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Biology - Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics....   [tags: Biology]
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2806 words
(8 pages)
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Biology - Biology 1. The virus is made up of five parts and is in the size range of 10 nm-300 nm in diameter. The first is the coat made up of protein that protects the virus to a point. Next is the head that contains the genetic material for the virus. The genetic material for a virus is DNA. The two other parts are the tail sheath and the tail fibers that are used for odd jobs. I believe that a virus is not considered to be a living creature due to the fact it is a parasitic reproducer. To me it is just like ripping up a piece of paper because it is still the same thing and it isn't carrying out any other function besides reproduction....   [tags: essays research papers] 1215 words
(3.5 pages)
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Biology and Philosophy of Love - Biology and Philosophy of Love What does it mean to love another person. This question is one that virtually every person has asked himself at some point; virtually every school of thought that exists has attempted to provide an answer of some sort. In this paper I will explain my own attempt at answering that question, from the perspective of an amateur philosopher; then I shall delineate the answers that some biologists have given. We shall see that, while at first these two sets of answers might appear to be quite different, there are in fact some interesting and notable similarities....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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1087 words
(3.1 pages)
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Guidelines for Writing a Biology Review Paper - Definition of a review paper A review is a comprehensive synthesis of results from a wide and complex set of studies A synthesis of findings rather than ideas. Goal of a review paper is to help readers make sense of all available information Direct quotations rarely found in reviews. Do Not Use. Research reviews focus on primary sources Original scientific experimentation reported in scientific journals The quality of the review depends largely on the comprehensiveness of the literature search Use of secondary sources--textbooks or review journals (Science, Scientific American, Discover) Overview of material--easier to understand....   [tags: Biology Writing Guidelines Review Paper] 1352 words
(3.9 pages)
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Lewis Thomas’ The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher - One can almost feel the searing penetration of Lewis Thomas’ analytical eye as it descends the narrow barrel of the microscope and explodes onto a scene of vigorous, animated, interactive little cells—cells inescapably engrossed in relaying messages to one another with every bump and bounce; with every brush of the elbow, lick of the stamp, and click of the mouse… Woven throughout Thomas’ The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher is a desire to link scientific phenomena with social behavior—to peruse the symbiotic relationship that we, as humans, are incapable or perhaps unwilling, to contemplate....   [tags: Biology Science Papers]
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2686 words
(7.7 pages)
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Six Marine Biology Films - Summary of Films Film # 1 is called The Open Ocean. In this film, the author takes a look at the pacific. It says that the Mariana Trench (7 miles deep) is the deepest place on earth. The highest mountains of the world are located there. In shallower waters, there is much life. Photosynthetic organisms are the basis of all life in the sea. Also, some animals such as the sea anemones and the sea cucumbers allow currents to carry particles to them, and some creature pulse to deliver oxygen to their bodies, an example could be the coral polyps....   [tags: Marine Biology] 1006 words
(2.9 pages)
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The Biology of Cancer - The Biology of Cancer In this report I will discuss the biology of cancer, including the explanations of what is cancer, what causes it and how it can be prevented. In addition, I will briefly discuss the different ways it is treated. What is cancer. Cancer develops when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all start due to the abnormal cells growing out of control. Normal body cells grow, divide and die in an orderly fashion....   [tags: Papers] 563 words
(1.6 pages)
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Marine Biology - MARINE BIOLOGY CASE STUDY LAB - PART 2 Analysis 1. By running the programming with a fish.dat file containing the information for a 2 x 2 tank size, and changing the starting positions for fish A, B, and C, according to the problem, I was able to evaluate the random sequence of steps taken by each fish. The fish move in sequence of A, B, and then C. Then they move according to open slots. If a fish is covered on both sides by another fish, it is unable to move and, therefore, stays in that exact position....   [tags: essays research papers] 381 words
(1.1 pages)
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Biology Revisited - Concepts and Methods in BiologyBiology RevisitedA. What is life?1. Experience and education refine our questions and our answers.2. Consider the meaning of "alive."3. This book is biology revisited. It will provide:a. Deeper understanding.b. A more organized level of understanding.B. To biologists, life reflects its ancient molecular origins and its degree of organization. Life is:1. A way of capturing and using energy and materials.2. A way of sensing and responding to specific changes in the environment.3....   [tags: essays research papers] 951 words
(2.7 pages)
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Synoptic Biology. - Synoptic Biology Synoptic biology is the ability to select and apply general principles to unfamiliar situations/data. Modules 5 and 8 will have questions that test your understanding of modules 1,2,3 and 4. This is called the synoptic assessment. The synoptic element of modules 5 and 8 is worth more marks that the actual module content. This means you have to get to grips with the synoptic element in order to do well. This booklet is designed to help you to do so. How much of module 5 and 8 is synoptic....   [tags: Papers] 1704 words
(4.9 pages)
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Chemistry of Biology - Chemistry of Biology There are many parts to every living thing. These basic parts have specialized jobs, which give shape and function of everything in the universe. The basic building block for all mass is the atom. There are many different parts to the atom. The electron is a negatively charged particle that revolves around the nucleus in electron shells. The electron is one of the smallest particles that make up the atom. The counterpart to the electron is the proton. This is a larger positive charged particle....   [tags: Papers] 560 words
(1.6 pages)
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Biology of Mangroves - Biology of Mangroves One of the most unique and least understood environments found in nature is that of the mangrove. This ecosystem is found at the junction between land and sea. Author, Loren Eiseley (1971) wrote vividly about his encounter with a mangrove forest in the book The Night Country: A world like that is not really natural. Parts of it are neither land nor sea and so everything is moving from one element to anotherÖNothing stays put where it began because everything is constantly climbing in, or climbing out, of its unstable environment....   [tags: Research Essays Term Papers] 3537 words
(10.1 pages)
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Biology Experiment - Biology Experiment Prediction The temperature I thought the experiment would work best at is 37 c. I think this because your body temperature is 37oC and it is same as cows. Rennin is from a cow and that is what we used. Rennin is an enzyme and it is affected by temperature. Theory The lock and key theoryis simply a way of describing how specific an enzyme is for its substrate. Just like a lock requires a specifically shaped key for it to work so does an enzyme. Each enzyme is a protein which is a polypeptide chain folded into a complex 3 dimensional structure....   [tags: Papers] 954 words
(2.7 pages)
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Introduction to Biology - Introduction to Biology A biosphere is anywhere organisms live.1 Thus, any place on our green planet, or microcosms within it, is a biosphere--more importantly it is the only one that we know how to live off. A well known fact is that our biosphere is becoming less and less suitable for sustaining our rapidly increasing population. Gross pollution caused by industrialism and technological advances have seriously damaged the part of out planet’s atmosphere made up of O3, most commonly referred to as Ozone....   [tags: Papers] 788 words
(2.3 pages)
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Biology Experiment - Biology Experiment Hypothesis I predict that the potatoes in the solution with high sugar concentration will increase in mass the most, the potatoes in the water with no sugar will lose the most mass. Osmosis is the movement of water from a high concentration to a low concentration across a particularly permeable membrane. The water can move between the potato and the solution but the sugar can’t because the molecules are too big to pass through the membrane. The water will move between the solution and the potato....   [tags: Papers] 1475 words
(4.2 pages)
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My Experience with Biology - My Experience with Biology To all who know me, they know how I can’t stand anything that is gross and slimy, or possibly get me in any way, shape, or form dirty. (I can’t stand to be dirty at all!) When I go to the doctors, I can’t even stand to see the nurses poke my arm with a long, cold, sharp needle, so they can get a blood sample. I can’t even stand to watch the shows on the Discovery channel where they are operating on any part of the human body and there is blood oozing from the open flesh of a human being....   [tags: Personal Narrative Writing] 1655 words
(4.7 pages)
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Biology Notes regarding Cells and Related topics - 1. The ability of ice to float because of the expansion of water as it solidifies is an important factor in the fitness of the environment. If ice sank, then eventually all ponds, lakes, and even oceans would freeze solid, making life as we know it impossible on earth. During the summer, only the upper few inches of the ocean would thaw. Instead, when a deep body of water cools, the floating ice insulates the liquid water below, preventing it from freezing and allowing life to exist under the frozen surface....   [tags: Biology Study Tests] 3489 words
(10 pages)
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Biology of Violence Examined - Biology of Violence Examined In comparison Robert Wright and Jane Ellen Stevens hold different positions on their stance about the biology of violence. Stevens writes in her article that it is her belief that violence is a direct result of biological or public health problems. Wright’s view differs as his article shows why he believes that violence is a result of external causes beyond the simple biological explanation. Whereas both authors have opposing viewpoints each presents an argument worth of consideration....   [tags: Papers] 363 words
(1 pages)
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Careers After Studying Biology - Careers After Studying Biology Epidemiologist Epidemiologists solve disease mysteries. They are scientists who figure out what causes a certain disease and why some people get the disease and why some people don't. Then they can tell people how to help prevent the disease. Epidemiologists study many different diseases, such as cancer and heart disease. They often study epidemics, which are unusual outbreaks of diseases. Forensic biology Forensic biology involves the detection, identification and comparison of biological materials relating to many legal aspects....   [tags: Papers] 516 words
(1.5 pages)
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Biology Lab Report - Biology Lab Report Lab No. 18: Biochemical Genetics: Smooth Peas Wrinkled Peas Data Presentation: The diagram of cotyledon for smooth and wrinkled pea is attached to the next page. The table of starch presents is below: Type of Pea Starch Present. (Color change) Smooth Yes (Dark blue) Wrinkled No (No change) Conclusion Smooth pea is dominant than wrinkled one, hence we can say the letter of allele which controls this characteristics is S. ‘SS’ and ‘Ss’ for smooth, and ‘ss’ for wrinkled....   [tags: Papers] 515 words
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The Biology of the Venom of Hapalochlaena Maculosa - The Biology of the Venom of Hapalochlaena maculosa Hapalochlaena maculosa, commonly known as the blue-ringed octopus, is a golf ball-sized cephalopod inhabiting the waters around Tasmania and southeastern Australia with a highly potent neurotoxin that it uses as a predatory and defensive mechanism. H. maculosa does not actually synthesize its venom, but rather, the neurotoxin (known as maculotoxin) is produced by a bacterial symbiont of the octopus that lives in its salivary glands. While not overly aggressive, H....   [tags: Poisonous Australia Wildlife Essays]
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3072 words
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Monotreme Reproductive Biology and Behavior - Monotreme Reproductive Biology and Behavior Monotremes are mammals that are oviparous, or egg-laying. There are only 3 extant species of monotremes: the playtpus and two species of echidna. Their reproductive systems are highly specialized to facilitate both the production of eggs and milk. The male tract is quite simple. The female tract has qualities similar to those of birds, though female echidnas also possess pouches. The monotreme egg is also very specialized and somewhat similar to a reptile egg....   [tags: Mammals Wildlife Essays]
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2594 words
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field biology projects - I intend on doing a regular project and an extra credit project. For my first project I will start a recycling process in my home. I don’t want to make it too hard on my family so it will consist of aluminum objects and plastics. I will run this and accumulate materials for two weeks. After I will take pictures to illustrate what I have accomplished with my family and write a general knowledge paper on how it affected my home and the environment. It is my assumption that in order to have sex once you have finished....   [tags: essays research papers] 389 words
(1.1 pages)
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Biology Key Skills - Biology Key Skills Poodles make more poodles. Sheep make more sheep. Replication is a basic fact of life. All living things make other living things that are to one degree or another duplicates of themselves. What is the mechanism behind all this. The answer lies in a molecule called DNA. In 1869, Friedrich Miescher extracted a substance, which he called nuclein from the nuclei of white blood cells. Nuclein later became known as nucleic acid. Living cells contain two kinds of nucleic acids-ribonucleic acid (RNA) which contains the sugar, ribose and deoxyribonucleic (DNA) which contains the sugar, deoxyribose....   [tags: Papers] 1813 words
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The Different Roles of Macromolecules in Biology - The Different Roles of Macromolecules in Biology There are four types of macromolecules that I am going to describe: Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acid. I will also describe the functions and why they are important in our bodies. Proteins ======== Proteins are polymers of amino acids that are joined head-to-tail in a long chain that is then folded into a three-dimensional structure unique to each type of protein. The covalent linkage between two adjacent amino acids in a protein (or polypeptide) chain is called a peptide bond....   [tags: Papers] 1376 words
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The State of Georgia vs. Evolutionary Biology - The State of Georgia vs. Evolutionary Biology Douglas J. Futuyma, in Evolutionary Biology defined evolution as, "...change in the properties of populations of organisms that transcend the lifetime of a single individual. The ontogeny of an individual is not considered evolution; individual organisms do not evolve. The changes in populations that are considered evolutionary are those that are inheritable via the genetic material from one generation to the next." (1) Like most of the population, I've never picked up a copy of Evolutionary Biology and have only recently thought about the most correct definition of the term....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
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Free College Admissions Essays: Biology and Psychology - Biology and Psychology University has always appealed to me because of the wealth of experiences it has to offer as a student. Although I enjoy English Literature and Chemistry: two of my 'A level´ subjects, I am especially keen to study Biology and Psychology. For me, the main appeal of the course lies in the variety of topics that will be covered. The aspects of Biology I find particularly interesting are neuroscience and how the immune system functions and responds. In Psychology, I am very interested in what makes people unique and how different factors shape our personality....   [tags: College Admissions Essays] 475 words
(1.4 pages)
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Biology of Cloning - Cloning: the process of copying one’s DNA to create an identical organism through nonsexual means. To Clone a human there are 5 Steps. 1. First you need to get an adult human female and Isolate the nucleus from a somatic (non-reproductive) cell. The complete genetic material of the organism is in the nucleus. To get the cell nuclei this step is repeated many times. A very small needle and syringe (suction device) is used to poke through the cell membrane to capture the nucleus and remove it from the cell....   [tags: essays research papers] 395 words
(1.1 pages)
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Sperm Selection After Mating - A Bit of Background Information What is pre- and post-copulatory sexual selection. From the word copulatory, meaning to engage in sexual intercourse, pre-copulatory sexual selection refers to the female's choice in selecting a mate before sexual intercourse takes place. Post-copulatory sexual selection occurs within the female's reproductive track, and it describes the biological selection (whether due to sperm or the female's biology) that results in the fertilization her eggs. Why are guppies good subjects for research in this topic....   [tags: Biology] 991 words
(2.8 pages)
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Bone - The epidemiology study in Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Scotland reported the incidence of fracture in 2000 which was 5,953 fractures in a population of 534,715 (11.3 in 1,000). (1) In general, the bone has a physiologic repairing process which consists of three basic steps; inflammation, proliferation and remodeling and the fracture can be healed spontaneously. (2) Failure of physiological regeneration of these steps which might cause the fracture nonunion. (3)This pathologic condition is one of the important complications after treatment fracture which occurs about 5-10% (Littenberg et al., 1998, Tzioupis and Giannoudis, 2007)....   [tags: Biology] 694 words
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Why Shark Bay (Australia) is a World Heritage Site - Why Shark Bay (Australia) is a World Heritage Site Shark bay is recognised as one of the worlds heritage sites as it fits into all four of the major categories they are: * “ as an outstanding example representing the major stages in the earth’s evolutionary history; * as an outstanding example representing significant ongoing ecological and biological processes; * as an example of superlative natural phenomena; and * Containing important and significant habitats for in situ conservation of biological diversity.” (June 4th Shark Bay World Heritage area: http://www.geology.ucdavis.edu) The shark bay region has a number of plant species that are threatened and the last of their ki...   [tags: Biology] 412 words
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DNA and common elements - Biology Topic Three Chemical elements element Function Prokaryotes Plants animals Sulphur proteins proteins Proteins Calcium Flagella movement Forms cell plate during cytokinesis Shells, bones, vesicle fusion Phosphorus Nucleic acids and ATP Nucleic acids and ATP Nucleic acids and ATP iron Cytochrome- used in respiration Cytochromes-used in reparation Cytochromes – used in mitochondria respiration, haemoglobin Sodium Main cation in cytoplasm Transmission of nerve impulses Water - Polar molecule - Oxygen has slight negative charge - Hydrogen has slight positive charge - Opposite charges attract - This forms hydrogen bonds - This is called coh...   [tags: Biology] 806 words
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Notes on Biology, Cells and Chemistry - REVIEW UNIT 1-THE CELL LIFE *There is no def. for life *Life can be characterized by a list of things that we might agree living thing have in common-organized and contain complex chemical substances, Made up of one or more cells, Use Energy, Have a definite form& Limited size, Have a limited life Span, Grow, Respond to changes in the environment, Reproduce, Evolve over time.*Metabolism is all the chemical reaction occuring in the cell of an organism*All Living things must carry out processes to maitain life and homeostasis- Nutrition, Transport, Respiration, Synthesis and Assimilation, Growth, Excretion, Regulation, Reproduction, Metabolism.CHEMISTRY BASICS *Atoms of the elements are t...   [tags: essays research papers] 916 words
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biology presentation for the skeleton - Intro – slide 1 – acetate 1 The skeleton of a human foetus is formed from tough but flexible cartilage that acts as a blueprint for bone construction. During ossification ( the changing of cartilage to bone) which begins before birth, the cartilage is broken down and the resulting space is filled by bone building mineral salts and protein fibres secreted by bone cells. Humans have a bony endoskeleton made up of 206 bones, although we are born with up to 300, but many of these fuse during childhood....   [tags: essays research papers] 667 words
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Biology, The Five Major Compounds - Compounds That Compose the Human Body There are five major groups of compounds that compose the human body. They are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleotides, and water. These are all very important to humans and without them we would not be able to survive. They have many functions that encourage a human cell and a human body to function. Carbohydrates include sugars and starches, contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen which appears in a ratio of 1:2:1. Carbohydrates are classified according to size as monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides....   [tags: essays research papers] 1150 words
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The Importance of Water in Biology - Task: Design, then execute, a lab protocol to investigate water properties Research question: Is water co-hesive/ ad-hesive. Hypothesis: If we test water's co-hesion and ad-hesion on various papers, it will vary. For example, if we place water on wax paper, it will not be absorbed and thus helps to prove that it is not very ad-hesive as it will stay in a ball and will easily roll off. Also, the water will be easily broken if we were to try separating it using a metal stick, and this will show weak co-hesive forces....   [tags: Lab Report] 539 words
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Biology: The Endosymbiotic Theory - ... A cell’s plasma membrane to come together and joins to combine the material inside and then an intracellular vesicle is then formed. The origin of Eukaryotes is still Under Investigation but the most popular theories involves a symbiotic relationship between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In 1883 this theory began with Andreas schimper. Schimper hypothesized that cells had an endosymbiotic nature. Konstantin Merezhkovsky proposed in 1905, the reason that the plastids were endosymbionts, suggesting that symbiosis is the force behind evolution....   [tags: lynn margulis, eukaryotes] 575 words
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Biology Coursework: The effect of Trypsin on Gelatine. - Implementing: - 1. First, I gathered the necessary equipment: § Thermostatically controlled water baths § Ice § Thermometer § Stop watch § Test tubes § Photographic film (b/w) § Syringe § Test tube rack § Ruler § Scissors § O.1% trypsin made in pH7 buffer solution § Mounted needle 2. I then decided on the range of results and temperatures I was to investigate. I decided to observe 20º, 30º, 40º, 50º, 60º, 70º and 80º. 3. Next, I label each test tube with the temperature to be investigated and then added 2.5cm3 of Trypsin solution....   [tags: essays research papers] 677 words
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Section 3.1-3.2 Biology 1 Notes - SECTION 3.1 WHERE LIFE HAPPENS 1. Living things can be either uni-cellular (one cell) or multi cellular. A bacteria is one type of unicellular. 2. About 8000 of the smallest bacteria could fit inside one of your red blood cells. 3. The longest cells are the thin nerve cells found in large animals and they can be more than a meter long. 4. The cell with the greatest volume is an unfertilized ostrich egg 5. A cell’s shape is related to its function. For example, a long nerve cell is long and it carries messages from your spine to your toes....   [tags: essays research papers] 1018 words
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Analysis of Biology of Aloe Vera Plant - Aloe Vera is a member of the Liliaceae family. Also known as Aloe barbadensis, Barbados aloe, and medicinal aloe. (Quattrocchi, 2000) There are nearly five hundred species of aloe, found throughout the world today. These low or stem-less plants that originated from Africa, have prickly margined, pointed leaves that produce a yellowish, “gel” or medicinal sap, when cut. Taonomic Affiliation: The species Aloe Vera is more scientifically known as Aloe barbadenis. It is a member of the Asphodelacea (Liliaceae) family, which has many other similar plants, but A....   [tags: Papers]
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Biology: What´s Ubiquitin and Ubiquitination? - Ubiquitin and Ubiquitination INTRODUCTION General Understanding of Ubiquitin. Ubiquitin is a regulatory protein that plays an important role in the regulation of eukaryotic cells. The word ubiquitin is derived from the Latin word, ubiquitous, which means everywhere, since this protein is found in all parts of the body. It was first isolated by Goldstein in 1975 from the thymus and was later found in all of the tissues and organs of the eukaryotic cells1. The protein has a molar mass of 8.5 kDa and consists of 76 amino acids that are highly conserved in all eukaryotic organisms1....   [tags: protein, N and C terminal ] 2115 words
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Benefits of Human Cloning - What is cloning. "Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through nonsexual means."(www.Howstuffworks.com) It has been used for thousands of years to produce plants. The next stage was to clone animals. Scientists can take unfertilized eggs of some small animals, and clone them, so they develop into full adults. After knowing that people realized how great it would be if we could clone humans. There would be a lot of advantages in cloning humans. Lets say someone will die if they can't get a heart transplant....   [tags: Clones Biology] 927 words
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Synthetic Biology: Transplanting an Artificial DNA to a Living Bacterium Mycoplasma - ... This is followed by transplanting the artificial DNA into a living bacterium Mycoplasma capricolum with its own DNA. They then allowed the bacterium which now contains both artificial and synthetic DNA to multiply. This means that the daughter bacteria will contain both artificial and authentic DNA. To remove the authentic DNA bacteria, they used an antibiotic that kills the bacteria with authentic DNA but not the bacteria with artificial DNA. They then allowed the artificial bacteria to produce proteins....   [tags: prokaryotic and eukaryotic] 554 words
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Lichen - Lichen Bright and neutral colors of crumbly material sit upon a boulder that beckons to be noticed. A small child places its hand upon the rock and notices upon withdrawal that small bits of an unknown substance come back, stuck upon the palm. Many people are unaware that this strange substance, called lichen, is actually a plant and thrives and lives upon that boulder. Lichen is a special kind of plant that has its own unique biology, has many different types and classifications, and heavily monitors our environment....   [tags: Plants Biology Environment Horticulture]
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Water Potential Investigation - Water Potential Investigation Aim: To determine the water potential of potato cells and sweet potato cells during the process of osmosis. (Only water molecules can pass through by the process of osmosis) Osmosis is the movement of water particles from a low region of water concentration to a high region of water concentration through a partially permeable membrane. A partially permeable membrane is known as the barrier which allows certain substances to move across, such as water molecules which move through freely, but prevents the movement of other substances, like sucrose....   [tags: Biology Lab Report] 1206 words
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I Love You From the Bottom of My Brain: The Neurobiology Behind Love - I Love You From the Bottom of My Brain: The Neurobiology Behind Love You're at a typical weekend party. You spot someone across the room. They look over in your direction. "Wow, they're so beautiful," you think. You want desperately to go over and talk to them, but at the very thought of it, your heart starts racing and your palms begin to sweat. Looking over at them again, you see that amazingly enough they are coming over to you. Even before speaking to them, you feel like you have just fallen in love....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
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Cryobiology: Low Temperature Studies Of Biological Systems - Cryobiology: Low Temperature Studies Of Biological Systems Thesis: Low temperature biology, or cryobiology, has the possibility, and may very easily and very drastically affect everyones' lives in the future. Through rapidly approaching cryobiological medical procedures and techniques, the presence of intense ethical issues may play an important role in many everyday decisions that do not now exist. Introduction What is cryobiology. It is "the study of the effects of freezing and low temperatures on living organisms" (Read, 1999)....   [tags: Biology Biological Papers]
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Analysis and Description of Synthetic Biology - Synthetic biology, “the aim is to create improved biological functions to fight current and future challenges”. Like all engineering disciples’ synthetic biology is motivated by application to solve specific problems” (3, 7). “Like chemistry biology is the study of living things. Synthetic biology is replicating and recreating nature, which allows it to sometimes control living things (6). Larger quantities of Artemisinin a drug for malaria will be due to the new E coli strain. Thoughts are that it may be able to produce food, optimize industrial processing and detect, prevent and cure cancer (1, 3)....   [tags: synthetic biology, dna, cells] 592 words
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Biology of a Squid - Biology of a Squid Squids are among the most varied and unique of all invertebrates. They are mollusks of the Class Cephalopod, along with the nautilus, cuttlefish, and octopus. Squids are highly evolved, and have developed a number of traits uncommon to most other mollusks. Fossil records of cephalopods have dated back the Cambrian Period (about 600 million years ago). Structurally, squids have only small variations of a basic theme common to all cephalopods. They are spherical or cigar-shaped with two fins used to stabilize movement when swimming....   [tags: Papers] 570 words
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Studying Development Biology and Cellular Biology - To take my initial steps towards research, I spent the winter during my sophomore year working on a project at microbiology laboratory under Dr. Anil Limaye, Assistant Professor, IIT Guwahati. Apart from gaining valuable knowledge in bacteriology by surveying various literature works, I learned basic techniques such as bacterial culture and transformation. A diverse spectrum of laboratory courses like Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory, Biomolecular Analysis Laboratory and Biochemical Engineering Laboratory have trained me in several basic techniques like Plasmid extraction, Gel Electrophoresis, Purification and Estimation of proteins etc....   [tags: research, baterial, culture, skills] 580 words
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Aristotle's Influences on Biology - Science has taken huge steps to get to where it is today. Throughout the ages biology has developed from focusing on medicine and natural history, to great scientific advantages such as the theory of evolution, classifying living organisms and decoding every strand of DNA in the human body. Biology is the study of life, and all living organisms. The first known biologists were Hippocrates of Kas and Galen of Pergamum, who helped with the understanding of anatomy and physiology. Philosophy is the study of a basis of a particular branch of knowledge or experience....   [tags: mathematics, academy, physics] 527 words
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Biology Enzymes Coursework - Biology Enzymes Coursework Prediction: I think that the enzyme will work best at 45.c to 50.c I think this because that optimum temperature for most natural enzymes is 40.c but his is a chemical enzyme so it will work best a little higher. If this temp is exceeded then I think that it will take longer to work because it will not be at the optimum temp, or it will not work at all because it has become denatured. An enzyme cannot recover from this state....   [tags: Papers] 583 words
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Statement of Purpose for a Cancer Biology Application - ... My studies provided me with a fertile ground upon which I based the development of my interest in the mechanism of cancer growth and development. Moreover, tumor metastasis and its related development factors, such as those that lead to the metastasis from one organ to another, has further fueled my interest in taking a further study in the field. I believe that as a requirement to further specialization in cancer biology, both as a practitioner and a lecturer in the future, I have to acquire a full comprehension of the mechanism of metastasis of tumors, angiogenesis, and the factors that helps to regulate this process....   [tags: veterinary, animal hospital, masters] 556 words
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As Toid by The Egg: Nonfiction Biology Article Summary - In the article, As toid by the egg by the author Susan Gaidos, the general subject matter/theme of the article is how reproduction occurs with an egg and a sperm to create new individuals. The main ideas which will be addressed in the article are how the egg and sperm reproduce, the challenges the sperm faces to get to the egg, how the egg and the sperm have evolved over time since originally the cells looked the same, proteins are involved in the reproduction, and a discussion on reproductive failure....   [tags: susan gaidos, sperm, reproduction] 650 words
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My Desire to Understand Life Compels Me to Study Biology - My desire to understand life is a huge intellectual challenge, because living things are the most complex structures we know of. By studying biology, I hope to gain adequate knowledge about the structure and complexity of living things and to establish a strong connection between the mundane explanations and details offered in my A-level biology text book. Understanding life is central to humanity's survival, because most of the looming pressure on our species - climate change, environmental degradation , emergent diseases , and population growth - impact on us via their effects on organisms ....   [tags: career choices] 585 words
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Johny's Brain on Coke - The following is a hypothetical and extremely unrealistic dialogue between my hypothetical friend Johnny and me. The conversation takes place at a Wesleyan party and concerns Johnny's decision to snort cocaine. The reason I chose cocaine for the topic of this dialogue is because of its widespread prevalence on campus, as well as the fact that several friends of mine frequently do coke for recreational purposes. Me. Hey Johnny, what you up to. Johnny. Nothing much dude, just doin' some lines. You in....   [tags: Biology] 779 words
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Biology Answers to Quiz: Cells - 1. I believe that these polymers, Cellulose, starch and glycogen have different properties because they are used in different organisms. Cellulose and starch are mainly used in plants and glycogen is used in animals. Cellulose is used for strength in its stems and leaves and uses starch for help with storing things. Glycogen is used in animals to help store things as well. These polymers have different properties because they have different functions in different organisms. 2. Diffusion is the spreading out of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration....   [tags: Cellulose, Difussion, ATP] 532 words
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Biology: Arabidopsis Culture Cell and Transformation - Arabidopsis Culture Cell and Transformation Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Columbia ecotype suspension- cultured T87 cells were maintained at 22°C in JPL3 medium with continuous illumination and shaking at 100g. Two-week-old cells were sieved through 500 μm stainless mesh and the remaining filtrate was transferred to a flask containing 20 ml of fresh JPL3 medium for subculture. Transformation of T87 cells was done by culturing the cells in B5 medium supplemented with 1 μM 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 40 g L-1 sucrose....   [tags: gene expression analysis] 564 words
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Biology: What´s a Chromosomal Mutation? - A mutation is a change in DNA. An organism's DNA affects how it looks and how it behaves. It can be any change in the gene sequence. We as christians do realize that genes do change over time. The way that our DNA can be changed is by multiple reasons, U.V. hitting it , radiation hitting or even replication mistakes. There are different kinds of mutations and We will talk about them later on in the paper. Before researching the topic of mutations my initial thought right off the back is, some kind of gross abnormally growing on or in creatures of this world (notes, american)....   [tags: dna, gene sequence] 590 words
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The Roles of Water in Living Organisms and as an Environment for the Organisms - The Roles of Water in Living Organisms and as an Environment for the Organisms Without water there would be no life on Earth; this is why water is the most important biochemical of all. In "Human Biology" by J.M Orten and O.W. Nevhans, it is suggested that 70% of all body weight is water, most of which is found in three major compartments: 70% intracellular fluid, 20% interstitial fluid (lymph) and 7% blood plasma, and only 3% in other compartments. By volume, nearly a half of each of our organs consist of water; amounting to approximately 10 gallons of water, of which most is in our cells....   [tags: Biology Essays] 539 words
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Lab: Which PH Breaks Down Albumin, a Substrase of the Enzyme Pepsin - Task 1 Extended Experimental investigation Factors Affecting Enzyme Action Focus Question: This lab will be driven by the research question, which pH level has the most successful effect on the activity of the enzyme Pepsin (protease) in the breakdown of the substrate, albumin. Introduction: Pearson Baccalaureate: Standard Level Biology Developed Specifically for the IB Diploma describes enzymes as “protein molecules which act as catalysts for reactions. As catalysts, the real function of enzymes is to lower the activation energy of the reactions that they catalyze” (Ward, Tosto, McGonegal, & Damon, 2007)....   [tags: Biology, Protein] 739 words
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Statement of Purpose for My Bachelor's Degree at University of Roskilde - ... In A levels, I studied biology which gave me an academic foundation that is necessary for a career in science and provided me with knowledge of how human life evolved. Mathematics helped me solve problems from different angles and work in a logical and critical manner. These subjects gave me a drive to further my education in science and learn more about how it shapes our planet. The aspects of natural science program that attracts me the most is the multidisciplinary course which holds a unique opportunity, where I could freely choose which subjects that I want to study....   [tags: natural science, biology, culture] 547 words
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The Uses of Biology - The Uses of Biology Ahh...there's nothing like lounging around in your favorite pair of jeans, reading up on some biology. It's hard to believe that annual sales of jeans like yours make up part of a $700 Billion global industry....   [tags: Biology Biological Technology ] 1172 words
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Education in Biology and Anatomy: The Exhibition of Bodies - The Exhibition of Bodies offers the opportunity to children and adults an unprecedented visual experience to learn as never before about the complex human body. The Exhibition is located at 11 Fulton Street. New York, NY 1003.The Exhibition consists of 14 full body human specimens and over 200 organs. When one goes to this exhibition, one has to go completely open minded and aware that this bodies were willingly donated to assist educational, medical and scientific research. Through Polymer preservation, each body and organs in the nine galleries are dissected to clearly show the complex anatomical systems of the human specie....   [tags: anatomy, biology, exhibits,] 937 words
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My PhD: The Conservation Biology of Shorebirds - The main direction of my PhD is to reveal why shorebirds are declining. I propose to use a combination of research methods (fieldwork, GIS, phylogenetic analyses), because learning these methods will be highly beneficial in my career as conservation biologist and academic. I have only decided about 3 papers, each should be suitable for a chapter. The direction of further chapters needs to be discussed as I go along. Chapter 1. Why are shorebirds declining. Comparative tests of intrinsic and extrinsic variables on threat status and population trends Shorebird (sandpipers, plovers, gulls and allies) populations are declining globally, driving many species to the brink of extinction (Zockler et...   [tags: PhD, proposals, Conservation Biology, animals,]
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The Utility of Nucleic Acid Hybridisation and Nucleic Acid Probes In Molecular Biology - The unique property of nucleic acids to pair with each other through complementary base pairing is the lifeblood of genetic engineering. A single strand of DNA can pair up with another strand of DNA or RNA if its base pairs are complementary to those of the other strand, under the right conditions of temperature and pH. This phenomenon is called nucleic acid hybridisation. It is possible to exploit this mechanism for the detection of one nucleic acid strand from a mixture of many other strands....   [tags: Molecular Biology]
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Biology Basic - 1. Give several examples of the diversity of living things. Organism inhabits almost every place on Earth. Even the most extreme locations contain life. Tiny organisms inhabit the Antarctic ice, giant worms live near hot vents on the ocean floor, and some organisms even live inside other organisms. 2.Explain how the parts of the biosphere interact to maintain life. Organisms interact with earth other and with the environment. A meat eater will eat a grass eater, who feeds on plants, then the meat eater will die and return minerals to the soil, to make more plants for the grass eater to feed on, which is then eaten by another meat eater....   [tags: essays research papers] 880 words
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Synthetic Biology: Promises and Perils - Synthetic Biology: Promises and Perils In May 2010, researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) in San Diego announced the construction of the first “synthetic” organism, a bacterium powered by an artificially synthesized genome.1 While the de novo generation of life remains beyond scientific reach (the JCVI team transplanted the synthetic genome into an existing Mycoplasma recipient cell), the implications of Venter’s experimental success are profound. A milestone in the nascent field of synthetic biology, JCVI’s pioneering achievement has inspired prospects for the creation of highly customized genomes with agricultural, environmental, and pharmaceutical applications....   [tags: Synthetic Organisms, J. Craig Venter]
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Career: Marine Biology - ... Some marine biologists have found evidence of enormous squids, but have never seen their entire body. I would like to find species like those. What made me want to become a marine biologist was just that. I saw a documentary on these giant squids and right at that moment, I knew that I wanted to discover what else was hidden in the deep abyss. There could be mermaids for all we know. Without exploring the rest of the 70% that has not been seen, no one can tell what is down there. The average salary of a marine biologist is $57,430 per year....   [tags: Job Description, Benefits]
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Adolescence: Defined By Biology or Society? - Adolescence begins in biology and ends in society. The definitions we accept to describe the onset of adolescence revolve around puberty, biological changes of the body. Therefore I consider adolescence to begin in biology. Adolescence ends in society. Entrance into adulthood marks the end of adolescence. The definitions of who is considered an adult are defined by society and therefore I contest that adolescence ends in society. The onset of adolescence is marked by a sudden increase in the production of many hormones in the body....   [tags: Adolescent Behavior] 687 words
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The Biology of Prayer and Healing - The Biology of Prayer and Healing “When we set ourselves to the work of collecting or re-collecting the scattered pieces of ourselves, we begin a task which, if carried to its natural conclusions, ultimately becomes prayer.” Skepticism Science and Faith: Freud, one of the most well respected researchers of the human experience, claims that religion is a “universal neurosis that civilization substitutes for a more authentic personal reality based on scientific knowledge” (Jones and Butman, 1991, 77)....   [tags: Essays Papers]
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Wiring Up Biology - Wiring Up Biology WHEN the commonplaces of one discipline are applied to an unrelated field, they can prove curiously fruitful. In 1952 two British physiologists, Alan Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley, managed just such a fruitful crossover, applying textbook physics to living tissue. They were both later knighted, and shared a Nobel prize in 1963. The experimental method they pioneered remains fundamental to research into the behaviour of nerve cells. As anyone who has ever had an electric shock knows, electricity has powerful effects on living matter....   [tags: Papers] 1539 words
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Biology Experiment on Heart Rate - Introduction: In year 10, biology, we have been studying the heart: the functions of the heart, the parts of the heart (ventricle, atrium) and heart problems. Besides that we have been studying the heart rate of humans. We were asked to create an experiment to see what affects heart rate. We discovered that diet, stress, cholesterol level, excitement, mass, age, temperature and exercise affected the heart. Diet and exercise were the only 2 doable and so my partner and I chose exercise. We determined that as the intensity of an exercise increased so did the heart rate of the person performing it....   [tags: High School, Physical Education, Hypothesis] 1066 words
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Biology: Mutations and Transformation - ... 4. If these mutations exist then there must be countless amounts of mutations that result in unviable zygotes. Part Five – Experimental Possibilities To find the different types of mutations a genome would need to be sequenced. Next the genome would need to be bombarded with things that could mutate the sequence. The sequence could then be sequenced to find out where the mutations occurrence. The genome would then need to be manipulated synthetically to find out what effect the mutations occurred....   [tags: living organisms, artificial mutations] 1326 words
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Biology Summative: Telomeres, Telomerase, and Cancer - ... As a result, better cancer treatment would revolutionize society by saving thousands of lives every year. Furthermore, governments and institutions around the word spend billions of dollars on research cancer; better cancer treatment as a result of research in cancer and telomeres would save the world a lot of money in the future. Lastly, the future applications of this research will lead to advancement in medical technologies. Thus, the links between telomeres and cancer and the discoveries being made on them is changing the world through current and future applications that have implications for cancer treatment, society, the economy, and technology....   [tags: cancer cells, dna replication]
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History of Biochemistry: Chemistry and Biology Connection to the World Today - ... Chemistry is a broad science, embracing the concepts of creation of molecules and the manipulation of atoms and dealing with microscopic and macroscopic scales. It covers interactions with plants, animals and humans through agriculture, biology and medicine and with the physical world through electronics, new building materials and new sources of energy. It affects the people of our planet, protecting and preserving our health, ecology, culture and heritage. We have advanced chemistry by advancing battery life and creating better battery etc....   [tags: society, matter, organisms. science,] 1001 words
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Application Essay for Master of Science in Biology Program (Online) - I want to earn my Master of Science in Biology from University of Nebraska, Kearney, with an emphasis in either cellular biology and physiology or genetics and molecular biology. As one of the best and one of the few universities to offer an online master’s program in biology, I expect you receive many more requests for entrance than you have positions to offer. This leaves the question, “Why offer this opportunity to me?” If I could be a professional student, I would be. I am always wondering why, how, what if....   [tags: admissions essays] 779 words
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Biology: Flatwroms - Platyhelminthes are mainly known as flatworms. These flatworms are bilaterally symmetrical and are triploblastic. Platyhelminthes are also acoelomates and participate in gaseous exchange through diffusion in the tegument layer. Platyhelminthes are subcategorized into two classes; Trematoda and Cestoidea. Clonorchis sinensis, a trematode parasite and Echinococcus granulosus, a cestoidean parasite are similar in the fact that they both are Platyhelminthes but these parasites differ in terms of their lifecycles and abilities to cause infection in humans....   [tags: life cycle, parasites] 582 words
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External Structure of Roots and Stems - The lab exercise about External Structure of roots and stems enabled us to see and hold the parts of the roots and stems of plants, thus examine them more closely. We were able to compare the different root systems and the kinds of stems of different plants, thus we were able to find similarities and differences. We examined different root systems and labeled the parts, thus we were able to differentiate both kinds of systems from one another. We were also given the chance to examine closely a monocot and a dicot plant....   [tags: Biology] 992 words
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Breeding Habits of Water Birds - Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION Many species aggregate for feeding, roosting and nesting activities, which are prevalent among water birds (Weins, 1992). Why animals form breeding colonies is a major unresolved question in evolutionary biology. The topic continues to stir lively debate (Danchin & Wagner 1997, Tella et al., 1998) and has been the focus of long term studies (Hoogland 1995; Brown & Brown 1996; Danchin et al. 1998). One of the principal issues has been whether colonies form due to limited breeding habitat; with animals forced into nesting aggregations at a nest cost, or result from social benefits of clustering (Food finding, reduced predation; Lack 1968; Alexander 1974; Hoogland & Sh...   [tags: Biology ] 976 words
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