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The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

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The Possibility of Proving the Existence of God Using Inductive and Deductive Arguments

Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God,
although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt
that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true
or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct,
deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is
immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's
existence. However, Inductive and Deductive Arguments could be used to
prove the existence of God.

An Inductive argument is a posteriori (based on experience) which is
logic involving reasoning from effect to cause. Inductive arguments
attempt to create and support a general conclusion based on some
evidence (either physical or based on experience), without making it
absolutely certain. The arguments cannot produce proofs that
completely remove an element of doubt from the conclusion, so the
conclusion does not follow the premises and therefore, certainty can
no longer apply - Probability is used instead. Analogy can be used as
a proof, e.g. Paley's watch in the Design Argument. Using Inductive
arguments, it is possible to prove things, although the induction
never leads to certainty.

Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God using
Inductive Arguments. One example is the Cosmological Argument, which
uses the idea of Motion and Cause. Thomas Aquinas stated 'everything
that happens has a cause' and believed that the existence of the
Universe stands in need of explanation, and the only adequate
explanation of its existence is th...


... middle of paper ...


... when trying to prove the existence of God
using Inductive or Deductive proofs. Inductive proofs are seen to have
un-certain conclusions, whereas Deductive proofs need for certainty
can mean they are impossible to use. It is difficult to gather
evidence for God's existence, and it has been questioned whether we
are able to talk about God at all because he is so different from
human experiences. Proof may be impossible, due to so many
difficulties with any particular proof and because of the assumptions
we make in order to prove things. These assumptions are that human
reason is reliable and that our language actually corresponds to the
common world. If this is not the case, then how can anything be
proven? But perhaps, using Kant's argument, proof is not needed for
the existence of God, because faith is more important.


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