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Essay about Ohio Abortion Laws

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The medical definition of abortion is “the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus: a: spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first 12 weeks of gestation—compare miscarriage b: induced expulsion of a human fetus” ("Medline," 2012).
To even begin the discussion of abortion, we must first begin with the gestational age of viability, meaning at what age the fetus can have a chance of survival outside the mother’s womb. In the Journal of Neonatal Medicine in an article written by S. Bhat, B. Weinberger, and N. Hanna (2013), they state that the standard of care determines that neonatologists resuscitate premature infants at 24 weeks gestation; however, they also attempt to resuscitate infants around 22-23 weeks at the parents’ wishes (p. 31). Abortions can and are performed from 4 weeks gestation and beyond age of viability. The age of gestation determines the type of medication and equipment used to perform the abortion. One example of a second trimester abortion is the umbilical cord transection. This is where a lethal medication is delivered to the infant, then the umbilical cord is vacuumed down through the cervix and cut. (Tocce, Leach, Scheeder, Nielson, & Teal, 2013). There are also medications that prevent a woman from ovulating after having unprotected sex, thus eliminating conception and the need for a medical abortion. Ulipristal is given as a one-time, 30-mg dose within 5 days of intercourse to delay the release of mature egg. (Bature, 2012). These medications, in my opinion, are the better choice than having an abortion of a live fetus. Most abortions occur before 12 weeks gestation (Guttmacher Institute website, 2013); “By the fift...


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...ectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(4), 216-225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1363/3921607
Statutes of the State of Ohio, of a General Nature, in Force, December 7, 1840; Also, the Statutes of a General Nature, Passed by the General Assembly at Their Thirty-Ninth Session, Commencing December 7, 1840. Columbus, 1841, §§ 1-6 (1841).
Tocce, K., Leach, K., Scheeder, J., Nielson, K., & Teal, S. (2013, August 1). Umbilical cord transection to induce fetal demise prior to second-trimester D & E abortion. Contraception, 88, 712-716. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2013.08.001
US History. (n.d.). http://www.ushistory.org/us/57d.asp
Womens Health website. (2012). http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/birth-control-methods.html#b
abortion. (2012). In Medline Plus. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/medlineplus/abortion


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