Preview
Preview

The Philosophy of John Locke Essay

Missing Works Cited
Length: 1503 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In his Second Treatise of Government, Locke proposes an idealized state of nature in which men are self-sufficient and content. The implications of his idealized population lead him to derive the existence of government from its own theoretical roots: Locke proposes government as a naturally occurring consequence of his state of nature. This derivation is founded on the injustice of man in his natural state: it is the imperfections found in the state of nature that necessitate government. This paper aims to show why the inequality caused by the existence of a market economy is an intentional and necessary path from Locke’s state of nature to the existence of the commonwealth. It will first argue that unequal possession is an inevitable consequence of property as defined by Locke. It will then show why this inequality is a necessary transition out of the state of nature for mankind. It will finally argue that each man’s consent to currency, and the injustice it brings, is the foundation for the overall consent to the commonwealth. The existence of inequality is naturally introduced and maintained throughout Locke’s argument. Hobbes successfully defends that economic inequality is both a natural and crucial part of political society; both the inequality of human ability and the resulting economic inequality precede the existence of an ideal state.
In Locke’s state of nature, men exist in a “state of perfect freedom” over their actions, possessions, and persons, within the law of nature (Locke 269). They do not depend on other men for anything. This complete intellectual and physical freedom is a natural state, but is not a perfect state. Locke acknowledges that full freedom, without a government to moderate it, doe...


... middle of paper ...


...that must thereby emerge. Hobbes successfully defends that economic inequality is simultaneously a consequence of his definitions and a cause for the commonwealth. He does support that economic inequality is moral assuming the existence of money and market exchange. His views of original appropriation are not contested by this inequality, but rather developed and made relevant. Locke never requires original appropriation to be equal; he simply requires that each man gets what he needs to survive and that nothing is wasted. The more profound result of the system Locke describes is the ability of man to increase efficiency and productivity as a result of this inequality. Any inequality is a result of some men being more productive than others. Locke derives property directly from the state of nature to explain how its inequality is unavoidable and not harmful.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
The Philosophy of John Locke Essay - In his Second Treatise of Government, Locke proposes an idealized state of nature in which men are self-sufficient and content. The implications of his idealized population lead him to derive the existence of government from its own theoretical roots: Locke proposes government as a naturally occurring consequence of his state of nature. This derivation is founded on the injustice of man in his natural state: it is the imperfections found in the state of nature that necessitate government. This paper aims to show why the inequality caused by the existence of a market economy is an intentional and necessary path from Locke’s state of nature to the existence of the commonwealth....   [tags: Philosophy ] 1503 words
(4.3 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on John Locke's Political Philosophy - ... If one person makes another unhappy, they have therefore rejected God’s will. Consequently, each person has the obligation to preserve other people as well as themselves. Locke states in his Second Treatise of Government, “Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.” Locke believes that people Recognizing the obligation to preserve the rights of all humankind leads to sufferance. This notion forms the basis for Locke’s belief in the separation of church and state....   [tags: moral, roles, reason, private, property] 761 words
(2.2 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
John Locke's Philosophy Essay - John Locke was born in 1632. He earned his bachelor’s Degree in 1656 and a master's degree in 1658. In 1690 Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding appeared. From this came Tabula rasa. This then laid the foundation for environmentalism. Locke was an English philosopher who was regarded as one of the “most influential of enlightenment thinkers” and “important to social contract social” (Wikipedia). Locke died in 1704 never being married or having children. His theories are a part of what we practice today....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]
:: 4 Works Cited
737 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about Philosophy: John Locke, David Hume - This is a philosophical question that has been proven ultimately difficult to answer. I believe it is as a result of the complexity of the consent theory. For a theory that places high emphasis on autonomy and freedom, the most obvious basis for legitimate political authority should be some form of voluntary, self-assumed obligation. However, some philosophers such as John Locke and Charles Beitz argue that tacit consent can ground obligation to obey the state’s law while others such as Hanna Pitkin and David Hume counter this argument with the opinion that tacit consent is not sufficient to ground political obligation....   [tags: political theory essay ] 1130 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding - John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding In John Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding", he makes a distinction between the sorts of ideas we can conceive of in the perception of objects. Locke separates these perceptions into primary and secondary qualities. Regardless of any criticism of such a distinction, it is a necessary one in that, without it, perception would be a haphazard affair. To illustrate this, an examination of Locke's definition of primary and secondary qualities is necessary....   [tags: Reality John Locke Philosophy essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1412 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Faith and Politics - Should faith groups and institutions be allowed to form political parties. Should faith groups be allowed to gain influence in the workings of the government. Starting back in the early days of Plato through when our founding fathers first drafted the constitution, there started to be a sense of separation between church and state. Since the inception of the United States Constitution in 1776, the American government knew there should be a clear separation. Even with this definition of separation there have been many citizens challenge certain aspects of the First Amendment....   [tags: philosophy, john locke, plato]
:: 7 Works Cited
1795 words
(5.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on John Locke and the Enlightenment - This paper is about John Locke who was a philosopher in the 17-century. He was an Englishmen and his ideas formed the basic concept for the government and laws, which later allowed colonist to justify revolution. I agree with what Locke is saying because everybody should be able to have their own freedom and still respect the freedom of other people. John said, “Individuals have rights, and their duties are defined in terms of protecting their own rights and respecting those of others”. This paper will present to you information about his enlightenment, personal information, and how we as people feel about his decisions. The Enlightenment is a time in history when there was a want in great...   [tags: philosophy, biography, european history]
:: 5 Works Cited
575 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on John Locke and Metaphysics - ... The distinction between primary and secondary qualities. Locke argues the crucial difference between two kinds of simple ideas we receive from sensation. Some of the ideas we receive resemble their causes out in the world, while others do not. The ideas which resemble their causes are the ideas of primary qualities: solidity, extension, figure, motion, and number. The ideas which do not resemble their causes are the ideas of secondary qualities: color, sound, taste, texture, and odor. Locke than states there is a real world out there beyond our comprehension....   [tags: philosophy, ideas, blank, slate, realism] 584 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Self Reflection and John Locke Essay - John Locke talks of the gradual opening of conscious mind which according to him is initially empty (a tabula rasa). This empty mind, a tabula rasa, is shaped by sensations and reflections or experiences in general. In some thoughts concerning education, Locke expressed his belief on the importance of education in development of man. He says that the extent of their goodness and usefulness boils down to their education (Piel, 2002). The impressions that the mind gets in childhood are lasting and form the basis of self....   [tags: philosophy]
:: 7 Works Cited
1217 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about John Locke - John Locke was born in Wrington, Somerset, England in 1632. His father was a barrister and a justice of the peace who fought on behalf of the Parliamentary side against Charles I. Locke had a good education, he learned Hebrew and Arabic from Westminster school, then went on to Oxford University where he began to not only question but disagree strongly with the scholastic philosophy being taught. Upon receiving his master’s degree, he began to lecture at Oxford in Greek and Latin. From there, he eventually was offered the position of Censor of Moral Philosophy in 1664....   [tags: philosophy, medicine, political services] 968 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]