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Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee - Market and Freedom by Professor Dwight R. Lee The Cold War is the long time war that was taken among the former USSR and the United States of America, and the war started immediately after the end of World War II. This war was essentially a clash, or a war, of two different ideologies; the Capitalism and the Communism. The Collapse of the former Soviet Union and its transition toward the free market economy proved that capitalism and its principles as the proper way of life. Capitalism's principles such as the privatization, specialization, small state authority, individual rights, freedom, and free market economy became the ideal and the model for many nations to follow....   [tags: Papers] 385 words
(1.1 pages)
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Privatization - The term Privatization is often loosely used to mean a number of related activities, including any expansion of the scope of private sector activity in an economy and the adoption by the public sector of efficiency enhancing techniques commonly employed by the private sector. While acknowledging that no definition of privatization is water tight, we will define privatization, for the purpose of this paper, as the transfer of productive asset ownership and control from the public to the private sector.1 The transfer of assets can be total, partial or functionary, with the sale being implemented by methods such as private sales, leasing arrangements, employee buy outs and share issues....   [tags: private sector / public sector] 469 words
(1.3 pages)
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Economic System - Economic System A country’s economic system consists of the structure and processes that it uses to allocate it’s resources and conduct it’s commercial activities. Types of Economic Systems - Centrally planned economy - Mixed economy - Market economy Centrally planned economy System in which a nation’s resources are owned by the government. Origins: the ideology that the welfare of the group is more important than individual well being. (Karl Marx). Decline: In the 80’s nations began to dismantle communist central planning in favor of market based economy....   [tags: essays research papers] 497 words
(1.4 pages)
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The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions - The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions A major change and challenge for trade unions in the past 20 years has been the privatisation programme. This has affected public sector workers in particular. Under privatisation, some nationalised industries and some aspects of what had been local government services were sold off or contracted out as separate entities. As a result, many employees found themselves working for a new and very different employer and the prospect of a new contract of employment and revised conditions of service....   [tags: Papers] 526 words
(1.5 pages)
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Privatization in Russia - Privatization in Russia As a result of privatization in Russia, tens of thousands of state-owned enterprises - from small retail shops to major industrial enterprises - have been transformed into privately owned companies. Millions of Russian citizens became owners. The privatization is guided by the special government program which operates on different administrative levels: federal, regional and municipal. The authorities on any given level are authorized to privatize only those assets transferred to their ownership....   [tags: essays papers] 554 words
(1.6 pages)
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Solid Waste Management in Detroit - The article is this study explains how voters in Detroit, Michigan rejected a proposal to turn solid waste collection over to a private entity to obtain a contract to haul waste for the city. The city currently has 224 employees and out of that 166 are drivers and helpers (Carrol, 2013). The city wants to switch to privatization is because residents are receiving curbside services under the private company known as Republic Services. Detroit is one of the largest cities to enter the privatization issue and the city would like to propose a resolution to split to both private and public companies....   [tags: private, public, residents, curbside, services]
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566 words
(1.6 pages)
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Growth of Private Security - History and growth ‘It is clear that the private security industry has experienced substantial growth, particularly if one compares the size of the industry in 1950 with that in 1995. In 1950 there were a dozen or so companies involved in the provision of security services and products; now there are thousands, in what could be described as a multi-billion industry (George and Button : 30).’ Policing is now being widely offered by institutions other than the state, most importantly by private companies on a commercial basis and by communities on a volunteer basis (Bayley and Shearing, 1996).’ According to South, Jones and Newburn, private security industry in Britain has grown from the post...   [tags: Social Issues, Policing, Terrorism] 569 words
(1.6 pages)
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Secularization - Secularization The word secularization is derived from the Latin word saeculum(world) it was first used to refer the transfer of property from the church to the civil princes. Now it denotes the process by which religion loses some or all of its power, dominance and authority. Secularization as a concept refers to the actual historical process whereby this dualist system “ this world'; and the sacramental structures of mediation between this world and the other world progressively breakdown until the entire medieval systems of classification disappear, to be replaced by new systems of spatial structuration of the spheres....   [tags: Essays Papers Religion Society Worldly] 573 words
(1.6 pages)
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Privatization of Social Security - Privatization of Social Security Defenders of Social Security point out that without it, nearly four million more older Americans would have been counted as poor during 1997. But analysts say that living above the official poverty income level in retirement years is not all that difficult even for those with low incomes during their working years. All an elderly person had to earn in 1997 to be above the poverty threshold for persons 65 or older was $7,698. To receive that amount of income, all an elderly person had to have at age 67 is $192,450 in government bonds assuming current interest rates and that the individual's net worth is protected from the erosion of inflation....   [tags: Papers] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
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The New Constitutional Question - ... What converts the legal question—the horizontal effects of fundamental rights—into a burning political issue is the ongoing privatisation of government. Legal doctrines of horizontal effects usually dodge the tricky question of whether private actors are directly bound by fundamental rights provisions. A host of doctrines, according to which fundamental rights only have ‘indirect’ effects in the private sphere, have been devised.1 Simplifying grossly, there are two main constructions, albeit with numerous variants....   [tags: nation-state, societal law, legal theory] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
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Quality of Health Care and Services for the Mentally Ill in Prisons - ... However, because there is such as small amount of women in prisons, the health care needs and services can be too high and the quality of those services can be poor (Teplin, Abram & McClelland, 1997). Courts have ordered prisons to offer the same about health care and services to women prisons as they do for men prisons; however, they are still very poor quality. A study was done to look at the health care and services from women prisoners with mentally ill disorders. In the study women who did have a mental illness or disorder found 47.5% were schizophrenic or manic episodes....   [tags: no treatment, no supplies] 611 words
(1.7 pages)
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My Goal-Personal Narrative - My Goal-Personal Narrative My goal, upon finishing my graduate studies, was to obtain a position in a large corporation. I received and accepted an offer from Koc Holding, a diversified conglomerate, and began my professional career as a project engineer at the company's Energy and Environment group headquarters. I believe that the same perseverance and determination that enabled me to attain these goals will allow me to contribute my unique background to XXX's dynamic student body. In addition, I will share with my fellow students my unusual experiences, such as founding an Environment Club while at college, while drawing on my proven ability to motivate others towards a common goal....   [tags: Papers] 643 words
(1.8 pages)
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Humans are Destined to Explore Beyond Our Planet's Boundaries - ... Unfortunately with the space race being concluded and the Apollo missions coming to an end the government’s interest in space exploration went on a sharp decline. The main cause of NASA’s deterioration was a product of simple numbers. A single mission to the moon cost millions with the final cost of project Apollo was reported to Congress as $25.4 billion. This has made space exploration unreasonable to the American government which was already dealing with a precarious budget for many years....   [tags: extraterrestrial , space travel, NASA] 662 words
(1.9 pages)
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The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian - ... The natural resources that they depended on were exploited, in which resulted in many sufferings and tragic deaths. In year 1881, the Spokane people were relocated, and President Hayes gave the tribe a new, smaller home located in Washington and it is called “The Spokane Indian Reservation.” Federal government did not give them enough privatization, however; they were offered a monetary compensation but, was insufficient and mismanaged. At the present time, life on the Spokane reservation has minimal improvement....   [tags: poverty, india, sherman alexie] 713 words
(2 pages)
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Inside Job Movie Review - ... I see the impact of their power not only on financial industry but also on school system. Basically they build and control the system. David Harvey proposal’s theory of how neo-liberalism has achieved growth has been confirmed in this documentary. In this paper, I will be talking about how the four elements of accumulation by dispossession which are privatization, financialization, manipulation of crises, and state redistributions are verified throughout the movie. The movie started with how Iceland was deregulated and how privatization affected the population....   [tags: neo-liberalism turning world into chaos] 735 words
(2.1 pages)
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privatization - The social impact of privatization has been an appendage rather than being built into the design of public sector reform programs and particular measures from start to finish. The objectives and the process of privatization has to be rethought because democracy requires the fullest participation of all people in American society, not just those deemed to live in the “public sector”. What is happening is not only increasing fear of the poor, but also the privatization of public space, which is given an added push by government cut-backs....   [tags: essays research papers] 756 words
(2.2 pages)
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¿Es la privatización buena para un país? - ... • Si no se establecen reglas claras al momento de hacer los contratos de privatización los empresarios se aprovechan y lo único que hace es enriquecer a unos pocos grupos de poder. • En un clima de corrupción gubernamental y de malversación de fondos Públicos, no es fácil convencer al pueblo de que el dinero producto de la Venta de activos reproducibles será utilizada óptimamente. ¿Qué ocurrirá con las variables demanda, oferta, precios, costos, cantidades demandadas, cantidades ofrecidas, niveles de competencia u otras que sea conveniente analizar....   [tags: corrupción, honduras, economia] 759 words
(2.2 pages)
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Kyrgyzstan - The collapse of the Soviet Union created 15 new states. These states over the last 5 years have all struggled with economic, ethnic, political and territorial problems left to them by the Soviet empire. Kyrgyzstan, is a former Soviet Republic (FSR) located in the Central Asia. This paper will give a statistical representation of the state, Kyrgyzstan. The statistical data will reflect the basic geography of the subject country containing population, size and location. This miniature report will also contain brief descriptions of current political and economic situations....   [tags: essays research papers] 781 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Author’s Thesis in “Race Against Time” by Stephen Lewis - The eight Millennium Development Goals proposed by the UN during the Millennium General Assembly of 2000 will not be reached in Africa by 2015 if international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund continue to impose unethical and punishing economic policies through the Structural Adjustment Program (SAPs) on the poor and undeveloped countries of Africa and if the wealthy old core countries continue to break promises and hesitate to donate enough financial aid to Africa to help it recover from the destructive effects of the SAPs and the AIDS pandemic, and to also ensure gender equality and rights of women in Africa....   [tags: Race Against Time, Stephen Lewis, ] 825 words
(2.4 pages)
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Privatization, the Best Option for Social Security Reform - ... Instead, Social Security recipients would have money go into a private account which the account holder would have control over. In 2000 Bush pushed for privatization, this plan would give young workers the choice to create a government-supervised private account which included bonds, stocks, and other financial holdings (Fox News 2008). This started the idea of having ownership over a private account that was personally controlled. Account holders were directly receiving the money they invested in Social Security, and have the option to spend the money as they see fit....   [tags: retiree funds]
:: 4 Works Cited
834 words
(2.4 pages)
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international trade - Privatization of social security Today, United State is on the edge for a huge change, President George W. Bush second term agenda to reform the Social Security has left us to think about a question that will have a huge impact on the future of United State, Should Social Security be privatized. Enacted in 1935, under the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and modified many times since-including major change in 1983-Social Security provides benefits to workers and their family members upon retirement, disability, or death....   [tags: essays research papers] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
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Vouchers, School Choice and the Public's Interest - School Choice and the Public's Interest Recent trends toward privatizing schools and relieving them of state requirements wrongly imply that schools should mirror the desires of parents and ignore the public's interest in having citizens educated for democracy. Rob Reich, who recently earned his doctorate in philosophy of education at Stanford, is writing a book on school vouchers, charter schools and home schooling. Reich stated his view that the nation is slipping too far into deregulated schooling....   [tags: Persuasive Argumentative Essay Examples] 866 words
(2.5 pages)
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Airport Privatization - Airports are key enhancers of commerce and trade; they generate massive transportation and key economic benefits (Vasigh, 2007). Privatization of airports relates to transfer of ownership of airport from public ownership sector to private ownership (Jobs Consultancy, 2007). Privatization process aims at increasing of efficiency, competitiveness and viable financing of airports. Considerations on whether to privatize an airport are made by governments and the decision has a long-term impact that follows (Jobs Consultancy, 2007)....   [tags: Aviation]
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873 words
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Financial Liberalization of Pakistan - In 1974 all banks of the country were nationalized, with the objective of providing the capital for top priority projects or investments, and to ensure the depositor's capital safety. Although this step was taken for the socio-economic benefits, however, the required results could not be obtained. And under the public sector's ownership and supervision the banking sector proved inefficient (Haque 1997), which leads the lower saving and investment, so as a result economic growth decreased (khan and khan 2007)....   [tags: Economics Finance]
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879 words
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The Differences Between Foreign Trade and Foreign Direct Investment - Foreign trade Foreign trade is exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. In most countries, it represents a significant share of gross domestic product (GDP). (http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com) It is a trade between two or more countries and we can separate into three parts. • Import- Affluent countries import resources and commodities when they find comparative advantages in sourcing from foreign locations. (Holt, Wigginton, 2002) • Export – involves selling domestically produced products in foreign market through brokers or overseas distribution centres....   [tags: foreign trade, direct investment, global economy]
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879 words
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Canadas Declining Health Care System and the Brain Drain - Canadas Declining Health Care System and the Brain Drain Canada's government-funded health care system in under attack. Despite the mandate of the Canada health act, which was meant to assure universality, comprehensiveness, equitable access, public administration and portability of our health care system, (Braithwaite 17), Canadians today make the issue of health care their most important political concern. One of the biggest crises the Canadian health care system faces is for strange reasons not in the spotlight when debating the issues, that is the brain drain-Canada losing highly skilled physicians and health care workers to other countries like the U.S....   [tags: essays papers] 880 words
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Should the Australian Government Privatise Medibank? - The Medibank Australia was founded by the Australian government in 1976, as the Medibank is a largest private health insurer in Australia. The government believes now it’s time for them to move forward and privatise the Medibank at the end of this financial year or next financial year. The reasons why the government is privatising Medibank, is to retain the service and excellence of stages of Medibank clients, ensure the sale development treats medibank workers in a decent manner, as well as to reduce any problems sole over the post years, such as liabilities of the government....   [tags: class inequalities, healthcare, services]
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886 words
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Business Entrepreneurs - The entrepreneur is the pioneer, the managers the applier of existing best practices. The entrepreneur engages in strategic activity, the managers need to focus on tactical or operational activity. The entrepreneur formulates a strategy, the manager implements that strategy. Business success will depend on the continuing renewal and application of the entrepreneurial spirits. Business success depends on the application and an efficient management team. The attrition rate of any new business is extremely high....   [tags: Business Development] 890 words
(2.5 pages)
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Private Military and Security Companies - Private Military and Security Companies The modern Private Military and Security Company (PMSC) came to be after the end of the Cold War. An increase in government interest in privatization and outsourcing combined with an age of warfare where civilians and combatants were increasing difficult to differentiate created the perfect environment for PMSCs to expand (Singer). Although PMSCs play an integral role in providing basic services for the United States military, the extent of their role must be reevaluated because they have been criticized for unscrupulous financial practices and lack of accountability and transparency....   [tags: cold war, outsourcing, private contracts]
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909 words
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Proposed Alternative to the Privatization of Social Security - Our nation is on the verge of a crisis. The money that is put aside for Social Security and the benefit of our elders is drying up. Because of this, our president has announced in his State of the Union address that Social Security should be privatized. The benefits of this plan, according to Mr. President, would allow the people to take the money out of social security, and place it in their own investments, thus alleviating the pressure from the government. Democrats are deeply troubled by this proposal and claim that this course of action would be disastrous for seniors....   [tags: government, politics] 910 words
(2.6 pages)
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Private Schools vs. Public Schools -      As time has gone by, Americans have increasingly paid more attention to the schooling process, trying harder all the time to get the best education possible for their children. As a result, more parents are turning from the public school systems to the private schools. This happens for several reasons. First, students that graduate from private schools tend to be better prepared for college. Second, private schools open up many opportunities to succeed in the business world. Last, the private schools allow the parents and the student to decide which school they feel will give the student the best education possible....   [tags: Private Schools vs. Public Schools]
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917 words
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Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation - Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation The word Privatisation has been used in a variety of contexts, ranging from returning state owned companies to the private sector, contracting out services to the private sector and liberalisation and deregulation. Although the most common definition of Privatisation is the idea that involves transferring the production of goods and services from the public sector to the private sector. Privatisation generally involves two main objectives....   [tags: Papers] 936 words
(2.7 pages)
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Areas of Reformation in Greece - ... Some other component in the reform, is retirement age from 61 to 65 would need to be increased and it is estimated would save €1.28 billion in 2012 alone and reduction of supplementary pensions between 10% to 20%. (OECD 2012) Product Market Reform Privatisation It also included privatisation programs which primarily centre on setting up public revenues in several energy and transport sectors which consist full or partial privatization which cost upward to €10 billion. To increase efficiency and improve a strong cooperation, public private partnership would be launched and concessions of the partnership as an attraction to the constitution....   [tags: tax, market, economy] 936 words
(2.7 pages)
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The Three Areas of Globalization - ... My iPhone for instance was designed in California but manufactured in China. Rich countries specialize in high-tech products while the poor countries are now left to mass-produce those products abandoning their once agricultural economy. The constant contact between the interconnected economies often makes it as inexpensive to do business with foreign companies compared to internal businesses This helps create more market and more product diversity globally however; it also minimizes the advantage of the domestic businesses....   [tags: culture, political, economic] 940 words
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The Global Economy - I. Introduction The global economy is comprised of a multifaceted patchwork of key actors, which contribute to the development, sustainability, and strategic direction of a country. With this said, it is crucial to assess the key players of an economy with regards to the composition of public and private enterprises. The effectiveness and significance of these public and private enterprises need to be analyzed in order to measure the scope of positive or negative impact it has on the national economy when taking into account the nation’s economic indicators....   [tags: Development, Sustainability, Strategy]
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960 words
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Water Privatization: Private vs. Public - Water has become a very controversial issue in the United States and around the world. As populations increase and resources decrease, the way we use our resources and keep populations safe become more and more important. Throughout the world there are nearly 1.1 billion people who do not have access the clean drinking water. 5 Most of these 1.1 billion people are located in poor areas and do not have the financial means to build the infrastructures needed to provide water to the citizens of their country....   [tags: Private vs. Public Ownership of Water]
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963 words
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Saving the USPS Through Privitization - ... The plan to privatize would save the USPS from losing billions of dollars annually. Many of the reasons the USPS is having financial problems is because of congress’s authority over it. Although technically the USPS is a federal agency governed by a Board nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate, like the Fed, congress ultimately has authority over the service, unlike the Fed. The USPS is structured like a business, but Congress prevents it from actually acting like one and taking measures to reduce costs, improve efficiency, and innovate....   [tags: mail, financial, deliver] 973 words
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Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt - B. A Glimpse at Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt i. Privatization today The Egyptian economy was affected as a result of the mass revolution that was launched in January 2011 ultimately leading to the overthrow of the Mubarak regime. Whilst the Egyptian ‘AL-Fuloul’ (remnants of the regime) are seen to still have a tight grip on the state owned enterprises as was evident before the overthrow of Mubarak, the economy is still struggling to meet the demands of the population suffering from social unrest (Kinninmont, J....   [tags: Egyptian Economy, Mubarak Regime]
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977 words
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Anheuser-Bush - Anheuser-Bush Situation: The American company Anheuser-Bush (AB) cannot market its beer using their trademark name Budweiser in every country around the world. This is due to the fact that there is an European brewing company that uses the same trademark. After Adolphus Bush immigrated to the United States, he got married into the Anheuser brewing family. He used and subsequently registered the name Budweiser as a trademark. A few years after Adolphus Bush did this, a new brewery was established in Budejovicky Budvar and its beer was officially named and registered as Budweiser....   [tags: Papers] 979 words
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Social Security - Social Security "On a daily basis senior citizens face a choice between buying food, paying the rent, or buying medicine. Senior citizens slice pills into halves because they can't afford their full prescriptions." (Federal News Service Sept. 2002) Social Security is what keeps many elderly and disabled Americans from being stricken by poverty. Without Social Security in our society 15.3 million elderly would have incomes below the poverty line, however after Social Security was added to the equation only 3.8 million elderly have incomes below poverty....   [tags: Welfare Politics Essays]
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989 words
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Proposed Solutions for Problems with the Federal Government's Management of Their Land - ... All of these approaches would disperse control over the lands to improve environmental stewardship and economic competence. The primary concern for privatizing lands is that they will be “exploited and ravaged” for short-term profit therefore causing environmental destruction (Moeller, 2002). Places like Wyoming and Montana, have large coal deposits. The federal government in 1976 Congress passed an Act requiring BLM to maximize economic recovery of federal coal sources in Powder River Basin, for US use (could last nearly a century), but in recent years the government is considering exporting to Asia (decreasing the coal supply to as little as 25 years)....   [tags: privitization, conservation, state] 994 words
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Groundwater Pollution and Drinking Water Scarcity - "By means of water, we give life to everything." – Koran, 21:30 Drinking water is our most precious resource, something every human being needs to survive. Yet today over 1.2 billion people a day on average do not have access to drinking water. Even if they might have this access, the chances are good that the drinking water is polluted with many contaminants. In the future, we will probably find that clean drinking water will go to the highest bidder, and even more people will find themselves without easy access to drinking water....   [tags: Water Environment Ecology Essays] 999 words
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The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank - ... It provides financial and technical aid to developing countries in an attempt to reduce poverty and support development. It does this through low-interest loans, interest-free credits, and grants to developing countries. Additional assistance it provides includes advice about policy, research, and analysis (The World Bank 1). When the IMF and World Bank aid a country, they make the country adopt certain neoliberal practices in exchange for their assistance. These can include privatization of government owned industries, trade liberalization, high interest rates, and cuts in government expenditure (Global Envision 2)....   [tags: Bretton Woods conference, economic history] 1008 words
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE - C. Advantages and disadvantages of acquiring SOEs When a manager is assessing profitability of acquiring a state owned enterprise, it is crucial to identify the advantages and disadvantages. By doing this, the company will be able to make effective and strategic decisions, especially when entering a company in the volatile MENA region. Several driving factors may serve as incentives for managers, which include the fact that acquisition could be seen as a strategic move that provides local brands, increases distribution channels, therefore leading to higher levels of efficiency....   [tags: Manager, Assessment, Profitability]
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1010 words
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Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong - Understanding Social Welfare of Hong Kong Hong Kong has a unique history, governing system and economy. These three unique features are crucial to an understanding of the social welfare in the territory. In this essay, I will illustrate the development of social welfare in Hong Kong during different periods. At the end of the paper, I would take a look at the changing attitude of Hong Kong people towards the social policy. Before World War II In this period, the term 'social welfare' refers to limited social security and social services....   [tags: Papers] 1010 words
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The Hidden Sides of Water Wars - In 1995, the vice-president of the World Bank, Ismail Serageldin said, “If the wars of this century were fought over oil, the wars of the next century would be fought over water.” Unfortunately, the water war had already started and he among many others are a huge part of it. This war is specifically over the privatization of water in poorer countries and is dominated by the World Bank, the IMF, the WTO, the G-7 countries, and large water corporations. They are able to make themselves the victims and the poor the villains in the eyes of the public....   [tags: Water Needs, World] 1014 words
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Electricity Directive of European Union - ... Both systems give the network owner the opportunity to refuse access due to the lack of capacity. Under the Single-Buyer system there is only one wholesale buyer of electricity for the whole country. The advantages of this system were not really clear and no countries have implemented this system.  An important aspect of the first directive was the unbundling of Transmission System Operators TSOs) from Distribution System Operators (DSOs) to create a separation between generators and suppliers....   [tags: generation, retail, supply, transmission] 1023 words
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In Favor of Social Security Reform - In Favor of Social Security Reform There are millions of Americans affected by social security. These Americans rely on social security to provide them with financial security. Recently President Bush agreed to proposing a method of privatizing the social security program so that in the future the vast reserves of the social security system would not run out nearly as fast. With the always increasing rise in inflation, and the baby boomer generation reaching ages of retirement fairly soon, this is an issue that needs to be dealt with correctly and rapidly....   [tags: Economics Politics Argumentative Essays] 1027 words
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The Historical View of Privatization and Nationalization in America - In the previous years ago, the word privatization was not well-known same as today. Conversely, word nationalization was popular at that time because of the government at that time owned all of the important enterprises such as infrastructure businesses while private sector owned in the diminutive enterprise which not important about the lifestyle of the people that illustrated the government had more bargaining power than private sector. Almost people knew nationalization but did not know about privatization....   [tags: privatization, nationalazation, USA, history,] 1034 words
(3 pages)
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The Polarization of the British Political System - ... 64) Nigel Lawson is suggesting that Thatcherism follows the notion of classical liberalism, because it’s primary goal emphasis on securing the freedom of the individual by limiting the power of the government. This ideology advocates civil liberties with a limited government under the rule of law, private property rights, and belief in laissesz-faire economic liberalism. Laissez-faire can be described as an economic notion that promotes transactions between private parties are free from government restrictions, tariffs, and subsidies....   [tags: politics, economic, social policy] 1036 words
(3 pages)
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disinvestment - DISINVESTMENT OF PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS IN INDIA TODAY THE RUSSIAN ECONOMIC MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT CONNOTED THROUGH THE RUSSIAN FUR DOES NOT EXIST. TODAY THE CHINESE ECONOMIC MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT CONNOTED THROUGH THE MAO SUIT DOES NOT EXIST. Margaret Thatcher disrobed them. The concept of the GOLDEN STRAIGHT JACKET is avowed, to whether it were the Democrats or the Republicans, the Conservatives or the Laborites, the BJP or the Congress. The concept of the golden straight jacket has been embraced by all countries including India....   [tags: essays research papers] 1038 words
(3 pages)
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What's Best for the Environment? - What is best for the environment. Edward O. Wilson’s book The Future of Life takes a satirical look at the two views of what the world needs and how they relate to humans. He alludes to the anthropocentric desires of “people- first” supporters, and the goals and solutions of left-wing environmentalists. Wilson portrays substantial rifts between the two groups which ultimately produce ineffective results due to the fact that they maintain preexisting stereotypes of their “opposition”, entirely distinct goals, and solutions which seek different sectors of development....   [tags: Literary Analysis ] 1051 words
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The Problems with Water Desalination - The average human can not live any longer than three days without water. Many of the world’s fresh water sources are running dry or are being contaminated, particularly in developing nations, leaving many without safe water to drink. Only two and a half percent of the Earth’s water is freshwater, and less than one percent is accessible by humans (not tied up in ice caps). This one percent of the Earth’s water supply is expected to sustain a population of over 7 billion people, each needing 2.6 liters a day to remain fully healthy, plus all of the water required for agriculture and industry....   [tags: water crisis, drinking water, developing nations]
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1052 words
(3 pages)
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Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution - Water is vital for humanity as it sustains human life and is a fundamental aspect in most of the products which are consumed by an average living person. This is why water supplies are crucial, because through them this substance is provided sadly these services are being perturbed by various obstacles that at the end are provoking a severe water scarcity around the globe. This has been attempted to be solved by privatising water services, since it is believed that water available for free has generated an overexploitation of this resource....   [tags: Drinking Water Shortage]
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1057 words
(3 pages)
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The Fall of Communism - The era that preceded the formation of the Soviet Union was earmarked with social unrest, famine, and failed governments. After many struggles, many smaller soviet republics joined to form a large conglomerate nation, known as the Soviet Union in 1922. Vladimir Lenin, leader at the time, replaced the failing capitalist government with a communist government. . At the end of WWII, most of Eastern and Central Europe’s countries were being occupied by the soviet army. They came to be controlled by the Soviet government and pulled back behind an “iron Curtain”....   [tags: Communism Essays]
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1058 words
(3 pages)
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Awakening The Society From the Silence - ... “Ten thousand people, maybe more,” and “People talking without speaking, People hearing without listening,” these lines seem to connote a painful reality of hectic society to which people are satisfied with their current positions instead of seeking for their own characteristics. The outcome of this is that many people insist illogical facts and intelligence and they reveal their incapacity in terms of understanding and listening to others while talking. Words presented during conversation lack its meanings because many people today are hectic so that they have tendency to put more emphasis on themselves instead of focusing on others’ words where silence slowly takes possessions of human...   [tags: Creating a Song, Sounds, Music, Lyrics]
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1061 words
(3 pages)
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London Heathrow Airport - 1.1 Background Airports can be considered as important national resources of most countries in the world. The main responsibility of an airport is in transportation of people and goods and in internal and global business. They are where the nation’s aviation system connects with other modes of transportation and where state responsibility for managing and regulating air traffic operations intersects with the role of governments that own and operate most airports. However, most major airports are owned and operated by the private sectors....   [tags: BAA, privatization,aviation]
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1066 words
(3 pages)
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What is the Future of Social Security? - What is the future of Social Security. There is much-heated debate on the issues of Social Security today. The Social Security system is the largest government program of income distribution in the United States. People are concerned that they won't see a dime of what they worked so hard to contribute into the Social Security system for so many years. Social Security provides benefits to about forty-three million Americans. Not only to retired workers, but also to their spouses and dependents of the workers who die prematurely....   [tags: essays research papers] 1069 words
(3.1 pages)
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Economic Redemption in La Forja, Argentina - Argentina, which was soon to become the economic powerhouse, quickly descends into a ghost town of abandoned factories and mass unemployment. President Carlos Menem transformed Argentina by selling out every public asset he could find; he privatized factories, and created many corporate handouts. The nation approved of Menem’s changes, and Washington said “This is the best thing ever” (The Take) What the citizens didn’t realize is that by transforming the nation this way, Menem was creating a capitalist wild west....   [tags: Capitalist Wild West, Cooperative Business]
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1092 words
(3.1 pages)
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Sheding the Light on the Privatization of Prisons from the Costs Point of View - ... A coalition of taxpayers sent a letter to the 48 governors encouraging them to reject the offer; it is costly and dangerous and weakens the state. In sum, the article show the public discourse of privatization and its alleged cost savings to the taxpayers. The occupied bed mandate in the contract has a direct correlation to the cost of operating a private prison, and making a comparison to a government facility dogmatic (The American Press, 2013). Influences on the Business Decision to Privatize In 2002, in a paper written by Price: Economics, ideology, politics, and profits: What drives prison privatization....   [tags: budget savings, profit]
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1094 words
(3.1 pages)
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Foreign Direct Investment: Evolutions and Trends in Developing Nations - The world economy has evolved over the past few decades in an extreme fashion, regarding investment in particular and the way globalized enterprises are now investing in the developing world to increase their production, assets, and interconnected market networks (Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries, Finance and Development/March 1999). As a result of the changing trends of Foreign Direct Investment, developing countries have either benefited from them or stood behind others without any progress....   [tags: Management] 1111 words
(3.2 pages)
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Change and Uncertainty in Russia - ... However, this proved to be a short lived dream. He soon diminished the freedom of press and made it very hard for rival political parties to gain power. The political culture in modern Russia is unlike most democracies in the world. The people have very little faith in the new system, although most agreed it was better then what it had replaced. There is little political identity in Russia. The elections are run similar to Germany when it comes to the Duma, half of the seats go to proportional representation and the other half the single-member districts....   [tags: berlin wall, communism, cold war] 1116 words
(3.2 pages)
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Water Shortages in China: Problems and Solutions - Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world....   [tags: Water Scarcity in China]
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1123 words
(3.2 pages)
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Launch of Privatization of Egyptian SOE - A. Launch of privatization of Egyptian SOEs i. Privatization process and its impact in Egyptian textile and clothing industry The Egyptian textile and clothing industry has been of vital significance to the Egyptian economy, as the entire production process from the cultivation of cotton to the production of yarns, fabrics and garments are performed domestically. According to El-Haddad, in 2008 the industry produced 26.4% of industrial production, LE 33.5 billion of total value added (MOED 2008), and approximately 10% of the country’s exports (El-Haddad 2010:2)....   [tags: Privatization Process, Impacts, Egyptian Textile]
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1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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Pros and Cons of Privatization - Privatisation means transferring the control of an enterprise from the government sector to the private sector. Generally, but not always, this also means transferring ownership of the Public sector enterprise as well as control. It can be accomplished by sale or lease. It can be accomplished by the government selling 100% of an enterprise, or selling 51%, or even by selling a minority stake - so long as the private sector is given full managerial control. Without transferring control to the private sector, the government can rise money by selling a smaller share, but that is not privatisation as such....   [tags: Business Privatization] 1138 words
(3.3 pages)
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Alienation in Wisconsin - In recent weeks, Madison, Wisconsin has been in complete uproar with large protests against Governor Scott Walker’s budget bill. This budget bill would deny collective-bargaining rights to public sector workers in which the governor purposes will help with the state’s financial problems. By proposing this budget bill, Governor Walker is attacking unions which have nothing to do with the financial problems of the state. In fact, these unions have already agreed to make financial adjustments but the governor has rejected these proposals....   [tags: Government ]
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1154 words
(3.3 pages)
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The Turkish Economy : Challenges and Difficulties - ... This program had four important pillars: • A restructuring of the state banks • A prompt resolution of the SDIF banks • A strengthening of the private banks • A strengthening of the regulatory and supervisory framework. To strengthen the capital structures of state banks, a total of USD 22bn was provided by the SDIF at the end of 2001. Along with this, USD 28bn in total was transferred to banks under Savings Deposit Insurance Fund control to strengthen their capital structures. The budget of the Savings Deposit Insurance Fund was financed by the Turkish government, by issuing bonds....   [tags: privatization, foreign banks] 1176 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Baldios - The baldios are an ancient tradition in Portugal, which dates back to the Middle Ages, as a privilege endowed to the inhabitants of each village, acknowledged in the royal rolls. In a feudal economy, the commons were a necessary resource to enable growers to obtain firewood and pasture, assuring their subsistence. Until the late 18th century, the commons were properties that could not be subject of individualization. However, some laws enacted by Pombal and D. Maria I, tended to misunderstand the differences between the commons and municipal properties, which gradually led to the disentailment of the commons (1869)....   [tags: History, Portugal] 1178 words
(3.4 pages)
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Slaves to the Corporation: The Private Prison System - ... As stated by the Too Good to be True Report(2010), the Corrections Corporation of America was the first private company ever contracted to run a correctional facility in Hamilton, Tennessee in 1984. As a result private companies began to emerge in the market. More importantly prior to this, President Richard Nixon during his term had declared the “War on Drugs”, which entailed harsher and longer sentences for drug related crimes. These two events resulted in a mass incarceration rate increase which further facilitated the establishment of new privately owned and/or run for profit correctional facilities....   [tags: sociological analysis, human exploitation] 1185 words
(3.4 pages)
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Pros and Cons of Privatized Social Security - When we hear about social security we think of that number every adult and college teen should memorize as they venture on the real world. We don’t think any more of it and most people don’t know about the benefits of such a number and having one. Some migrants from other countries dream of being in America and having a social security so that they may reap the benefits of having such a number and becoming a US citizen, while most every day people just assume it’s a number. What social security is would be a program created back in 1935 and it was used to provide old age, disability, and survivors insurance and on top of that, a supplemental security income which is a income for the elderly...   [tags: United States, privatization, retirement, stocks]
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1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Private Prisons or For -Profit Prisons - ... Their model shows that the public manager will choose which sector minimizes the weighted sum of production and transaction costs. Using health services, the authors show that local governments should prefer using private companies for work that minimize production costs which can be well-defined, but should not engage for-profit entities when contracting for intangible services, where monitoring is important”. In the 1980s, the combination of the Reagan administration’s emphasis on a smaller government role and the increased privatization in other spheres, prison crowding paved the way for the emergence of private prison management....   [tags: company, pay, private, cost ] 1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Public Policy of Social Security and Retirement Savings - Social Security is on the verge of taking care of the baby boomers generation. This means that it will be paying more benefits than taxes it receives. In lay-man’s terms it means it will be spending more money than it is making. I think that you should pay into your own private retirement account for you to reap the benefits in the future. Not for you to pay into a cluster of workers money for current elders to benefit from. You need to take care of your own future and not rely on other people’s responsibility....   [tags: Public Policy]
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1203 words
(3.4 pages)
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Neoliberalism and The Environmental Issues - Throughout the course of the semester, neoliberalism is a concept that is continuously reflected within the literature. Neoliberalism is a set of political-economic practices that proposes human well-being can best be advanced by deregulation of the economy, privatization, private property rights, lower government spending on social services, and by free trade/country can’t impose tariffs. Neoliberalism connects In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers, Planet of Slums, and Forest Guardians Forest Destroyers....   [tags: literature, capitalist economy]
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1209 words
(3.5 pages)
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Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution - Although water is all around, very little is drinkable. Six billion people live on earth and 1.1 billion in 31 countries are unable to access safe, clean drinking water. California has only 20 years of water supply left. Ironically, even the wettest place on earth, Cherrapunji, India, has often water shortages. After years of millions of people dying of thirst and disease, a corporate movement to find a solution to the water crisis has now swept the world. Water, a fleeting resource vital to every life, every single day of the year, is now being taken out of the governments control and becoming a commodity bought and sold by big business, a.k.a privatization....   [tags: Global Water Crisis]
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1213 words
(3.5 pages)
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Formal Government Policies to Deal with the Slums of Egypt - The formal governmental policies discussed above were solutions to housing problems, in general, used by the government rather than the solution to alleviate informal settlements specifically of their predicament. The issue discussed above was solely to show how the government’s policies, both formal and informal, were trying to solve housing as problem and while doing so they infected other areas, creating informal settlements. Now developmental policies used for alleviating slums themselves will be discussed....   [tags: shelter, housing, Cairo]
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1229 words
(3.5 pages)
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Airline Industry - One of the world’s most competitive and prominent industries is the airlines industry. It generates huge amounts of income as well as employment each year. Some of the common names in US air travel service providers are Alaska, Northwest, Southwest, US airways, American etc. According to the latest statistics given by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the airline sector will post a profit of $9 billion in 2011. After the recent credit crunch, economies are now coming back to normal, business travel is increasing and investments in the airlines are now rising....   [tags: Transportation, Commercial Aviation] 1230 words
(3.5 pages)
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Dismantling Public Schools, Displacing African Americans and Latinos - Our discussion about chapter three had a tone of enlightenment and deep frustration and took us back to the first day of class where we were challenged to differentiate between politics, policy, and law as it relates to education. I will admit that this question stumped me. Through discussion on that first day we arrived at an explanation that compares the trio to the human psyche. Educational policy is casted as the “ego”, the rational aspects of education. Politics is the more primal and self-driven “id” and, in turn, politics has a direct and strong impact on policy....   [tags: politics, policy, and law]
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1231 words
(3.5 pages)
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Privitization - Privitization Every working American citizen contributes to Social Security. Anyone who has ever held a job has felt the frustration of seeing how much money the government takes out of their paycheck. Being told that we will all be able to collect social security when we can no longer work does not ease the frustration of having 6.2% of our hard earned money taken from us each payday. If individuals could have control of their retirement funds, this frustration could be eased. Being able to control our own retirement funds is an option that is being supported more and more by American workers....   [tags: essays papers] 1235 words
(3.5 pages)
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Privatization of Solid Waste Management - Privatization of Solid Waste Management Among the major environmental policies that have triggered hot debates among stakeholders and the public in general is that of privatizing solid waste management in various cities in the United States. Private companies have been operating the business of waste collection and management for many years not only in the U.S but also in the U.K and other countries. The debate has been whether by privatizing municipal solid waste (MSW) management, cost reduction and improved service quality can be achieved....   [tags: Waste Management ] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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Benefits of Impure Public Goods on Marine Biodiversity Preservation - Systems of “impure public goods” are touted as offering a blend of private and public interests, preventing exploitation while still allowing these resources to be accessible to the public. In the field of marine biodiversity, this is important because it can potentially prevent resources from being exploited and/or species from becoming eradicated. The idea of public goods offers a system that is subject to external forces and internal mechanisms, and despite its negative and positive impacts remains a system worth investigating for the purposes of marine preservation....   [tags: public interests, marine biodiversity]
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1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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