sounds a little ridiculous, does it not. That is what current Texas Ranger shortstop Alex Rodriguez earns to play the game of baseball (azcentral.com). Baseball is a game that children have been playing in schoolyards and fields for the past one hundred years. It may not be a game anymore....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive]
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Visual Hallucinations: Another Argument for Brain Equals Behavior - Visual Hallucinations: Another Argument for Brain Equals Behavior A hallucination is defined as a sensory perception in the absence of an externally generated stimulus (4). They are different from illusions in that in an illusion an external object actually exists and is perceived, but is misinterpreted by the individual (4). Main forms of hallucinations are be visual, auditory, and olfactory, but since we have been discussing vision and interpretation of reality lately this paper will focus only on those that are visual....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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The Cognative and Behavioral Effects of Nicotine: An Argument for Brain=Behavior - The Cognative and Behavioral Effects of Nicotine: An Argument for Brain=Behavior For the majority of this class I have been a fence-sitter with 'mystical' leanings. However when I decided to do my paper on smoking, I found in the phenomina of addiction a very strong argument for our brain=behavior hypothesis. In the following essay, I will describe the biological effects of nicotine on the Central Nervous System and some of the resulting behavioral effects. Afterwards I will present thoughts as to why I believe addiction is a very important point to be considered in the question we've been asking since the first day of class....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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King’s Letter Considered a Classic Argument - King’s Letter Considered a Classic Argument After being jailed in the Birmingham city jail, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a Baptist minister who preached nonviolence, wrote this response to a published statement by eight fellow clergymen from Alabama. This letter was not only composed under somewhat constricting circumstances but was written in a way that can be analyzed to be considered as a classic argument. Not only does it contain the five elements needed in a rhetorical situation, but the letter includes the six parts of an argument, the five types of claims, and even the three types of proofs....   [tags: Martin King Analysis Letter Birmingham] 1268 words
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Argument for Raising the Legal Age of Drinking to 21 - Argument for Raising the Legal Age of Drinking to 21 Madame Chairwoman, and members of the floor, I would like to propose that by raising the legal age of drinking alcohol to 21, not only would there be less underage drinkers, but it would save many lives. You will be shocked to find, that statistics by the British Medicine Association show that the number of drink-driving accidents caused an estimated 560 deaths in 2003. How could anyone argue that we should not raise the drinking age, if we are able to save lives....   [tags: Papers] 432 words
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Hume's Argument on the Distinction Benevolence and Self-love - Hume's Argument on the Distinction Benevolence and Self-love In his Enquiry Concerning the Principle of Morals, Hume rebukes the arguments of skeptical, philosophers who deny the existence of moral distinctions. He doubts that an individual can be so indifferent that he or she is unable to distinguish between right and wrong. Hume believes that the differences between men arise from nature, from habit, and from education. Hume believes no skeptic, no matter how doubtful, can claim that there are absolutely no moral distinctions....   [tags: Papers] 685 words
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King's Argument in A Letter from Birmingham Jail - King's Argument in A Letter from Birmingham Jail In Dr. King's essay 'Letter from Birmingham Jail' he addresses the claims made about his arrest by the eight clergymen. His responses are very long and detailed, giving a very compelling and moving point of view. His letter is directed to his audience, which consists of white middle class citizens who Dr. King refers to as the 'white moderates'. Dr. King's letter is very persuasive because his use of pathos makes the audience think or imagine themselves in the situation....   [tags: Luther King Birmingham Jail Essays Papers]
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An Argument For Gay Marriage -   The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Constitution guarantees a right to same-sex marriage. Yet, same-sex marriage continues to be a highly debated issue that leaves our society searching for answers. As a child, I was brought up in a Christian home, where Christian ethics and values were instilled in me. I was always taught that you should obey your parents and God, that you should not lie, cheat, or steal, and that God was always watching you; I was also taught that homosexuality was wrong....   [tags: Persuasive Essays, Argumentative Essay] 739 words
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Pro-Choice Argument - Thou shalt not kill; one-tenth of what may arguably be the most famous guidelines of morality in the western culture, and also the main driving force for pro-life advocates. The argument supporting their beliefs typically starts with the premises that a fetus is a person, and to destroy or to kill a person is unethical. Therefore abortion, the premeditated destruction of a human being, is murder, and consequently unethical. I deny the fact that the fetus, what I will refer to as an embryo up to 22 weeks old, has the right to live....   [tags: Abortion, Argumentative, Pro-Choice 2014]
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3494 words
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Argument of the Hume's Response to the Missing Shade of Blue - In this essay, I will argue that Hume’s response to the “missing shade of blue” example is satisfactory. Firstly, I shall explain Hume’s account of the relationship between impressions and ideas and the copy principle. I shall then examine the “missing shade of blue” and its relation to this account. I shall then explore Hume’s response to his own counter-example and evaluate his position by considering possible objections and responses to his view. I shall then show why Hume’s response to the “missing shade of blue” example is satisfactory....   [tags: atomism, non-genetic thesis,copy principle]
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Katha Pollitt's Argument About Media Being Biased Against Liberals and Allan Levite's Argument That Media Is Biased Against Conservatives - Katha Pollitt's Argument About Media Being Biased Against Liberals and Allan Levite's Argument That Media Is Biased Against Conservatives In the nation Katha Pollitt argues in her article "Kissing & Telling" that the media is against liberals, and or her views. Allan Levite in his article for the National review, "Bias Basics," Levite argues that the medial is biased against conservatives. Both authors present arguments with deficiencies. They both have motives to be biased....   [tags: essays research papers] 1439 words
(4.1 pages)
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Essentials Of Argument - Upon considering this assignment, many ideas have developed and then been re-developed to address the points that are the desired outcome. The opportunity to have one’s personal thoughts considered and applied for persuasive analysis over any academic achievement deserves much thought. Additionally, to reflect upon each assignment, provide honest analysis, and determine the real worth as personally valued, is not as easy as one may think. As with any subjective process, it is necessary to explore many avenues to ascertain the best evidentiary route....   [tags: Writing Style, Assignment]
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Argument For Euthanasia - Euthanasia - the termination of a person's life with the aim of getting rid of his pain and suffering with an incurable disease (Euthanasia).Currently adult euthanasia legalized in different forms in countries such as Colombia and Japan, as well as the U.S. states of Oregon, Vermont and Washington, and in some European countries: namely, Netherland and Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland(Belgium has taken the unprecedented law on child euthanasia).At this time, the topic of euthanasia is very relevant, as pass many debates on this subject and its resolution....   [tags: Pro Assisted Suicide, Right to Die]
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Advancing the Argument, Analyzing Modes of Persuasion in Edward I. Koch’s 1985 Essay “Death and Justice” - What does rhetoric have to do with capital punishment. Plenty actually if you want to advance an argument as well as Edward I. Koch has in his compelling essay in support of the death penalty. Koch is introduced by the editors of the book containing his essay as “The feisty, opinionated mayor of New York City…” (handout). The editors continue describing Koch’s character and abilities as they point out that he is politician with a law degree and experience as a lawyer. More specifically that he was a leader for the Democratic Party and then a congressman (handout)....   [tags: rhetoric, capital punishment]
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Comparing Edwards' Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God and Patrick Henry's Speech in the Virginia Convention: Who Made the Best Argument? - Jonathan Edwards creates a more effective argument for the intended audience in “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” than “The Speech in the Virginia Convention” written by Patrick Henry, by utilizing various techniques. Patrick Henry makes a strong argument however in the end, Edwards’ sermon grows to be more effective. Edwards creates the argument by strengthening the writing through tone, structure, fallacies and knowledge of the congregation that became his audience. Henry’s piece uses methods of oratory persuasion but the actual topic of “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” has an advantage from the start by appealing to fear, a fallacy of logic....   [tags: compare/contrast, ] 737 words
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State and Evaluate Aristotle's Function Argument that Happiness Is an Objective Feature of the Characteristic Activity of Human Being. - The happiness is an objective feature of the characteristic activity of human being. Thus, whatever human being’s activity is the final goal is achieve or gain happiness. Many people works for money or their belief, but in fact both money of belief let them get happiness and that why they continues their current career. And I find that the following considerations will provide a convincing argument for happiness is an objective feature of the characteristic activity of human being. First at all, all human activities aim at some good....   [tags: philosophical analysis] 623 words
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Dale (2007) argues that quality and service improvements lead to enhanced company revenues and higher margins. Discuss Dale’s argument. - Introduction Many companies have benefited from improvements of quality and service both internal and external aspect in global market which performance in company revenues increasing, higher margins, cost reduction, reputation of the company enhancement and some other positive effects on social or public perception. However, quality is an item that has visible and invisible inherent characteristics which can satisfy customers’ requirements (Dale, 2003). Therefore, quality of product is fundamental to firms, customer satisfaction will affect the profit of companies directly and quality improvement strategy is an effective approach to get financial return....   [tags: Business Management ]
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