Preview
Preview

Privatization of Social Services Essay

:: 8 Works Cited
Length: 2146 words (6.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The Benefits of Privatization of Social Services


Contracting out is the process through which public organizations contract with private sector organizations to provide services normally provided by public agencies. It is a form of privatization, which is defined as any shift of activity or functions from the state to the private sector, more specifically, the shift of production of goods or services from public to private. (Starr, 5) Privatization reduces the role of government and increases the role of private sector agencies. However, public agencies maintain ultimate control over the provision of services and they control government funding.

In an effort to reduce costs, enhance efficiency or improve services, many states have started privatizing or contracting out many of their social service programs. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 greatly influenced agencies to explore contracting out as a means of delivering services. Privatization is not a new concept for social services, however, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act gives states more flexibility to administer TANF and other related services. (Yates, 1)

The County of Los Angeles, Department of Public Social Services is one such organization that is seeking to provide effective, efficient services while meeting the mandates of welfare reform regulations. CalWORKS (California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids) GAIN Division (Greater Avenues for Independence) is responsible for providing Welfare-to-Work services to Temporary Aid for Needy Families (TANF) (formerly known as AFDC) recipients. Welfare reform time limits have made it necessary for the organization to becom...


... middle of paper ...


...wn Author. "The Growing Cost of Contracting Out". Internet http://www.afge.org/SWAMP/factsheet2.htm

Nelson, F. Howard. "Analyzing the Cost of Contracting Out". Internet http://www.aft.org/research/reports/private/contmanu.htm

Nightingale, Demetra Smith and Pinus, Nancy. "Privatization of Public Social Services: A Background Paper". 1997. Internet http://www.urban.org/pubman/privatiz.html

Starr, Paul. "The Meaning of Privatization". Internet http://www.princeton.edu/~starr/meaning.html

United States Government Accounting Office. "Social Service Privatization". Internet GAO/HEHS-98-6, October 1997.

Yates, Jessica. "Managing the Contracting Out Process for Results in Welfare Reform". Internet http://www.welfareinfo.org/contractissue.htm

Yates, Jessica. "Privatization and Welfare Reform". Internet http://www.welfareinfo.org/jessica.htm.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
The Historical View of Privatization and Nationalization in America Essay - In the previous years ago, the word privatization was not well-known same as today. Conversely, word nationalization was popular at that time because of the government at that time owned all of the important enterprises such as infrastructure businesses while private sector owned in the diminutive enterprise which not important about the lifestyle of the people that illustrated the government had more bargaining power than private sector. Almost people knew nationalization but did not know about privatization....   [tags: privatization, nationalazation, USA, history,] 1034 words
(3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Service and Asset Privatization Essay - ... In statistical analyses, he comes to know that the high population in prisons is an originator to the prison privatization, and privatizing prisons are more likely adapted by poorer and smaller states as they have less funds and spending restrictions. He mentions that less liberal citizens are negatively related with privatization of prison in multiple studies and imprisonment rate is positively related with the privatization of prison in one study. After the release of data on privatizing state prisons from the Bureau of Justice Statistics in 1990, he concludes that the high unemployment rate, high crime rate, less liberal citizens and high population were the prime factors which appear...   [tags: government, public, sectors, services] 2404 words
(6.9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Privatization Essay - Privatization Privatizing services is a more attractive option for most local governments and is widely practiced around the state. There are certain government services in which it is impractical to create a free competitive market. For others, it is almost impossible to predict the potential success or failure of privatization. These unclear predictions make privatization a very complicated issue for local governments. The combination of rapidly rising service costs and slowly increasing revenues has led officials in some cities and counties to use non-traditional income services to fund government options....   [tags: Government Businesses Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited
3815 words
(10.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Social Development in the Global South Essay - ... Under an autocratic regime, the repression or weakness of the left, contributes to the lack of universal provision of social entitlements. According to their analysis, “authoritarianism had negative effects on education spending” (H&S 7) while democracy had a strong direct effect on poverty and inequality through investments on education. While democracy to them seems to be the most important factor influencing the provision and expansion of social entitlements, they however, made it clear that ‘long-term’ democracies are better off at providing social benefits (H&S 241) ....   [tags: causes of social entitlements]
:: 2 Works Cited
1950 words
(5.6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
The Ethics of Prison Privatization Essay - How true is Christie’s warning that an increasingly privatized penal service threatens the ethics and effectiveness of the criminal justice system. More aspects of the penal system are now privatized, and are set to increase. This includes the privatization of such services as prisons, electronic tags, catering companies, probation work or prison escort services. David Taylor-Smith, head of the world’s biggest security firm, G4S says he expects private companies will be running large parts of the UK’s police service within five years (Taylor and Travis, 2012)....   [tags: legal issues, penal system]
:: 20 Works Cited
2385 words
(6.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Social Security Privatization and Its Impact on Society Essay - Social Security Privatization and its Impact on Society II. Introduction Each day that goes by there is a politician or journalist arguing about social security, the plans for saving it, and the repercussions of said plans. These topics are constantly flowing through newspapers, internet sites, online journals, and economic journals as well as many other forms of media. The major topic of discussion is the plan put forth by the current administration to reform social security, or more specifically, privatize it....   [tags: Management] 2795 words
(8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Ethics and Privatization of Public Systems - Ethics problems of privatizing water supply services. Paper submitted for Ethics class, with good reseach on Chinese market. Privatization of public systems has been going on in both developed and developing countries for many years, maybe with more strength on developing countries in the last decade because of their higher reliance on public companies. The inefficiency of many public companies and its burden to the countries bearing them has been probably the reason most commonly used to justify them....   [tags: Country Development Ethics Position Paper] 1732 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Unique Challenges of Privatization of the Juvinille Justice System Essay - Privatization has been typically undertaken in an effort to improve public productivity. Public managers thus have faced unique ethical challenges in situations of privatization because practical considerations and ethical considerations often collide. Effectiveness and efficiency may ultimately be long-range goals of privatization in general, but correctional programs for the juveniles are unique when examined state by state. Many people often think that the “free market” represents the best solutions to our current social problems and economic instability....   [tags: rehabilitation, ethics, corrections] 1249 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
privatization Essay - The social impact of privatization has been an appendage rather than being built into the design of public sector reform programs and particular measures from start to finish. The objectives and the process of privatization has to be rethought because democracy requires the fullest participation of all people in American society, not just those deemed to live in the “public sector”. What is happening is not only increasing fear of the poor, but also the privatization of public space, which is given an added push by government cut-backs....   [tags: essays research papers] 756 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Privatization Essay - Privatization In Taft, California, with a perimeter of razor wire, armed prison guards, supervise hundreds of medium security level federal inmates. Welcome to one of America's newest and fastest growing trends in the area of corrections. This new phenomenon is termed, The Corporation of Modern Corrections. Faced with an increase in prison overcrowding and aging institutions, court orders demanding immediate reform coupled with a straining budget, mandatory minimum sentences, and the public's attitude toward "getting tough on crime", America's justice system is in need of an overhaul....   [tags: Prisons Government Papers]
:: 7 Works Cited
2653 words
(7.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]