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The Shortcomings of Standardized Testing - Since the U.S. Congress passed the No Child Left Behind program, standardized testing has become the norm for American schools. Under this system, each child attending a school is required to take a standardized test at specific grade points to assess their level of comprehension. Parents, scholars and all stakeholders involved take part in constant discussions over its effectiveness in evaluating students’ comprehension, teachers’ competency and the effects of the test on the education system. Though these tests were put in place to create equality, experts note that they have created more inequality in the classroom....   [tags: no child left behind program]
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1649 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Horrors of Animal Testing - ... Scientists have put all their faith in ambiguous animal “models” that do not necessarily translate to humans (American). Animal studies are said to be “flawed by design,” but there has been an unprecedented increase in funding for biomedical research on animals and there has been no success (American). This reliance on animal experimentation is impeding and delaying discoveries (American). Yet scientists still push forward in their research; not because it has been proven to be the best science, but because of the personal biases held by the experimenters and their archaic traditions (Peta)....   [tags: animal abuse and exploitation] 954 words
(2.7 pages)
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Another Look at Animal Testing - ... Another example of why animals are used is found in the article written by Murnaghan where he writes, “beagles are often used and are considered an effective model for diseases and conditions in humans. Areas including hormonal disorders, cardiology, ostepophatic studies have all benefited for the use of dogs” (Murnaghan, 2011). As a result, the problems and the diseases people face are able to be resolved and benefit people through the use of animals. Besides the medical research benefiting humans, there is also a great significance for biomedical research that leads directly to veterinary treatments....   [tags: animal cruelty, exploitation and abuse] 1142 words
(3.3 pages)
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Projective Testing for Analyzing Personality - Projective tests are a measure for analyzing personality. They are established in the idea of Sigmund Freud’s theory of unconscious processes. Projective techniques were first sought out as a means for people to unconsciously project their personality on to obscure or vague stimuli, possibly revealing the patient’s internal conflicts and hidden emotions. Projective testing has been found to significantly differ from other objective psychological tests through the range of possible responses making them difficult to standardize and evaluate (Trull, 2005)....   [tags: Psychology]
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2530 words
(7.2 pages)
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Animal Testing For Scientific Purposes - Animal Experimentation has been around for centuries. In fact, animal testing dates back to the days of Aristotle. During these times, scientists would dissect animals to test surgical procedures before using these procedures on humans, which is similar to what we do now. Today, vivisection, the use of animals for scientific purposes, helps and hinders medical research and development. Therefore, there are many pros and cons to animals testing for scientific research. So far animal testing has resulted in the increase of countless human and animal lives and life expectancies around the world....   [tags: Animal Experimentation, History, Polio, Rubella]
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943 words
(2.7 pages)
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Drug Testing for Welfare Recipients - The history of social welfare can be traced back to ancient times, but the time most influential to the start of social welfare programs in the United States occurred during the great depression. In 1935, then President Theodore Roosevelt introduced the Social Security Act. This act guaranteed pensions, unemployment insurance, and help for children and the disabled. The Works Progress Administration was also put in to place and helped unemployed people find jobs (HISTORY.COM-New Deal). A proposition to mandate drug testing for recipients has been brought up in more recent times, namely by Governor Rick Scott (R) of Florida....   [tags: Welfare Reform Essays]
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2110 words
(6 pages)
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The Morality of Animal Testing - Since the beginning of time animals have been sacrificed for the benefit of mankind from on a traditional altar form to the lab table. The morality of animal testing is being increasingly questioned, becoming a hot topic in the media. Where does it say that because humans can express degrees of pain it is okay to test on animals instead. Both humans and animals are not only genetically similar but structurally as well, but animals also react differently to disease. Animals are tested on because humans have a superior feeling towards them because they are able to communicate and appear differently....   [tags: animals, sacrificed, experiments]
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1727 words
(4.9 pages)
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Common Software Testing Methodologies - ... The functionality testing uses following strategy to check if the web application is functionally correct or not • Test the working of all the links on a web page • Test all the database connection are established and release properly • Test if the forms used for capturing the user information are properly accepting the data and is able to submit it without any loss, to the backend systems • Test the cookies for web application are setting properly Testing all the links in a web page As part of testing links in the web site, following are general test which can be done • Testing the outgoing links from all the pages • Testing all the internal links between pages • Testing links which po...   [tags: web applications, changes, security] 1264 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Cruelty of Animal Testing - Each year, 50 to 100 million animals are killed around the world for experimentation purposes and drug research. The AWA covered only 1,134,693 animals tested in 2010, leaving out at least 25 million that are unaccounted for by the AWA (ProCon.org). “There are many examples of humans taking advantage of their ability to dominate other species—capturing them, holding them in tiny cages, even subjecting them to artificial whiplash—to see what happens” (Driscoll et al). This was actually a real incident that occurred at the University of Pennsylvania in 1983, where monkeys were exposed to hydraulic equipment that was intended to cause whiplash; this resulted in brain damage....   [tags: experimentation, peta, humane society] 2218 words
(6.3 pages)
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The History of Drug Testing - ... heightened. President Nixon increased the war against drugs by increasing and expanding the federal drug control agencies (The Drug Policy Alliance [DPA] 1). Subsequent American presidents also advocated for the war against drugs. For example, President George W. Bush allocated more money than ever to the war against drugs and further introduced drug testing to students (DPA 1). Because of government efforts in the fight against illicit drugs, drug testing became popular and various testing techniques introduced to facilitate the work of anti-drug agencies....   [tags: social and economic status] 663 words
(1.9 pages)
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Genetic Testing or Genetic Screening - Genetic testing, also known as screening, is a rapidly advancing new scientific field that can potentially revolutionize not only the world of medicine, but many aspects of our lives. Genetic screening is the sequencing of human DNA in order to discover genetic differences, anomalies, or mutations that may prove pathological. As genetic screening becomes more advanced and easily accessible, it presents society with difficult questions that must be asked about the boundaries of science and to what degree we are allowed to tamper with the human genome....   [tags: prenatal genetic screening, diagnosis]
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1504 words
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The Problems With College-Entrance Testing - One of the most stressful experiences for a high school senior is the search for the college. So once these senior students finally develop a plan, why is it that they may not be able to achieve what they desire. Colleges and universities today are becoming more and more competitive, sometimes to the point of exclusive. With that it is fair to say that entrance to certain schools may be more difficult and extensive than the others based on popularity and demand. When this happens, colleges are looking for the best of the best in academics, the student who will represent and be the best for their institution....   [tags: Standardized Tests in College Admissions]
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2610 words
(7.5 pages)
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A Case Against Animal Testing - ... People believe there is no other way to experiment except on animals since, chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. All mammals, including humans, come from common ancestors, and all have the same set of organs that function the same way. On the other hand animals are very different from human beings and therefore make poor test subjects. The metabolism differences between animals and people make animals poor models for human beings. Paul Furlong, Professor of Clinical Neuroimaging at Aston University, states that "it's very hard to create an animal model that even equates closely to what we're trying to achieve in the human"(Paul F...   [tags: abuse, exploitation, inhumane treatment]
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886 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Disadvantages of Standardizing Testing - Our teachers spend time on the memorization of specific words that will be on the state test, not vocabulary building exercises. Educators have pep rallies that take educational time away from lesson plans and teaching, in order to have the students learn cheers expressing how well they are going to do on the state test. Excess teacher and administration time is spent figuring out game plans, but not for teaching students, rather for figuring out how to increase test scores. Meanwhile, when students are truly excited about exploring a topic in depth, they are shut down because there is no time to learn, only time to memorize items that might be on these tests....   [tags: Academic Success, Learning] 922 words
(2.6 pages)
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Possible Solutions for Standardized Testing - ... The result of using rubrics would allow teachers to view students’ performance as referenced to certain criteria to show students weaknesses and strengths. Rubrics give teachers an indication of how well students are learning certain concept. For example, in order for a student to show he is proficient in critical thinking, he must be able to do the following: (1) explain an issue or problem; (2) investigate evidence; (3) qualify the influence of context and assumptions in an issue or problem; (4) present their own perspectives, hypothesis, or position on an issue or problem; and (5) present their own conclusions, as well as the implications and consequences of their conclusions (Maki, P...   [tags: knowledge evaluation, assessment]
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1079 words
(3.1 pages)
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Public Education and Standard Testing - ... (Brimijoin). Teachers can greatly influence the results on standardized tests and the education the students receive. Standardized test have no use without the students who take them and the students rely on them. Unfortunately, the uncertainty of standardized testing is that it doesn’t provide a clear picture of a student’s knowledge and skill of subject matter, or the interrelatedness to other content areas. (Moore). Since standardized test can’t provide a clear picture for a student, these test shouldn’t really make the decisions of a student’s educational future....   [tags: Teaching, Students, Evaluation] 892 words
(2.5 pages)
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DNA Testing in Crime Scenes - ... This type of analysis allows smaller degraded pieces of DNA to still be successfully tested (Lyman, 2014) . There are several steps taken when analyzing DNA in forensics. When testing scientists must first isolate the DNA so it is not contaminated and can't be used. Lab technicians the take small pieces of the DNA, conserving as much as they can encase they need to test again. Once testing is done the next step is determining the DNA test results and finally there is the comparison and interpretation of the test results from the unknown and known samples to determine whether the known individual is not the source of the DNA or is included as a possible source of DNA (USA.Gov, 2012) ....   [tags: Evidence, Cases]
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572 words
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An Argument Against Animal Testing - There have been many attempts to validate the case against animal rights. It has been perceived that humans are separate beings from animals not only on a physical level, but also through rational autonomy and morality. There is a forgotten aspect in this argument though. Within society there are many people who do not have these qualities, including the mentally disabled and babies (Singer). This creates the assumption that to consider animals deficient of rights is to insinuate that the mentally disabled and babies are void of rights as well....   [tags: Rational Autonomy, Morality]
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637 words
(1.8 pages)
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Ethical Issues of Standarized Testing - In the contemporary American education system, high risk standardized testing has resulted in a monumental shift in the classroom to a focus on extensive test preparation, as well as a large influx of instructors cheating and alternating their students tests; both can be seen as a direct consequence of the heightened incentives and punishments placed upon teachers. Many teachers have taken acceptable measures in improving their students’ scores, such as simply “teaching to the test”, and taking class time to teach test taking techniques and procedures often resulting in a significant loss in time for other important standards and benchmarks that are not tested on....   [tags: school tests, student's scores, education system]
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1333 words
(3.8 pages)
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Prostate Cancer and PSA Testing - Introduction Prostate Cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer affecting men and the second leading cause of cancer death among American men (Qaseem, Denberg, Owens, & Shekelle, 2013). Medical professionals have been using prostate specific antigen (PSA) screenings along with digital rectal exam (DRE) for many years to screen for prostate cancer. PSA was first identified in 1966 in semen, followed by the identification of PSA in blood in 1979. The PSA test has been approved for use since 1994 to detect early prostate cancer....   [tags: Pros, Cons, Prostate Cancer]
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1251 words
(3.6 pages)
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Human Testing and Organs-on-a-Chip - In this paper, I will defend the usage of organs-on a-chip in medical research as well as the use of humans as test subjects for bio-medical research. My argument is based on the idea that human testing and organs-on-a-chip can potentially improve the field of medical research by reducing the time-frame for obtaining results in combatting against diseases, epidemics, and pandemics. Firstly, I will outline the deficiencies of animal testing and describe how the organs-on-a-chip operates. I will then explain why the use of organs-on-a-chip can yield accurate and timely results which could reduce the impact of disease outbreaks....   [tags: research, disease, operate, flaws] 2819 words
(8.1 pages)
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Results of Animal Testing - ... Magel (Vegan Peace 2008). Animal testing has developed into a virulent outbreak in animal experimentations. Testing on animals has resulted into extensively convicted “lethal dose” evaluations, where animals are compelled to consume enormous supplies of an evaluation synthetic to establish what dose generates the end of life ("11 Facts about Animal Testing”). Animal testing results to death in animals because what the body of a human cannot handle does not determine what the body of animal can....   [tags: mistreatment and eradication of animals]
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785 words
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Introduction to Hardware Testing - ... In this paper, detailed description about the how self-test is done, BIST architecture, its working and many other concepts are discussed. Index Terms—BIST, built-in self-test, hardware design test, circuit testing, feedback circuits, hardware testing, automatic testing, digital integrated circuit testing, logic testing. I. INTRODUCTION TO HARDWARE TESTING T here is tremendous advancement in design and implementing hardware systems. A complex and very powerful system can be built using tools such as VHDL....   [tags: vhdl, software test, traditional methodologies] 514 words
(1.5 pages)
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Morality of Animal Testing - "Ask the experimenters why they experiment on animals, and the answer is: 'Because the animals are like us.' Ask the experimenters why it is morally OK to experiment on animals, and the answer is: 'Because the animals are not like us.' Animal experimentation rests on logical contradiction." stated Professor Charles R. Magel ("Animal Testing 101"). We all use some product that has been tested on animals. Something as simple as the soap we use every morning in the shower has been tested on an animal....   [tags: Animal Rights] 1398 words
(4 pages)
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Animal Testing for Research - All over the planet, animals are locked in cages, away from their habitat and against their will, in testing laboratories where they just seat defenseless and in fear for the unknown. It is a common practice that animals are used for medical testing in order to find compatibility chemicals to either, cure certain diseases, or as simple as hair products and skin cosmetics. The use of these types of chemicals in animals is to prevent testing on humans and cause some type of injury due to incompatible organism with the human body....   [tags: human society, animal experimentation]
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861 words
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History of Animal Testing - ... English physician William Harvey discovered that the heart, and not the lungs circulated blood around the body. He found this as a result of his experimentation on live animals. Since 1948, animals have been used in a space program in the US, for testing aspects of space travel. Since the Vietnam War, animals have also been used in military training. Every year, over 25 million animals are used in a series of different experiments. Some include cosmetics and biomedical experimentation. Invertebrates are much more common than vertebrates in animal testing....   [tags: experiments, immune system, diseases] 520 words
(1.5 pages)
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Animal Testing Is Wrong - Animal testing has been around since the third and fourth centuries BC, when it was performed by Greek philosopher-physicians. However, it is unknown when people began to question this process. In today’s society, the idea of testing products on animals has become more and more controversial with numerous groups being created and becoming even more vocal. While people will decide for themselves where they stand in this argument, I would hope that most would agree that animal abuse is wrong. So, if animal abuse is wrong and animal testing can be, and usually is, much more painful and severe than animal abuse; why can’t people agree on the subject of animal testing....   [tags: anatomy, greek philosopher]
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1606 words
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Is Animal Testing Necessary? - Throughout the years animal rights groups and organizations have frowned upon animal experiments. Animal testing has been thought to be inhumane and cold-hearted to animals. Because of these accusations medical researchers have to suffer threats from individuals and the media. If animal testing weren’t allowed would that be a drawback in advancement in medical research. Animal testing is beneficial to people because these trails lead to improvements in medical research. Animal experiments have led to finding new cures and vaccines to fatal illnesses....   [tags: research, science, inhumane] 2044 words
(5.8 pages)
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High School Drug Testing - ... The goal of high school is to educate and prepare students for a successful future, but how can a students future be successful if they are doing drugs. Research and statistics have shown that drug use and dropout rates go hand in hand. The annual dropout rate in the United States is extremely high. One in seven students will drop out of high school before receiving their diploma and over thirty percent of these dropouts use drugs illegally. Many high schools around the nation are cracking down on their students; they are performing random drug screenings in attempt to lower drug use....   [tags: students, environment, prevent, learning] 783 words
(2.2 pages)
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Alternative to Animal Testing - Alternatives to Animal Testing Animal testing has become a controversial issue among many people in the world today. Some of these people involved in this controversial debate believe that animal testing is unethical and should be replaced by other methods. The other group of people in this debate believe that animal testing is necessary in order to research new products that cannot be tested on humans. Traditional animal testing forces animals to undergo numerous experiments for different forms of research....   [tags: science, unethical issues, inhumane treatment]
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906 words
(2.6 pages)
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Overview of Genetic Testing - 2014 The National Institutes of Health Genetics Home Reference defines genetic testing as “a type of medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins”. Genetic testing is used to determine if there are variations, additions or deletions in the DNA of a genome. These differences in DNA sequencing is what contributes to an individual’s traits but also affects whether there are risks for carrying a disease trait or the possibility of developing a genetic disorder. Gene mutations can occur at various times during the life cycle....   [tags: Biology, Medicine]
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1889 words
(5.4 pages)
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The Monster: School Testing - ... If the student does poorly then the teacher or the parents of the student may need to help the student focus more. Aside from seeing how well a student may have understood a subject it allows the educator to see if the student is ready to move onto another topic. Maybe the students are in elementary and they are learning how to do addition and the teacher tests them to see how well they understood it, if they are ready the teacher may move onto subtraction. This is in essence how standardized testing works but on a much larger scale and only looks into how well students understand....   [tags: fundings, school district, NCLB] 1148 words
(3.3 pages)
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We Need Animal Testing - ... Chronic testing is used to determine if the chemical or medication will cause cancer or birth defects. Chronic testing is conducted over a long period of time (Watson 22). The first record of animal testing was in 450 BCE. A Greek philosopher named Alcmaeon of Croton cut open a dog’s eye. This test helped doctors understand how people went blind. Between 129 and 150 CE a Roman physician, Claudius Galen, learned about nerves and muscles by dissecting farm animals. Decade’s later medical breakthroughs were made from using animals....   [tags: research and development projects] 2205 words
(6.3 pages)
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Animal Testing is Wrong! - Picture yourself in a testing laboratory; needles, drugs, and knives pointed in your direction with you having no idea what’s going on around you, this is how animals everyday are treated, we have to stop this now. Millions of animals are killed in laboratories everyday with no chance to object to what the testers are about to do to them. Animals feel as much pain as humans do so why does it make it okay to test on them when they are so alike to humans. Every day people test makeup, shampoos, and medicines on animals, the strange thing is that animals have different skin, hair, and internal organs than humans have....   [tags: Argumentative Essay, Persuasive Essay]
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938 words
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Is High-Stakes Testing Effective? - The issue of high-stakes testing is a substantial topic in the world of education today. Some find it to be a useful tool in making decisions in education. By using the results from a high stakes test, schools are able to decide where each student should go next. By setting high standards and high expectations, schools are ensuring that their tests have a purpose. (National Research Council, 1999) Others disagree and find high-stakes testing to be a complete waste of time. In Massachusetts, professors are protesting the use of these tests....   [tags: education, schools]
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1195 words
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Genetic Testing in Humans - Every human carries about half a dozen defective genes that could become harmful in the future. With today’s technology, it is now easier to find these defective genes through genetic testing. Genetic testing is the analyses or screening of an individuals DNA sequence in order to analyze health risks, trace ancestry, and prevent passing on illnesses to offspring. Genetic testing can provide information about individuals’ genes throughout their lifetime but is a complex process that has many uses and benefits yet sparks controversial issues....   [tags: Defective Genes, Genetic Changes, Future]
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1249 words
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Arguing Against Standardized Testing - To many students standardized testing has become another part of schooling that is dreaded. Standardized testing has been a part of school since the nineteen-thirties; in those days it was used as a way to measure students that had special needs. Since the time that standardized test have been in American schools there has been many programs that have placed an importance on the idea of standardized testing such as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (Evans 1). Over the years the importance of standardized testing has increased tremendously and so has the stakes, not only for teachers but also students....   [tags: Educational Issues, Learning Styles]
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2421 words
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Biotechnology and Genetic Testing - Genetic testing is becoming more and more common as advancements in biotechnology are being made. The term “genetic testing” refers to the use of a test that looks for changes in a person’s genes or structure of certain proteins (National Human Genome Research Institute [NHGRI], 2014). Genes are decoded and each letter of the DNA sequence can be determined. There are many uses for this type of testing, including, but not limited to, diagnosis of rare genetic disorders, risk analysis for hereditary diseases, and determining appropriate treatments for patients....   [tags: dna, rna, patiens, research]
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1450 words
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Wat is Animal Testing? - What is animal testing. Animal testing is the use of living animals to performed research into the basics of biology and diseases assessing the effectiveness of new medical products(Humane Society International). But many debating has been done over animal testing, people are either in favor or against the use of animals for medical research. Many say that the use of animals is important for the advancement in medical research, without the use of animals medicine, treatment for cancer, antibiotics for infection, vaccines to help prevent deadly diseases and new technics for transplant would not exists and safe life.(pro-test) As Former UK Officer Minister Joan Ryan quoted “Animals research...   [tags: living animals, research, experiments]
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1008 words
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Abolishment of Animal Testing - Have you ever really thought about what happens during animal testing. How the animals are treated, or what tortures they have to face on a day to day basis. More than one-hundred million animals suffer and die every year through animal testing. Ninety-five percent of animals used in experimentation aren’t even covered under the Animal Welfare Act, which regulates the treatment of the animals that are used for testing. Some animals are abused and mistreated so badly that they die before they are even experimented on....   [tags: Persuasive Essay, Animal Abuse]
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1397 words
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Animal Experimentation and Testing - Every year, a number of animals are locked up and subjected to tests that cause them pain and even death. Animal experimentation is a procedure whereby non-animals are tested and used to develop treatments, check the safety of products for human use, and other commercial and biomedical uses (Woods 24). It is estimated that, over 26 million animals are used every year in the United States for animal experiments. Animal testing is a controversial topic and like any other contentious subject, it faces a great number of support and opposition depending on human perception....   [tags: ethics, morality, research]
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1020 words
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Drug Testing Welfare Recipients - It is assumed by many that people who are receiving public assistance funds are using this money to support their alcohol and or drug addictions. Is drug testing to receive public assistance an answer to this problem. Would making this a condition of eligibility actually push people with serious substance abuse and or dependency problems farther away from the help and treatment they need. Federal Welfare Reform The Federal Welfare reform act which, was passed in the mid 1990’s has changed the way our system addresses these issues....   [tags: substance abuse, disemployment, federal assitance]
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883 words
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Ethics of Animal Testing - ... The benefits of animal research have been enormous and it would have severe consequences for public health and medical research if it were abandoned. On the other hand, it is believed that experimentation is cruel and unnecessary. There is no middle ground when people argue and debate. It is known that the UK has been the only country to go further in creating a law to protect animals from experimentation. The act is called, Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. It requires that proposals for research involving the use of animals must be fully assessed in terms of any harm to the animals....   [tags: a stand against animal abuse]
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760 words
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The Animal Testing Controversy - ... “The Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is responsible for enforcing provisions of the AWA, and the National Institute of Health reviews and approves biomedical research protocols with respect to the use of animals” (“At Issue: Animal Experimentation”). “Every single animal research project must be approved by Home Office inspectors who are all doctors and vets, and by local ethical review committees” ( Pruce 8). Morality of animal testing is scarce....   [tags: cruelty, research, disease]
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742 words
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Animal Testing Should Continue - ... (www.pro-test.org.uk ) At the end of 19th century several deadly diseases immerged such as smallpox, rabies, plague, cholera and typhoid. As a result of vaccinations developed using animal testing. In addition, the experiments saved millions of people worldwide (www.historyofvaccines.org). The work of Louis Pasteur and others inspired many modern scientist to establish the causes of virus and developed vaccines for numerous of infectious disease. His investigation heavily relied on animal experimentation....   [tags: medication, experiments of animals] 872 words
(2.5 pages)
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Biomedical Testing on Animals - ... “Behind chain-linked fences, the 12 bears wander along grassy hills and among Douglas firs and Ponderosa pines, or they relax inside concrete dens and runs” (Rockoff 2). While the animals are still used for testing, they are still able to live happy lives while being in captivity. However, the opposing side argues it is not beneficial to the animals. “Animal rights activists’ push against biomedical research using animals. In the face of ALF raids on numerous medical labs” (Audette 7). However one can assume that the animal rights activist only care about the animals and they, themselves have never been impacted personally by a family member who’s life may have been saved by a drug that...   [tags: scientitsts, medical field] 779 words
(2.2 pages)
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Animal Testing in Cosmetics - Simple household items such as lotions, shampoos and cosmetics aren’t very expensive and are within reach for the public, yet the public is not knowledgeable of the fact that the products that they use everyday are put through a series of tests which involve the use of harmless animals. Several large commercial companies do not make products for animals; they decide that using these harmless creatures for the testing of their products, could be cause to be harmful to animals still go forward with these types of procedures on an everyday basis....   [tags: Animal Rights] 1021 words
(2.9 pages)
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Database Design and Testing - ... Provide an example of a quality assurance or testing activity that occurs during each phase of the lifecycle. (For each phase, identify at least one QA or testing activity that occurs during that phase). (10 points) Planning: An example of a Quality Assurance activity during the Planning phase is “Coordinating Activities”. The Project Manager holds a weekly meeting of the entire team consisting of programmers and analysts working on a system to discuss any changes to the system that have arisen during the past week....   [tags: check the input value, foreign key] 658 words
(1.9 pages)
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Drug Testing Student Athletes - About 90 percent of NCAA colleges do random drug testing on their student-athletes. Through the years, more and more colleges are giving random drug tests to their student-athletes. The student-athletes are having very mixed feelings towards the random testing. I am in favor of the testing just because some of the athletes need to be showed playing sports in college is a privilege. I know that there are several student-athletes that do not act like it is a privilege and that bothers me with how many kids can not go play college sports that are very disserving of the opportunity....   [tags: Colleges, Drug Use]
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2065 words
(5.9 pages)
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Standarized Testing and Alternatives - ... The practice of “teaching the test” can hinder a student’s comprehensive learning potential. With the stakes of standardized tests increasing, this practice will only continue to increase. This practice also creates an atmosphere that is both boring and lacks creativeness. Many students are frustrated and show annoyance at the slow pace test preparation. With the pressure of standardized tests being immense, teachers are neglected to teach skills that are beyond the tests . Students, alike teachers feel an outrageous amounts of pressure to succeed on standardized tests....   [tags: Education, Skills, Knowledge] 1153 words
(3.3 pages)
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High-stakes Testing in Schools - ... While this happens, there is no guarantee the standards will be represented at the same frequency on the next version of the test. The real benefit of this strategy is making sure the students are well practiced and comfortable when participating in the assessment process through the use of benchmark assessments. If teachers are not teaching all of the standards, then there is a problem. The fault of this way of thinking is forgetting that the HST is supposed to measure the standards. Teachers need to be allowed, even encouraged, to teach the standards in a way that engages their students and makes school as fun as possible....   [tags: Education, District] 553 words
(1.6 pages)
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Morality of Animal Testing - Is it right for animals to be used in scientific experimentation. Is it even necessary that they be used. These questions are debated almost if not daily. Many people would think this is a matter of opinion. However, it is actually much more than that. There is the whole history of it, their rights as an animal, the necessity and the cost of doing so. So, it is almost impossible to base your opinion on such a topic as this just on one thing. Animal testing has been around for many, many years. Animals were being used to study the functions of the human body in the third century B.C., in Alexandria by Erasistratus....   [tags: Animal Rights] 719 words
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Psychological Assessment v. Testing - Psychological assessment is an important part of the counselling process. Quite often psychological assessment is confused with psychological testing, even though they are different. According to Cohen & Swerdlik (2009), psychological testing is: “the process of measuring psychology-related variables by means of devices or procedures designed to obtain a sample of behavior” (p. 14). Cohen & Swerdlik (2009) also define psychological assessment as: “the gathering and integration of psychology-related data for the purpose of making a psychological evaluation that is accomplished through the use of tools such as tests, interviews, case studies, behavioral observation, and specially designed appa...   [tags: Psychology]
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Drug Testing Student Athletes - ... . .” After the drug test results come back every student who was tested negative for drugs will be eligible to play sports. Every student who’s test come back positive for any drugs will not be eligible for any school related sports. However they should be given a one month period to get clean and then they should be given the opportunity to retest and become eligible for sports again. The first test should be provided for each student from the school. But if they test positive for drugs and choose to take the 2nd test, that test should be paid for by the student or the students legal guardians....   [tags: standards, role, moel, chocies, example]
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Eugenics and Genetic Testing - ... In order to evaluate a future child’s quality of life Kitcher recognizes the relationship between a child’s genotype and environment. He stresses the importance of a societies ability to support the needs of a disabled child, and the complications involved (11,Kitcher, 218). Disorders such as Hurler syndrome, characterized by stunted development, inexorable cognitive deterioration and premature death usually imply a low quality of life. In a constructionist world societal influence will make it hard for those with genetic diseases to succeed on the basis that the society that they live in do not accept children with these conditions well....   [tags: Morality, Society, Science] 1752 words
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Drug Testing Welfare Recipients - In 2010, 17.5% of unemployed adults collecting some sort of welfare failed drug tests. In 2011, 23.8% of welfare recipients admitted to using illegal drugs, including marijuana. The problem the United States if facing is that welfare recipients are using the cash they are given to purchase illegal drugs. Many of these people purchasing illegal drugs had prior illegal drug abuse problems and some of these people believe that since they are given this “free” money, they can continue on with these addictions instead of finding the help they need to get back onto their own two feet....   [tags: substance abuse, alcohol, marijuana]
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1379 words
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Drug Testing Welfare Recipients - ... The unemployment rate goes beyond the lack of available jobs in the U.S.; unemployment also falls back on the individuals without jobs. While there are many unemployed Americans who do everything in their power to find a job, there are also several who abuse the system. Heritage.org reports that of the adults reported to be using illegal drugs, a majority of the users were unemployed. As seen in Appendix 3, 17.5% of adults using illegal drugs in 2010 were also unemployed. Additionally, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, severe barriers to unemployment were experienced by substance abusing women by more than double of those who do not abuse substances....   [tags: welfare assistance policy needs to change]
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Drug Testing Welfare Recipients - ... Florida Department of Children and Families, the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit ruled that “suspicion less drug testing of welfare recipients is unconstitutional” and violates a citizens Fourth Amendment rights (Verneen, 2013). Applicants are required to pay for a urinalysis, if they have a positive result then they are disqualified from the program for a year (Verneen, 2013). If they pass the drug screen then they are reimbursed for the cost of the test (Verneen, 2013). This is a violation against the Doctrine of Unconstitutional Conditions because the applicant is being forced to consent to a drug screen in order to qualify for welfare (Verneen, 2013)....   [tags: unconstitutional, substance abuse] 1502 words
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Animal Testing Should Stop - ... However, it does tell nothing about the health of humans in consideration of the relationship with the disease (“Animal Experimentation,” n.d.). What it only does is to mislead people and delay medical progress (“Animal Experimentation,” n.d.). ARGUMENTATION Animal experimentation is both painful and unnecessary according to the resources in the literature review section. It is because of the fact that animal physiology, anatomy, and metabolism are not the same as the physiology, anatomy, and metabolism of people (“Problems with Animal Research,” n.d.)....   [tags: scientific experiments, animal rights]
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Faulty Reasoning behind Testing - Children enrolled in Chicago Public Schools (CPS), Kindergarten through Second Grade, are required to take at least three major exams throughout the school year; while children enrolled in Third through Eighth Grade must take four; however, those enrolled in High School must take at least three exams in addition to other optional exams every year. The scores from these exams are used to gauge the academic competency level of students compared to their peers, teachers compared to their colleagues, and neighborhood schools compared to others, locally and globally....   [tags: socioeconomic differences skew results]
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1949 words
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Regression and Hypothesis Testing - ... The regression on the other hand is probably the most used statistical procedure in public health and beyond (example, business, law, administrative area, banks, etc). Regression normally utilizes more than one variable to predict the value of one variable in regards to the other. It uses the related variables to construct the behavior of the taken variable. The linear correlation which is represented as r is a number that can be achieved by using a scatter plot to draw a graph and an equation representative of the associations and strength between the variables used for correlation (Triola & Triola, 2006, pg.449)....   [tags: statistical analysis] 539 words
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Drug Testing Not Required - It’s the middle of the month and bills are due. Will there be enough money to pay the bills and buy the groceries for the month. These are just a few worries that welfare recipients have everyday of their life living paycheck to paycheck. Should welfare recipients be stereotyped as drug users just because they don’t have all the money they need to pay for the cost of living. Citizens living like this don’t exactly have the spare money to pay for the drug tests. So who will pay for these tests. In Lizette Alvarez’s article, she used Newton’s statement that citizens who are drug tested before receiving welfare benefits and test negative will be reimbursed by the state, but the money that is us...   [tags: welfare recipients, paychecks, money]
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1217 words
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Is Animal Testing Necessary? - ... Acute Toxicity testing determines the amount of a toxin that will kill a high percentage of a class of animals in the laboratory. In these tests, a toxin is forced into the animals stomachs. It might also be injected under the animals’ skin, inhaled through a gas mask, or inserted into the eyes. Technicians observe the animals’ reaction to the substance which includes convulsions, labored breathing, diarrhea, constipation, emaciation, skin eruptions, abnormal posture, and bleeding from their eyes, nose, or mouth....   [tags: animal shelters, suffering, labs] 1218 words
(3.5 pages)
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Organizational Testing and Assessment - Many organizations use some descriptive tests in their development and recruitments of employees at all levels. This is common for persons applying for top management positions, as an error in recruitment will cause a significant impact in any organization. Tests for selection and recruitments assist a company to make an informed choice between candidates on their strength or weakness. In carrier, professional counseling candidates tests on their work values, interest, and preparedness in their new position....   [tags: Human Resource Management ]
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Risks of PSA Testing - PSA test results are interpreted as: 0-4 ng/mL is normal. Between 4 to 10 ng/ML is 25% of developing cancer, and > 10 ng/ml is a > 50% risk of cancer. However, some men with normal PSA levels still have prostate cancer, while other men with high PSA levels do not. PSA levels increase with age often due to a higher prevalence of benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH). Therefore, no PSA cutoff can accurately guarantee that a man does not have prostate cancer. PSA blood levels are used for several different purposes such as to diagnose prostate cancer, evaluate treatment of prostate cancer, and to evaluate the severity of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)....   [tags: Prostate Cancer, Treatment, Results]
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1594 words
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What is Dielectric Testing? - Contents Introduction 3 Dielectric Testing 3 Composite Material 3 Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites 4 Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites 4 Problem Statement 5 Aim 5 Objectives 5 Literature Review 6 Polyurethane 6 Human Hair 8 Physiochemical Properties of human hair 9 Bamboo 11 Extraction of Bamboo Fibre 12 The Chemical Composition and Structure of Bamboo Fibres 12 Methodology 13 Mold 13 Dimensions 13 Procedure 14 Samples 15 Materials 15 Testing Samples 19 Safety and Sustainability 20 Results 21 Untreated Samples 21 Graphs 21 Treated Samples 24 Graphs 24 Discussion 26 Untreated Samples 26 Treated Samples 27 Comparing Untreated and Treated Fiber Results 28 Conclusion 29 Future Works...   [tags: insulation, chemical composition]
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2910 words
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Human In Vitro Testing - ... This response is due to the different responsibilities of different cells. Some cell types are capable of controlling for toxicity, while others are not designed to handle toxicity and typically rely on other cells to protect them. This has resulted in inaccurate measurements of nanoparticle toxicity when compared to toxic exposures in animals or humans. This is due to the complex cellular system in living creatures compared to the simplistic monoculture model. For example if scientists were interested in studying epithelial cells (the cells that line cavities and surfaces throughout the body) and how they responded to a toxin, they would have to consider that epithelial cells typically...   [tags: two cell line experiments] 679 words
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Functional Testing - I. Introduction Functional Testing is basically testing software based on its functional requirements. Meaning it makes sure that the SUT (System Under Test) or program physically works the way it is intended. Now that there is a basic understanding of what Functional Testing is by the definition provided above; How about going more In-depth on the topic. This paper will provide answers to questions that the writer had on the topic as well as to the overall importance of Functional Testing. Questions to be discussed will be accentuated throughout the paper....   [tags: Software ]
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Animal Testing - Animal testing has been going on for decades all around the world. Increasingly however, more and more protests have been happening against animal testing. People from countries all over the world have started noticing and are working towards banning animal testing but not all people have this view point. This essay will be discussing the negative effects of animal testing and why it should be banned. So first of all, what is animal testing. Animal testing is the use of animals in experiments and development products used to determine toxicity, dosing and efficiency of the tested drugs before proceeding to human clinical trials....   [tags: experiments, laboratories, inhumane treatment]
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Animal Testing - Every year, animals are subjected to cruel and unnecessary experimentation. According to the USDA, “between 1990-1997 research labs registered with the USDA reported killing at least 12,895,885 dogs, cats, primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits, bears, armadillos, squirrels, wild rodents and other species. This doesn't include non USDA registered labs” (“Wikianswers”). Lab animals are cut up and tortured to death all in the name of science. How can we as fellow animal species continue to allow this to happen....   [tags: Animal Rights]
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Animal Testing - Animals have long sense been a part of human life. The dog for example is thought to have been the first animal to be domesticated by humans, sometime around 13,000–10,000 B.C., from wolves. It is not known for sure how humans gained the trust of the Canines but in any event they did, and soon found dogs to be reliable companions. Animals have aided us any many ways, from offering protection and companionship. They should be respected and loved for loyalty; however it has been a very common practice to test household items, cosmetics and pharmaceutical products on animals for a very long time....   [tags: Contemporary Moral Issues] 621 words
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Animal Testing - Canary in the kitchen detects carbon monoxide. Animal testing must be banned for unnecessary tests. Animals should not be guinea pigs. Animals still feel the pain when they are injected with medicine just like humans. Humans can defend themselves and stop the pain, but the animals get strapped down and cannot move. It is better to have tests run on animals because animals will help find cures faster. Animal testing must be banned for unnecessary tests because a lot of animals are dying for no reason....   [tags: Science Experiments, Animals, Guinea Pigs] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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Animal Testing - People are selfish. There are incredibly few if not absolutely no selfless people. The easiest way for someone to get ahead is at the expense of someone or something else. Animal testing came from this selfishness. It also came from the very biased view that humans are better than other species. Animal testing is cruel and inhumane. If someone did some of the things done in animal testing on a human that person would probably get the death penalty, or at least go to jail for a very long time. By combing the internet and explaining how animal testing is immoral by what people do to the animals, inaccurate because of failure of animal tests to predict accurate results in humans, and has nothin...   [tags: genetic manipulation, drugs, inhumane acts]
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Animal Testing - The ethics behind using animals for experiments and tests has been questioned and debated for years. Many people believe that animal experimentations can be crucial towards medical breakthroughs such as the cure for cancer, HIV/AIDS or asthma. Meanwhile others argue that animals that are used to test cosmetics such as make-up and perfumes are inhuman because is not going to help improve the human race. Animals suffer through multiple types of torture such as being forced to ingest poisonous chemicals, blinded, burned, stapled, and infected with disease viruses....   [tags: ethics, experimentation, cosmetics, medicine]
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Animal Testing - Animal testing are experiments used on animal for scientific research. In 1981 Roger Sperry, David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel were awarded a Nobel Prize for research in brain function by studying monkeys. Roger W Sperry found out that nerves linking and both hemispheres of the brain could be tempered with, without causing any life threatening events. Many animals are very similar to humans and by studying the brains of monkeys Roger W Sperry made a huge discovery about the human brain for mankind....   [tags: scientific research, ethics]
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Animal Testing - For centuries now, the principles of anatomy and physiology have been proved to be true in many cases for humans as well as for animals. For such reasons scientists have decided to rely on animals to understand and study, diseases or conditions found in humans and so forth. Therefor, is it possible to call ourselves selfish. Could the fact that we exploit animals for the so called sake of science prove that we do not consider the animals’ well-being. As a result of being under-informed about the procedures of animal testing, people often take this demographic issue lightly....   [tags: Animal Rights] 1014 words
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Animal Testing - So the next big question is, isn’t animal testing essential. Doesn’t it cure disease and save human lives. Well the answer is no. Animal testing is unreliable, expensive, time consuming, and most of all it’s not necessary. Animals are not good models for humans. They are allergic to certain basic compounds that are fine for humans, like Paracetamol (“used to treat many conditions such as headache, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, toothaches, colds, fevers, and relieves pain in mild arthritis” (Paracetamol), and vice versa....   [tags: animal rights, research, ethics]
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Animal Testing - Imagine being a rabbit; a vertebrate and warm blooded species. Hopping around an open field and eating all greens. All of sudden, you were captured by an unknown human. You start to rattle around your cage figuring out how to escape. About “twenty-five million and 30 million” animals are exploited in experiments; “half are only used through education” (Donna 7). “A 40% is applied in basic research, the 26% for drug development, a 20% are examined for products, and the 14% that is left is applied on education and miscellaneous” (Donna 5)....   [tags: Animal Rights ]
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1723 words
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DNA Testing - The criminal justice system is not perfect. Throughout the process there can be many errors that can result in the incarceration of an innocent person. There are examples of this in the case of Gerald Wayne Davis. Faulty eyewitness testimony and double jeopardy are two of errors that will be reviewed in this case. The focus is the use of unreliable scientific evidence. In the past non-DNA testing of evidence was use to prove guilt or innocence. These tests can be inconclusive and can be used to mislead a jury....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
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Neuropsychological Testing - Neuropsychological testing is used to assess and diagnosis brain impairments, such as a head injury, dementia, or Alzheimer’s (Gregory, 1999). Purposes of neuropsychological assessments include determining if the problem is physiological (e.g., brain damage or lesion), the nature of the dysfunction (e.g., location or type), and cognitive deficits caused by the problem (Class Notes VIII). For example, following a brain injury, a neurological battery of tests may be given in order to assess the individual to see if there has been any change in cognitive functioning....   [tags: Health, Diseases, Brain Impairments] 1555 words
(4.4 pages)
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