Preview
Preview

Essay on Overview of Dog Domestication

:: 4 Works Cited
Length: 1178 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dogs are currently the only large carnivore, and one of the only species from the canidae family, to have been domesticated. Although not much is known about the domestication of dogs with disagreements between when dog first became domesticated, the location they were first domesticated, and exactly how they became domesticated, one thing that is generally agreed upon is that dogs were the first ever animal to be domesticated.
Fossilized dog-like remains can be dated back to ~33,000BP (Before Present) with possibly the earliest verified dog remains dating 12,000 -11,000BP (Galibert et al 2011). In Goyet cave in Belgium, the remains of a dog skull which showed clear differentiation from that of wolves was discovered and dated at 31,700 BP by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. The remains are presumed to resemble prehistoric dogs, and are identified as a Paleolithic dog (Galibert et al 2011). Despite these findings however, identifying the relative age of the earliest prehistoric dogs is difficult due to the fact that key morphological characteristics that differentiate Canis familiaris from Canis lupus were not fixed during the initial stages of domestication (Larson et al. 2012). To complicate this, the range of variation in ancient wolf populations is unknown, as is the amount of time it took for such traits to appear in dogs (Larson et al. 2012). Going from this, even though the morphological data on the fossilized remains found at the aforementioned sites suggest a prehistoric dog, it could be possible that the fossils represent either ancient wolves going through the initial stages of a domestication process, or a morphologically distinct population of wolves that have since become extinct (Larson et al. 2012). Regardless of the...


... middle of paper ...


...tion 10,000 years BP there was a more intense selection for dogs that were of a smaller size and who were more docile which allowed for close human contact (Wayne and vonHoldt 2012).



Works Cited

Axelsson, E., et al. 2013. The genomic signature of dog domestication reveals adaptation to a starch-rich diet. Nature 495(7441):360-364
Larson,G, et al. 2012. Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(23): 8878-8883
Wayne, R., and B. vonHoldt 2012. Evolutionary genomics of dog domestication. Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society 23(1-2):3-18
Galibert, F., P. Quignon, C. Hitte, , and C. André 2011. Toward understanding dog evolutionary and domestication history. Comptes Rendus. Biologies 334(3), 190-196.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
The Domestication of Dogs Essay - ... Dog breeds are thought to be classified when humans discovered the most useful traits of the dog. The Romans are thought to be the first to classify these dogs. Some classifications involve house dogs, shepherd dogs, sporting dogs, and war dogs. Evidence suggests that the dog has lived in most parts of the world over time. There are two main categories that make the dogs what they are, the first is how the dogs are all over the world, and in close association with humans, and the second is the many amounts of variation between subspecies....   [tags: wolves, breeds, dna] 837 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Domestication of Canines Essay - ... They would consume what we could not, and would follow us, keeping their distance until the hominids moved on to the next animal to eat. From a time frame ranging from 32,000 to 11,200 years ago, in the area that is now south eastern France, along the Alps there was a fantastic new chapter in the human book, one that would be the kick-starter of the dramatic growth that would become civilization.      This transformation was the first semi-domestication of canines. Imagine there is a stray wolf feeding on the scraps of food that humans left behind, and would follow the traveling groups....   [tags: dogs, pets, human history] 1198 words
(3.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Origin of Dog Domestication: How Dogs Evolved to Become Man’s Best Friend - Title: Origin of Dog Domestication: How Dogs Evolved to Become Man’s Best Friend Background and rationale: Dogs as a man’s best friend has been a prevalent view point among modern day humans, and some even accept it as fact. However, the genetics behind what makes dogs so compatible with mankind, and the history of domestication are not well known to most. The time of divergence, and geographic origin of dog domestication has been greatly debated, though many firmly believe they are of Asian origin (research article)....   [tags: genetics, tameness, selection] 926 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Domestication of Other Wild Animals Essay - With the domestication of wolves came the floppy ears, playfulness, colored coats, and barking of the dog we know and love today. Interestingly enough, when an experiment was performed on silver foxes these same traits appeared after domestication. Belyaev, a Russian geneticist, conducted this experiment by breeding the tamer foxes. Belyaev bred twenty generations of the tamest foxes until the foxes resembled dogs more than they resembled foxes. In the wild there is no artificial selection so dog domestication definitely took a lot longer....   [tags: foxes, wolves, dogs, species]
:: 9 Works Cited
609 words
(1.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
It is the Owner of a Dog that Makes it Dangerous Essay - What has four legs and an arm. A happy pit bull. What happens when you cross a pit bull with a collie. A dog who bites your leg off, then goes for help. Contrary to tasteless jokes and public opinion, it is not the breed of dog that makes a dog dangerous, rather it is the owner of a dog that makes dogs dangerous. But, let’s face it, there are certain dog breeds that demand their owners be aware of negative opinion; and it is the owners’ primary responsibility to implement careful training and socialization of their pups in order to bring an understanding and acceptance of the breed by the general public....   [tags: dog owners, pets, ] 1330 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Smart Dog Collar - ... However, it neglected some key vital signs of dogs included plus and breathing rate, both signs are important and give a baseline to recognize abnormal symptoms. Health vest which is used by veterinarians to collect heart and breathing rates. The electrocardiography device detects and amplifies the tiny electrical changes on the skin that are caused when the heart muscle depolarizes during each heartbeat. But health vests is bulky and the problem of applied when a dog is anxious. In fact, it is difficult to adapt to wear vest for a long period....   [tags: preventing dog obesity, dog health] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Essay on The Chinese Crested Dog - There are so many varieties of dog breeds to choose from. All breeds have their own special traits, but there is one in particular that sticks out; the Chinese Crested. The Chinese Crested has caused a greater division of opinion than any other breed. Few are indifferent to it, but it is usually either loved or hated. (Fogle, 1995, p.539) The Crested has often been dismissed as inadequate due to its physical appearance, but over the years has managed to survive and grow in popularity. The origin of the Chinese Crested is unknown, but it is believed that it started in Africa and evolved from the African Hairless Terrier....   [tags: weird and controversial dog breeds] 596 words
(1.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay Domestication - The beginning of human and animal interaction has been triggered by the progress of technology. Animals have been utilized for work, recreation, companionship as well as medical and scientific projects. Why are there so many different kinds of domesticated animal species suited for captivity. Many pets, such as different dog and livestock breeds, were bred to fulfill different purposes for human needs. The process of selective breeding of animals was at first unintentional and probably unobserved....   [tags: essays research papers] 3468 words
(9.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
To Dance with the White Dog Essay - To Dance with the White Dog   One Work Cited    Terry Kay writes a stirring novel called To Dance with the White Dog.  In the beginning of the novel, the main character, Sam Peek, loses his wife, Cora Peek, to a heart attack.  Soon after, Sam begins to see a mysterious white dog that hides from everyone, including his children. Kay never reveals if White Dog is in fact real or simply a figment of Sam Peek's imagination, but several plot elements lead a reader to believe that White Dog is in fact a real animal[b1]....   [tags: White Dog Essays] 563 words
(1.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Korean Dog Eating Tradition - Korean Dog Eating Tradition The Korean practice of eating dog meat has always been considered a peculiar tradition by foreigners. In recent years, this tradition has come under increasing pressure from animal rights activists, including Bridget Bardot, who wish to see the practice outlawed altogether by the South Korean government. This controversy came to a head in 2002, when activists convinced FIFA to put pressure on South Korea, the co-host of the World Cup, to ban dog meat. William Saletan discusses this controversy in his article ?Wok the Dog,....   [tags: Wok Dog Saletan Essays] 1186 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]