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Your search returned 132 essays for "Paleontology":
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Free College Admissions Essays: Computer Science - Computer Science The computing industry as a whole becomes more prosperous, exciting and attractive as an employment prospect each day. It spans a wide range of modern applications, as does my interest in the subject. I see computing science as a gateway into new realms of computing, where the highly challenging and demanding work may reap rewards of an equivalent level. My knowledge has grown over the past six years, outwith the areas of learning offered by school courses, and I see this course as an opportunity to gain new skills and broaden my knowledge further....   [tags: College Admissions Essays] 358 words
(1 pages)
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Bipedal Locomotion in Early Hominids - Bipedal Locomotion in Early Hominids Until recently, the oldest fossil species to provide evidence for bipedalism was Australopithecus afarensis, of which the best example of is the 3.2 million year old skeleton called Lucy found in Hadar, Ethiopia. According to article 19: Sunset at the Savanna, in 1995 Meave Leakey of the national Museums of Kenya and her colleagues made public the discovery of and older hominid species Australopithecus anamensis (getting its name from the Turkana word for lake "anam" having been found near lake Turkana and the site of another ancient lake)....   [tags: Papers] 486 words
(1.4 pages)
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Careers After Studying Biology - Careers After Studying Biology Epidemiologist Epidemiologists solve disease mysteries. They are scientists who figure out what causes a certain disease and why some people get the disease and why some people don't. Then they can tell people how to help prevent the disease. Epidemiologists study many different diseases, such as cancer and heart disease. They often study epidemics, which are unusual outbreaks of diseases. Forensic biology Forensic biology involves the detection, identification and comparison of biological materials relating to many legal aspects....   [tags: Papers] 516 words
(1.5 pages)
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Darwin's Theory of Evolution - "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life," usually shortened to "the Origin of Species," is the full title of Charles Darwin's book, first published in 1859, in which Darwin formalized what we know today as the Theory of Evolution. Although Darwin is the most famous exponent of this theory, he was by no means the first person to suspect the workings of evolution. In fact, Charles owed a considerable debt to his grandfather Erasmus, a leading scientist and intellectual, who published a paper in 1794, calledZoonomia, or, The Laws of Organic Life....   [tags: Natural Selection, Evolution Essays] 516 words
(1.5 pages)
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Forest Biomes: Complex Ecologic Systems in the World - There are various ways to classify biome, one of the common ways is grouping biomes into five major types: forest, grasslands, desert, aquatic, and tundra. Identifying a location in the world that is hard to live well and explain needs comparisons from multiple facets, for instance, geographic location, climate, and the food source. Forest biomes are the most complex ecologic systems in the world, and they cover 1/3 of the land on earth. There are three major types of forest biomes: tropical forests, temperate forests, and boreal forests....   [tags: savannas, grassland biomes] 585 words
(1.7 pages)
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Fact vs. Fiction in the Movie (Film), Jurassic Park - Fact vs. Fiction in the Movie (Film), Jurassic Park In Steven Spielberg's Jurassic Park, dinosaurs come to life on the big screen for audiences' worldwide.  Millions have watched this film, but what number of them have halted to wonder at the truth behind the story?  How many have stopped to think whether the dinosaurs are portrayed correctly within a scientific aspect?  Unbeknownst to many, there are a number of mistakes in Spielberg's film regarding the dinosaurs, from how they were recreated to their common names....   [tags: Movie Film Essays]
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The Permo-Triassic Mass-extinction and the Earth´s Triassic Period - The Permo-Triassic mass-extinction was a key event in the history of the earth. (Paleobiology and Biodiversity Research Group). This has also been informally known as the Great Dying. The Permian-Triassic extinction occurred 251.4 million years ago, forming the boundary between the Permian and Triassic geologic periods. This event was also the last periods of the Paleozoic Era. After so many years scientist still have not found the true cause behind such a horrible event. Some scientist have suggested many possible causes for the extinction such as: severe volcanism, a nearby supernova, environmental changes caused by the formation of a super continent, the devastating impact of a large ast...   [tags: Animals, Plants, Life] 614 words
(1.8 pages)
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Issues of Tempo and Mode in Evolution - There are many ways to explain how Earth and everything else came to be. Such as, Uniformitarianism, Catastrophism, Gradualism, and Punctuated Equilibrium. Generally, Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism are grouped together while Punctuated Equilibrium and Gradualism are grouped together separately from Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism. Gradualism and Punctuated Equilibrium are usually looked at through a biblical stand point rather than how Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism are looked at from the opposite view....   [tags: Evolution]
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Understanding Early Man : Scientific Discovery vs. Emotionally Driven Hypothesis - Understanding Early Man : Scientific Discovery vs. Emotionally Driven Hypothesis The ways in which we attempt to determine the history of early man say much more about who we are today, and who we will be tomorrow, and who we want to be today, and who we want to be tomorrow, than they do about who we were in the past. This statement comes from a person who knows little about science, and less about the specific scientific techniques used in archeological excavation and analysis. But it seems to me that much of the observations that are made in the study of early man are predicated as much on new theory as they are on old observation, and much of the old observation seems to be based on how...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers] 670 words
(1.9 pages)
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Recreating Prehistoric Life: Jurassic Park - Recreating prehistoric life is at the fore-front of interest in the scientific community. Large strides have been made in uncovering the genome sequences of Neanderthal. Within a few years, scientists hope to unravel our relatives’ entire genetic code. With Neanderthal cloning staring us in the face, a more seductive idea has emerged with immense support from the media. The idea of cloning dinosaurs and other prehistoric life became popularized by the 1992 film Jurassic Park (based on Michael Crichton’s 1990 novel)....   [tags: Film Analysis]
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A New Genus of Hominins Found in Kenya - A New Genus of Hominins Found in Kenya Whenever finding new fossils, most people get excited in learning more about the mysterious history of life on earth. No one fossil finding may be more important than another, but when discovering a fossil that adds a new genus name to a species, it gets exciting. This is especially true when the fossil gives more insight to the evolution of humans. In Kenya, a new genus of hominins was found. The new genus was assigned because this hominin had a combination of derived facial and primitive neurocranial features....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers] 708 words
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Neanderthal Extinction - Neanderthal Extinction   Neanderthals and modern humans coexisted for well over 100,000 years.  Then suddenly Homo neandertalensis began to die out and surrender the earth to Homo sapiens.  Paleontologists and anthropologists have entertained several possibilities to the causes of this event: interbreeding among Neanderthals and humans, competition for natural resources, and Darwin’s theory of “survival of the fittest.”  What the real cause has been has plagued scientists for years. Now, due to an international research team from Germany, those possibilities have been even further deduced, making it easier to pinpoint the exact reason Homo neandertalensis became extinct....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Dinosaur Fossil Discoveries in Antarctica - Dinosaur Fossil Discoveries in Antarctica The chance of two different research groups finding two different fossils that are in fact two different kinds of species within the course of a week is close to impossible. However, this rare and lucky occurrence in the paleontology world has occured. Two research teams have retrieved fossils of two different dinosaurs in Antarctica that might possibly be unknown species. Judd Case and James Martin discovered bones, specifically those of the lower legs and feet, as well as the animal’s upper jaw and teeth....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Sex, Drugs, Disasters, and the Extinction of Dinosaurs by Stephen Jay Gould - “Sex, Drugs, Disasters, and the Extinction of Dinosaurs” is written by Stephen Jay Gould, professor of geology and zoology at Harvard. This essay is one of more than a hundred articles on evolution, zoology, and paleontology published by Gould in national magazines and journals. It tells about scientific proposals for the extinction of dinosaurs – a confusing but an exciting problem that humanity tries to solve. By analyzing and describing each of the claims for the reptiles’ demise – sex, drugs, and disasters – Gould differentiates bad science from good science and explains what makes some theories silly speculations, while the other, a testable hypothesis....   [tags: essays research papers] 771 words
(2.2 pages)
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The Coming of the Human Being - The Coming of the Human Being This selection explains the coming of the human being. The first upright, large brained specie was found in Africa two million years ago. Over the next million years the creature was spread throughout the East. All the creatures followed along an evolutionary chain, and then what we call “humans” today were fully developed from an anatomical point of view. History is a combination of past human activities from all places. Political, social, and economical developments all shape their lives....   [tags: Papers] 783 words
(2.2 pages)
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Cannibalism as a Sexual Disorder - Cannibalism as a Sexual Disorder Cannibalism occurs prevalently in both Tarzan and Heart of Darkness, and is a controversial topic with which the public is largely unfamiliar. Although cannibalism is generally thought of in a primitive animal sense, experts have revealed that cannibalism can be identified as a sexual disorder (O’Connor). A cannibal is scientifically classified as an anthropophagus (“Anthropophagus”), which falls under the category of Anthropophagy. Anthropophagy by definition is the sexual gratification by consumption of human flesh or blood....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Charles Darwing and The Theory of Evolution - ... In October 1825 Darwin went to Edinburgh University where his grandfather studied to study medicine with a view to becoming a physician. He soon realized that he does not like the study of medicine and could not bear the sight of blood or suffering. So here changed schools and went to Cambridge to become a clergyman. Then he soon noticed he would like to be a naturalist. His theory of evolution by natural selection is what he is best known for today and is now the unifying theory of life sciences explained where all of the mindbogglingly heterogeneous kinds of living things came from and how they became exquisitely adapted to their particular environments....   [tags: biology, galapagos, natural selection]
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Demise of the Permian- Triassic Period - Demise of the Permian- Triassic Period It is well known that there was a mass extinction killing the dinosaurs. However 185 million years before their demise, almost all life on earth was destroyed.1[1] There has long been theories that meteorites are the cause the of the mass extinctions and professor Asish Basu believes he may have found clues that point to space as the cause of the extinction in the Permian- Triassic period.2[2] The Triassic period is during a time when the earth was divided in a giant land mass: pangea, and water....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Theropod Discovery Challenges the Dinosaur-to-Bird Theory - Theropod Discovery Challenges the Dinosaur-to-Bird Theory For years, it has been believed that Dinosaurs are ancestors of modern day birds. By simply looking at pictures of dinosaurs, one can find many physical similarities between these reptiles and modern day birds. Often the legs and the chest cavities are very similar in shape. Some dinosaurs have limbs that look like they could evolve into modern day wings, some dinosaurs even had feathers (6). A recent discovery in Italy of an extremely well preserved Scipionyx samniticus challenges this idea....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Link Between Dinosaurs and Birds - The Link Between Dinosaurs and Birds There have been many recent discoveries pertaining to the finding of dinosaurs. However, there has never been a link between dinosaurs and birds at least not like this before. There has been a discovery in China of a remarkable dinosaur with birdlike feathers on its hind legs and tail including others places. A man by the name of Henry Gee has been researching this topic since 1996 and has come up with new discoveries. This four-winged dinosaur has fueled debate over evolution of airborne birds....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Life and Works - Life and Works Who is Leonardo Da Vinci. Leonardo had a keen eye and quick mind that led him to make important scientific discoveries, yet he never published his ideas. He was a gentle vegetarian who loved animals and despised war, yet he worked as a military engineer to invent advanced and deadly weapons. He was one of the greatest painters of the Italian Renaissance, yet he left only a handful of completed paintings. It may seem unusual to include Leonardo da Vinci in a list of paleontologists and evolutionary biologists....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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The Band Bad Religion - Greg Graffin The band Bad religion was formed in the early eighties and has now been around over 15 years and has released over eight albums, the lead singer has continued his schooling and now has one bachelors degree ,a masters and is working on his Ph.D. Greg Graffin was born in 1965 in Wisconsin. His mother and father were divorced after his birth. In 1976 his mother his brother and him moved to San Fernando valley California, which is now the punk rock capital of the world. "Like millions of other victims of divorce in the seventies I had to deal with the fact that my father was now living far away(In Racine, Wisconsin) and that I would not get to see him very much." W...   [tags: essays research papers] 865 words
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A Comparison of Historically Significant Fossil-Lagerstätten - A Comparison of Historically Significant Fossil-Lagerstätten Lagerstätten are fossil-bearing assemblages that, in most cases, contain exceptionally preserved specimens. These assemblages are useful in recreating paleoenvironments and are considered to be windows to the past. Two types of Lagerstätten are recognized: concentration and conservation. Concentration Lagerstätten are useful in determining the composition and reconstruction of food webs. These sites are determined to be true concentration Lagerstätten if they demonstrate a mechanism of concentration rather than merely presence of diversity (Nudds & Selden 2008)....   [tags: specimens, scottland]
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The Pros and Cons of Global Warming - Global Warming: The Negatives Out-weigh the Positives An article written by ABC News writer Kenneth Chang discusses the change in climate of the arctic from ninety million years ago. Seven hundred miles from the North Pole, lies an island called Axel Heiberg, a barren land that scientists have dug up fossil bones of a cold-blooded reptile known as a champsosaur. How does this happen in an arctic, freezing land. How does a reptile that needs the warmth of the sun to survive, live in a frigid climate....   [tags: Pro Con Essays] 907 words
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The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod - The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod In the scientific article “A giant sauropod dinosaur from an upper Cretaceous mangrove deposit in Egypt,” by Joshua Smith, Matthew Lamanna, Kenneth Lacovara, and Peter Dodson it is indicated that a giant sauropod named Paralititan Stomeri was discovered in a desert area in western Egypt in 2001. The skeleton was dated back to ninety to one hundred million years ago, which is the late Cretaceous period. Paralititan is a sauropod, which is thought to be the second largest that has ever lived....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Stephen Gould: The Savior of the Scientific Essay - Stephen Jay Gould was born on September 10, 1941, in New York City. As a young boy at the age of five, Stephen went to the Museum of Natural History in New York City where he saw the Tyrannosaurus Rex along with other large dinosaur skeletons. He decided that he wanted to study the fossils and evolution; he began to read up on as much information as he possibly could. As Stephen grew older, he discovered that there was a specific field of study that would fit in with his interests. This field of study is called paleontology....   [tags: notorious palenteologists]
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Dinosaurs - Just as most dinosaurs are believed to be wild and mean, most are. Unlike the wild and ferocious Tyrannosaurus Rex, the Velociraptor, is a smaller, agile dinosaur. The Brontosaurus can be found with the bigger, more gentle dinosaurs. The Tyrannosaurus Rex, Velociraptor, and Brontosaurus differ greatly in their body structure, diet, and discovery. The Tyrannosaurus Rex was a very large dinosaur. Measuring 50 feet long, the Tyrannosaurus stood over 20 feet tall. The head of the Tyrannosaurus was five feet long and filled with large teeth that were seven inches long each (Benton 125)....   [tags: essays research papers] 958 words
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The Mysteries of the Egyptian Pyramids at Giza - Have you ever wondered how the Egyptian pyramids were built or even when they began. How they are so fascinating and yet remain a mystery. These well-built structures are located in Giza, Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile River. The pyramids are the oldest and last surviving member of ancient admiration. These monuments from ancient Egyptian times are massive, and were made for kings to be buried in and remembered by. These pyramids are a pride and one of the most important factors of the Egyptian culture. Therefore, researchers find it hard to believe that these great structures could have been built in a pharaoh’s lifetime....   [tags: Egyptian history, megastructures]
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The Natural History of Whale Sharks - What is the largest fish in the world. The answer would be the Rhincodon typus, or commonly known as, the whale shark. The whale shark is vey unique because unlike normal sharks, the whale shark is a filter feeder and so, does not have use of its teeth. The whale shark is also about the size of a bus. However, like many animals in the world today, they are considered vulnerable according to the IUCN. They are seen often in the tropical areas, but many behavior and movement mechanism of the whale shark are still unknown....   [tags: Rhincodon typus, sharks, zebra sharks]
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Jurassic Park - Jurassic Park by Michael Crichton is a riveting piece of science fiction. Most of the story takes place on an island off the Pacific side of Costa Rica. A deciduous rain forest inhabits most of the island. An eccentric old man named John Hammond leases the whole island to create a frightening dinosaur amusement park, using real dinosaurs. Within this jungle setting, Michael Crichton’s engrossing, believable characters bring the story to life with quick action, intense dialogue and scientific questions....   [tags: essays research papers] 973 words
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Lucy, discovered by Donald C. Johanson and Tom Gray, is Our Oldest and Most Complete Human Ancestor - ... At first, Johanson thought the knee belong to a monkey or baboon, but it didn’t seem like it belonged to such an animal. He sent the bones to Owen Lovejoy, an anatomist and part-time forensic expert. Lovejoy examined the bone fragments and concluded that they appeared human. The joint could “lock”, suggesting the animal could walk upright. This was an important discovery showing an ancient bipedal creature. If the bones’ age was consistent with Johanson’s hypothesized “missing link”, it would serve as supporting evidence to Johanson’s theory....   [tags: evolution, bones, scientists] 975 words
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Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid - Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid In July of 2001, a group of archeologists discovered the skull and jaw bone of the oldest member of the human family. The skull is a new discovery and was found in the Djurab Desert of Northern Chad by a group of archeologists lead by Michel Brunet, and is thought to be six to seven million years old (Walton). The age of the skull and jaw bone were approximated through the association of the fauna that were found with the fossils (Brunet)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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In The Beginning - In the Beginning The theory of evolution, formalized by Charles Darwin, is as much theory as is the theory of gravity, or the theory of relativity. Evolutionary theory is a scientific theory dealing with scientific data, not a system of metaphysical beliefs or a religion (Wilkins). Biological theories, and especially evolution, unlike the theories of physics, have been argued long and hard in social and political arenas. Even today, evolution is often not taught in primary schools. However, evolution is the binding force of all biological research....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Natural History of Ursus Arctos - Physical Description: Ursus Arctos (or Brown Bear) is among the largest and most powerful of all land carnivores. They range from 91-153cm (3-5 feet) tall on all fours and range from 183-274cm (6-9 feet) while standing upright. The average weight of the Brown Bear depends on gender and its access to a consistent food source. An interior male Brown Bear averages around 247 kg (550lbs), while the female averages around 157 kg (350lbs). However, Brown Bears that live along the coast and have access to a more protein enriched diet can weigh up to 680kgs (1500lbs)....   [tags: Animals]
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Implications of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Toumai) Discovery - Implications of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Toumai) Discovery Compared to the complete history of life on earth, human history is relatively brief. The earth is billions of years old and living organisms probably appeared some two to four billion years ago. Many different kinds of animals have been inhabiting the earth for hundreds of millions of years. Early hominids which are human like creatures are thought to have originated just 5 million years ago and modern humans around 100,000 years ago....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Significance of Dinosaur Art - The Significance of Dinosaur Art Dinosaurs are creatures that seem to fascinate humans, since all we have left are their fossils. Although, through art, their bodies can be put back together and we have a better sense of what they looked like. The problem with art is that pictures can sometimes be disproportionate, unrealistic, or even made up. Young children who learn about dinosaurs may think that they are actually different colors and can talk for example. This is why it is important to make dinosaur art as realistic as possible and more informative....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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The Relation Between Birds and Dinosaurs - The Relation Between Birds and Dinosaurs One question that has stumped many paleontologists for centuries is, “Are birds dinosaurs?” Paleontologists have argued back and forth trying to prove or disprove each side of the theory. So far, advocates have supported their side through the facts of similar bone structures, bone organization, and the idea that dinosaurs had feathers. A common reaction that some people might have about the question is that there is no connection between the two species....   [tags: Paleontology Bones Essays Papers]
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Thomas Henry Huxley - Thomas Henry Huxley Thomas Henry Huxley was born May 4, 1825 in Ealing England. Although he was the son of a schoolmaster, Huxley never had a real education as a child. He did however read plenty of books and started studying medicine at a young age. He later entered Charing Cross Hospital medical school, taking his degree in 1845 (Huxley 1992). Huxley was made assistant surgeon aboard the H.M.S. Rattlesnake after passing the Royale College of Surgeons exam in 1846 (Huxley 1992). He spent four years on this scientific exploration of the southern seas around Australia, during which he did extensive studies of local marine life, which were published with great acclaim, these as well as his...   [tags: Biography] 1034 words
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Lead Systems Eng - 20th Century Genius I selected Carl Jung at the beginning of this course because I had done some general research on a few of the people that were on the list, which was supplied in our course module. When I came to Carl Jung I found that he was born in Switzerland just north of Geneva. At the time I was living in Geneva, and I felt it would be interesting to do research on someone who was from Switzerland. What I leaned about Carl Jung was fascinating, although there is so much more to lean about this individual and also his area of genius....   [tags: essays research papers]
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Who is Charles Lyell? - Charles Lyell Charles Lyell was a British lawyer and one the smartest geologist known in his time. He was known as the author of the Principles of Geology, which helped popularize the theories and concepts of uniformitarianism. The Principles of Geology was the first book written by Lyell and explained the changes of the earth’s surface. He used the research and information in the book as his proof to determine that the earth was over 6,000 years old. The central argument in his book was “the present is the key to the past”, this meant that to find out what happened in the past you had to look at what was happening now....   [tags: British Lawyer, Geologist, Biography]
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Early 20th Century Eugenics as part of Modernism - As the sun was setting on the 19th century, a new theory, called eugenics was just beginning to rise. Eugenics is the idea that human mental, moral, temperamental and physiological traits are passed down through generations, and that society should attempt to foster the reproduction of those with favorable traits and discourage or eliminate those with less than favorable traits. In the early parts of the 20th century, eugenics was put into practice across the rich world. This increase, not only in popularity but in application is best viewed when part of the greater context of modernity....   [tags: Eugenics]
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Gould and Lewontin's Essay 'The Spandrels of San Marco' - ... This negative meaning makes readers see that the problems with adaptation is its idea of perfection, each trait of adaptation is used to explain every action an organism carries out. Gould and Lewontin are able to both attack and defend their views when they say that "each trait plays its part and must be as it is." (Gould and Lewontin, 344). They do this by making fun of the idea that each trait is made specifically for its part. Gould and Lewontin acknowledge that they may be "caricaturing their view of adaptation" (Gould and Lewontin, 344) but feel that it is something the scholars have done for themselves....   [tags: scientific rhetoric, evolutionary theory] 1049 words
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Evolutionism Vs Creationism - Questions on the origin of life and of the universe must have challenged human curiosity and imagination as soon as early man had time for activities other than survival. In 1859, Charles Darwin published the Origin of Species, and since then, people have debated between the creationism and evolutionism theories. The theory of evolution has been supported only through various religious writings, particularly the Bible. Creationists believe in a divine creator, God. Creationism has a broad range of beliefs involving a reliance on God’s miraculous work to explain the origin of the universe, of life, and of the different kinds of plants and animals on Earth....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
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The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles - The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles In the early 1800’s, a new discovery that left paleontologists in awe was the fossil finding of the immeasurable amount of species of reptiles, Ichthyosaurs. Greek for “fish lizards”, these fossils were found all over the world. Because these large aquatic reptiles migrated just as whales do today, paleontologists have had the amazing advantage of collecting fascinating bone fragments throughout the past 177 years. Ichthyosaurs swam the ocean life from about 245 million until about 90 million years ago- approximately the same time dinosaurs ruled the land....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Sonya Kovalevsky - Sonya Kovalevsky was born on January 15, 1850 in Moscow, Russia. She grew up in a very intellectual family. Her father was a military officer and a landholder; her mother was the granddaughter of a famous Russian astronomer and an accomplished musician. She grew up living a lavish life, and was first educated by her uncle, who read her fairy tales, taught her chess, and talked about mathematics. She even bumped into the subject of trigonometry while studying elementary physics. She achieved all of this by the age of thirteen....   [tags: essays research papers] 1076 words
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Carl Gustav Jung - Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of the school of analytical psychology. He proposed and developed the concepts of the extroverted and introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. The issues that he dealt with arose from his personal experiences. For many years Jung felt as if he had two separate personalities. One introverted while the other was extroverted. This interplay results in his study of integration and wholeness. His work has been influential not only in psychology, but in religion and literature as well....   [tags: essays research papers] 1084 words
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Tetrapods - The early Devonian period is largely considered to be a world of a diverse array of lobe-finned fish, including lungfish, coelacanths, and bony fish. Over the course of time, vertebrates made evolutionary strides with provided them with the ability to travel on land. Coelacanths developed a single boned shoulder girdle, lungfish developed paired fins, and sauripterus developed the major structures on the arm (humerus, radius, and ulna). As these developments progressed and environmental pressures were amounting in aquatic environments, vertebrates began to venture onto land....   [tags: Paleontology]
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Charles Robert Darwin and his Revolutionary Ideas - Charles Robert Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. Charles was one of six children and came from a long line of scientists. His grandfather, Dr. Erasmus Darwin, created the theory of evolution and his father, Dr. Robert Waring Darwin, was a well known medical doctor in his community. When Charles was 16, in 1825, his father sent him to Edinburgh University to study medicine, in hopes that Charles would also become a medical doctor. However, three years into his studies Charles left Edinburgh University for Christ’s College because he could not tolerate the blood during surgery....   [tags: evolutionism, natural selection]
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The Evolution of Whales - The Evolution of Whales The origin of modern day whales, a mystery that has puzzled paleontologists for years, may have just been solved with the discovery of an ankle bone. This discovery might sound simple and unimportant, but the bones of these ancient animals hold many unanswered questions and provide solid proof of origin and behavior. The relationship between whales and other animals has proven to be difficult because whales are warm-blooded, like humans, yet they live in the sea. The fact that they are warm-blooded suggests that they are related to some type of land animal....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Warm and Cold Blooded Nature of Dinosaurs - The Warm and Cold Blooded Nature of Dinosaurs The debate of whether dinosaurs were cold blooded or warm blooded has been ongoing since the beginning of the century. At the turn of the century scientists believed that dinosaurs had long limbs and were fairly slim, supporting the idea of a cold blooded reptile. Recently, however, the bone structure, number or predators to prey, and limb position have suggested a warm blooded species. In addition, the recent discovery of a fossilized dinosaur heart has supported the idea that dinosaurs were a warm blooded species....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Link by Colin Tudge - Uncovering Our Earliest Ancestors: The Link is about the discovery of Ida. Ida is the alleged primate fossil that could link the two groups together. This fossil, forty-seven million years old, is the oldest and most complete primate yet to be found. Written by Colin Tudge, this non-fiction book explains the connection between both ancient and modern-day primates and humans. This book explains the complexity of Ida and her ancestors. The Link begins by explaining the environment in which Ida lived and her death....   [tags: Fossil, Earliest Ancestors, Analysis]
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The Discovery of Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica - The Discovery of Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica While working in Antarctica, two separate research teams with hundreds of miles between them each made astounding discoveries. They discovered dinosaur fossils. Antarctica has been home to many other dinosaur fossil finds but what was so special about these fossils is that they were from an unknown species of dinosaurs. Really what the discovery compliments is that the discovery of these fossils encourages the theory of plate tectonics and continental drift....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Natural Science - Ever since the first dinosaur fossil was unearthed by Robert Plot in 1676, dinosaur fever has infected almost everyone. Dinosaurs captivate us not only because of the enormous size that some of them attained, but because of their extraordinary diversity. Encompassing such astonishing creatures as the fearsome Tyrannosaurus rex, the majestic Triceratops and the cunning raptors, dinosaurs are truly fascinating. From such fascination many questions arise. How were the dinosaurs able to survive for such a long period of time....   [tags: essays research papers] 1129 words
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Evolution and Creation - Evolution vs. Creation How was the earth created. There are several different answers to this question. One is from a religious viewpoint and stems from the Bible. Another comes from the world of science and is based on evidence that has surfaced over the last century. The theory of evolution comes into direct conflict with another theory that has been around for thousands of years, the theory of creation. The theory of evolution claims that humans have evolved over thousands of years from apes....   [tags: essays research papers] 1131 words
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Fossil Discoveries in Kansas - Fossil Discoveries in Kansas Did you know, in the state of Oklahoma it is against the law to either hunt or catch whales. Sounds sort of ridiculous when you think logically about it, but according to paleontologists it isn’t that far fetched. Over 65 million years ago Kansas, including the whole Midwest Region of North America from the Arctic Circle to the Gulf of Mexico, was covered by the Sea. Due to the continental uplifts of the mountain ranges in North America during the Pangaea stage, the once shallow sea of Kansas became shut off from the sea-water flow and dried out to what we know it as today....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Marry Anning and the Fossil Hunters - Marry Anning and the Fossil Hunters Despite the fact that Mary Anning's life has been made the subject of several books and articles, comparatively little is known about her life, and many people are unaware of her contributions to palaeontology in its early days as a scientific discipline. How can someone described as 'the greatest fossilist the world ever knew' be so obscure that even many paleontologists are not aware of her contribution. She was a woman in a man's England....   [tags: Papers] 1146 words
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The Microraptor Gui: Link Between Bird and Dinosaur - The Microraptor Gui: Link Between Bird and Dinosaur The Debate: For years paleontologists have debated intensely about the origin of birds. How did air-borne birds evolve. How did they learn to take flight. Are they linked to dinosaurs. If they are, which species of these reptiles are the birds closest related to. The Find: From 2001 and 2002, six new basal dromaeosaurid specimens from the Lower Cretaceaous Jehol Group in Chaoyang Basin in western Liaoning, China, were found. These six specimens of the Microraptor gui, previously known genus Microraptor, were discovered by Xing Xu from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers] 1153 words
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Biblical Creation and Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution - Traditionally creationism has roots in many religions. There are various forms of creationism in many cultures. One of the most popular tenets in cultures around the world are variation of pair of male and female that parent the entire earth of humans. They indicate generally that there is first cause of humans and animals, usually as a result of an omnipotent being. The Christian version of creationism, that preach God as the sole creator of everything, and that everything that we see today, are as they were when originally made....   [tags: Natural Selection, Evolution Essays]
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The Discovery of Ardipithecus Kadabba, the Oldest Hominid - The Discovery of Ardipithecus Kadabba, the Oldest Hominid During an excavation in the middle Awash Region of Ethiopia, Haille- Sellaise unearthed six hominid teeth. These were at first thought to be the fossilized teeth of Ardipithecus Ramidus. The teeth have now been determined to be from the late Miocene, and those of Ardipithecus Kadabba. These are the oldest hominid remains found, to date. Upon earlier digs in this region between 1997 and 2000, Haille- Sellasie discovered an earlier tooth and fragments of an arm bone....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Ardipithecus Ramidus Kadabba: The Oldest Hominid - Ardipithecus Ramidus Kadabba: The Oldest Hominid There was a chief new discovery of fossil bones and teeth belonging to the earliest human ancestors ever discovered. The fossil bones predate the oldest formerly discovered human ancestor by more than a million years. The discovery was of fossil remains of a hominid that lived in present day Ethiopia between 5.2 and 9.8 million years ago. (Hominids include all species following the split as of the chimpanzees on the “human” side of the evolutionary tree.) “Analyses of the hominid indicate that they belonged to a previously unidentified species, which anthropologist Yohannes Haile-Selassie of the Cleveland Museum of Natura...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Implications of the Dinosaur Heart Discovery - Implications of the Dinosaur Heart Discovery The article from Science News, “Telltale Dino Heart Hints at Warm Blood”, by Tina Hesman and the Journal article it was based on from Science, ”Cardiovascular Evidence for an Intermediate or Higher Metabolic Rate in an Ornithischian Dinosaur”, by Paul Fisher and others both offer a new perspective on the topic to be discussed, however there are some key differences between the two articles. How the two articles differ will be discussed later on in the paper....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica - Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica Millions and millions of years ago the continents lay together as one super-continent known as Pangea. As time went on and the plates underneath the Earth began to separate, the continents land moved towards the poles where glaciation occurred. Glaciation is the process in which glaciers were formed during the ice age. Glaciation causes a drop in temperature which in turn causes water to freeze and form many layers of ice (http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Palaeofiles/Permian/intro.html, 1)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Ancient Penguin Discoveries and Evolution - Ancient Penguin Discoveries and Evolution In a recent BBC News article, Ivan Noble discusses the possibility that ancient penguins may hold the key to unlocking the mysteries behind the complicated molecular clock of evolution. Although a seemingly unlikely animal to research, prehistoric penguin remains in the Antarctic often have been the basis for study, research, as well as debate in the modern science world. Because the prehistoric relatives of the cute and cuddly modern day birds have colonies that are “characterized by high densities and high mortality”, large deposits of the subfossil bones “have been serially preserved in the cold Antarctic environment” (Lambert & Rit...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Inaccurate Portrayal of the Dinosaur Face - Inaccurate Portrayal of the Dinosaur Face As time goes on, Paleontologists discover more and more fossil remains, and with that more and more information about dinosaurs. Yet even with the great deal of fossils that have been discovered in the past century, scientists are still forced to make educated guesses about certain dinosaur behaviors, traits, and appearance. Dr. Lawrence Witmer’s recent research addresses this issue. Dr. Witmer argues that the fleshy nostril of dinosaurs lies in a different place than has been assumed and portrayed for over the last one hundred years....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Debate Over Birds and Feathered Dinosaurs - The Debate Over Birds and Feathered Dinosaurs Because dinosaurs are animals that lived millions of years ago, we are entirely dependent on the fossils that they have left behind for any understanding that we hope to gain. As any paleontologist will tell you, fossil hunting is difficult. There are no certainties, no guarantees. A certain amount of luck is as valuable as any scientific knowledge. Every so often a discovery is made that attempts to shake up pre-conceived notions of how the dinosaurs actually lived or how they came to be....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Majungatholus Atopus: A Dinosaur Cannibal - Majungatholus Atopus: A Dinosaur Cannibal The dinosaur Majungatholus atopus is a meat-eating dinosaur that lived 65 to 70 million years ago, during the Cretaceous period, in what is now the island of Madagascar. The Majungatholus has long been known for being a carnivorous dinosaur, but it wasn’t until recently that researchers revealed that this dinosaur was probably a cannibal. They were able to conclude that this was probably the case as a result of discovering several bones of the Majungatholus dinosaur with specific tooth marks in them that researchers have proven belonged to the Majungatholus dinosaur....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Debate Over Dinosaur Nostril Positioning - The Debate Over Dinosaur Nostril Positioning Where should the nostril on dinosaur models be placed. Although it seems like a rather simple question, it is a topic that has been recently researched so that scientists can feel reassured in creating anatomically correct models of dinosaurs. Amniotes (a group which in the Triassic spilt into reptiles and synapsids and which include dinosaurs), have large nasal openings, but since the nostril is made up of flesh and cartilidge, it is almost always not preserved in the fossil record (Lauren and Gauthier 1996)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Cannibalism Among Dinosaurs - Cannibalism Among Dinosaurs Typically, when an individual browses through various newspapers or watches the evening news they are most likely to see or hear some new and groundbreaking news concerning a scientific breakthrough. As I was looking through various scientific journals I came across an article that caught my eye for numerous reasons, but one in particular. The heading of the article read, “Cannibal dinosaurs revealed by tooth marks.” These prehistoric creatures that have been viewed by the public for centuries as being wild and ferocious beasts, are presently being seen more then just that....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Contrasting Theories on the Extinction of Dinosaurs - So what killed the dinosaurs. Without having any background education in science it is hard for the general public to comprehend such matters and they rely on the knowledge of the scientists in this field. Although there has been much research on the subject nobody has come up with a conclusive answer. And we are left to read the countless articles, all having their own opinions as to the mass extinction. One such theory is that a shift in the solar system could have caused the mass destruction....   [tags: Compare Contrast]
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Zoology - Zoology The study of zoology can be viewed as a series of efforts to analyse and classify animals. Attempts at classification as early as 400 BC are known from documents in the Hippocratic Collection. Aristotle, however, was the first to devise a system of classifying animals that recognized a basic unity of plan among diverse organisms; he arranged groups of animals according to mode of reproduction and habitat. Observing the development of such animals as the dogfish, chick, and octopus, he noted that general structures appear before specialized ones, and he also distinguished between asexual and sexual reproduction....   [tags: Papers] 1274 words
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Educational Goals and Philosophy - Educational Goals and Philosophy As a child, playing “school” occupied most of my time. My younger sister and I taught a bedroom full of stuffed animals and filled in imaginary names in our old school books. From the bad bears and loud bunnies to the good puppies and smart kittens, each stuffed animal possessed his or her own personality. The thought of teaching never entered into my mind when I was asked, “What do you want to be when you grow up?” Uncertain about the career field that I desired to pursue, my decisions depended upon the topics that held my interest at the time....   [tags: Education Teaching Teachers Essays] 1275 words
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The Concept of Flight - The concept of flight is typically thought to be synonymous with birds, so much so that it would be a surprise to most people to learn that there are currently about 11 known families of extant birds that do not have the ability to fly (McCall). Of these 11 families, there are about 98 species that are either still living or have gone extinct in the past few decades (McCall). Another surprising fact regarding flightless birds is that flightlessness as a trait did not appear suddenly among any flying vertebrates; they all took millions of years to fly (Paul)....   [tags: flightlessness, birds, extinct species]
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Invalidity of the Creationism Theory - Invalidity of the Creationism Theory Since I was a small child I have been interested in science, specifically the natural sciences. They have always intensely fascinated me. So of course being the curious child I was, I read many volumes on paleontology, paleo-archeology, and geology. During this same time, my parents were deeply involved in the church. They both had just graduated from seminary school and were thinking of starting their own ministry. This of course caused quite a conflict in me....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays] 1280 words
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Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution - Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution The evolution of man is constantly in question. While we are reasonably sure that modern humans and primates are both related to the same common ancestor, there is constant debate over what initially caused the two species to split into early hominids and apes. According to some, our longest and most popular theory on the division of man and ape is profoundly wrong. However, those same individuals usually offer an equally controversial theory as a substitute, one that is almost impossible to scientifically test or prove....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Theories Explaining the Demise of the Dinosaurs - Theories Explaining the Demise of the Dinosaurs The chapter of life which saw the rise of the dinosaurs is one of the most fascinating periods in our earth’s history. It is often the subject which brings about young children’s first exposure to science. When these children learn about these intriguing prehistoric beasts, one of their primary inquiries concerns the cause of their annihilation. What could have led to the demise of all those creatures, who lived very successfully for millions of years....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Microraptor: The Missing Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs - Microraptor: The Missing Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs In December of 2000, three Chinese scientists reported the discovery of the smallest adult dinosaur ever found, a species that claims to tighten the evolutionary gap between dinosaurs and birds. The dinosaur’s specie name is Microraptor, and it is slowly restoring the integrity of a sect of paleontology that was discredited in November of 1999 after National Geographic printed a story on the discovery of a species known as Archeoraptor....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans - Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans The debate with-in the anthropology field has been heated over the evolution of the human and the events that have lead us to where we are now. One of the major questions that is debated is how did we, humans-large brained and small jawed, evolve from primates-large jawed and small brained. Interestingly enough, this debate is now being directed from outside the field; by biologists and plastic surgeons. On march 25, 2004, Doctors Stedman (and others) published their findings in Nature (VOL 428) under the title Myosin gene mutation correlates with anatomical changes in the human lineage....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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The Role of Fungus in the Extinction of Dinosaurs - The Role of Fungus in the Extinction of Dinosaurs The debate over what ultimately killed off the dinosaurs is an area of great interest to not only scientists, but everyone. The dominant thought seems to be that an asteroid struck the earth at the end of the Cretaceous period and killed off much of the fauna and flora inhabiting the earth. However, the sequence of events following that mass extinction has been fairly blurry until a recent discovery, published in a recent issue of Science, by paleontologists Vivi Vajda and Stephen McLoughlin....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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Darwin´s Theory of Natural Selection and Primates - Darwin’s ideas about organic evolution were drawn from the existing forces of knowledge on evolution developed by Lyell, Malthus, and Lamarck. Although Darwin was not the first thinker about the concept of evolution, he was a revolutionary in developing a theory of evolution that was consistent. The distinctive element of the evolutionary theory conceived by Darwin is the way he viewed species. Darwin considered variation among individuals of a species to be natural. He further argued that variation, far from being problematic, actually provides the explanation for the existence of distinct species....   [tags: Evolution, Humans]
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A New Species of Whale - Questions Surrounding a New Species of Whale During the month of September in 1998 an amazing and unique discovery was found by a group of scientists when they went out to the Sea of Japan. There, they collected the carcass of a medium sized baleen whale. This was the ninth specimen needed to complete the research on discovering this new species. This species of the baleen whale did resemble the fin whale, another species of the baleen whale. However, this carcass was much smaller in size. After comparing DNA data of the external morphology, osteology, and mitochondrial, scientists were able to classify all they found into a new and different species....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]
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