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New Regulation for U.S. Food and Drug Administration Essay

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On January 4th, 2011, President Barack Obama signed into law the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). For the first time since 1938, new regulations were added to the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and how they regulate the way food is grown, harvested, and processed. According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, “each year roughly one out of six Americans (or 48 million people) gets sick, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die from food borne diseases” (Strauss, 358). With new authorities given to the FDA including mandatory recall, the goal of the FSMA is to help better public health by strengthening the food safety system.
Several contamination’s and large-scale outbreaks over the last decade have made ensuring food quality a major challenge. Outbreaks of Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli, and many other food boune related pathogens have raised questions about the quality of food. With the FSMA, preventative control strategies have been implemented including Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) procedures. As Rubera and Knutson state, “The HACCP plan must include identifying: (1) reasonable foreseeable hazards, including those that may be introduced as a result of terrorism; (2) preventive controls and control points to minimize, prevent, or control hazards; (3) means of monitoring the effectiveness of preventive controls; (4) corrective actions to be taken if controls are found to be ineffective; (5) means of monitoring and verifying the adequacy of controls, including maintaining two-years of monitoring and verification records; and (6) provisions for reanalyzing the HACCP plan every three years” (Knutson and Ribera, 17). By incorporating more demanding food identification procedures, ...


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...es are difficult to insure adequate food quality because they operate outdoors and are susceptible to food borne pathogens. Lastly, the FSMA drastically effects the economy by pushing a $1.4 billion plan over five years. This plan may push the FDA into passing legislation at all stages of government and even private sector in order to meet the cost of the plan. Though the plan has its good and bad, American's must remember that this is the first bill that has passed since 1938 that has impacted food quality and the powers of the FDA. Though expensive, the FSMA is a step in the right direction. It may almost be impossible to guarantee food quality within the United States, but this law is taking baby steps at attacking a serious issue. The FSMA is striving to improve the food safety system within the U.S and only time will tell how successful the law turns out to be.



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