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President Roosevelt and World History Essay

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On December 8th, 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt spoke to a joint session of the United States Congress, asking for a declaration of war against the Empire of Japan. The major cause of his speech was to condemn an unexpected attack from the Japanese on U.S. territory and let the world know that the United States had the necessary military to battle any nation. On December 7th, 1941, the Japanese military launched a surprise attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, resulted in 2,403 casualties and 539 wounded US citizens. It also destroyed 19 U.S. Navy Ships. The United States was a divided nation before the attack because many opposed entering the war after they suffered the consequences of the First World War. However, news of the Pearl Harbor attack brought shock, shame and anger to the people of the United States. Americans were eager to reclaim victory, sparking patriotism in the pacifist. Roosevelt's emotional and persuasive speech on December 8th, aimed to touch the hearts of the nation and seek retaliation against the Japanese; his use of rhetoric and direct language united the country, and unanimously supported his plea to enter the Second World War.
During the 1930’s Germany, Italy and Japan began invading other nations and establishing new empires. When Hitler attacked Poland, President Roosevelt decided to help the democratic countries of France and Britain. Despite his opinions, the nation opposed an armed conflict. Most Americans believed that the country shouldn’t enter world war two, because they still remembered the ravages of the First World War. According to PBS the President didn’t have any support to battle “Roosevelt condemned international agg...


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...lly. He was the leader since the great depression, and for the same reason, was reelected President for the third time consecutively. At a time of shock, shame and anger, the leader brought Americans together as a united nation.



Works Cited

"PBS General Article: Foreign Affairs." Http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience. PBS, n.d. Web. 20 May 2014. .
Roosevelt, Franklin D. "Franklin D. Roosevelt: Address to Congress Requesting a Declaration of War with Japan." Franklin D. Roosevelt: Address to Congress Requesting a Declaration of War with Japan. N.p., 8 Dec. 1941. Web. 14 May 2014.

Schamel, Wynell B., and Jean West. "'A Date Which Will Live in Infamy'" National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, Nov.-Dec. 1991. Web. 15 May 2014



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