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Juvenile Violence in Public Schools Essay

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The starting point of violence takes place in communities and at home--not at school. Youth take what they hear and see at home and in their communities to school. The environment in some communities and households are positive and the presences of protective factors outweigh the high risk factors. However, there are communities and households where there is a lack of informal social control and high risk factors exist more than protective factors--, which affect youth in a negative manner.

A sudden increase of youth violence in public schools in early 1990 has caused many to raise concerns about violent behaviors in schools. In the past, the most common form of violence that took place in schools was bullying, physical fights, or arguments. Now when violence in schools occur it involves fighting, sexual assault, rape, larceny, vandalism, bombs, and weapons--commonly guns.

Statistics in 2000 show that, students' ages 12 through 18 were victims of about 1.9 million total crimes of violence or theft at school. In that same year, students in this age range were victims of about 128,000 serious violent crimes (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault) at school (BJS and National Center for Education Statistics).

Fighting is the most common form of violence that takes place in schools. However, they destroy lives. Youth can end up dead, hurt, or find their selves facing criminal charges. Schools that have a hostile type of environment in addition to constant threats of violence can negatively affect the school faculty and students. Environment like this cause troubling thoughts of feeling unsafe, which can cause students to avoid school and participate less in classes and other school activities.

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Derbyshire, John. "The Problem with Zero: On Tolerance and Common Sense in the Schools."

National Review, Vol. 53: May 28, 2001, PP 1-2.

Kopka, Deborah L. School Violence: A Reference Handbook Contemporary World Issues.

1st ed. Santa Barbara, Calif. ABC-CLIO (1997): 22-24.

Menhard, Francha. School Violence: Deadly Lessons.

1st ed. Enslow Publishers, Inc. (2000): 11, 19-21, 112-123

Sexton-Radek, Kathy. Violence in Schools: Issues, Consequences, and Expressions.

1st ed. Praeger Publishers (2004): 37-42, 112-123.

Taylor, Robert W., Fritsch, Eric J., and Caeti, Tory J. Juvenile Justice: Policies, Programs, and Practices.

1st ed. Glencoe/McGraw Hill (2002): 58-60.



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