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Essay on Pros and Cons of Genetic Cloning

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Genetic cloning is a subject that has always been popular among scientists. The earliest breakthroughs in cloning can be dated back to over a century ago when a German biologist named Hans Driesch successfully cloned a sea urchin (Wilmut 1). Back then cloning wasn't yet a mainstream topic among the general public. But with all the technological advancements made over the years more astounding breakthroughs have been made possible. This has now sparked a huge debate, not only among scientists, but among governments and the public as well. Genetic cloning reaches back to hundreds, and maybe even thousands of years ago (Harvard Med School webpage). Several of small animals have been cloned since the 1960’s. However, the first mammal had not been cloned until 1997 and it was a sheep named Dolly. After 277 attempts scientist, Ian Wilmut created Dolly. This happened by taking an udder cell from another sheep. The udder cell is the milk-producing gland of female mammals. This udder cell was then injected into an unfertilized egg in which the nucleus was removed (animal research.info). Since then many different animals have been cloned including cats, rabbits, and mice. One of the biggest questions though is have humans ever been cloned? Well in spite of multiple publicized assertions currently there is no proven evidence that anyone has successfully cloned human embryos. One such highly publicized claim was made in 2002 by "Clonaid", the first human cloning company in the world when they held a news conference announcing the birth of what they claimed was the first cloned human, a girl named Eve. Though after repeated attempts from the media and multiple scientific communities, Clonaid has never provided evidence to confirm the validity ...


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...l." New Genetics & Society 25.1 (2006): 21-31. Consumer Health Complete. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.

"Gene Cloning." AgBioSafety. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2001. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. .

genome.gov. National Human Genome Research Institute, 12 June 2012. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. .

Basic Science Partnership. Harvard Medical School, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.

Havstad, Joyce C. "HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE CLONING: A CONFLICT OF LIBERTIES." Bioethics 24.2 (2010): 71-77. Consumer Health Complete. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.

SPARROW, ROBERT. "Therapeutic Cloning And Reproductive Liberty." Journal Of Medicine & Philosophy 34.2 (2009): 102-118. Academic Search Complete. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.

Wilmut, Ian. "Instant Expert 2." . New Scientist, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/s/somatic_cell.htm


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