Search Results

Free Essays
Good Essays
Better Essays
Stronger Essays
Powerful Essays
Term Papers
Research Papers

Your search returned 200 essays for "Privatization":
1  2  3    Next >>

These results are sorted by color rating. You may also sort these by relevance or essay length.

Title Length Color Rating  
Privatization - The term Privatization is often loosely used to mean a number of related activities, including any expansion of the scope of private sector activity in an economy and the adoption by the public sector of efficiency enhancing techniques commonly employed by the private sector. While acknowledging that no definition of privatization is water tight, we will define privatization, for the purpose of this paper, as the transfer of productive asset ownership and control from the public to the private sector.1 The transfer of assets can be total, partial or functionary, with the sale being implemented by methods such as private sales, leasing arrangements, employee buy outs and share issues....   [tags: private sector / public sector] 469 words
(1.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
privatization - The social impact of privatization has been an appendage rather than being built into the design of public sector reform programs and particular measures from start to finish. The objectives and the process of privatization has to be rethought because democracy requires the fullest participation of all people in American society, not just those deemed to live in the “public sector”. What is happening is not only increasing fear of the poor, but also the privatization of public space, which is given an added push by government cut-backs....   [tags: essays research papers] 756 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization in Russia - Privatization in Russia As a result of privatization in Russia, tens of thousands of state-owned enterprises - from small retail shops to major industrial enterprises - have been transformed into privately owned companies. Millions of Russian citizens became owners. The privatization is guided by the special government program which operates on different administrative levels: federal, regional and municipal. The authorities on any given level are authorized to privatize only those assets transferred to their ownership....   [tags: essays papers] 554 words
(1.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization of Social Security - Privatization of Social Security When people lease a car, they pay, knowing that they get something in return. When people pay taxes, they pay, knowing it's the law, and many get some money back. What do people think when they pay social security. Many young people see Social Security as something they are paying but will never get anything in return. What is another way for retirement for the United States. A major topic of retirement talk today often ends up with the new idea of Privatization....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 1392 words
(4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania - Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania The story of Tanzania, from pre-colonialist period to present Tanzania, located in East Africa, is one of the least developed countries in the world. According to the UNDP Human Development Index, Tanzania ranked 162 out of 177 countries in the 2004 survey (UNDP:2004, HDI), with one being the most developed. According to the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) prepared by Tanzanian officials for the World Bank, half of Tanzanians 36.6 million people are characterized as “poor” and one-third live in “abject poverty”(WB: PRSP p.1)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 8 Works Cited
1797 words
(5.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization of Social Security - Privatization of Social Security Defenders of Social Security point out that without it, nearly four million more older Americans would have been counted as poor during 1997. But analysts say that living above the official poverty income level in retirement years is not all that difficult even for those with low incomes during their working years. All an elderly person had to earn in 1997 to be above the poverty threshold for persons 65 or older was $7,698. To receive that amount of income, all an elderly person had to have at age 67 is $192,450 in government bonds assuming current interest rates and that the individual's net worth is protected from the erosion of inflation....   [tags: Papers] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Chile Water Privatization - Justification for intervention for economic regulatory efforts arises out of alleged inability of the marketplace to deal with particular structural problems. Of course, details of any program often reflect political force, not reasoned argument. Yet thoughtful justification is still needed when programs are evaluated.[1] The case of water reform in Chile is an interesting one. First of all, it allows us to think about a situation where regulatory reforms face political decision-making through the outcome of proposed legislation....   [tags: Water Reform Chile] 1518 words
(4.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Era of Privatisation - The Era of Privatisation Introduction It was under the Thatcher government that the era of privatisation started and it was “the most radical change in the 20th century British politics” (Young, 2001, p. 1). From 1984 to 1991, the telecommunications, gas, water and electricity industries which were under government control, were sold to become privately owned and controlled. The privatisation of the electricity industry occurred in 1990 but had already begun in 1987 with the creation of a programme describing the different tasks involved in privatising the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity....   [tags: Business Management Studies]
:: 5 Works Cited
2816 words
(8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions - The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions A major change and challenge for trade unions in the past 20 years has been the privatisation programme. This has affected public sector workers in particular. Under privatisation, some nationalised industries and some aspects of what had been local government services were sold off or contracted out as separate entities. As a result, many employees found themselves working for a new and very different employer and the prospect of a new contract of employment and revised conditions of service....   [tags: Papers] 526 words
(1.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Slovakia Economic Analysis - Slovakia Economic Analysis Country: Slovak Republic Formation of the Slovak Republic The Slovak Republic, or Slovakia, is located in Eastern Europe with a population of 5.4 million people and borders the countries of Poland, Austria, the Ukraine, and the Czech Republic (The World Bank). As originally part of the former nation of Czechoslovakia, the Slovak Republic has only recently begun to write its own history (Abizadeh, p. 171). During 1989 many revolts took place against eastern European governments under communism, including Czechoslovakia (Slovakia.Org, “20th Century”)....   [tags: essays papers]
:: 9 Works Cited
2265 words
(6.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee - Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee The Cold War is the long time war that was taken among the former USSR and the United States of America, and the war started immediately after the end of World War II. This war was essentially a clash, or a war, of two different ideologies; the Capitalism and the Communism. The Collapse of the former Soviet Union and its transition toward the free market economy proved that capitalism and its principles as the proper way of life. Capitalism's principles such as the privatization, specialization, small state authority, individual rights, freedom, and free market economy became the ideal and the model for many nations to follow....   [tags: Papers] 385 words
(1.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
In Favor of Social Security Reform - In Favor of Social Security Reform There are millions of Americans affected by social security. These Americans rely on social security to provide them with financial security. Recently President Bush agreed to proposing a method of privatizing the social security program so that in the future the vast reserves of the social security system would not run out nearly as fast. With the always increasing rise in inflation, and the baby boomer generation reaching ages of retirement fairly soon, this is an issue that needs to be dealt with correctly and rapidly....   [tags: Economics Politics Argumentative Essays] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
disinvestment - DISINVESTMENT OF PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS IN INDIA TODAY THE RUSSIAN ECONOMIC MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT CONNOTED THROUGH THE RUSSIAN FUR DOES NOT EXIST. TODAY THE CHINESE ECONOMIC MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT CONNOTED THROUGH THE MAO SUIT DOES NOT EXIST. Margaret Thatcher disrobed them. The concept of the GOLDEN STRAIGHT JACKET is avowed, to whether it were the Democrats or the Republicans, the Conservatives or the Laborites, the BJP or the Congress. The concept of the golden straight jacket has been embraced by all countries including India....   [tags: essays research papers] 1038 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Kyrgyzstan - The collapse of the Soviet Union created 15 new states. These states over the last 5 years have all struggled with economic, ethnic, political and territorial problems left to them by the Soviet empire. Kyrgyzstan, is a former Soviet Republic (FSR) located in the Central Asia. This paper will give a statistical representation of the state, Kyrgyzstan. The statistical data will reflect the basic geography of the subject country containing population, size and location. This miniature report will also contain brief descriptions of current political and economic situations....   [tags: essays research papers] 781 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
My Goal-Personal Narrative - My Goal-Personal Narrative My goal, upon finishing my graduate studies, was to obtain a position in a large corporation. I received and accepted an offer from Koc Holding, a diversified conglomerate, and began my professional career as a project engineer at the company's Energy and Environment group headquarters. I believe that the same perseverance and determination that enabled me to attain these goals will allow me to contribute my unique background to XXX's dynamic student body. In addition, I will share with my fellow students my unusual experiences, such as founding an Environment Club while at college, while drawing on my proven ability to motivate others towards a common goal....   [tags: Papers] 643 words
(1.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Macroeconomic Impact On Business Operations - Abstract This paper focuses on Monetary Policy, which centers on connections between money, banks, and credit to lenders. In addition, this paper will cover the effect on macroeconomic factors such as GDP, unemployment, inflation, and interest rates. Additionally, an explanation on money creation and the implications of making money gives an insight on Money Supply and Macroeconomic Factors. With many combinations of monetary policy, the paper covers the optimal balance between economic growth, low inflation, and a reasonable rate of unemployment....   [tags: Business Economics ] 1483 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Business Entrepreneurs - The entrepreneur is the pioneer, the managers the applier of existing best practices. The entrepreneur engages in strategic activity, the managers need to focus on tactical or operational activity. The entrepreneur formulates a strategy, the manager implements that strategy. Business success will depend on the continuing renewal and application of the entrepreneurial spirits. Business success depends on the application and an efficient management team. The attrition rate of any new business is extremely high....   [tags: Business Development] 890 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Economic System - Economic System A country’s economic system consists of the structure and processes that it uses to allocate it’s resources and conduct it’s commercial activities. Types of Economic Systems - Centrally planned economy - Mixed economy - Market economy Centrally planned economy System in which a nation’s resources are owned by the government. Origins: the ideology that the welfare of the group is more important than individual well being. (Karl Marx). Decline: In the 80’s nations began to dismantle communist central planning in favor of market based economy....   [tags: essays research papers] 497 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
John Dewey's Criticisms of Traditional Philosophy - Dewey's Criticisms of Traditional Philosophy ABSTRACT: In this paper I address some of John Dewey’s more generally applicable criticisms of the philosophic "tradition," and show how his criticisms stem from his naturalistic approach to philosophy. This topic is important because Dewey gives great insight into discussions that are relevant today regarding the role of philosophy. In 1935 he anticipated many of the criticisms of the "later" Wittgenstein regarding the establishment of post facto standards as a cause, the separation of language from behavior and the privatization of mind—yet Dewey still finds use for metaphysics or "thinking at large." I believe the essence of Dewey’s criticism...   [tags: Philosophical Philosophy Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
3137 words
(9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Internet and the Justice System - The Internet and the Justice System I. Introduction. The American legal system has faced many challenges in the past century, mainly due to population growth throughout the nation. The American ‘way-of-life’ has also changed significantly as a result. The legislative and judicial systems need to adapt to these developments. These include advances in information technology, particularly the Internet. This expanding communication network has created different behavioral patterns within our society....   [tags: Government Judicial Web Cyberspace Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited
5836 words
(16.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
A Case Study of the International Finance Corporation in Nigeria - IFC Mission- ‘To promote sustainable private sector investment in developing countries.’ “The World Bank’s role, in my opinion, is to help improve the business environment in the developing countries so that the private sector can drive growth.”- Mr. Peter Woicke, Executive Vice President of the World Bank Group (WBG) in charge of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) - Lagos, August 2004. At the time Mr. Woicke was speaking, IFC involvement in Nigeria had reached $200million in investment commitments, a figure quickly surpassed in less than a year from that date (as at June 2005, IFC investment in Nigeria was to the tune of $290million)....   [tags: Economics Business Case Study Essays] 4147 words
(11.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Economy of Romania - The Economy of Romania Before World War II, the Romanian economy was primarily agricultural. In 1948 the Communist government came to power and took control of nearly all aspects of the economy. Through a series of five-year plans, the Communists transformed Romania into an industrial nation. The economy grew considerably during the first part of the Communist period, but by the 1980s it had slid into decline, and shortages of consumer goods and degradation of the environment had become widespread....   [tags: Papers] 1473 words
(4.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Overview of Airline Industry - Overview of Airline Industry Air travel has grown in the past decade. Travel grew strongly for both leisure and business purposes. India will have nearly 800 to 1000 airplanes by 2023, it was estimated by Airbus. In spite of growth between 30 to 50 per cent in Indian aviation industry, losses of approximately 2200 crore is estimated for the current year. During 19991-1992, Modiluft, East West and Damania went bankrupt. Air Sahara and Jet Airways survived along with government own Indian Airlines because they had the capability to bear losses....   [tags: Aviation Airline Industry Analysis] 2284 words
(6.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Economic Intervention - Economic Intervention Every day our government makes economic decisions that affect our country and ourselves. Some of these decisions are good and benefit our lives greatly; however, many of our government's decisions, such as where our tax money should go, are not in our best interests. The Canadian government, although it is tightening up it's measures now, has been very lax with our hard earned tax money. Things like government officials receiving unreasonable benefits, government loans being given out like water, or government subsidizing of various companies and services that don't need it....   [tags: essays research papers] 449 words
(1.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Sweden - Sweden Sweden's land gently slopes eastward to the Gulf Of Bothina and The Baltic Sea. The scenery varies from unpopulated treeless Kolen Mountains in the Northwest to the very fertile plains in the southern most part of the country. Thousands of lakes cover about one twelveth of the country's total land area. Many large groups of Islands line the coast of Sweden. A few of the largest Islands are Gothland, A very fertile island covering 1160 square miles, and Oland, this island is also quite fertile and it covers a area of about 520 square miles....   [tags: Papers] 387 words
(1.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Transition of the Bulgarian Economy: 1990-1997 - Transition of the Bulgarian Economy: 1990-1997 The immense political and economic changes in Central and Eastern Europe have created a variety of unique transition economies. Each country controlling its own development without fully understanding the implications of the monetary and fiscal macroeconomic policies it yields. Bulgaria in particular has had mixed results. A 1992 OECD Economic Assessment of Bulgaria described “shock therapeitic” reform programs that included the abolition of central planning, the liberalization of most prices, and opening more markets to foreign trade....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 3 Works Cited
723 words
(2.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Brazil - In 1822, Brazil became a nation independent from Portugal. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil has overcome more than half a century of military government to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development. With an abundance of natural resources and a large labor pool, Brazil became Latin America's leading economic power by the 1970’s. Brazil is located in Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It is slightly smaller than the U.S., with bordering countries Argentina, Bolivia, Columbia, French Guyana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
532 words
(1.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
john kerry - John Forbes Kerry is the candidate I would chose in the up in coming election. Some of the issues that would decide my vote are environment, the economy, homeland security, social issues, and Iraq. I would also vote for John Kerry because he has done good things for Massachusetts and I know he will do good things for this country. My last reason for voting for John Kerry is because he will bring our troops home safely. On November 2, 2004 I would vote for John Kerry. John Forbes Kerry was born in Colorado on December 11, 1943 at Fitzsimons Army Hospital....   [tags: essays research papers] 499 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Russia - Comparative Politics Gerard Chretien RUSSIA: POLITICAL STRUCTURE: Summary: Why the democratic structure in Russia is proving to be unsuccessful. INTRODUCTION: The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, disintegrating into thirteen different states. Ever since the political structure of Russia has been viable and lacks stability. Many reasons can be cited for this instability out of which the bearish economy and a shaky democratic system are the main causes. ANALYSIS: The reforms taken after Russia’s disintegration have yet to be proved fruitful....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 1 Works Cited
518 words
(1.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Turkey and the European Union - Turkey and the European Union Let us begin this by looking at what the EU wants from Turkey. The criteria for EU membership adopted by the Copenhagen European Council in June 1993 require that a candidate country has achieved stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and respect for and protection of minorities; has a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union; and has the ability to take on the obligations of membership, including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union....   [tags: Turkey Foreign Affairs Europe Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
612 words
(1.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Nationalization - Nationalization NATIONALIZATION, in broad economic terms, the governmental appropriation of property other than land, transferring it from the domain of private property to national control. More specifically, the term designates the assumption by a nation of the ownership of privately owned industry, distributive enterprises, or other businesses or services. When applied as part of socialist or Communist programs for abolition of private property, nationalization is sometimes known as socialization....   [tags: Papers] 546 words
(1.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Importance of the 1945 and 1979 General Elections - The Importance of the 1945 and 1979 General Elections Britain has seen a lot of elections since the establishment of the parliament in 1802.To be precise there has been 53 General elections, every single one has its own importance to the history of the UK, however some turned out to be more significant that others. Can General Elections and the party elected change the whole country. Which parties happen to have done it in the past and what effect did it have on the United Kingdom....   [tags: Papers] 497 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Moral Economy in Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and Locke’s Second Treatise of Government - Moral Economy in Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and Locke’s Second Treatise of Government James Joyce on Robinson Crusoe: “…the man alone, on a desert island, constructing a simple and moral economy which becomes the basis of a commonwealth presided over by a benevolent sovereign” (Liu 731). Issues of property and ownership were important during the 18th century both to scholars and the common man. The case of America demonstrates that politicians, such as Thomas Jefferson, were highly influenced by John Locke’s ideas including those on property and the individual’s right to it....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
3072 words
(8.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Internet - Introduction Welcome to a world beyond reality; a world full of problems, promise, and possibilities. You are now in hyperreality, virtual reality, or cyberspace. It is whatever you want it to be. "[T]he Internet is like a highway, feeding small communities and large cities, and connecting their loops, backroads and alleyways" (Estrada XU). In other words, the Internet is a network of networks-a web that connects a vast number of computers. Wait. Don't give up yet, it's easier than you think. Using the Internet isn't "rocket science"....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
:: 10 Works Cited
5144 words
(14.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Camping Technology - Camping Technology Could something designed to make life easier end up ruining everything we have worked to preserve. Technology can sometimes be quite controversial. In my major, I have found that it can be almost more of a frustration than a blessing. In most industries, technological advancements are viewed as a positive step towards efficiency and economic growth. This is not always the case, however. In the camping industry, for example, the constant “improvements” are often a source of frustration to many die-hard campers....   [tags: Camps Camping Technological Papers] 1348 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Religious Pluralism in Turkey's Attempt to Become a Secular State - Religious Pluralism in Turkey's Attempt to Become a Secular State Religious Pluralism in Turkey: an Overview In 1923, a modern nation-state was forged by the reforms of Mustafa Kemal in the form of the Turkish republic. The Kemalist state sought to remove religion from the public realm by totally separating religion and politics. It was expected that the modernization process would lead to a decline in religious fervor. However, the process has actually moved Muslims into a more public sphere....   [tags: Politics Political Religion Turkey Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
1986 words
(5.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Feudal Society of Matewan - The Feudal Society of Matewan The Stone Mountain Coal Company wielded monopoly control over the town of Matewan through a feudal system of economic, cultural, political, and environmental processes. Every person in the town of Matewan came under the power of the company in one way or another. The employees of Stone Mountain were under a bondage contract with the company. Once they came to the company it was impossible to leave and at the same time maintain a basic standard of living. They could not leave also because once they signed on with the company they owed the company a large sum of money for everything ranging from the ticket for the train that brought them to Matewan to the e...   [tags: Stone Mountain Coal Company Economics Essays] 998 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Impact of ISPs on the Architecture of the Internet - The Impact of ISPs on the Architecture of the Internet The Internet was started over three decades ago as a US government sponsored project. The Internet originally connected several universities and the government; it eventually grew to include some private companies/research labs. As such, the initial users of the Internet were scientists/technologists who were well versed in the workings of the network (and who did not have the malicious intents of modern hackers). The motivation of the Internet at this time was to provide a robust nationwide communication network and to allow for the sharing of scientific research/resources around the nation1....   [tags: Internet Cause Effect Papers]
:: 5 Works Cited
2640 words
(7.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Women, Words, Writing - Women, Words, Writing During my morning commute, I cut myself off from the world around me and think. The last thing I see before "shutting off" generally starts a process of free association that is carried on by memory. For instance, this morning a woman sat beside me, reading The Alchemy of Race and Rights by Patricia Williams. Williams is someone I have heard of and read. I remembered her essay "And We Are Not Married"-a wonderful sample of women's writing. For the rest of the time I traveled by subway, I thought of pieces of writing I have read that, somehow, bear the mark of their writer's gender....   [tags: Gender Literature Papers]
:: 4 Works Cited
2876 words
(8.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Malaysian Economic Policy and FDI - Malaysian Economic Policy and FDI BACKGROUND AND COUNTRY ATTRACTIVENESS. Malaysia is the second fastest growing economy in the South East Asian region with an average Gross National Product (GNP) growth of eight-plus percent per year in the last seven years. Since independence in 1957, Malaysia has moved from an agriculturally based economy to a more diversified and export oriented one. The Malaysian market is fairly openly oriented, with tariffs only averaging approximately fifteen percent and almost non-existent non-tariff barriers and foreign exchange controls....   [tags: History Economics Malasya Essays] 3547 words
(10.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Reworking the Environmental Movement - Reworking the Environmental Movement The first Earth Day, April 22, 1970, aimed to protest the corporate and governmental abuse of the environment. In its success, an aftermath of environmental awareness ensued rooted in the movements’ ethic of ecological education and scientific questioning of the human impact on nature. Environmentalism, an off-shoot of scientific hypotheses and ethics, created an impetus for federal legislation. In the subsequent years, Congress passed many highly successful acts committed to the protection of natural resources and human health....   [tags: Essays Papers] 1844 words
(5.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America: An Analysis of its Characteristics and Efficacy - Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America: An Analysis of its Characteristics and Efficacy INTRODUCTION Foreign Direct Investment, or FDI, is defined as “an investment made by a foreign person or organization in a particular country” (http://www.encarta.com). In the 1990s, FDI became integral to the growth of Latin America. Traditionally, flows of FDI have constituted a small percentage of the resources flowing to developing countries (UNESCAP, 162). However, this characteristic changed in the 1990s when the share of FDI to developing nations rose from 12.7% in1990 to 41.5% in 1997....   [tags: Essays Papers]
:: 8 Works Cited
2022 words
(5.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Pros and Cons of Privatization - Privatisation means transferring the control of an enterprise from the government sector to the private sector. Generally, but not always, this also means transferring ownership of the Public sector enterprise as well as control. It can be accomplished by sale or lease. It can be accomplished by the government selling 100% of an enterprise, or selling 51%, or even by selling a minority stake - so long as the private sector is given full managerial control. Without transferring control to the private sector, the government can rise money by selling a smaller share, but that is not privatisation as such....   [tags: Business Privatization] 1138 words
(3.3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Historical View of Privatization and Nationalization in America - In the previous years ago, the word privatization was not well-known same as today. Conversely, word nationalization was popular at that time because of the government at that time owned all of the important enterprises such as infrastructure businesses while private sector owned in the diminutive enterprise which not important about the lifestyle of the people that illustrated the government had more bargaining power than private sector. Almost people knew nationalization but did not know about privatization....   [tags: privatization, nationalazation, USA, history,] 1034 words
(3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
international trade - Privatization of social security Today, United State is on the edge for a huge change, President George W. Bush second term agenda to reform the Social Security has left us to think about a question that will have a huge impact on the future of United State, Should Social Security be privatized. Enacted in 1935, under the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and modified many times since-including major change in 1983-Social Security provides benefits to workers and their family members upon retirement, disability, or death....   [tags: essays research papers] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Private Schools vs. Public Schools -      As time has gone by, Americans have increasingly paid more attention to the schooling process, trying harder all the time to get the best education possible for their children. As a result, more parents are turning from the public school systems to the private schools. This happens for several reasons. First, students that graduate from private schools tend to be better prepared for college. Second, private schools open up many opportunities to succeed in the business world. Last, the private schools allow the parents and the student to decide which school they feel will give the student the best education possible....   [tags: Private Schools vs. Public Schools]
:: 5 Works Cited
917 words
(2.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Secularization - Secularization The word secularization is derived from the Latin word saeculum(world) it was first used to refer the transfer of property from the church to the civil princes. Now it denotes the process by which religion loses some or all of its power, dominance and authority. Secularization as a concept refers to the actual historical process whereby this dualist system “ this world'; and the sacramental structures of mediation between this world and the other world progressively breakdown until the entire medieval systems of classification disappear, to be replaced by new systems of spatial structuration of the spheres....   [tags: Essays Papers Religion Society Worldly] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Growth of Private Security - History and growth ‘It is clear that the private security industry has experienced substantial growth, particularly if one compares the size of the industry in 1950 with that in 1995. In 1950 there were a dozen or so companies involved in the provision of security services and products; now there are thousands, in what could be described as a multi-billion industry (George and Button : 30).’ Policing is now being widely offered by institutions other than the state, most importantly by private companies on a commercial basis and by communities on a volunteer basis (Bayley and Shearing, 1996).’ According to South, Jones and Newburn, private security industry in Britain has grown from the post...   [tags: Social Issues, Policing, Terrorism] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Baldios - The baldios are an ancient tradition in Portugal, which dates back to the Middle Ages, as a privilege endowed to the inhabitants of each village, acknowledged in the royal rolls. In a feudal economy, the commons were a necessary resource to enable growers to obtain firewood and pasture, assuring their subsistence. Until the late 18th century, the commons were properties that could not be subject of individualization. However, some laws enacted by Pombal and D. Maria I, tended to misunderstand the differences between the commons and municipal properties, which gradually led to the disentailment of the commons (1869)....   [tags: History, Portugal] 1178 words
(3.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong - Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong Hong Kong has a unique history, governing system and economy. These three unique features are crucial to an understanding of the social welfare in the territory. In this essay, I will illustrate the development of social welfare in Hong Kong during different periods. At the end of the paper, I would take a look at the changing attitude of Hong Kong people towards the social policy. Before World War II In this period, the term 'social welfare' refers to limited social security and social services....   [tags: Papers] 1010 words
(2.9 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Anheuser-Bush - Anheuser-Bush Situation: The American company Anheuser-Bush (AB) cannot market its beer using their trademark name Budweiser in every country around the world. This is due to the fact that there is an European brewing company that uses the same trademark. After Adolphus Bush immigrated to the United States, he got married into the Anheuser brewing family. He used and subsequently registered the name Budweiser as a trademark. A few years after Adolphus Bush did this, a new brewery was established in Budejovicky Budvar and its beer was officially named and registered as Budweiser....   [tags: Papers] 979 words
(2.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Airline Industry - One of the world’s most competitive and prominent industries is the airlines industry. It generates huge amounts of income as well as employment each year. Some of the common names in US air travel service providers are Alaska, Northwest, Southwest, US airways, American etc. According to the latest statistics given by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the airline sector will post a profit of $9 billion in 2011. After the recent credit crunch, economies are now coming back to normal, business travel is increasing and investments in the airlines are now rising....   [tags: Transportation, Commercial Aviation] 1230 words
(3.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Social Insecurity - As the saying goes, saving money for rainy days, in other word preserve the summer harvest so there is food to eat in the long winter months. There is something naturally human about our need for security to have something on hand just in case. In 1935 the social security act was born from just such a need, when American was in crisis, so now with the current projections pointing to the crisis in social security, experts believe that by 2037, the social security trust fund will be exhausted. The birth of the social security program started as a measurement to implement “social insurance” during the great depression of the 1930s, when the New York stock exchange crash in 1929 America then sl...   [tags: Social Security] 514 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Medicare Debate - The long awaited Medicare bill is finally on the horizon. President Bush is advocating the biggest expansion of Medicare in 30 years saying, "Medicine is modernizing and Medicare isn't"(Bush). He is promoting privatization and expansion in prescription drug benefits of Medicare to help "modernize" it. Simultaneously, a new bill pushing generic drugs - far cheaper than name brand prescriptions - into the market is being endorsed. Opponents of the bill, Republicans and Democrats, argue it will only increase the government debt and will not help senior citizens pay for new lifesaving technologies....   [tags: Current Events] 478 words
(1.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Airport Privatization - Airports are key enhancers of commerce and trade; they generate massive transportation and key economic benefits (Vasigh, 2007). Privatization of airports relates to transfer of ownership of airport from public ownership sector to private ownership (Jobs Consultancy, 2007). Privatization process aims at increasing of efficiency, competitiveness and viable financing of airports. Considerations on whether to privatize an airport are made by governments and the decision has a long-term impact that follows (Jobs Consultancy, 2007)....   [tags: Aviation]
:: 3 Works Cited
873 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt - B. A Glimpse at Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt i. Privatization today The Egyptian economy was affected as a result of the mass revolution that was launched in January 2011 ultimately leading to the overthrow of the Mubarak regime. Whilst the Egyptian ‘AL-Fuloul’ (remnants of the regime) are seen to still have a tight grip on the state owned enterprises as was evident before the overthrow of Mubarak, the economy is still struggling to meet the demands of the population suffering from social unrest (Kinninmont, J....   [tags: Egyptian Economy, Mubarak Regime]
:: 23 Works Cited
977 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Proposed Alternative to the Privatization of Social Security - Our nation is on the verge of a crisis. The money that is put aside for Social Security and the benefit of our elders is drying up. Because of this, our president has announced in his State of the Union address that Social Security should be privatized. The benefits of this plan, according to Mr. President, would allow the people to take the money out of social security, and place it in their own investments, thus alleviating the pressure from the government. Democrats are deeply troubled by this proposal and claim that this course of action would be disastrous for seniors....   [tags: government, politics] 910 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
America Needs Private Prisons - Reminisce back into the elementary school days, where hundreds of kids start to line up for food at the cafeteria. Now picture that cafeteria stuffed with multitudes of bunk beds side by side in which the whole school has to sleep in. Any parent would disapprove of a living situation that is similar to that, but all over the nation, prisoners are facing those exact problems. With the rise of the prison population in America, prisons all over the nation fear what could lead to huge detrimental consequences, one of which is overcrowding....   [tags: Prison Reform, Prison Privatization]
:: 4 Works Cited
1339 words
(3.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation - Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation The word Privatisation has been used in a variety of contexts, ranging from returning state owned companies to the private sector, contracting out services to the private sector and liberalisation and deregulation. Although the most common definition of Privatisation is the idea that involves transferring the production of goods and services from the public sector to the private sector. Privatisation generally involves two main objectives....   [tags: Papers] 936 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Global Economy - I. Introduction The global economy is comprised of a multifaceted patchwork of key actors, which contribute to the development, sustainability, and strategic direction of a country. With this said, it is crucial to assess the key players of an economy with regards to the composition of public and private enterprises. The effectiveness and significance of these public and private enterprises need to be analyzed in order to measure the scope of positive or negative impact it has on the national economy when taking into account the nation’s economic indicators....   [tags: Development, Sustainability, Strategy]
:: 23 Works Cited
960 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Should the Australian Government Privatise Medibank? - The Medibank Australia was founded by the Australian government in 1976, as the Medibank is a largest private health insurer in Australia. The government believes now it’s time for them to move forward and privatise the Medibank at the end of this financial year or next financial year. The reasons why the government is privatising Medibank, is to retain the service and excellence of stages of Medibank clients, ensure the sale development treats medibank workers in a decent manner, as well as to reduce any problems sole over the post years, such as liabilities of the government....   [tags: class inequalities, healthcare, services]
:: 6 Works Cited
886 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Author’s Thesis in “Race Against Time” by Stephen Lewis - The eight Millennium Development Goals proposed by the UN during the Millennium General Assembly of 2000 will not be reached in Africa by 2015 if international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund continue to impose unethical and punishing economic policies through the Structural Adjustment Program (SAPs) on the poor and undeveloped countries of Africa and if the wealthy old core countries continue to break promises and hesitate to donate enough financial aid to Africa to help it recover from the destructive effects of the SAPs and the AIDS pandemic, and to also ensure gender equality and rights of women in Africa....   [tags: Race Against Time, Stephen Lewis, ] 825 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Public-Private Prison Debate - California is suffering from a crisis in the prison system. Its facilities are operating at double capacity and " grossly deficient medical care" is the cause of at least one inmate death per week (Wood, 2008, para. 2). Because of this need for reform, the federal government is stepping in to direct the state prison’s operating procedure. Although the financial choices of each state should be free from federal control, the federal government is still known to put pressure on states to make decisions, especially when lawsuits arise....   [tags: Private vs. Public Prisons]
:: 15 Works Cited
2337 words
(6.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Public and Private Management - Unlike many of the other writing assignments done thus far, this paper will be providing brief synopses for several essays on issues involved with the study of public management. Although it might be possible to state that the ideas and theories presented in these texts are either true or false, it will be the goal of this writing to take the simple approach and focus on the thoughts that are presented are still relevant in modern practice of public management. However, it is first important to point out that even today there is no aggregated view for weighing or measuring the success of public managers....   [tags: Business, Performance Review, Quality Management] 1795 words
(5.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Vouchers, School Choice and the Public's Interest - School Choice and the Public's Interest Recent trends toward privatizing schools and relieving them of state requirements wrongly imply that schools should mirror the desires of parents and ignore the public's interest in having citizens educated for democracy. Rob Reich, who recently earned his doctorate in philosophy of education at Stanford, is writing a book on school vouchers, charter schools and home schooling. Reich stated his view that the nation is slipping too far into deregulated schooling....   [tags: Persuasive Argumentative Essay Examples] 866 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Canadas Declining Health Care System and the Brain Drain - Canadas Declining Health Care System and the Brain Drain Canada's government-funded health care system in under attack. Despite the mandate of the Canada health act, which was meant to assure universality, comprehensiveness, equitable access, public administration and portability of our health care system, (Braithwaite 17), Canadians today make the issue of health care their most important political concern. One of the biggest crises the Canadian health care system faces is for strange reasons not in the spotlight when debating the issues, that is the brain drain-Canada losing highly skilled physicians and health care workers to other countries like the U.S....   [tags: essays papers] 880 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Water Shortages in China: Problems and Solutions - Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world....   [tags: Water Scarcity in China]
:: 7 Works Cited
1123 words
(3.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Financial Liberalization of Pakistan - In 1974 all banks of the country were nationalized, with the objective of providing the capital for top priority projects or investments, and to ensure the depositor's capital safety. Although this step was taken for the socio-economic benefits, however, the required results could not be obtained. And under the public sector's ownership and supervision the banking sector proved inefficient (Haque 1997), which leads the lower saving and investment, so as a result economic growth decreased (khan and khan 2007)....   [tags: Economics Finance]
:: 4 Works Cited
879 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Private Military and Security Companies - Private Military and Security Companies The modern Private Military and Security Company (PMSC) came to be after the end of the Cold War. An increase in government interest in privatization and outsourcing combined with an age of warfare where civilians and combatants were increasing difficult to differentiate created the perfect environment for PMSCs to expand (Singer). Although PMSCs play an integral role in providing basic services for the United States military, the extent of their role must be reevaluated because they have been criticized for unscrupulous financial practices and lack of accountability and transparency....   [tags: cold war, outsourcing, private contracts]
:: 4 Works Cited
909 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Differences Between Foreign Trade and Foreign Direct Investment - Foreign trade Foreign trade is exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. In most countries, it represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). (http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com) It is a trade between two or more countries and we can separate into three parts. • Import- Affluent countries import resources and commodities when they find comparative advantages in sourcing from foreign locations. (Holt, Wigginton, 2002) • Export – involves selling domestically produced products in foreign market through brokers or overseas distribution centres....   [tags: foreign trade, direct investment, global economy]
:: 12 Works Cited
879 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian - ... The natural resources that they depended on were exploited, in which resulted in many sufferings and tragic deaths. In year 1881, the Spokane people were relocated, and President Hayes gave the tribe a new, smaller home located in Washington and it is called “The Spokane Indian Reservation.” Federal government did not give them enough privatization, however; they were offered a monetary compensation but, was insufficient and mismanaged. At the present time, life on the Spokane reservation has minimal improvement....   [tags: poverty, india, sherman alexie] 713 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Trend of Democracy, Capitalism, and Globalization - Our generation is experiencing an extraordinary historical phenomenon; it is reshaping culture, welfare, and prosperity at a global magnitude. The tyrannizing bounds of social contract, which have restrained us from freely trading and interacting, from acting as human beings in their state of nature, are now being torn off successively, and, most importantly, the change is being spearheaded at the government echelon. One after another, the countries that make up the world's financial system are making the shift to a market-based economy....   [tags: essays research papers] 625 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Globalization and the Identity Crisis of Prague and Berlin - "…North American Culture will ultimately impose itself, standardizing the world and annihilating its rich flora of diverse culture. In this manner, all other peoples, and not just the small and weak ones, will lose their identity, their soul and become no more than 21st century colonies - zombies or caricatures modeled after the cultural norms of a new imperialism that, in addition to ruling over the planet with its capital, military might, and scientific knowledge, will impose on others its language and its ways of thinking, believing, enjoying and dreaming." -Mario Vargas Llosa, 2001 The social, economic and political consequences of globalization have been monumental in cities all over t...   [tags: Europe Western Culture Essays] 3061 words
(8.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Launch of Privatization of Egyptian SOE - A. Launch of privatization of Egyptian SOEs i. Privatization process and its impact in Egyptian textile and clothing industry The Egyptian textile and clothing industry has been of vital significance to the Egyptian economy, as the entire production process from the cultivation of cotton to the production of yarns, fabrics and garments are performed domestically. According to El-Haddad, in 2008 the industry produced 26.4% of industrial production, LE 33.5 billion of total value added (MOED 2008), and approximately 10% of the country’s exports (El-Haddad 2010:2)....   [tags: Privatization Process, Impacts, Egyptian Textile]
:: 23 Works Cited
1137 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization of Social Security - It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement plan, privatization of social security]
:: 5 Works Cited
1348 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization of Solid Waste Management - Privatization of Solid Waste Management Among the major environmental policies that have triggered hot debates among stakeholders and the public in general is that of privatizing solid waste management in various cities in the United States. Private companies have been operating the business of waste collection and management for many years not only in the U.S but also in the U.K and other countries. The debate has been whether by privatizing municipal solid waste (MSW) management, cost reduction and improved service quality can be achieved....   [tags: Waste Management ] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution - Although water is all around, very little is drinkable. Six billion people live on earth and 1.1 billion in 31 countries are unable to access safe, clean drinking water. California has only 20 years of water supply left. Ironically, even the wettest place on earth, Cherrapunji, India, has often water shortages. After years of millions of people dying of thirst and disease, a corporate movement to find a solution to the water crisis has now swept the world. Water, a fleeting resource vital to every life, every single day of the year, is now being taken out of the governments control and becoming a commodity bought and sold by big business, a.k.a privatization....   [tags: Global Water Crisis]
:: 7 Works Cited
1213 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization of Social Security - It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement, poverty, tax revenue, sustainability]
:: 6 Works Cited
1325 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Privatization of American Prisons - The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays] 4430 words
(12.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privitization - Privitization Every working American citizen contributes to Social Security. Anyone who has ever held a job has felt the frustration of seeing how much money the government takes out of their paycheck. Being told that we will all be able to collect social security when we can no longer work does not ease the frustration of having 6.2% of our hard earned money taken from us each payday. If individuals could have control of their retirement funds, this frustration could be eased. Being able to control our own retirement funds is an option that is being supported more and more by American workers....   [tags: essays papers] 1235 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]


Your search returned 200 essays for "Privatization":
1  2  3    Next >>