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Human Overpopulation Essay

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Image this: One day, you wake up and 240,000 more people are living in your mansion. It is a big mansion with normally ample supplies to sustain your lifestyle. However, with 240,000 more people inhabiting that same area, it has become cramped and small. The next day, 240,000 people more come to live with you. This happens everyday for many years, soon supplies start to stretch thin and space starts to be a rarity. Unfortunately, this is not fiction. It is reality. Everyday, 240,000 babies are born around the world, according to United Nations’ Population Fund (UNFPA). This figure works out to be about 12,000,000 people over the next 50 years, if the growth stays, steady. However, as stated by World Population Profile: 1998, the population of our plant will reach 9.6 billion people by 2050, a discouraging number. That should frighten every citizen of earth, because the enormous population will affect every person. Unless, people understand the causes and the problems they create.
Experts list various reasons that the population has boomed. One is a desire for large families. Experts estimate that twenty percent of the projected growth over the next fifty years- or 660 million people- will come from families that may have access to family planning services but choose to have more than two children. Another reason that the population is growing at a rapid pace is that family planning services are not available to all people. Many governments ban or restrict valuable methods of contraception. In Japan, regulations discourage the use of birth control pills and encourage the use of condoms. However, condoms prove to be only 90-98% effective under the best circumstances, while, if taken correctly, the pill is 99.67% effective against unplanned pregnancy (“’NO’ and Other Methods of Birth Control” back of pamphlet) This is at least a 1% difference. Therefore, one woman out of one hundred using condoms will get pregnant. That would mean 647,200 women would conceive children if every person in Japan had sexual intercourse and relied on condoms alone. (Basing the statistic on a census taken in 1999 by Age Group and Sex Statistics Bureau, which cited 64,720,000 women in Japan.) World Watch reports that a 1989 study found that in sixty countries, the wife must have her husband’s permission to be sterilized or receive contraceptives. This law hinders the woman from prote...


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...1997v27n4p1097-1109.
Campaign Issues: Facing the Facts. Face to Face. 29 February 2000 <http://www.facecampaign.org/tmpls/issues.html>.
Glossary. World Bank. 25 February 2000 <http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/english/modules/glossary.htm#momentum>.
Mitchell, Jennifer D. “Before the Next Doubling.” World Watch 11 (January/February 1998): 20-27.
“No” and other Methods of Birth Control. Contraceptive pamphlet. Kenilworth, Illinois: Private Line, 1996.
6 Billion: A Time for Choices. United Nation Population Fund. 29 February 2000 <http://www.unpfa.org>.
6,000,000,000 Consumption Machines. National Wildlife Foundation. 7 March 2000 <http://www.nwf.org/intlwild/1998/6billionso.html>.
World Population Continues to Grow. ENN News Archive. 17 February 2000 <http://www.enn.com/enn-news-archieve/1999/04/040599/population_2496.asp>.
World Population: Special Report. BBC news. 27 February 2000 <http://news2.thls.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/special_report/1999/06/99/world_population/newsid_381000/381043.stm>.
Zero Population Growth. The Central Oregon Chapter of Zero Population Growth. 17 February 2000 <http://www.envirocenter.org/groups/zeropop/zeropop.html>.


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