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Population Growth: The Problems Created By Urbanization Essay

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As the world continues to evolve, it is evident that population growth is one of the leading issues humans face. The 21st century world has displayed how science, medicine, and technology have been able to sustain human life, while also creating a human birth boom. Although many of these advancements are positive, they also bring forth many challenges that society must learn to face. The rise of megacities such as Mumbai, India are key examples of how urbanization in search for better opportunity has led to many problems such as poverty, poor living and health conditions, and extreme depletion of resources within the environment.

Mumbai, the capital city of India is recognized today as the fourth most populated city in the world. With a population of over 20 million people, Mumbai is recognized as the business capital of India; filled with economic opportunity and trade (Mumbai Population 2014). The fertility rate in India is 2.5, which is slightly above the world replacement rate of 2.0, displaying that the cause of staggering overpopulation in Mumbai is more so due to the millions migrating from Indian suburbs to the city to escape poverty (The World Factbook). However, hopes for a better life are often dashed as overpopulation puts a huge strain on cities’ infrastructures and their ability to provide people with basic necessities such as good salaries, clean water, and adequate shelter. Poor families find their dreams of living in the city shattered when they are faced with unemployment and find themselves dependent on a single earner. According to the World Bank, 54% of Mumbai’s residents live in slums, and are expected to reach a staggering 22.5 million in 2025. Estimates of 42% of residents in India receive wages below 1.2...


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...er." City Mayors Society 13. City Mayors, 8 Mar. 2006. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.
"The World Factbook: India." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. .

Caion-Demaestri, Leonardo, and Zoë Freedberg. "The Effects of Growing Populations." University of Michigan. UMICH, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. .

Izábal, Nina. "Understanding Mumbai: India’s Biggest City in a Global Context." This Big City. Disqus, 16 Mar. 2011. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. .

"Poverty in India." Gabriel Project Mumbai. Gabriel Project, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. .



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