Preview
Preview

Essay about Privatization of Solid Waste Management

No Works Cited
Length: 1238 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Privatization of Solid Waste Management
Among the major environmental policies that have triggered hot debates among stakeholders and the public in general is that of privatizing solid waste management in various cities in the United States. Private companies have been operating the business of waste collection and management for many years not only in the U.S but also in the U.K and other countries. The debate has been whether by privatizing municipal solid waste (MSW) management, cost reduction and improved service quality can be achieved. Those who oppose the idea of privatizing MSW management have come up with all sorts of explanations to depict the idea as being counterproductive. However, most of these opposing arguments have overlooked the numerous benefits that would come with privatizing MSW management. The benefits not only come in terms of reduced costs and improved service quality but also in terms of creating a competitive market where contractors have to bid for opportunities to serve the community in the area of solid waste collection (Jacobsohn, 2001).
At a time when municipalities are struggling with major budget shortfalls and declining revenues, among the most viable services for privatization is that of solid waste collection, disposal, and recycling (Solid Waste Study Shows Privatization Lowers Costs, Increases Efficiencies and Boosts Safety, 2011). Privatization of solid waste management is appropriate on the basis of five main benefits. Firstly, due to the fact that private companies are able to spread investments, procurement and environmental protection costs across multiple facilities and contracts, they can attain cost savings. Their economies of scale enable them to achieve these cost savings besides ...


... middle of paper ...


...in light of the economies of scale. Therefore, the idea is to ensure that the quantity of MSW in all subregions is as close as possible (Lin & Kao, 2008).
In a scenario where two subregions have equal MSW quantity, contractors will consider the road length and go for the one whose road length is shorter. This creates another parameter called Route Density Index (RDI) which is obtained by the formula; RDI=W/L where L is the total road length and W is the quantity of MSW in a subregion. Therefore, a high RDI would imply a subregion with a short total road length and a large quantity of MSW. Consequently, its MSW collection would have a lesser cost than a subregion with a low RDI. Differences in RDI should be compensated by applying different price structures. Overall, districting MSW collection promotes competitive bidding market in communities (Lin & Kao, 2008).




Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Solid Waste Management in Detroit Essay - ... Detroit is not the only city that is facing financial strain, many other local government budgets are facing the same issue and challenges of shrinking revenues and the rising expenses lead to major shortfalls. The most logical responses are to reduce the cost of municipal services. To achieve this, many cities are gearing towards the private sector to lower and increase efficiency. The reason for privatizing is that the local government will achieve cost savings, have better protection from risk, have a better safety record, see faster adoption of technologies and have less debt....   [tags: private, public, residents, curbside, services]
:: 1 Works Cited
566 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
An Environmental Anthropology of Waste in Cairo Contexts, Dimensions and Trends - ... Not only were the pigs used in the recycling process as consumers of organic refuse, but they were also considered as economic assets for the Zabbaleen. The Egyptian government’s decision was criticized by many by locally and internationally not only as an act of inhumanity against the animals but as an unnecessary step that had nothing to do with swine flu prevention , since no cases had been detected at that time. The outcomes of this cull were soon visible as piles of organic waste the pigs once consumed started showing up on Cairo’s streets, posing serious health risks....   [tags: municipal solid waste management]
:: 23 Works Cited
1232 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Solid Waste Management - Policy is needed to regulate which course of action should be taken and how it should be implemented. Because of this, many plans and policies revolving around the management of solid waste have been put in place. Sometimes however, a particular policy can have its shortfalls, potentially resulting in its negative aspects outweighing the positive ones. According to the Conference Board of Canada Report, “Canadians dispose of more municipal solid waste per capita than any other country” (2013). Solid waste management in particular, involves many aspects, ranging from packaging waste, food waste, etc....   [tags: Waste, Trash, Management, Policies]
:: 9 Works Cited
1469 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Comparing Differing Approaches for Effective Solid Waste Management Essay - In early history, all the waste generated by people, which composition was totally organic, was left on the ground where it was decomposed with time. Moreover, the population was small and everything was repaired and reused. As people began to produce items for their comfort and build houses, the population grew and cities burgeoned. According to National Waste & Recycling Association (2012), as population grew, waste production increased, and consequently emerging the necessity to develop waste disposal systems....   [tags: harzardous, non-hazardous, municipal waste]
:: 27 Works Cited
1948 words
(5.6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Solid Waste Management in China Essay - INTRODUCTION Solid waste management is a major environmental issue and creating huge burdens particularly in megacities. Combination of growth of population and economy corresponds to increase of municipal solid waste (MSW). Many countries which have rapid growing economies are also confronted with serious challenges in maintaining and managing their vastly increasing wastes. An alarming rate of solid waste generation is observed simultaneously with urbanization, industrialization and economic development of countries....   [tags: environmental issues]
:: 3 Works Cited
1938 words
(5.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Solid Waste Management In Turkey - SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY IN TERMS OF GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS As is seen in every country, economical factors form the basis of the relationship between the population and environment in Turkey. The conditions obliged by the economical development give rise to the demographical activities such as rapid population growth, high fertility, high dependence rates, and migration from villages to the cities. The relationship between the population and the environment in Turkey has been taken on in terms of “sustainable development” approach....   [tags: Environmental Issues] 1027 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Waste Management Essay - 2.0 Literature Review People are consume a lot of product and generate waste product much faster than the natural degradation process and replecement of this materials. So far, Malaysians spend much more money on waste management. Local authorities spend up to 60 per cent of their annual budget to manage solid waste generated in the country, which costs Malaysia between RM110 and RM130 to collect and dispose one tonne of garbage. That sums up to RM1.98 million to RM2.34 million per day or RM854 million per year at the current generation of 18,000 tonnes of solid wastes per day (Ali, Eeda et al., 2012)....   [tags: recycling, domestic waste, solid waste]
:: 4 Works Cited
872 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Planning a Solid Waste Management System - ... solid waste management planning using GIS and remote sensing technologies case study in Aurangabad City India, there is a direct disposal of waste due to health hazards, economic descend and environmental degradation in a huge amount of loss. To separate them in a early stage are better rather than going for the later option which are inconvenient and expensive. However, by analyzing the waste situation of the area there should be a proper way for waste management. In this paper, the decision support tools for planning waste management are by the use of Geographical Information System....   [tags: design, transport, wastewater] 1259 words
(3.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Solid Waste Management of Mumbai, India Essay - ... m. for the city area and the beat area for suburbs is 8000 – 10000 sg. m. For every beat area a pair of sweepers is assigned and the working hours are from 6.30 am to 1.30pm. The tools used are handcart, 2 containers and brooms. Are 4200 beats are there in Mumbai which compromises of about 8400 sweepers. The collected wastes are then dumped in the nearby community dustbins that are provided by MCGM. [5] Figure 4: Sweepers working in pairs Figure5: Worker collecting garbage from bin Collection and Temporary Storage of Solid Waste According to the MSW rules of 2004, the MCGM has issued notices u/s 368 of MMC Act....   [tags: population, metropolitan area] 1744 words
(5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Improving Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management in Indonesia - Raddy defined Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as any garbage or refuse or other discarded material arising from every day items produced by domestic, community, industrial, commercial, agricultural or any type of human operations (2). In 2013, it is estimated that Indonesian population reached 250 million people and it continues to increase at the rate of 1.5 per-cent every year (“The World Factbook”; Munawar and Feliner). Every Indonesian produces approximately 0.76 kilograms per day of MSW. Total MSW produced in 2010 was approximately 65.9 million tonnes....   [tags: garbage, discarted material]
:: 10 Works Cited
1725 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]