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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Privatization"
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Neoliberalism and The Environmental Issues - Throughout the course of the semester, neoliberalism is a concept that is continuously reflected within the literature. Neoliberalism is a set of political-economic practices that proposes human well-being can best be advanced by deregulation of the economy, privatization, private property rights, lower government spending on social services, and by free trade/country can’t impose tariffs. Neoliberalism connects In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers, Planet of Slums, and Forest Guardians Forest Destroyers....   [tags: literature, capitalist economy]
:: 1 Works Cited
1209 words
(3.5 pages)
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The Fall of Russia - After the collapse of the Soviet Union there were many different problems facing the new Russian government. Through the use of reforms many of these issues were cured but not overnight. Boris Yeltsin and his Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar implemented several policies while the economy was not moving well. Then Vladimir Putin would carry on reforms while making new ones or changing existing policies. How would these amendments affect the economy after the collapse of the Communist regime. In 1992, Yeltsin launched an economic reform program developed by Acting Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar....   [tags: Russian History ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1364 words
(3.9 pages)
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The Author’s Thesis in “Race Against Time” by Stephen Lewis - The eight Millennium Development Goals proposed by the UN during the Millennium General Assembly of 2000 will not be reached in Africa by 2015 if international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund continue to impose unethical and punishing economic policies through the Structural Adjustment Program (SAPs) on the poor and undeveloped countries of Africa and if the wealthy old core countries continue to break promises and hesitate to donate enough financial aid to Africa to help it recover from the destructive effects of the SAPs and the AIDS pandemic, and to also ensure gender equality and rights of women in Africa....   [tags: Race Against Time, Stephen Lewis, ] 825 words
(2.4 pages)
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What is the Future of Social Security? - What is the future of Social Security. There is much-heated debate on the issues of Social Security today. The Social Security system is the largest government program of income distribution in the United States. People are concerned that they won't see a dime of what they worked so hard to contribute into the Social Security system for so many years. Social Security provides benefits to about forty-three million Americans. Not only to retired workers, but also to their spouses and dependents of the workers who die prematurely....   [tags: essays research papers] 1069 words
(3.1 pages)
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Privatizing a State Run Natural Monopoly - A Natural Monopoly In Economics, a natural monopoly can be defined as an industry where the fixed cost of the capital goods is so high that it is not profitable for a second firm to enter and compete. The reason is that the nature of that product or service makes a single supplier more efficient than multiple, competing ones. The purpose of this essay is to discuss that the economic arguments for and against on privatizing a state run natural monopoly. You will find out on following contents....   [tags: Economics Economy Papers] 1474 words
(4.2 pages)
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Applying Critical Thinking - Introduction On August 12, 2010, the Governor of Illinois notified the Federal State Employee Union (FSEU) Local 343, of the state’s intent to outsource and privatize the Department of Transportation (DoT) information systems management function (B. Glenn, personal communication, August 20, 2010). In response, Mr. Padilla, the president of the FSEU Local No. 343, requests the FSEU Director of Human Resources, Ms. Glenn to evaluate the notification. The memorandum dated August 20, 2010, includes Ms....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
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2629 words
(7.5 pages)
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Private Prisons and Interest Groups - Private Prisons and Interest Groups Privately owned prisons began to emerge in the mid-1980s. These prisons emerged because of the ideological imperatives of the free market, the huge increase in the number of prisoners, and the substantial increase in imprisonment costs. (1) Proponents of privatized prisons put forward a simple case: The private sector can do it cheaper and more efficiently. Corporations such as Correction Corporation of America and Wackenhut promised design and management innovations without reducing costs or sacrificing quality of service....   [tags: Papers] 2656 words
(7.6 pages)
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The Public-Private Prison Debate - California is suffering from a crisis in the prison system. Its facilities are operating at double capacity and " grossly deficient medical care" is the cause of at least one inmate death per week (Wood, 2008, para. 2). Because of this need for reform, the federal government is stepping in to direct the state prison’s operating procedure. Although the financial choices of each state should be free from federal control, the federal government is still known to put pressure on states to make decisions, especially when lawsuits arise....   [tags: Private vs. Public Prisons]
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2337 words
(6.7 pages)
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Public and Private Management - Unlike many of the other writing assignments done thus far, this paper will be providing brief synopses for several essays on issues involved with the study of public management. Although it might be possible to state that the ideas and theories presented in these texts are either true or false, it will be the goal of this writing to take the simple approach and focus on the thoughts that are presented are still relevant in modern practice of public management. However, it is first important to point out that even today there is no aggregated view for weighing or measuring the success of public managers....   [tags: Business, Performance Review, Quality Management] 1795 words
(5.1 pages)
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The Global Divide Between the Rich and Poor - The Global Divide Between the Rich and Poor For the last five centuries, there has been a growing split throughout the world; this split has been between the "haves" and the "have-nots". These two groups can be defined two ways. One, between the rich and poor in individual countries and two, between the rich and poor countries themselves. Both definitions have seen increasing polarization over the last 500 years, but the definitive century was the last 100 years. The twentieth century held wealth and fortune beyond the dreams of many, but desperation and famine for many others....   [tags: Papers] 2099 words
(6 pages)
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Dismantling Public Schools, Displacing African Americans and Latinos - Our discussion about chapter three had a tone of enlightenment and deep frustration and took us back to the first day of class where we were challenged to differentiate between politics, policy, and law as it relates to education. I will admit that this question stumped me. Through discussion on that first day we arrived at an explanation that compares the trio to the human psyche. Educational policy is casted as the “ego”, the rational aspects of education. Politics is the more primal and self-driven “id” and, in turn, politics has a direct and strong impact on policy....   [tags: politics, policy, and law]
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1231 words
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The Polarization of the British Political System - ... 64) Nigel Lawson is suggesting that Thatcherism follows the notion of classical liberalism, because it’s primary goal emphasis on securing the freedom of the individual by limiting the power of the government. This ideology advocates civil liberties with a limited government under the rule of law, private property rights, and belief in laissesz-faire economic liberalism. Laissez-faire can be described as an economic notion that promotes transactions between private parties are free from government restrictions, tariffs, and subsidies....   [tags: politics, economic, social policy] 1036 words
(3 pages)
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The Hidden Sides of Water Wars - In 1995, the vice-president of the World Bank, Ismail Serageldin said, “If the wars of this century were fought over oil, the wars of the next century would be fought over water.” Unfortunately, the water war had already started and he among many others are a huge part of it. This war is specifically over the privatization of water in poorer countries and is dominated by the World Bank, the IMF, the WTO, the G-7 countries, and large water corporations. They are able to make themselves the victims and the poor the villains in the eyes of the public....   [tags: Water Needs, World] 1014 words
(2.9 pages)
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Alienation in Wisconsin - In recent weeks, Madison, Wisconsin has been in complete uproar with large protests against Governor Scott Walker’s budget bill. This budget bill would deny collective-bargaining rights to public sector workers in which the governor purposes will help with the state’s financial problems. By proposing this budget bill, Governor Walker is attacking unions which have nothing to do with the financial problems of the state. In fact, these unions have already agreed to make financial adjustments but the governor has rejected these proposals....   [tags: Government ]
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1154 words
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British Politics: Thatcherism and Reaganomics - The polarization of the British political system can be traced back to the movement of Thatcherism. Thatcherism can be seen as the conviction politics, economic, social policy, and is the political movement that can even resemble Reaganomics. Just like Reaganomics, Thatcherism is considered a conservative movement that emphasizes heavily on the free markets, restraining government spending, privatization, deregulation, and tax cuts. These are the policies that Margaret Thatcher focused on; this political movement took place between 1979 and 1990 while she was the Prime Minister of the British Government....   [tags: policies, lowering inflation, social policy]
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1572 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Three Areas of Globalization - ... My iPhone for instance was designed in California but manufactured in China. Rich countries specialize in high-tech products while the poor countries are now left to mass-produce those products abandoning their once agricultural economy. The constant contact between the interconnected economies often makes it as inexpensive to do business with foreign companies compared to internal businesses This helps create more market and more product diversity globally however; it also minimizes the advantage of the domestic businesses....   [tags: culture, political, economic] 940 words
(2.7 pages)
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Slovakia Economic Analysis - Slovakia Economic Analysis Country: Slovak Republic Formation of the Slovak Republic The Slovak Republic, or Slovakia, is located in Eastern Europe with a population of 5.4 million people and borders the countries of Poland, Austria, the Ukraine, and the Czech Republic (The World Bank). As originally part of the former nation of Czechoslovakia, the Slovak Republic has only recently begun to write its own history (Abizadeh, p. 171). During 1989 many revolts took place against eastern European governments under communism, including Czechoslovakia (Slovakia.Org, “20th Century”)....   [tags: essays papers]
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2265 words
(6.5 pages)
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The Pros and Cons of Contracting Out In The Public Sector - Advantages and Disadvantages of Contracting Out In The Public Sector Introduction Many public agencies in recent years have followed the trend of privatization, or contracting-out. Activities and functions that were once performed, or services that were once provided, by public employees are now being performed by private sector employees (Lyons). Vehicle towing, health services, police protection, and solid waste collection are among the many services and functions that government has contracted out....   [tags: Pro Con Essays]
:: 10 Works Cited
2506 words
(7.2 pages)
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Mike Harris And The Ontario Conservative Party: Ceos Of The Year? - Private universities, private jails, private health-care and private water testing. What do all of these things have in common. They are all services the Tory government in Ontario has been trying to privatize with some disastrous results and possibly more to come. The Ontario government, lead by Progressive Conservative leader Mike Harris, has been slowly trying to do away with services that are currently administered by the province. The ideology in question, privatization, has been a hallmark of the Common Sense revolution....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
2606 words
(7.4 pages)
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The New Constitutional Question - ... What converts the legal question—the horizontal effects of fundamental rights—into a burning political issue is the ongoing privatisation of government. Legal doctrines of horizontal effects usually dodge the tricky question of whether private actors are directly bound by fundamental rights provisions. A host of doctrines, according to which fundamental rights only have ‘indirect’ effects in the private sphere, have been devised.1 Simplifying grossly, there are two main constructions, albeit with numerous variants....   [tags: nation-state, societal law, legal theory] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
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Neoliberalism in Brazil - In an article entitled “Resisting and reshaping destructive development: social movements and globalizing networks”, P. Routledge describes neoliberal development, “Contemporary economic development is guided by the economic principles of neoliberalism and popularly termed ‘globalization’. The fundamental principal of this doctrine is ‘economic liberty’ for the powerful, that is that an economy must be free from the social and political ‘impediments,’ ‘fetters’, and ‘restrictions’ placed upon it by states trying to regulate in the name of the public interest....   [tags: Brazil]
:: 4 Works Cited
1298 words
(3.7 pages)
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Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee - Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee The Cold War is the long time war that was taken among the former USSR and the United States of America, and the war started immediately after the end of World War II. This war was essentially a clash, or a war, of two different ideologies; the Capitalism and the Communism. The Collapse of the former Soviet Union and its transition toward the free market economy proved that capitalism and its principles as the proper way of life. Capitalism's principles such as the privatization, specialization, small state authority, individual rights, freedom, and free market economy became the ideal and the model for many nations to follow....   [tags: Papers] 385 words
(1.1 pages)
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Effects of Downsizing - Effects of Downsizing Downsizing has been known by several different names, in the late 1970's and the early 1980's it was called reduction-in-force, as of late it has been called restructuring government, privatization, contracting out and last but not least downsizing. "In the public sector it is called "privatization". In business it is called "downsizing. Otherwise it's known as "contracting out." Code words change but the intent is the same." (DIAF 99) Public governments seem to think that using Downsizing, privatization or contracting out are the best ways to balance or cut money from the budget....   [tags: Workforce Business Jobs Essays]
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2457 words
(7 pages)
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The New Right - Starting during the 1970s, factions of American conservatives slowly came together to form a new and more radical dissenting conservative movement, the New Right. The New Right was just as radical as its liberal opposite, with agendas to increase government involvement beyond the established conservative view of government’s role. Although New Right politicians made admirable advances to dissemble New Deal economic policies, the movement as a whole counters conservativism and the ideologies that America was founded on....   [tags: Politics] 1588 words
(4.5 pages)
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Life in Prison - If you walked into a room with 84 adults, chances are two of them have been in prison. One out of 42 adults in the United States has been incarcerated. 2.3 million people serving time behind bars outnumber the residents of the fourth largest U.S. city. According to California Prison Focus, “no other society in human history has imprisoned so many if its own citizens.” The U.S. has locked up more people than any other country (Paleaz, 2013). Are prisons in the U.S. doing what they were intended to do....   [tags: imprisonment, corrections]
:: 8 Works Cited
1766 words
(5 pages)
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Areas of Reformation in Greece - ... Some other component in the reform, is retirement age from 61 to 65 would need to be increased and it is estimated would save €1.28 billion in 2012 alone and reduction of supplementary pensions between 10% to 20%. (OECD 2012) Product Market Reform Privatisation It also included privatisation programs which primarily centre on setting up public revenues in several energy and transport sectors which consist full or partial privatization which cost upward to €10 billion. To increase efficiency and improve a strong cooperation, public private partnership would be launched and concessions of the partnership as an attraction to the constitution....   [tags: tax, market, economy] 936 words
(2.7 pages)
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Small Farms Are the Key to the Future of Sustainable Agriculture - ... This Malthusian Dilemma experienced by the hunter-gatherers was population pressure that created the next step for the egg’s evolution within the world food system. Privatization is the longest period of the egg’s historical evolution spanning from around 5,000 B.C.E. to the early twentieth century. During this period domestication of plants and animals lead to a farming, which resulted in surplus and eventually the class system. In 5,000 B.C.E., China became the first country in the world to domesticate chickens....   [tags: food as an industrial commodity] 2114 words
(6 pages)
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Negative effects of No Child Left Behind and Venture Philanthropists - In the two articles that I read the main theme seemed to be educational reform. Diane Ravitch focuses predominantly on the aspect of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) while Kenneth Saltman focuses more on Venture Philanthropists and their effect on the privatization of the public school system. Both of these articles look at the negative effects of these agendas. When Diane Ravitch looks at NCLB, it is with a critical eye. At first she explains what NCLB is trying to accomplish. Ravitch states “NCLB dictated that every student in every school would be proficient by 2014” (2011)....   [tags: Politics, Education]
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2079 words
(5.9 pages)
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Formal Government Policies to Deal with the Slums of Egypt - The formal governmental policies discussed above were solutions to housing problems, in general, used by the government rather than the solution to alleviate informal settlements specifically of their predicament. The issue discussed above was solely to show how the government’s policies, both formal and informal, were trying to solve housing as problem and while doing so they infected other areas, creating informal settlements. Now developmental policies used for alleviating slums themselves will be discussed....   [tags: shelter, housing, Cairo]
:: 11 Works Cited
1229 words
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Labor Unions Must Fight Globalization or Become Extinct - “Two world wars [along with Roosevelt’s] “New Deal” had indeed, made government big.” (Moody, 2007, p. 114) Government became “big” because of its controlling interest in business and labor. The reason for this interest is that government was dealing with a failed economy and had two world wars to contend with. These wars required a continual supply of food and supplies to be produced. In order to guarantee supplies to be free of interruption, it required government gaining control over every major industry and labor in order to keep harmony....   [tags: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade]
:: 5 Works Cited
1592 words
(4.5 pages)
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The Pros and Cons of Functionalism and Marxism - The two theoretical approaches I have chosen to compare to the study of crime are Functionalism and Marxism. I have done so, as I believe both theories are important/ significant to the study of crime and differentiate from each other. I will do this by writing a critique the advantages and disadvantages of both of the theories and thus, resulting in my own personal opinion in the conclusion. Marxism derived from German philosophers Karl Marx (also a political economist/ sociologist) and Friedrich Engels in the middle of the 1800s....   [tags: crime study, karl marx, emile durkheim]
:: 13 Works Cited
2310 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Role of Politics in Public Transportation - Politics plays an important role in any aspect of planning, but none such more than transport planning and the investments and policies that go in to constructing the aspects associated. As with any discipline, politics plays both positive and negative roles in public transport planning, policies and investment; as it shapes decision-making and the degrees of financial support that is given to each project. Because politics brings both positive and negative effects to public transport planning it can both promote and obstruct development....   [tags: public transport planning,politics,transportation]
:: 10 Works Cited
1989 words
(5.7 pages)
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Canada Must Fix the Healthcare System - When asked to describe what makes Canada unique compared to other countries, many outsiders might yell out “Hockey!” “Cold Weather!” or “Free Health Care!.” Health care is definitely one of Canada’s most noticeable trademarks when compared to the United States, but the reality is that our health care services are not what they are made out to be. Canadians tend to take pride in the fact that they have a Government funded health care system, but the system is failing at a rapid pace. One can gage the quality of health care in our country while at the emergency ward in any hospital, where most Canadians realize its downsides....   [tags: Healthcare, argumentative, persuasive]
:: 5 Works Cited
2090 words
(6 pages)
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Private Prisons or For -Profit Prisons - ... Their model shows that the public manager will choose which sector minimizes the weighted sum of production and transaction costs. Using health services, the authors show that local governments should prefer using private companies for work that minimize production costs which can be well-defined, but should not engage for-profit entities when contracting for intangible services, where monitoring is important”. In the 1980s, the combination of the Reagan administration’s emphasis on a smaller government role and the increased privatization in other spheres, prison crowding paved the way for the emergence of private prison management....   [tags: company, pay, private, cost ] 1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Hungary’s Attempts at Modernizing its Banking Industry - Hungary’s Attempts at Modernizing its Banking Industry It has been over a decade since Hungary has transitioned into the market economy. Its banking system has gone through numerous changes in order to accommodate an ever competitive world of financial innovation. Today, we see a Hungary that has adopted much of financial structure seen in Western Europe and whose banking sector is finally starting to see profits. Early transitional privatization saw an assortment of problems for state-owned banks including inadequate regulation and an agglomeration of non-performing loans....   [tags: Hungary Banking Economics Essays]
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1411 words
(4 pages)
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In Favor of Social Security Reform - In Favor of Social Security Reform There are millions of Americans affected by social security. These Americans rely on social security to provide them with financial security. Recently President Bush agreed to proposing a method of privatizing the social security program so that in the future the vast reserves of the social security system would not run out nearly as fast. With the always increasing rise in inflation, and the baby boomer generation reaching ages of retirement fairly soon, this is an issue that needs to be dealt with correctly and rapidly....   [tags: Economics Politics Argumentative Essays] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
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Groundwater Pollution and Drinking Water Scarcity - "By means of water, we give life to everything." – Koran, 21:30 Drinking water is our most precious resource, something every human being needs to survive. Yet today over 1.2 billion people a day on average do not have access to drinking water. Even if they might have this access, the chances are good that the drinking water is polluted with many contaminants. In the future, we will probably find that clean drinking water will go to the highest bidder, and even more people will find themselves without easy access to drinking water....   [tags: Water Environment Ecology Essays] 999 words
(2.9 pages)
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Blue Gold: World Water Wars - ... The United Nations labeled water as a good making it merchandisable for a profit in 1992. The documentary also associates water privatization to the problems of our international organizations. World Water Wars states that the World Bank seems to be conspiring with huge water companies. When a developing nation asks for help from the World Bank, they give the condition that in return the poorer nation has to privatize their water. Riots have resulted from this process many people are injured, killed, or arrested during these protests....   [tags: fresh, water, corporations, country, profit] 1427 words
(4.1 pages)
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Electricity Directive of European Union - ... Both systems give the network owner the opportunity to refuse access due to the lack of capacity. Under the Single-Buyer system there is only one wholesale buyer of electricity for the whole country. The advantages of this system were not really clear and no countries have implemented this system.  An important aspect of the first directive was the unbundling of Transmission System Operators TSOs) from Distribution System Operators (DSOs) to create a separation between generators and suppliers....   [tags: generation, retail, supply, transmission] 1023 words
(2.9 pages)
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international trade - Privatization of social security Today, United State is on the edge for a huge change, President George W. Bush second term agenda to reform the Social Security has left us to think about a question that will have a huge impact on the future of United State, Should Social Security be privatized. Enacted in 1935, under the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and modified many times since-including major change in 1983-Social Security provides benefits to workers and their family members upon retirement, disability, or death....   [tags: essays research papers] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
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History of Social Security - History of Social Security Is it time to privatize Social Security. Many believe the system will not be able to meet all its obligations by the year 2012. They say Social Security will begin paying out more in benefits than it collects in revenue. To continue meeting its obligations, the system will have to begin drawing on the surplus in the Social Security Trust Fund. However, for many years the federal government has used the trust to disguise the actual size of the federal budget deficit, borrowing money from the trust fund to pay current operating expenses and replacing the money with government bonds, essentially an IOU....   [tags: Government Economy Economics Essays]
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3246 words
(9.3 pages)
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Lithuanian Economy - Introduction In my research project I will be talking about the history of Lithuanian economy and how it had changed since the country became independent and took a place as a member of a European Union. In my work you will be able to see different points of view of being a citizen of the EU and the problems the countries are facing to get this membership. Lithuania’s membership in the European Union would be impossible without the public assent and support. This support was made most explicit during the referendum on the membership in the European Union on 10-11 May 2003, when 91.07% of those participating (the turnout was 63.37%) approved of Lithuania’s accession to the EU....   [tags: Economy, Low Cost Transactions] 2882 words
(8.2 pages)
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Growth of Private Security - History and growth ‘It is clear that the private security industry has experienced substantial growth, particularly if one compares the size of the industry in 1950 with that in 1995. In 1950 there were a dozen or so companies involved in the provision of security services and products; now there are thousands, in what could be described as a multi-billion industry (George and Button : 30).’ Policing is now being widely offered by institutions other than the state, most importantly by private companies on a commercial basis and by communities on a volunteer basis (Bayley and Shearing, 1996).’ According to South, Jones and Newburn, private security industry in Britain has grown from the post...   [tags: Social Issues, Policing, Terrorism] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
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Increasing Taxes to Bail Out Social Security - Increasing Taxes to Bail Out Social Security In 1935 the United States was in the throws of the worst economic depression our country had ever seen. The President at the time was Franklin Roosevelt. As part of Roosevelt's "New Deal", he instituted Social Security, which established an old-age pension system, to be administered by the federal government, and financed by taxes on both employers and employees. This system was to help the older citizens and dependents of workers of the U.S. However, since its inception, Social Security has been turned into a retirement plan of sorts....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Economics Essays] 1280 words
(3.7 pages)
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Political Theory: Property - Introduction One of the most confounding concepts in the discipline of political theory is the issue of property. Classical philosophers like Plato and Aristotle dedicate a large part of their works to speculations about the state of nature and property ownership. However, a comprehensive theoretical exploration of the concept of private property ownership is credited to relatively modern philosophers like Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau. The writings of Locke and Rousseau on property ownership are quite fascinating to compare....   [tags: Rosseau, Locke, ownership, State of Nature]
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1381 words
(3.9 pages)
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Private Schools vs. Public Schools -      As time has gone by, Americans have increasingly paid more attention to the schooling process, trying harder all the time to get the best education possible for their children. As a result, more parents are turning from the public school systems to the private schools. This happens for several reasons. First, students that graduate from private schools tend to be better prepared for college. Second, private schools open up many opportunities to succeed in the business world. Last, the private schools allow the parents and the student to decide which school they feel will give the student the best education possible....   [tags: Private Schools vs. Public Schools]
:: 5 Works Cited
917 words
(2.6 pages)
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Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - Abstract This paper focuses on Monetary Policy, which centers on connections between money, banks, and credit to lenders. In addition, this paper will cover the effect on macroeconomic factors such as GDP, unemployment, inflation, and interest rates. Additionally, an explanation on money creation and the implications of making money gives an insight on Money Supply and Macroeconomic Factors. With many combinations of monetary policy, the paper covers the optimal balance between economic growth, low inflation, and a reasonable rate of unemployment....   [tags: Business Economics ] 1483 words
(4.2 pages)
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Political Economy - The UK economy has undergone structural, financial, and political change over the last thirty years. Different ideologies and policies have served to shape the relationship between government and economy in varying directions. Some elements, such as state intervention, have remained as a point of debate. Other factors, like globalization, have just recently developed. The policy of UK governments as a whole has been shaped quite heavily by major economic events during this period, and the legacy left by the Conservative and Labour governments can still be seen today....   [tags: UK Economy, Politics] 2085 words
(6 pages)
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How China Is Achieving Its Significant Economic Growth by Applying a Different Model Apart from Other East Asian Countries? - ... However, the state ownership of enterprises in Japan is very rare, even compared with European countries, don’t mention China. For instance, Japan state did not run any business in manufacturing except for cigarettes (Sahoh, 1984). However the family ownership has been strictly restricted in Japan, and ownership remains in financial institutions (Lee, 1997). According to OECD (2009), the inefficiency and unprofitability of SOEs in late 1980s and early 1990s has reminded the urgent need to reform SOEs for Chinese policymakers....   [tags: low cost foreign assembling outsourcing] 1522 words
(4.3 pages)
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What is the 'Washington Consensus' and how does it affect US policy towards Latin America? - American financial institutions such as the government, banks and nonprofit organizations have had a long history of giving economic aid to developing nations to prevent large-scale economic collapse and for reconstruction after disasters. This is especially the case after World War II and the Bretton Woods Conference, which was the foreground for what today is the World Bank. The United States has failed to improve nations at times when providing aid to other countries and regions, especially in regions such as Latin America....   [tags: Economics ]
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2122 words
(6.1 pages)
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Intensifying Working Women’s Burden: The Impact of Globalization on Women Labor in Asia - ... The Pakistan research group focused on the sunflower seeds production as part of its cash-crop/agricultural modernization. The Philippine team shared their researches on the issues (particularly the ill- effects) of aquaculture, ecotourism and the agro-chemical TNCs (industry). With Korea, they tackled the phenomenal crisis of outward migration especially of women. The document unfolds with deliberate discussions on the power of globalization by four speakers who are experts on the subject matter....   [tags: migrants, agriculture, solidarity ] 1448 words
(4.1 pages)
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EXAMINE THE ROLE OF MEDIA PSYCHOLOGY IN CONSUMER ACTIVITIES TARGETED AT CHILDREN - Psychology as we know is the scientific study of behavior (feelings, actions etc.) and mental processes. Media on the other hand consist of Televisions, Radios, Internet, Newspapers, and other means of disseminating information. Media Psychology, as stated by the Media Psychology Research Center is a new and emerging field, so the early entrants have the excitement and burden of defining the path. This means that, there’s no clear-cut definition for media psychology. However, Tina Indaleco, in her book THE MEDIA PSYCHOLOGIST MANIFESTO defines media psychology as a discipline of psychology that examines the impact media has on human behavior, and the cognitive processes of individuals, groups...   [tags: Media]
:: 1 Works Cited
1819 words
(5.2 pages)
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Usefulness of Marx's Theory of Metamorphosis in Assessing 2011 Revolt in Egypt - ... These movements have displayed up countless months ago beforehand it has revolved to lead to the revolt in 2011. The labor movement in 2011, was one of the biggest communal movements transpired in Egypt. Extra than 1.9 million operatives have joined the movement alongside strikes of 1850 strikes. The movement has arose due to the hostile neo open-minded strategies that were being adopted across Hosni Mubarak administration afterward 2004 considering the free marketplace as dictated by the Global Monetary Fund as well as the United States....   [tags: present governmental theory]
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1390 words
(4 pages)
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The Differences Between Foreign Trade and Foreign Direct Investment - Foreign trade Foreign trade is exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. In most countries, it represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). (http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com) It is a trade between two or more countries and we can separate into three parts. • Import- Affluent countries import resources and commodities when they find comparative advantages in sourcing from foreign locations. (Holt, Wigginton, 2002) • Export – involves selling domestically produced products in foreign market through brokers or overseas distribution centres....   [tags: foreign trade, direct investment, global economy]
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879 words
(2.5 pages)
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Benefits of Impure Public Goods on Marine Biodiversity Preservation - Systems of “impure public goods” are touted as offering a blend of private and public interests, preventing exploitation while still allowing these resources to be accessible to the public. In the field of marine biodiversity, this is important because it can potentially prevent resources from being exploited and/or species from becoming eradicated. The idea of public goods offers a system that is subject to external forces and internal mechanisms, and despite its negative and positive impacts remains a system worth investigating for the purposes of marine preservation....   [tags: public interests, marine biodiversity]
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1238 words
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Humans are Destined to Explore Beyond Our Planet's Boundaries - ... Unfortunately with the space race being concluded and the Apollo missions coming to an end the government’s interest in space exploration went on a sharp decline. The main cause of NASA’s deterioration was a product of simple numbers. A single mission to the moon cost millions with the final cost of project Apollo was reported to Congress as $25.4 billion. This has made space exploration unreasonable to the American government which was already dealing with a precarious budget for many years....   [tags: extraterrestrial , space travel, NASA] 662 words
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Public Policy of Social Security and Retirement Savings - Social Security is on the verge of taking care of the baby boomers generation. This means that it will be paying more benefits than taxes it receives. In lay-man’s terms it means it will be spending more money than it is making. I think that you should pay into your own private retirement account for you to reap the benefits in the future. Not for you to pay into a cluster of workers money for current elders to benefit from. You need to take care of your own future and not rely on other people’s responsibility....   [tags: Public Policy]
:: 8 Works Cited
1203 words
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The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank - ... It provides financial and technical aid to developing countries in an attempt to reduce poverty and support development. It does this through low-interest loans, interest-free credits, and grants to developing countries. Additional assistance it provides includes advice about policy, research, and analysis (The World Bank 1). When the IMF and World Bank aid a country, they make the country adopt certain neoliberal practices in exchange for their assistance. These can include privatization of government owned industries, trade liberalization, high interest rates, and cuts in government expenditure (Global Envision 2)....   [tags: Bretton Woods conference, economic history] 1008 words
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Slaves to the Corporation: The Private Prison System - ... As stated by the Too Good to be True Report(2010), the Corrections Corporation of America was the first private company ever contracted to run a correctional facility in Hamilton, Tennessee in 1984. As a result private companies began to emerge in the market. More importantly prior to this, President Richard Nixon during his term had declared the “War on Drugs”, which entailed harsher and longer sentences for drug related crimes. These two events resulted in a mass incarceration rate increase which further facilitated the establishment of new privately owned and/or run for profit correctional facilities....   [tags: sociological analysis, human exploitation] 1185 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian - ... The natural resources that they depended on were exploited, in which resulted in many sufferings and tragic deaths. In year 1881, the Spokane people were relocated, and President Hayes gave the tribe a new, smaller home located in Washington and it is called “The Spokane Indian Reservation.” Federal government did not give them enough privatization, however; they were offered a monetary compensation but, was insufficient and mismanaged. At the present time, life on the Spokane reservation has minimal improvement....   [tags: poverty, india, sherman alexie] 713 words
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Incarceration and Private Prisons in the United States - ... has been a source of enormous profits, as the exponential growth of incarceration statistics and incomes are closely related. Although correlation does not imply causation, the U.S. Justice Department is quoted in stating a 1600% increase in private prison inmates from 1990 to 2009, even though private prisons have only been around for about thirty years (Heather C. West, et.al. 2010). The GEO Group, Inc., 2010 Annual Report states GEO made $1.27 billion in profits, while a 2010 Letter to Shareholders stated Corrections Corporation of America generated nearly $1.7 billion in revenue, making them the two largest private prison corporations in the world....   [tags: Discrimination, Legal System] 1276 words
(3.6 pages)
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The Life and Work of Milton Friedman - “A society that puts equality before freedom will get neither. A society that puts freedom before equality will get a high degree of both.” (Milton Friedman). One of the most significant economists in the world is considered to be Milton Friedman. Milton Friedman, born on July 31, 1912, in New York, to a working-class family of Jewish Hungarian immigrants, was educated at Rutgers University and at the University of Chicago. Friedman is mostly known for his support for free markets, advocacy of capitalism, and as one of the most influential American economists of the twentieth century....   [tags: Milton Friedman, economy, ] 1687 words
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Tamalpais Union High School District Budget Cuts - Dear District Superintendant: The Tamalpais Union High School District (TUHSD) is one of those districts that have seen fallen property values in Marin, dysfunctional, and fiscal chaos in Sacramento. As a result of the severe economic downturn and the devastating cuts to education from the state of California, the TUHSD needs to reduce operating cost by 20% within five years to have a balanced budget for the 2014-2015 school year. THUSD annual budget is $55 million dollars. Operations is half that, or $27.5 million....   [tags: Finance] 1443 words
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Liu Xiaobo: Advocating Justice From Behind Bars - In 2010, Liu Xiaobo became the third of all Nobel Peace Prize laureates in history to be honored in absentia while being imprisoned or prevented by his government to attend the awards ceremony. While the rest of the world cheered for his tireless advocacy against the Chinese government and their strict limitations on personal freedom, the Chinese government made sure to keep him locked up and censor any mention of him in the media as much as possible. The rightful winner of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize, Liu Xiaobo, has been peacefully campaigning for free speech and democracy, and therefore does not deserve to be incarcerated as a political prisoner....   [tags: Social Studies]
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Water Shortages in China: Problems and Solutions - Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world....   [tags: Water Scarcity in China]
:: 7 Works Cited
1123 words
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Free Market Capitalism in The United States - ... To examine the efficiency of free-market capitalism, I analyzed the process of economic development in several countries for last few decades including the United States, China, and Singapore and compared those countries to examine the practical influence of privatization, deregulation, and state intervention. The ideas and data have drawn from books and articles written over last ten years that are related to the topic that I try to address. NEO-LIBERALISM AND FREE-MARKET CAPITALISM Neo-liberalism is a set of economic policies that have become widespread over last three decades or so....   [tags: economy, economic growth, America] 1300 words
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Higher Education in a Changing Climate: Neoliberalism - June 2011 marked a significant, albeit controversial period for academics in Great Britain when the New College of the Humanities (NCHUM) was unveiled to the public as the country’s first private institution of liberal arts (Gopal, 2012, p.383). Some, such as professor Grayling of Birkbeck College London, supported the college’s defense of the humanities courses through privatization, while many academics viewed the NCHUM as a business opportunity in response to students who sought an end to the public funding of liberal arts (Gopal, 2012, p.383)....   [tags: Policy, Humanities, College] 2183 words
(6.2 pages)
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Taking a Look at the Macro Environment - ... Monetary and fiscal policies are implements the regulation role in the government. By this policies government can regulate inflation rate, interest rates and business cycles. Main tools of monetary fiscal policy is income and outcome of government budget. So we can see that this factor is influencing on marketing straight away.( (Leith, CampbellWren-Lewis, Simon ;Economic Journal. Mar2000, Vol. 110 Issue 462, pC93-C108. 16p. 2 Charts, 3 Graphs ) Economical forces Economic factors cover areas such as the cycle of "boom - decline," the rise of unemployment in some parts of the country due to the coagulation of traditional industries ....   [tags: PESTL forces] 883 words
(2.5 pages)
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The Need to Measure Transit System Performance - ... His measurement was built on three bases; efficiency, productivity and quality of service. Gilberet and Dajani (1975) though had similar measurement bases, but their third element was different from Tomazinis (1977). The emphasis of these authors was on efficiency, effectiveness and impact. However it should be noted that these researchers studied the objectives at a governmental (local, state and federal) level. A similar study by Fielding et al. (1978, 1985a, b) is based on a number of indicators that can be used to evaluate transit performance....   [tags: quantitative performance indicators] 680 words
(1.9 pages)
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Making Social Rights a Human Right - This paper will discuss why social rights should be human rights. Poverty, capitalism, and government will be the motives used to explain why social rights should be considered human rights and be enforceable in a court of law. Although the costs of social rights would result in higher taxes, the benefits would far exceed the costs. It would greatly reduce the majority of poverty and crime as well as improve overall health within our society. Various aspects of social rights will be examined which include rights to food, health care, childcare, post-secondary education, housing and basic income....   [tags: Human Rights ]
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Economic Redemption in La Forja, Argentina - Argentina, which was soon to become the economic powerhouse, quickly descends into a ghost town of abandoned factories and mass unemployment. President Carlos Menem transformed Argentina by selling out every public asset he could find; he privatized factories, and created many corporate handouts. The nation approved of Menem’s changes, and Washington said “This is the best thing ever” (The Take) What the citizens didn’t realize is that by transforming the nation this way, Menem was creating a capitalist wild west....   [tags: Capitalist Wild West, Cooperative Business]
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1092 words
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Correctional Facilities in The United States - Throughout United States correctional history, it has been heavily debated as to whether or not prisons have positive effects on inmates and society. Today, many prisons attempt to have a positive impact on the lives of the inmates, while giving society the satisfaction on punishing criminals. The correctional system achieves this goal through the use of four techniques. The four techniques used by the correctional system include rehabilitation, deterrence, incapacitation, and retribution. These four methods work individually as well as collectively to produce felons who can be productive citizens of society....   [tags: Prisons, Rehabilitation Centers]
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The Pros and Cons of Agribusines - I. Introduction Agriculture has long been a topic of interest and will continue due to the necessity of farming to supply a basic fundamental need – food. Farming is considered a stable economic activity as it provides products, jobs, and supplies to the local community as well as supporting the global infrastructure. The recent global economic conditions have caused an array of structural changes within the global infrastructure. These structure changes have directly impacted banking institutions, housing, lending processes, farming sectors, and privatization....   [tags: Agribusines]
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2350 words
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Impact of Globalization on Indian Economy - Globalization is the new notion that has come to rule the world since the nineties of the last century with the end of the cold war. The frontlines of the state with increased reliance on the market economy and renewed belief in the private capital and assets, a process of structural alteration encouraged by the studies and influences of the World Bank and other International organisations have started in many of countries. Also Globalisation has brought in new avenues to developing countries. Greater access to developed country markets and technology transfer hold out promise improved productivity and higher living standard....   [tags: productivity, higher living standards, welfare]
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1556 words
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Awakening The Society From the Silence - ... “Ten thousand people, maybe more,” and “People talking without speaking, People hearing without listening,” these lines seem to connote a painful reality of hectic society to which people are satisfied with their current positions instead of seeking for their own characteristics. The outcome of this is that many people insist illogical facts and intelligence and they reveal their incapacity in terms of understanding and listening to others while talking. Words presented during conversation lack its meanings because many people today are hectic so that they have tendency to put more emphasis on themselves instead of focusing on others’ words where silence slowly takes possessions of human...   [tags: Creating a Song, Sounds, Music, Lyrics]
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Social Development in the Global South - ... Under an autocratic regime, the repression or weakness of the left, contributes to the lack of universal provision of social entitlements. According to their analysis, “authoritarianism had negative effects on education spending” (H&S 7) while democracy had a strong direct effect on poverty and inequality through investments on education. While democracy to them seems to be the most important factor influencing the provision and expansion of social entitlements, they however, made it clear that ‘long-term’ democracies are better off at providing social benefits (H&S 241) ....   [tags: causes of social entitlements]
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1950 words
(5.6 pages)
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What's Best for the Environment? - What is best for the environment. Edward O. Wilson’s book The Future of Life takes a satirical look at the two views of what the world needs and how they relate to humans. He alludes to the anthropocentric desires of “people- first” supporters, and the goals and solutions of left-wing environmentalists. Wilson portrays substantial rifts between the two groups which ultimately produce ineffective results due to the fact that they maintain preexisting stereotypes of their “opposition”, entirely distinct goals, and solutions which seek different sectors of development....   [tags: Literary Analysis ] 1051 words
(3 pages)
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Democracy in Russia and China - As post-communist countries struggle to modernize and adopt a democratic regime, Russia and China each face obstacles unique to their own political and historical context. The main findings of this paper reveal that economic and political liberalism are closely linked and that economic liberalization facilitates democratization. Thus the shortage (rather than surplus) of economic liberalization has contributed to Russia’s deficit of democracy and has been one of the major obstacles of democratization for Russia....   [tags: China] 1570 words
(4.5 pages)
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Private Military and Security Companies - Private Military and Security Companies The modern Private Military and Security Company (PMSC) came to be after the end of the Cold War. An increase in government interest in privatization and outsourcing combined with an age of warfare where civilians and combatants were increasing difficult to differentiate created the perfect environment for PMSCs to expand (Singer). Although PMSCs play an integral role in providing basic services for the United States military, the extent of their role must be reevaluated because they have been criticized for unscrupulous financial practices and lack of accountability and transparency....   [tags: cold war, outsourcing, private contracts]
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909 words
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The Problems with Water Desalination - The average human can not live any longer than three days without water. Many of the world’s fresh water sources are running dry or are being contaminated, particularly in developing nations, leaving many without safe water to drink. Only two and a half percent of the Earth’s water is freshwater, and less than one percent is accessible by humans (not tied up in ice caps). This one percent of the Earth’s water supply is expected to sustain a population of over 7 billion people, each needing 2.6 liters a day to remain fully healthy, plus all of the water required for agriculture and industry....   [tags: water crisis, drinking water, developing nations]
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