Preview
Preview

Essay about Compare and Contrast the Divine Machinery of Odyssey and Aeneid

:: 2 Works Cited
Length: 3326 words (9.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Compare and Contrast the Divine Machinery of the Odyssey and the Aeneid

 
  The Aeneid is a poem of Fate, which acts as an ever-present determinant, and as such Aeneas is entirely in the hands of destiny. The unerring and inexorable passage of fate, assisted by the Gods' intervention, is impossible to prevent and its path does create many victims along the way, who are expendable for Rome to be created. In the Aeneid, mortals suffer, no matter what they do or how good a life they lead and they are unable to rely on the Gods for assistance. However, the Odyssey is a poem of morality, where the good are exulted and the bad are punished ("The blessed gods don't like wicked acts. Justice and fair play are what they respect" O.14.84). It is the gods that uphold the distinction and are very active in passing judgement. No god supports the suitors or the Ithacan crew. Odysseus, the righteous man receives divine support since he is a man worthy of it. Not so in the Aeneid, where Juno supports the enemies of the Trojans, with such men as the dastardly Mezentius. In the Odyssey, destiny is one's own responsibility; instead of leaving all things up to fate, the characters have a significant influence upon his or her own existence. Whilst occasional prophecies punctuate the literary landscape of the Odyssey (e.g. the wanderings of Odysseus after he returns home, and the prophecy of Telemus), they are more poetic tools than fate determinants.

 

            The Aeneid is the story of Rome's creation. It's intended audience was the Romans of 29BC, centuries after the original tale. Thus, the outcome is known right from the start, and is confirmed by Jupiter's speech ("Rome, the rulers of the world...it has been decreed" A.1.282). ...


... middle of paper ...


... gods operate on extremely different terms. The Aeneid's gods are ruled by destiny, despite their own wishes and require frequent control by Jupiter. It is a matter of hero against hero with Turnus pitted against Aeneas, patron goddess against patron goddess with Venus in conflict with Juno. Luckily for Odysseus, it is he and Athene against monsters, trials and trepidation, not against a deity with a grudge or a favourite to pit against him. Though we might consider Poseidon who acts against him, he is happy to leave Odysseus alone when he reaches the shores of Scherie ("so much for you" O.5.376), as Polyphemus' curse is now satiated. He receives no more trouble from Poseidon from that moment onward.

 

Works Cited:

Homer. Odyssey. Trans. Robert Fagles. NY: Penguin Books, 1990.

Virgil, Aeneid. Trans. Allen Mandelbaum. New York: Bantam, 1991.

 

 


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Compare and Contrast the Portrayal of the Gods in Virgil's Aeneid and Metamorphoses - COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE PORTRAYAL OF THE GODS IN VIRGIL'S AENEID AND OVID'S METAMORPHOSES. There is a significant difference in the treatment of the gods in the Aeneid and the Metamorphoses, even though both authors were writing in the epic tradition. Virgil wrote his Aeneid in the last ten years of his life, between 29BC and 19BC, after the Battle of Actium, in 31BC, which was significant, as it established Octavian as the sole emperor, Augustus, of Rome. The Aeneid is a celebration of Augustus' achievements and rejoices in the development of Rome....   [tags: Classics]
:: 4 Works Cited
2696 words
(7.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Promoting Morality in the Aeneid and Metamorphoses Essay - Promoting Morality in the Aeneid and Metamorphoses   Just as the authors of the Bible use an evocative, almost mythological vehicle to convey covenants and laws that set the moral tone for Hebrew and Christian societies, Latin poets Virgil and Ovid employ a similarly supernatural method to foster their own societal and moral goals in Roman society. Where Virgil's Aeneid depicts Aeneas as the ideal, duty-bound Roman patriarch absent from the conflicted Rome of Virgil's youth, Ovid's Metamorphoses lacks the patriotic undertones of Virgil's epic....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
:: 12 Works Cited
1634 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Comparing Sir Thomas More's Utopia and Virgil's Aeneid Essay - Identity and Power in Sir Thomas More's Utopia and Virgil's Aeneid In Utopia and the Aeneid, Sir Thomas More and Virgil describe the construction and perpetuation of a national identity. In the former, the Utopian state operates on the “inside” by enforcing, through methods of surveillance, a normalized identity on its citizens under the guise of bettering their lives. In the latter, the depleted national identity of the future Romans in the wake of the Trojan War must reformulate itself from the “outside” by focusing on defining what it is not....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
2365 words
(6.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad Essay - A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad         The subtlety in the differences between Aneas and Turnus, reflect the subtlety in the differences between the Aeneid and the Iliad.  Although both characters are devout and noble,  Aneas does not possess the ardent passion of Turnus.  Unlike Turnus, Aneas is able to place his beliefs in the fated establishment of Latium before his personal interests. Although Turnus is not a bad person, the gods favor Aneas in their schemes.  The roles of Aneas and Turnus are reversed as the Aeneid progresses.  The erasure of Aneas' free will accounts for his triumph and success....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1178 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
A Comparison of Leadership Abilities of Odysseus in Odyssey and Aeneas in Aeneid - Comparing the Leadership Abilities of Odysseus in Odyssey and Aeneas in Aeneid      These two heroes have embarked from the same destination but on very different journeys. Whilst they are both Iliadic heroes at the start of their stories, they develop and adapt their manner towards the characteristics required of them to succeed. Before we judge them, it is necessary to determine our definition of a successful leader. A hero from the Iliad must be "a speaker of words and one who is accomplished in action", according to the horseman Phoinix (Iliad.9.413)....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
3499 words
(10 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Comparing the Struggle in Dante’s Inferno and Book VI of The Aeneid Essay - The Infernal Struggle in Dante’s Inferno and Book VI of The Aeneid Does hell have its own history. For Dante, the structural and thematic history of ‘hell’ in the Inferno begins with the Roman epic tradition and its champion poet, Virgil. By drawing heavily from the characteristics of hell in Book VI of The Aeneid, Dante carries the epic tradition into the medieval world and affirms his indebtedness to Virgil’s poetry. Moreover, Virgil becomes a central character in the Inferno as he guides Dante, the pilgrim, who has no knowledge of hell, through his own historical model....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
4306 words
(12.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on The Heros - Odysseus, Jason and Aeneas - A Comparison of the Heroes, Odysseus, Jason and Aeneas   Odysseus is unique among epic heroes in that his strength comes not from inhuman powers or exceptional physical ability, but mainly from his mind.  Odysseus, regularly uses cunning, guile, and superiority of intellect to overcome obstacles.  In this paper I will compare Odysseus to other epic heroes, both in terms of character and in terms of responses to crises, comparing his reactions with those of other heroes placed in similar situations....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
:: 2 Works Cited
1685 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Compare and Contrast Tragedy and Comedy - Compare and Contrast Tragedy and Comedy A tragedy is defined as beginning with a problem that affects everyone, i.e. the whole town or all the characters involved, the tragic hero must solve this problem and this results in his banishment or death [run-on sentence]. A comedy is defined as also beginning with a problem, but one of less significant importance. The characters try to solve the problem and the story ends with all the characters uniting in either a marriage of a party. Although these two genres are seen as being complete opposites of each other, through further analysis one can gather that though they are different certain similarities can also be seen....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays] 1019 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Compare and Contrast Comedy and Tragedy - Compare and Contrast Comedy and Tragedy In a comparison of comedy and tragedy, I will begin by looking at narrative. The narration in a comedy often involves union and togetherness as we see in the marriage scene at the end of Midsummer's Night Dream. William Hazlitt tells us that one can also expect incongruities, misunderstandings, and contradictions. I am reminded of the play The Importance of Being Ernest and the humor by way of mistaken identity. Sigmund Freud tells us to expect excess and exaggeration in comedy....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays] 902 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Aeneid vs. Odyssey Essay - Aeneid vs. Odyssey Both the Odyssey and the Aeneid share some similarities as epics; both describe the trials of a heroic figure who is the ideal representative of a particular culture. There are even individual scenes in the Aeneid are borrowed from the Odyssey. Yet, why are Odysseus and Aeneas so unlike one another. The answer is that the authors lived in two different worlds, whose values and perceptions varied greatly of a fundamental level. To illustrate, two common ideas woven into the Odyssey are custom and recklessness....   [tags: Papers Compare Contrast Odyssey Aeneid Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
2152 words
(6.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]