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The Argument for Licensing Parents Needs Revisions - In the essay Licensing Parents, LaFollette argues that the state should require all parents to be licensed (182). Though LaFollette considers some theoretical and practical objections to his claim, he gives no particular attention to how parenting could be precisely defined as potentially harmful to children, what specific competence would be required for parenting to be done safely, and how reliably such competence could be determined. In this paper, I maintain that, since LaFollette’s argument does not provide an adequate clarification of the definition of harm and the attributes of competence, his argument needs serious revision....   [tags: harmful policy, objections, punishment]
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1586 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Argument for Shakespeare Being the Real Author - Ever since the author's background has been questioned, scholars and other people have debated over who wrote the famous plays and sonnets that have the name William Shakespeare signed on them. Many alternative candidates have been presented, such as Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford. However, these people do not have strong or valid arguments to support their theories. Based on biographical evidence, Shakespeare, not Edward de Vere, most likely wrote Shakespearean works. The arguments for other candidates like de Vere are not strong enough to show that Shakespeare did not write Shakespearean works....   [tags: oxford, hamlet]
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1516 words
(4.3 pages)
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Argument Analysis: Euthanasia and the Right to Die - The right to die and euthanasia, also known as physician-assisted suicide, have long been topics of passionate debate. Euthanasia is simply mercy killing while the phrase “physician-assisted suicide” regards the administering or the provision of lethal means to aid in the ending of a person’s life. The right to die entails the belief that if humans have the governmental and natural right to live and to prolong their lives then they should also have the right to end their life whenever desired. Articles such as Gary Cartwright’s “Last Rights” and Margaret Somerville’s “The Role of Death” provide the life support for these two topics will likely never fade away....   [tags: Euthanasia Essays]
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1034 words
(3 pages)
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St. Thomas Aquinas' Cosmological Argument - Among the three arguments to prove God's existence, I find Aquinas's cosmological argument well-grounded in empirical evidence, and that the focus on simple facts proves acceptable in both historical and scientific dimensions. Aquinas starts by stating the preliminary matter that God's existence is not self-evident, and therefore we need to examine God's effects, which we are able to observe, to prove God's existence, although we are not able to understand God's nature perfectly. Aquinas provides five ways demonstrate the existence of a transcendent being through empirical evidence....   [tags: Existence of God] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
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Costello's Argument Against the Slaughter of Animals - a valid comparison. Why/Why Not. We have closed our hearts to animals, Costello concludes, and our minds follow our hearts (or more strictly speaking, our sympathies). Philosophy, (Costello argues) is powerless in its ability to push society in the right direction as it fails to engage with one`s sympathies. Ironically, the burden is placed on something other than one`s rational dimensions, in which philosophy so frequently refers to. Our sympathetic imaginations, to which poetry and fiction appeal more than philosophy, should extend to other animals....   [tags: Animal Rights] 824 words
(2.4 pages)
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David Hume's Argument on Passion and Morality - Why is incest deplorable amongst humans, but not for dogs. What makes it acceptable for a man to kill a deer, but wrong if he kills another man. Why do these lines get drawn between humans and animals. David Hume has an answer to these questions. Though many philosophers, like Saint Augustine, argue that humans are morally different from animals because of their capability to reason, Hume states that it is passion and sentiment that determines morality. In his book, Treatise with Human Nature, Hume claims that vice and virtue stems from the pleasure or pain we, mankind, feel in response to an action not from the facts that we observe (Hume, 218)....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]
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1149 words
(3.3 pages)
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Abortion: Pro-Choice is the Logical Argument - The controversy surrounding the ethicality of abortions has been a hotly debated topic during the past several decades. In the Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade, the Court ruled that women had the constitutional right to seek abortions; however, in 1989, the Court later decided that each state had the right to set its own abortion policy. Heated disagreements and different perspectives have led to the creation of two different movements: the prochoice movement and the prolife movement. The former supports abortion, the intentional ending of a pregnancy, while the latter claims that abortion is immoral....   [tags: Argumentative Essay, Persuasive Essay] 853 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Argument Against Nozick's 'Distributive Justice - Argument Against Nozick’s Distributive Justice Robert Nozick argues in his Entitlement Theory that there are three main topics in the justice of holdings: the acquisition of ‘un-held things’, the transfer of holdings, and the rectification of injustice in holdings.1 Nozick’s theory of what makes a transfer of holdings ‘just’ should be rejected for two key reasons and the rectification of injustice of holdings should be rejected for two key reasons. Robert Nozick declares a transfer of holdings just if the exchange is voluntary and if the holding being exchanged was originally acquired by just means.2 The first key point of this argument that should be rejected is the fact that the grounds...   [tags: Law]
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880 words
(2.5 pages)
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Abortion: Pro-Life is the Logical Argument - Suppose your mother was not planning on having a child when she was pregnant with you. Suppose your father was abusive to her. Suppose she was not even ready to be a mother or prepared to have a baby. Aren’t you still glad that she didn’t put her right to choose what goes on within her body before your right to life. Ronald Reagan once said, “I've noticed that everybody that is for abortion has already been born” (qtd. “Quotations about Abortion”). Because a fetus is a human being from the moment of conception, aborting is murder and therefore it should be just as illegal as taking the life of a grown human is....   [tags: Argumentative Essay, Persuasive Essay] 1568 words
(4.5 pages)
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Argument Against Native Sovereignty in Canda - This paper supports Thomas Flanagan's argument against Native sovereignty in Canada; through an evaluation of the meanings of sovereignty it is clear that Native sovereignty can not coexist with Canadian sovereignty. Flanagan outlines two main interpretations of sovereignty. Through an analysis of these ideas it is clear that Native Sovereignty in Canada can not coexist with Canadian sovereignty. The first interpretation of sovereignty that is examined by Flanagan views sovereignty in an international sense....   [tags: Canadian Politics, Thomas Flanagan] 2281 words
(6.5 pages)
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Searle’s Argument against Free Will - Searle’s argument is one against humans having free will. The conclusion comes from his view on determinism and his view on substances. His view on substances is a materialist one. To him, the entire world is composed of material substances. All occurrences can be explained by these materials. This is a view that is very attuned with (accepting) determinism. Determinism states that necessary causes must be for the occurrence to be. This deterministic cause and effect relationship is apparent in the physical world....   [tags: Philosophy] 1849 words
(5.3 pages)
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Pop Culture Argument: Social Networking - My argument against social networking will give people some insight to my point of view in regards to why I feel it is harmful to individuals for several reasons. I will start by saying when these networks were first developed their mission was quite honorable and simple. Social networking was a place for people to just meet and converse in general. We are now living in an age of technology where the information contained on these sites is now being used against us. I am specifically talking about the integrity of the information that these sites currently hold on its’ members....   [tags: Social Networking, Facebook] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Ontological Argument - The Ontological Argument The Ontological argument is a group of different philosophers arguments for the existence of God. "Ontological" literally means talking about being and so in this case, that being is the existence or being of God. The main component of the Ontological argument can be found in the Anselm’s "Proslogion" which is a short work that tries to demonstrate both the existence and the nature of God. His main aim in writing the Proslogion is not to directly prove the existence of God but to moreover, to show the relationship between faith and reason....   [tags: social issues] 1591 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Ontological Argument - The Ontological Argument In Anselm's ontological argument he is trying to prove the existence of God, his argument is an argument purely based on the mind and does not require the moral agent to venture into the real of the senses. Ontology is to do with being, or what something is. Anselm's ontological argument concerns existence and whether it is an attribute of God in the same way omnipotence, omniscience and benevolence are believed to be. The argument is an a priori argument....   [tags: Philosophy Religion] 681 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Cosmological Argument - The Cosmological Argument The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument 1. Things exist. 2. It is possible for those things to not exist. 3. Whatever has the possibility of non existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist....   [tags: Papers] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Design Argument - The Design Argument The design argument has been argued by many philosophers over hundreds of years. The design argument suggests that the world displays elements of design, with things being adapted towards some overall end or purpose and such design suggests that the world is the work of a designer - God. Two of the main philosophers to argue this point were Aquinas and Paley but many others since have tried to back these up with there own approaches for example Swinburne with the argument from probability....   [tags: Papers] 658 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Argument Culture - On any given night when watching the news, there are bound to be a number of stories involving arguments. Usually there are two sides to each point of contention, and both sides seem unable to compromise. But there are also a large number of times when the media examines stories which are not argumentative, sometimes regarding fact, possibly human interest. This mix represents the multiple ways we view the world. Without a doubt, the argument culture to which Deborah Tannen refers in The Argument Culture exists, but it is nevertheless countered by a distinct interest in goodness and compromise rather than strictly confrontation....   [tags: Deborah Tannen] 414 words
(1.2 pages)
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The Design Argument - The Design Argument The name teleological is derived from the Greek word ‘telos’ meaning ‘end’ or ‘purpose’. Thus nature is viewed as directed in order that something beneficial may result. More popularly it is referred to as the ‘argument from design’, but this wording assumes the very thing that has to be proved. A better description would be the ‘argument for design’. This argument is by far the most popular and most often expressed by people....   [tags: Papers] 1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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The Ontological Argument - The Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument, put forth by Saint Anselm in his Proslogium, attempts to prove the existence of God simply by the fact that we have a particular concept of God - that God is "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." Saint Anselm presents a convincing argument that many people view as the work of a genius. It is also quite often considered a failure because, in William L. Rowe's words, "In granting that Anselm's God is a possible thing we are in fact granting that Anselm's God actually exists." In other words, it "assumes the point it is supposed to prove", primarily because is assumes that existence is a great-making quality, and for God...   [tags: Philosophy essays] 1436 words
(4.1 pages)
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The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God - The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument Things exist It is possible for those things not to exist Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist....   [tags: The First Cause or Prime Mover] 1012 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument - The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument began with Plato and ever since been defended and attacked by many great philosophers. One of the supporters was Leibniz. The cosmological argument is basically an argument about causation. Its major supporter was Thomas Aquinas though Gotfried Leibniz also put forward a simplified version of Aquinas's cosmological argument. The major critics of the argument have included David Hume and Bertrand Russell who question the basic principle that the argument works from....   [tags: Theology, Philosophy] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
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Analysis of Thrasymachus' Argument in The Republic - Thrasymachus has just stated, "Justice is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger", and is now, at the request of Socrates, clarifying his statement.<p> <i>"'Don't you know that some cities are ruled by tyranny, some by a democracy, and some by an aristocracy?' 'Of Course.' 'And in each city this element is stronger, namely, the ruler?' 'Certainly.' 'And each makes laws to its own advantage. Democracy makes democratic laws, tyranny makes tyrannical laws, and so on with the others. And they declare what they have made - what is to their own advantage - to be just for their subjects, and they punish anyone who goes against this as lawless and unjust....   [tags: Philosophy] 651 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument is an a priori argument. The arguments attempt to prove God's existence from the meaning of the word God. The ontological argument was introduced by Anselm of Canterbury in his book Proslogion. Anselm's classical argument was based on two principals and the two most involved in this is St Anselm of Canterbury as previously mentioned and Rene Descartes. The ontological argument argues that if you understand what it means to talk about God, you will see His existence is necessarily true....   [tags: Theology Religion God Essays Papers] 1544 words
(4.4 pages)
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Teleological Argument for the Existence of God - This paper will examine the argument put forward by William Paley in 1802, in his Natural Theology. Paley offers an argument from design that purports to show a clear and distinct reason why one should hold a belief in God, due to the inherent features of the world. It is attempted in this paper to firstly: show that the argument should be rejected on the grounds of lacking a rationally flowing set of premises and conclusions; and secondly: that the criticisms made by David Hume concerning the argument hold more weight than is generally granted by other philosophers, and should have convinced one even before the advent of Darwinian theory....   [tags: Natural Theology, William Paley] 2089 words
(6 pages)
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God While theology may take God's existence as absolutely necessary on the basis of authority, faith, or discovery, many philosophers have thought it possible to demonstrate by reason that there must be a God. The teleological argument, also known as the argument from design quite simply states that a designer must exist since the universe and living things display elements of design in their order, consistency, unity and pattern. The argument says that things in the world move towards goals, just as the arrow does not move toward its goal except by the archer's directing it....   [tags: Papers] 917 words
(2.6 pages)
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Hegel and Kant on the Ontological Argument - Hegel and Kant on the Ontological Argument ABSTRACT: I intend to present Kant's refutation of the ontological argument as confronted by Hegel's critique of Kant's refutation. The ontological argument can be exposed in a syllogistic way: everything I conceive as belonging clearly and distinctly to the nature or essence of something can be asserted as true of something. I perceive clearly and distinctly that existence belongs to the nature or essence of a perfect being; therefore, existence can be stated as true of a supremely perfect being, that is, perfect being exists....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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1745 words
(5 pages)
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God The basis and structure towards the Design Argument is all about a creator and designer whom set things and planned everything to be the way it is today. Unlike the cosmological argument, the Design Argument is a lot simpler to understand and has simple steps towards it. The main point that the Design Argument claims is the fact that everything in nature seems to be put together in just the right manner suggests that an intelligent designer was responsible for its creation....   [tags: Papers] 691 words
(2 pages)
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The Design Argument For The Existence Of God - The Design Argument For The Existence Of God This argument is also called the teleological argument, it argues that the universe did not come around by mere chance, but some one or something designed it. This thing was God. This argument is a prosteriori because the observation of the natural world is taken into the mind to conclude that there is a designer. The belief that the universe was designed by God was triggered by things like the four seasons; summer, spring, autumn and winter, that change through the year....   [tags: Papers] 1007 words
(2.9 pages)
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Natural Selection and The Design Argument - The Design Argument is quite similar to The Cosmological Argument as it attempts to infer the existence of God, but instead of from the existence of the cosmos it is from a particular aspect or character of the world, namely the presence of order, regularity and purpose. Order, regularity and purpose are seen as marks of design, and the argument concludes that God must be the source of that design. There are various types of Design Arguments, with philosophers giving them different names but the two most well known are The Argument from Design and The Argument to Design....   [tags: Natural Selection Essays] 621 words
(1.8 pages)
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The Argument for the Existence of God - The Argument for the Existence of God It is an undisputed fact that some people claim to have experienced God. It is these religious experiences that have been used by philosophers to argue for the existence of God. The main way of expressing the argument from religious experience is as follows: P1 Someone experiences an entity C1 The entity exists P2 Someone has experienced God C2 God exists Those who champion the argument seek to differentiate ordinary experiences and religious experiences....   [tags: Papers] 1166 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Design Argument for the Existence of God - The Design Argument for the Existence of God The teleological argument is an a posteriori argument. The word teleological comes from the Greek word “teleos” meaning end, or purpose. It is based on the idea that there is evidence of design in the world, as natural order shows more that simply chance. This, therefore, points to the idea of a designer. The classical argument for design has three premises, which lead to a conclusion. The universe has order, regularity and a purpose....   [tags: Papers] 605 words
(1.7 pages)
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Anselms Ontological Argument And The Philosophers - Anselm's Ontological Argument and the Philosophers Saint Anselm of Aosta, Bec, and Canterbury, perhaps during a moment of enlightenment or starvation-induced hallucination, succeeded in formulating an argument for God's existence which has been debated for almost a thousand years. It shows no sign of going away soon. It is an argument based solely on reason, distinguishing it from other arguments for the existence of God such as cosmological or teleological arguments. These latter arguments respectively depend on the world's causes or design, and thus may weaken as new scientific advances are made (such as Darwin's theory of evolution)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2006 words
(5.7 pages)
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The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument - The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument There are many strengths within the Cosmological Argument which have proven theories and ways to prove the existence of God. Many of these strengths have come from such scholars as; Copleston, Aquinas and Leibniz, all of which have put together major points to prove the existence of a non-contingent being. One of the main strengths of the Cosmological Argument is from Aquinas way I that was about motion....   [tags: Papers] 524 words
(1.5 pages)
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The Moral Argument for the Existence of God - The Moral Argument for the Existence of God Kant did NOT put forward a moral argument and anyone who said he does is wrong!!!. Kant rejected all attempts to argue from the world to God, he regarded such an exercise as impossible. However he thought that God was a POSTULATE of practical reason. If you share Kant’s assumptions, then it becomes necessary to assume that there is a God. Kant’s reasoning…. --------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. All human beings desire and seek happiness --------------------------------------------- 2....   [tags: Papers] 2030 words
(5.8 pages)
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An Argument for the Use of Due - An Argument for the Use of Due Due to a lack of attention or understanding of English grammar, many Americans have, for several generations, used the adjective due as part of a prepositional phrase to introduce adverbial elements- to the disapproval of some strict grammarians. Although I prefer their prescription, for reasons of style, I must oppose their claim to correctness, on the pragmatic grounds of logic and sensibility. The most shakily grounded argument against the adverbial use is one of etiquette or style....   [tags: essays papers]
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760 words
(2.2 pages)
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An Argument in Opposition of Education Vouchers - An Argument in Opposition of Education Vouchers Why would anyone wish to withhold support for a program that has the potential to revolutionize the, often, insufficient American education system. This question has undoubtedly entered the mind of proponents of education voucher systems across the country. However, despite the pressure placed on legislators everywhere, close scrutiny of the real issues should not be clouded by public fervor. It is my belief that, after a thorough examination of the merits of such programs, school vouchers would be a gross detriment to both the American education system and the nation itself....   [tags: Voucher School Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 1794 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Argument of Evil for the Existence of God - The Argument of Evil for the Existence of God One of the major arguments proposed against the existence of God in contemporary western philosophy is the problem of evil. It is based upon the inability to reconcile the magnitude of evil in the world with the all-loving nature of God. John Hick describes the problem from the perspective of its proponent, "If God is perfectly loving, God must wish to abolish all evil; and if God is all-powerful, God must be able to abolish all evil. But evil exists; therefore God cannot be both omnipotent and perfectly loving." This thus causes difficulty for the Judeo-Christian-Islamic God who possess both qualities of being all-loving and omnipotent....   [tags: Papers] 677 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Teleological Argument for God's Existence - The Teleological Argument for God's Existence The teleological argument is also known as the argument from design. It is the idea that our world and the universe surrounding it are so intricate that it could not happen by accident, it was designed. William Paley put forward perhaps the most famous version of this with the watchmaker argument. Imagine you live on a desolate desert island and one day you come across a watch. By looking at it and examining, the intricate and complicated mechanisms you would conclude that it was designed by an intelligent designer....   [tags: Papers] 480 words
(1.4 pages)
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Barthes' argument in The Death of the Author - The Function of Subject as Signified Barthes’ argument in The Death of the Author, as it is clarified by the structuralist approach of Ferdinand de Saussure and the manifestations of his linguistic system adapted by Jacques Lacan and Jacques Derrida, is composed of an ultimate dismissal of the signification of a text in favor of the ratification of the function of the subject. Once this function is ascertained, Barthes shifts his impetus to the antiquation of the author’s place in general. The function of the subject that Barthes concludes is the concatenation of the signifier of a text for the purpose of the unification of its constitution....   [tags: Barthes Death of the Author]
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2411 words
(6.9 pages)
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An Argument for the Existence of God - An Argument for the Existence of God God can be defined as a being conceived as the perfect, omnipotent, omniscient originator and ruler of the universe, the principal object of faith and worship in monotheistic religions (1). There are many people that do not believe in any religion. People who do not believe in a religion have no reason for believing in a God. People who do not believe in a God and argue against the existence of God are proving something that is completely false. There is a God for numerous reasons....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays Papers]
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2339 words
(6.7 pages)
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Argument for Existence of God - Argument for Existence of God The real is the rational, and the rational is the real. In philosophical discussion, no statement is, perhaps, more important or more controversial. Yet, this is the very position that I advocate within this paper. The equation of the rational with the real is at the heart of the argument I here consider, that being the ontological argument for the existence of God. There are several versions of the ontological argument for the existence of God, which is to say that several versions exist....   [tags: Papers] 4708 words
(13.5 pages)
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The Argument of Sex Education in School - The Argument of Sex Education in School Missing Works Cited Audience Analysis: I am writing to the seven chairmen of the ___ County School Board. They are a made up of a group of five men and two women. They are most likely all parents who have a common concern on the material being taught on the issue of Sex Education in schools. Fellow parents vote on them to insure that they make the correct decisions on what their kids are learning in school. They are all from some form of the Christian religion....   [tags: Sex Education School Pregnancy Essays] 1223 words
(3.5 pages)
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Argument for UK to Convert to Euro - Argument for UK to Convert to Euro The case for Britain to join the Euro has many advantages and disadvantages. If the decision is to join the euro, it will be because the advantages will outweigh the problems and so joining will benefit the UK economy. A large advantage to joining the Euro is that there will be easier trade and may even increase trade as there will be a single currency within the European Union. Time and money will be saved as currency will not have to be converted when trading....   [tags: Persuasive Essays] 640 words
(1.8 pages)
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Argument - Argument I enjoyed writing this paper because I love to ski. This article and the next one are important to me because safety when I am skiing is a big deal. I discussed the validity of ski helmets on the market today in respect to the test Consumer Reports put out last ski season. I just wrote for this one and went back and edited it later on. I went to a few different sites to find information to use in this paper along with the information that was provided in the article. About 23,000 people suffered head injuries in skiing related accidents in 2002....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1073 words
(3.1 pages)
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An Argument Against the Death Penalty - An eyewitness to the execution of John Evans in Alabama describes this scene from the final moments of a death penalty sentence being carried out: "The first jolt of 1900 volts of electricity passed through Mr. Evans' body. It lasted thirty seconds. Sparks and flame erupted from the electrode tied to his leg. His body slammed against the straps holding him in the electric chair and his fist clenched permanently. A large puff of grayish smoke and sparks poured out from under the hood that covered his face....   [tags: Death Penalty Argumentative Persuasive Papers]
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2300 words
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Argument for the Legalization of Marijuana - Argument for the Legalization of Marijuana Is cannabis a danger to the public. – I think not. Should cannabis be legalised. I think so. If you agree with me then read this article. If you don’t, then read it anyway. It might teach you a thing, or two, about reality. Cannabis, weed, grass, hemp, shit, ganga, bhang, marijuana; they are all the same: completely harmless, and completely misunderstood. 260 million people worldwide use it for its potential advantages. Those who don’t use it are missing out....   [tags: Legalising Cannabis ] 1021 words
(2.9 pages)
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Platos Argument For A Just Life - Plato's Argument For A Just Life Plato's argument for the benefits of a just life is intrinsically linked to his definition of good and its relation to people's desires. He begins by showing that when the objective of a desire is simple (e.g. quenching a thirst), the desire must be correspondingly simple. Since thirst is a simple desire, the man's objective must also be simplistic and should we assign an adjective to his objective, we would falsely complicate it. In addition, Plato believes that we would be seriously erring if we assign a value of good to an desire....   [tags: essays research papers] 1677 words
(4.8 pages)
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Argument for the Existence of God - The following paper will provide a sound argument in favor of the existence of God. By demonstrating that an Atheist world cannot account for the preconditions of the laws of logic an Atheist cannot even account for a rational debate concerning the existence of God. “The impossibility of the contrary”, the best and only proof that the nesesary truth of the existence of God is his revelation of himself to us that makes it possible for us to use logic. This could be translated, using only nessesary truths, into the form of: L: (laws of logic) G: (God exists) if L entails G L ================ G Logic is “the laws of reasoning that God has es...   [tags: Religion, Theology] 309 words
(0.9 pages)
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An Argument for Farmers Needing Help - Agriculture is a tough field to enter. Farming is no ordinary profession, nor is it cheap. With farming, comes many risks - some even life threatening. As with any other profession, equipment is needed to perform the job effectively. In this field, the equipment is very costly. The prices of the equipment, chemicals, and seed are increasing whereas the prices of the crop are steady decreasing. How are farmers supposed to make a substantial income when the prices are overwhelming. Can the government not allow a set income for farmers each year, in addition to their profit....   [tags: essays research papers] 865 words
(2.5 pages)
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Argument Against a Ban on Boxing - Argument Against a Ban on Boxing The entertaining sport of boxing, an athletic event consisting of numerous health conflictions, has been receiving some heat from legal and medical advocates, yet “Some of the qualities that have open boxing to attack have, at the same time, been its salvation”(Sammons 235). Boxing, which has been in existence and evolved from other forms of fighting longer than this country has been established, is a skill, talent, an ambition, and for most professional fighters, a love....   [tags: Argumentative Essays, Persuasive Essays] 705 words
(2 pages)
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An Argument Against Citigroup in China - An Argument Against Citigroup in China Chinese regulations have historically limited the operations of foreign banks, but with the entry of China into the World Trade Organization (WTO), that is all slated to change- in theory....   [tags: International Business Banking] 1156 words
(3.3 pages)
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How to Structure an Argument - How to Structure an Argument Audience and purpose guide a writer’s selection of what structure to use for his/her argument. To satisfy the audience’s needs, certain organizational concepts have developed. The common types of arrangements below are in no way discrete and usually do not occur in isolation. They do create a sense of structure for the reader and the writer. Chronological: sequence-oriented, usually based on time. For example, “First A happened, then B, then C.” This structure works well for recipes, instructions, lab reports, and possibly narratives....   [tags: Process Esays] 360 words
(1 pages)
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David Hume's Argument Against Belief in the Existence of Miracles - David Hume was a British empiricist, meaning he believed all knowledge comes through the senses. He argued against the existence of innate ideas, stating that humans have knowledge only of things which they directly experience. These claims have a major impact on his argument against the existence of miracles, and in this essay I will explain and critically evaluate this argument. In his discussion 'Of Miracles' in Section X of An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, Hume defines a miracle as “a violation of the laws of nature and as a firm and unalterable experience has established these laws”1....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]
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1988 words
(5.7 pages)
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Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument - Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument Aquinas's 3rd way suggests that the world consists of contingent beings. As all contingent beings have a cause, namely another contingent being, there must have been a time when nothing existed, (unless contingent beings exist as a brute fact). Therefore, contingent beings could not have come into existence unless there is a necessary being which is non- contingent that caused them. Aquinas named this being God. The problem with Aquinas's view is that as physicians have suggested matter is eternal and therefore a necessary being is not required to cause contingent beings....   [tags: Papers] 955 words
(2.7 pages)
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Why the Design Argument Fails - Why the Design Argument Fails The Design Argument does fail due to its weaknesses, it is lacking in factual and substantial evidence to prove its theories. It puts forward a lot of ideas and claims however they are not justified well enough; the only true fact is that you have to believe them. I feel it is correct to claim that it fails due to the amount of criticising evidence against the theories for the existence of God. The main philosopher to criticise and object to the Teleogical Argument was David Hume....   [tags: Papers] 1105 words
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Argument Against the Death Penalty - Argument Against the Death Penalty Life is sacred. This is an ideal that the majority of people can agree upon to a certain extent. For this reason taking the life of another has always been considered the most deplorable of crimes, one worthy of the harshest available punishment. Thus arises one of the great moral dilemmas of our time. Should taking the life of one who has taken the life of others be considered an available punishment. Is a murderer's life any less sacred than the victim's is....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Capital Punishment]
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3429 words
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Examining Pascal's Argument for God - There have been many responses to Pascal’s proposition. British humorist Terry Pratchett cleverly summed it up in one of his books with a story of a philosopher who said, “Possibly the gods exist, and possibly they do not. So why not believe in them in any case. If it's all true you'll go to a lovely place when you die, and if it isn't then you've lost nothing, right. (Pratchett 51)” To the average person, it seems as though there are two choices of religion; to believe in God or not to believe in God....   [tags: Religion Pascal]
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1062 words
(3 pages)
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An Argument For Sustainable Agriculture - An Argument For Sustainable Agriculture Introduction Merriam-Webster's online dictionary defines stewardship as "the careful and responsible management of something entrusted in one's care" (Merriam-Webster, 2015). Sustainable agriculture is a method that does not deplete soil, water, air, wildlife or human community resources ("Community Alliance with," 1997). These two principles describe a type of farming that practices responsible management of the land in a way that does not deplete natural resources or the human community....   [tags: Farming Agricultural Argumentative Essays]
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3193 words
(9.1 pages)
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An Argument Against Gun Control - Argument Against Gun Control An Argument Against Gun Control As long ago as 1789, the creators of the Constitution realized the importance of guns in American society. The Second Amendment states,"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." No loopholes, or legal caches exist in this statement. The Founding Fathers allow for no restriction of the private ownership of firearms....   [tags: Second Amendment The Right To Bear Arms] 774 words
(2.2 pages)
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An Argument For Animal Research - An Argument For Animal Research Medicine has come a very long way since the days when men used to puncture holes into the skull to release tension or evil spirits. In the last one hundred years, for the sake of humanity, numerous vaccinations have been developed, disease and disorders of all types have been prevented, surgical techniques have been advanced, drugs have been developed to cure ailments and the list continues endlessly. The progress that has been achieved in knowledge as well as safety in medical practice is correlated directly to animal research....   [tags: essays research papers] 638 words
(1.8 pages)
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Exploring a Weak Political Argument - In the article "A Paramedic for Governor", published in October 2003 issue of Emergency Medical Services, Norm Rooker fails to argue why James H. Green should be governor of California. First of all, Rooker dose not provide enough evidence to support his argument. Additionally, his tone is not appropriate for this article. Finally, there is not clear reasoning in the article. Because of these defects in this article Norm fails to convince the reader why paramedic Green should be governor. First, Norm Rooker is lacking in evidence in the article "A Paramedic for Governor." In the beginning of the article Rooker quotes Green in saying "I don't think I have a snowball's chance in you-know-whe...   [tags: Politics] 369 words
(1.1 pages)
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Rogerian Argument for Marijuana Legalization - Rogerian Argument for Marijuana Legalization      The cannabis plant has been the topic of much debate throughout the history of this country. Many people don't know that it was not the effect of cannabis that originally spurred its banning. It was actually originally the work of the cotton industry who put big money behind illegalization for the plant's mind altering effects. The cotton industry was afraid that hemp, a product of the cannabis plant, would soon overpower the strong hold of cotton since it was a more durable textile that required less work, less ground depletion, and could be grown almost anywhere....   [tags: Cannabis Legalization Argumentative Essays]
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1165 words
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One Argument for God's Existence - Throughout time, the question has always arose concerning the existence of God or some type of supernatural being who created the Universe. There are many arguments and explanations that explain if God truly does exist. One such explanation is the Teleological Argument, which bases its explanation of the existence of God on the design and purpose of known things. For instance, we know that there are trees and plants, and that they need sunlight and water in order to grow. Those trees and plants grow from the ground, which is part of the earth....   [tags: Argumentative Essays, Persuasive Essays] 1439 words
(4.1 pages)
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Presuppositional Apologetics: The Moral Argument for the Existence of God - A Christian apologetic method is a verbal defense of the biblical worldview. A proof is giving a reason for why we believe. This paper will address the philosophical question of God’s existence from the moral argument. The presuppositional apologetic method of Reformed thinkers Cornelius Van Til and John Frame will be the framework. Topics covered here could undoubtedly be developed in more depth, but that would be getting ahead, here is the big picture. Apologetics comes from the Greek word, ‘apologia’ meaning verbal defense....   [tags: Theology ]
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2183 words
(6.2 pages)
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Aristotle's Argument for People's Actions - Aristotle's Argument for People's Actions Aristotle argues things people do aims at some end or end. The highest end to all of these things is attaining happiness. I maintain that it is impossible for a human being to be happy according to Aristotle's definition due to the fact that he sets strict conditions of perfect virtue thus happiness. Aristotle suggests that happiness is not a state, but rather we count happiness as an activity. He argues that happiness is an activity of the soul in accordance with perfect virtue....   [tags: Papers] 465 words
(1.3 pages)
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The Argument of Death Penalty - The Argument of Death Penalty "Works Cited Missing" Last week America executed their 1000th person. Should we view this as a momentous occasion or a travesty in American history. The bible states “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” but surely murder is not the answer in the 21st Century. The death penalty is barbaric, primitive and inhumane. When the word death penalty is used, it makes yelling and screaming from both sides of extremist. One side may say deterrence and the other side may say, but you can execute an innocent man....   [tags: Papers] 456 words
(1.3 pages)
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Buckland´s Argument on Information and The Importance of The Search for Knowledge - Everyday millions of people get online and surf the internet, before that people went to libraries and checked out books, and before any of that was possible, empires wrote on wet clay tablets filled with writings that they stored in private rooms, palaces, and temples. These soon became known as private libraries, and soon other empires joined in. What was important was that they were storing and sharing information, each innovation of sharing information has one main goal, to search and obtain knowledge....   [tags: opinion writing, sharing of information] 1043 words
(3 pages)
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Use of Persuasive Argument in 12 Angry Men - The movie “12 Angry Men” examines the dynamics at play in a United States jury room in the 1950’s. It revolves around the opinions and mindsets of twelve diverse characters that are tasked with pronouncing the guilt or innocence of a young man accused of patricide. The extraordinary element is that their finding will determine his life or death. This play was made into a movie in 1957, produced by Henry Fonda who played the lead role, Juror #8, and Reginald Rose who wrote the original screenplay....   [tags: 12 Angry Men Essays]
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1024 words
(2.9 pages)
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Argument and Discussion Against Smoking Mind over Matter -   Argument against Smoking Mind over Matter “Nicotine patches and gum are common -- and often ineffective -- ways of fighting cigarette cravings, as most smokers have discovered. Now a new study from the American Friends of Tel Aviv University (AFTAU) shows why they're ineffective, and may provide the basis for more successful psychologically based smoking cessation programs” (American Friends, 2010). With smoking some feel that willpower can help people to overcome their weakness, but for some there needs to be more....   [tags: Health ]
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1181 words
(3.4 pages)
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Stopping the Clock: An Argument for the End of Age and Trash Discrimination - Trash and aging go hand in hand. Take for example a pair of shoes. When a person uses a pair of shoes consistently, the soles will begin to wear down and holes begin to form. A person may repair the sole and patch up the holes, but eventually there comes a time when the well-worn shoe is beyond repair and it is time to chuck them in the trash bin. Trash is made up of things that have aged to the point of uselessness; things that have become undesired and worthless. A person can easily tell when an item is no longer of use to them, but controversy ensues when a person attempts to determine when a human being begins to lose their usefulness....   [tags: aging, trash, relationships, elderly]
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1948 words
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The Argument For Legalizing Same Sex Marriage To Further Equality - Same-sex marriage has been a widely argued topic for many years, causing tons of controversy across the globe. The two sides pertaining to this debate are legalizing same-sex marriage, or applying a constitutional ban. The largest point of disagreement is whether or not allowing same-sex marriage promotes equality, and not allowing it promotes discrimination. As Americans, we value equality, liberty, and tolerance. Merriam-Webster defines equality as the “quality or state of having the same rights, social status, etc.” This value is one that is societal, meaning it is followed relating to society....   [tags: Discrimination, Sexual Habit]
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1340 words
(3.8 pages)
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Spirituality Through Nature: Analyzing Hurston's Argument for Pantheism - In Dust Tracks on a Road, Zora Neale Hurston explains her religious ideology: “It is futile for me to seek the face of, and fear, an accusing God withdrawn somewhere beyond the stars in space” (Dust Tracks on a Road 323), further explaining, “the springing of the yellow line of morning out of the misty deep of dawn is glory enough for me” (279). Hurston’s confidence in nature’s spirituality borders on pantheism, especially regarding her separation from organized religion. A cultural anthropologist in the Harlem Renaissance period, Hurston studied cultures in the Caribbean and the American south....   [tags: Literature] 1963 words
(5.6 pages)
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Nietzsche’s Argument of Justice: The Debtor/Creditor Relationship - The system of justice that Nietzsche employs although somewhat cynical has a substantial amount of merit as a form of justice, which is present in our society. This is demonstrated through the depiction of the creditor/debtor relationship that exists in our democratic societies, and the equalization process that occurs, and furthermore that Nietzsche is correct to assess justice as such a principle. The issue is most obvious in the penal system; however it is also prevalent in personal day-to-day relationships as well as political structures....   [tags: philosophy] 1310 words
(3.7 pages)
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Why God Doesn't Exist: An Atheist's Argument - The belief in Gods has always existed throughout human’s recored history. Whether it be the Greek Gods: Apollo, and Zeus, or the Judeo-Christian God, believed by Christians in modern day society. The belief of God has always existed among humans, however, assuming God does not exist, what explains the cultural evolution of such a false belief, namely religion. I shall argue that the reason this false belief is successful is because it manipulates human nature better than any other belief by these three points: an avoidance of death (the soul), a sense of worth (knowledge), and a sense, or need of belief (faith)....   [tags: atheism, ontology, religion, god is dead]
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2716 words
(7.8 pages)
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The Argument of the Legality and Morality of Euthanasia - Euthanasia is the act of intentionally ending a life to relieve pain and suffering. The House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics of England defines euthanasia as a deliberate intervention undertaken with the intention of ending a life, to relieve suffering(Harris, NM. 2001)., in the Netherlands euthanasia is defined as the termination of life by a doctor at the request of a patient(BBC,2011). The right to die debate posses a great number of legal, moral and ethical issues. Proponents and supporters of euthanasia had presented valid arguments: people have the right of self-determination and that is why they should be allowed to choose their own fate; is a better choice to assist an i...   [tags: Autonomy, Right to Die]
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644 words
(1.8 pages)
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St. Anselm's Ontological Argument - It is important to show why the topic you are discussing is important, especially if there are other topics that could be studied in place of the one you are discussing. In this case, the discussion is on Saint Anselm and his Ontological Argument. There have been other arguments made before Saint Anselm on God's existence, and the first paragraph will show why it is important to study this particular argument. Then the argument itself is given and discussed. And just like most arguments in the field of philosophy, the Ontological Argument has an objection....   [tags: Philosophy] 959 words
(2.7 pages)
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Argument-based Homicide In Ame - Argument-based Homicide in America Feeling alienated by fellow classmates, two students at Columbine High School in Littleton, CO who referred to themselves as the Trench Coat Mafia went on a rampant killing spree which took the lives of themselves, twelve other students and one teacher (Obmascik 1). This incident caused an immediate plea for more socially responsible communities, assuming that greater moral values would curb the likelihood of these argument-related homicides. This relies on the notion that greater social organization will lead to a decrease in the rate of crime....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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639 words
(1.8 pages)
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An Argument Against Abortion - Abortion in America is a controversial issue in which both sides have valid arguments at face value. The pro-choice side has many arguments to support it belief in keeping abortion legal. Many of these are faulty, and argue points irrelevant to the issue as I will attempt to illustrate, thereby eliminating the main pro-choice arguments. The pro-life position has somewhat different ideas. The most popular of these is: The unborn entity is fully human from the moment of conception. Abortion results in the intentional death of the unborn entity....   [tags: Pro Life Pro-life essays research papers] 1034 words
(3 pages)
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Richard Swinburne's Teleological Argument - Richard Swinburne's Teleological Argument Although explicated on many occasions and by many different authors, the teleological argument for the existence of God provides the best springboard from which to launch contemporary convictions of faith. In the revised edition of his earlier The Existence of God, Richard Swinburne constructs a solid outline that reveals the exact structure of the teleological argument. He presents both forms of the teleological argument , holds each under the light of skeptical review and then provides insight and defense that allows for careful philosophical review....   [tags: Papers] 775 words
(2.2 pages)
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BonJour's 'Basic Antifoundationalist Argument' - BonJour's 'Basic Antifoundationalist Argument' ABSTRACT: BonJour argues that there can be no basic empirical beliefs. But premises three and four jointly entail ‘BonJour’s Rule’ — one’s belief that p is justified only if one justifiably believes the premises of an argument that makes p highly likely — which, given human psychology, entails global skepticism. His responses to the charge of skepticism, restricting premise three to basic beliefs and noting that the Rule does not require ‘explicit’ belief, fail....   [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Papers]
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5885 words
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