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Your search returned over 400 essays for "Privatization"
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Launch of Privatization of Egyptian SOE - A. Launch of privatization of Egyptian SOEs i. Privatization process and its impact in Egyptian textile and clothing industry The Egyptian textile and clothing industry has been of vital significance to the Egyptian economy, as the entire production process from the cultivation of cotton to the production of yarns, fabrics and garments are performed domestically. According to El-Haddad, in 2008 the industry produced 26.4% of industrial production, LE 33.5 billion of total value added (MOED 2008), and approximately 10% of the country’s exports (El-Haddad 2010:2)....   [tags: Privatization Process, Impacts, Egyptian Textile]
:: 23 Works Cited
1137 words
(3.2 pages)
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The Historical View of Privatization and Nationalization in America - In the previous years ago, the word privatization was not well-known same as today. Conversely, word nationalization was popular at that time because of the government at that time owned all of the important enterprises such as infrastructure businesses while private sector owned in the diminutive enterprise which not important about the lifestyle of the people that illustrated the government had more bargaining power than private sector. Almost people knew nationalization but did not know about privatization....   [tags: privatization, nationalazation, USA, history,] 1034 words
(3 pages)
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Privatization of Social Security - It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement plan, privatization of social security]
:: 5 Works Cited
1348 words
(3.9 pages)
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Pros and Cons of Privatization - Privatisation means transferring the control of an enterprise from the government sector to the private sector. Generally, but not always, this also means transferring ownership of the Public sector enterprise as well as control. It can be accomplished by sale or lease. It can be accomplished by the government selling 100% of an enterprise, or selling 51%, or even by selling a minority stake - so long as the private sector is given full managerial control. Without transferring control to the private sector, the government can rise money by selling a smaller share, but that is not privatisation as such....   [tags: Business Privatization] 1138 words
(3.3 pages)
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Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice - Reflections on Privatization and Criminal Justice Thank you very much for the welcome, and for giving my talk. When the Fraser Institute called me last year, they rang up and said they were having a conference and we would like to invite you, and I thought I think you have the wrong person. Basically, everybody else there, except myself and one person from Nova Scotia, were in favour of privatization and very strongly in favour of it, especially with respect to prisons. It was actually very educational and interesting to engage in that debate....   [tags: Privatization Criminal Justice Equality Essays] 5672 words
(16.2 pages)
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Privatization in Kosovo - The recent announcement of privatization of national resources and enterprises in Kosovo has sparked a great deal of debate. While the government is preparing to put on the market some of the most important national assets in hopes of creating better economic prospects, questions have arisen about the rationale of this decision. Seen from the perspective of different schools of thought in Kosovo, privatization is considered to be either absolutely necessary, or too dangerous. It is our way either to a modern, developed and prosperous economy, or to increased unemployment, poverty and social plight....   [tags: world economy, economic] 2137 words
(6.1 pages)
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Drinking Water Privatization - I am on the cusp of a new industry, soon to be sweeping across the globe. Armed with little but a wet-dry vacuum, several filters, and empty jelly jars, I have found a way to bottle oxygen. Right now, I sell my oxygen to major companies that need oxygen to produce their products, such as agribusiness corporations to grow plants and Pepsi to make carbonated bubbles. Every time I wheel my machine into the middle of town, people complain between struggled breaths. My local government claims that oxygen is a need, not a right....   [tags: Potable Water Privatization] 1854 words
(5.3 pages)
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The Privatization Initiatives of the 1980s - Privatization is not a new phenomenon and has been affecting governments both positively and negatively for many years. Privatization is the process in which a government will sell a state owned enterprise and assets to be privately owned and operated. “The United Kingdom, under the Thatcher government, ushered in the era of privatization in the early 1980s.” (pg3) “The focus on privatization is rooted in the ideological belief that competitive markets are the most efficient actors capable of distributing resources and producing goods.” The sale of assets in the first decade of privatization generated more than £15 billion of revenue for the government....   [tags: SOE,tax collection,public good]
:: 1 Works Cited
1795 words
(5.1 pages)
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Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution - Although water is all around, very little is drinkable. Six billion people live on earth and 1.1 billion in 31 countries are unable to access safe, clean drinking water. California has only 20 years of water supply left. Ironically, even the wettest place on earth, Cherrapunji, India, has often water shortages. After years of millions of people dying of thirst and disease, a corporate movement to find a solution to the water crisis has now swept the world. Water, a fleeting resource vital to every life, every single day of the year, is now being taken out of the governments control and becoming a commodity bought and sold by big business, a.k.a privatization....   [tags: Global Water Crisis]
:: 7 Works Cited
1213 words
(3.5 pages)
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Privatization of Solid Waste Management - Privatization of Solid Waste Management Among the major environmental policies that have triggered hot debates among stakeholders and the public in general is that of privatizing solid waste management in various cities in the United States. Private companies have been operating the business of waste collection and management for many years not only in the U.S but also in the U.K and other countries. The debate has been whether by privatizing municipal solid waste (MSW) management, cost reduction and improved service quality can be achieved....   [tags: Waste Management ] 1238 words
(3.5 pages)
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Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt - B. A Glimpse at Privatization in Post Revolution Egypt i. Privatization today The Egyptian economy was affected as a result of the mass revolution that was launched in January 2011 ultimately leading to the overthrow of the Mubarak regime. Whilst the Egyptian ‘AL-Fuloul’ (remnants of the regime) are seen to still have a tight grip on the state owned enterprises as was evident before the overthrow of Mubarak, the economy is still struggling to meet the demands of the population suffering from social unrest (Kinninmont, J....   [tags: Egyptian Economy, Mubarak Regime]
:: 23 Works Cited
977 words
(2.8 pages)
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Privatization of Universities: Greece and Italy - Over the past three to four years, students and teachers have expressed their opinion, anger, and frustrations on their governments trying to privatized universities. Privatizing universities does not always have a positive effect on people but it does help the country to cut down their debt crisis like what had happened in Greece. The students and professors in Greece and Italy have demonstrated and protested on opposing the idea of privatization of universities or public education. It was the beginning of a new era in student’s movement in Europe and North America....   [tags: Higher Education, college]
:: 14 Works Cited
2321 words
(6.6 pages)
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The Ethics of Prison Privatization - How true is Christie’s warning that an increasingly privatized penal service threatens the ethics and effectiveness of the criminal justice system. More aspects of the penal system are now privatized, and are set to increase. This includes the privatization of such services as prisons, electronic tags, catering companies, probation work or prison escort services. David Taylor-Smith, head of the world’s biggest security firm, G4S says he expects private companies will be running large parts of the UK’s police service within five years (Taylor and Travis, 2012)....   [tags: legal issues, penal system]
:: 20 Works Cited
2385 words
(6.8 pages)
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Service and Asset Privatization - ... In statistical analyses, he comes to know that the high population in prisons is an originator to the prison privatization, and privatizing prisons are more likely adapted by poorer and smaller states as they have less funds and spending restrictions. He mentions that less liberal citizens are negatively related with privatization of prison in multiple studies and imprisonment rate is positively related with the privatization of prison in one study. After the release of data on privatizing state prisons from the Bureau of Justice Statistics in 1990, he concludes that the high unemployment rate, high crime rate, less liberal citizens and high population were the prime factors which appear...   [tags: government, public, sectors, services] 2404 words
(6.9 pages)
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The Privatization of Prison Healthcare - There are over 2.3 million persons within the” Prison Industrial Complex”. The “Prison Industrial Complex" is used to describe the overlapping interests of government and industry (Herzing, 2005). The interest of industry within the state prisons of Illinois has led to the selling of inmate healthcare rights to many private companies. The privatization of healthcare within the prison industrial complex is unconstitutional and perpetuates unethical treatment of persons who are incarcerated. These private companies are not being held accountable for the lack of treatment and negligence of providing services within state prisons....   [tags: legal issues, criminal justice]
:: 10 Works Cited
1596 words
(4.6 pages)
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Privatization of American Prisons - Introduction: In America today, there is a trend in corrections of taking the duty of running prisons out of the hands of state and federal authorities and contracting it out to private organizations. Along with the drift to privatization is a plethora of research pertaining to the subject taking many different approaches to analyzing the effectiveness. The majority of research focuses on one of three areas. The first questioning whether or not it is cost effective to make the switch. The second being the ethical problems that can and have risen from the privatization of prisons....   [tags: State, Federal Authorities, Private Organizations]
:: 10 Works Cited
1673 words
(4.8 pages)
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Privatization of Social Security - It’s a matter of either losing all that you have worked for and live in poverty when retired or allowing your hard earned dollars to grow and have a secure comfortable retirement. I believe that Social Security is a doomed Government Program and that Privatization of Social Security would allow for a more secure retirement plan for all Americans. Social Security was first created to help aging Americans in their senior years so they would not end up in poverty. Social Security was signed in as law on August 14, 1935 by President Franklin D....   [tags: retirement, poverty, tax revenue, sustainability]
:: 6 Works Cited
1325 words
(3.8 pages)
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Airport Privatization - Airports are key enhancers of commerce and trade; they generate massive transportation and key economic benefits (Vasigh, 2007). Privatization of airports relates to transfer of ownership of airport from public ownership sector to private ownership (Jobs Consultancy, 2007). Privatization process aims at increasing of efficiency, competitiveness and viable financing of airports. Considerations on whether to privatize an airport are made by governments and the decision has a long-term impact that follows (Jobs Consultancy, 2007)....   [tags: Aviation]
:: 3 Works Cited
873 words
(2.5 pages)
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Proposed Alternative to the Privatization of Social Security - Our nation is on the verge of a crisis. The money that is put aside for Social Security and the benefit of our elders is drying up. Because of this, our president has announced in his State of the Union address that Social Security should be privatized. The benefits of this plan, according to Mr. President, would allow the people to take the money out of social security, and place it in their own investments, thus alleviating the pressure from the government. Democrats are deeply troubled by this proposal and claim that this course of action would be disastrous for seniors....   [tags: government, politics] 910 words
(2.6 pages)
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Water Privatization: Private vs. Public - Water has become a very controversial issue in the United States and around the world. As populations increase and resources decrease, the way we use our resources and keep populations safe become more and more important. Throughout the world there are nearly 1.1 billion people who do not have access the clean drinking water. 5 Most of these 1.1 billion people are located in poor areas and do not have the financial means to build the infrastructures needed to provide water to the citizens of their country....   [tags: Private vs. Public Ownership of Water]
:: 7 Works Cited
963 words
(2.8 pages)
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Privatization in Russia - Privatization in Russia As a result of privatization in Russia, tens of thousands of state-owned enterprises - from small retail shops to major industrial enterprises - have been transformed into privately owned companies. Millions of Russian citizens became owners. The privatization is guided by the special government program which operates on different administrative levels: federal, regional and municipal. The authorities on any given level are authorized to privatize only those assets transferred to their ownership....   [tags: essays papers] 554 words
(1.6 pages)
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Privatization In Russia - For some, the privatization of Russian industry has been one of the great success stories of Russia’s painful economic transition: quick, firm and radical action was taken to shift the great bulk of Russian industry out of state hands, thereby laying the basis for a radical restructuring of enterprises and improvements in their performance. Others see privatization as a best a failure, at worst a catastrophe. Not surprisingly those opposed to the market and economic reform as a whole share this view....   [tags: essays research papers] 2252 words
(6.4 pages)
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Brazil and Privatization - Brazil and Privatization The earliest inhabitants of Brazil were the Indians. However, the country’s recorded history begins with the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500. The Portuguese sailor Pedro Alvares Cabral visited the continent we call South America, eight years after Columbus arrived in America. Portuguese settlers followed, calling the new colony Brazil, after the brazilwood tree that they extracted red dye from. The Portuguese did not bring prosperity and progress to the Indians....   [tags: Brazil Economy Culture History Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
4020 words
(11.5 pages)
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Privatization - Privatization Privatizing services is a more attractive option for most local governments and is widely practiced around the state. There are certain government services in which it is impractical to create a free competitive market. For others, it is almost impossible to predict the potential success or failure of privatization. These unclear predictions make privatization a very complicated issue for local governments. The combination of rapidly rising service costs and slowly increasing revenues has led officials in some cities and counties to use non-traditional income services to fund government options....   [tags: Government Businesses Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited
3815 words
(10.9 pages)
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Ethics and Privatization of Public Systems - Ethics problems of privatizing water supply services. Paper submitted for Ethics class, with good reseach on Chinese market. Privatization of public systems has been going on in both developed and developing countries for many years, maybe with more strength on developing countries in the last decade because of their higher reliance on public companies. The inefficiency of many public companies and its burden to the countries bearing them has been probably the reason most commonly used to justify them....   [tags: Country Development Ethics Position Paper] 1732 words
(4.9 pages)
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Privatization - The term Privatization is often loosely used to mean a number of related activities, including any expansion of the scope of private sector activity in an economy and the adoption by the public sector of efficiency enhancing techniques commonly employed by the private sector. While acknowledging that no definition of privatization is water tight, we will define privatization, for the purpose of this paper, as the transfer of productive asset ownership and control from the public to the private sector.1 The transfer of assets can be total, partial or functionary, with the sale being implemented by methods such as private sales, leasing arrangements, employee buy outs and share issues....   [tags: private sector / public sector] 469 words
(1.3 pages)
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Privatization, the Best Option for Social Security Reform - ... Instead, Social Security recipients would have money go into a private account which the account holder would have control over. In 2000 Bush pushed for privatization, this plan would give young workers the choice to create a government-supervised private account which included bonds, stocks, and other financial holdings (Fox News 2008). This started the idea of having ownership over a private account that was personally controlled. Account holders were directly receiving the money they invested in Social Security, and have the option to spend the money as they see fit....   [tags: retiree funds]
:: 4 Works Cited
834 words
(2.4 pages)
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Unique Challenges of Privatization of the Juvinille Justice System - ... The federal government decided to enter into direct operation of correctional facilities because they had the capability to establish standards closely monitor humane treatment of individuals confined for breaking the law. Historically, there has been little controversy over these facilities. However, as states scramble to deal with budget crises since the beginning of the Global Recession in 2007, the demand from legislators and citizens to save money and improve public performance has accelerated....   [tags: rehabilitation, ethics, corrections] 1249 words
(3.6 pages)
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Is Prison Privatization Really a Long Term Fix? - Prison Privatization is a term used for which local, state and federal correction facilities hire companies from the private sector to run prisons and provide prison-related services. Some private companies are contracted only to provide things such as medical care, counseling, food services, and maintenance within publicly owned jails and prisons. Today, more and more private companies are being contracted to not only design and build, but also to operate new jails and prisons on both the state and federal level....   [tags: Prison Reform, criminal justice, informative]
:: 7 Works Cited
1711 words
(4.9 pages)
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privatization - The social impact of privatization has been an appendage rather than being built into the design of public sector reform programs and particular measures from start to finish. The objectives and the process of privatization has to be rethought because democracy requires the fullest participation of all people in American society, not just those deemed to live in the “public sector”. What is happening is not only increasing fear of the poor, but also the privatization of public space, which is given an added push by government cut-backs....   [tags: essays research papers] 756 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Changing of the Guard: A Progressive Study of the Privatization of Prisons - The Changing of the Guard: A Progressive Study of the Privatization of Prisons Abstract Privatization of prisons is not exactly a novel concept. The Federal Government has been contracting out such things as the building of new prisons, the operating of prisons, and providing goods and services to prisons since 2003. Some of the companies that the government trusts to do all of this are Corrections Corporation of America, and The GEO Service Group, formerly known as Wackenhut. Although the government sees this step as a cost cutting measure, this change has not come without its problems also its detractors....   [tags: Criminal Justice]
:: 2 Works Cited
3428 words
(9.8 pages)
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Privatization - Privatization In Taft, California, with a perimeter of razor wire, armed prison guards, supervise hundreds of medium security level federal inmates. Welcome to one of America's newest and fastest growing trends in the area of corrections. This new phenomenon is termed, The Corporation of Modern Corrections. Faced with an increase in prison overcrowding and aging institutions, court orders demanding immediate reform coupled with a straining budget, mandatory minimum sentences, and the public's attitude toward "getting tough on crime", America's justice system is in need of an overhaul....   [tags: Prisons Government Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited
2653 words
(7.6 pages)
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Water Privatization is Re-endorsing the Apartheid State - In 1994, the South African government abandoned its Reconstruction and Development Program that ensured that natural resources, such as water, would be accessible to all citizens irrespective of race or class (Mackinnon, 2005). Forsaking this original mandate, the national government now allowed water bureaucrats the authority to provide water only if there was a full cost recovery of operating and maintenance costs (Mackinnon, 2005). Upon advice from international financial institutions and Western governments, the South African government decreased grants and subsidies to local municipalities forcing them to eventually turn to commercialization and privatization of basic services to make u...   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
:: 9 Works Cited
3073 words
(8.8 pages)
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The Privatization of American Prisons - The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new facilities. In 1977, the California Department of Corrections was responsible for 19,600 inmates....   [tags: Prison Jail Private Essays] 4430 words
(12.7 pages)
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Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania - Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania The story of Tanzania, from pre-colonialist period to present Tanzania, located in East Africa, is one of the least developed countries in the world. According to the UNDP Human Development Index, Tanzania ranked 162 out of 177 countries in the 2004 survey (UNDP:2004, HDI), with one being the most developed. According to the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) prepared by Tanzanian officials for the World Bank, half of Tanzanians 36.6 million people are characterized as “poor” and one-third live in “abject poverty”(WB: PRSP p.1)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 8 Works Cited
1797 words
(5.1 pages)
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Bolivia – Privatization or Nationalization? - Bolivia – Privatization or Nationalization. Bolivia was once a rich and prosperous country but is now one of the poorest nations in the world. The economy of Bolivia used to be rich in agriculture and mining but now searches to find something prosperous again. Privatization of certain companies has started in the country but was expelled when mass protests began. The companies’ prices are too high and the people used their culture and history to get rid of them. The Cochabamba protests of 2000 and the Bolivian gas referendum of 2004 are a couple of examples that show the power the people of Bolivia have over their own government....   [tags: Economics Politics]
:: 6 Works Cited
3363 words
(9.6 pages)
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The Privatization of Social Security - The Privatization of Social Security Many people don’t understand how the Social Security system really works. There are no separate Social Security "accounts" set up for each taxpayer to which he contributes his Social Security "tax" each year. Many people believe these accounts exist, that the money they pay into their accounts grows each year until retirement, and when they retire they get back what they paid in with interest. This is not true. Most people are unaware of the fact that our current Social Security system is a "pay-as-you-go" program, which means that the revenue the federal government raises each tax year for Social Security benefits is paid out that same year to benef...   [tags: Social Security Privacy Retirement Essays] 2005 words
(5.7 pages)
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Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution - Water is vital for humanity as it sustains human life and is a fundamental aspect in most of the products which are consumed by an average living person. This is why water supplies are crucial, because through them this substance is provided sadly these services are being perturbed by various obstacles that at the end are provoking a severe water scarcity around the globe. This has been attempted to be solved by privatising water services, since it is believed that water available for free has generated an overexploitation of this resource....   [tags: Drinking Water Shortage]
:: 4 Works Cited
1057 words
(3 pages)
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Privatization of Social Security - Privatization of Social Security When people lease a car, they pay, knowing that they get something in return. When people pay taxes, they pay, knowing it's the law, and many get some money back. What do people think when they pay social security. Many young people see Social Security as something they are paying but will never get anything in return. What is another way for retirement for the United States. A major topic of retirement talk today often ends up with the new idea of Privatization....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 1392 words
(4 pages)
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Privatization of Social Services - The Benefits of Privatization of Social Services Contracting out is the process through which public organizations contract with private sector organizations to provide services normally provided by public agencies. It is a form of privatization, which is defined as any shift of activity or functions from the state to the private sector, more specifically, the shift of production of goods or services from public to private. (Starr, 5) Privatization reduces the role of government and increases the role of private sector agencies....   [tags: Public Policy Management]
:: 8 Works Cited
2146 words
(6.1 pages)
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Privatization of Social Security - Privatization of Social Security Defenders of Social Security point out that without it, nearly four million more older Americans would have been counted as poor during 1997. But analysts say that living above the official poverty income level in retirement years is not all that difficult even for those with low incomes during their working years. All an elderly person had to earn in 1997 to be above the poverty threshold for persons 65 or older was $7,698. To receive that amount of income, all an elderly person had to have at age 67 is $192,450 in government bonds assuming current interest rates and that the individual's net worth is protected from the erosion of inflation....   [tags: Papers] 591 words
(1.7 pages)
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What is Contract Labour? - ... Sub-contracting and Contract Labour is a part of MNC’s strategy to reach out to the cheap labour in the devloping countries and to deny a poor country’s capital for having exclusive access to his labour. Many jurists argue that the need for employment of Contract Labour is unquestionable and they further insist that employment is contract labourers is necessray for a number of reasons which are mentioned below: • The employment of contract labour would relieve the principal employer of the need for direct supervision and control over the employees....   [tags: liberalization and privatization] 2677 words
(7.6 pages)
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Privatization of American Prisons: a System for Profit - Abstract The subject of this paper will be a compilation of research on the privatization of American prisons. This will include the reasons for, the historical aspects of, and the ethical and legal problems that it can and has caused. The research methods that will be used to develop this research paper will be done through both classical use of books and use of internet-based sources. This topic is important for analysis because the privatization of American prisons is a subject that raises many ethical and legal questions on its legitimacy and effectiveness as a means of correction....   [tags: Politics Prison ]
:: 14 Works Cited
8584 words
(24.5 pages)
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Sheding the Light on the Privatization of Prisons from the Costs Point of View - ... A coalition of taxpayers sent a letter to the 48 governors encouraging them to reject the offer; it is costly and dangerous and weakens the state. In sum, the article show the public discourse of privatization and its alleged cost savings to the taxpayers. The occupied bed mandate in the contract has a direct correlation to the cost of operating a private prison, and making a comparison to a government facility dogmatic (The American Press, 2013). Influences on the Business Decision to Privatize In 2002, in a paper written by Price: Economics, ideology, politics, and profits: What drives prison privatization....   [tags: budget savings, profit]
:: 18 Works Cited
1094 words
(3.1 pages)
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The Impact of Technology on the US Economy: The Development of Nanotechnology - ... This type of mutual interaction allows the free market to increase its technological strength by specializing its research fields, such as the nanotechnology sector, and allowing efficient allocation of resources by producing goods that are in demand. In the article Technology, Progress, and Freedom, Younkins strongly states “Markets and price signals permit superior targeting of research projects and resources, and private firms can earn large rewards by solving important problems” (Younkins, 2)....   [tags: dominant power, privatization, freedom] 1731 words
(4.9 pages)
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The Pros and Cons of Privatizing Government Services in Canada - Municipal control or an alternative delivery method. This is the question that has intrigued all levels of local government and created intense debates between taxpayers across municipalities. The services that municipalities provide are often vital to the existence of a local area. The issues of accountability, cost savings, quality of service and democracy often arise when choosing the best options to deliver services to a municipal area. In recent years the concepts of privatization, alternative service delivery and public-private partnerships are often promoted as ways cut down on overburdened annual city budgets and promote a higher quality of service to citizens....   [tags: Privatization of Public Services]
:: 15 Works Cited
2232 words
(6.4 pages)
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Private Prisons Negativly Impact State and Local Governments - Private prisons have a negative effect on states and local governments. Unfortunately, the number of private prisons has been increasing since their inception in 1983 causing further problems. For-profit prisons offer no real benefits and are bad investments for states. Furthermore, private prisons beleaguer communities with high turnover rates that hurt local economies. The demands of these institutions put an excessive burden on the local community’s infrastructure. Similarly, private prisons strain the county and city legal systems....   [tags: For-profit Prisons, Prison Privatization]
:: 25 Works Cited
3178 words
(9.1 pages)
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The Nature of the Modern American Prison System - ... Preventing prisoners from harming themselves or one another was made a much easier task by allowing those working at the prison to remain vigilant at all times. As has been noted by Allard, Wortley, and Stewart (2006), the use of CCTV cameras has become a common practice in prisons. The combination of CCTV cameras in conjunction with an evolved design of the Panopticon concept has resulted in what are believed to be safer prisons. The use of these cameras was prompted by the belief by many that privacy should not exist in the prison environment....   [tags: prison privatization, history] 1694 words
(4.8 pages)
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The Indian Paradigmatic Policy of the 1990s - The paradigmatic policy shift which took place in the 1990’s, opened the gates of Indian economy to a new era of liberalization, globalization and privatization. The socio economic changes which resulted from the revolutionary shift in perspective brought with it a new age of language teaching/training in India. A shift from General English language training to a more specific, requirement based and contextualized English language training gained momentum, in tandem with the sweeping changes that took place in all spheres of Indian life....   [tags: liberalization, globalization, privatization]
:: 6 Works Cited
1662 words
(4.7 pages)
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The Turkish Economy : Challenges and Difficulties - ... This program had four important pillars: • A restructuring of the state banks • A prompt resolution of the SDIF banks • A strengthening of the private banks • A strengthening of the regulatory and supervisory framework. To strengthen the capital structures of state banks, a total of USD 22bn was provided by the SDIF at the end of 2001. Along with this, USD 28bn in total was transferred to banks under Savings Deposit Insurance Fund control to strengthen their capital structures. The budget of the Savings Deposit Insurance Fund was financed by the Turkish government, by issuing bonds....   [tags: privatization, foreign banks] 1176 words
(3.4 pages)
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The Social Security Program - ... Therefore, inferring from the 2013 Trustees Report this change is possibly the key component of any frame work to changing social security (The Board of Trustees, 2013). Proponents of social security privatization have built their argument around the premise the government grossly mismanages the fund, therefore individuals do not get the maximum return on their investment (Gokhale, 2013). They argue one of the key factors for government to keep social security in its current form is its ability to inflate the value of public savings and deflate the value of public debt (Svihula, 2008)....   [tags: employment, policy makers, privatization]
:: 6 Works Cited
1395 words
(4 pages)
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America Needs Private Prisons - Reminisce back into the elementary school days, where hundreds of kids start to line up for food at the cafeteria. Now picture that cafeteria stuffed with multitudes of bunk beds side by side in which the whole school has to sleep in. Any parent would disapprove of a living situation that is similar to that, but all over the nation, prisoners are facing those exact problems. With the rise of the prison population in America, prisons all over the nation fear what could lead to huge detrimental consequences, one of which is overcrowding....   [tags: Prison Reform, Prison Privatization]
:: 4 Works Cited
1339 words
(3.8 pages)
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Social Security Privatization and Its Impact on Society - Social Security Privatization and its Impact on Society II. Introduction Each day that goes by there is a politician or journalist arguing about social security, the plans for saving it, and the repercussions of said plans. These topics are constantly flowing through newspapers, internet sites, online journals, and economic journals as well as many other forms of media. The major topic of discussion is the plan put forth by the current administration to reform social security, or more specifically, privatize it....   [tags: Management] 2795 words
(8 pages)
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How Privatization is Used Within the Education System - The main purpose of education in the UK could be changing. With the privatisation of the education system it has been suggested that the purpose of education is ever more economic structured instead of being social structured (Kassem and Garratt, 2009). Within this assignment, the author is going to look at what exactly privatisation is, how it is used within the education system and weather marketization can ever work in this complex system. Originally, the market is palace where people come to buy and sell objects often to make a profit....   [tags: academies act, uk education, marketization]
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1289 words
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London Heathrow Airport - 1.1 Background Airports can be considered as important national resources of most countries in the world. The main responsibility of an airport is in transportation of people and goods and in internal and global business. They are where the nation’s aviation system connects with other modes of transportation and where state responsibility for managing and regulating air traffic operations intersects with the role of governments that own and operate most airports. However, most major airports are owned and operated by the private sectors....   [tags: BAA, privatization,aviation]
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1066 words
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Pros and Cons of Privatized Social Security - When we hear about social security we think of that number every adult and college teen should memorize as they venture on the real world. We don’t think any more of it and most people don’t know about the benefits of such a number and having one. Some migrants from other countries dream of being in America and having a social security so that they may reap the benefits of having such a number and becoming a US citizen, while most every day people just assume it’s a number. What social security is would be a program created back in 1935 and it was used to provide old age, disability, and survivors insurance and on top of that, a supplemental security income which is a income for the elderly...   [tags: United States, privatization, retirement, stocks]
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1203 words
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Saving the USPS Through Privitization - ... The plan to privatize would save the USPS from losing billions of dollars annually. Many of the reasons the USPS is having financial problems is because of congress’s authority over it. Although technically the USPS is a federal agency governed by a Board nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate, like the Fed, congress ultimately has authority over the service, unlike the Fed. The USPS is structured like a business, but Congress prevents it from actually acting like one and taking measures to reduce costs, improve efficiency, and innovate....   [tags: mail, financial, deliver] 973 words
(2.8 pages)
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Privitization Of Airports - Privatization of Airports For 51 years Bergstrom Air Force Base was home to fighter pilots, bombers, troop carriers and reconnaissance jets. It was the first port of call for President Lyndon B. Johnson on his trips home to LBJ Country aboard Air Force One, it was where Chuck Yeager, the first pilot to break the sound barrier, once brought a disabled jet to rest in an emergency landing. In September 1993, in the path of military cutbacks Bergstrom Air Force Base was closed. But the timing was fortuitous, because the closure came as the city of Austin, Texas was considering where to build a new airport....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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2868 words
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Privatization: Metropolitan Boston Transit Authority (MBTA) and the California State Compensation Insurance Fund - Privatization: Metropolitan Boston Transit Authority (MBTA) and the California State Compensation Insurance Fund According to Robert B. Denhardt, Public Administration an Action Orientation, privatization "is the use of non governmental agencies to provide goods or services previously provided by government." (P.95). Privatization comes in various degrees, from the outright selling or transfer of government ownership of assets (for example public utilities), to, as is more common in the United States - the contracting of goods or services to private firms....   [tags: Government Property Essays]
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3216 words
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Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation - Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation The word Privatisation has been used in a variety of contexts, ranging from returning state owned companies to the private sector, contracting out services to the private sector and liberalisation and deregulation. Although the most common definition of Privatisation is the idea that involves transferring the production of goods and services from the public sector to the private sector. Privatisation generally involves two main objectives....   [tags: Papers] 936 words
(2.7 pages)
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Privitization - Privitization Every working American citizen contributes to Social Security. Anyone who has ever held a job has felt the frustration of seeing how much money the government takes out of their paycheck. Being told that we will all be able to collect social security when we can no longer work does not ease the frustration of having 6.2% of our hard earned money taken from us each payday. If individuals could have control of their retirement funds, this frustration could be eased. Being able to control our own retirement funds is an option that is being supported more and more by American workers....   [tags: essays papers] 1235 words
(3.5 pages)
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Chile Water Privatization - Justification for intervention for economic regulatory efforts arises out of alleged inability of the marketplace to deal with particular structural problems. Of course, details of any program often reflect political force, not reasoned argument. Yet thoughtful justification is still needed when programs are evaluated.[1] The case of water reform in Chile is an interesting one. First of all, it allows us to think about a situation where regulatory reforms face political decision-making through the outcome of proposed legislation....   [tags: Water Reform Chile] 1518 words
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Proposed Solutions for Problems with the Federal Government's Management of Their Land - ... All of these approaches would disperse control over the lands to improve environmental stewardship and economic competence. The primary concern for privatizing lands is that they will be “exploited and ravaged” for short-term profit therefore causing environmental destruction (Moeller, 2002). Places like Wyoming and Montana, have large coal deposits. The federal government in 1976 Congress passed an Act requiring BLM to maximize economic recovery of federal coal sources in Powder River Basin, for US use (could last nearly a century), but in recent years the government is considering exporting to Asia (decreasing the coal supply to as little as 25 years)....   [tags: privitization, conservation, state] 994 words
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Free Market and Privitization in the UK - Regardless of political or economic opinion, there’s little argument that the era of privatizing nationalised enterprises in the UK, particularly from the late 1970s through the 1990s, has been one of the most contentious issues in modern economic history. Praised by leaders as a revolutionary approach to allow the free market to prosper while keeping government spending and influence under control, denationalization and privatisation was also highly criticized by workers and ordinary citizens to what they saw as a betrayal by their government....   [tags: economic opinion, great depression]
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1824 words
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The Era of Privatisation - The Era of Privatisation Introduction It was under the Thatcher government that the era of privatisation started and it was “the most radical change in the 20th century British politics” (Young, 2001, p. 1). From 1984 to 1991, the telecommunications, gas, water and electricity industries which were under government control, were sold to become privately owned and controlled. The privatisation of the electricity industry occurred in 1990 but had already begun in 1987 with the creation of a programme describing the different tasks involved in privatising the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity....   [tags: Business Management Studies]
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2816 words
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The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions - The Privatisation Programme as Challenge to Trade Unions A major change and challenge for trade unions in the past 20 years has been the privatisation programme. This has affected public sector workers in particular. Under privatisation, some nationalised industries and some aspects of what had been local government services were sold off or contracted out as separate entities. As a result, many employees found themselves working for a new and very different employer and the prospect of a new contract of employment and revised conditions of service....   [tags: Papers] 526 words
(1.5 pages)
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¿Es la privatización buena para un país? - ... • Si no se establecen reglas claras al momento de hacer los contratos de privatización los empresarios se aprovechan y lo único que hace es enriquecer a unos pocos grupos de poder. • En un clima de corrupción gubernamental y de malversación de fondos Públicos, no es fácil convencer al pueblo de que el dinero producto de la Venta de activos reproducibles será utilizada óptimamente. ¿Qué ocurrirá con las variables demanda, oferta, precios, costos, cantidades demandadas, cantidades ofrecidas, niveles de competencia u otras que sea conveniente analizar....   [tags: corrupción, honduras, economia] 759 words
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Political and Economic Changes in Russia Since the Fall of the Soviet Union - ... The Duma has 450 members, half of which are elected though single member districts and the other half through closed list, proportional representation. They are the more powerful of the two houses and can issue a vote of no confidence, but the President can ignore it. The Federation Council has 166 members, which comes from two representatives of eighty-three local entities. They mainly deal with the subnational jurisdictions and they can veto legislation, but the Duma can override this with a two-thirds vote....   [tags: communist, privitization, government] 1344 words
(3.8 pages)
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Increased Efficiency of Privatised Enterprises in Developing Nations - 1. INTRODUCTION The issue of State owned enterprises, or Public enterprises, versus Privatised enterprises have been topic of controversy in the economic development in developing in past decades. According to Van de Walle (1989, p. 601), privatization can be defined as “a transfer of ownership and control from the public to the private sector, with particular reference to asset sales”1. In the analysis of whether there has been an increase in efficiency of privatization of State owned enterprises in developing nations a distinction must be made between the effects of privatization and liberalization; however the economic reform often goes hand-in-hand with each other....   [tags: State Owned Enterprises, Public Enterprises]
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1677 words
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE - C. Advantages and disadvantages of acquiring SOEs When a manager is assessing profitability of acquiring a state owned enterprise, it is crucial to identify the advantages and disadvantages. By doing this, the company will be able to make effective and strategic decisions, especially when entering a company in the volatile MENA region. Several driving factors may serve as incentives for managers, which include the fact that acquisition could be seen as a strategic move that provides local brands, increases distribution channels, therefore leading to higher levels of efficiency....   [tags: Manager, Assessment, Profitability]
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1010 words
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Solid Waste Management in Detroit - ... Detroit is not the only city that is facing financial strain, many other local government budgets are facing the same issue and challenges of shrinking revenues and the rising expenses lead to major shortfalls. The most logical responses are to reduce the cost of municipal services. To achieve this, many cities are gearing towards the private sector to lower and increase efficiency. The reason for privatizing is that the local government will achieve cost savings, have better protection from risk, have a better safety record, see faster adoption of technologies and have less debt....   [tags: private, public, residents, curbside, services]
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566 words
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Development through Public-Private Partnership - Sclar (2000) provides a simple definition of privatization as the process of providing public services and goods that will be managed by private entities. While this definition leans more on the transfer of ownership and changes in the mechanism of distribution, this also pushes for issues regarding efficiency and quality. Arguments on which entity should control the public resources also come with the question of who handles it more effectively. As this issue involves the public sector and how the government will run the nation’s resources, the common notion in the process of privatization as the way of earning revenues of private companies create concerns to the public of the real interest...   [tags: infrastructure,construction industry]
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2020 words
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It's Time to Privatize Colombian’s Prisons - The involvement of the private sector in the penal system, prima facie, could be seen as a rapid and low cost, high benefit solution to the most serious penal system problems such as lack of prisons spaces, poor condition within the prisons, and the state responsibilities of running prisons services adequately, by the figure of prison privatization. (Cavadino, M. and Dignan, J. 2007) The figure of contracting out has been well described by Cavadino and Dignan in their analysis of the prison privatization....   [tags: Private Prisons]
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2574 words
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GDF Suez: Taking Over the Water We Need to Live - GDF Suez: Taking Over the Water We Need to Live “Only 2.5% of all Earth's water is freshwater, [and of] that 2.5%… almost all of it is locked up in ice and in the ground. Only a bit more than 1.2% of all freshwater is surface water, which serves most of life's needs,” as stated by the U.S. Geological Survey’s Water Science School (par. 5). Freshwater is precious, and it is expected to become the world’s largest trade commodity, replacing oil, in the next several decades. Gaz de France Suez (GDF Suez) is a global energy company based in France, and is the second largest provider of the world’s public-private partnership or privatization of water....   [tags: private freshwater providers]
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2064 words
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Should the Australian Government Privatise Medibank? - The Medibank Australia was founded by the Australian government in 1976, as the Medibank is a largest private health insurer in Australia. The government believes now it’s time for them to move forward and privatise the Medibank at the end of this financial year or next financial year. The reasons why the government is privatising Medibank, is to retain the service and excellence of stages of Medibank clients, ensure the sale development treats medibank workers in a decent manner, as well as to reduce any problems sole over the post years, such as liabilities of the government....   [tags: class inequalities, healthcare, services]
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886 words
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Quality of Health Care and Services for the Mentally Ill in Prisons - ... However, because there is such as small amount of women in prisons, the health care needs and services can be too high and the quality of those services can be poor (Teplin, Abram & McClelland, 1997). Courts have ordered prisons to offer the same about health care and services to women prisons as they do for men prisons; however, they are still very poor quality. A study was done to look at the health care and services from women prisoners with mentally ill disorders. In the study women who did have a mental illness or disorder found 47.5% were schizophrenic or manic episodes....   [tags: no treatment, no supplies] 611 words
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The Global Economy - I. Introduction The global economy is comprised of a multifaceted patchwork of key actors, which contribute to the development, sustainability, and strategic direction of a country. With this said, it is crucial to assess the key players of an economy with regards to the composition of public and private enterprises. The effectiveness and significance of these public and private enterprises need to be analyzed in order to measure the scope of positive or negative impact it has on the national economy when taking into account the nation’s economic indicators....   [tags: Development, Sustainability, Strategy]
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960 words
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Throwing Away your Money - Section One Residents may be throwing away more than trash when the city run garbage trucks collect their rubbish. Government run solid waste collection costs approximately twenty-five percent more than when a private contract company is utilized. (Teel 1993) The concept of privatizations of solid waste collection services is nothing new. This change from using government employees and government owned trucks and landfills to contracting with a private company for solid waste collection is a trend that is getting more attention lately....   [tags: Environment, Trash Collection] 1990 words
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The Transition Of Public Management in America - The Transition Of Public Management: 2000s A puzzling question is what can be expected from public management and public managers in the new millennium. What are the important issues such as regulatory reform, public sector budgeting, human resources management, strategic policymaking, ethics, and corruption, now and in the future. Will the alternative to government delivery of service be privatization. The concepts of Rational Administration, Accountability, Planning, Control, Budgeting and Financial management are major factors in the future of this nation and the world....   [tags: Public Management Essays]
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3146 words
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The Pros and Cons of Outsourcing - Introduction This paper is a general overview of outsourcing. It explores when to outsource and what advantages and disadvantages a public manager may face when deciding whether to outsource. I have chosen references to support this text that are both academic and colloquial. Indeed it was a discovery to learn that "Outsourcing" had become a well-developed academic area of study. My prior study of the subject revolved around personal conversations and non-academic magazine articles. It may be interesting to note that an internet search using key words, "privatization + government" in both Yahoo and Dogpile failed to bring up a specific government agency devoted to outsourcing or privatizati...   [tags: Pro Con Essays]
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