Parallels between Scottsboro and To Kill a Mockingbird:: 7 Works Cited
Length: 1478 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)
There are many parallelism between Scottsboro and Maycomb, the major issue is the event that occurred during the Great Depression. The Great Depression happened after world war two and it’s a economic crisis worldwide where mostly everyone has no job and money at that time. Maycomb is town with traditional old generation because their thinking is different than the city people, they dress differently and people like Aunt Alexandra would want to teach their kids about their family name or its legacy. Everything around Maycomb is old as well, like the road of Maycomb changes color when it rains(sparknotes.com). The description of Maycomb when she recalls as an adult, makes people feel like its a slow and boring town basically. The town has hoover carts and dirt roads, this sets the readers an idea that the town must have be a poor one because of the Great Depression, where almost no one has a job and there are no money to buy things. Scout also describes how the town felt like it was more than 24 hours a day and nobody is hurrying to anywhere for there’s not really a specific place that one would go at that time(goodreads.com). Both trials in Scottsboro and Maycomb happened during the Great Depression.
Scottsboro is located in the Jackson County, Alabama. Maycomb is a fictional location that's also located in Alabama according to Harper Lee.
Both Scottsboro and Maycomb are similar because of the discrimination towards Afro-Americans. The most infamous event that occurred in Scottsboro is the Scottsboro boys case. Basically in Scottsboro, nine African American teenager boys are accused of raping two women when they were on their way to find a job in the train, yet they thought they were arrested for fighting with the white men(msnbc.com). On the other hand, in Maycomb, Tom Robinson is accused of raping a white woman when he was actually hugged and kissed by that white woman and she was trying to cover up her embarrassment so she decided to get rid of Tom Robinson, an innocent and decent Afro-American. Harper Lee restated the Scottsboro boys case and wrote about it in Scout’s point of view, the case had motivated her to wrote it down which there are lots of corresponding outcomes. Starting from the setting of both issue, causes that lead to each trial, convicting Afro-Americans without solid evidence, and sentence them to death.
Putting a person’s life on stake just to cover up one’s own embarrassment was how it is back then. The cause of Tom Robinson’s trial is when a poor white woman named Mayella Ewell asked him to help her to fix something like before. After Mayella has invited Tom inside the house, she suddenly hugged him and asked Tom to kiss her which Tom was really scared. Then her father Bob Ewell saw what she was doing and was really angry so Tom ran away with fear. Mayella Ewell was obviously beaten up by her father but she needed to cover to embarrassment on tempting a Negro. She decides to ruin Tom Robinson’s life and accuse him of raping her. Rape is the capital offense in the states (english83tkam.blogspot.com). To shoot a crippled is to kill a mockingbird, though its a sin to do so, the prejudiced hunters felt like its the right thing to do.
What really happened in the train between two white women and nine black teenager boys? The cause of the Scottsboro trial is when nine black teenage boys, some didn’t know each other, are in a train heading to Memphis to find a job but they got in a fight with the white boys because they started it first. The black has forced the white off the train so the white were angry and so they went to an official in charge of the station saying that they were physically attacked by the black. Later the nine black teenager boys were arrested in Scottsboro, Alabama for they thought it was because of the fight they got into with white boys but turns out it was because alleged rape of two white women(thenation.com). This black and white case is a simple and crystal clear one to anyone who’s not racist or prejudiced because its obvious that the Scottsboro boys couldn’t have raped the girls for they thought they were arrested for getting into a fight.
All but one convicted and sentenced to death without solid evidence, is this right? In the Scottsboro boys trial, only the youngest Scottsboro boy wasn’t convicted and sentenced to death due to his young age. The rest of the boys were convicted of rape and sentenced to spend their life in prison, death, or electric chair, but none of them have been killed due to the alleged rape. Until the 1940s, nine of the Scottsboro boys have either been paroled or escaped(law2.umkc.edu). Nothing is right, people know it in their heart, some make changes, some speak their voices for the unspeakables, with these peoples’ actions, situations like these are happening less and with more fair conclusions.
Man convicted without solid evidence and lose his life while trying to grab his one shot for freedom. In the Tom Robinson’s trial, he was convicted in Maycomb so they sent him to a prison camp. Atticus says either he could get another trial or he’ll be sent to the electric chair. Tom knows he’s got no chances in being acquitted so he just took the chances he had when he sees freedom so he was shot 17 times while trying to cross the fence during his attempt to escape. This act of Tom showed the prejudiced people of Maycomb that he is indeed guilty(essayguide.info). Tom Robinson’s trial had influenced the kids because of the unfairness and injustice result. The trials did not really influenced the adults probably because most of the adults are either racist or they knew this would happen in the black and white case, but the black are pretty thankful towards Atticus. The black would never stand a chance of winning in the court even if there are enough evidence on hand, however they are gaining more rights and respect now.
A huge change on American history and fundamental rights for all race. The Scottsboro trial has a huge impact in the American history in many ways, the story of the Scottsboro boys is told from one another for a long time. American justice, poor people’s right, and free from Afro-American discrimination were also influenced by the trial. Inequalities in criminal justice are also fixed to make sure in the future this will not happen again due to unfairness. Many countries divide due to this big change but its getting better. This historical event has changed the Afro-American’s life dramatically in a good way that they’re going to have their right and protection under the law(testaae.greenwood.com). This is one of the step to gaining rights and respects for the Afro-Americans, though it may seem as a baby step, but its still a step and it showed people that the truth has overcame lies.
The truth about this prejudiced world towards young generations; the young can either grow to be a better person or the wrong being. The Robinson trial showed the readers that in this racist world we live in, anyone, whether you are poor or ugly or whatsoever, you can accuse any Afro-American of doing something they didn’t and ruin their life completely, as in death for them. Even if the Afro-American has the best attorney on hand, they’ll still lose because of the prejudiced jurors don’t think it’s right for them to acquit a negro. However, things are different nowadays though there might still have some racism going around (mymvps.mountvernonschool.org). As a youngster and future of this world, people can choose to make themselves proud for doing the right thing or make others indignant for what you decide to do.
After all these years people learn about what happened in the 1930s because of then the readers of To Kill a Mockingbird can understand Harper Lee’s purpose of writing this book, as well as the reasons that lead to each trial, the prejudiced results towards different races, and lastly how this long event has changed the lives of Afro-Americans. This big tragedy to teach the new generations not to repeat the same mistake that happened during that time and it is important that they know it. If the people today do not learn the mistakes from the past like this one between colors, then there will be more innocent Afro-Americans like the Scottsboro boys and Tom Robinson being convicted and sentenced to death for doing something they didn’t with allegation. Today Afro-Americans are treated better with respect and has more rights than previously due to a lot of causes and this Scottsboro boys case is one of the tragedy than helped them became a step closer to respect. Bob Marley once said, “Until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned, everywhere is war and until there are no longer first-class and second-class citizens of any nation, until the color of a man's skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes. And until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all without regard to race, there is war. And until that day, the dream of lasting peace, world citizenship, rule of international morality, will remain but a fleeting illusion to be pursued, but never attained... now everywhere is war.”
Couvillian. "Mount Vernon Presbyterian School." Mount Vernon Presbyterian School. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
"Difficult to See Justice in 'Scottsboro Boys' Posthumous Pardon." MSNBC. Melissa Harris Perry, 12 July 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
"English 83 TKAM Blog." : Ch. 18 & 19: What Does Tom Robinson Suggest Happened the Day of the Rape? Do You Think the Jury Will Believe His Version of Events? Rossiter, 18 May 2011. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
"Essay Guide." To Kill A Mockingbird. The Trial of Tom Robinson. N.p., 22 May 2008. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
Important Quotations Explained in To Kill A Mockingbird. SparkNotes Editors, 2002. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.
"Scottsboro Boys." Scottsboro Boys. Douglas O. Linder, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2013.
"The Scottsboro Boys Trials: Black Men as “Racial Scapegoats”." Famous American Crimes and Trials : Volume III: 1913–1959. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004. The African American Experience. Greenwood Publishing Group. Web. 7 Dec 2013.