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The History of the Sign for Addition - The earliest history of plus sign (+) we can trace is Egyptian hieroglyphic. The sign for addition was represented as a pair of legs walking in the direction of the text, neither left nor right . Because Egyptian could be written either from right to left or left to right. In Italy, the symbol plus (+) were adopted by the astronomer Christopher Clavius. The first person who may have used the plus (+) sign as an abbreviation was the astronomer Nicole Oresme’s, the author of the book” The Book of the Sky and the World” in 14th century....   [tags: plus, addition, sign] 910 words
(2.6 pages)
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Counseling Someone with a Pornography Addition - ... Take Peter for example he never really was interested in girls but always had their attention. One day when wandering through the house alone he found some porn magazines under his brothers bed and Jerry started thumbing through them and liking what he saw. After a few months of looking a friend taught him about masturbation and he tried it out after a while but grew tired of that. When he got to High School he started going to parties and he starting sleeping around with a few girls, but when he hit his senior year he got a real scare when a girl he slept with thought she was pregnant, but wasn’t....   [tags: sex addiction, technology] 2388 words
(6.8 pages)
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Addition of Vectors - Introduction: Addition of vectors: Let [vecOA] = [veca] and [vecAB] = [vecb] The [vecOB] represents the addition of [veca] and [vecb] We mention that [vecOB] = [vecOA] + [vecAB] [vecOB] = [vecOA] + [vecAB] = [veca] + [vecb] Subtraction of vectors: If [veca] and [vecb] are two vectors, then the subtraction of [vecb] from [veca] is defined as the vector sum of [veca] and − [vecb] and is denoted by [veca] − [vecb] . [veca] − [vecb] = [veca] + ( − [vecb)] Properties of Addition and Subtraction of Vectors: Space: An amount having only magnitude is called a scalar....   [tags: Math] 503 words
(1.4 pages)
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The relationship between multiplication and addition - Teachers should know and understand the relationship between addition and multiplication because this understanding will translate well into teaching students to understand the concept of multiplication. The relationship of these two operations is very close so it is especially important to ensure each student fully comprehends the rules of addition before proceeding to multiplication. Addition is the process of combining a number of individual items together to form a new total. Multiplication, however, is the process of using repeated addition and combining the total number of items that make up equal-sized groups....   [tags: Education, Teaching Techniques] 1698 words
(4.9 pages)
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Strategies to Solve Addition and Subtraction - Children can enhance their understanding of difficult addition and subtraction problems, when they learn to recognize how the combination of two or more numbers demonstrate a total (Fuson, Clements, & Beckmann, 2011). As students advance from Kindergarten through second grade they learn various strategies to solve addition and subtraction problems. The methods can be summarize into three distinctive categories called count all, count on, and recompose (Fuson, Clements, & Beckmann, 2011). The strategies vary faintly in simplicity and application....   [tags: children, counting, understanding]
:: 6 Works Cited
1124 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Addition of Using Video Games on Teenagers - The addicted of using video games on teenagers Introduction Ever since, I looked around and I noticed that the popular games which being used were video games, As a result of publicity. That types of games preside high viewing and using. That phenomenon where spread specifically between adolescent ages. My brother has 15 years old and he was addicted to playing video games. He used it for along period of time and played it with whose outside friends tirelessly.That being wasted of his time, however his attitude where changes and transfer as a result of addicted playing....   [tags: influence, mind, behavior, players] 579 words
(1.7 pages)
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School Uniforms are an Unnecessary Addition to Public Schools - School Uniforms are an Unnecessary Addition to Public Schools School Uniforms are being pushed more and more in schools, but what is commonly thought of when the words “school uniform” is said. For most people the picture of children in the same colored uniforms gathered in front of a Catholic Church or a private school is displayed in their mind. This picture is one of the many problems with school uniforms. Instead of being seen as an individual, students are seen as just another kid in a uniform attending a fancy private school....   [tags: argument, rhetorical, public Education] 1063 words
(3 pages)
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Substance Usage and Addiction of Nurses - All over the world, nurses suffer from the addictive properties that many of the drugs provide. "(Drug addiction) is a disease that tells you that you don’t have it. It’s the only disease I know that argues with you and says, ‘Look, despite all the evidence, you don’t have a problem’" (Kunyk and Austin, 2005, p. 385). This leads to a lot of substance dependent nurses to work impaired as they don't see their drug usage as a problem. In the recent decade, increasing amounts of nurses have begun to see the effects of substance usage and addiction while on the job....   [tags: addition, medicine, nurses] 2598 words
(7.4 pages)
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Relationship Between Hyperactivation in Basal Level and Upon Addition of 4-AP to Capacitation - Relationship between hyperactivation in basal level and upon addition of 4-AP to capacitation The assessment of % hyperactivation after 2h incubation in CM and NCM showed that spermatozoa were hyperactivated in initial level and after addition of 4-AP in both media, but the magnitude of the incidence was greater in samples prepared in CM than those in NCM (P<0.05 significant difference between the initial hyperactivation in two media, and very highly significant difference between response to 4-AP in both media P<0.001) (Figure 11)....   [tags: Research Analysis] 935 words
(2.7 pages)
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Splash Pages can be a Good Addition to Your Website - Splash Pages can be a Good Addition to Your Website The first question a beginning web developer should ask him or herself when designing a splash page for the website is not what image to use, but should a splash page be created in the first place. A splash page is “a branding page before the home page of your Web site” (O’Rourke). While this page can be good and serve as “gateways into web content” (“Internet Marketing Glossary”), one may choose not to use a splash page. Such a page can detract from the professionalism of the site; if a person or company wants to appear professional and wants the website to portray this, a splash page can ruin this desire....   [tags: Sell Websites Buy Websites]
:: 3 Works Cited
676 words
(1.9 pages)
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Mutations in Genomes - ... Another example of neurological disorder is Down syndrome. Scientific American brings a unique perspective to the subject of multiple copies of many genes in an organism. What is interesting is the fact that because of it’s discovery, we have learned the causes of certain phenotypes in animals and the cause of Down Syndrome, which is the extra copy of chromosome 21 in humans. What is also interesting is that most of this variation in number of genes is inheritable. (Wenner et al., 2009) No one is born with a perfect genome, and as geneticist Matthew Hurles would put it, “it would not be normal to be that with some genes being repeated” (Wenner et al., 2009)....   [tags: addition, deletion, good and bad] 751 words
(2.1 pages)
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Temperature Changes During the Addition of Sulphuric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide Solution - Temperature Changes During the Addition of Sulphuric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide Solution Aim To investigate the temperature changes during the addition of sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide solution. Introduction In this experiment we are using sodium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, sulphuric acid. We are trying to find out how much acid it takes to neutralise alkaline. But there are many things that could effect my final result and I think that the main thing will be measuring the acid and alkali out accurately so that the experiment was fair....   [tags: Papers] 656 words
(1.9 pages)
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Addition Of Vectors - I. Introduction A vector is an arrow whose length represents the magnitude of a quantity and whose direction represents the direction of the quantity. Vectors are useful in combining velocities that are not parallel. The sum of two or more component vectors is called a resultant. When the vectors are not at right angles to each other, the resultant is found by constructing a parallelogram. The parallelogram is constructed with the two vectors as sides. The resultant of the parallelogram is its diagonal....   [tags: essays research papers] 582 words
(1.7 pages)
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Respecting One Another: An Addition to School Courses - The human race is connected to this earth. Humans, being part of nature, need to nurture the life of, and on, this planet. With this in mind, a prerequisite for society should incorporate the comprehension of, respect for human life. Parents and family are the key sources to supply lessons in respect for humanity, and schools are equally important, as the key secondary source. Although many people think the core curriculum is rigorous enough for students, the basic four classes in math, language, history, and science are not enough for children to function fully, or adequately, as conscientious and considerate member of society....   [tags: Education]
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1379 words
(3.9 pages)
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A Brief Biography of Sam Houston - ... Houston’s attitudes towards slavery may seem contradictory because he was, after all, a slave owner, but despite popular belief, he did not oppose the institution of slavery. Houston defended slavery as a necessity because the South depended on slavery’s cheap labor to support its agrarian economy. Even though Houston supposed the western expansion of the United States, he was adamant about not allowing slavery from spreading into new territories. Houston’s exact views on the South’s Peculiar Institution, or slavery, was not that slavery was a moral issue that needed to be abolished, but more of a political issue....   [tags: the addition of Texas to the US] 716 words
(2 pages)
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The Perspectives of Addiction - Modern American society has become covered by multitudes of opinions that all strive for a better America. Whether the individual is a politician with great influence or the common man with his or her strong-minded opinion, each argument contributes to the betterment of society. An age old struggle, addiction, has been deemed a major problem in society due to the physical and mental harm it causes, but the major connotation of addiction is solely related to substance and alcohol abuse. In the progressive, technological era today, addiction breaks into new boundaries where technology proves as lethal a dose as conventional drugs....   [tags: Modern American Society, Addiction]
:: 4 Works Cited
1129 words
(3.2 pages)
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Internet Addiction - Internet is a big problem in our society today. Many people use internet without knowing it, even I use internet without knowing that I am using too much I consider myself as an addict because I check my Facebook at least 3 times a day and text every time while I eat too. In high school, I used to use my phone in the class because it was allowed in class and teacher didn’t mind but in college I have to tell myself to not use phone in class since it is very important to achieve my goals and get a degree....   [tags: Internet Addiction Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1107 words
(3.2 pages)
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Analyzing Addiction - Addiction is everywhere, from celebrity tabloids, to television, and possibly to a family member or close friend. There is alcoholism, drug abuse, and gambling addiction; the effects of such are devastating. For example, the following excerpt is from the harrowing Leaving Dirty Jersey: A Crystal Meth Memoir by James Salant: “I gave Doug the spoon and I tried to pull thirty units of water into the syringe. Doug hit me on the side of my head and said, ‘Your shaking too much, let me do that.’ I pulled away from the faucet and let the syringe fall into the sink....   [tags: Addiction, drug abuse, social commentary]
:: 8 Works Cited
2244 words
(6.4 pages)
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Addiction vs Physical Dependence - Important Distinction - Addiction is a nasty word. Especially when applied to those who are physically dependent upon analgesics or painkillers. Though the definitions of addiction vary, most addicts are pigeonholed into one negative category. Some painkiller addicts – including celebrities such as right-wing radio host, Rush Limbaugh, singer/actress Courtney Love, and “Friends” star Matthew Perry – can obtain a bad reputation for becoming dependent; others simply need them in order to survive their day to day lives. Judy*, 53, is a high school teacher from Williamsburg, Virginia....   [tags: Dependence vs. Addiction] 2511 words
(7.2 pages)
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A Video Game Addiction is Still an Addiction - A video game addiction is just like any other addiction. These addicts seek stimulus from their subjects and cannot refrain from it. It impedes on their daily lives, interrupts their way of logic, and has no real benefits. The major reason why addictions begin is because it helps them cope with their emotions. For them, it’s another world that is immersive and engaging to the point that they are entranced by it. Video games and the Internet provide a plethora of communities and people to meet. Since it is easier to remain anonymous on the Internet, there are opportunities to create alter egos....   [tags: negative side effects, alter egos] 1576 words
(4.5 pages)
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Reasons for Addiction - How do you know when you are addicted to something. Is it a choice or just an effect. What most people do not understand, is that no one really chooses to be an addict. Being addicted to something such as drugs, alcohol, food, etc., is not due to someone waking up one day and saying 'hey, I would really enjoy not being able to cope without a substance.' It is mostly due to deeper issues like depression or influences, things of that nature, which lead someone on the path for their search of an escape....   [tags: Addiction, psychology,] 1254 words
(3.6 pages)
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The World of Addiction - “Addiction is a brain disease expressed in the form of compulsive behavior,” says by Alan Leshner in his article, “Addiction Is a Brain Disease” featured in the book Drug Abuse: Opposing Viewpoints. Addiction has a variety of meanings depending on what your viewpoint of addiction. According to dictionary.com, the concrete definition of the word addiction is, “the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, as narcotics, to such an extent that its cessation causes severe trauma.” Basically various doctors and therapist consider addiction to be a genetic disorder....   [tags: Psychology]
:: 15 Works Cited
1766 words
(5 pages)
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Denial of an Addiction - Denial of an Addiction It is hard to put into words the exact reason a person becomes addicted to something such as drugs, alcohol or even gambling. Addiction can be described as becoming so dependent on something that their tolerance could be raised to dangerous levels. When an addicted person needs larger doses, it is because the amount that they originally started with does not provide that “reward” that it once used to. This could lead to a dangerous downfall including disability or even death....   [tags: theory of positive and negative reinforcement]
:: 5 Works Cited
855 words
(2.4 pages)
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The Consequences of Addiction - Treating a person suffering from the illness of addiction presents a complex psychotherapeutic problem which is further confounded when the illness includes a sexual addiction (Wilson, 1999; Virshup, 1985). According to Wilson, “83% of sex addicts report multiple addictions” (1999). The focus of this paper will be about Joe, whose substance addiction was the presenting problem, yet the severity of his illness was confounded by a vast array of co-existing trauma, loss, mental illness and sexual addiction....   [tags: Sex Addiction, Therapy, Case Study]
:: 7 Works Cited
869 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Etiology of Addiction Disease Model - Addiction is like all behaviours “the business of the brain”. Addictions are compulsive physical and psychological needs from habit-forming sustenances like nicotine, alcohol, and drugs. Being occupied with or involved in such activities, leads a person who uses them again and again to become tolerant and dependent eventually experiencing withdrawal. (Molintas, 2006). Addictive drugs cause dopamine neurons to release dopamine, the pleasure hormone. The narcotics disable the neurons that would usually keep the dopamine neurons in check; becoming over stimulated....   [tags: Addiction Drugs]
:: 5 Works Cited
1538 words
(4.4 pages)
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Psychology of Addiction - Psychology of Addiction The Holistic Approach to Addiction As with any other disease, drug addiction causes stress and breaks down the body immune system. Not only does drug addiction break the body immunes system down but it also decreases brain function. In the book addiction treatment a strengths perspective, the authors Wormer and Davis stated, “Other remedies directed toward the physical side of drug use are more natural, holistic approaches. These include various herbal remedies, acupuncture, massage, hypnosis, and biofeedback.” (Pg 204) In my opinion, the holistic approach can be very practical for treating the disease of addiction because it will help people gain the proper bala...   [tags: drugs, treatment, holistic] 587 words
(1.7 pages)
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Addiction and Recovery - a. One thing I learned about addiction. Addiction and Recovery It has become one of the major social problems of our day, leaving a great number of families and communities within our country devastated and without hope of recuperation for any of their afflicted members and loved ones. Growing to become a big social challenge affecting all aspects of the American society, addiction rates have escalated to enormous proportions within the country as reported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)....   [tags: Social problem, Brain Disorder, Drugs] 884 words
(2.5 pages)
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Addiction in Adolescents - Humans are environmentally and genetically predisposed to developing a motivated addictive behavior. Addiction is a brain disease and a behavior. All behaviors are choices. Choices that adolescences make at a young age directly affect the outcomes of their futures. Many factors contribute to an adolescence becoming an addict or exhibiting a drug seeking behavior. Nearly all drugs of abuse increase dopamine release. Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in drug abuse and addiction. Dopamine plays a role in reward motivated behaviors, motor control and important hormones....   [tags: behavior, environment, drugs, genes, expression]
:: 4 Works Cited
992 words
(2.8 pages)
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Field of Addiction - ... Nonetheless, it is possible that through the groups, family members may find support for themselves, develop new perspectives on addiction problems, and learn new ways of behaving and interacting with the addicted person, which can then aid in the recovery of the addicted person and the family itself. Adopting a systemic orientation As outlined above, most of my work involves working with the primary client, even though there is an understanding of the problem to be one that affects the family, and a recognition of the usefulness of family involvement....   [tags: therapists, agencies, family systems] 3158 words
(9 pages)
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Analysis of Children Internet Addiction - To prevent Internet addiction, it is a parent’s responsibility to raise their child(ren) on limited or no technology because parents and their children will not bond, it creates development problems, and technology becomes an abnormal necessity in a child’s life. One of the most important things to a child in today’s modern world would be technology. To them, it’s like honey to bees. Things like phones, computers, Facebook, and I-pods are owned by almost everyone in the world. Why this and how this has become a problem is still being argued in all parts of the world....   [tags: internet addiction, technology, computers]
:: 1 Works Cited
681 words
(1.9 pages)
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Is There any Treatment for Pornography Addiction? - ... Naltrexone targets the brain reward system by blocking the capacity of endogenous opioids to trigger dopamine release in response to reward. It blocks both the nucleus accumbens and interneuron opioid receptors, thereby facilitating an increase in GABA tone and a reduction in nucleus accumbens dopamine levels through both direct and indirect mechanisms (Balfour, Yu, & Coolen, 2004), resulting in pornography’s decreased salience. Ultimately, via gradual desensitization, the addictive behaviour’s salience should diminish (Schmidt & Beninger, 2006; Meyer & Quenzer, 2005) The blocking of some of the pleasure receptors in the brain has been shown to reduce cravings associated with addiction (...   [tags: sexual addiction, medical advice, naltrexone ] 606 words
(1.7 pages)
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Drug Use and Addiction - Have you ever dealt with the effects of drugs firsthand. A drug is a substance which has a psychological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body. The causes of drug use can vary depending on the person. According to “Causes and types of narcotic addiction: A Psychosocial View” in the Psychiatric Quarterly it says, “The causes of drugs stem from the manner of which you were introduced to it whether it be by abnormal curiosity, chance encounters with addicts and narcotic peddlers, or prolonged illness” (Ausubel)....   [tags: Drug Use and Addiction]
:: 5 Works Cited
1639 words
(4.7 pages)
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My Addiction to Sugar - INTRODUCTION Sugar is considered a toxic poison. Sugar leaches the calcium out of the skeletal frame of a human’s body. Sugar literally sucks the calcium straight from our bones; therefore it is known to many as a “skeletal poisonous powder.” There are thousands of individuals struggling throughout the United States with sugar addiction. Sugar is a leading cause of a number of health-related issues. Sugar causes health issues such as, fibromyalgia, diabetes, obesity, and osteoporosis. Like me, many individuals have no clue that they are addicted to sugar....   [tags: Sugar Addiction Study and Intervention]
:: 5 Works Cited
1399 words
(4 pages)
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Addiction Rehabilitation: The Big Book - The point of a rehabilitation center for addicts is it is a place for people who are struggling with substance abuse can go to for help. Substance abuse addiction is a growing problem in the United States and causes many problems socially and economically. The words “alcoholic” or “drug addict” carry a negative connotation. An alcoholic is not considered a role model for kids. But, what can be said about the programs and processes in place that are supposed to help addicts. Through my research, I have examined the current addiction rehabilitation centers, and I believe there needs to be a restructuring of the existing strategies used to help addicts....   [tags: substance abuse, addiction, drugs, A.A.]
:: 11 Works Cited
1808 words
(5.2 pages)
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Addiction & Grace: Love and Spirituality in the Healing of Addictions. - In the book, Addiction & Grace: Love and Spirituality in the Healing of Addictions, May explores how addiction develops and can be treated from a psychological, physiological, and spiritual standpoint. This theme is clearly shown through out the text as it shows addiction from a whole person view. The book covers the development of addiction from desire through the experience of addiction. The key focus on looking at the matter of addiction from multiple stand points in then broken down by explaining how addiction is an issue psychologically, physiologically, and spiritually....   [tags: Addiction Essays] 1953 words
(5.6 pages)
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Internet Addiction Should Be Considered a Mental Disorder - ... There are currently five types of internet addiction. The first type is Cybersex Addiction. This is when an individual compulsively uses the internet to watch pornography and go in adult chat rooms. The main effect of cybersex addiction is that it negatively harms the person’s real life relationships. The second of internet addiction is type is Cyber-Relationship Addiction. This is where a person is addiction to Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, or other sites. People with this type are so addicted that they lose connection with real life friends and family (“Internet & Computer Addiction” 1)....   [tags: cybersex addiction, cyber-relationship addiction] 726 words
(2.1 pages)
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Sex can be an Addiction - ... Causes of Sexual Addiction There are many causes of being addicted to sex. Studies have shown that sex additions are often rooted form early childhood or adolescence traumas (Cloud, 2011). Research also has found that sex addicts often come from dysfunctional families and are more likely than non sex addicts who have been abused. Stduies have reported that 82 percent of sex addicts have been sexually abuse as childen (Herkay, 2013). There are studies and evidence that states sex addition follows similar cognitive and behavioral patterns, and can have similar brain mechanism to other addiction....   [tags: obsession, pornagraphy, masturbation] 1095 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Role of Logotherapy and the Existential Gap in Addiction - Ravaging the country is a diagnosable addiction in which laptops are drug dealers and online communities are the enslaving substances. Internet Addiction, otherwise referred to as IA, is one of the most quickly spreading addictions in today’s population, and is not a compulsion that is very well comprehended by the general public (Buckenmeyer). This addiction to that which is virtual and has no real emotional connection is thought to be the result of social isolation, and a feeling of meaninglessness....   [tags: internet addiction, logotherapy, isolation]
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1204 words
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Addiction as Brain Disorder: A Flawed Model - Addiction as Brain Disorder – A Flawed Model Addiction is the result of a gradual accretion of neurological tendencies based upon the ingestion of a particular substance or the taking of a particular action. It is cumulative, building over time, and varies in strength from individual to individual based on their own abilities to exercise willpower over themselves and their actions. Some people become addicted more easily than others. In the end, addiction is the result of a series of choices made by the individual....   [tags: addiction, drugs, choices, impact]
:: 3 Works Cited
829 words
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Factors Influencing the Prevelence of Addiction - ... They outline the path leading to addiction by emphasizing the cause as a physical malfunction in the reward circuitry of the brain. They claim that an addict’s abnormalities in his or her reward system causes the addict to achieve the state of euphoria or “high” by ingesting substances or addictive behaviors. In addition, one’s compulsive behaviors and substance abuse can hurt the reward system and result in “impaired impulse control and addiction” (Matesa and Bickman), so it is a deleterious cycle....   [tags: neurobiology, choice, disease] 1279 words
(3.7 pages)
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Bupropion, Naltrexone, and Food Addiction - Anti-addiction Medicines, Bupropion and Naltrexone, Could be Used to Treat the Obesity Related to Food Addiction Associated with a variety of serious health problems, including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer, obesity has become a serious problem in the USA where over a third of adults are now obese (Makowski, Gwinn & Hurren, 2011, p. 489). However, there are not many effective drugs available for treating obesity. In fact, the last obesity drug to be approved in the United States was Xenical® in 1999 (Pollack, 2011)....   [tags: Brain Reward Systems, Safety Concerns]
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2777 words
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Smoking: The Issue of Addiction and How to Quit - There is no doubt that the people of this modern era are facing lots of issues and dangers for their health. People are becoming addicted to a number of different addictions, such as smoking, drinking and so on. There are numbers of addictions that are available to the people around the globe. the experts are of the view that the addictions have some special charms and people get attracted to that craving owing that charm, however once they become addicted they feel helpless and most of the time they cannot quit that obsession....   [tags: smoking, quiting, addiction] 703 words
(2 pages)
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How Does Heroin Cause Addiction? - ... Two more common symptoms are: over abundant usage and difficulty with controlling life away from the substance: relationships can break down and lives can erode away. Addiction makes you drop all awareness of what is happening around you that isn't part of your craving. Therefore, people and things around you that you were formerly very close to (family, school etc.), become secluded. Heroin has many physical and psychological effects. Physically, it can: reduce heart rate, cause nausea and vomiting, constipation, dry mouth, slurred speech, sluggish movement, delayed reaction, and lack of energy....   [tags: drug use, addiction, illegal] 884 words
(2.5 pages)
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Nicotine Addiction: The Effects On The Body - A Tobacco plant is made up of approximately 5 percent of nicotine by weight. There are two categories of tobacco products cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. Nicotine has many effects on the body but the effect it has on the brain is responsible for the so called “good feeling” that is behind the addiction. Nicotine is considered to be addictive because of the psychological and physiological effects on a person. The Center for the Advancement of Health published the results of a study on teenager smokers: Almost two-thirds of the smokers had one or more symptoms of nicotine dependence, and of these, almost two-thirds said that they had their first symptom before they began smoking every day or...   [tags: Drugs ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1151 words
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Tendencies of Developing an Addiction - ... Laviola et al. supports this risk factor in her suggestion that the maturational rearrangements in the brain and hormonal systems in adolescents could be a factor, but more importantly in that the typical characteristic of novelty-seeking in adolescents could explain their high vulnerability. Her findings demonstrated that late adolescence MDMA (ecstasy) human users as well as periadolescent mice were characterized with high levels of novelty-seeking compared to controls. (Laviola et al., 1999, pp....   [tags: vulnerability, behavior, stigmatized] 1630 words
(4.7 pages)
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Government Addiction and The Illegal Trade - Government dependency is replacing the illegal drug trade as the most destructive force in our country. The drug kingpins are the politicians we elect, who then appoint their bureaucrats to act as the pushers. We welcome them into our homes, neighborhoods, schools, businesses, and into every corner of society to feed this addition to big-government money. Exhibiting few differences from drug dealers, the idea is to get more and more people hooked, thus assuring millions of mindless users for life....   [tags: drug kingpins, politicians, bureaucrats] 780 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Strength to Overcome Addiction - ... The abuse of drugs is the “recreational use of a substance that results in impairment, negative consequences, and decline” (“Narcotic Abuse signs and symptoms”). A continual abuse habit eventually turns into a dependency. Withdrawal is not as common with abuse, as it is with dependency. When one is dependent is unable to reduce drug use or stop using because the brain chemically depends on the drug. Dependents usually spend their day using or trying to obtain the drug they need (“Narcotic Abuse signs and symptoms”)....   [tags: support, drugs, effects] 1326 words
(3.8 pages)
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The Effects of Methamphetamine Addiction - Don't let incarceration or death affect the life of you, or someone that you love. Understanding the horrific effects of methamphetamine can make a difference in life or death. According to T. Lopez (2014), at age eighteen she lost her father due to the impact that methamphetamine had on his heart and kidneys. Nevertheless, a few years later she and her husband became a victim of the awful cycle of addiction. Unfortunately, due to their addiction they became involved in criminal activity and found their selves jailed leaving behind their five children....   [tags: legal issues, drugs, criminal activity]
:: 10 Works Cited
970 words
(2.8 pages)
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The Role of Gender In Substance Addiction - The Role of Gender In Substance Addiction Socio-Cultural Dimensions in Counseling Submitted by: D Cooper December 19, 2013 Introduction This research paper will examine the issue of gender and its role in influiencing substance use. Specifically, this paper will address the issue as to what gender is more likely to engage in substance use and why, as well as the possible and promising substance abuse treatment options that may be available. Most of he articles that I will be referring in this paper will focus on marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use in relation to African American, Caucasian, and Latino ethnic groups....   [tags: ethnicity, tobacco, marijuana, alcohol]
:: 11 Works Cited
1512 words
(4.3 pages)
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Addiction and the Human Brain - Addiction Man has battled with addiction to drugs as early as 5000 B.C. when the people of Asia Minor were know to use a “joy plant” derived from the poppy seed (Hansen, Venturelli, & Fleckenstein, 2010). It is estimated that the illicit use of drugs and addictions between “medical, economic, criminal, and social impact” costs Americans nearly half a trillion dollars a year. In addition, 100,000 people lose their lives every year due to the illicit use of drugs (Volkow, 2010). Chronic, relapsing, compulsive, urge, and impulse are just a few of the words used to describe the “brain disease” commonly known as addiction (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2011)....   [tags: Drugs ]
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1447 words
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Eating and Addiction: Anorexia Nervosa - Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any mental illness. At first, the symptoms do not seem serious. Sufferers will grow a downy layer of hair all over their bodies to compensate for having virtually no body fat. Blackouts become common. Long hair that had been coveted comes out in the shower (Arnold). And yet when the victim looks in the mirror, they see themselves as they looked before they were stricken with the disease. While anorexia nervosa is often equated with a pathological fear of losing control and hence gaining weight, no one is really certain exactly how it works....   [tags: mental illness, eating disorders]
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Internet Addiction Disorder - The World Wide Web is an intriguing information highway. Its beginnings only date back to the 1990’s, but it has quickly become a major staple in our lives. As with anything there is a good and bad side. Americans and people around the world are becoming more and more reliant on using the internet for their informational, academic, social, entertainment, organizational, and connectional needs. Along with all of the good that this has brought a new disorder is arising, internet addiction disorder....   [tags: Internet Addiction Essays]
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Gia's Addiction to Heroine - ... However, her addiction to heroin led to her self-destruction. Upon Gia’s rise to fame, drugs, sex, and money surrounded her. According to Courtwright, (2010) access to drugs may not warrant drug use, however, it is definitely a fundamental precondition. Gia’s access to heroin opened up a world that which unfortunately she could not escape. Gia’s addiction to heroin was caused by many factors that I will explore. Gia had multiple psychosocial aspects that influenced the start of her drug addiction....   [tags: super model drug addicts and AIDS victims] 1992 words
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Drug Addiction and Health Problems - ... Depending on the drug, it can enter the body in a number of ways, including injection, inhalation, and ingestion.  The method of how it enters the body impacts on how the drug affects the person.  For example, injection takes the drug directly into the blood stream, providing more immediate effects; while ingestion requires the drug to pass through the digestive system, delaying the effects. Most abused drugs directly or indirectly target the brain’s reward system by flooding the circuit with dopamine.  Dopamine is a neurotransmitter present in regions of the brain that regulate movement, emotion, cognition, motivations, and feelings of pleasure.  When drugs enter the brain, they can act...   [tags: abuse, tolerance, withdrawal, disease] 951 words
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Teen Internet Addiction - Internet addiction goes by many names: Internet Dependency, Internet Compulsivity, and Internet Use Disorder. By any name, an addiction to the Internet completely controls the addict’s life, and causes the Internet to become a priority over family and friends. Similar to drug addictions, the Internet provides a “high” feeling, which addicts become dependent on. Internet addiction is divided into three categories: excessive gaming, sexual preoccupation, and e-mail/text messaging addiction (Medindia 1)....   [tags: Internet Addiction Disorder]
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Trying to Overcome their Sexual Addiction or Dependency - In the article Is Sex Addiction or Sin by Mary Voboril, she shares a story about Bill R, a South Floridian. “I couldn't walk out and get a quart of milk at 8 a.m. without thinking about it…This was not, however, your usual drug. The addictive agent here was sex, promiscuous, anonymous sex with literally hundreds of partners. For Bill R., resisting junk sex was like asking an advanced alcoholic to put down the day's first drink. I was constantly preoccupied with sex or in the act of sex or feeling guilt and shame for having been in the act of sex....   [tags: std, sex addiction, promiscuous sex]
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What is Internet Addiction? - Technology is slowly becoming part off society’s daily activities. Once we wake up in the morning with the assistance from our alarm clocks, to the moment we turn off the lights to go to bed, we are regularly reminded that we are now living in a modern world. Technology is present everywhere we turn. One of the most important products of technology is the internet. The World Wide Web (www) is part of almost everyone’s everyday life. In addition to the uses of computers, we can use our hand held devices to access the internet as well....   [tags: technology, internet, games, user] 1192 words
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Substance Abuse and Addiction - ... So far, such a distinction seems irrelevant because either form of addiction can have disastrous, even fatal, consequences (Dawes et al., 2011). The positive reward model: The positive reward theory of substance addiction arose from animal research that was started in the 1950s. Before that time, researchers believed that animals could not become addicted to drugs, thinking that animals were not capable of learning an association between the time a drug is injected and the onset of its effects....   [tags: alcohol, social problems, illness]
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Pharmacotherapy in Drug Addiction - Addiction is a dependence on a substance where the individual who is affected feels defenseless and unable to stop the obsession to use a substance or prevent a particular behavior. Millions of Americans have addictions to drugs, alcohol, nicotine, and even to behaviors such as obsessive gambling. Pharmacotherapy is a treatment process in which a counselor can use a particular drug to counter act an addictive drug or behavior. Not all counselors agree with this type of treatment. However in order to provide a client with an ethical treatment and unbiased opinions they should be made aware of all scientific evidence of different treatment options....   [tags: Treatment Process, Medication]
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Drug Abuse and Addiction - ... Using drugs at an early age over a long period of time can cause a greater addiction, which becomes harder to overcome. Still, not everyone can become an addict. Law Enforcement is taking a strong approach to combat this disease. Officers’s “Flip” suspects in doing this they use a lower dealer to get to an individual who maybe higher up in the hierarchy Many people think that doing drugs is only a one time thing during which they get the feeling of being “stoned.” However, many do not know the consequences that come from that one time use....   [tags: effects and prevention]
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The New Addiction- Smartphones - ... However, those activates could be distraction causing them bad outcomes. According to Acton (2013) teens are obsessed with capturing what's going around them with their smartphones camera lens and apps, instead of capturing it with their real eyes and memorizing it. Due to that teens miss many opportunities because they are distracted with their virtual world and forgetting to enjoy the real world. Moreover, many teens accident have been reported in the USA to be due to texting and driving. To clarify, teens know that texting and driving is a horrible idea, yet so many of them still do it....   [tags: technological advancements, media] 931 words
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Society's Addiction to Computers - Over the past years, with the exponential advance in technology, computers have developed to be the leader of the world. Increasingly, computers are playing more roles in helping people to remember a friend’s birthday or maintain relationships with others. Therefore, they have contributed positive to the development of relationships and improvement of the general knowledge of the society. Critics however argue that the society is becoming progressively more dependent on computers. In this essay, the arguments for the dependency on computers will be presented in terms of it being a basic necessity and how social and physical activities are being overwhelmed by them and the unleashing in healt...   [tags: Contributions, Dependence, Physical Activites]
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Communication and Internet Addiction - In her article “Friends Indeed?” Joel Garreau explains that for two decades, online social networks have been touted as one of the finest flowerings of our new era. But what is the strength of ties so weak as to barely exist. Who will lend you lunch money. Who’s got your back?” Technology has overtaken individuals by social media, allowing many people to communicate online rather than having face-to-face communication. Many “relationships” begin online, and end online. Although, true relationships are rarely created fast, it gradually grows and becomes stronger and stronger over the years....   [tags: Technology, Depression]
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Petroleum: An American Addiction - America the beautiful, land of the greed and the home of oil. Along with being a major superpower comes an insurmountable thirst for fossil fuels. Imperialist ideals and the corporate oil empire can bring stability and jobs but heavy costs also arise. Numerous solutions have been tried, but without fixing the underlying problem more issues are inevitable. Our over-consumption has an incredible effect on our reliance on foreign oil. OPEC, the Organization of the Oil Producing Countries, has supplied Americans with a constant flow of both oil and jobs....   [tags: reserves, fuel cost]
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Internet Addiction - Internet Addiction Introduction While some media news and reports seem to be truthful in their effort to inform and educate the public regarding internet addiction, it is not surprising to see bad science and misinterpretation presented in others on the same issue. The media coverage of internet addiction is damaging and blowing the issue out of context. The widespread internet concern is reinforced and underpinned by media reporting about internet addiction and young people, characteristically stressing its destructive consequence on the physical and mental health of users....   [tags: medical disorder, bizarre habits]
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Not Enough Supporting Research for "Addiction in Free Markets" - So what. After reading Bruce Alexander’s and Stefa Shaler’s essay “Addiction in Free Markets”, this would be the first reaction of many readers, as it was my reaction upon completion of the essay. Although Alexander and Shaler discussed a very important issue concerning ‘Addiction in Free Markets’, they do not provide sufficient resources or correlative research to prove their argument. Firstly, their thesis statement does not agree with many of the facts and statements that are being presented throughout the essay....   [tags: Addiction, Free Markets, ] 1725 words
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Video Game Addiction and its Side Effects - We all remember playing our very first video game. Mine was “Super Mario” on the NES console. We were intrigued to see characters move from one side of the screen to the next, from one world to another. It seemed to me like it was an art, with different designed backgrounds, colors and animations. However, not all of us notice when it is time to stop playing them. This is still a problem to this day; children do not know when to stop playing video games. The problem this causes us is the behavior towards the people close to us, like an illness that eats us from the inside, we just push them aside....   [tags: Video Game Industry, Addiction]
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Anti-addiction Medicines Could be Used to Treat the Obesity Related to Food Addiction - Obesity, associated with some serious health problems, including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer, has become a serious problem in the USA, and over one-third of American adults are obese (Makowski, 2011, p. 489). However, there are few available and effective drugs to treat obesity. In fact, the last obesity drug approved in the United States was Xenical® in 1999, which is little used but the only medicine for long-term obesity treatments (Pollack, 2011, February 1). Currently, there is some evidence shown the link between obesity and addiction....   [tags: Bupropion and Naltrexone]
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Video Game Addiction - ... However, addiction lies further than basic chemistry. There is a psychological factor at play as well. The fantasy of online role playing lures players into a virtual world and become anyone they choose. Fat can be skinny, ugly can be beautiful, unpopular becomes king. Domination becomes their new reality. Their fantasy world can become real and make them better (Rauh, 2006). While gaming can seem harmless compared to the dangerous and lasting effects of drugs or alcohol overdoses, it has the chance to ruin many lives....   [tags: compulsive gaming] 534 words
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Current Trends in Drug and Alcohol Addiction - Humanity has had a long relationship with drugs and alcohol, so long that Stone Age beer jugs dating back to 10,000 BC have been discovered. Some historians argue that beer predates bread as a staple of human consumption (Hanson, 2013, Para. 1). As the centuries passed alcohol and drugs became ingrained in the early cultures of recorded history, the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and early Christians all utilized mind-altering substances in ceremony and celebration (Hanson, 2013, Para. 3). Today, drugs and alcohol still play an active role in societies around the world....   [tags: psychoactive drugs, alcohol recovery]
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Teenage Drug Addiction - Drug Addiction in Teenagers Drugs have been around for a long time and there are many different reasons for them. In particular, they have been misused by teenagers over the years, but in today’s society drug use is at its highest level. Young adults do not deal with their problems in a healthy way, instead they turn to drugs as a solution. Teens who abuse drugs hurt their loved ones and the people who care the most about them. Drugs impact the health of a young adult because they affect not only the physical development and the brain, but they also carry psychological implications....   [tags: Illegal Drugs] 1092 words
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Video Game Addiction - Video game addiction has always been the main topic of controversies recently due to its impact on the young generation. In spite of the fact that it helps us to enjoy ourselves during recess and economically contributes to several countries’ income, its negative affects towards children and teenagers and so on, need our consideration. Merely in 2001, people in the US spent roughly 9.8 billions dollars on video game and this number increasingly enlarges in time. Besides, people who overplay those video games commonly have to confront a high chance of getting either mental or physical diseases or even both....   [tags: Video Games]
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The Role of Drug Courts in Curing Addiction - ... Laxity had characterized the execution of criminal justice and thus re-emergency of the drug courts is timely and crucial. The drug courts help much in curing the addiction and great joy awaits any family whose their member was a Rebecca’s work is incredible and any scholar can rely on it. However, a close analysis reveals some critique that can easily be turned against her. Through repetition, she affirms that the primary role of drug courts is to ease prison crowd pressure by curing the addiction in rehab facilities....   [tags: channeling nonviolent offenders into rehab] 982 words
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The Problems Brought by Social Media Addiction - ... In adults, 72% spend more than 23 hours a week on average on social media including: texting, email, and other online communication (Morrison 1). In conclusion, The American Psychiatric Association has not classified “Internet/ Social Media Addiction” as a disorder, and psychologists have warned that addiction is serious and people comparing it with other issues should be careful (Laster, 2). Adolescents that spend a majority of their time on the internet, result in low grades, depression, and loss of sleep (Webroot, Too Much Time Online)....   [tags: low grades, depression, sleep ]
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Abstinence Experience Assignment - After reading about the abstinence experience assignment, giving up the daytime show “The Young and the Restless” came to mind. However, my immediate answer to myself was “no way.” I attempted to think of something else that would be more difficult. I find it odd that dieting did not come to mind during my pre-contemplation stage. I kept trying to come up with something other than giving up my favorite show. I attempted to minimize the impact that missing the show would have on me by telling myself that the Young and the Restless show really is not be a big deal ; I needed to find something else that would give me a true feel for what a person who is attempting to abstain fro...   [tags: Addiction] 1177 words
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Drug Abuse and The Theories Behind Addiction - ... It seems she was not getting the same relief from the alcohol causing her to find ways to drink more (i.e., making herself sick). As a result of years of use she had entered a neuro-adaptive state where tolerance had caused an increased need for alcohol. This state also accounts for the extreme withdrawal symptoms she experienced when she quit drinking. Just as there are many models and causes of abuse, there are also many theories of addiction. Addiction theories are based in the biopsychosocial approach to addiction....   [tags: alcohol, personality theories] 955 words
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Theory of Alcohol Addiction: Case Study - ... The African-American male is a retired labor movement organizer and has a daughter who has been clean now for several years. The Caucasian female is a therapist in the field of addiction and has twenty-two years clean. The African-American/Puerto Rican lesbian is a dog groomer who has struggled with staying clean for the past twenty-three years. Each person chosen has a personal connection my father, my sponsor, and my ex-partner of three years. Although the group appears to be diverse they all have a common denominator each one is open to share their experience and belief system for this study....   [tags: Morals, Examples, Experiences] 834 words
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Negative Effects of Computer Addiction to the Academic Performance of Engineering Students - What is computer addiction. Is it bad. How does it affect the academic performance of engineering students. And how does the students adapt to this kind of addiction. Computer addiction is excessive use of the computer which leads to serious negative consequences for personal, social, or on the behavior of an individual. A study made by Block (2008), stated that "Conceptually, the diagnosis is a compulsive-impulsive spectrum disorder that involves online and/or offline computer usage and consists of at least three subtypes: excessive gaming, sexual preoccupations, and e-mail/text messaging"....   [tags: internet addiction, academic performance ]
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Global Trade and Addiction during the Age of Exploration - Maritime advances of the 1500s made Western Europe’s ambitions for global trade feasible and thus gave birth to Europe’s Age of Exploration. Through the combined use of caravels, compasses, and astrolabes, Europeans stumbled upon commodities in foreign lands known as “drug foods”. Consequently, this introduction would have a lasting impact on the Europeans, they became drug addicts. Furthermore, this addiction, the demand for these drugs, became permanently embedded into European culture. To please an everlasting demand, Europeans had to decide on how to frugally acquire these commodities....   [tags: Global Trade, Addiction, Age of Exploration, food,] 749 words
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Addiction to Alcoholism in Edgar Allan Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado - Alcoholism is the addiction to the intake of alcoholic liquor or the psychological illness and neurotic behavior resulting from alcohol dependency. There is a time and place for alcohol consumption in every culture. It’s a growing problem in America’s society and culture today. Revenge and trust are an issue in this short story. In Edgar Allan Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado, Montresor symbolizes Poe’s alcoholism, whereas Fortunato represents himself, the man who is trying to reach satisfaction and eventually gets imprisoned by his minute habit....   [tags: addiction, psychology, liver] 1030 words
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